keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgical airway

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333837/-biodegradable-airway-stent-for-the-treatment-of-bronchial-obstruction-in-the-child-case-report
#1
Giselle Cuestas, Verónica Rodríguez, Flavia Doormann, Patricio Bellia Munzón, Gastón Bellia Munzón
Bronchial obstruction is infrequent in the child. The main cause is malacia or benign stenosis. Management alternatives range from conservative treatment to complex surgical and/or endoscopic techniques. Placement of a stent can play a key role in situations where there is no other therapeutic option. However, the ideal stent is not yet available. In the last few years, progress has been made in the development and characterization of novel biodegradable materials in order to overcome the drawbacks of traditional stents made of silicone or metal...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329350/incidence-and-risk-factors-for-postoperative-lingual-neuropraxia-following-airway-instrumentation-a-retrospective-matched-case-control-study
#2
Yi-Kai Su, Jen-Hung Wang, Shiu-Ying Hsieh, Xiu-Zhu Liu, Chen-Fuh Lam, Shian-Che Huang
BACKGROUND: Lingual nerve injury or neuropraxia is a rare but potentially serious perioperative complication following airway instrumentation during general anesthesia. This study explored the the incidence and perioperative risk factors for lingual nerve injury in patients receiving laryngeal mask (LMA) or endotracheal (ETGA) general anesthesia in a single center experience. METHODS AND RESULTS: All surgical patients in our hospital who received LMA or ETGA from 2009 to 2013 were included, and potential perioperative risk factors were compared...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328793/novel-molecular-and-phenotypic-insights-into-congenital-lung-malformations
#3
Daniel T Swarr, William H Peranteau, Jennifer Pogoriler, David B Frank, N Scott Adzick, Holly L Hedrick, Mike Morley, Su Zhou, Edward E Morrisey
RATIONALE: Disruption of normal pulmonary development is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in infants. Congenital lung malformations are a unique model to study the molecular pathogenesis of isolated structural birth defects as they are often surgically resected. OBJECTIVES: To provide insight into the molecular pathogenesis of congenital lung malformations through analysis of cell-type and gene expression changes in these lesions. METHODS: Clinical data, and lung tissue for DNA, RNA, and histology were obtained from 58 infants undergoing surgical resection of a congenital lung lesion...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328741/perioperative-teamwork-for-the-patient-with-a-shared-airway-a-case-study
#4
Gareth Jones
Teamwork is an essential element of perioperative care. Shared airway surgery requires additional considerations for the perioperative team. This article analyses a case study of a patient undergoing thyroid surgery. Whilst the anaesthetic team is responsible for maintaining the patient's airway, the theatre and surgical teams have their own individual roles to assist in airway management and surgical care.
March 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327045/serial-in-office-intralesional-steroid-injections-in-airway-stenosis
#5
Caitlin Bertelsen, Hagit Shoffel-Havakuk, Karla O'Dell, Michael M Johns, Lindsay S Reder
Importance: Endoscopic dilation is the mainstay treatment strategy for subglottic and proximal tracheal stenosis (SGS/PTS). Its major limitation is restenosis requiring repeated surgery. Intralesional steroid injection (ISI) is a promising adjunctive treatment aimed at prolonging the effects of dilation. Objective: To evaluate the association of serial in-office ISI after endoscopic dilation with surgery-free interval (SFI) in adults with SGS/PTS. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective study of adults with SGS/PTS who underwent at least 2 consecutive in-office ISI at the University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, over a 3-year period was conducted...
January 11, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326127/skill-sets-required-for-the-management-of-military-head-face-and-neck-trauma-a-multidisciplinary-consensus-statement
#6
John Breeze, R Blanch, J Baden, A M Monaghan, D Evriviades, S E Harrisson, S Roberts, A Gibson, N MacKenzie, D Baxter, A J Gibbons, S Heppell, J G Combes, R F Rickard
INTRODUCTION: The evolution of medical practice is resulting in increasing subspecialisation, with head, face and neck (HFN) trauma in a civilian environment usually managed by a combination of surgical specialties working as a team. However, the full combination of HFN specialties commonly available in the NHS may not be available in future UK military-led operations, necessitating the identification of a group of skill sets that could be delivered by one or more deployed surgeons. METHOD: A systematic review was undertaken to identify those surgical procedures performed to treat acute military head, face, neck and eye trauma...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316977/the-lung-tissue-microbiota-of-mild-and-moderate-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#7
Alexa A Pragman, Tianmeng Lyu, Joshua A Baller, Trevor J Gould, Rosemary F Kelly, Cavan S Reilly, Richard E Isaacson, Chris H Wendt
BACKGROUND: Oral taxa are often found in the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) lung microbiota, but it is not clear if this is due to a physiologic process such as aspiration or experimental contamination at the time of specimen collection. METHODS: Microbiota samples were obtained from nine subjects with mild or moderate COPD by swabbing lung tissue and upper airway sites during lung lobectomy. Lung specimens were not contaminated with upper airway taxa since they were obtained surgically...
January 9, 2018: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315046/supraglottic-airway-devices-current-and-future-uses
#8
Lloyd E Kwanten, Pradeep Madhivathanan
Supraglottic airway devices have increasingly been used in anaesthesia since their invention in 1982. Now over half of general anaesthetic cases in the UK use them, and they have vital roles in difficult airway algorithms, pre-hospital use and emergency medicine. This article presents the current evidence regarding the complications of these devices, and compares these devices and endotracheal intubation. The technology of the newer generation devices has improved the safety profile, and they may be considered a better choice than endotracheal tubes in some cases...
January 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307026/correlation-of-symptoms-with-bronchoscopic-findings-in-children-with-a-prenatal-diagnosis-of-a-right-aortic-arch-and-left-arterial-duct
#9
Trisha V Vigneswaran, Eva Kapravelou, Aaron J Bell, Andrew Nyman, Kuberan Pushparajah, John M Simpson, Andrew Durward, Vita Zidere
A right aortic arch (RAA) with a left arterial duct (LAD) together encircle the trachea and have the potential to cause tracheobronchial compression and published guidelines recommend bronchoscopy in symptomatic patients. The aim of the study was to describe the incidence of tracheal compression in a cohort of prenatally diagnosed RAA and LAD. Retrospective review of clinical course and imaging of prenatal cases of RAA and LAD assessed with flexible bronchoscopy over an 11-year period. 34 cases of prenatally diagnosed RAA with LAD underwent bronchoscopy at median age of 9 months (range 0...
January 6, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306264/management-of-right-main-bronchial-rupture-with-a-double-lumen-endotracheal-tube-in-a-patient-with-blunt-chest-trauma
#10
Seung Hwan Seol, Woon Jeong Lee, Seon Hee Woo, Dae Hui Kim, Jong Hui Suh
Tracheobronchial disruption is one of the most severe injuries caused by blunt chest trauma. It may cause airway obstruction and resulting life-threatening respiratory deficiency. However, the clinical presentations are variable and frequently difficult to diagnose. We report a case of a previously healthy 16-year-old man with complete right main bronchial transection sustained after a vehicular accident, who had progressive dyspnea, subcutaneous emphysema in the neck and anterior chest wall, and bilateral tension pneumothorax...
December 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301676/severe-macroglossia-after-posterior-fossa-and-craniofacial-surgery-in-children
#11
J Bouaoud, A Joly, A Picard, B Thierry, E Arnaud, S James, I Hennessy, B McGarvey, P Cairet, A Vecchione, E Vergnaud, C Duracher, R H Khonsari
Massive swelling of the tongue can occur after posterior fossa and craniofacial surgery. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the occurrence of such severe postoperative macroglossia, but this phenomenon is still poorly understood. Severe postoperative macroglossia can be a life-threatening condition due to upper airway obstruction. Three cases of severe postoperative macroglossia that occurred after cervical spine, craniofacial, and posterior fossa surgical procedures are reported here. These cases required specialized maxillofacial management and a prolonged stay in the intensive care unit...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299518/an-updated-review-of-pediatric-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy
#12
REVIEW
Lyndy J Wilcox, Mathieu Bergeron, Saranya Reghunathan, Stacey L Ishman
Objectives: Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) involves assessment of the upper airway using a flexible endoscope while patients are in a pharmacologically-induced sleep-like state. The aim of this article is to review the current literature regarding the role of DISE in children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The indications, typical anesthetic protocol, comparison to other diagnostic modalities, scoring systems, and outcomes are discussed. Methods: A comprehensive review of literature regarding pediatric DISE up through May 2017 was performed...
December 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298664/the-prevention-of-delirium-in-elderly-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-podesa-study-protocol-for-a-multi-centre-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Jean Wong, David Lam, Stephen Choi, Mandeep Singh, Naveed Siddiqui, Sanjeev Sockalingam, Frances Chung
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common problem that occurs in 5-50% of elderly individuals following surgery. Patients who develop delirium after surgery are at increased risk for serious complications. Recent studies suggest that patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a sleep disorder characterized by repeated episodes of complete or partial blockage of the upper airway - are at greater risk to develop delirium. OSA is more common in elderly individuals but is often undiagnosed. Identification and treatment of unrecognized OSA may reduce the incidence of postoperative delirium...
January 3, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291467/obstructive-sleep-apnea-as-a-risk-factor-associated-with-difficult-airway-management-a-narrative-review
#14
Siaw May Leong, Akhilesh Tiwari, Frances Chung, David T Wong
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and difficult airway had been studied in various clinical trials but the relationship between the two conditions has not been clearly established. The objective of this narrative review is to determine if OSA is a risk factor associated with difficult airway. DESIGN: The OVID Medline in process, Medline (vis Pub Med), EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science and SCOPUS were searched up to April 2016 using specific keywords...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288649/posterior-airway-changes-following-orthognathic-surgery-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#15
REVIEW
Sophia Gottsauner-Wolf, Johannes Laimer, Emanuel Bruckmoser
PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to describe and compare the different approaches of radiologic posterior airway space (PAS) assessment in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and analyze the correlations of PAS changes with polysomnographically evaluated parameters after orthognathic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this systematic review, a PubMed query was designed to search for original studies radiographically evaluating the PAS in patients before and after orthognathic surgery for treatment of their OSA...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288612/postintubation-tracheoesophageal-fistula-diagnosis-treatment-and-prognosis
#16
Ciprian Bolca, Valerian Păvăloiu, Georgiana Fotache, Mihai Dumitrescu, Andrei Bobocea, Mihai Alexe, Genoveva Cadar, Radu Stoica, Cristian Paleru, Ioan Cordoş
Introduction: Postintubation tracheoesophageal fistula is a severe complication occurring under certain conditions in patients that require prolonged mechanical ventilation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This article focuses on a sample of 11 patients with postintubation tracheoesophageal fistula, operated in our department between 2005 and 2015. The anterior approach with tracheal resection was performed in 10 of these patients, while an atypical surgical technique was preferred in a case involving a large-sized fistula...
November 2017: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287880/revisits-after-pediatric-tracheotomy-airway-concerns-result-in-returns
#17
Sophie Shay, Nina L Shapiro, Neil Bhattacharyya
OBJECTIVES: Children undergoing tracheotomy represent a medically vulnerable patient population, and understanding the reasons for revisiting the hospital setting following tracheotomy is critical for improving the quality of care for these patients. This study aims to investigate the incidence and characteristics of revisits following pediatric tracheotomy. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study using state databases. The State Inpatient Databases and State Emergency Department Databases for California, Florida, Iowa and New York 2010-11 were linked and examined for cases of pediatric tracheotomy (patients < 18...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287862/using-simulators-to-teach-pediatric-airway-procedures-in-an-international-setting
#18
Marissa A Schwartz, Katherine R Kavanagh, Steven J Frampton, Iain A Bruce, Tulio A Valdez
INTRODUCTION: There has been a growing shift towards endoscopic management of laryngeal procedures in pediatric otolaryngology. There still appears to be a shortage of pediatric otolaryngology programs and children's hospitals worldwide where physicians can learn and practice these skills. Laryngeal simulation models have the potential to be part of the educational training of physicians who lack exposure to relatively uncommon pediatric otolaryngologic pathology. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the utility of pediatric laryngeal models to teach laryngeal pathology to physicians at an international meeting...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286529/unanticipated-difficult-airway-management-in-children-the-consensus-statement-of-the-paediatric-anaesthesiology-and-intensive-care-section-and-the-airway-management-section-of-the-polish-society-of-anaesthesiology-and-intensive-therapy-and-the-polish-so
#19
Wojciech Walas, Dawid Aleksandrowicz, Maria Borszewska-Kornacka, Tomasz Gaszyński, Ewa Helwich, Marek Migdał, Andrzej Piotrowski, Grażyna Siejka, Tomasz Szczapa, Alicja Bartkowska-Śniatkowska
Tracheal intubation may be defined as an artificial airway established in order to provide mechanical ventilation of the lungs during surgical procedures under general anaesthesia, treatment in an intensive care unit, as well as in emergency situations. Difficulties encountered during intubation may cause hypoxia, hypoxic brain injury and, in extreme situations, may result in the patient's death. There may be unanticipated and anticipated difficult airway. Children form a specific group of patients as there are significant differences in both anatomy and physiology...
2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284930/obstructive-sleep-apnea
#20
REVIEW
Joseph Arnold, M Sunilkumar, V Krishna, S P Yoganand, M Sathish Kumar, D Shanmugapriyan
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a potentially serious disorder attacking millions of people around the world. Many of these individuals are undiagnosed, and even though diagnosed often exhibit a poor compliance with the use of continuous positive airway pressure at nights, a very effective nonsurgical treatment. A variety of surgical procedures have been proposed to manage and treat OSA. This article throws insights into assessing the sites of obstruction and a number of surgical procedures designed to address OSA...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
keyword
keyword
51019
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"