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mycophenolate mofetil

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469699/mycophenolate-mofetil-as-a-successful-therapy-for-idiopathic-granulomatous-mastitis
#1
Fan Di Xia, Amy Ly, Gideon P Smith
Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a benign chronic inflammatory breast disease of unknown etiology. No consensus exists as to the best therapeutic approach, though treatment choices include antibiotics, drainage, surgical excision, steroids, methotrexate, and observation. Herein we report a case of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis that was refractory to methotrexate and intralesional and systemic steroids but responded well to mycophenolate mofetil 1500mg twice daily. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the effective use of mycophenolate mofetil in idiopathic granulomatous mastitis...
July 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455288/mycophenolate-mofetil-protects-septic-mice-via-the-dual-inhibition-of-inflammatory-cytokines-and-pd-1
#2
Shun-Wei Huang, Hao Chen, Mei-Ling Lu, Jin-Long Wang, Rong-Li Xie, Bing Zhao, Ying Chen, Zhi-Wei Xu, Jian Fei, En-Qiang Mao, Er-Zhen Chen
Due to the imbalance between hyper-inflammation and hypo-inflammation, which are characterized by excessive cytokine productions and programmed death 1 (PD-1) upregulation, respectively, sepsis remains a highly lethal inflammatory syndrome with limited effective therapies. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), an immunosuppressant, has been reported to attenuate various inflammatory diseases. However, the role of MMF in sepsis therapy remains to be elucidated. C57BL-6J mice underwent cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) and were treated either with or without MMF...
February 17, 2018: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453871/examining-the-incidence-and-presentation-of-melanoma-in-the-cardiothoracic-transplant-population
#3
Charles J Puza, Adela R Cardones, Paul J Mosca
Importance: The immunosuppression vital to maintaining transplanted organs comes with an increased incidence of cutaneous neoplasms. Understanding the genesis of malignant melanoma (MM) in transplant subpopulations is necessary for adequate disease surveillance. Objective: To determine the incidence and timing of presentation of MM in the cardiothoracic (heart and/or lung) transplant (CTT) population. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a retrospective cohort study of 1164 patients who underwent a CTT from 2001 through 2016 with a median follow-up time of 4...
February 16, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452298/treatment-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-igg4-related-disease-using-the-igg4-responder-index
#4
Andreu Fernández-Codina, Blanca Pinilla, Iago Pinal-Fernández, Cristina López, Guadalupe Fraile-Rodríguez, Eva Fonseca-Aizpuru, Iago Carballo, Pilar Brito-Zerón, Carlos Feijóo-Massó, Miguel López-Dupla, Maria Cinta Cid, Fernando Martínez-Valle
BACKGROUND: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an autoimmune disease triggering an inflammatory cascade that leads to fibrosis. Outcome measures are limited and treatment options remain underexplored. OBJECTIVES: To assess the variation of the IgG4 responder index (IgG4-RI) in a cohort of IgG4-RD patients and to explore their treatments and outcomes. METHODS: We studied the clinical phenotype, severity of the disease and response to treatment in an ambispective multicenter cohort study including 14 different hospitals in Spain...
February 13, 2018: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448882/multitarget-therapy-of-mycophenolate-mofetil-and-cyclosporine-a-for-induction-treatment-of-refractory-lupus-nephritis
#5
D Jesus, M Rodrigues, J A P da Silva, L Inês
Standard induction therapy for lupus nephritis (LN) with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) or cyclophosphamide (CYC) is often ineffective. Evidence on rescue induction regimens is scarce. We analyzed efficacy and tolerability of multitarget immunosuppression with MMF and cyclosporine A (CsA) as induction treatment for LN (class III/IV/V) refractory to CYC and/or MMF. We included all six refractory LN patients (class IV = 3, class V = 2, class III = 1) from our 400-patient tertiary Lupus Clinic observed between 2012 and 2015...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448881/outcomes-of-multitarget-therapy-using-mycophenolate-mofetil-and-tacrolimus-for-refractory-or-relapsing-lupus-nephritis
#6
C-B Choi, S Won, S-C Bae
Objectives Outcomes of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have significantly improved over the years. However, when there is major organ involvement, the outcomes can still be unfavorable. Outcomes of multitarget therapy using mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and tacrolimus in patients with SLE who were refractory to standard therapy were assessed. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the Hanyang BAE lupus cohort to identify patients with biopsy-confirmed lupus nephritis (classes III, IV, or V) who failed to either achieve complete response with standard induction therapy or those who had a lupus flare after achieving a complete response with conventional induction therapy and subsequently were switched to multitarget combination therapy with MMF and tacrolimus...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446251/a-novel-technique-for-en-bloc-kidney-transplantation-from-infant-donors-with-extremely-low-body-weight-by-using-the-distal-abdominal-aorta-as-an-outflow-tract
#7
Helong Dai, Longkai Peng, Fenghua Peng, Gongbin Lan, Yu Wang, Jingjing Chen, Lei Liu, Chen Gao, Yong Guo, Chunhua Fang, Manhua Nie, Wang Long, Shaojie Yu
Pediatric kidney donors remain underutilized due to the high risk of postoperative thrombosis. To address this problem, we developed a novel en bloc kidney transplantation technique using donor thoracic aorta and the distal abdominal aorta as inflow and outflow tracts, respectively. Briefly, 8 kidneys from deceased infant donors under 5 months old and with low body weight (1.9-4.9 kg) were transplanted en bloc into 4 pediatric and 4 adult patients. The donor's common iliac artery or external iliac artery was anastomosed to the recipient's distal external iliac artery or inferior epigastric artery, respectively, as an outflow tract...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441742/the-effect-of-mycophenolate-mofetil-versus-cyclosporine-as-combination-therapy-with-low-dose-corticosteroids-in-high-risk-patients-with-idiopathic-membranous-nephropathy-a-multicenter-randomized-trial
#8
Ji Young Choi, Dong Ki Kim, Yang Wook Kim, Tae Hyun Yoo, Jung Pyo Lee, Hyun Chul Chung, Kyu Hyang Cho, Won Suk An, Duk Hyun Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Jang Hee Cho, Chan Duck Kim, Yong Lim Kim, Sun Hee Park
BACKGROUND: Appropriate immunosuppressive therapy for patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (MN) remains controversial. The effect of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) versus cyclosporine (CsA) combined with low-dose corticosteroids was evaluated in patients with idiopathic MN in a multi-center randomized trial (www.ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01282073). METHODS: A total of 39 biopsy-proven idiopathic MN patients with severe proteinuria were randomly assigned to receive MMF combined with low-dose corticosteroids (MMF group) versus CsA combined with low-dose corticosteroids (CsA group), respectively, and followed up for 48 weeks...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436872/renal-transplantation-in-anti-neutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-vasculitis
#9
Duvuru Geetha, Sam Kant
Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV) has the propensity to acquire a devastating disease course. Despite the advances in therapeutics, a significant proportion of patients progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Renal transplantation is being increasingly employed in this population, with gradual improvement in outcomes over the years, however, recurrence of disease requires constant surveillance and is associated with graft failure. Areas covered: A structured literature search in PubMed and Medline and abstracts of international conferences was performed to identify cases and cohorts of AAV patients who had undergone renal transplantation for ESRD...
February 13, 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433635/-current-and-upcoming-treatments-of-adult-atopic-dermatitis
#10
J-P Lacour
The treatment of atopic dermatitis in adults is based on the use of topical steroids and emollients. When AD is resistant to a well-conducted topical treatment, phototherapy or systemic treatments can be used: ciclosporin, methotrexate, azathioprine or mycophenolate mofetil. The therapeutic landscape of adult AD is about to change and even be revolutionized by the imminent arrival of new treatments: topical phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors, topical or systemic JAK inhibitors, anti-IL-4 and/or antiIL-13 biotherapies (dupilumab, tralokinumab, lebrikizumab), anti-IL-31 (nemolizumab), anti-TSLP...
December 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429204/-small-vessel-childhood-primary-angiitis-of-the-central-nervous-system-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
J Deng, F Fang, X H Wang, M Ge, L J He, N Zhang
Objective: To summarize the clinical and pathological features of small vessel-childhood primary angiitis of the central nervous system (SV-cPACNS), discuss the immune therapy and increase the attention to brain biopsy in SV-cPACNS. Methods: The clinical data, pathology of brain biopsy, treatment and outcome of an SV-cPACNS patient hospitalized in Beijing Children's Hospital in February 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. The cases reported at Pubmed, CNKI and Wanfang databases from 2007 to 2017 were searched, the clinical and pathological features, immunotherapy and prognosis of the disease were summarized according to the literature review...
February 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427741/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-markers-of-mycophenolic-acid-associated-with-effective-prophylaxis-for-acute-graft-versus-host-disease-and-neutrophil-engraftment-in-cord-blood-transplant-patients
#12
Kazuaki Yoshimura, Ikuko Yano, Takashi Yamamoto, Tadakazu Kondo, Misaki Kawanishi, Yui Isomoto, Atsushi Yonezawa, Akifumi Takaori-Kondo, Kazuo Matsubara
Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is a pro-drug of mycophenolic acid (MPA) and is frequently used to prevent acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in patients receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplants (HCT). However, optimal doses of MMF and target MPA concentrations in HCT patients have not been defined. In this study, relationships between pharmacokinetic or pharmacodynamic markers of MPA and successful aGVHD prevention and neutrophil engraftment were evaluated to inform individualized MPA treatments in HCT patients...
February 7, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423200/idiopathic-membranous-nephropathy-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-quandary
#13
Dharmendra Bhadauria, Anand Chellappan, Anupma Kaul, Praveen Etta, Vinay Badri, Raj Kumar Sharma, Narayan Prasad, Amit Gupta, Manoj Jain
Background: Proteinuria and renal dysfunction is common in diabetic patients and may occur due to variety of causes. Nondiabetic renal diseases (NDRD) account for 30% of the renal biopsies, and idiopathic membranous nephropathy (iMN) is a common non diabetic glomerular disease that can exist alone or in combination with diabetic nephropathy (DN). Immunosuppressants used in iMN may be associated with complications of worsening glycemic control and recurrent infections. There is a paucity of literature on the clinical course, outcomes and treatment adverse effects of patients with iMN and diabetes...
February 2018: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412158/allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-for-gata2-deficiency-using-a-busulfan-based-regimen
#14
Mark Parta, Nirali N Shah, Kristin Baird, Hind Rafei, Katherine R Calvo, Thomas Hughes, Kristen Cole, Meg Kenyon, Bazetta Blacklock Schuver, Jennifer Cuellar-Rodriguez, Christa S Zerbe, Steven M Holland, Dennis D Hickstein
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) reverses the bone marrow failure syndrome due to GATA2 deficiency. The intensity of conditioning required to achieve reliable engraftment and prevent relapse remains unclear. Here, we describe the results of a prospective study of HSCT in 22 patients with GATA2 deficiency using a busulfan-based conditioning regimen. The study includes 2 matched related donor (MRD) recipients, 13 matched unrelated donor (URD) recipients, and 7 haploidentical related donor (HRD) recipients...
February 2, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410944/clinical-outcomes-observed-among-biopsy-proven-lupus-nephritis-patients-treated-with-mycophenolate-mofetil-as-first-line-therapy
#15
Homa Timlin, Laurence Magder, Michelle Petri
Background and objective The rate of end-stage renal disease from lupus nephritis has not declined, in spite of recent advances in therapeutics, such as mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). To provide insight into rates of the clinical outcomes in current practice after biopsy-proven lupus nephritis, we used a prospective cohort of the patients with newly diagnosed lupus nephritis, treated with MMF and observed their outcomes. Method Twenty systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients who began mycophenolate mofetil shortly after a biopsy-confirmed diagnosis of lupus nephritis were included in the analysis...
December 4, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410343/single-antigen-mismatched-unrelated-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-using-high-dose-post-transplantation-cyclophosphamide-is-a-suitable-alternative-for-patients-lacking-hla-matched-donors
#16
Ana Sofia Jorge, María Suárez-Lledó, Arturo Pereira, Gonzalo Gutierrez, Francesc Fernández-Avilés, Laura Rosiñol, Noemí Llobet, Teresa Solano, Álvaro Urbano-Ispízua, Montserrat Rovira, Carmen Martínez
The optimal prophylaxis regimen for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in the setting of mismatched unrelated donor (MMUD) allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) is not defined. The use of high-dose post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) in haploidentical transplantation has proven feasible and effective in overcoming the negative impact of HLA-disparity on survival. We hypothesized that PTCy could also be effective in the setting of MMUD transplantation. We retrospectively analyzed 86 consecutive adult recipients of alloHSCT in our institution, comparing two contemporaneous groups: PTCyMMUD (n=26) vs...
February 1, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406904/comparison-of-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-azathioprine-mycophenolate-mofetil-and-lower-dosages-of-rituximab-among-patients-with-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder
#17
Yang Yang, Chun-Juan Wang, Bao-Jie Wang, Zi-Ling Zeng, Shou-Gang Guo
OBJECTIVE: To observe and compare the efficacy and tolerability of azathioprine (AZA), mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and lower dosages of rituximab (RTX) among patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder. METHODS: In this prospective cohort, AQP4-IgG-seropositive patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) were enrolled and randomly divided into three groups, using AZA, MMF or lower dosages of RTX (defined as 100mg RTX intravenous injection, once per week for 4 consecutive weeks) respectively...
February 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406049/hypocomplementemic-urticarial-vasculitis-syndrome-with-crescentic-glomerulonephritis
#18
Sohail Abdul Salim, Tauqeer Yousuf, Asha Patel, Tibor Fülöp, Mohit Agarwal
Hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis syndrome (HUVS) is a rare autoimmune disease characterized by multiple organ system involvement, including renal disease, with low complement levels. We report the case of a 31-year-old woman who presented with nonspecific symptoms including fatigue, diarrhea, macular rash and abdominal pain with acute renal failure leading to end-stage kidney disease. Laboratory results showed hematuria, nephrotic range proteinuria, worsening creatinine and low C1q levels. Left kidney biopsy showed proliferative glomerulonephritis with crescent formation...
February 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397613/-prognosis-and-its-risk-factors-in-anca-associated-glomerulonephritis-patients-treated-with-initial-renal-replacement-therapy
#19
Y H Chen, X Liu, Z Z Liu, K Li, L Yang, H T Zhang, C H Zeng, F Xu, W X Hu
Objective: To explore the prognosis and its risk factors in anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated glomerulonephritis (AAGN) patients who needed initial renal replacement therapy (RRT). Methods: One hundred patients [54 females, 46 males, with a median age of 54(41, 60) years] with biopsy-proven AAGN and requiring initial RRT between January 1996 and December 2016 in Nanjing Jinling Hospital were included. Intensive immunotherapy indicated that the patients received corticosteroids in combination with cyclophosphamide or mycophenolate mofetil, or immunoadsorption (IA) or double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP)...
January 23, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391252/mycophenolate-mofetil-treatment-of-systemic-sclerosis-reduces-myeloid-cell-numbers-and-attenuates-the-inflammatory-gene-signature-in-skin
#20
Monique Hinchcliff, Diana M Toledo, Jaclyn N Taroni, Tammara A Wood, Jennifer M Franks, Michael S Ball, Aileen Hoffmann, Sapna M Amin, Ainah U Tan, Kevin Tom, Yolanda Nesbeth, Jungwha Lee, Madeleine Ma, Kathleen Aren, Mary A Carns, Patricia A Pioli, Michael L Whitfield
Fewer than half of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) demonstrate modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS) improvement during mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) treatment. To understand the molecular basis for this observation, we extended our prior studies and characterized molecular and cellular changes in skin biopsies from subjects with SSc treated with MMF. Eleven subjects completed ≥24 months of MMF therapy. Two distinct skin gene expression trajectories were observed across six of these subjects. Three of the six subjects showed attenuation of the inflammatory signature by 24 months, paralleling reductions in CCL2 mRNA expression in skin and reduced numbers of macrophages and myeloid dendritic cells in skin biopsies...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
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