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Anna Janhsen, Heidrun Golla, Vanessa Romotzky, Christiane Woopen
BACKGROUND: A multitude of studies have demonstrated a positive effect of spirituality for dealing with difficult situations in life; however, specific studies on spirituality in older age are exceptionally rare within the German gerontological research landscape. The theory of gerotranscendence by Tornstam indicates that spirituality is of particular importance for maintaining life satisfaction especially in older age, due to a change in perspective. OBJECTIVES: This study looked into the research questions of how spirituality is presented in the oldest old (80 years and older) in Germany and to what extent its characteristics are specific to older age...
April 12, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Lisa F Carver, Diane Buchanan
OBJECTIVES: Successful aging continues to be applied in a variety of contexts and is defined using a number of different constructs. Although previous reviews highlight the multidimensionality of successful aging, a few have focused exclusively on non-biomedical factors, as was done here. METHODS: This scoping review searched Ovid Medline database for peer-reviewed English-language articles published between 2006 and 2015, offering a model of successful aging and involving research with older adults...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Arjan W Braam, Henrike Galenkamp, Peter Derkx, Marja J Aartsen, Dorly J H Deeg
OBJECTIVES: Gerotranscendence is defined as a transition from a materialistic and rationalistic perspective to a more cosmic and transcendent view of life accompanying the aging process. Would gerotranscendence levels still increase in later life? The current prospective study investigates 10-year trajectories of cosmic transcendence (a core dimension of gerotranscendence). METHODS: Four interview cycles of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam with 3-year intervals from 1995 to 2006 provide data on cosmic transcendence, demographics (ages 57-85), religiousness, health, sense of mastery, and humor coping...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
Håkan Nilsson, Pia H Bülow, Ali Kazemi
The primary aim of this article is to present a new concept called mindful sustainable aging (MSA), which is informed by mindfulness practices that support the physical, the mental, and especially, the social and the existential dimensions of old life. The concept of MSA is discussed and compared with four influential psychosocial theories in the field of gerontology, i.e., activity theory, disengagement theory, successful aging theory and gerotranscendence theory. The article ends with reviewing research on how mindfulness practice can help to manage, diminish and/or improve a number of serious physical conditions that are common among older people...
August 2015: Europe's Journal of Psychology
Gabriel Hz Wong, Philip Lk Yap
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
Samuel R Nyman, Paulina Szymczynska
AIMS: Dementia is being increasingly recognised as a major public health issue for our ageing populations. A critical aspect of supporting people with dementia is facilitating their participation in meaningful activities. However, research to date has not drawn on theories of ageing from developmental psychology that would help undergird the importance of such meaningful activity. For the first time, we connect existing activity provision for people with dementia with developmental psychology theories of ageing...
March 2016: Perspectives in Public Health
Yen-Chun Lin, Chi-Jane Wang, Jing-Jy Wang
BACKGROUND: Caregivers in long-term care (LTC) facilities have to uphold a positive attitude toward the elderly, so they will be more willing to provide the elderly with care of higher quality. Theory of Gerotranscendence is a theory which can assist the elderly in developing more mature and intellectual state of mind. It is hoped that the caregivers who receive gerotranscendence education may apply its concept to the care for the elderly. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of the gerotranscendence educational program on caregivers' gerotranscendence recognition, attitude towards aging, and behavioral intention towards caring for the elderly...
January 2016: Nurse Education Today
Jeffrey A Buchanan, Duc Lai, Donald Ebel
Within the field of gerontology, several different theories have attempted to explain common psychological and social changes associated with the aging process. The Theory of Gerotranscendence is one such theory which purports that a shift in meta-perspective from a more materialistic and pragmatic view of the world to a more cosmic and transcendent one occurs as we age. Corresponding with this shift in meta-perspective, the individual exhibits certain behaviors that could be mistaken as signs of psychopathology if viewed based on the assumptions of more culturally-assimilated theories of aging...
August 2015: Journal of Aging Studies
Albert J Jewell
Lars Tornstam's attractive theory that there is an ultimate developmental stage that is the perquisite of the very old has caused controversy and generated a large volume of literature. In this article, Tornstam's threefold categorisation of gerotranscendence (cosmic, coherence and solitude) and the relationship of his model with that of disengagement and with Erikson's developmental theory are examined. Consideration is given to the following questions: Is gerotranscendence really age-related, and is it really universal rather than culturally or personality dependent? The overlap of the theory with a multiplicity of other constructs is reviewed...
August 2014: Journal of Aging Studies
Meredith Troutman-Jordan, Julie Staples
The purpose of this study was to investigate older adults' perceptions of successful aging within the context of the theory of successful aging to validate and further inform this theory. This research was a secondary, qualitative analysis of data from two earlier studies in which participants were asked to provide a response to the open-ended question, "What does successful aging mean to you?" Content analysis using multiple coding was independently conducted by the investigators. Eight broad themes emerged: active independence, relationships with people, relationship with God, comfort resources, health, beneficial contribution, positive perspective/coping, and freedom...
2014: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
Christina Melin-Johansson, Ulrika Eriksson, Inger Segerbäck, Sara Boström
AIM: To explore experiences of ageing in older people living in nursing homes, based on the gerotranscendence theory. METHOD: Interviews were held with 14 people aged between 80 and 96 years. The results were analysed using content analysis. FINDINGS: The findings were divided into three categories: the self, the cosmic dimension, and social and personal relationships. These three categories were underpinned by eight subcategories. Most participants described improved knowledge about themselves, decreased concern about body and appearance, acceptance and appreciation of life, and less regard for social norms...
February 2014: Nursing Older People
Sanna Read, Arjan W Braam, Tiina-Mari Lyyra, Dorly J H Deeg
OBJECTIVES: Gerotranscendence has been defined as a developmental shift in meta-perspective from a materialistic and pragmatic view to a more cosmic and transcendent view. Although gerotranscendence has been argued to increase with age and life experiences, the results have been mixed and based on cross-sectional studies. We use a longitudinal setting to investigate the role of negative life events, age, and gender on change in one dimension of gerotranscendence, cosmic transcendence...
2014: Aging & Mental Health
Kazumi Hoshino, Steven H Zarit, Makoto Nakayama
This study developed the Japanese version of the gerotranscendence scale type 2 (the GST2) and examined reliability and validity of the scale. In Japan, 525 community-dwelling older adults (male = 260, female = 265) answered a questionnaire. An exploratory factor analysis of the Japanese version of the GST2 revealed the same three-factor structure including the Dimensions of the Cosmic, the Coherence, and the Solitude, which had been reported by Tornstam with the omission of item 1. Reliability and construct validity of the Japanese version of the GST2 were confirmed...
2012: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
Chaya Greenberger
The Swedish sociologist Tornstam perceives old age as the peak of human maturation whose favorable culmination is gerotranscendence. The latter is characterized by breaking out of one's finite existence and uniting with a greater world with respect to past, present, and future. Tornstam relates to gerotranscendent roots in Eastern cultures; this study will examine how gerotranscendence finds expression in Jewish sources. Varied Jewish texts speak to how the wisdom that accrues from life experience enables one to rise above physical decline and enrich relationships via self, fellow man, and cosmos...
June 2012: Journal of Religion and Health
Jing-Jy Wang, Yun-Hsuan Lin, Ling-Yu Hsieh
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research was to test the clinical use of the gerotranscendence (GT) theory and its influence on GT perspective, depression, and life satisfaction among a group of institutionalized elders. METHODS: An experimental study utilizing pre-post group design and random assignment of elders into intervention and control group was conducted. The intervention support group was implemented in the experimental group once a week for eight weeks for 60 min...
July 1, 2011: Aging & Mental Health
Jing-Jy Wang
AIMS: This paper is a report of a study to determine the bio-psycho-socio-spiritual factors influencing the development towards gerotranscendence in institutionalized older people. Physical ability, depressive symptoms, social network support, meaning of life and life satisfaction were examined through a structured equation modelling approach. BACKGROUND: Older people's pursuit of gerotranscendence is believed to facilitate successful ageing and late-life growth...
December 2011: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Doris M Bohman, Neltjie C van Wyk, Sirkka-Liisa Ekman
This focused ethnographic study aimed to illuminate a group of South Africans' experiences of being old and of care and caring in a transitional period. With a growing number of older people in Africa, studies on the individual experiences may help to develop care which is more sensitively based on the needs for older people in a changing Southern Africa context. Data were collected through group and individual in-depth interviews and participant observations which involved 16 individuals, aged 52-76. Data were analysed using a qualitative content analysis...
September 2011: International Journal of Older People Nursing
Barbro Wadensten, Marianne Carlsson
This article presents an intervention involving introduction of the theory of gerotranscendence and practical guidelines derived from the theory. A qualitative method was used with triangulation of methods in data collection and analysis. Both the theory of gerotranscendence and the theory of innovation were used as frameworks in the analysis. Introducing this new perspective constituted an abstract intervention. It involved nursing staff changing their interpretations and values with respect to ageing and their treatment of older people in ways not compatible with extant values...
December 2007: International Journal of Older People Nursing
Barbro Wadensten, Marianne Carlsson
Aim.  The aims of this article were to describe both how guidelines were derived from the theory of gerotranscendence and the actual guidelines. It also discusses the relevance of guidelines to practice. Background.  This article describes how guidelines were derived from the theory of gerotranscendence as well as the content of the guidelines and how they could be used. The view of ageing introduced by the theory may have several consequences for nursing staff members' attitudes and treatment of older people, as it offers a new understanding of living in old age...
December 2007: International Journal of Older People Nursing
Barbro Wadensten
Introduction.  This article outlines the theory of gerotranscendence - a psychosocial theory of ageing developed by Lars Tornstam, a Swedish Sociology professor. Description of the theory.  Through his theory of gerotranscendence, Tornstam has introduced a new understanding of ageing, stating that human development is a life-long process that continues into old age and that, when optimized, ends in a new perspective. The theory of gerotranscendence focuses on two phenomena: the old person and the ageing process itself...
December 2007: International Journal of Older People Nursing
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