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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706599/acute-fulminant-uremic-neuropathy-following-coronary-angiography-mimicking-guillain-barre-syndrome
#1
Kumari Priti, Bhanwar Ranwa
A 55-year-old diabetic woman suffered a posterior wall ST-elevation myocardial infarction. She developed contrast-induced nephropathy following coronary angiography. Acute fulminant uremic neuropathy was precipitated which initially mimicked Guillan-Barre Syndrome, hence reported.
April 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694624/neuropsychiatric-manifestations-of-scrub-typhus
#2
REVIEW
Sanjay K Mahajan, Sanyam K Mahajan
Scrub typhus is caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi characterized by focal or disseminated vasculitis and perivasculitis which may involve the lungs, heart, liver, spleen and central nervous system. It was thought to have been eradicated from India. Recently it is being reported from many areas of India. The clinical picture and severity of the symptoms varies widely. The neurological manifestations of scrub typhus are not uncommon but are diverse. Meningoencephalitis is classical manifestation of scrub typhus but cerebellitis, cranial nerve palsies, plexopathy, transverse myelitis, neuroleptic malignant syndrome and Guillan-Barré syndrome are other manifestations reported in literature...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448605/vasopressor-use-following-traumatic-injury-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#3
Mathieu Hylands, Marie-Pier Godbout, Sandeep K Mayer, William D Fraser, Alain Vanasse, Marc-André Leclair, Alexis F Turgeon, François Lauzier, Emmanuel Charbonney, Vincent Trottier, Tarek S Razek, André Roy, Frédérick D'Aragon, Emilie Belley-Côté, Andrew G Day, Soazig Le Guillan, Robert Sabbagh, François Lamontagne
OBJECTIVES: Vasopressors are not recommended by current trauma guidelines, but recent reports indicate that they are commonly used. We aimed to describe the early hemodynamic management of trauma patients outside densely populated urban centers. METHODS: We conducted a single-center retrospective cohort study in a Canadian regional trauma center. All adult patients treated for traumatic injury in 2013 who died within 24 hours of admission or were transferred to the intensive care unit were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444557/overview-on-the-current-status-of-zika-virus-pathogenesis-and-animal-related-research
#4
REVIEW
Shashank S Pawitwar, Supurna Dhar, Sneham Tiwari, Chet Raj Ojha, Jessica Lapierre, Kyle Martins, Alexandra Rodzinski, Tiyash Parira, Iru Paudel, Jiaojiao Li, Rajib Kumar Dutta, Monica R Silva, Ajeet Kaushik, Nazira El-Hage
There is growing evidence that Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is linked with activation of Guillan-Barré syndrome (GBS) in adults infected with the virus and microcephaly in infants following maternal infection. With the recent outpour in publications by numerous research labs, the association between microcephaly in newborns and ZIKV has become very apparent in which large numbers of viral particles were found in the central nervous tissue of an electively aborted microcephalic ZIKV-infected fetus. However, the underlying related mechanisms remain poorly understood...
September 2017: Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology: the Official Journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102025/the-direct-referral-to-endovascular-center-criteria-a-proposal-for-pre-hospital-evaluation-of-acute-stroke-in-the-madrid-stroke-network
#5
J Rodríguez-Pardo, B Fuentes, M Alonso de Leciñana, Á Ximénez-Carrillo, G Zapata-Wainberg, J Álvarez-Fraga, F J Barriga, L Castillo, J Carneado-Ruiz, J Díaz-Guzman, J Egido-Herrero, A de Felipe, J Fernández-Ferro, L Frade-Pardo, Á García-Gallardo, A García-Pastor, A Gil-Núñez, C Gómez-Escalonilla, M Guillán, Y Herrero-Infante, J Masjuan-Vallejo, M Á Ortega-Casarrubios, J Vivancos-Mora, E Díez-Tejedor
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: For patients with acute ischaemic stroke due to large-vessel occlusion, it has recently been shown that mechanical thrombectomy (MT) with stent retrievers is better than medical treatment alone. However, few hospitals can provide MT 24 h/day 365 days/year, and it remains unclear whether selected patients with acute stroke should be directly transferred to the nearest MT-providing hospital to prevent treatment delays. Clinical scales such as Rapid Arterial Occlusion Evaluation (RACE) have been developed to predict large-vessel occlusion at a pre-hospital level, but their predictive value for MT is low...
March 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034744/extended-substrate-specificity-and-first-potent-irreversible-inhibitor-activity-based-probe-design-for-zika-virus-ns2b-ns3-protease
#6
Wioletta Rut, Linlin Zhang, Paulina Kasperkiewicz, Marcin Poreba, Rolf Hilgenfeld, Marcin Drąg
Zika virus is spread by Aedes mosquitoes and is linked to acute neurological disorders, especially to microcephaly in newborn children and Guillan-Barré Syndrome. The NS2B-NS3 protease of this virus is responsible for polyprotein processing and therefore considered an attractive drug target. In this study, we have used the Hybrid Combinatorial Substrate Library (HyCoSuL) approach to determine the substrate specificity of ZIKV NS2B-NS3 protease in the P4-P1 positions using natural and a large spectrum of unnatural amino acids...
December 26, 2016: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800000/spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematoma-coexisting-guillan-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-in-a-child-a-case-report
#7
Chi Hyung Lee, Geun Sung Song, Young Ha Kim, Dong Wuk Son, Sang Weon Lee
Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) has been reported as a rare cause of spinal cord compression, especially in children. Clinical features are usually nonspecific, although cervicothoracic location of hematoma could be presented with progressive paraplegia. Guillian-Barré syndrome (GBS) is clinically defined as an acute peripheral neuropathy causing progressive limb weakness. Because SSEH and GBS have very similar signs and symptoms, SSEH could be misdiagnosed as GBS. Nevertheless, they can be presented together...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721110/an-updated-review-of-zika-virus
#8
REVIEW
Abdelrahman Ibrahim Abushouk, Ahmed Negida, Hussien Ahmed
The current outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) in South America is one of the most serious public health emergencies since the Ebola outbreak of West Africa [2014]. ZIKV belongs to the flaviviridae family and has two lineages (Asian and African). The virus was first discovered in Uganda [1947] and the first human infection was identified in Nigeria [1952]. The current epidemic is the third of its type after that of Yap Island, Micronesia [2007] and French Polynesia [2013]. Phylogenetic studies revealed that the current strain shares about 99...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477576/guillan-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-following-scrub-typus-two-case-reports
#9
REVIEW
Katsuya Sakai, Nobuyuki Ishii, Yuka Ebihara, Hitoshi Mochizuki, Kazutaka Shiomi, Masamitsu Nakazato
Case 1: A 66-year-old man was admitted because of progressive gait disturbance and dysphagia after developing red rash. He was diagnosed as Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and treated by intravenous immunoglobulin therapy (IVIg). Two weeks later, he could swallow and walk without any abnormalities. Case 2: A 58-year-old woman was admitted because of gait disturbance, bilateral peripheral facial nerve palsies, and respiratory failure one week after developing fever and rash. She was diagnosed as GBS and treated with IVIg...
August 31, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105768/the-syndrome-of-transient-headache-and-neurological-deficits-with-cerebrospinal-fluid-lymphocytosis-mimicking-an-acute-stroke
#10
M Guillan, A DeFelipe-Mimbrera, A Alonso-Canovas, M C Matute, R Vera, A Cruz-Culebras, N Garcia-Barragan, J Masjuan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The syndrome of transient headache and neurological deficits with cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytosis (HaNDL) can present as sudden onset of focal neurological deficits which are clinically and radiologically indistinguishable from an ischaemic stroke. Its diagnosis requires a lumbar puncture (LP), which contraindicates intravenous thrombolytic therapy (IV-tPA). METHODS: All patients referred to our stroke centre as a stroke code resulting in a final diagnosis of HaNDL syndrome from June 2005 to June 2015 were retrospectively analysed...
July 2016: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26290856/outcomes-of-traumatic-aortic-injury-in-a-primary-open-surgical-approach-paradigm
#11
Jessica Forcillo, Michel Philie, Andrea Ojanguren, Soazig Le Guillan, Alain Verdant, Philippe Demers, Yoan Lamarche
BACKGROUND: Multiple classifications can be used to define the magnitude of aortic injury. The Vancouver Classification (VC) is a new and simplified computed tomography-based Blunt Aortic Injury (BAI) grading system correlating with clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are: 1) to describe the severity of aortic injury in a center with a predominantly surgical approach to BAI; 2) to correlate the severity of aortic trauma to hospital survival rate and rate of adverse events according to the type of interventions performed during the hospital stay; and 3) to evaluate VC...
May 2015: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26266339/the-usefulness-of-immunotherapy-in-pediatric-neurodegenerative-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-literature-data
#12
REVIEW
Giovanna Vitaliti, Omidreza Tabatabaie, Nassim Matin, Caterina Ledda, Piero Pavone, Riccardo Lubrano, Agostino Serra, Paola Di Mauro, Salvatore Cocuzza, Raffaele Falsaperla
Immunotherapeutic strategies to treat neurodegenerative disorders have inspired the scientific community. The aim of our review is to address the translational aspects of neuroimmunology to describe the efficacy of immunotherapy in the treatment of pediatric neurodegenerative disorders. In the studies we analyzed IVIG were found to be efficient in the treatment of post-streptococcal neurodegenerative disorders, even if in PANDAS, plasma-exchange (PE) showed a higher efficiency. IVIG were also successfully used in ADEM and Guillan-Barré syndrome...
2015: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25955374/about-an-unusual-association-of-guillan-barre-syndrome-and-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#13
Hafaoua Daghfous, Haifa Zaibi, Fatma Tritar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2015: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25926070/simulation-in-neurology
#14
Giuseppe Micieli, Anna Cavallini, Paola Santalucia, Gianfranco Gensini
Simulation is a frontier for disseminating knowledge in almost all the fields of medicine and it is attracting growing interest because it offers a means of developing new teaching and training models, as well as of verifying what has been learned in a critical setting that simulates clinical practice. The role of simulation in neurology, until now limited by the obvious physical limitations of the dummies used to train students and learners, is now increasing since, today, it allows anamnestic data to be related to the instrumental evidence necessary for diagnosis and therapeutic decision-making, i...
October 2015: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25728952/reliability-of-the-minimum-basic-dataset-for-diagnoses-of-cerebrovascular-disease
#15
I Hernández Medrano, M Guillán, J Masjuan, A Alonso Cánovas, M A Gogorcena
INTRODUCTION: The minimum basic dataset is the largest available hospital care administrative database that is used in clinical studies and hospital management in association with diagnosis-related groups (DRGs). In 2011, the quality of the national MBDS in hospital discharges was audited, in order to assess its reliability. This paper presents a sub-analysis of the results from that analysis which are referred to cerebrovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: Using all discharge reports from the Spanish MBDS in 2009, a representative sample was obtained by stratified sampling and 11 209 records were evaluated...
March 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25710688/-neurological-health-care-activity-in-a-recently-created-district-hospital-model-of-high-efficiency
#16
Félix J Jiménez-Jiménez, José F Plaza-Nieto, Francisco Navacerrada, Hortensia Alonso-Navarro, Belén Pilo-de-la-Fuente, Margarita Arroyo-Solera, Marta Guillán, Marisol Calleja, Dolores Moreno-Puertas
AIM: To analyze the neurological attention of a county hospital of recent creation, with a special emphasis in the health care indicators, both in hospital out-patients consultations and in patients admitted to the hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We have made a descriptive analysis of the neurological attention developed by our Neurology Section between the years 2008 and 2013. We also made a comparative analysis of health care indicators corresponding to the years 2012 and 2013 (5th and 6th years of clinical activity) of our hospital with those of two other hospitals with similar features, other three hospitals of secondary level, and four of tertiary level...
March 1, 2015: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25425362/sonography-for-diagnosis-of-parkinson-disease-from-theory-to-practice-a-study-on-300-participants
#17
Araceli Alonso-Cánovas, José Luis López-Sendón, Javier Buisán, Alicia deFelipe-Mimbrera, Marta Guillán, Nuria García-Barragán, Iñigo Corral, María Consuelo Matute-Lozano, Jaime Masjuan, Juan Carlos Martínez-Castrillo, Uwe Walter
OBJECTIVES: Hyperechogenicity of the substantia nigra on transcranial sonography is used for diagnosing Parkinson disease (PD). Cutoff values for the substantia nigra echogenic area, defining substantia nigra hyperechogenicity, vary among ultrasound systems from different manufacturers. In this study we wanted to determine the cutoff criterion for a Toshiba (Tokyo, Japan) system and to assess its diagnostic value. METHODS: Three hundred participants (controls, n = 138; patients with PD, n = 105; and patients with essential tremor, n = 57) underwent transcranial sonography following a standardized protocol...
December 2014: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25217065/central-nervous-system-involvement-in-adult-patients-with-invasive-infection-caused-by-streptococcus-agalactiae
#18
B Oyanguren, L Esteban, M Guillán, A de Felipe, A Alonso Cánovas, E Navas, C Quereda, I Corral
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus agalactiae is frequently an asymptomatic coloniser and a cause of neonatal and puerperal sepsis. Infections in nonpregnant adults are uncommon. The frequency of neurological complications caused by invasive infection with this microorganism in adults remains unknown. Here, we study the frequency and characteristics of central nervous system (CNS) involvement in adults with invasive S. agalactiae infection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Review of all adults with invasive S...
April 2015: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25207134/a-rare-form-of-guillan-barre-syndrome-a-child-diagnosed-with-anti-gd1a-and-anti-gd1b-positive-pharyngeal-cervical-brachial-variant
#19
Metin Uysalol, Burak Tatlı, Nedret Uzel, Agop Cıtak, Erhan Aygün, Semra Kayaoğlu
BACKGROUND: Pharyngeal-cervical-brachial (PCB) variant is a rare form of Guillan-Barre Syndrome (GBS). Antibodies against other membrane proteins like GM1b and GD1a have been found only in a small number of patients with Guillan Barre syndrome variant. CASE REPORT: Here, we report a 5.5 year-old boy diagnosed early with positive GD1a and GD1b gangliosides of Guillan-Barre syndrome pharyngeal cervical-Brachial variant, who improved and recovered fully in a short period...
September 2013: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25177591/role-of-csf-ck-ldh-ggtp-enzyme-levels-in-diagnostic-and-prognostic-evaluation-of-meningitis
#20
Purna Chandra Dash, Debasish Patro
BACKGROUND: Aetiological diagnosis for meningitis remains a challenge and often a thorough Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination may not give a precise diagnosis as at times CSF findings may simulate meningitis like picture as in carcinomatous meningitis, chemical meningitis, early stages of Guillan bare syndrome, subarachnoid hemorrhage, ICSOL, brain abscess, intracranial extension of epidural or subdural infection. Lesions of tissue rich in enzymes may cause enzymatic release on tissue destruction, so also in meningitis and many enzymes are known to be present in abundance in nervous system...
July 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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