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Melatonin meta-analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904507/adjunctive-melatonin-for-tardive-dyskinesia-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-meta-analysis
#1
Chen-Hui Sun, Wei Zheng, Xin-Hu Yang, Dong-Bin Cai, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Hai-Yan Li, Yu-Jie Wu, Yu-Ping Ning, Yu-Tao Xiang
BACKGROUND: Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is characterized by abnormal and involuntary movements. Importantly, TD could cause considerable personal suffering and social and physical disabilities. AIMS: This meta-analysis based on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) systematically assessed the therapeutic effect and tolerability of melatonin for TD in schizophrenia. METHODS: A computerized and systematical search of both Chinese (Wanfang Data, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), SINOMED) and English (PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane Library databases) databases, from their inception until June 8, 2017, was conducted by two independent authors...
June 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879649/melatonin-receptor-1b-gene-polymorphism-rs10830963-and-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-among-a-chinese-population-a-meta-analysis-of-association-studies
#2
Xiaolin Lu, Xiuying Yao, Xinli Liu, Yu Xin, Linlin Zhao, Zhen Wang, Mingming Cui, Lihua Wu, Shaofang Shangguan, Shaoyan Chang, Ting Zhang, Li Wang
INTRODUCTION: Studies have been conducted to investigate the association between rs10830963 of MTNR1B and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), but with inconclusive results. We aimed to clarify these controversies, especially with regard to the association in the Chinese population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systemic literature reference search inclusive to August 12, 2016 yielded 35 articles, from which 11 studies met the inclusion criteria for the final meta-analysis, including 3889 patients with GDM and 6708 controls...
September 7, 2017: Endokrynologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858007/the-management-of-sleep-disorders-in-dementia-an-update
#3
Kirsi M Kinnunen, Anastasia Vikhanova, Gill Livingston
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sleep disorders in dementia cause distress and may lead to families being unable to care for someone with dementia at home. Recent Cochrane reviews found no interventions of proven effectiveness. There was no effect of light therapy and moderate evidence that melatonin was ineffective both given without knowledge of the patient's circadian rhythm. The current article updates this review by considering newer publications on interventions for sleep disorders or abnormalities of the sleep-wake cycle in people with dementia living in the community...
November 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835510/a-systematic-review-of-performance-enhancing-pharmacologicals-and-biotechnologies-in-the-army
#4
REVIEW
Henry Ko, K E Hunter, A M Scott, M Ayson, M L Willson
INTRODUCTION: In 2015, the Australian Army commissioned a systematic review to assess the evidence on effectiveness and safety of pharmacological and biotechnological products for cognitive enhancement specifically in Army personnel. METHODS: Searches for studies examining biotechnological and pharmacological products in Army populations were conducted in December 2015. Cochrane CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and PsycINFO were searched without date or language restrictions...
August 22, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777659/baduanjin-exercise-for-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Yun-Han Jiang, Cheng Tan, Shuai Yuan
BACKGROUND: Baduanjin exercise is thought to improve sleep quality and relieve insomnia. This study therefore aimed to assess the effects of Baduanjin on the management of insomnia. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, Clinicaltrials.gov, WANFANG, the Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Biomedical and Medical Database (CBM), and the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry to identify all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and prospective controlled trials on the efficacy of Baduanjin for insomnia...
August 4, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752910/antioxidants-for-female-subfertility
#6
REVIEW
Marian G Showell, Rebecca Mackenzie-Proctor, Vanessa Jordan, Roger J Hart
BACKGROUND: A couple may be considered to have fertility problems if they have been trying to conceive for over a year with no success. This may affect up to a quarter of all couples planning a child. It is estimated that for 40% to 50% of couples, subfertility may result from factors affecting women. Antioxidants are thought to reduce the oxidative stress brought on by these conditions. Currently, limited evidence suggests that antioxidants improve fertility, and trials have explored this area with varied results...
July 28, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706222/urinary-6-sulfatoxymelatonin-level-and-breast-cancer-risk-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Jing Xu, Lei Huang, Guo-Ping Sun
6-Sulfatoxymelatonin (aMT6s) is the main metabolite of melatonin in urine, and is a reliable surrogate biomarker reflecting the blood melatonin concentration. This meta-analysis assessed the association between urinary aMT6s level and BC incidence. The electronic databases PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were searched. Risk ratios (RRs) were adopted to estimate the relative BC incidence. A total of 7 prospective case-control publications were included, and 6 of them were distinct studies...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648359/evidence-for-the-efficacy-of-melatonin-in-the-treatment-of-primary-adult-sleep-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Fiona Auld, Emily L Maschauer, Ian Morrison, Debra J Skene, Renata L Riha
Melatonin is a physiological hormone involved in sleep timing and is currently used exogenously in the treatment of primary and secondary sleep disorders with empirical evidence of efficacy, but very little evidence from randomised, controlled studies. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the evidence base for the therapeutic effects of exogenous melatonin in treating primary sleep disorders. An electronic literature review search of MEDLINE (1950-present) Embase (1980- present), PsycINFO (1987- present), and Scopus (1990- present), along with a hand-searching of key journals was performed in July 2013 and then again in May 2015...
July 20, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272467/meta-analysis-identifies-novel-risk-loci-and-yields-systematic-insights-into-the-biology-of-male-pattern-baldness
#9
Stefanie Heilmann-Heimbach, Christine Herold, Lara M Hochfeld, Axel M Hillmer, Dale R Nyholt, Julian Hecker, Asif Javed, Elaine G Y Chew, Sonali Pechlivanis, Dmitriy Drichel, Xiu Ting Heng, Ricardo C-H Del Rosario, Heide L Fier, Ralf Paus, Rico Rueedi, Tessel E Galesloot, Susanne Moebus, Thomas Anhalt, Shyam Prabhakar, Rui Li, Stavroula Kanoni, George Papanikolaou, Zoltán Kutalik, Panos Deloukas, Michael P Philpott, Gérard Waeber, Tim D Spector, Peter Vollenweider, Lambertus A L M Kiemeney, George Dedoussis, J Brent Richards, Michael Nothnagel, Nicholas G Martin, Tim Becker, David A Hinds, Markus M Nöthen
Male-pattern baldness (MPB) is a common and highly heritable trait characterized by androgen-dependent, progressive hair loss from the scalp. Here, we carry out the largest GWAS meta-analysis of MPB to date, comprising 10,846 early-onset cases and 11,672 controls from eight independent cohorts. We identify 63 MPB-associated loci (P<5 × 10(-8), METAL) of which 23 have not been reported previously. The 63 loci explain ∼39% of the phenotypic variance in MPB and highlight several plausible candidate genes (FGF5, IRF4, DKK2) and pathways (melatonin signalling, adipogenesis) that are likely to be implicated in the key-pathophysiological features of MPB and may represent promising targets for the development of novel therapeutic options...
March 8, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258648/effectiveness-of-sleep-based-interventions-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-meta-synthesis
#10
Belinda M Cuomo, Sharmila Vaz, Elinda Ai Lim Lee, Craig Thompson, Jessica M Rogerson, Torbjorn Falkmer
Sleep problems are common in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This meta-synthesis collated eight previously published systematic reviews examining the efficacy of sleep interventions in children with ASD in an attempt to present a clear analysis of trialed interventions. The collated reviews consider five major groups of sleep interventions for children with ASD: melatonin therapy, pharmacologic treatments other than melatonin, behavioral interventions, parent education/education programs, and alternative therapies (massage therapy, aromatherapy, and multivitamin and iron supplementation)...
March 4, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065420/effectiveness-of-dietary-supplements-in-spinal-cord-injury-subjects
#11
REVIEW
Angela Navarrete-Opazo, Pilar Cuitiño, Inés Salas
BACKGROUND: Individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) consume more dietary supplements than the general population. However, there is limited information regarding the clinical effectiveness of dietary supplements in SCI population. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the effectiveness of dietary supplements for the prevention or treatment of health-related conditions associated with SCI. METHODS: Randomized or non-randomized controlled clinical trials were selected, comparing the effect of any dose and form of a dietary supplement (defined by the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act), with either no treatment, placebo, or other medication...
April 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897121/role-of-melatonin-in-body-weight-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Seyed-Ali Mostafavi, Shahin Akhondzadeh, Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Abbas-Ali Keshtkar, Saeed Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Fahimeh Ahmadi, Roya Alipour, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
BACKGROUND: Some trials on animals and human claim that melatonin can influence body weight. So we conducted a systematic review of controlled trials of melatonin effects on weight of human subjects. METHODS: First we performed a systematic and comprehensive search in June 2015 on MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, Google scholar, hand searching in key journals, the list of references of selected articles and gray literature. RESULTS: We included 7 clinical trials with a total of 244 patients...
November 29, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851868/pharmacotherapies-for-sleep-disturbances-in-dementia
#13
REVIEW
Jenny McCleery, Daniel A Cohen, Ann L Sharpley
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances, including reduced nocturnal sleep time, sleep fragmentation, nocturnal wandering, and daytime sleepiness are common clinical problems in dementia, and are associated with significant caregiver distress, increased healthcare costs, and institutionalisation. Drug treatment is often sought to alleviate these problems, but there is significant uncertainty about the efficacy and adverse effects of the various hypnotic drugs in this vulnerable population. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects, including common adverse effects, of any drug treatment versus placebo for sleep disorders in people with dementia, through identification and analysis of all relevant randomised controlled trials (RCTs)...
November 16, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27645169/meta-analysis-of-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trials-of-melatonin-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
REVIEW
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Wei Zheng, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Wei Wei, Yu-Tao Xiang
OBJECTIVE: This is a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of the efficacy of melatonin in Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: Both English (PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane Library databases, and the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register) and Chinese (WanFang Database, Chinese Biomedical Database, and China Journal Net) databases were systematically and independently searched by two authors from their inception until 1 March 2016. Weighted and standard mean differences (SMDs), risk ratio (RR) ±95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated...
January 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513702/melatonin-as-add-on-treatment-for-epilepsy
#15
REVIEW
Francesco Brigo, Stanley C Igwe, Alessandra Del Felice
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 6, 2012.Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological disorders. Despite the plethora of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) currently available, 30% of people continue having seizures. This group of people requires a more aggressive treatment, since monotherapy, the first choice scheme, fails to control seizures. Nevertheless, polytherapy often results in a number of unwanted effects, including neurological disturbances (somnolence, ataxia, dizziness), psychiatric and behavioural symptoms, and metabolic alteration (osteoporosis, inducement or inhibition of hepatic enzymes, etc...
August 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473952/pharmacological-interventions-to-improve-sleep-in-hospitalised-adults-a-systematic-review
#16
Salmaan Kanji, Alexandru Mera, Brian Hutton, Lisa Burry, Erin Rosenberg, Erika MacDonald, Vanessa Luks
OBJECTIVES: Patients often suffer from disturbed sleep in hospital. Poor-quality sleep in hospitalised patients has been associated with significant morbidity and pharmacological sleep aids are often prescribed. The objective of this systematic review is to evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of pharmacological interventions used for sleep in hospitalised patients. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane database and grey literature for prospective studies that evaluated sleep in hospitalised adults after a pharmacological intervention...
July 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294772/the-role-of-melatonin-and-melatonin-agonists-in-counteracting-antipsychotic-induced-metabolic-side-effects-a-systematic-review
#17
Hee Ryung Wang, Young Sup Woo, Won-Myong Bahk
This systematic review aims to investigate whether melatonin or melatonin agonists significantly attenuate metabolic side effects among psychiatric populations treated with atypical antipsychotics. Four randomized-controlled trials were identified through a comprehensive literature search using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library on 22 October 2015. These four trials (including three melatonin studies and one ramelteon study) included 138 patients, of whom 71 were treated with melatonin or ramelteon and 67 were treated with a placebo...
November 2016: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26997408/somatic-positive-and-negative-domains-of-the-center-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-ces-d-scale-a-meta-analysis-of-genome-wide-association-studies
#18
A Demirkan, J Lahti, N Direk, A Viktorin, K L Lunetta, A Terracciano, M A Nalls, T Tanaka, K Hek, M Fornage, J Wellmann, M C Cornelis, H M Ollila, L Yu, J A Smith, L C Pilling, A Isaacs, A Palotie, W V Zhuang, A Zonderman, J D Faul, A Sutin, O Meirelles, A Mulas, A Hofman, A Uitterlinden, F Rivadeneira, M Perola, W Zhao, V Salomaa, K Yaffe, A I Luik, Y Liu, J Ding, P Lichtenstein, M Landén, E Widen, D R Weir, D J Llewellyn, A Murray, S L R Kardia, J G Eriksson, K Koenen, P K E Magnusson, L Ferrucci, T H Mosley, F Cucca, B A Oostra, D A Bennett, T Paunio, K Berger, T B Harris, N L Pedersen, J M Murabito, H Tiemeier, C M van Duijn, K Räikkönen
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is moderately heritable, however genome-wide association studies (GWAS) for MDD, as well as for related continuous outcomes, have not shown consistent results. Attempts to elucidate the genetic basis of MDD may be hindered by heterogeneity in diagnosis. The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) scale provides a widely used tool for measuring depressive symptoms clustered in four different domains which can be combined together into a total score but also can be analysed as separate symptom domains...
June 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26986179/melatonin-as-add-on-treatment-for-epilepsy
#19
REVIEW
Francesco Brigo, Stanley C Igwe
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 6, 2012.Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological disorders. Despite the plethora of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) currently available, 30% of people continue having seizures. This group of people requires a more aggressive treatment, since monotherapy, the first choice scheme, fails to control seizures. Nevertheless, polytherapy often results in a number of unwanted effects, including neurological disturbances (somnolence, ataxia, dizziness), psychiatric and behavioural symptoms, and metabolic alteration (osteoporosis, inducement or inhibition of hepatic enzymes, etc...
March 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26967259/interventions-for-preventing-delirium-in-hospitalised-non-icu-patients
#20
REVIEW
Najma Siddiqi, Jennifer K Harrison, Andrew Clegg, Elizabeth A Teale, John Young, James Taylor, Samantha A Simpkins
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common mental disorder, which is distressing and has serious adverse outcomes in hospitalised patients. Prevention of delirium is desirable from the perspective of patients and carers, and healthcare providers. It is currently unclear, however, whether interventions for preventing delirium are effective. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of interventions for preventing delirium in hospitalised non-Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients...
March 11, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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