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Psychological autopsy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716552/the-validity-of-proxy-based-data-on-loneliness-in-suicide-research-a-case-control-psychological-autopsy-study-in-rural-china
#1
Lu Niu, Cunxian Jia, Zhenyu Ma, Guojun Wang, Zhenjun Yu, Liang Zhou
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of evidence for the role of loneliness on suicide using psychological autopsy method, and the validity of proxy informants' reports on loneliness is not well established. This study aimed to investigate the validity of proxy respondent reports on loneliness, and the reliability and validity of the University of California Los Angeles Loneliness Scale-6 (ULS-6) as used in psychological autopsy method with rural elderly people in China. METHODS: Two hundred forty-two suicide cases and 242 normal community controls were selected, and the psychological autopsy method was utilized to collect information...
May 1, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703173/how-to-integrate-proxy-data-from-two-informants-in-life-event-assessment-in-psychological-autopsy
#2
Jie Zhang, Youqing Wang, Le Fang
BACKGROUND: Life event assessment is an important part in psychological autopsy, and how to integrate its proxy data from two informants is a major methodological issue which needs solving. METHODS: Totally 416 living subjects and their two informants were interviewed by psychological autopsy, and life events were assessed with Paykel's Interview for Recent Life Events. Validities of integrated proxy data using six psychological autopsy information reconstruction methods were evaluated, with living subjects' self-reports used as gold-standard criteria...
April 27, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692283/being-left-behind-mental-disorder-and-elderly-suicide-in-rural-china-a-case-control-psychological-autopsy-study
#3
Liang Zhou, Guojun Wang, Cunxian Jia, Zhenyu Ma
BACKGROUND: Suicide rate among rural elderly is the highest among all age groups in China, yet little is known about the suicide risks in this rapidly growing vulnerable population. METHODS: This matched case-control psychological autopsy study was conducted during June 2014 to September 2015. Consecutive samples of suicides aged 60 or above were identified in three provinces (Shandong, Hunan, and Guangxi) in China. Living comparisons were 1:1 matched with the suicides in age (±3 years old), gender, and living location...
April 25, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674599/development-and-a-pilot-application-process-of-the-korean-psychological-autopsy-checklist-for-adolescents
#4
Mina Jeon, Han Nah Cho, Soo Young Bhang, Jun Won Hwang, Eun Jin Park, Yeon Jung Lee
Objective: The aim of the study was to develop the Korean Psychological Autopsy Checklist for Adolescent (K-PAC-A) and conduct a pilot study. Methods: A number of steps were undertaken in the development of the K-PAC-A including literature reviews, consultations, and a pilot study. The Korean psychology autopsy checklist 2.0 (K-PAC 2.0) was carefully reviewed to adopt some domains and questions which can be applied to adolescents. Results: In addition to the adoption of some domains and questions from the K-PAC 2...
April 20, 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666137/the-french-prospective-multisite-registry-on-sudden-unexpected-infant-death-omin-rationale-and-study-protocol
#5
Karine Levieux, Hugues Patural, Inge Harrewijn, Elisabeth Briand Huchet, Sophie de Visme, Géraldine Gallot, Martin Chalumeau, Christèle Gras Le Guen, Matthieu Hanf
INTRODUCTION: Even after 'back-to-sleep' campaigns, sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) continues to be the leading cause of death for infants 1 month to 1 year old in developed countries, with devastating social, psychological and legal implications for families. To sustainably tackle this problem and decrease the number of SUIDs, a French SUID registry was initiated in 2015 to (1) inform prevention with standardised data, (2) understand the mechanisms leading to SUID and the contribution of the already known or newly suggested risk factors and (3) gather a multidisciplinary group of experts to coordinate and develop innovative and urgent research in the SUID area...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665517/depression-and-impulsiveness-among-soldiers-who-died-by-suicide-a-psychological-autopsy-study
#6
Leah Shelef, Neta Korem, Nirit Yavnai, Rinat Yedidya, Keren Ginat, Golan Shahar, Assaf Yacobi
INTRODUCTION: Despite the accumulated knowledge about suicide, suicidal acts remain difficult to predict, and many suicides are acted out impulsively. METHODS: We performed a psychological autopsy study based on inquiries about the deaths of all male soldiers aged 18-21 years who served in the Israeli army and died by suicide between 2009 and 2013 (n = 69). The study population was first divided into two groups: those who had depressive disorder (n = 31); and those who did not (n = 38)...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618271/harmful-or-helpful-a-systematic-review-of-how-those-bereaved-through-suicide-experience-research-participation
#7
Karl Andriessen, Karolina Krysinska, Brian Draper, Michael Dudley, Philip B Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Many of the bereaved through suicide are interested in participating in postvention studies. However, there is a contradiction between the positive experiences of research participation and concerns raised by ethical boards. AIMS: To review studies on the experience of research participation by those bereaved through suicide, including initial contact with the study and its short- and long-term impacts. METHOD: Systematic searches in Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, as well as Google Scholar identified 12 papers reporting on 11 studies...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618267/a-multidimensional-theory-of-suicide
#8
Antoon A Leenaars, Gudrun Dieserud, Susanne Wenckstern, Kari Dyregrov, David Lester, Jennifer Lyke
BACKGROUND: Theory is the foundation of science; this is true in suicidology. Over decades of studies of suicide notes, Leenaars developed a multidimensional model of suicide, with international (crosscultural) studies and independent verification. AIM: To corroborate Leenaars's theory with a psychological autopsy (PA) study, examining age and sex of the decedent, and survivor's relationship to deceased. METHOD: A PA study in Norway, with 120 survivors/informants was undertaken...
April 5, 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587181/the-social-mobile-autopsy-the-evolution-of-psychological-autopsy-with-new-technologies-in-forensic-investigations-on-suicide
#9
REVIEW
I Aquila, M A Sacco, S Gratteri, M Sirianni, P De Fazio, P Ricci
Suicide is a huge deal in general public health, representing the second cause of mortality in young people worldwide. The suicidal setting analysis is usually performed through psychological autopsy, a method of investigation commonly used to study what leads to suicide. Psychological autopsy, though, requires the involvement of family and friends, or the finding of a diary or a suicide note. Nowadays, this is not always possible, especially during adolescence, the more if we consider new categories of people that are more used to live in a web dimension, than in a real one...
December 11, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557505/differences-in-snp-genotype-distributions-between-complex-and-simple-suicides
#10
Tanja Čugura, Jakob Boh, Tomaž Zupanc, Peter Pregelj, Alja Videtič Paska
Dysregulations in serotonin neurotransmission can be a strong contributing factor in suicide and impulsive-aggressive personality traits. Victims of suicide form a heterogeneous group in terms of planning, lethality and number of used methods. In this study, we tested single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the monoamine oxidase (MAO) A and B genes on the Slovenian population, which has one of the highest suicide rates in the world. Genotyping was performed on 77 victims of complex suicide, 406 victims of simple suicide and 289 controls...
March 20, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546501/cannabinoid-receptors-mental-pain-and-suicidal-behavior-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Laura Colino, Javier Herranz-Herrer, Elena Gil-Benito, Teresa Ponte-Lopez, Pablo Del Sol-Calderon, Maria Rodrigo-Yanguas, María Gil-Ligero, Antonio J Sánchez-López, Jose de Leon, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current serotonin-based biological model of suicidal behavior (SB) may be too simplistic. There is emerging evidence that other biomarkers and biological systems may be involved in SB pathophysiology. The literature on the endocannabinoid (EC) systems and SB is limited. The objective of the present article is to review all available information on the relationship between cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2 receptors), and SB and/or psychological pain. RECENT FINDINGS: Our review is limited by the small number and heterogeneity of studies identified: (1) an autopsy study describing elevated levels of CB1 receptor activity in the prefrontal cortex and suicide in both depression and alcoholism and (2) studies supporting the involvement of both CB1 and CB2 receptors in the regulation of neuropathic pain and stress-induced analgesia...
March 15, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461268/unnatural-deaths-of-the-elderly-population-of-sri-lanka-a-descriptive-analysis
#12
Amal Nishantha Vadysinghe, Prabath Senasinghe, Murugupillai Sivasubramanium, Pemasiri Jayasooriya, Bhatiya G Premarathna, Rathnayake Mudiyanselage Isuri Saumya D Rathnayake, Wickramasinghe Mudiyanselage Medhani Hasanthika P Wickramasinghe
As people age, they may become more vulnerable to injury because of frailty, ill health, or dependency on others. Data from medicolegal death investigation including autopsy and statements from cases reported to 3 medicolegal units in Sri Lanka were analyzed in this study under the strict ethical framework. Of the study population, 265 were male and 75 were female. Mean age was 71.14 years. Commonest manner of death was accidental (62.1%) followed by suicide (32.1%) and homicide (5.6%). Commonest types of incidents were road traffic accidents (26...
June 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438963/health-professionals-and-coroners-views-on-less-invasive-perinatal-and-paediatric-autopsy-a-qualitative-study
#13
Celine Lewis, Melissa Hill, Owen J Arthurs, John C Hutchinson, Lyn S Chitty, Neil Sebire
OBJECTIVE: To assess health professionals' and coroners' attitudes towards non-minimally and minimally invasive autopsy in the perinatal and paediatric setting. METHODS: A qualitative study using semistructured interviews. Data were analysed thematically. RESULTS: Twenty-five health professionals (including perinatal/paediatric pathologists and anatomical pathology technologists, obstetricians, fetal medicine consultants and bereavement midwives, intensive care consultants and family liaison nurses, a consultant neonatologist and a paediatric radiologist) and four coroners participated...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337928/protective-factors-in-the-inuit-population-of-nunavut-a-comparative-study-of-people-who-died-by-suicide-people-who-attempted-suicide-and-people-who-never-attempted-suicide
#14
Véronique Beaudoin, Monique Séguin, Nadia Chawky, William Affleck, Eduardo Chachamovich, Gustavo Turecki
Epidemiological data shows an alarming prevalence of suicide in Aboriginal populations around the world. In Canada, the highest rates are found in Inuit communities. In this article, we present the findings of a secondary analysis conducted with data previously collected as part of a larger study of psychological autopsies conducted in Nunavut, Canada. The objective of this secondary analysis was to identify protective factors in the Inuit population of Nunavut by comparing people who died by suicide, people from the general population who attempted suicide, and people from the general population who never attempted suicide...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322558/-the-masks-we-wear-a-qualitative-study-of-suicide-in-australian-farmers
#15
Lisa Kunde, Kairi Kõlves, Brian Kelly, Prasuna Reddy, Diego de Leo
PURPOSE: Farmer suicide is a major public issue in Australia. Using the psychological autopsy method, this study aimed to examine the life and death circumstances of Australian male farmers who died by suicide through verbal reports from their close significant others. METHODS: Individual semistructured interviews were conducted with 12 relatives of male farmers who had died by suicide in Queensland or New South Wales, Australia (2006-2014). This study followed the COREQ checklist criteria for the reporting of qualitative research...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317593/loneliness-5-years-ante-mortem-is-associated-with-disease-related-differential-gene-expression-in-postmortem-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex
#16
Turhan Canli, Lei Yu, Xiaoqing Yu, Hongyu Zhao, Debra Fleischman, Robert S Wilson, Philip L De Jager, David A Bennett
Subjective social isolation, loneliness, is associated with poor mental and physical health, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Here we analyzed loneliness data collected on average 5 years ante-mortem and RNA gene expression at death in postmortem dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) from 181 participants in the Rush Memory and Aging Project (MAP), a longitudinal, prospective cohort study of common chronic conditions of aging. Our analytic protocol controlled for biographical variables (age, sex, education), psychological and health variables (depressive symptoms, interval between assessment and autopsy, slope of cognitive decline, AD pathology, presence of infarcts) and RNA integrity...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193261/metaanalysis-of-mood-and-substance-use-disorders-in-proximal-risk-for-suicide-deaths
#17
Kenneth R Conner, Jeffrey A Bridge, Dustin J Davidson, Carly Pilcher, David A Brent
Evidence for proximal risk factors for suicide is based on case-control psychological autopsy studies, with these reports showing that mood and substance use disorders are the most prevalent mental disorders among suicide decedents worldwide and are associated with marked risk. However, moderators of risk and the degree of risk associated with (nonalcohol) drug use disorder are unknown. A comprehensive search was used to identify 35 case-control psychological autopsy studies published worldwide over a 30-year period that were metaanalyzed using random effects models...
November 28, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176520/baccalaureate-nursing-students-perceptions-regarding-autopsy-experiences
#18
Emily J Cannon, Renee N Bauer
PURPOSE: Since 2012, a medical-surgical nursing course at a midsized state university has provided the opportunity for students to view autopsies with a board-certified forensic pathologist. The autopsies are performed at a midsized hospital relatively close to the campus. The purpose of this study was to discover nursing students' perceptions that emerged during the autopsy experience. METHODS: A convenience sample of 23 baccalaureate nursing students took part in the autopsy experience over a 4-month period...
October 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091781/factors-associated-with-suicide-case-control-study-in-south-tyrol
#19
Giancarlo Giupponi, Marco Innamorati, Ross J Baldessarini, Diego De Leo, Francesca de Giovannelli, Roger Pycha, Andreas Conca, Paolo Girardi, Maurizio Pompili
BACKGROUND: As suicide is related to many factors in addition to psychiatric illness, broad and comprehensive risk-assessment for risk of suicide is required. This study aimed to differentiate nondiagnostic risk factors among suicides versus comparable psychiatric patients without suicidal behavior. METHODS: We carried out a pilot, case-control comparison of 131 cases of suicide in South Tyrol matched for age and sex with 131 psychiatric controls, using psychological autopsy methods to evaluate differences in clinically assessed demographic, social, and clinical factors, using bivariate conditional Odds Risk comparisons followed by conditional regression modeling controlled for ethnicity...
January 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035840/characteristics-of-mexican-children-and-adolescents-who-died-by-suicide-a-study-of-psychological-autopsies
#20
Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Yazmín Hernández-Díaz, Isela E Juárez-Rojop, Alejandra Giovanna León-Garibay, Crystell Guadalupe Guzmán-Priego, Lilia López-Narváez, Ana Frésan
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, suicide in children and adolescents has increased considerably, becoming the second cause of death in this age group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify characteristics and factors that could precipitate deaths by suicide in children and adolescents. METHODS: Using the psychological autopsy method, we studied 28 suicide cases of children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years old. Socio-demographic factors, characteristics of the suicide and family history were documented...
November 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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