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Psychological autopsy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708330/mortality-in-children-with-low-grade-glioma-or-glioneuronal-tumors-a-single-institution-study
#1
Santhosh A Upadhyaya, Yahya Ghazwani, Shengjie Wu, Alberto Broniscer, Fredrick A Boop, Amar Gajjar, Ibrahim Qaddoumi
BACKGROUND: While pediatric low-grade glioma/glioneuronal tumors (LGG/LGGNTs) are considered slow-growing, indolent tumors with excellent long-term prognosis, mortality due to the disease is not unknown. Few studies have addressed the cause of death in this population. METHODS: Retrospective review of clinicopathologic and radiologic data for children 21 years or younger with LGG/LGGNT who died at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital between April 1985 and June 2015...
July 14, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703837/multiple-stab-wounds-understanding-the-manner-of-death-through-the-psychological-autopsy
#2
G Di Vella, I Grattagliano, S Curti, R Catanesi, M K Sullivan, L Tattoli
A 48-year-old physical therapist with no history of psychiatric disorders or suicidal tendencies was found dead by his relatives inside his apartment. Multiple stab wounds were present on the chest and the abdomen. Several more superficial cuts were also seen on the neck and the left wrist. At the death scene, there was a large pool of blood in the room, with secondary droplets and stains; a kitchen knife was found beside the body, and a suicide note on a table. Especially the number of wounds raised strong suspicion of a homicide in the first instance but some circumstances (the farewell letter, the absence of clothing injuries, no signs of third-party involvement) and autopsy findings (absence of defense or blunt injuries, the localization of the wounds, the presence of hesitation marks) pointed toward a suicide etiology...
July 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691950/posttraumatic-stress-and-burnout-symptoms-in-forensic-doctors-and-staff-in-a-mortuary
#3
İlhami Kömür, Rifat O Ozdemirel, İsmail Ozver, Bünyamin Başpinar, Muhammet Demir, Fatih Gönen, Eyüp Kandemir, Murat Emul
We aimed to investigate burnout and posttraumatic stress symptoms in mortuary staff members who work for the Council of Forensic Medicine where more than 4500 autopsies are annually performed.The data were collected from 142 mortuary staff members from the Council of Forensic Medicine, Turkey. The participants were divided into the following 4 groups: forensic medicine specialists (n = 40, 28.2%), forensic medicine residents (n = 54, 38.0%), autopsy technicians (n = 24, 16.9%), and other staff members (n = 24, 16...
July 4, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685838/do-undiagnosed-suicide-decedents-have-symptoms-of-a-mental-disorder
#4
Thomas E Joiner, Jennifer M Buchman-Schmitt, Carol Chu
BACKGROUND: Psychological autopsy studies consistently report that the rate of detected mental disorders among suicide decedents is below 100%. This implies three possibilities: (a) a subset of suicide decedents did not have a mental disorder at the time of death; (b) all suicide decedents suffered from a mental disorder, but some were undetected due to methodological limitations; and/or (c) suicide decedents with an undetected mental disorder displayed significant and perhaps subclinical features of a mental disorder...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640962/awareness-of-suicide-risk-and-communication-between-health-care-professionals-and-next-of-kin-of-suicides-in-the-month-before-suicide
#5
Brian Draper, Karolina Krysinska, John Snowdon, Diego De Leo
Based on psychological autopsy data, the study compared awareness of suicide risk in the deceased among next-of-kin (NOK) and health care professionals (HCPs), and communication between these two groups in the month before death. The NOKs had significantly more knowledge about the decedent's suicide warning signs than the HCPs (90.5% vs. 44.6%). Contact between NOK and HCP was initiated more often by the family than the HCPs (29.4% vs. 5.9%). The study found communication gaps between HCPs and NOK and stresses the need for suicide prevention strategies strengthening communication between these two groups...
June 22, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558884/exploring-suicide-risk-factors-among-japanese-individuals-the-largest-case-control-psychological-autopsy-study-in-japan
#6
Manami Kodaka, Toshihiko Matsumoto, Michiko Takai, Takashi Yamauchi, Shizuka Kawamoto, Minako Kikuchi, Hisateru Tachimori, Yotaro Katsumata, Norihito Shirakawa, Tadashi Takeshima
This case-control psychological autopsy study explored suicide risk factors among Japanese individuals. We targeted 102 suicide completers over 20 years of age and 334 living controls matched to suicide cases by gender, age, and residential municipality in Japan. After controlling for other factors, we found significant associations between suicide and mental disorders, sleeping problems, and verbal communication of one's own death. We discuss the importance of sensitive responses to verbal expressions of suicidal ideation...
June 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502265/psychological-autopsy-study-comparing-suicide-decedents-suicide-ideators-and-propensity-score-matched-controls-results-from-the-study-to-assess-risk-and-resilience-in-service-members-army-starrs
#7
M K Nock, C L Dempsey, P A Aliaga, D A Brent, S G Heeringa, R C Kessler, M B Stein, R J Ursano, D Benedek
BACKGROUND: The suicide rate has increased significantly among US Army soldiers over the past decade. Here we report the first results from a large psychological autopsy study using two control groups designed to reveal risk factors for suicide death among soldiers beyond known sociodemographic factors and the presence of suicide ideation. METHODS: Informants were next-of-kin and Army supervisors for: 135 suicide cases, 137 control soldiers propensity-score-matched on known sociodemographic risk factors for suicide and Army history variables, and 118 control soldiers who reported suicide ideation in the past year...
May 15, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467954/-association-between-the-5-httlpr-polymorphism-of-the-serotonin-transporter-gene-and-suicide-a-case-control-pilot-study
#8
Janos Bokor, Xenia Gonda, Peter Dome, Gabor Faludi, Elek Dinya, Andras Laszik
OBJECTIVES: Besides psychological and social effects, biological, biochemical and genetic factors also play a role in the background of suicide. The aim is developing a complex model incorporating all the above factors so that suicide could be predicted and prevented in those at risk. Based on several studies 5-HTTLPR s allele frequency is increased in case of violent completed suicides. The aim of the present study was to validate this association in a sample of completed suicides. METHODS: During autopsy sample DNA samples were obtained for 5-HTTLPR genotyping from 200 subjects deceased due to suicide and 200 controls deceased due to other causes...
March 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350368/pathways-to-suicide-in-australian-farmers-a-life-chart-analysis
#9
Lisa Kunde, Kairi Kõlves, Brian Kelly, Prasuna Reddy, Diego De Leo
Farmers have been found to be at increased risk of suicide in Australia. The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behaviour suggests that the proximal factors leading to the suicidal desire or ideation include an individual's experiences of both perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. Suicidal desire with acquired capability to engage in lethal self-injury is predictive of suicidal behaviour. This study investigates the pathways to suicide of 18 Australian male farmers in order to understand the suicidal process and antecedents to suicide in Australian male farmers...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289365/br%C3%A3-lologie-et-m%C3%A3-decine-l%C3%A3-gale-les-victimes-d%C3%A2-incendie
#10
R Costagliola, J-P Campana, M Costagliola
During a judicial inquiry, the forensic doctor is frequently required to examine the hospitalized fire victim. He has to produce a certificate on the burns, defining their origin, seriousness and prognosis. The expert assessment of serious burn victims consists in an overall evaluation of functional and psychological sequelae, and can be conducted only after the long period of treatment needed for them to heal. The expert must know the forensic rules concerning the specific features of sequelae that follow a cutaneous burn injury...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112013/beyond-psychopathology-a-case-control-psychological-autopsy-study-of-young-adult-males
#11
Victoria Ross, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: As young Australian males are at a high risk of suicide, the identification of risk factors other than psychopathology is vital for the development of comprehensive suicide prevention measures. AIMS: The study investigated whether there were differences in risk factors and pathways to suicide in young adult males from Queensland, Australia, with and without a diagnosable psychiatric disorder. METHODS: A case-control, psychological autopsy method was applied using a control group of young males who had died suddenly from causes other than suicide...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051972/characteristics-classification-and-prevention-of-child-maltreatment-fatalities
#12
James E McCarroll, Joscelyn E Fisher, Stephen J Cozza, Renè J Robichaux, Carol S Fullerton
BACKGROUND: Preventing child maltreatment fatalities is a critical goal of the U.S. society and the military services. Fatality review boards further this goal through the analysis of circumstances of child deaths, making recommendations for improvements in practices and policies, and promoting increased cooperation among the many systems that serve families. The purpose of this article is to review types of child maltreatment death, proposed classification models, risk and protective factors, and prevention strategies...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031593/risk-factors-for-farmers-suicides-in-central-rural-india-matched-case-control-psychological-autopsy-study
#13
Manik Changoji Bhise, Prakash Balkrushna Behere
BACKGROUND: Despite more than two decades since recognition of suicides by farmers in India, systematic studies comparing various risk factors are lacking. This is major hurdle for the formulation of strategies for farmers' suicide prevention. OBJECTIVE: To identify socioeconomic and psychological risk factors and their relative contribution in suicides by farmers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A matched case-control psychological autopsy was done on 98 farmers' suicide victims and 98 controls in Central India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004479/female-suicides-psychosocial-and-psychiatric-characteristics-identified-by-a-psychological-autopsy-study-in-japan
#14
Manami Kodaka, Toshihiko Matsumoto, Takashi Yamauchi, Michiko Takai, Norihito Shirakawa, Tadashi Takeshima
AIM: Although the female suicide rate in Japan is one of the highest among OECD countries, little has been done to assess the psychosocial and psychiatric characteristics of Japanese female suicide completers. This study aimed to examine sex differences in psychosocial and psychiatric characteristics of suicide completers using a psychological autopsy study method, and to identify female suicide factors and intervention points to prevent female suicides. METHODS: A semi-structured interview was conducted with close family members of adult suicide completers...
April 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836157/understanding-homicide-suicide
#15
REVIEW
James L Knoll
Homicide-suicide is the phenomenon in which an individual kills 1 or more people and commits suicide. Research on homicide-suicide has been hampered by a lack of an accepted classification scheme and reliance on media reports. Mass murder-suicide is gaining increasing attention particularly in the United States. This article reviews the research and literature on homicide-suicide, proposing a standard classification scheme. Preventive methods are discussed and sociocultural factors explored. For a more accurate and complete understanding of homicide-suicide, it is argued that future research should use the full psychological autopsy approach, to include collateral interviews...
December 2016: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813125/phosphatidylethanol-in-postmortem-brain-and-serum-ethanol-at-time-of-death
#16
Peter M Thompson, Nathalie Hill-Kapturczak, Marisa Lopez-Cruzan, Luis A Alvarado, Alok K Dwivedi, Martin A Javors
BACKGROUND: Phosphatidylethanol (PEth) is a metabolite of ethanol (EtOH), and its concentration in whole blood samples is a direct biomarker of alcohol consumption. Because PEth is also present in the brain and incorporated in lipid membranes, it can be used to classify deceased individuals on alcohol consumption status at the time of death. The purpose of this study was to detect PEth homologs in postmortem brains of individuals known to have had alcohol use disorder (AUD) and to determine the relationship between serum alcohol at the time of death and PEth in the cerebellum (CE) and orbital frontal cortex (OFC)...
December 2016: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659515/factors-related-to-suicide-in-lgbt-populations
#17
Delaney Michael Skerrett, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
BACKGROUND: There is evidence of heightened vulnerability to nonfatal suicidal behaviors among LGBT populations yet a paucity of studies into fatal behaviors. AIM: The specific aim of this article was to identify factors related to suicide in LGBT individuals in Australia. METHOD: The psychological autopsy (PA) method with a matched case-control study design was used. PA interviews were conducted with 27 next-of-kin of an LGBT person that had died by suicide...
September 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611329/psychological-autopsy-of-seventy-high-school-suicides-combined-qualitative-quantitative-approach
#18
G Zalsman, Y Siman Tov, D Tzuriel, G Shoval, R Barzilay, N Tiech Fire, M Sherf, J John Mann
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is the leading cause of death among Israeli youths but data on causes are scarce. This study used psychological autopsies of 70 Israeli school students who committed suicide during 2004-2011, attempting to determine the causes. METHODS: Four narratives of the self were identified (qualitative analysis) and compared (quantitative analysis): (1) regressive: functioning and mood deteriorated continuously (45%); (2) tragic: doing well until rapid decline around suicidal crisis (20%); (3) unstable: peaks and crises throughout life (20%); and (4) stable: long lasting state of adverse living circumstances (15%)...
October 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27593853/a-case-of-timothy-syndrome-with-adrenal-medullary-dystrophy
#19
Miho Kawaida, Tokiya Abe, Toshio Nakanishi, Yoko Miyahara, Hiroyuki Yamagishi, Michiie Sakamoto, Taketo Yamada
Timothy syndrome (TS) is a congenital long QT syndrome that is associated with syndactyly and mutations in CACNA1C, encoding an L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel, Cav1.2. Recently, TS has been associated with autism and other psychological disorders. This case indicated bradycardia by prenatal screening and was diagnosed as TS by the occurrence of syndactyly and QT prolongation at birth. Despite therapy with anti-arrhythmia reagents and a pacemaker, the patient died 2 months after birth and was autopsied...
October 2016: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27571741/pathways-to-suicide-in-lesbian-and-gay-populations-in-australia-a-life-chart-analysis
#20
Delaney M Skerrett, Kairi Kõlves, Diego De Leo
Given the continued paucity of research into suicide in lesbian and gay (LG) people, there is a need to investigate the characteristics of those LG suicides that are able to be identified. The aim of this article was to analyze pathways to suicide in lesbian and gay individuals by way of life charts. Data were gathered through of 24 psychological autopsy interviews with next-of-kin of an LG person who had died by suicide. The female (n = 5) and male (n = 19) cases in this study clustered into younger and older suicides...
August 29, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
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