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Resistance training meta-analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138605/effect-of-creatine-supplementation-during-resistance-training-on-lean-tissue-mass-and-muscular-strength-in-older-adults-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Philip D Chilibeck, Mojtaba Kaviani, Darren G Candow, Gordon A Zello
The loss of muscle mass and strength with aging results in significant functional impairment. Creatine supplementation has been used in combination with resistance training as a strategy for increasing lean tissue mass and muscle strength in older adults, but results across studies are equivocal. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of creatine supplementation during resistance training in older adults with lean tissue mass, chest press strength, and leg press strength as outcomes by searching PubMed and SPORTDiscus databases...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137117/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-proteomics-literature-on-the-response-of-human-skeletal-muscle-to-obesity-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-t2dm-versus-exercise-training
#2
REVIEW
Kanchana Srisawat, Sam O Shepherd, Paulo J Lisboa, Jatin G Burniston
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of proteomics literature that reports human skeletal muscle responses in the context of either pathological decline associated with obesity/T2DM and physiological adaptations to exercise training. Literature was collected from PubMed and DOAJ databases following PRISMA guidelines using the search terms 'proteom*', and 'skeletal muscle' combined with either 'obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance' or 'exercise, training'. Eleven studies were included in the systematic review, and meta-analysis was performed on a sub-set (four studies) of the reviewed literature that reported the necessary primary data...
November 11, 2017: Proteomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128525/respiratory-rehabilitation-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-narrative-review-of-rehabilitation-techniques
#3
REVIEW
J Levy, H Prigent, D Bensmail
BACKGROUND: Respiratory disorders in multiple sclerosis (MS) are an important issue. They can occur early during the course of the disease, are associated with the neurological impairment, and can lead to pneumonia and respiratory failure, which are the main causes of death in advanced MS. Prevailing impaired expiratory muscles and cough abilities has been demonstrated in this population and might constitute a specific target for rehabilitation interventions. However, international guidelines lack recommendations regarding respiratory rehabilitation in MS...
November 8, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107767/prevalence-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-burn-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Mohammad Emaneini, Reza Beigverdi, Willem B van Leeuwen, Hosseinali Rahdar, Morteza Karami-Zarandi, Faride Hosseinkhani, Fereshteh Jabalameli
OBJECTIVES: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has considered as a major cause of infection and mortality in burn patients, especially when nosocomially acquired. Limited information is available on the prevalence of MRSA among burn patient in Iran. METHODS: We performed a systematic search by using different electronic databases including: Medline (via Pubmed), Embase, Web of Science, and Iranian Database. Meta-analysis was performed by Comprehensive Meta-Analysis (Biostat V2...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107539/is-inertial-flywheel-resistance-training-superior-to-gravity-dependent-resistance-training-in-improving-muscle-strength-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses
#5
REVIEW
J Vicens-Bordas, E Esteve, A Fort-Vanmeerhaeghe, T Bandholm, K Thorborg
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this systematic review was to determine if inertial flywheel resistance training is superior to gravity-dependent resistance training in improving muscle strength. The secondary aim was to determine whether inertial flywheel resistance training is superior to gravity-dependent resistance training in improving other muscular adaptations. DESIGN: A systematic review with meta-analyses of randomised and non-randomised controlled trials...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076631/patient-and-public-involvement-in-the-design-of-clinical-trials-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#6
REVIEW
Amy Price, Loai Albarqouni, Jo Kirkpatrick, Mike Clarke, Su May Liew, Nia Roberts, Amanda Burls
BACKGROUND: Funders encourage lay-volunteer inclusion in research. There are controversy and resistance, given concerns of role confusion, exploratory methods, and limited evidence about what value lay-volunteers bring to research. This overview explores these areas. METHODS: Eleven databases were searched without date or language restrictions for systematic reviews of public and patient involvement (PPI) in clinical trials design. This systematic overview of PPI included 27 reviews from which areas of good and bad practice were identified...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045191/the-efficacy-of-resistance-training-in-hypoxia-to-enhance-strength-and-muscle-growth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Domingo J Ramos-Campo, Brendan R Scott, Pedro E Alcaraz, Jacobo A Rubio-Arias
Recent studies have reported that resistance training in hypoxia (RTH) may augment muscle size and strength development. However, consensus on the effects of RTH via systematic review and meta-analysis is not yet available. This work aimed to systematically review studies which have investigated using RTH versus normoxic resistance training (NRT) to improve muscular size and strength, and to perform a meta-analysis to determine the effect of RTH on these adaptive parameters. Searches were conducted in PubMed, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library from database inception until 17 June 2017 for original articles assessing the effects of RTH on muscle size and strength versus NRT...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043659/magnitude-of-muscle-strength-and-mass-adaptations-between-high-load-resistance-training-versus-low-load-resistance-training-associated-with-blood-flow-restriction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Manoel E Lixandrão, Carlos Ugrinowitsch, Ricardo Berton, Felipe C Vechin, Miguel S Conceição, Felipe Damas, Cleiton A Libardi, Hamilton Roschel
BACKGROUND: Low-load resistance training (< 50% of one-repetition maximum [1RM]) associated with blood-flow restriction (BFR-RT) has been thought to promote increases in muscle strength and mass. However, it remains unclear if the magnitude of these adaptations is similar to conventional high-load resistance training (> 65% 1RM; HL-RT). OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of HL- versus BFR-RT on muscle adaptations using a systematic review and meta-analysis procedure...
October 17, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037326/%C3%AE-hydroxy-%C3%AE-methylbutyrate-free-acid-supplementation-may-improve-recovery-and-muscle-adaptations-after-resistance-training-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Vagner R Silva, Felipe L Belozo, Thayana O Micheletti, Marcelo Conrado, Jeffrey R Stout, Gustavo D Pimentel, Adam M Gonzalez
β-Hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate free acid (HMB-FA) has been suggested to accelerate the regenerative capacity of skeletal muscle after high-intensity exercise and attenuate markers of skeletal muscle damage. Herein a systematic review on the use of HMB-FA supplementation as an ergogenic aid to improve measures of muscle recovery, performance, and hypertrophy after resistance training was conducted. This review was performed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. We included randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trials investigating the effects of HMB-FA supplementation in conjunction with resistance exercise in humans...
September 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017743/resistance-training-for-rehabilitation-after-burn-injury-a-systematic-literature-review-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Paul M Gittings, Tiffany L Grisbrook, Dale W Edgar, Fiona M Wood, Benedict M Wand, Neil E O'Connell
BACKGROUND/AIM: Resistance training is beneficial for rehabilitation in many clinical conditions, though this has not been systematically reviewed in burns. The objective was to determine the effectiveness of resistance training on muscle strength, lean mass, function, quality of life and pain, in children and adults after burn injury. METHODS: Medline & EMBASE, PubMed, CINAHL and CENTRAL were searched from inception to October 2016. Studies were identified that implemented resistance training in rehabilitation...
October 7, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971226/the-effect-of-exercise-on-bone-mineral-density-in-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
J Dalla Via, R M Daly, S F Fraser
PURPOSE: Certain cancer treatments are associated with bone loss and increased fracture risk. Weight-bearing impact exercise, resistance training or the combination, are recommended to preserve or improve bone mineral density (BMD) inhealthy older adults, but their efficacy in cancer survivors is less well understood. The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis of randomised control trials (RCT) was to review the evidence regarding the role of exercise to counteract cancer treatment-induced bone loss...
October 2, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952861/effectiveness-of-multimodal-training-on-functional-capacity-in-frail-older-people-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controls-trials
#12
Pedro Lopez, Mikel Izquierdo, Regis Radaelli, Graciele Sbruzzi, Rafael Grazioli, Ronei Silveira Pinto, Eduardo Lusa Cadore
In this meta-analysis, we investigated the effect of resistance training (RT) alone, or included in a multimodal training on physical frailty outcomes, and whether different variables of RT prescription affect these outcomes. We identified 15 relevant studies searching through MEDLINE, Cochrane Central, SPORTDiscus and PEDro database. Post-intervention standardized mean difference (SMD) scores were computed, and combined using fixed effects meta-analysis. Analyses have shown positive effects of interventions on maximum strength, gait speed and Timed-Up-and-Go (TUG)...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943861/a-practical-and-time-efficient-high-intensity-interval-training-program-modifies-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-adults-with-risk-factors-for-type-ii-diabetes
#13
Bethan E Phillips, Benjamin M Kelly, Mats Lilja, Jesús Gustavo Ponce-González, Robert J Brogan, David L Morris, Thomas Gustafsson, William E Kraus, Philip J Atherton, Niels B J Vollaard, Olav Rooyackers, James A Timmons
INTRODUCTION: Regular physical activity (PA) can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, but adherence to time-orientated (150 min week(-1) or more) PA guidelines is very poor. A practical and time-efficient PA regime that was equally efficacious at controlling risk factors for cardio-metabolic disease is one solution to this problem. Herein, we evaluate a new time-efficient and genuinely practical high-intensity interval training (HIT) protocol in men and women with pre-existing risk factors for type 2 diabetes...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936703/cross-education-of-muscular-strength-following-unilateral-resistance-training-a-meta-analysis
#14
A Manca, D Dragone, Z Dvir, Franca Deriu
PURPOSE: Cross-education (CE) of strength is a well-known phenomenon whereby exercise of one limb can induce strength gains in the contralateral untrained limb. The only available meta-analyses on CE, which date back to a decade ago, estimated a modest 7.8% increase in contralateral strength following unilateral training. However, in recent years new evidences have outlined larger contralateral gains, which deserve to be systematically evaluated. Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to appraise current data on CE and determine its overall magnitude of effect...
November 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917030/the-role-of-intra-session-exercise-sequence-in-the-interference-effect-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Lee Eddens, Ken van Someren, Glyn Howatson
BACKGROUND: There is a necessity for numerous sports to develop strength and aerobic capacity simultaneously, placing a significant demand upon the practice of effective concurrent training methods. Concurrent training requires the athlete to perform both resistance and endurance exercise within a training plan. This training paradigm has been associated with an 'interference effect', with attenuated strength adaptation in comparison to that following isolated resistance training. The effectiveness of the training programme rests on the intricacies of manipulating acute training variables, such as exercise sequence...
September 15, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874320/exercise-training-for-intermittent-claudication
#16
REVIEW
Mary M McDermott
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to provide an overview of evidence regarding exercise therapies for patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: This manuscript summarizes the content of a lecture delivered as part of the 2016 Crawford Critical Issues Symposium. RESULTS: Multiple randomized clinical trials demonstrate that supervised treadmill exercise significantly improves treadmill walking performance in people with PAD and intermittent claudication symptoms...
November 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836379/home-based-multidimensional-survivorship-programmes-for-breast-cancer-survivors
#17
REVIEW
Karis Kin Fong Cheng, Yee Ting Ethel Lim, Zhi Min Koh, Wilson Wai San Tam
BACKGROUND: The prognosis and survival rate of women with breast cancer have significantly improved worldwide. Effective home-based multidimensional programmes for breast cancer survivors have gained an ever greater emphasis in survivorship care to maximise women's quality of life for their successful transition to rehabilitation and normal life. It is important to summarise the best available evidence to evaluate the effects of home-based multidimensional survivorship programmes on quality of life in women within 10 years of the completion of surgery or adjuvant cancer therapy for breast cancer, or both...
August 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834797/strength-and-hypertrophy-adaptations-between-low-versus-high-load-resistance-training-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Brad J Schoenfeld, Jozo Grgic, Dan Ogborn, James W Krieger
The purpose of this paper was to conduct a systematic review of the current body of literature and a meta-analysis to compare changes in strength and hypertrophy between low- versus high-load resistance training protocols. Searches of PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane Library and Scopus were conducted for studies that met the following criteria: 1) an experimental trial involving both low- (≤60% 1 RM) and high- (>60% 1 RM) load training; 2) with all sets in the training protocols being performed to momentary muscular failure; 3) at least one method of estimating changes in muscle mass and/or dynamic, isometric or isokinetic strength was used; 4) the training protocol lasted for a minimum of 6 weeks; 5) the study involved participants with no known medical conditions or injuries impairing training capacity...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822112/effectiveness-of-resistance-circuit-based-training-for-maximum-oxygen-uptake-and-upper-body-one-repetition-maximum-improvements-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Francisco Antonio Muñoz-Martínez, Jacobo Á Rubio-Arias, Domingo Jesús Ramos-Campo, Pedro E Alcaraz
BACKGROUND: It is well known that concurrent increases in both maximal strength and aerobic capacity are associated with improvements in sports performance as well as overall health. One of the most popular training methods used for achieving these objectives is resistance circuit-based training. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present systematic review with a meta-analysis was to evaluate published studies that have investigated the effects of resistance circuit-based training on maximum oxygen uptake and one-repetition maximum of the upper-body strength (bench press exercise) in healthy adults...
December 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819746/the-effects-of-resistance-exercise-training-on-anxiety-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
REVIEW
Brett R Gordon, Cillian P McDowell, Mark Lyons, Matthew P Herring
BACKGROUND: The salutary effects of resistance exercise training (RET) are well established, including increased strength and function; however, less is known regarding the effects of RET on mental health outcomes. Aerobic exercise has well-documented positive effects on anxiety, but a quantitative synthesis of RET effects on anxiety is needed. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the population effect size for resistance exercise training (RET) effects on anxiety and to determine whether variables of logical, theoretical, and/or prior empirical relation to anxiety moderate the overall effect...
December 2017: Sports Medicine
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