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Resistance training meta-analysis

Elisa Corrêa Marson, Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti, Alexandre Konig Garcia Prado, Nathalie Netto, Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel
OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations of aerobic, resistance, and combined exercise with changes in insulin resistance, fasting glucose, and fasting insulin in children and adolescents who are overweight or obese. DATA SEARCHES: MEDLINE via Pubmed, Cochrane-CENTRAL, SPORTDiscus, and LILACS. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized clinical trials of at least six weeks of duration that evaluated the ability of exercise training to lower at least one of the following outcomes: insulin resistance-HOMA, fasting glucose, and fasting insulin in children and/or adolescents classified as obese or overweight...
October 20, 2016: Preventive Medicine
Petra Rust, Cem Ekmekcioglu
Excessive dietary salt (sodium chloride) intake is associated with an increased risk for hypertension, which in turn is especially a major risk factor for stroke and other cardiovascular pathologies, but also kidney diseases. Besides, high salt intake or preference for salty food is discussed to be positive associated with stomach cancer, and according to recent studies probably also obesity risk. On the other hand a reduction of dietary salt intake leads to a considerable reduction in blood pressure, especially in hypertensive patients but to a lesser extent also in normotensives as several meta-analyses of interventional studies have shown...
October 19, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Saied Jalal Aboodarda, Phillip A Page, David George Behm
BACKGROUND: Elastic resistance has been commonly used in the therapeutic and fitness setting; however, the ability of elastic resistance to overload and activate muscles has been questioned because of linear increase in elastic resistance as the device is elongated. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to examine the available literature on muscle activation associated with isoinertial and elastic resistance exercises, and to provide a quantitative summary comparing the two resistance training modes...
September 20, 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
Hayley V MacDonald, Blair T Johnson, Tania B Huedo-Medina, Jill Livingston, Kym C Forsyth, William J Kraemer, Paulo T V Farinatti, Linda S Pescatello
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise (AE) is recommended as first-line antihypertensive lifestyle therapy based on strong evidence showing that it lowers blood pressure (BP) 5 to 7 mm Hg among adults with hypertension. Because of weaker evidence showing that dynamic resistance training (RT) reduces BP 2 to 3 mm Hg among adults with hypertension, it is recommended as adjuvant lifestyle therapy to AE training. Yet, existing evidence suggests that dynamic RT can lower BP as much or more than AE...
2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Danielle K Thomas, Marcus A Quinn, David H Saunders, Carolyn A Greig
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Physical activity and nutritional supplementation interventions may be used to ameliorate age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function. Previous reviews have demonstrated the beneficial effects of resistance exercise training (RET) combined with protein or essential amino acids (EAA) in younger populations. Whether or not older adults also benefit is unclear. The aim of this review was to determine whether regular dietary supplementation with protein/EAA during a RET regimen augments the effects of RET on skeletal muscle in older adults...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Sophie Heywood, Jodie McClelland, Benjamin Mentiplay, Paula Geigle, Ann Rahmann, Ross Clark
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of aquatic exercise in improving lower limb strength in people with musculoskeletal conditions. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search utilized five databases including MEDLINE, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Embase, SPORTdiscus and The Cochrane Library. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials evaluating aquatic exercise with a resistance training component for adults with musculoskeletal conditions compared with no intervention or land-based exercise were identified...
September 22, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Tazeen Jafar
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) defined as reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or presence of albuminuria, progresses to end stage renal disease (ESRD), needing dialysis or kidney transplant to sustain life, and is associated with increased risks of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. CKD ranked 18 leading (and most rapidly rising cause of mortality by the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The social and economic consequences of CKD are far worse in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Jo-Ana D Chase, Lorraine J Phillips, Marybeth Brown
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to determine the effects of supervised resistance and/or aerobic training physical activity interventions on performance-based measures of physical functioning among community-dwelling older adults, and to identify factors impacting intervention effectiveness. Diverse search strategies were used to identify eligible studies. Standardized mean difference effect sizes (d, ES) were synthesized using a random effects model. Moderator analyses were conducted using subgroup analyses and meta-regression...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Cecilia Ostman, Daniel Jewiss, Neil A Smart
OBJECTIVES: To establish if exercise training intensity produces different effect sizes for quality of life in heart failure. BACKGROUND: Exercise intensity is the primary stimulus for physical and mental adaptation. METHODS: We conducted a MEDLINE search (1985 to February 2016) for exercise-based rehabilitation trials in heart failure using the search terms 'exercise training', 'left ventricular dysfunction', 'peak VO2', 'cardiomyopathy', and 'systolic heart dysfunction'...
August 27, 2016: Cardiology
Yu-Chu Chung, Mei-Ling Yeh, Yueh-Min Liu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of intradialytic exercises for hemodialysis (HD) patients, this study conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). BACKGROUND: Patients receiving HD have poor physical function, psychological status and quality of life than the general population. Exercise training may improve these parameters for HD patients. DESIGN: Systemic review and a meta-analysis was conducted...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Lauren M Lamberti, Hayley V MacDonald, Blair T Johnson, Paulo Farinatti, Jill Livingston, Amanda L Zaleski, Adam Blanchard, Linda S Pescatello
: Aerobic exercise training, and to a lesser degree, dynamic resistance training, are recommended to lower blood pressure (BP) among adults with hypertension. Yet, the combined influence of these exercise modalities, termed concurrent exercise training (CET), on resting BP is unclear. PURPOSE: Meta-analyze the literature to determine the efficacy of CET as antihypertensive therapy. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for trials that included: adults (>19yr); controlled CET interventions; and BP measured pre- and post-intervention...
July 27, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Jason Moran, Gavin R H Sandercock, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, César Meylan, Jay Collison, Dave A Parry
This meta-analysis investigated the maturation-related pattern of adaptations to resistance training in boy athletes. We included studies examining the effects of 4-16-week resistance training programmes in healthy boy athletes aged 10-18 years. Pooled estimates of effect size for change in strength across all studies (n = 19) were calculated using the inverse-variance random effects model for meta-analyses. Estimates were also calculated for groups based on likely biological maturity status ("before", "during" and "after" peak height velocity)...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Brad J Schoenfeld, Dan Ogborn, James W Krieger
The purpose of this paper was to systematically review the current literature and elucidate the effects of total weekly resistance training (RT) volume on changes in measures of muscle mass via meta-regression. The final analysis comprised 34 treatment groups from 15 studies. Outcomes for weekly sets as a continuous variable showed a significant effect of volume on changes in muscle size (P = 0.002). Each additional set was associated with an increase in effect size (ES) of 0.023 corresponding to an increase in the percentage gain by 0...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
D Jewiss, C Ostman, N A Smart
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the change in effect sizes, for selected clinical outcome measures, in people with heart failure, from resistance exercise, either in isolation, or in combination with aerobic training. BACKGROUND: Most exercise training data in heart failure, relates to aerobic exercise, we sought to provide current evidence for the benefits of resistance training in this population. METHODS: We conducted a MEDLINE search (1985 to May 1, 2016), for exercise based rehabilitation trials in heart failure, using search terms 'resistance training, combined training, left ventricular dysfunction, peak VO2, cardio-myopathy and systolic heart dysfunction'...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Jonathan Moran, Emer Guinan, Paul McCormick, John Larkin, David Mockler, Juliette Hussey, Jeanne Moriarty, Fiona Wilson
BACKGROUND: Preoperative physical fitness is predictive of postoperative outcome. Patients with lesser aerobic capacity are at greater risk of postoperative complications, longer hospital stays, and mortality. Prehabilitation may improve physical fitness, but it is unknown whether enhanced fitness translates to an improvement in postoperative outcome. METHODS: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the ability of prehabilitation to influence postoperative outcome after intra-abdominal operations...
July 7, 2016: Surgery
Welma Stonehouse, Thomas Wycherley, Natalie Luscombe-Marsh, Pennie Taylor, Grant Brinkworth, Malcolm Riley
BACKGROUND/AIMS: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was performed to investigate the effects of dairy food or supplements during energy restriction on body weight and composition in 18-50-year-old. METHODS: RCTs ≥ 4 weeks comparing the effect of dairy consumption (whole food or supplements) with control diets lower in dairy during energy restriction on body weight, fat and lean mass were identified by searching MEDLINE, EMBASE, Pubmed, Cochrane Central and World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (WHO ICTRP) until March 2016...
2016: Nutrients
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Noelle G Moreau, Amy Winter Bodkin, Kristie Bjornson, Amy Hobbs, Mallary Soileau, Kay Lahasky
BACKGROUND: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) have decreased gait speeds, which can negatively affect their community participation and quality of life. However, evidence for effective rehabilitation interventions to improve gait speed remains unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of interventions for improving gait speed in ambulatory children with CP. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, and PEDro were searched from inception through April 2014...
June 16, 2016: Physical Therapy
Daniel Roberts-Clarke, Che Fornusek, Maria A Fiatarone Singh, Joshua Burns, Daniel A Hackett
This systematic review with a meta-analysis of studies was carried out to evaluate the potential of overwork weakness on the basis of grip strength of dominant and nondominant hands in individuals with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT). Numerous electronic databases were searched from the earliest records to February 2016. Studies of any design including participants older than 18 years of age with a confirmed diagnosis of CMT that measured grip strength of both hands using dynamometric testing were eligible for inclusion...
September 2016: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
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