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Resistance training meta-analysis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783064/aerobic-resistance-or-combined-training-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-exercise-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk-in-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome
#1
Michael A Wewege, Jeanette M Thom, Kerry-Anne Rye, Belinda J Parmenter
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise is beneficial to individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS). An understudied group, who represent the majority of the MetS population, are individuals who have not developed diabetes. This review examined aerobic, resistance and combined (aerobic + resistance) exercise for cardiovascular risk factors in MetS without diabetes. METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched up to September 2017 for randomised controlled trials >4 weeks in duration that compared an exercise intervention to the non-exercise control in MetS without diabetes...
May 3, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765140/comment-on-resistance-training-alone-reduces-systolic-and-diastolic-blood-pressure-in-prehypertensive-and-hypertensive-individuals-meta-analysis
#2
EDITORIAL
Salman Khazaei, Manoochehr Karami, Yousef Veisani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740583/creatine-supplementation-during-resistance-training-does-not-lead-to-greater-bone-mineral-density-in-older-humans-a-brief-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Scott C Forbes, Philip D Chilibeck, Darren G Candow
Creatine supplementation during resistance training has potential beneficial effects on properties of bone in aging adults. We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the effect of creatine supplementation combined with resistance training on bone mineral density (BMD) in aging adults. We searched PubMed and SPORTDiscus databases and included RCTs of ≥3 months duration that examined the combined effect of creatine and resistance training on bone mineral in adults >50 years of age or postmenopausal...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722584/no-difference-between-the-effects-of-supplementing-with-soy-protein-versus-animal-protein-on-gains-in-muscle-mass-and-strength-in-response-to-resistance-exercise
#4
Mark Messina, Heidi Lynch, Jared M Dickinson, Katharine E Reed
Much attention has been given to determining the influence of total protein intake and protein source on gains in lean body mass (LBM) and strength in response to resistance exercise training (RET). Acute studies indicate that whey protein, likely related to its higher leucine content, stimulates muscle protein synthesis (MPS) to a greater extent than proteins such as soy and casein. Less clear is the extent to which the type of protein supplemented impacts strength and LBM in longer term studies (≥6 weeks)...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720185/exercise-training-and-endothelial-function-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-meta-analysis
#5
Shanhu Qiu, Xue Cai, Han Yin, Zilin Sun, Martina Zügel, Jürgen Michael Steinacker, Uwe Schumann
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Exercise training is considered a cornerstone in the management of type 2 diabetes, which is associated with impaired endothelial function. However, the association of exercise training with endothelial function in type 2 diabetes patients has not been fully understood. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate their associations with focus on exercise types. METHODS: Databases were searched up to January 2018 for studies evaluating the influences of exercise training with durations ≥ 8 weeks on endothelial function assessed by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) among type 2 diabetes patients or between type 2 diabetics and non-diabetics...
May 2, 2018: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688559/effect-of-whey-protein-supplementation-on-body-composition-changes-in-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Robert E Bergia, Joshua L Hudson, Wayne W Campbell
Context: A preponderance of evidence supports the beneficial effects of whey protein (WP) supplementation on body composition in men; however, there is currently insufficient evidence to make an equivalent claim in women. Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the effects of WP supplementation with or without energy restriction (ER) and resistance training (RT) on changes in body mass, lean mass, and fat mass in women. Data Sources: Pubmed, Scopus, Cochrane, and CINAHL were searched using the keywords "whey protein," "body composition," and "lean mass...
April 23, 2018: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683979/lifestyle-interventions-for-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-network-meta-analysis
#7
Tian-Tian Zou, Chao Zhang, Yi-Fan Zhou, Yi-Jing Han, Jiao-Jiao Xiong, Xi-Xi Wu, Yong-Ping Chen, Ming-Hua Zheng
Lifestyle interventions remain the first-line therapy for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study aims to evaluate the individual impact of exercise and/or dietary interventions on the level of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), and BMI. Randomized-controlled trials from patients diagnosed with NAFLD were included in the meta-analysis if they reported the associations between changes in ALT, AST, HOMA-IR, or BMI and types of lifestyle interventions...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658408/the-compatibility-of-concurrent-high-intensity-interval-training-and-resistance-training-for-muscular-strength-and-hypertrophy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Angelo Sabag, Abdolrahman Najafi, Scott Michael, Tuguy Esgin, Mark Halaki, Daniel Hackett
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to assess the effect of concurrent high intensity interval training (HIIT) and resistance training (RT) on strength and hypertrophy. Five electronic databases were searched using terms related to HIIT, RT, and concurrent training. Effect size (ES), calculated as standardised differences in the means, were used to examine the effect of concurrent HIIT and RT compared to RT alone on muscle strength and hypertrophy. Sub-analyses were performed to assess region-specific strength and hypertrophy, HIIT modality (cycling versus running), and inter-modal rest responses...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626334/a-meta-analysis-of-resistance-training-in-female-youth-its-effect-on-muscular-strength-and-shortcomings-in-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Jason Moran, Gavin Sandercock, Rodrigo Ramirez-Campillo, Cain C T Clark, John F T Fernandes, Benjamin Drury
BACKGROUND: Resistance training is an effective way to enhance strength in female youth but, to date, no researcher has meta-analysed its effect on muscular strength in that population. OBJECTIVES: This meta-analysis characterised female youths' adaptability to resistance training (RT). A second objective was to highlight the limitations of the body of literature with a view to informing future research. DATA SOURCES: Google Scholar, PubMed, Web of Science...
April 6, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602748/progressive-resistance-training-increases-strength-after-stroke-but-this-may-not-carry-over-to-activity-a-systematic-review
#10
Simone Dorsch, Louise Ada, Daniella Alloggia
QUESTION: Does progressive resistance training improve strength and activity after stroke? Does any increase in strength carry over to activity? DESIGN: Systematic review of randomised trials with meta-analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Adults who have had a stroke. INTERVENTION: Progressive resistance training compared with no intervention or placebo. OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was change in strength...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596307/resistance-training-prevents-muscle-loss-induced-by-caloric-restriction-in-obese-elderly-individuals-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Amanda V Sardeli, Tiemy R Komatsu, Marcelo A Mori, Arthur F Gáspari, Mara Patrícia T Chacon-Mikahil
It remains unclear as to what extent resistance training (RT) can attenuate muscle loss during caloric restriction (CR) interventions in humans. The objective here is to address if RT could attenuate muscle loss induced by CR in obese elderly individuals, through summarized effects of previous studies. Databases MEDLINE, Embase and Web of Science were used to perform a systematic search between July and August 2017. Were included in the review randomized clinical trials (RCT) comparing the effects of CR with (CRRT) or without RT on lean body mass (LBM), fat body mass (FBM), and total body mass (BM), measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, on obese elderly individuals...
March 29, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589408/high-intensity-interval-training-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
David Thivel, Julie Masurier, Georges Baquet, Brian W Timmons, Bruno Pereira, Serge Berthoin, Martine Duclos, Julien Aucouturier
INTRODUCTION: While High Intensity Interval Training is praised in many populations for its beneficial effects on body composition and cardiometabolic health, its use among obese youth remain uncertain. This study aimed at determining whether HIIT is effective to improve aerobic fitness and reduce cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight and obese youth. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic search was conducted and articles reporting studies that investigated the effects of HIIT in 6 to 18-year-old youth were eligible...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569731/exercise-and-prostate-cancer-from-basic-science-to-clinical-applications
#13
REVIEW
Christian Campos, Paula Sotomayor, Daniel Jerez, Javier González, Camila B Schmidt, Katharina Schmidt, Winfried Banzer, Alejandro S Godoy
Prostate cancer (PCa) is a disease of increasing medical significance worldwide. In developed countries, PCa is the most common non-skin cancer in men, and one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths. Exercise is one of the environmental factors that have been shown to influence cancer risk. Moreover, systemic reviews and meta-analysis have suggested that total physical activity is related to a decrease in the risk of developing PCa. In addition, epidemiological studies have shown that exercise, after diagnosis, has benefits regarding PCa development, and positive outcome in patients under treatment...
March 23, 2018: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541164/the-effects-of-exercise-on-vascular-endothelial-function-in-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Jung-Hoon Lee, Ruda Lee, Moon-Hyon Hwang, Marc T Hamilton, Yoonjung Park
Background: Vascular endothelial dysfunction induced by hyperglycemia and elevated insulin resistance is a potent risk factor for cardiovascular disease and likely contributes to multiple chronic disease complications associated with aging. The aim of this study was to systematically review and quantify the effects of exercise on endothelial function (EF) in type 2 diabetes (T2D). Methods: Five electronic databases were searched (until June 2017) for studies that met the following criteria: (i) randomized controlled trials; (ii) T2D aged ≥ 18 years; (iii) measured EF by brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD); (iv) structured and supervised exercise intervention for ≥ 8 weeks...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521871/effectiveness-of-exercise-interventions-on-physical-function-in-community-dwelling-frail-older-people-an-umbrella-review-of-systematic-reviews
#15
Agathe D Jadczak, Naresh Makwana, Natalie Luscombe-Marsh, Renuka Visvanathan, Timothy J Schultz
OBJECTIVES: This umbrella review aimed to determine the effectiveness of exercise interventions, alone or in combination with other interventions, in improving physical function in community-dwelling older people identified as pre-frail or frail. INTRODUCTION: Exercise is said to have a positive impact on muscle mass and strength which improves physical function and hence is beneficial for the treatment of frailty. Several systematic reviews discuss the effects of exercise interventions on physical function parameters, such as strength, mobility, gait, balance and physical performance, and indicate that multi-component exercise, including resistance, aerobic, balance and flexibility training, appears to be the best way in which to improve physical function parameters in frail older people...
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509639/muscle-fiber-hypertrophy-and-myonuclei-addition-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Miguel S Conceição, Felipe C Vechin, Manoel Lixandrão, Felipe Damas, Cleiton A Libardi, Valmor Tricoli, Hamilton Roschel, Donny Camera, Carlos Ugrinowitsch
INTRODUCTION: The myonuclear domain theory postulates that myonuclei are added to muscle fibres when increases in fibre cross-sectional area (i.e. hypertrophy) are ≥26%. However, recent studies have reported increased myonuclear content with lower levels (e.g. 12%) of muscle fibre hypertrophy. PURPOSE: To determine whether a muscle fibre hypertrophy "threshold" is required to drive the addition of new myonuclei to existing muscle fibres. METHODS: Studies of resistance training (RT), endurance training (ET), with or without nutrient (i...
March 5, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496468/exercise-and-other-nonpharmacological-strategies-to-reduce-blood-pressure-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Philip J J Herrod, Brett Doleman, James E M Blackwell, Francesca O'Boyle, John P Williams, Jonathan N Lund, Bethan E Phillips
The incidence of hypertension increases with advancing age and represents a significant burden of disease. Lifestyle modification represents the first-line intervention in treatment algorithms; however, the majority of evidence for this comes from studies involving young participants using interventions that may not always be feasible in the elderly. This manuscript presents a systematic review of all randomized controlled trials involving participants with a mean age of 65 or over investigating nonpharmacological strategies to reduce blood pressure (BP)...
April 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480025/intradialytic-exercise-training-modalities-on-physical-functioning-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-undergoing-maintenance-hemodialysis-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Mansueto Gomes Neto, Filipe Ferrari Ribeiro de Lacerda, Antonio Alberto Lopes, Bruno Prata Martinez, Micheli Bernardone Saquetto
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of different intradialytic exercise training modalities on physical functioning and health-related quality of life of maintenance hemodialysis patients. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Trials Register and CINAHL for controlled trials that evaluated the effects of intradialytic exercise training for maintenance hemodialysis patients and published from the earliest available date to December 2017. Weighted mean difference and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated, and heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 test...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471456/effects-of-resistance-training-endurance-training-and-whole-body-vibration-on-lean-body-mass-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#19
Chih-Chin Lai, Yu-Kang Tu, Tyng-Guey Wang, Yi-Ting Huang, Kuo-Liong Chien
Background: A variety of different types of exercise are promoted to improve muscle strength and physical performance in older people. Objective: We aimed to determine the relative effects of resistance training, endurance training and whole-body vibration on lean body mass, muscle strength and physical performance in older people. Design: A systematic review and network meta-analysis. Subjects: Adults aged 60 and over...
May 1, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470825/effect-of-resistance-training-frequency-on-gains-in-muscular-strength-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Jozo Grgic, Brad J Schoenfeld, Timothy B Davies, Bruno Lazinica, James W Krieger, Zeljko Pedisic
BACKGROUND: Current recommendations on resistance training (RT) frequency for gains in muscular strength are based on extrapolations from limited evidence on the topic, and thus their practical applicability remains questionable. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate this issue, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the studies that compared muscular strength outcomes with different RT frequencies. METHODS: To carry out this review, English-language literature searches of the PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus databases were conducted...
May 2018: Sports Medicine
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