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proteín creatinine ratio in urine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913276/association-of-genetic-polymorphisms-of-angiopoietin-like-4-with-severity-of-posttransplant-proteinuria-in-kidney-allograft-recipients
#1
Youngil Chang, Tariq Shah, Jaewook Yang, David I Min
BACKGROUND: Proteinuria is a hallmark of glomerular injury, and persistent proteinuria is associated with graft failure in kidney transplant patients. Recently, it is known that the level of circulating angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) is elevated in the patients with human nephrotic syndrome, in which ANGPTL4 is responsible for relieving proteinuria. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine effects of clinical factors and genetic polymorphism of ANGPTL4 on proteinuria after kidney transplantation...
November 29, 2016: Transplant Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913013/nonalbumin-proteinuria-is-a-simple-and-practical-predictor-of-the-progression-of-early-stage-type-2-diabetic-nephropathy
#2
Jong Ho Kim, Sang Soo Kim, In Joo Kim, Min Jin Lee, Yun Kyung Jeon, Bo Hyun Kim, Sang Heon Song, Yong Ki Kim
AIMS: Multiple biomarkers have emerged as a reliable predictor of the progression of diabetic nephropathy. The aim of this study was to pursue a more simple and practical predictor that can be applied in clinical practice. METHODS: The urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR), the nonalbumin protein-to-creatinine ratio (NAPCR), and the levels of six biomarkers were measured in 73 patients with type 2 diabetes and estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs)≥60mL/min/1...
November 12, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898405/n-acetyl-cysteine-attenuated-the-deleterious-effects-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-on-the-kidney-of-non-diabetic-rats
#3
Karina Thieme, Karolline S Da Silva, Nelly T Fabre, Sergio Catanozi, Maria Beatriz Monteiro, Daniele Pereira Santos-Bezerra, Juliana Martins Costa-Pessoa, Maria Oliveira-Souza, Ubiratan F Machado, Marisa Passarelli, Maria Lucia Correa-Giannella
AIM: To assess the renal effects of chronic exposure to advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in the absence of diabetes and the potential impact of concomitant treatment with the antioxidant N-acetyl cysteine (NAC). METHODS: Wistar rats received intraperitoneally 20 mg/kg/day of albumin modified (AlbAGE) or not (AlbC) by advanced glycation for 12 weeks and oral NAC (600mg/L; AlbAGE+NAC and AlbC+NAC, respectively). Biochemical, urinary and renal morphological analyses; carboxymethyl-lysine (CML, an AGE), CD68 (macrophage infiltration), and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE, marker of oxidative stress) immunostaining; intrarenal mRNA expression of genes belonging to pathways related to AGEs (Ager, Ddost, Nfkb1), renin-angiotensin system (Agt, Ren, Ace), fibrosis (Tgfb1, Col4a1), oxidative stress (Nox4, Txnip), and apoptosis (Bax, Bcl2); and reactive oxidative species (ROS) content were performed...
November 30, 2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891373/retrospective-comparison-of-clinical-characteristics-and-in-hospital-outcomes-among-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-adults-with-acute-pyelonephritis
#4
Shailesh C Trivedi, Sanjeev R Phatak, Renu S Trivedi
INTRODUCTION: Acute Pyelonephritis (APN) is a common infection in community. Diabetes Mellitus (DM) may have different effect on clinical characteristics and outcomes of APN compared to non-diabetic individuals. AIM: To compare clinical characteristics and assess outcomes of APN patients with and without DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 122 patients with DM (n=61) and without DM (n=61) was conducted at a single, private, urban set-up from Gujarat, India...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889417/dietary-zinc-and-incident-calcium-kidney-stones-in-adolescence
#5
Gregory E Tasian, Michelle E Ross, Lihai Song, Robert W Grundmeier, James Massey, Michelle R Denburg, Lawrence Copelovitch, Steven Warner, Thomas Chi, David W Killilea, Marshall L Stoller, Susan L Furth
PURPOSE: To determine the association between dietary zinc intake and incident calcium kidney stones and examine the relationship between dietary zinc intake and urinary zinc excretion among adolescents. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was a nested case-control study conducted within a large pediatric healthcare system. Three 24-hour dietary recalls and spot urine chemistries were obtained for 30 participants aged 12-18 years with a first idiopathic calcium-based kidney stone and 30 healthy controls, matched on age, sex, race, and month of enrollment...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887684/the-relationship-of-red-blood-cell-transfusion-to-intestinal-mucosal-injury-in-premature-infants
#6
Nhan Hyung, Insiyah Campwala, Danilo S Boskovic, Laurel Slater, Yayesh Asmerom, Megan S Holden, Danilyn M Angeles, Gerald Gollin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of intestinal mucosal injury before and after transfusions in premature infants. STUDY DESIGN: Urine was collected throughout the hospital stay of 62 premature infants and specimens obtained within 24h before and after transfusion were assayed for intestinal fatty acid binding protein (iFABP). A urinary iFABP:creatinine ratio (iFABPu:Cru) of 2.0pg/nmol was considered elevated. RESULT: Forty-nine infants were transfused...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875290/whole-body-protein-turnover-and-net-protein-balance-after-pediatric-thoracic-surgery-a-noninvasive-single-dose-15n-glycine-stable-isotope-protocol-with-end-product-enrichment
#7
Brenna S Fullerton, Eric A Sparks, Faraz A Khan, Jeremy G Fisher, Rocco Anzaldi, Michael R Scoville, Yong-Ming Yu, David A Wagner, Tom Jaksic, Nilesh M Mehta
BACKGROUND: We used the (15)N glycine urinary end-product enrichment technique to quantify whole body protein turnover following thoracic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single dose of (15)N glycine (2 mg/kg) was administered orally on postoperative day 1 to children (1-18 years) following thoracic surgery. (15)N enrichment of ammonia and urea was measured in mixed urine after 12 and 24 hours, respectively, and protein synthesis, breakdown, and net balance determined...
November 15, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846788/urinary-oxalate-to-creatinine-ratios-in-healthy-turkish-schoolchildren
#8
Ismail Dursun, İlknur Çelik, Hakan M Poyrazoglu, Kader Köse, Esen Tanrıkulu, Habibe Sahin, Kenan Yılmaz, Ahmet Öztürk, Sibel Yel, Zübeyde Gündüz, Ruhan Düşünsel
AIM: we aimed to establish reference values for urinary oxalate to creatinine ratios in healthy children aged 6-15 years and to investigate the relationship between their nutritional habits and oxalate excretion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Random urine specimens from 953 healthy children aged 6-15 years were obtained and analyzed for oxalate and creatinine. Additionally, a 24-h dietary recall form was prepared and given to them. The ingredient composition of the diet was calculated...
November 15, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846769/effect-of-cichorium-intybus-l-seed-extract-on-renal-parameters-in-experimentally-induced-early-and-late-diabetes-type-2-in-rats
#9
Yasin Pourfarjam, Lotfollah Rezagholizadeh, Azin Nowrouzi, Alipasha Meysamie, Sarah Ghaseminejad, Nasrin Ziamajidi, Davood Norouzi
Blood and urine biochemistry screening tests are important for initial detection of diabetes, determination of severity of its complications, and monitoring of therapy. We evaluated the effects of aqueous chicory seed extract (CSE), on renal biochemical parameters, histology, and Na+/glucose cotansporters, SGLT1 and SGLT2 expression levels using metformin, and aspirin as controls. Late stage type 2 diabetes (LT2D; FBS, >300 mg/dl) and early stage type 2 diabetes (ET2D; FBS, 140-220 mg/dl) were induced in rats by streptozotocin (STZ group) and a combination of STZ and niacinamide (NIA/STZ group), respectively...
November 16, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830586/effect-of-dietary-quebracho-tannin-extract-on-feed-intake-digestibility-excretion-of-urinary-purine-derivatives-and-milk-production-in-dairy-cows
#10
Anika Henke, Uta Dickhoefer, Edwin Westreicher-Kristen, Karin Knappstein, Joachim Molkentin, Mario Hasler, Andreas Susenbeth
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of dietary Quebracho tannin extract (QTE) on feed intake, apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD), excretion of urinary purine derivatives (PD) and milk composition and yield in dairy cows. Fifty Holstein cows were divided into two groups. To reach a similar performance of both groups, cows were divided according to their milk yield, body weight, days in milk and number of lactations at the start of the experiment averaging 33.2 ± 8.2 kg/d, 637 ± 58 kg, 114 ± 73 d and 2...
November 10, 2016: Archives of Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826732/renin-angiotensin-ii-aldosterone-system-blockers-and-time-to-renal-replacement-therapy-in-children-with-ckd
#11
Alison G Abraham, Aisha Betoko, Jeffrey J Fadrowski, Christopher Pierce, Susan L Furth, Bradley A Warady, Alvaro Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Clinical care decisions to treat chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a growing child must often be made without the benefit of evidence from clinical trials. We used observational data from the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children cohort to estimate the effectiveness of renin-angiotensin II-aldosterone system blockade (RAAS) to delay renal replacement therapy (RRT) in children with CKD. METHODS: A total of 851 participants (median age: 11 years, median glomerular filtration rate [GFR]: 52 ml/min/1...
November 8, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826645/surgery-alters-parameters-of-vitamin-d-status-and-other-laboratory-results
#12
N Binkley, D Coursin, D Krueger, P Iglar, J Heiner, R Illgen, M Squire, J Lappe, P Watson, K Hogan
: Fracture liaison services often perform laboratory testing, but these results may be altered by surgery. In 40 hip arthroplasty patients, many laboratory parameters of bone health relevance were reduced by 8-22% on the first post-operative day. Laboratory results obtained in the immediate post-surgery interval do not reliably ascertain baseline status. INTRODUCTION: As secondary causes of osteoporosis are common, fracture liaison services often perform laboratory testing in the immediate post-fracture interval...
November 8, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814274/urinary-ngal-for-the-diagnosis-of-the-renal-injury-from-multiple-myeloma
#13
Wenhan Du, Ting Shen, Hui Li, Yingying Liu, Lagu He, Li Tan, Min Hu
OBJECTIVES: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) has been proved as a sensitive biomarker in acute and chronic renal injury. Renal impairment is a common complication of multiple myeloma (MM). We attempt to assess the value of NGAL for the early and accurate diagnosis of renal injury in MM patients. METHODOLOGY: Forty-five MM patients with CKD stage I to V(MM-renal group), 20 MM patients with normal kidney function (MM-non-renal group), and 37 healthy volunteers (healthy control) were compared for serum and urinary NGAL and other renal injury biomarkers (Creatinine[CRE]; Cystatin-C [CysC]; N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase [NAG])...
October 28, 2016: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812309/urinary-orosomucoid-validation-of-an-automated-immune-turbidimetric-test-and-its-possible-clinical-use
#14
Péter Kustán, Balázs Szirmay, Zoltán Horváth-Szalai, Andrea Ludány, Ágnes Lakatos, Diána Mühl, Per Hjort Christensen, Attila Miseta, Gábor L Kovács, Tamás Kőszegi
INTRODUCTION: Besides routine serum markers of inflammatory diseases, the diagnostic potential of selected urinary proteins has not been fully exploited yet. Former studies revealed that urinary orosomucoid (u-ORM) might have complementary information in inflammatory disorders. Our aim was to develop and validate a fully automated method for u-ORM measurements and to evaluate its potential clinical impact on systemic inflammatory diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A particle-enhanced immune turbidimetric assay was validated for a Cobas 8000/c502 analyzer to determine u-ORM levels...
October 15, 2016: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809710/the-questioning-for-routine-monthly-monitoring-of-proteinuria-in-patients-with-%C3%AE-thalassemia-on-deferasirox-chelation
#15
Turan Bayhan, Şule Ünal, Ozan Ünlü, Hakan Küçüker, Anıl Doğukan Tutal, Erdem Karabulut, Fatma Gümrük
BACKGROUND: Iron chelation therapy is one of the mainstays of the management of the patients with β-thalassemia (BT) major. Deferasirox is an oral active iron chelating agent. Proteinuria is one of the potential renal adverse effects of deferasirox, and monthly follow-up for proteinuria is suggested by Food and Drug Administration and European Medicine Agency. METHODS: We aimed to investigate the necessity for monthly monitoring for proteinuria among patients with BT on deferasirox...
November 3, 2016: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802442/urinary-periostin-excretion-predicts-renal-outcome-in-iga-nephropathy
#16
Jin Ho Hwang, Jung Pyo Lee, Clara Tammy Kim, Seung Hee Yang, Jin Hyuk Kim, Jung Nam An, Kyung Chul Moon, Hajeong Lee, Yun Kyu Oh, Kwon Wook Joo, Dong Ki Kim, Yon Su Kim, Chun Soo Lim
BACKGROUND: Periostin is a matricellular protein and plays a vital role in tissue regeneration, fibrosis and wound healing. However, data about its significance in nephrology are limited. We investigated the correlation between urinary periostin excretion and its clinical significance including renal histologic findings and prognosis in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). METHODS: Of 399 patients from a glomerulonephritis cohort recruited between January 2009 and December 2014, 314 were enrolled...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798124/cross-talk-between-amp-activated-protein-kinase-and-renin-angiotensin-system-in-uninephrectomised-rats
#17
Ke-Ke Yang, Yi Sui, Hui-Rong Zhou, Jian Shen, Ning Tan, Yan-Mei Huang, Sha-Sha Li, Yan-Hong Pan, Xiao-Xi Zhang, Hai-Lu Zhao
INTRODUCTION: The renal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and the ultrasensitive energy sensor AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) have been implicated in normal and aberrant states of the kidney, but interaction between the RAS and AMPK remains unknown. METHODS: Ninety-six rats were stratified into four groups: sham, uninephrectomised, uninephrectomised rats treated with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor lisinopril or the angiotensin receptor blocker losartan...
October 2016: Journal of the Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone System: JRAAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795933/the-efficacy-of-semi-quantitative-urine-protein-to-creatinine-p-c-ratio-for-the-detection-of-significant-proteinuria-in-urine-specimens-in-health-screening-settings
#18
Chih-Chun Chang, Ming-Jang Su, Jung-Li Ho, Yu-Hui Tsai, Wei-Ting Tsai, Shu-Jene Lee, Tzung-Hai Yen, Fang-Yeh Chu
BACKGROUND: Urine protein detection could be underestimated using the conventional dipstick method because of variations in urine aliquots. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of the semi-quantitative urine protein-to-creatinine (P/C) ratio compared with other laboratory methods. METHODS: Random urine samples were requested from patients undergoing chronic kidney disease screening. Significant proteinuria was determined by the quantitative P/C ratio of at least 150 mg protein/g creatinine...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759340/the-role-of-smoking-as-a-modifiable-risk-factor-in-diabetic-nephropathy
#19
M Jija Jose, Vipin Varkey, R Chandni, P A Zubaida, Jean Maliekkal
OBJECTIVE: To study the relation of smoking and abnormal renal function in type 2 diabetes mellitus by estimating urine protein- creatinine ratio, blood urea, serum creatinine, glomerular filtration rate and serum lipid profile in selected subjects. METHODS: Diabetic patients who attended the Diabetic Clinic, Medical College, Kozhikode were enrolled in the study. The study duration was 6 months, from July 2008 to December 2008. It was conducted in four groups of 40 subjects: diabetic smokers, diabetic non-smokers, non-diabetic smokers and non-diabetic non-smokers...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752315/all-patients-with-diabetes-should-have-annual-uacr-tests-why-is-that-so-hard
#20
Alice Willison, Vicki Tully, Peter Davey
The urine albumin creatinine ratio (UACR) detects abnormal levels of protein in the urine and should be performed annually to detect kidney disease in patients with diabetes mellitus. UK national audits show that 25% of patients do not have annual tests and our data suggested that some patients had more than one test per year. Data from 20 patients showed that 55% had more than one UACR test per year, with a total of 19 unnecessary tests at an estimated cost of £20,000 per year. However 20% had not had a UACR in the previous year, so unreliable testing was potentially causing harm as well as waste...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
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