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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545256/a-review-of-the-effects-of-chronic-arsenic-exposure-on-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes
#1
REVIEW
Abul H Milton, Sumaira Hussain, Shahnaz Akter, Mijanur Rahman, Tafzila A Mouly, Kane Mitchell
Exposure to arsenic has a number of known detrimental health effects but impact on pregnancy outcomes is not as widely recognized. This narrative review examines existing epidemiological evidence investigating the association between arsenic exposure via drinking water and adverse pregnancy outcomes. We reviewed published epidemiological studies from around the world on impact of chronic arsenic exposure on spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, neonatal death, post neonatal death, low birth weight and preterm baby...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544362/cxcl10-and-il-6-markers-of-two-different-forms-of-intra-amniotic-inflammation-in-preterm-labor
#2
Roberto Romero, Piya Chaemsaithong, Noppadol Chaiyasit, Nikolina Docheva, Zhong Dong, Chong Jai Kim, Yeon Mee Kim, Jung-Sun Kim, Faisal Qureshi, Suzanne M Jacques, Bo Hyun Yoon, Tinnakorn Chaiworapongsa, Lami Yeo, Sonia S Hassan, Offer Erez, Steven J Korzeniewski
PROBLEM: To determine whether amniotic fluid (AF) CXCL10 concentration is associated with histologic chronic chorioamnionitis in patients with preterm labor (PTL) and preterm prelabor rupture of the membranes (PROM). METHOD OF STUDY: This study included 168 women who had an episode of PTL or preterm PROM. AF interleukin (IL)-6 and CXCL10 concentrations were determined by immunoassay. RESULTS: (i) Increased AF CXCL10 concentration was associated with chronic (OR: 4...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544321/assessment-of-mode-of-delivery-and-predictors-of-emergency-caesarean-section-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-a-matched-pair-setting-with-women-from-the-general-population-in-denmark-2002-2014
#3
M Ørbaek, K Thorsteinsson, M Helleberg, E Moseholm, T L Katzenstein, M Storgaard, I S Johansen, G Pedersen, N Weis, A-M Lebech
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess mode of delivery and predictors of emergency caesarean section (EmCS) in women living with HIV (WLWH) in a matched-pair setting with women from the general population (WGP) in Denmark. Further, we analysed birth plan in WLWH. METHODS: All WLWH giving birth to live-born children from 2002 to 2014 were included in the study. Data were retrieved from medical records and national registries. WLWH were matched 1:5 by age, birth year, parity and ethnicity to WGP...
May 24, 2017: HIV Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544065/music-therapy-and-musical-stimulation-in-the-context-of-prematurity-a-narrative-literature-review-from-2010-to-2015
#4
REVIEW
Ambra Palazzi, Camila Canani Nunes, Cesar Augusto Piccinini
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This narrative literature review aimed to examine empirical studies of MS and MT carried out with preterm infants and their parents published from 2010 to 2015. BACKGROUND: Prematurity constitutes a global health problem that can impact the development of the preterm infant and the well-being of the parents. Music-based interventions may benefit the infant, parents, and their relationship. In our review, we distinguished between musical stimulation (MS) and music therapy (MT), as we found no previous studies that had made this distinction...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543445/psoriasis-in-those-planning-a-family-pregnant-or-breast-feeding-the-australasian-psoriasis-collaboration
#5
REVIEW
Marius Rademaker, Karen Agnew, Megan Andrews, Katherine Armour, Chris Baker, Peter Foley, John Frew, Kurt Gebauer, Monisha Gupta, Debra Kennedy, Gillian Marshman, John Sullivan
The Australasian Psoriasis Collaboration has reviewed the evidence for managing moderate to severe psoriasis in those who are pregnant or are breast-feeding, or planning a family. The severity of the psoriasis, associated comorbidities and specific anti-psoriasis treatment, along with other exposures, can have a deleterious effect on pregnancy outcomes. Psoriasis itself increases the risk of preterm and low birthweight babies, along with spontaneous and induced abortions, but no specific birth defects have been otherwise demonstrated...
May 23, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543169/gestational-weight-gain-in-the-first-two-pregnancies-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-the-second-pregnancy
#6
Maya Tabet, Lorie M Harper, Louise H Flick, Jen Jen Chang
BACKGROUND: Gestational Weight Gain (GWG) below or above the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, it remains unknown whether the risk of adverse outcomes is affected by GWG in a previous pregnancy. We examined associations between GWG in the index (second) pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes, including preterm delivery and small for gestational age (SGA), while taking into consideration GWG in the first pregnancy. METHODS: In a population-based cohort study (n = 210 564), using the Missouri maternally-linked birth registry (1989-2005), we used multivariable Poisson regression with robust error variance stratified by prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) to evaluate associations between GWG in the index pregnancy and a composite indicator of GWG in the first and second pregnancies and our outcomes of interest, after controlling for sociodemographic and pregnancy-related confounders...
May 24, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542877/preterm-sucking-behaviour-and-later-neurodevelopment
#7
Justine Slattery
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542791/pregnancy-outcomes-among-syrian-refugee-and-jordanian-women-a-comparative-study
#8
K Alnuaimi, M Kassab, R Ali, K Mohammad, K Shattnawi
AIM: To compare pregnancy outcomes of Syrian refugee women and Jordanian women. BACKGROUND AND INTRODUCTION: In the past few years, thousands of Syrians fled Syria to neighbouring countries such as Jordan as a result of the continuing conflict in their country. Pregnant refugee women are facing many difficulties that increase the prevalence of antenatal complications. However, there is limited awareness of whether Syrian refugee women have different risks of pregnancy outcomes than Jordanian women...
May 25, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542663/-periorbital-pallor-post-application-of-mydriatic-in-infants-with-hydrocephalus-associated-to-systemic-effects
#9
Jorge Luis Alvarado Socarras, Sandra Consuelo Rodríguez
Adequate pupil dilation is needed to evaluate some neonates at risk of developing illness during this stage. However, this procedure is not free of adverse effects, either local or systemic. One of these complications is the local vasoconstriction of the preterm baby’s skin following the application of mydriatic eye drops. OBJECTIVE: To describe secondary local and systemic complications of pharmacological pupil dilation in 2 newborns. Clinical case 1: Full term baby with diagnosis of low-birth weight and hydrocephalia...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542659/-digestive-and-kidney-complications-by-indomethacin-and-ibuprofen-in-extreme-preterm-infants-with-patent-ductus-arteriosus
#10
Rodrigo Salas, Pablo Lavín, Yohanna Rincón, Juan Miranda, María López
The symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (sPDA) is common in extremely premature infants (EPI). In order to decrease the hemodynamic repercussion and avoid complications it is necessary to close it. Indomethacin or ibuprofen are used for this purpose with its associated risks. OBJECTIVE: Characterize digestive and renal complications in EPI who received indomethacin or ibuprofen as sPDA treatment. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Retrospective study on EPI between January-2004 and December-2013...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542256/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-disorders-mdad-and-child-development-a-manitoba-population-based-study
#11
Brenda Comaskey, Noralou P Roos, Marni Brownell, Murray W Enns, Dan Chateau, Chelsea A Ruth, Okechukwu Ekuma
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between maternal depression and anxiety disorders (MDAD) and child development assessed during the kindergarten year. METHODS: Administrative data from several health and social databases in Manitoba, Canada, were used to study 18,331 mother-child pairs. MDAD over the period from one year prior to the child's birth to the kindergarten year was defined using physician diagnoses and filled prescriptions. Child development was assessed during the kindergarten year using the Early Development Instrument (EDI) which measures vulnerability across five domains of development...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540997/a-combination-of-short-and-simple-surfactant-protein-b-and-c-analogues-as-a-new-synthetic-surfactant-in-vitro-and-animal-experiments
#12
Yong Sung Choi, Sung Hoon Chung, Chong Woo Bae
PURPOSE: Pulmonary surfactants for preterm infants contain mostly animal-derived surfactant proteins (SPs), which are essential for lowering surface tension. We prepared artificial pulmonary surfactants using synthetic human SP analogs and performed in vitro and in vivo experiments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We synthesized peptide analogues that resemble human SP-B (RMLPQLVCRLVLRCSMD) and SP-C (CPVHLKRLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLL). Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), and palmitic acid (PA) were added and mixed in lyophilized to render powdered surfactant...
July 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540576/cervical-length-dynamics-in-triplet-pregnancies-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Sophie Pils, Stephanie Springer, Verena Wehrmann, Kinga Chalubinski, Johannes Ott
PURPOSE: To review our experience with a screening program that included sequential cervical length measurements in our large population of triplet pregnancies. METHODS: Seventy-eight triplet pregnancies were retrospectively included. Cervical length measurements were performed by transvaginal ultrasound in 2-week intervals from week 16 + 0 onwards in a tertiary-care center in Vienna. The main outcome measurement was preterm delivery prior to 32 + 0 weeks of gestation...
May 24, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540346/less-invasive-surfactant-administration-reduces-the-need-for-mechanical-ventilation-in-preterm-infants-a-meta-analysis
#14
Christine S M Lau, Ronald S Chamberlain, Shyan Sun
Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome due to surfactant deficiency is associated with high morbidity and mortality in preterm infants, and the use of less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) has been increasingly studied. This meta-analysis found that LISA via thin catheter significantly reduced the need for mechanical ventilation within the first 72 hours (relative risk [RR] = 0.677; P = .021), duration of mechanical ventilation (difference in means [MD] = -39.302 hours; P < .001), duration of supplemental oxygen (MD = -68...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540262/inactive-hepatitis-b-carrier-and-pregnancy-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Afsaneh Keramat, Masud Younesian, Mohammad Gholami Fesharaki, Maryam Hasani, Samaneh Mirzaei, Elham Ebrahimi, Seyed Moaed Alavian, Fatemeh Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: We aimed to explore whether maternal asymptomatic hepatitis B (HB) infection effects on pre-term rupture of membranous (PROM), stillbirth, preeclampsia, eclampsia, gestational hypertension, or antepartum hemorrhage. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Scopus, and ISI web of science from 1990 to Feb 2015. In addition, electronic literature searches supplemented by searching the gray literature (e.g., conference abstracts thesis and the result of technical reports) and scanning the reference lists of included studies and relevant systematic reviews...
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539867/prevalence-of-periodontal-disease-its-association-with-systemic-diseases-and-prevention
#16
REVIEW
Muhammad Ashraf Nazir
Periodontal diseases are prevalent both in developed and developing countries and affect about 20-50% of global population. High prevalence of periodontal disease in adolescents, adults, and older individuals makes it a public health concern. Several risk factors such as smoking, poor oral hygiene, diabetes, medication, age, hereditary, and stress are related to periodontal diseases. Robust evidence shows the association of periodontal diseases with systemic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and adverse pregnancy outcomes...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538523/the-effect-of-maternal-milk-on-tolerance-and-growth-in-premature-infants-a-hypothesis-generating-study
#17
Jacomine E Hogewind-Schoonenboom, Lyanne W W Rövekamp-Abels, Daphne P M de Wijs-Meijler, Margaux D Maduro, Marijke C Jansen-van der Weide, Johannes B van Goudoever, Jessie M Hulst
OBJECTIVE: Early growth rates and feeding advancement rates of preterm infants are thought to influence later health. Feeding advancement is often difficult because of feeding intolerance. Exclusive human milk feeding improves tolerance, but can result in a lower weight gain rate. The addition of human milk fortifier has advantages for growth, but there are concerns that it may nullify the beneficial effect of human milk on tolerance. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the relation between the amount of fortified human milk or formula and feeding tolerance and growth in preterm infants...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538366/preventing-necrotizing-enterocolitis-by-food-additives-in-neonates-a-network-meta-analysis-revealing-the-efficacy-and-safety
#18
Wentao Yu, Wu Sui, Linsong Mu, Wenying Yi, Haijuan Li, Liqin Wei, Weihong Yin
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious multifactorial gastrointestinal disease which is often discovered in premature infants. Various additives have been used to prevent NEC; yet, their relative efficacy and safety remain disputed. This study aims to compare the efficacy and safety of 5 food additives, namely, probiotics, probiotics + fructo-oligosaccharides, pentoxifylline, arginine, and lactoferrin in preventing NEC in neonates. METHODS: Embase, PubMed, and Cochrane Library had been searched for all eligible randomized control trials...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538238/current-research-on-the-epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-management-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#19
Simon Eaton, Clare M Rees, Nigel J Hall
Despite decades of research on necrotizing enterocolitis, we still do not fully understand the pathogenesis of the disease, or how to prevent or how to treat it. However, as a result of recent significant advances in the microbiology, molecular biology, and cell biology of the intestine of preterm infants and infants with necrotizing enterocolitis, there is some hope that research into this devastating disease will yield some important translation into effective prevention, more rapid diagnosis, and novel therapies...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538237/update-on-postnatal-steroids
#20
Henry L Halliday
Antenatal steroid treatment to enhance fetal lung maturity and surfactant treatment to prevent or treat respiratory distress syndrome have been major advances in perinatal medicine in the past 40 years contributing to improved outcomes for preterm infants. Use of postnatal steroids to prevent or treat chronic lung disease in preterm infants has been less successful and associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. Although early (in the first week of life) postnatal steroid treatment facilitates earlier extubation and reduces the risk of chronic lung disease, it is associated with adverse effects, such as hyperglycemia, hypertension, gastrointestinal bleeding and perforation, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, growth failure, and cerebral palsy, and cannot be recommended...
2017: Neonatology
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