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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329949/-progress-in-research-of-relationship-between-vaginal-lactobacillus-and-preterm-delivery
#1
Y N He, H Y Xiong, Y J Zheng
The vaginal flora in most healthy women is dominated by Lactobacillus species. The absence of Lactobacillus species in vaginal flora might lead to a series of symptoms, especially in pregnant women causing adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm delivery. This review focuses on the progress in the research of the relationship between vaginal Lactobacillus and preterm delivery, providing reference for the reduction of the incidence of preterm delivery.
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329897/maternal-labor-delivery-and-perinatal-outcomes-associated-with-placental-abruption-a-systematic-review
#2
Katheryne L Downes, Katherine L Grantz, Edmond D Shenassa
Objective Risk factors for placental abruption have changed, but there has not been an updated systematic review investigating outcomes. Methods We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and CINAHL for publications from January 1, 2005 through December 31, 2016. We reviewed English-language publications reporting estimated incidence and/or risk factors for maternal, labor, delivery, and perinatal outcomes associated with abruption. We excluded case studies, conference abstracts, and studies that lacked a referent/comparison group or did not clearly characterize placental abruption...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329427/what-drives-perceived-work-intensity-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units-empirical-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Sandra Sülz, Kristina Langhammer, Michael Becker-Peth, Bernhard Roth
AIM: To investigate the drivers of perceived work intensity among neonatal intensive care unit nurses. BACKGROUND: The consequences of high work intensity have been studied extensively, yet setting-specific drivers have received less attention. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal and monocentric study design. METHODS: The study combined data from standardized diary surveys and passive observations of study nurses. Data were collected over a period of six months in 2015...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329383/sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine-exhibits-dose-response-protection-against-adverse-birth-outcomes-related-to-sexually-transmitted-and-reproductive-tract-infections
#4
R Matthew Chico, Enesia Banda Chaponda, Cono Ariti, Daniel Chandramohan
Background.: We conducted a prospective cohort study in Zambia among pregnant women who received intermittent preventive treatment using sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP). Methods.: We calculated the odds ratios (ORs) of adverse birth outcomes by IPTp-SP exposure, 0-1 dose (n = 126) vs ≥2 doses (n = 590) and 2 doses (n = 310) vs ≥3 doses (n = 280) in 7 categories of malaria infection and sexually transmitted and reproductive tract infections (STIs/RTIs). Results...
March 2, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329335/pertussis-antibody-transfer-to-preterm-neonates-after-second-versus-third-trimester-maternal-immunization
#5
Christiane S Eberhardt, Geraldine Blanchard-Rohner, Barbara Lemaître, Christophe Combescure, Véronique Othenin-Girard, Antonina Chilin, Jean Petre, Begoña Martinez de Tejada, Claire-Anne Siegrist
Preterm infants are most vulnerable to pertussis. Whether they might benefit from maternal immunization is unknown. Extending our previous results in term neonates, this observational study demonstrates that second- rather than third-trimester maternal vaccination results in higher birth anti-pertussis toxin titers in preterm neonates.
March 14, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328980/early-biomarkers-of-brain-injury-and-cerebral-hypo-and-hyperoxia-in-the-safeboosc-ii-trial
#6
Anne M Plomgaard, Thomas Alderliesten, Topun Austin, Frank van Bel, Manon Benders, Olivier Claris, Eugene Dempsey, Monica Fumagalli, Christian Gluud, Cornelia Hagmann, Simon Hyttel-Sorensen, Petra Lemmers, Wim van Oeveren, Adelina Pellicer, Tue H Petersen, Gerhard Pichler, Per Winkel, Gorm Greisen
BACKGROUND: The randomized clinical trial, SafeBoosC II, examined the effect of monitoring of cerebral oxygenation by near-infrared spectroscopy combined with a guideline on treatment when cerebral oxygenation was out of the target range. Data on cerebral oxygenation was collected in both the intervention and the control group. The primary outcome was the reduction in the burden of cerebral hypo- and hyperoxia between the two groups. In this study we describe the associations between the burden of cerebral hypo- and hyperoxia, regardless of allocation to intervention or control group, and the biomarkers of brain injury from birth till term equivalent age that was collected as secondary and explorative outcomes in the SafeBoosC II trial...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328946/a-randomized-clinical-trial-in-preterm-infants-on-the-effects-of-a-home-based-early-intervention-with-the-caretoy-system
#7
Giuseppina Sgandurra, Jakob Lorentzen, Emanuela Inguaggiato, Laura Bartalena, Elena Beani, Francesca Cecchi, Paolo Dario, Matteo Giampietri, Gorm Greisen, Anna Herskind, Jens Bo Nielsen, Giuseppe Rossi, Giovanni Cioni
CareToy system is an innovative tele-rehabilitative tool, useful in providing intensive, individualized, home-based, family-centred Early Intervention (EI) in infants. Our aim was to evaluate, through a Randomized Clinical Trial (RCT) study, the effects of CareToy intervention on early motor and visual development in preterm infants. 41 preterm infants (range age: 3.0-5.9 months of corrected age) were enrolled and randomized into two groups, CareToy and Standard Care. 19 infants randomized in CareToy group performed a 4-week CareToy program, while 22 allocated to control group completed 4 weeks of Standard Care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328840/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-showed-reduction-of-length-of-stay-and-costs-in-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Diego Lanaro, Nuria Ruffini, Andrea Manzotti, Gianluca Lista
BACKGROUND: Osteopathic medicine is an emerging and complementary method used in neonatology. METHODS: Outcomes were the mean difference in length of stay (LOS) and costs between osteopathy and alternative treatment group. A comprehensive literature search of (quasi)- randomized controlled trials (RCTs), was conducted from journal inception to May, 2015. Eligible studies must have treated preterm infants directly in the crib or bed and Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment (OMT) must have been performed by osteopaths...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328304/influence-of-additional-ankle-weights-on-kinematic-variables-of-late-preterm-infants-aged-3-4-months
#9
Jadiane Dionisio, Gabriela Lopes Dos Santos, Eloisa Tudella
The authors analyzed and compared the effect of additional weight on the spatiotemporal parameters of the kicking movement of late preterm and full-term infants. The experiment was divided into 4 conditions: training, baseline, weight, and postweight. In the W condition, a weight of one third the lower limb mass was added to the infant's ankle. During the baseline and postweight conditions, the ankle weight was removed. Late preterm infants do not differ from full-term infants in relation to spatiotemporal variables at 3 and 4 months...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328031/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-antepartum-complications-a-novel-risk-factor-for-gestational-diabetes-and-preeclampsia
#10
Jonathan G Shaw, Steven M Asch, Jodie G Katon, Kate A Shaw, Rachel Kimerling, Susan M Frayne, Ciaran S Phibbs
BACKGROUND: Prior work shows that Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) predicts an increased risk of preterm birth, but the causal pathway(s) are uncertain. We evaluate the associations between PTSD and antepartum complications to explore how PTSD's pathophysiology impacts pregnancy. METHODS: This retrospective cohort analysis of all Veterans Health Administration (VA)-covered deliveries from 2000-12 used the data of VA clinical and administration. Mothers with current PTSD were identified using the ICD-9 diagnostic codes (i...
March 22, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327589/non-occupational-physical-activity-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-preterm-birth-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-and-interventional-studies
#11
Ju Wen, Pengcheng Xun, Cheng Chen, Minghui Quan, Ru Wang, Yu Liu, Ka He
A meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the association between non-occupational physical activity (PA) during pregnancy and the risk of preterm birth (PTB). By searching PubMed and EMBASE from inception to August 20, 2016, 25 observational studies (18 cohorts and 7 case-controls) and 12 interventional studies were identified. Comparing the highest to the lowest category of leisure-time PA during pregnancy, the pooled relative risk (RR) of PTB was 0.83 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.74-0.93] for cohort studies and 0...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326964/adrenal-histologic-stress-related-changes-in-third-trimester-stillbirth
#12
Suzanne M Jacques, Faisal Qureshi
Adrenal histologic changes, including compact cell change (CCC), cystic change (CYC), and adrenal hemorrhage (AH), and their clinical correlations have only infrequently been investigated in stillbirth. We evaluated 75 third trimester singleton stillborns with complete autopsies (30 term and 45 preterm). A total of 58 had unexplained stillbirth and 17 had clinical placental abruption. The mothers were predominantly African-American (89%). CCC and CYC were diagnosed as cytoplasmic eosinophilia and cystic cavities in the definitive cortex, respectively...
March 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326958/persistent-left-superior-vena-cava
#13
Vrinda Nair, Kamran Yusuf, Weiming Yu, Hafez AlAwad, Kathy Paul, Essa Al Awad
Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is a common cardiac anomaly associated with congenital heart diseases. A diagnosis of PLSVC usually warrants a detailed fetal echocardiography. Lesser known associations are the extra cardiac anomalies notably the upper airway and the gastrointestinal tract anomalies. We highlight here the importance of detailed fetal assessment for extra cardiac anomalies in addition to fetal echocardiography in fetuses diagnosed with PLSVC. We hereby present a preterm infant who presented with a triad of PLSVC, laryngeal atresia, and esophageal atresia...
March 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326643/early-upper-lip-pressure-ulcer-in-a-preterm-neonate
#14
Masami Makimoto, Yukako Kawasaki, Satomi Inomata, Kentaro Tamura, Taketoshi Yoshida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326198/could-perinatal-asphyxia-induce-a-synaptopathy-new-highlights-from-an-experimental-model
#15
REVIEW
María Inés Herrera, Matilde Otero-Losada, Lucas Daniel Udovin, Carlos Kusnier, Rodolfo Kölliker-Frers, Wanderley de Souza, Francisco Capani
Birth asphyxia also termed perinatal asphyxia is an obstetric complication that strongly affects brain structure and function. Central nervous system is highly susceptible to oxidative damage caused by perinatal asphyxia while activation and maturity of the proper pathways are relevant to avoiding abnormal neural development. Perinatal asphyxia is associated with high morbimortality in term and preterm neonates. Although several studies have demonstrated a variety of biochemical and molecular pathways involved in perinatal asphyxia physiopathology, little is known about the synaptic alterations induced by perinatal asphyxia...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326082/neonatal-group-b-streptococcal-disease-in-otherwise-healthy-infants-failure-of-specific-neonatal-immune-responses
#16
Alessandro Borghesi, Mauro Stronati, Jacques Fellay
Only a small proportion of newborn infants exposed to a pathogenic microorganism develop overt infection. Susceptibility to infection in preterm infants and infants with known comorbidities has a likely multifactorial origin and can be often attributed to the concurrence of iatrogenic factors, environmental determinants, underlying pathogenic processes, and probably genetic predisposition. Conversely, infection occurring in otherwise healthy full-term newborn infants is unexplained in most cases. Microbial virulence factors and the unique characteristics of the neonatal immune system only partially account for the interindividual variability in the neonatal immune responses to pathogens...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325811/a-theoretical-and-practical-approach-to-defining-adequate-oxygenation-in-the-preterm-newborn
#17
REVIEW
Chad C Andersen, Nicolette A Hodyl, Haresh M Kirpalani, Michael J Stark
John Scott Haldane recognized that the administration of supplemental oxygen required titration in the individual. Although he made this observation in adults, it is equally applicable to the preterm newborn. But how, in practice, can the oxygen requirements in the preterm newborn be determined to avoid the consequences of too little and too much oxygen? Unfortunately, the current generation of oxygen saturation trials in preterm newborns guides saturation thresholds rather than individual oxygen requirements...
March 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325581/prenatal-prediction-of-pulmonary-hypoplasia
#18
REVIEW
Jourdan E Triebwasser, Marjorie C Treadwell
Pulmonary hypoplasia, although rare, is associated with significant neonatal morbidity and mortality. Conditions associated with pulmonary hypoplasia include those which limit normal thoracic capacity or movement, including skeletal dysplasias and abdominal wall defects; those with mass effect, including congenital diaphragmatic hernia and pleural effusions; and those with decreased amniotic fluid, including preterm, premature rupture of membranes, and genitourinary anomalies. The ability to predict severe pulmonary hypoplasia prenatally aids in family counseling, as well as obstetric and neonatal management...
March 15, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325575/infection-and-preterm-birth
#19
EDITORIAL
Chang-Chin Yeh, Chih-Yao Chen, Peng-Hui Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325171/pregnancy-and-neonatal-outcomes-among-a-cohort-of-hiv-infected-women-in-a-large-italian-teaching-hospital-a-30-year-retrospective-study
#20
S Grignolo, R Agnello, D Gerbaldo, C Gotta, C Alicino, F Del Puente, L Taramasso, B Bruzzone, C Gustavino, S Trasino, A DE Maria, G Icardi, C Viscoli, A DI Biagio
The primary study objective was to investigate three decades from 1985 to 2014 of changes in pregnancies among HIV-infected women. The secondary objective was to assess risk factors associated with preterm delivery and severe small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants in HIV-infected women. A retrospective review of deliveries among pregnant HIV-infected women at the University of Genoa and IRCCS San Martino-IST in Genoa between 1985 and 2014 was performed. Univariate and multivariable analyses were used to study the variables associated with neonatal outcomes...
March 22, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
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