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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919258/examining-the-time-course-of-genital-and-subjective-sexual-responses-in-women-and-men-with-concurrent-plethysmography-and-thermography
#1
Jackie S Huberman, Samantha J Dawson, Meredith L Chivers
Sexual response is a dynamic process, though there is limited knowledge of the time course and relationships among its psychological and physiological components. To address this gap, we concurrently assessed self-reported sexual arousal, genital temperature (with thermography), and genital vasocongestion (with vaginal photoplethysmography [VPP] or penile plethysmography [PPG]) during sexual and nonsexual films in 28 androphilic women (attracted to men) and 27 gynephilic men (attracted to women). Men and women had similarly strong agreement between subjective and genital responses (sexual concordance) with thermography, but this agreement was stronger in men than women with PPG/VPP...
September 14, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913121/the-impact-of-abdominal-and-laparoscopic-hysterectomies-on-women-s-sexuality-and-psychological-condition
#2
Meryem Kürek Eken, Gülşah İlhan, Osman Temizkan, Evrim Erbek Çelik, Dilşad Herkiloğlu, Ateş Karateke
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there were any differences in the quality of life, sexual function, and self-esteem of patients who underwent total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) (n=42) and total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) (n=42). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All premenopausal patients who underwent TLH or TAH because of benign uterine disorders were enrolled. The sexual function and quality of life status were assessed preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively using three standardized validated questionnaires: the Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale (ASEX), the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES)...
December 2016: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910749/optimizing-assessment-of-sexual-arousal-in-postmenopausal-women-using-erotic-film-clips
#3
Lauren G Ramos Alarcon, Jing Dai, Karen Collins, Mindy Perez, Terri Woodard, Michael P Diamond
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess sexual arousal in a subgroup of women by identifying erotic film clips that would be most mentally appealing and physically arousing to postmenopausal women. STUDY DESIGN: By measuring levels of mental appeal and self-reported physical arousal using a bidirectional scale, we aimed to elucidate the clips that would best be utilized for sexual health research in the postmenopausal or over 50-year-old subpopulation. RESULTS: Our results showed that postmenopausal women did not rate clips with older versus younger actors differently (p>0...
August 18, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902065/relationship-between-unsupervised-time-and-participation-in-an-emotion-regulation-intervention-and-risk-outcomes
#4
Wendy Hadley, David Barker, Sneha Thamotharan, Christopher D Houck
OBJECTIVE: This study is a secondary analysis of outcomes examining risk behavior in the context of the naturalistic occurrence of parental monitoring and participation in an emotion regulation intervention over a 12-month period. METHOD: Early adolescents with mental health symptoms (N=420), ages 12-14 years, were recruited and randomized into either an Emotional Regulation (ER) or Health Promotion (HP) condition. Assessments included adolescent self-report of unsupervised time, substance use and sexual behavior at baseline, 6-months, and one year post-intervention...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899827/a-randomized-trial-of-clitoral-vacuum-suction-versus-vibratory-stimulation-in-neurogenic-female-orgasmic-dysfunction
#5
Marcalee Alexander, Khurram Bashir, Craig Alexander, Lesley Marson, Raymond Rosen
OBJECTIVE: To examine safety and efficacy of use of a clitoral vacuum suction device (CVSD) versus vibratory stimulation (V) to treat orgasmic dysfunction in women with MS or SCI. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Two academic medical centers. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-one women including 20 with MS and 11 with SCI. INTERVENTION: A 12-week trial of the use of a CVSD versus V MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Female Sexual Function Inventory (FSFI) and Female Sexual Distress Scale (FSDS)...
September 9, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893567/molecular-basis-of-androgen-action-on-human-sexual-desire
#6
REVIEW
Daniele Santi, Giorgia Spaggiari, Lisa Gilioli, Francesco Potì, Manuela Simoni, Livio Casarini
Reproduction is a fundamental process for the species maintenance and the propagation of genetic information. The energy expenditure for mating is overtaken by motivational stimuli, such as orgasm, finely regulated by steroid hormones, gonadotropins, neurotransmitters and molecules acting in the brain and peripheral organs. These functions are often investigated using animal models and translated to humans, where the androgens action is mediated by nuclear and membrane receptors converging in the regulation of both long-term genomic and rapid non-genomic signals...
September 8, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893376/regulation-of-sleep-homeostasis-by-sexual-arousal
#7
Esteban J Beckwith, Quentin Geissmann, Alice S French, Giorgio F Gilestro
In all animals, sleep pressure is under continuous tight regulation. It is universally accepted that this regulation arises from a two-process model, integrating both a circadian and a homeostatic controller. Here we explore the role of environmental social signals as a third, parallel controller of sleep homeostasis and sleep pressure. We show that, in Drosophila melanogaster males, sleep pressure after sleep deprivation can be counteracted by raising their sexual arousal, either by engaging the flies with prolonged courtship activity or merely by exposing them to female pheromones...
September 12, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892486/misattribution-of-musical-arousal-increases-sexual-attraction-towards-opposite-sex-faces-in-females
#8
Manuela M Marin, Raphaela Schober, Bruno Gingras, Helmut Leder
Several theories about the origins of music have emphasized its biological and social functions, including in courtship. Music may act as a courtship display due to its capacity to vary in complexity and emotional content. Support for music's reproductive function comes from the recent finding that only women in the fertile phase of the reproductive cycle prefer composers of complex melodies to composers of simple ones as short-term sexual partners, which is also in line with the ovulatory shift hypothesis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889754/the-development-and-initial-evaluation-of-the-pornography-use-avoidance-self-efficacy-scale
#9
Shane W Kraus, Harold Rosenberg, Steve Martino, Charla Nich, Marc N Potenza
Background and aims This study employed a newly developed questionnaire to evaluate whether men's self-efficacy to avoid using pornography in each of 18 emotional, social, or sexually arousing situations was associated with either their typical frequency of pornography use or their hypersexuality. Methods Using an Internet-based data collection procedure, 229 male pornography users (Mage = 33.3 years, SD = 12.2) who had sought or considered seeking professional help for their use of pornography completed questionnaires assessing their situationally specific self-efficacy, history of pornography use, self-efficacy to employ specific pornography-reduction strategies, hypersexuality, and demographic characteristics...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886468/do-drives-drive-the-train-of-thought-effects-of-hunger-and-sexual-arousal-on-mind-wandering-behavior
#10
Jan Rummel, Laura Nied
Physiological needs that are currently unfulfilled are known to affect human cognition and behavior. The present study investigates whether and how the temporary activation of two primary physiological needs, namely hunger and sexual arousal, influence both the frequency and the contents of mind-wandering episodes. To induce hunger, one group of participants fasted for a minimum of five hours whereas another group of participants was exposed to audio material with explicit sexual content to provoke sexual arousal...
September 5, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885410/distressing-sexual-function-at-midlife-unmet-needs-practical-diagnoses-and-available-treatments
#11
James A Simon, Vanessa A Lukas
Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is characterized as chronic sexual symptoms that manifest with personal distress in the domains of desire, arousal, orgasm, and pain. Extensive epidemiologic evidence estimates that almost 50% of perimenopausal and postmenopausal women experience FSD. Screening for FSD is not readily conducted and patient-physician discussion of sexuality is limited by the lack of physician training on the topic and by the patient-held belief that sexual issues are not medical in nature. The purpose of this commentary is to provide clinicians with a framework to approach the discussion of FSD, to clinically identify FSD through patient symptoms and physical signs, and to manage FSD in perimenopausal and postmenopausal patients with the available U...
September 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877113/sexual-experiences-of-chinese-patients-living-with-an-ostomy
#12
Xiaomei Zhu, Yongyi Chen, Xinhui Tang, Yupan Chen, Yangyu Liu, Wei Guo, Aizhong Liu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the sexual experience of Chinese patients with ostomy and associated factors. DESIGN: A prospective descriptive study using self-report questionnaires. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Seventy-five Chinese participants who underwent ostomy surgery in a large cancer specialist hospital in the Hunan province between 2008 and 2013. METHODS: Data were collected face-to-face by the investigators in an outpatient setting from 75 participants who completed the Arizona Sexual Experience Inventory Scale (ASEX)...
September 2017: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872338/perceptions-of-valence-and-arousal-uniquely-contribute-to-perceptions-of-ambiguous-group-membership-from-faces
#13
Konstantin O Tskhay, Nicholas O Rule
Although previous research has considered the role of emotional valence in the perception and communication of group membership, the influence of perceived emotional arousal remains relatively unexplored. Here, we examined how valence and arousal simultaneously contribute to perceptions of sexual orientation and political affiliation at 3 distinct levels of analysis: within perceivers, between perceivers, and between targets. We found that valence distinguished targets best, reflecting socioemotional stereotypes, whereas arousal largely accounted for individual differences among perceivers, suggesting that perceptions of group membership partly depend on how each perceiver evaluates targets' level of arousal...
September 4, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866668/emerging-roles-of-kisspeptin-in-sexual-and-emotional-brain-processing
#14
Alexander N Comninos, Waljit S Dhillo
<br>The emergence of kisspeptin as a crucial regulator of the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis over the last 14 years has answered many questions as to the control of reproductive hormone secretion from the hypothalamus. More recently the role of kisspeptin outside the HPG axis has received increasing attention in the hope of delineating the pathways linking various sensory and social behaviours to reproduction. These studies, in a range of species from zebrafish to humans, have identified a role for kisspeptin in behavioural networks related to reproduction including olfaction, audition, fear, anxiety, mood and sexual arousal...
August 31, 2017: Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859872/different-characteristics-of-the-female-sexual-function-index-in-a-sample-of-sexually-active-and-inactive-women
#15
Krisztina Hevesi, Veronika Mészáros, Zsuzsanna Kövi, Gabriella Márki, Marianna Szabó
BACKGROUND: The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) is a widely used measurement tool to assess female sexual function along the six dimensions of desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. However, the structure of the questionnaire is not clear, and several studies have found high correlations among the dimensions, indicating that a common underlying "sexual function" factor might be present. AIM: To investigate whether female sexual function is best understood as a multidimensional construct or, alternatively, whether a common underlying factor explains most of the variance in FSFI scores, and to investigate the possible effect of the common practice of including sexually inactive women in studies using the FSFI...
September 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852274/structural-violence-on-women-an-impediment-to-women-empowerment
#16
Parul Sinha, Uma Gupta, Jyotsna Singh, Anand Srivastava
Violence on women has been present in our society since times immemorial. The ethics, the values, the morals, the culture of the society has been framed in such a way or we can say structured in such a way so as to promote exploitation of this segment which is in reality the root of the society. The concept of STRUCTURAL VIOLENCE was introduced by Johan Galtung in 1969. It refers to a form of violence wherein some http://www.studylecturenotes.com/social-sciences/sociology/370-social-institution-definitions-a-structure-of-social-institution social institution may harm people by preventing them from meeting their basic needs...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846767/effects-of-oral-vs-transdermal-estrogen-therapy-on-sexual-function-in-early-postmenopause-ancillary-study-of-the-kronos-early-estrogen-prevention-study-keeps
#17
Hugh S Taylor, Aya Tal, Lubna Pal, Fangyong Li, Dennis M Black, Eliot A Brinton, Matthew J Budoff, Marcelle I Cedars, Wei Du, Howard N Hodis, Rogerio A Lobo, JoAnn E Manson, George R Merriam, Virginia M Miller, Frederick Naftolin, Genevieve Neal-Perry, Nanette F Santoro, Sherman M Harman
Importance: Sexual dysfunction, an important determinant of women's health and quality of life, is commonly associated with declining estrogen levels around the menopausal transition. Objective: To determine the effects of oral or transdermal estrogen therapy vs placebo on sexual function in postmenopausal women. Design, Setting, and Participants: Ancillary study of the Kronos Early Estrogen Prevention Study (KEEPS), a 4-year prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial of menopausal hormone therapy in healthy, recently menopausal women...
August 28, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843867/prevalence-of-sexual-dysfunction-in-infertile-versus-fertile-couples
#18
Amir A Gabr, Eman F Omran, Ahmed A Abdallah, Mohamed M Kotb, Eman Z Farid, Amira S Dieb, Doaa S Belal
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that sexual dysfunction is higher in infertile females in relation to normal healthy women through comparing total and sexual domains scores in both groups. The secondary objectives were: to determine factors affecting occurrence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) in all sample and to determine factors affecting the different sexual domain scores within the infertile group. STUDY DESIGN: This cross sectional study was done at Cairo University Hospital...
August 19, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843425/does-being-drunk-or-high-cause-hiv-sexual-risk-behavior-a-systematic-review-of-drug-administration-studies
#19
REVIEW
Meredith S Berry, Matthew W Johnson
HIV sexual risk behavior is broadly associated with substance use. Yet critical questions remain regarding the potential causal link between substance use (e.g., intoxication) and HIV sexual risk behavior. The present systematic review was designed to examine and synthesize the existing literature regarding the effects of substance administration on HIV sexual risk behavior. Randomized controlled experiments investigating substance administration and HIV sexual risk behavior (e.g., likelihood of condom use in a casual sex scenario) were included...
August 23, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841367/knowledge-attitude-and-experience-of-health-professionals-of-female-genital-mutilation-fgm-a-qualitative-study-in-iraqi-kurdistan-region
#20
Nazar P Shabila, Hamdia M Ahmed, Kolsoom Safar
We aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and experience of health professionals of female genital mutilation (FGM). The study involved content analysis of semi-structured interviews with 21 health professionals. The participants had poor knowledge regarding different aspects of FGM including its types, prevalence, and complications as well as the existing legislation which prohibits FGM. They believed that FGM is mainly practiced for religious reasons and to reduce sexual desire/arousal. Health professionals are apparently not involved in performing FGM, and they don't support its continuation...
August 25, 2017: Health Care for Women International
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