keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Paediatric ALL

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107572/introduction-of-a-new-paediatric-asthma-guideline-effects-on-asthma-control-levels
#1
S C Hammer, L J H Sonneveld, K D G van de Kant, H J Hendriks, J W Heynens, R Droog, E Dompeling, Q Jöbsis
BACKGROUND: In 2008, a new national paediatric asthma management guideline based on the international Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guideline, was launched in the Netherlands. We studied whether asthma control and treatment regimens improved after introduction of the guideline by comparing survey data before and after the guideline introduction. METHODS: Two comparable groups of children (6-16 years) with asthma were included before (2004) and after (2013) the introduction of the guideline...
January 20, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107568/oral-immunoglobulin-treatment-improved-intestinal-permeability-in-children-with-active-crohn-s-disease
#2
Tommy Sundqvist, Lars Stenhammar, Bo Tjellström, Karl-Eric Magnusson, Tony Forslund, Lotta Högberg
AIM: Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic mucosal inflammation that affects the intestinal barrier function, for example by altering the intestinal permeability. This pilot clinical study investigated the impact of oral human immunoglobulin (OHIG) treatment on permeability characteristics in children with active luminal Crohn's disease. METHODS: The study was performed at the Department of Paediatrics, Norrköping Hospital, Sweden. Intestinal permeability was studied in three boys aged 13, 15 and 18 years with active CD, before and after a six-week treatment programme with OHIG, using different-sized polyethylene glycols the test molecules...
January 20, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106914/classification-of-childhood-onset-eating-disorders-a-latent-class-analysis
#3
Leora Pinhas, Dasha Nicholls, Ross D Crosby, Anne Morris, Richard M Lynn, Sloane Madden
This study tested the hypothesis that latent class analysis (LCA) would successfully classify eating disorder (ED) symptoms in children into categories that mapped onto DSM-5 diagnoses and that these categories would be consistent across countries. Childhood onset ED cases were ascertained through prospective active surveillance by the Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit, the Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program, and the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit for 36, 24, and 14 months, respectively. Pediatricians and child psychiatrists reported symptoms of any child aged ≤ 12 years with a newly diagnosed restrictive ED...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106792/prevalence-and-correlates-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-chinese-children-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#4
Peige Song, Jinyue Yu, Xinlei Chang, Manli Wang, Lin An
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is generally defined as a cluster of metabolically related cardiovascular risk factors which are often associated with the condition of insulin resistance, elevated blood pressure, and abdominal obesity. During the past decades, MetS has become a major public health issue worldwide in both adults and children. In this study, data from the China Health and Nutrition Surveys (CHNS) was used to assess the prevalence of MetS based on both the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATPIII) guidelines and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria, and to evaluate its possible correlates...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105526/first-versus-second-year-respiratory-syncytial-virus-prophylaxis-in-chronic-lung-disease-2005-2015
#5
Daniel Y Wang, Abby Li, Bosco Paes, Ian Mitchell, Krista L Lanctôt
: Children aged <2 years with chronic lung disease (CLD) have a 10-fold higher risk for respiratory syncytial virus-positive hospitalization (RSVH) compared to healthy term infants. Based on the updated position statements, we compared respiratory-related illness hospitalization (RIH) and RSVH risks in CLD children who received palivizumab during the first year (FY) versus second year (SY) of life in the Canadian Registry of Palivizumab (CARESS). Demographic data were collected at enrolment and RIH events recorded monthly from 2005 to 2015...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104626/deformational-plagiocephaly-in-normal-infants-a-systematic-review-of-causes-and-hypotheses
#6
Freia De Bock, Volker Braun, Herbert Renz-Polster
BACKGROUND: Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) is one of the most prevalent abnormal findings in infants and a frequent reason for parents to seek paediatric advice. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature and identify evidence and hypotheses on the aetiology and determinants of DP in otherwise healthy infants. DESIGN: Systematic keyword search in all major biomedical databases to identify peer-reviewed publications reporting (a) empirical research or (b) hypotheses on the aetiology of DP in healthy, term infants...
January 19, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101561/wheelchair-donation-in-a-low-resources-setting-utilization-challenges-and-benefits-of-wheelchair-provided-through-a-specialized-seating-programme-in-haiti
#7
Emma Sumner, Colleen O'Connell, Brenda MacAlpine
OBJECTIVE: To describe a 6-month follow-up of a specialized paediatric wheelchair and seating programme in Haiti. DESIGN: Descriptive design using a structured survey and open-ended questions. METHODS: Concurrent with a seating and wheelchair programme conducted in northern Haiti, beneficiaries and their families were introduced to the study, and 86 of 91 consented to future contact. A survey was developed with input from international and local partners, and administered by face-to-face or telephone interviews...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099760/clinical-behavioural-and-social-indicators-for-poor-glycaemic-control-around-the-time-of-transfer-to-adult-care-a-longitudinal-study-of-126-young-people-with-diabetes
#8
P Castensøe-Seidenfaden, A Kryger Jensen, H Smedegaard, E Hommel, G Reventlov Husted, U Pedersen-Bjergaard, G Teilmann
AIMS: To describe and compare changes in glycaemic control in young people with Type 1 diabetes over time between the last 2 years in paediatric care and the first 2 years in adult care and to identify risk factors for poor glycaemic control. METHODS: Our retrospective cohort study followed participants aged 14-22 years from 2 years before to 2 years after transfer from paediatric to adult care. Changes in glycaemic control were calculated using repeated measurements...
January 18, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099181/adverse-events-and-risk-factors-during-emergency-intubation-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-emergency-department
#9
Ruth M C Löllgen, Jennifer Pontin, Matthew Gow, Mary E McCaskill
BACKGROUND: Rapid sequence intubation and emergency intubation in the emergency department (ED) can be life-saving procedures, but require the appropriate skills, experience and preparation to avoid complications ranging from simple trauma to life-threatening desaturation. Only scarce data exist in the published literature on complications following emergency intubation in children and most guidelines are extrapolated from the adult population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed all emergency intubations of patients in our tertiary paediatric ED within a 2-year period to estimate the incidence of complications and to analyse the risk factors associated with this procedure...
January 17, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096105/the-value-of-paediatric-assessment-in-historic-child-sexual-abuse
#10
Sarah Al-Jilaihawi, Kevin Borg, Sabine Maguire, Deborah Hodes
INTRODUCTION: A perception exists that there are few benefits of a paediatric assessment in historic child sexual abuse (CSA), as the likelihood of finding forensic evidence is low. AIM: To determine the value of a comprehensive paediatric assessment in a dedicated clinic for children and young people who present following suspicion or allegation of historic CSA. METHOD: All children with suspected or alleged historic CSA, defined as >7 days after the last episode of sexual assault in pubertal girls, or >3 days for prepubertal girls and all boys, were assessed in a specialised paediatric clinic...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096102/nihr-clinical-research-networks-what-they-do-and-how-they-help-paediatric-research
#11
REVIEW
Hanna Lythgoe, Victoria Price, Vanessa Poustie, Sabah Attar, Daniel Hawcutt, Jennifer Preston, Michael W Beresford
This review provides paediatricians with an update on the new structure of the National Institute for Health Research's (NIHR) Clinical Research Network (CRN): Children and its role within the wider NIHR infrastructure. The network supports delivery of high-quality research within the NHS in England and supports researchers, through provision of staff and resources, with feasibility, site set-up, patient recruitment and study management. Since 2013, over 80% of commercial contract studies running within the UK sat within the UKCRN Portfolio...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093642/the-ethical-framework-for-performing-research-with-rare-inherited-neurometabolic-disease-patients
#12
Viviana Giannuzzi, Hugo Devlieger, Lucia Margari, Viveca Lena Odlind, Lamis Ragab, Cinzia Maria Bellettato, Francesca D'Avanzo, Christina Lampe, Linda Cassis, Elisenda Cortès-Saladelafont, Ángels Garcia Cazorla, Ivo Barić, Ljerka Cvitanović-Šojat, Ksenija Fumić, Christine I Dali, Franco Bartoloni, Fedele Bonifazi, Maurizio Scarpa, Adriana Ceci
: The need for performing clinical trials to develop well-studied and appropriate medicines for inherited neurometabolic disease patients faces ethical concerns mainly raising from four aspects: the diseases are rare; include young and very young patients; the neurological impairment may compromise the capability to provide 'consent'; and the genetic nature of the disease leads to further ethical implications. This work is intended to identify the ethical provisions applicable to clinical research involving these patients and to evaluate if these cover the ethical issues...
January 16, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092092/domains-of-daily-physical-activity-in-children-with-mitochondrial-disease-a-3d-accelerometry-approach
#13
Saskia Koene, Ilse Dirks, Esmee van Mierlo, Pascal R de Vries, Anjo J W M Janssen, Jan A M Smeitink, Arjen Bergsma, Hans Essers, Kenneth Meijer, Imelda J M de Groot
Feasible, sensitive and clinically relevant outcome measures are of extreme importance when designing clinical trials. For paediatric mitochondrial disease, no robust end point has been described to date. The aim of this study was to select the domains of daily physical activity, which can be measured by 3D accelerometry, that could serve as sensitive end points in future clinical trials in children with mitochondrial disorders.In this exploratory observational study, 17 patients with mitochondrial disease and 16 age- and sex-matched controls wore 3D accelerometers at the upper leg, upper arm, lower arm and chest during one weekend...
January 17, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091756/-recommendation-on-temperature-management-after-cardiopulmonary-arrest-and-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-in-childhood-beyond-the-neonatal-period-statement-of-the-german-society-for-neonatology-and-pediatric-intensive-care-medicine%C3%A2-gnpi-and-the-scientific-working
#14
S Brenner, C Eich, G Rellensmann, M U Schuhmann, T Nicolai, F Hoffmann
The available data on the effectiveness of therapeutic hypothermia in different patient groups are heterogeneous. Although the benefits have been proven for some collectives, recommendations for the use of hypothermia treatment in other groups are based on less robust data and conclusions by analogy. This article gives a review of the current evidence of temperature management in all age groups and based on this state of knowledge, recommends active temperature management with the primary aim of strict normothermia (36-36...
January 13, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091358/a-survey-of-exercise-advice-and-recommendations-in-united-kingdom-paediatric-cardiac-clinics
#15
Craig A Williams, Lucy Gowing, Richard Horn, Alan Graham Stuart
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and exercise have important health benefits for children and adolescents with CHD. The objective of this study was to survey the provision of advice and recommendations in United Kingdom paediatric CHD clinics. METHODS: A three-page questionnaire was sent out to paediatric cardiac consultants in the United Kingdom, paediatric consultants with expertise in cardiology, and nursing staff (Paediatricians with Expertise in Cardiology Special Interest Group), as well as all members of the British Congenital Cardiovascular Association...
January 16, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091357/assessment-of-the-need-for-a-cardiac-morphology-curriculum-for-paediatric-cardiology-fellows
#16
Lindsay S Rogers, Melissa Klein, Jeanne James, Michael FitzGerald
BACKGROUND: Expert knowledge of cardiac malformations is essential for paediatric cardiologists. Current cardiac morphology fellowship teaching format, content, and nomenclature are left up to the discretion of the individual fellowship programmes. We aimed to assess practices and barriers in morphology education, perceived effectiveness of current curricula, and preferences for a standardised fellow morphology curriculum. METHODS: A web-based survey was developed de novo and administered anonymously via e-mail to all paediatric cardiology fellowship programme directors and associate directors in the United States of America; leaders were asked to forward the survey to fellows...
January 16, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091344/a-comprehensive-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-pharmacological-and-dietary-supplement-interventions-in-paediatric-autism-moderators-of-treatment-response-and-recommendations-for-future-research
#17
A Masi, A Lampit, M M DeMayo, N Glozier, I B Hickie, A J Guastella
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are pervasive and multifactorial neurodevelopmental conditions, characterized by impairments in social communication and interaction, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests or activities. Treatment options to ameliorate symptoms of ASDs are limited. Heterogeneity complicates the quest for personalized medicine in this population. Our aim was to investigate if there are baseline characteristics of patients that moderate response or trial design features that impede the identification of efficacious interventions for ASDs...
January 16, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089986/estimating-glomerular-filtration-rate-for-the-full-age-spectrum-from-serum-creatinine-and-cystatin-c
#18
Hans Pottel, Pierre Delanaye, Elke Schaeffner, Laurence Dubourg, Bjørn Odvar Eriksen, Toralf Melsom, Edmund J Lamb, Andrew D Rule, Stephen T Turner, Richard J Glassock, Vandréa De Souza, Luciano Selistre, Karolien Goffin, Steven Pauwels, Christophe Mariat, Martin Flamant, Natalie Ebert
BACKGROUND: We recently published and validated the new serum creatinine (Scr)-based full-age-spectrum equation (FAScrea) for estimating the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) for healthy and kidney-diseased subjects of all ages. The equation was based on the concept of normalized Scr and shows equivalent to superior prediction performance to the currently recommended equations for children, adolescents, adults and older adults. METHODS: Based on an evaluation of the serum cystatin C (ScysC) distribution, we defined normalization constants for ScysC (QcysC = 0...
January 15, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089444/health-care-associated-infections-in-neonates-children-and-adolescents-an-analysis-of-paediatric-data-from-the-european-centre-for-disease-prevention-and-control-point-prevalence-survey
#19
Walter Zingg, Susan Hopkins, Angèle Gayet-Ageron, Alison Holmes, Mike Sharland, Carl Suetens
BACKGROUND: In 2011-12, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) held the first Europe-wide point-prevalence survey of health-care-associated infections in acute care hospitals. We analysed paediatric data from this survey, aiming to calculate the prevalence and type of health-care-associated infections in children and adolescents in Europe and to determine risk factors for infection in this population. METHODS: Point-prevalence surveys took place from May, 2011, to November, 2012, in 1149 hospitals in EU Member States, Iceland, Norway, and Croatia...
January 12, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088941/fracture-union-in-percutaneous-kirschner-wire-fixation-in-paediatric-tibial-shaft-fractures
#20
Ramji Lal Sahu, Rajni Ranjan
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of intramedullary Kirschner wires for the treatment of unstable tibial shaft fractures in children. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery in Maharishi Markandeshwar Medical College from June 2005 to June 2010. Sixty-six children having closed fracture of the tibial shaft with a mean age of 7.7 years (range, 2-14 years) were recruited from emergency and outpatient department. They were treated with percutaneous intramedullary Kirschner wires...
December 1, 2016: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
keyword
keyword
50969
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"