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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338601/reflections-on-the-development-of-a-therapeutic-recreation-based-bereavement-camp-for-families-whose-child-has-died-from-serious-illness
#1
Peter Hanlon, Suzanne Guerin, Gemma Kiernan
While bereavement camps serve as a support for children, this study examines a therapeutic recreation-based camp for families who have lost a child. The study triangulated documents, researcher reflection and staff interviews to highlight the themes of Searching & Finding, Getting to Know, Finding the Balance and Joining. Developing opportunistically through internal and external factors, the camp's evolution represents a closing of the loop, from supporting families of living children to also supporting the families of children who have died...
January 17, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327534/gastric-angioinvasive-mucormycosis-in-immunocompetent-adult-a-rare-occurrence
#2
Mukesh Nasa, Zubin Sharma, Lipika Lipi, Randhir Sud
Mucormycosis is a rare, opportunistic fungal infection that occurs almost exclusively in immunocompromised hosts such as patients with diabetes mellitus, leukemia, lymphoma, renal disease, septicemia, burns, malnutrition, and following long-term treatment with steroids and antibiotics. Based on the clinical presentation and involvement, mucormycosis is classified as six major forms, namely, rhinocerebral, pulmonary, cutaneous, gastrointestinal (GI), disseminated and miscellaneous, with rhinocerebral and pulmonary being the common forms...
December 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323557/neuropsychological-assessment-of-412-hiv-infected-individuals-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#3
Maria Rita Polo Gascón, José Ernesto Vidal, Yolanda Marques Mazzaro, Jerusa Smid, Rosa Maria Nascimento Marcusso, Claudio Garcia Capitão, Elizeu Macedo Coutinho, Glaucia Rosana Guerra Benute, Mara Cristina Souza De Lucia, Augusto César Penalva de Oliveira
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) remain frequent even among individuals receiving combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). In addition, HAND may adversely affect the quality of life and adherence to cART. There is scarce epidemiological information about HAND in Latin America. This cross-sectional study recruited HIV-infected patients from a tertiary teaching institution in São Paulo, Brazil, between May 2013 and February 2015. The patients were adults with at least 4 years of education and patients with current neurological or psychiatric diseases were excluded...
January 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303280/-pneumonia-in-immunocompromised-persons
#4
Jana Skřičková
In the broadest sense, the term immunocompromised individual means a person with any impairment of infection resistance, whether it is deficiency or impairment of innate resistance (by another name impairment of non-specific resistance), or impairment of acquired resistance (impairment of specific immunity). Pneumonia in immunocompromised patients is characterized by a different microbiological spectrum. Apart from common pathogens there are also opportunistic agents involved in this group of patients. Management of pneumonia in immunocompromised patients is often decisive for their future fate...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301267/the-effect-of-detectable-hiv-viral-load-among-hiv-infected-children-during-antiretroviral-treatment-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Visal Moolasart, Suthat Chottanapund, Jarurnsook Ausavapipit, Sirirat Likanonsakul, Sumonmal Uttayamakul, Don Changsom, Hatairat Lerdsamran, Pilaipan Puthavathana
The RNA viral load of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is initially used to determine the status of the HIV infection. The goal of therapy following treatment failure is to achieve and maintain virologic suppression. A detectable viral load may relate to the progression of HIV infection. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from January 2013 to December 2014 at the Bamrasnaradura Infectious Diseases Institute, Thailand. The aim was to determine the prevalence of detectable HIV viral load (dVL) and analyze the factors associated with post-dVL conditions that occur independently of a switch to a new antiretroviral agent...
January 1, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297205/cyclophosphamide-for-connective-tissue-disease-associated-interstitial-lung-disease
#6
REVIEW
Hayley Barnes, Anne E Holland, Glen P Westall, Nicole Sl Goh, Ian N Glaspole
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-third of individuals with interstitial lung disease (ILD) have associated connective tissue disease (CTD). The connective tissue disorders most commonly associated with ILD include scleroderma/systemic sclerosis (SSc), rheumatoid arthritis, polymyositis/dermatomyositis, and Sjögren's syndrome. Although many people with CTD-ILD do not develop progressive lung disease, a significant proportion do progress, leading to reduced physical function, decreased quality of life, and death...
January 3, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280704/reversible-pneumatosis-cystoides-intestinalis-after-liver-transplantation
#7
M Telegrafo, A A Stabile Ianora, G Angelelli, M Moschetta
Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is a rare disease characterized by the presence of multiple gas-filled cysts within the submucosa or subserosa of the intestinal wall. We report a case of PCI in a 54-yearold man 4 weeks after liver transplantation due to hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated liver cirrhosis presenting with illness, diarrhea and abdominal pain. CT scans revealed normal shape of the abdominal parenchymal organs and no intra-hepatic complication due to liver transplantation. Main abdominal venous and arterial vessels resulted patent...
September 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280197/fulminant-cryptococcus-neoformans-infection-with-fatal-pericardial-tamponade-in-a-patient-with-chronic-myelomonocytic-leukemia-who-was-treated-with-ruxolitinib-case-report-and-review-of-fungal-pericarditis
#8
Jing Liu, Elie Mouhayar, Jeffrey J Tarrand, Dimitrios P Kontoyiannis
Cryptococcus neoformans is a saprophytic fungal pathogen that can cause serious illness in immune-compromised hosts and it presents with a wide variety of clinical symptoms. We present a fatal case of fulminant C. neoformans infection presenting as pericardial tamponade in a 71-year-old male with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia undergoing chemotherapy with the JAK-STAT inhibitor ruxolitinib. We also review the published cases of fungal pericarditis/tamponade. In addition to illustrating an atypical presentation of C...
December 27, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276506/escherichia-coli-o157-h7-converts-plant-derived-choline-to-glycine-betaine-for-osmoprotection-during-pre-and-post-harvest-colonization-of-injured-lettuce-leaves
#9
Russell A Scott, Roger Thilmony, Leslie A Harden, Yaguang Zhou, Maria T Brandl
Plant injury is inherent to the production and processing of fruit and vegetables. The opportunistic colonization of damaged plant tissue by human enteric pathogens may contribute to the occurrence of outbreaks of foodborne illness linked to produce. Escherichia coli O157:H7 (EcO157) responds to physicochemical stresses in cut lettuce and lettuce lysates by upregulation of several stress response pathways. We investigated the tolerance of EcO157 to osmotic stress imposed by the leakage of osmolytes from injured lettuce leaf tissue...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247923/distinct-pathological-profiles-of-inmates-showcasing-cluster-b-personality-traits-mental-disorders-and-substance-use-regarding-violent-behaviors
#10
Laura Dellazizzo, Jules R Dugré, Marieke Berwald, Marie-Christine Stafford, Gilles Côté, Stéphane Potvin, Alexandre Dumais
High rates of violence are found amid offenders with severe mental illnesses (SMI), substance use disorders (SUDs) and Cluster B personality disorders. Elevated rates of comorbidity lead to inconsistencies when it comes to this relationship. Furthermore, overlapping Cluster B personality traits have been associated with violence. Using multiple correspondence analysis and cluster analysis, this study was designed to differentiate profiles of 728 male inmates from penitentiary and psychiatric settings marked by personality traits, SMI and SUDs following different violent patterns...
December 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207494/an-opportunistic-pathogen-afforded-ample-opportunities-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus
#11
REVIEW
Ian M Mackay, Katherine E Arden
The human coronaviruses (CoV) include HCoV-229E, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-NL63, and HCoV-HKU1, some of which have been known for decades. The severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) CoV briefly emerged into the human population but was controlled. In 2012, another novel severely human pathogenic CoV-the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)-CoV-was identified in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; 80% of over 2000 human cases have been recorded over five years. Targeted research remains key to developing control strategies for MERS-CoV, a cause of mild illness in its camel reservoir...
December 2, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202739/the-lung-microbiome-in-patients-with-pneumocystosis
#12
J Kehrmann, B Veckollari, D Schmidt, O Schildgen, V Schildgen, N Wagner, M Zeschnigk, L Klein-Hitpass, O Witzke, J Buer, J Steinmann
BACKROUND: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) is an opportunistic fungal infection that is associated with a high morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised individuals. In this study, we analysed the microbiome of the lower respiratory tract from critically ill intensive care unit patients with and without pneumocystosis. METHODS: Broncho-alveolar fluids from 65 intubated and mechanically ventilated intensive care unit patients (34 PCP+ and 31 PCP- patients) were collected...
December 4, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164822/a-transposon-mutant-library-of-bacillus-cereus-atcc-10987-reveals-novel-genes-required-for-biofilm-formation-and-implicates-motility-as-an-important-factor-for-pellicle-biofilm-formation
#13
Mira Okshevsky, Matilde Greve Louw, Elena Otero Lamela, Martin Nilsson, Tim Tolker-Nielsen, Rikke Louise Meyer
Bacillus cereus is one of the most common opportunistic pathogens causing foodborne illness, as well as a common source of contamination in the dairy industry. B. cereus can form robust biofilms on food processing surfaces, resulting in food contamination due to shedding of cells and spores. Despite the medical and industrial relevance of this species, the genetic basis of biofilm formation in B. cereus is not well studied. In order to identify genes required for biofilm formation in this bacterium, we created a library of 5000 +  transposon mutants of the biofilm-forming strain B...
November 22, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158427/do-emotions-related-to-alcohol-consumption-differ-by-alcohol-type-an-international-cross-sectional-survey-of-emotions-associated-with-alcohol-consumption-and-influence-on-drink-choice-in-different-settings
#14
Kathryn Ashton, Mark A Bellis, Alisha R Davies, Karen Hughes, Adam Winstock
OBJECTIVES: To examine the emotions associated with drinking different types of alcohol, explore whether these emotions differ by sociodemographics and alcohol dependency and whether the emotions associated with different drink types influence people's choice of drinks in different settings. DESIGN: International cross-sectional opportunistic survey (Global Drug Survey) using an online anonymous questionnaire in 11 languages promoted through newspapers, magazines and social media from November 2015 to January 2016...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101629/multiple-opportunistic-infections-in-an-8-month-old-infant-is-it-seronegative-hiv-infection
#15
Uma Nahar Saikia, Aman Gupta, Abin Koshy, Saniya Gupta
We describe an 8-mo-old boy who presented with acute respiratory failure following a prolonged febrile respiratory illness with features suggesting immunodeficiency.
November 4, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081088/potential-immunotherapeutics-for-immunosuppression-in-sepsis
#16
REVIEW
Jinwook Shin, Mirim Jin
Sepsis is a syndrome characterized by systemic inflammatory responses to a severe infection. Acute hyper-inflammatory reactions in the acute phase of sepsis have been considered as a primary reason for organ dysfunction and mortality, and advances in emergency intervention and improved intensive care management have reduced mortalities in the early phase. However it has been recognized that increased deaths in the late phase still maintain sepsis mortality high worldwide. Patients recovered from early severe illness are unable to control immune system with sepsis-induced immunosuppression such as immunological tolerance, exhaustion and apoptosis, which make them vulnerable to nosocomial and opportunistic infections ultimately leading to threat to life...
November 1, 2017: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046746/perspectives-on-non-neoformans-cryptococcal-opportunistic-infections
#17
REVIEW
Nichole Smith, Matthew Sehring, Jefferson Chambers, Preeti Patel
Non-neoformans Cryptococcus species, including C. laurentii and C. albidus, have historically been classified as exclusively saprophytic. However, recent studies have increasingly implicated these organisms as the causative agent of opportunistic infections in humans. Herein, the case is presented of C. laurentii meningitis in a critically ill patient receiving corticosteroids. C. laurentii has been implicated in an additional 18 cases of opportunistic infection, predominantly of the skin, bloodstream, and central nervous system...
October 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038255/studies-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-mutants-indicate-pyoverdine-as-the-central-factor-in-inhibition-of-aspergillus-fumigatus-biofilm
#18
Gabriele Sass, Hasan Nazik, John Penner, Hemi Shah, Shajia Rahman Ansari, Karl V Clemons, Marie-Christine Groleau, Anna-Maria Dietl, Paolo Visca, Hubertus Haas, Eric Déziel, David A Stevens
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) and Aspergillus fumigatus (Af) are common opportunistic bacterial and fungal pathogens, respectively. They often co-exist in airways of immunocompromised patients and individuals with cystic fibrosis, where they form biofilms and cause acute and chronic illnesses. Hence the interactions between them have long been of interest, and it is known that Pa can inhibit Af in vitro We have approached the definition of the inhibitory Pa molecules by studying 24 Pa mutants, with various virulence genes deleted, for their ability to inhibit Af biofilms...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954163/use-of-the-coding-causes-of-death-in-hiv-in-the-classification-of-deaths-in-northeastern-brazil
#19
Diana Neves Alves, Cristiane Campello Bresani-Salvi, Joanna d'Arc Lyra Batista, Ricardo Arraes de Alencar Ximenes, Demócrito de Barros Miranda-Filho, Heloísa Ramos Lacerda de Melo, Maria de Fátima Pessoa Militão de Albuquerque
OBJECTIVE: Describe the coding process of death causes for people living with HIV/AIDS, and classify deaths as related or unrelated to immunodeficiency by applying the Coding Causes of Death in HIV (CoDe) system. METHODS: A cross-sectional study that codifies and classifies the causes of deaths occurring in a cohort of 2,372 people living with HIV/AIDS, monitored between 2007 and 2012, in two specialized HIV care services in Pernambuco. The causes of death already codified according to the International Classification of Diseases were recoded and classified as deaths related and unrelated to immunodeficiency by the CoDe system...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947683/headspace-volatile-organic-compounds-from-bacteria-implicated-in-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-analysed-by-td-gc-ms
#20
Oluwasola Lawal, Howbeer Muhamadali, Waqar Ahmed, Iain R White, Tamara M E Nijsen, Royston Goodacre, Stephen J Fowler
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a healthcare-acquired infection arising from the invasion of the lower respiratory tract by opportunistic pathogens in critically ill ventilated patients. The current method of diagnosis requires the culture of an airway sample such as bronchoalveolar lavage, which is invasive to obtain and may take up to seven days to identify a causal pathogen, or indeed rule out infection. While awaiting results, patients are administered empirical antibiotics; risks of this approach include lack of effect on the causal pathogen, contribution to the development of antibiotic resistance and downstream effects such as increased length of intensive care stay, cost, morbidity and mortality...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
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