keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Malignant bowel obstruction

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289512/giant-abdominal-osteosarcoma-causing-intestinal-obstruction-treated-with-resection-and-adjuvant-chemotherapy
#1
Alexandros Diamantis, Grigorios Christodoulidis, Dionysia Vasdeki, Foteini Karasavvidou, Evangelos Margonis, Konstantinos Tepetes
Extraskeletal osteosarcoma (ESOS) is an uncommon tumor that accounts for 1% of all soft tissue sarcomas and 4% of all osteosarcomas. Its presentation may be atypical, while pain has been described as the most common symptom. Radiological findings include a large mass in the soft-tissues with massive calcifications, but no attachment to the adjacent bone or periosteum. We present the case of a 73-year-old gentle man who presented with a palpable, tender abdominal mass and symptoms of bowel obstruction. Computer tomography images revealed a large space-occupying heterogeneous, hyper dense soft tissue mass involving the small intestine...
February 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287935/heterotopic-pancreas-histopathologic-features-imaging-findings-and-complications
#2
Maryam Rezvani, Christine Menias, Kumaresan Sandrasegaran, Jeffrey D Olpin, Khaled M Elsayes, Akram M Shaaban
Heterotopic pancreas is a congenital anomaly in which pancreatic tissue is anatomically separate from the main gland. The most common locations of this displacement include the upper gastrointestinal tract-specifically, the stomach, duodenum, and proximal jejunum. Less common sites are the esophagus, ileum, Meckel diverticulum, biliary tree, mesentery, and spleen. Uncomplicated heterotopic pancreas is typically asymptomatic, with the lesion being discovered incidentally during an unrelated surgery, during an imaging examination, or at autopsy...
March 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270735/chemona%C3%A3-vet%C3%A3-in-inoperable-malignant-bowel-obstruction
#3
COMMENT
Saber Boutayeb, Ibrahim El Ghissassi, Hind Mrabti, Hassan Errihani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265731/primary-surgery-for-malignant-large-bowel-obstruction-postoperative-nasogastric-tube-reinsertion-is-not-mandatory
#4
A Venara, J Barbieux, P A Colas, A Le Fouler, E Lermite, A Hamy
BACKGROUND: Malignant large bowel obstructions frequently require emergency surgery. Compliance with enhanced recovery after surgery programmes is significantly reduced due to non-removal of the nasogastric tube in the postoperative period. The first aim of the present study was to research factors associated with the failure of immediate nasogastric tube removal in patients who had undergone emergency surgery for malignant large bowel obstruction. The second aim was to assess the morbidity linked to nasogastric tube reinsertion...
March 6, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225291/-a-contribution-to-the-differential-diagnostics-of-sclerosing-cholangitides
#5
Martin Blaho, Petr Dítě, Martina Bojková, Martin Rydlo, Tomáš Kupka, Pavel Svoboda, Pavel Klvaňa, Arnošt Martínek
Sclerosing cholangitides represent a group of chronic biliary obstructive diseases which include primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), IgG4 associated sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) and secondary sclerosing cholangitis (SSC). The manifestations of the diseases are similar, but their asymptomatic course is also frequent. IgG4-SC belongs to the group of IgG4 associated diseases and it is the most frequently related to type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis. Diagnosing of IgG4-SC is based on typical histopathological images, shape changes revealed by diagnostic imaging, serological tests, concurrent impairment of other organs and response to therapy, where IgG4-SC responds well to treatment with corticoids, whereas the only possibility for the remaining units is endoscopic intervention or liver transplantation...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219849/surgical-management-of-malignant-bowel-obstruction-in-recurrent-pancreatic-cancer
#6
Hyung Sun Kim, Joon Seong Park, Jin Hong Lim, Ja Hoon Back, Dong Sup Yoon
INTRODUCTION: Malignant bowel obstruction (MBO) is harrowing complication of gastrointestinal cancers. Only a few studies have reported on the surgical roles of bowel obstruction from recurrent pancreatic cancer. We report successfully management for malignant bowel obstruction by palliative surgery for relief of symptoms. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 43 year old man was diagnosed with pancreatic tail cancer. After distal pancreatectomy, he underwent six cycle of adjuvant chemotherapy...
January 12, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197781/sclerosing-mesenteritis-a-systematic-review-of-192-cases
#7
REVIEW
Prabin Sharma, Siddhartha Yadav, Christine Marie Needham, Paul Feuerstadt
INTRODUCTION: Sclerosing mesenteritis includes a spectrum of inflammatory disorders involving the adipose tissue of the bowel mesentery. AIM: To perform a systematic review of previously reported cases of sclerosing mesenteritis (SM) to determine the epidemiology, risk factors, methods of diagnosis, treatment patterns and outcomes for this disease. METHODS: Medline, PubMed, Google Scholar and Cochrane database were searched using keywords mesenteric panniculitis, retractile mesenteritis, mesenteric lipodystrophy and sclerosing mesenteritis...
April 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168531/clinical-and-imaging-features-indicative-of-clinically-worrisome-pneumatosis-key-components-to-identifying-proper-medical-intervention
#8
Riya Goyal, Hwayoung K Lee, Meredith Akerman, Leonora W Mui
PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine clinical and imaging factors on computed tomography (CT) associated with clinically worrisome pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) that may aid in the decision to provide conservative management or urgent surgical intervention. METHODS: Informed consent was waived in this IRB approved study. Imaging features assessed included the presence, location, and pattern of PI, bowel dilatation, thickening, enhancement, stranding, portal venous (PV) and mesenteric venous gas, mesenteric edema, free air, and ascites...
February 6, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160269/infections-in-cancer-patients-with-solid-tumors-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Kenneth V I Rolston
Solid tumors are much more common than hematologic malignancies. Although severe and prolonged neutropenia is uncommon, several factors increase the risk of infection in patients with solid tumors, and the presence of multiple risk factors in the same patient is not uncommon. These include obstruction (most often caused by progression of the tumor), disruption of natural anatomic barriers such as the skin and mucosal surfaces, and treatment-related factors such as chemotherapy, radiation, diagnostic and/or therapeutic surgical procedures, and the increasing use of medical devices such as various catheters, stents, and prostheses...
March 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159802/ranitidine-forgotten-drug-of-delayed-gastric-emptying
#10
Abbie E Veevers, Stephen G Oxberry
Delayed gastric emptying in the presence or absence of mechanical bowel obstruction can cause distressing symptoms in palliative care patients. We present two patients, both with vomiting due to delayed gastric emptying and gastric outlet obstruction secondary to pancreatic cancer, treated with subcutaneous ranitidine resulting in a symptomatic response. We hypothesise that ranitidine is a useful adjunct to standard treatment with prokinetic agents or octreotide in such patients and potentially those with proximal mechanical bowel obstruction from other malignancies with associated delayed gastric emptying...
February 3, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156641/in-search-of-the-optimal-outcome-measure-for-patients-with-advanced-cancer-and-gastrointestinal-obstruction-a-qualitative-research-study
#11
Loretta A Williams, Eduardo Bruera
100 Background: Gastrointestinal obstruction (GIO) is the most common indication for palliative surgical consultation in patients with advanced cancer. The purpose of this study was to delineate the symptom burden and experience of patients with GIO. METHODS: Twenty patients with advanced cancer and GIO described symptoms at the time of surgical consultation. We used content analysis of interview transcripts and symptoms were ranked by frequency and compared to a general symptom assessment survey (MD Anderson Symptom Inventory)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151799/survival-healthcare-utilization-and-end-of-life-care-among-older-adults-with-malignancy-associated-bowel-obstruction-comparative-study-of-surgery-venting-gastrostomy-or-medical-management
#12
Elizabeth J Lilley, John W Scott, Joel E Goldberg, Christy E Cauley, Jennifer S Temel, Andrew S Epstein, Stuart R Lipsitz, Brittany L Smalls, Adil H Haider, Angela M Bader, Joel S Weissman, Zara Cooper
OBJECTIVE: To compare survival, readmissions, and end-of-life care after palliative procedures compared with medical management for malignancy-associated bowel obstruction (MBO). BACKGROUND: MBO is a late complication of intra-abdominal malignancy for which surgeons are frequently consulted. Decisions about palliative treatments, which include medical management, surgery, or venting gastrostomy tube (VGT), are hampered by the paucity of outcomes data relevant to patients approaching the end of life...
February 1, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144210/intestinal-intussusception-etiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Priscilla Marsicovetere, S Joga Ivatury, Brent White, Stefan D Holubar
Intussusception is defined as the invagination of one segment of the bowel into an immediately adjacent segment of the bowel. Idiopathic ileocolic intussusception is the most common form in children and is typically managed with nonoperative reduction via pneumatic and/or hydrostatic enemas. In the adult population, intussusception is uncommon and occurs more often in the small intestine than in the colon. It is associated with lead point pathology in most symptomatic cases presenting as bowel obstruction. When lead point pathology is present in adult small bowel intussusception, it is usually benign, though when malignant it is most frequently due to diffuse metastatic disease, for example, melanoma...
February 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133331/-a-case-of-malignant-obstruction-of-the-colon-due-to-peritoneal-dissemination-of-gastric-carcinoma-treated-with-colon-stenting-and-colectomy-after-chemotherapy
#14
Takashi Kanazawa, Motoki Ninomiya, Yasuhiro Choda, Michihiro Ishida, Soichiro Miyake, Daisuke Satoh, Noriaki Tokumoto, Masao Harano, Hiroyoshi Matsukawa, Yasutomo Ojima, Hitoshi Idani, Shigehiro Shiozaki, Masazumi Okajima
A man in his 60s underwent gastrectomy to treat gastric carcinoma. Approximately 2.5 years after the surgery, he was admitted to the hospital because of abdominal pain. He was diagnosed with obstruction of the transverse colon due to a colon tumor. A stent was placed to treat the obstruction and avoid oncologic emergency. Biopsy results and imaging showed that the patient did not have colon cancer, but his previous gastric cancer had disseminated peritoneally. Chemotherapy was selected as treatment for recurrent gastric cancer...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133062/-surgical-outcome-of-palliative-surgery-for-gastric-cancer-patients-with-bowel-obstruction-due-to-peritoneal-dissemination
#15
Ryohei Kawabata, Masato Yoshikawa, Chizu Kameda, Akihiro Takata, Akinobu Yasuyama, Tae Matsumura, Chikato Koga, Masahiro Murakami, Masaki Hirota, Shingo Noura, Junzo Shimizu, Junichi Hasegawa
A retrospective cohort analysis was performed for 21 consecutive patients who underwent palliative surgery for bowel obstruction due to peritoneal metastasis from gastric cancer. Surgical site infection occurred in 5 of 21 patients, but there were no severe(Clavien-Dindo Grade III or higher)complications, and symptoms of bowel obstruction were improved in 20 of 21 patients. The median survival time was 6.6 months. The survival rate was significantly worse for patients in modified Glasgow prognostic score(mGPS)group D compared with those in mGPS group non-D(p=0...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131064/gastric-duplication-cyst-gdc-associated-with-ectopic-pancreas-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
I D Passos, G Chatzoulis, K Milias, E Tzoi, C Christoforakis, P Spyridopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Duplication of the alimentary tract is a relatively rare congenital anomaly. It can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, with ileum being the most common site. These malformations are believed to be congenital, formed before the differentiation of epithelial lining, and therefore named for the organ with which they are associated. Duplication cysts of the stomach represent four percent of all alimentary tract duplications. CASE REPORT: Here, we report a rare case of symptomatic duplication cyst of stomach associated with ectopic pancreas presenting in adult...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104498/laparoscopic-myomectomy-a-single-centre-retrospective-review-of-514-patients
#17
Elisabeth Mary Ruth Bean, Alfred Cutner, Tom Holland, Arvind Vashisht, Davor Jurkovic, Ertan Saridogan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To review surgical outcomes and histopathological findings following laparoscopic myomectomy by a team at a university teaching hospital. DESIGN: This was a retrospective review of consecutive cases of laparoscopic myomectomy carried out by members of our minimal access surgery team between January 2004 and December 2015. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Canadian Task Force Classification II-3 SETTING: University Teaching Hospital PATIENTS: Women undergoing laparoscopic myomectomy INTERVENTIONS: Laparoscopic myomectomy MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We collected women's demographic data, clinical histories and surgical outcomes, including complication rates and the incidence of undiagnosed uterine malignancy...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100994/reocclusion-after-self-expandable-metallic-stent-placement-for-relieving-malignant-colorectal-obstruction-as-a-palliative-treatment
#18
Toshikatsu Nitta, Kensuke Fujii, Yoshimasa Hirata, Tomo Tominaga, Yoshihiro Inoue, Hiroshi Kawasaki, Ken Kawakami, Takashi Ishibashi
Self-expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement has been practiced in several hospitals in Japan, including ours, since January 2012. Here, we report the case of an 82-year-old Japanese man who presented to the hospital with a 1-week history of right hypochondrial pain. Computed tomography (CT) findings indicated colorectal cancer. The laboratory findings on admission indicated severe anemia (red blood cell count, 426 × 104/μL; hemoglobin, 7.9 g/dL). We performed SEMS placement because the patient refused to undergo surgery...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097296/long-term-postprocedural-outcomes-of-palliative-emergency-stenting-vs-stoma-in-malignant-large-bowel-obstruction
#19
Jonathan S Abelson, Heather L Yeo, Jialin Mao, Jeffrey W Milsom, Art Sedrakyan
Importance: Colonic stenting was introduced for palliation of malignant large-bowel obstruction (MLBO) more than 20 years ago but remains controversial. Objective: To compare outcomes after palliative stenting vs stoma creation in patients with MLBO requiring emergency management. Design, Setting, and Participants: This observational cohort study assessed 345 patients from New York State with an urgent or emergency admission to the hospital for obstruction secondary to colorectal cancer and who underwent stenting or stoma creation from October 1, 2009, through December 31, 2013...
January 11, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095874/clinicopathological-study-of-9-cases-of-prostate-cancer-involving-the-rectal-wall
#20
Tao Tang, Zhengduo Yang, Dan Zhang, Jie Qu, Guang Liu, Shiwu Zhang
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer involving the rectal wall is rare and may lead to diagnostic pitfalls. CASE PRESENTATION: Out of 9504 patients with rectal tumors between January 2003 and January 2015, 9 patients (elderly with a mean age of 74 years) with prostate cancer involving the rectal wall were clinically misdiagnosed with rectal cancer. The lesions were located in the rectum, and included 3 circumferential rectal masses, 1 ulceration lesion, 1 crater-like mass, and 4 protruding lesions...
January 17, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
keyword
keyword
50961
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"