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Lymphadenopathy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150219/non-neoplastic-histiocytic-and-dendritic-cell-disorders-in-lymph-nodes
#1
REVIEW
Caoimhe Egan, Elaine S Jaffe
Benign and malignant proliferations of histiocytes and dendritic cells may be encountered in lymph nodes. Reactive histiocytic and dendritic cell infiltrates occur in response to diverse stimuli and in addition to causing lymphadenopathy, may be present unexpectedly in lymph nodes excised for other indications. This review summarizes the pathogenesis and histopathological features of the various non-neoplastic histiocytic and dendritic cell infiltrates that can occur in lymph nodes.
November 3, 2017: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148376/identification-of-dermacentor-reticulatus-ticks-carrying-rickettsia-raoultii-on-migrating-jackal-denmark
#2
Kirstine Klitgaard, Mariann Chriél, Anastasia Isbrand, Tim K Jensen, René Bødker
From a migrating golden jackal (Canis aureus), we retrieved 21 live male Dermacentor reticulatus ticks, a species not previously reported from wildlife in Denmark. We identified Rickettsia raoultii from 18 (86%) of the ticks. This bacterium is associated with scalp eschar and neck lymphadenopathy after tick bite syndrome among humans.
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148187/lateral-neck-lumps-a-systematic-approach-for-the-general-paediatrician
#3
REVIEW
Sebastian K King
Lateral neck lumps are very common in children, and are largely benign in nature. The majority of lumps may be diagnosed on history and clinical examination alone, and further investigations are often not required. The most common pathologies in young children include reactive lymphadenopathy, lymphadenitis and atypical mycobacterial infections. A lateral neck lump is an uncommon presentation for malignancy and is largely restricted to older children and adolescents. The paediatric surgeon plays an important role in the assessment and management of lateral neck lumps, often in the form of reassurance to the patients and their carers...
November 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147774/assessment-of-mediastinal-lymph-node-size-in-pneumococcal-pneumonia-with-bacteremia
#4
Amit Chopra, Aakash Modi, Haroon Chaudhry, Recai Yucel, Neha Rane, John Fantauzzi, Frederic J Hellwitz, Marc A Judson
INTRODUCTION: The significance of mediastinal lymphadenopathy in bacterial pneumonia is unclear. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of mediastinal lymph node size determined by chest CT in patients with bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia. All patients who had positive blood cultures for streptococcus pneumonia over an 11-year period and had a chest CT scan (index CT) within 2 weeks of the positive blood culture were included in the study. Two thoracic radiologists and one pulmonologist independently examined the index CT plus any chest CT scans performed prior (pre-CT) or after (post-CT) the bacteremic episode...
November 16, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145822/ultrasonographic-parameters-of-the-liver-spleen-and-kidneys-among-a-cohort-of-school-children-in-sri-lanka
#5
Dianne Tania Dayanthi Warnakulasuriya, Pattiya Pathirennahalage Uddika Chamila Peries, Yaddehi Arachchillage Chaminda Rathnasekara, KaluArachchige Thushari Madurika Jayawardena, Angappulige Upasena, Anada Rajitha Wickremasinghe
BACKGROUND: Liver, spleen and kidney dimensions on ultrasonography vary with the age, weight and ethnicity. Reference standards of these parameters for normal Sri Lankan children are not available. Our aim was to establish normative data for longitudinal length of liver, spleen and kidneys in healthy children. METHOD: Three hundred fifty-seven children, 5-13 years of age were selected from two randomly selected schools in the Gampaha district in the western province of Sri Lanka...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145776/role-of-computed-tomography-of-abdomen-in-difficult-to-diagnose-typhoid-fever-a-case-series
#6
Wajid Hafeez, S Rajalakshmi, S Sripriya, M Madhu Bashini
Background and Aim Diagnosis of typhoid is challenging when blood cultures fail to isolate Salmonella species. We report our experience with interpreting computed tomography (CT) abdomen findings in a case series of typhoid fever. Methods The case series consisted of patients who had a CT abdomen done as part of their investigations and a final diagnosis of typhoid fever. The CT films were reviewed and findings evaluated for distinctive features. Results During 2011-2017, 11 patients met the inclusion criteria...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145251/renal-osteodystrophy-presenting-as-a-metabolic-superscan-on-f-18-fdg-pet-ct-a-case-report
#7
Ismaheel Lawal, Alfred Ankrah, Kehinde Ololade, Moshe Modiselle, Mike Sathekge
RATIONALE: F-18 Fluoro Deoxyglucose positron emission tomography and computed tomography (F-18 FDG PET/CT) is a useful modality in the evaluation of patients with malignancies. Increased incidence of lympho-proliferative disorders has been reported in individuals with long-standing end-stage renal disorders treated with renal replacement therapy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 30-year-old male on peritoneal dialysis on account of end-stage renal disease. He had acute rejection of an earlier transplanted renal allograft...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142358/transitional-cell-carcinoma-of-urinary-bladder-manifesting-as-extensive-retroperitoneal-and-axillary-lymph-node-metastasis-an-extremely-rare-case-scenario-detected-by-18-f-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-scan
#8
Abhishek Purkayastha, Neelam Sharma, Rekha Vashisth, Braj Kishore
Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) urinary bladder is known to metastasize to regional lymph nodes (LNs), liver, lung, bone, adrenal glands, and intestine. However, an asymptomatic TCC bladder manifesting as metastatic axillary LN mass and extensive retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy is rarely heard of. A 46-year-old male, smoker, presented with 8 cm × 6 cm right axillary swelling of 1-month duration. Aspiration cytology revealed metastatic deposits of poorly differentiated carcinoma favoring TCC. Metastatic evaluation with (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography ((18)FDG-PET) scan showed mass lesion urinary bladder, conglomerate right axillary mass and extensive retroperitoneal LNs with significant metabolic activity, biopsy from which revealed deposits of TCC...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141745/histology-and-serum-cytokine-responses-in-an-imported-rickettsia-slovaca-infection-germany
#9
Dennis Tappe, Nina Booken, Almut Böer-Auer, Jessica Rauch, Stefan Schmiedel, Kristian Reich
Rickettsia slovaca, a spotted fever group rickettsial pathogen, causes a syndrome consisting of scalp eschar and neck lymphadenopathy following tick bites. We analyzed the histologic skin reaction in the eschar, showing a prominent eosinophilic infiltration, as well as the presence of B lymphocytes and CD4- and CD8-positive T cells. Examination of the serum cytokine responses over time demonstrated an initial proinflammatory cytokine elevation followed by normalization.
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141727/point-of-care-ultrasound-for-extrapulmonary-tuberculosis-in-india-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-hiv-positive-and-hiv-negative-presumptive-tuberculosis-patients
#10
Stefan F Weber, Kavitha Saravu, Tom Heller, Rajagopal Kadavigere, Shashidhar Vishwanath, Stephan Gehring, Sabine Bélard, And Pocus Eti Study Group
Diagnosing extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) is challenging. Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated EPTB is applied in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed at evaluating the applicability of POCUS for diagnosing EPTB in HIV-positive and HIV-negative presumptive tuberculosis (TB) patients in India, a country of moderate relative TB and HIV burden. Presumptive TB patients at Kasturba Hospital, Manipal, India, prospectively underwent POCUS evaluating for pericardial, pleural and ascitic effusion, abdominal lymphadenopathy, and hepatic and splenic microabscesses...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140113/prediction-of-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor-grade-based-on-ct-features-and-texture-analysis
#11
Rodrigo Canellas, Kristine S Burk, Anushri Parakh, Dushyant V Sahani
OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to assess whether CT texture analysis and CT features are predictive of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) grade based on the World Health Organization (WHO) classification and to identify features related to disease progression after surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative contrast-enhanced CT images of 101 patients with PNETs were assessed. The images were evaluated for tumor location, tumor size, tumor pattern, predominantly solid or cystic composition, presence of calcification, presence of heterogeneous enhancement on contrast-enhanced images, presence of pancreatic duct dilatation, presence of pancreatic atrophy, presence of vascular involvement by the tumor, and presence of lymphadenopathy...
November 15, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138755/paraneoplastic-hepatopathy-associated-with-gastrointestinal-carcinoid
#12
Dhruv Mehta, Priyanka Chugh, Lavneet Chawla, Daniela Jodorkovsky
Paraneoplastic hepatopathy has been reported with various malignancies, most commonly with renal cell cancer. This non-metastatic hepatic dysfunction in such malignancies is known as Stauffer syndrome. We describe a 61-year-old man who presented with symptoms of bowel obstruction with marked cholestasis and high levels of alkaline phosphatase and bilirubin. Imaging revealed an unremarkable liver and a mass in the ileocecal valve with mesenteric lymphadenopathy. Biopsies were consistent with a carcinoid tumor...
2017: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136691/-tumors-of-lymphoid-and-hematopoietic-tissue-of-spleen-a-clinicopathologic-analysis-of-53-cases
#13
D B Chen, D H Shen, H Zhang, Y Wang, Q J Song, S M Yang, X Z Fang
Objective: To study the clinicopathologic features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of the tumors of lymphoidand hematopoietic tissue of the spleen(TLTS). Methods: Fifty-three cases of TLTS were selected from the pathologic files from Peking University People's Hospital from April 2002 to April 2017. According to WHO classification of tumors of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues (2008) and its updated classification (2016), the cases were studied by microscopy, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, combined with the bone marrow biopsy and clinical examination...
November 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135395/pattern-and-predictors-of-paradoxical-response-in-patients-with-peripheral-lymph-node-tuberculosis
#14
Supreet Batra, Govind Singh Rajawat, Rajendra Prasad Takhar, Manohar Lal Gupta
Introduction: Many of the patients with lymph node tuberculosis show 'Paradoxical Response" in the form of appearance of new lymph node (LN) or increase in the size of existing LN, development of new disease in other organ and worsening of the disease while on treatment. Reason behind such response in only selective patients is not clearly understood. We evaluated the pattern and predictors for paradoxical response(s) (PR) in patients with peripheral lymph node tuberculosis (TB). Materials and Methods: Study included patients aged > 6 years with peripheral lymphadenopathy of tubercular etiology attending a tertiary care hospital from Jan 2010 to Dec 2010...
September 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133580/successful-downstaging-of-locally-recurrent-penile-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-neoadjuvant-nanosomal-docetaxel-lipid-suspension-ndls-based-regimen-followed-by-curative-surgery
#15
Sameer Gupta, Shashi Singh Pawar, Deepak Bunger
Penile squamous cell carcinoma (pSCC) is a relatively rare disease in Western world but is a significant health problem in developing countries like India. We report here a case of successful multimodality management of recurrent pSCC with pelvic lymphadenopathy in a 56-year-old male patient with poorly controlled diabetes. The patient presented with ulceroproliferative growth over the residual penile stump clinically involving root of penis and with right pelvic lymphadenopathy. The patient had a history of partial penectomy done elsewhere 20 months ago...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132484/abdominal-ct-findings-in-patients-with-primary-lymphoma-causing-small-bowel-obstruction
#16
Elif Karadeli, Gurcan Erbay, Alper Parlakgumus, Hakan Yabanoglu
The purpose of this study was to investigate retrospectively CTfindings in patients with primary lymphoma causing small bowel obstruction. CTscans of 11 patients with small bowel lymphoma were separately analysed in terms of affected section of the small bowel, focality, wall thickness, pattern and degree of contrast enhancement, lymphadenopathy, organ involvement, perforation, and the presence of intraabdominal fluid. Eight patients had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and one patient each had marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT), T-cell lymphoma, and anaplastic T-cell lymphoma...
November 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132117/an-extrapulmonary-manifestation-of-lymphangioleiomyomatosis-a-rare-case-report
#17
L Volkan Tümay, Osman Serhat Güner, Abdullah Zorluoğlu
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare and fatal disease which occurs almost exclusively in young women. The disease often affects lungs and most of the patients die from respiratory failure. It is often initially misdiagnosed as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The most common presentations of pulmonary LAM (P-LAM) include dyspnea and coughing. Chylothorax and spontaneous pneumothorax may be seen in advanced cases. Although rare, it may present with extrapulmonary LAM (E-LAM). Renal angiomyolipomas and abdominal lymphadenopathies (LAPs) are common in E-LAM cases...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131085/lymphadenitis-and-lymphadenopathy
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Monographs in Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131069/paediatric-lymphadenopathies
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Monographs in Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130007/adult-sporadic-burkitt-s-lymphoma-presenting-with-rapid-development-of-peritoneal-lymphomatosis
#20
Naomi Fei, Nilay Shah
Sporadic Burkitt's Lymphoma (BL) is a highly aggressive form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma which requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. Though usual presentation involves abdominal lymphadenopathy with possible solid organ involvement, sporadic BL can rarely present with peritoneal lymphomatosis. We present a unique case with rapid evolution of BL presenting as peritoneal and omental lymphomatosis with hepatic lesions and pelvic and pericardial adenopathy.
2017: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
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