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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431004/a-giant-compressive-non-coronary-valsalva-sinus-aneurysm
#1
Christophe Le Terrier, Adela Rohnean, Nizar Khelil, Ivan Philip
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428523/-efficacy-of-total-debranching-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-for-the-re-operation-of-aortic-arch-aneurysm
#2
Kyohei Ueno, Megumu Kanno, Hirofumi Midorikawa, Gaku Takinami, Rie Kageyama
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) combined with all-neck-branch reconstruction (total debranching TEVAR)[td TEVAR] is applied to aortic arch aneurysms as a minimally invasive procedure to improve treatment results. We report the initial and long-term results of td TEVAR for the reoperation of aortic arch aneurysm. By September 2016, td TEVAR for reoperation had been applied in 5 cases. The reasons for the reoperation were dilation of the arch aneurysm after ascending aorta replacement in 4 cases and localized dissection of the proximal landing zone after zone 2 TEVAR in 1 case...
April 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428470/effects-of-valsalva-maneuver-by-different-breath-holding-techniques-to-detect-pulmonary-thromboembolism-in-a-contrast-enhanced-computed-tomography-examination
#3
Chiaki Suzuki, Kenji Fujisaki, Yuusuke Atsumi, Miki Takemura, Kouichi Mizuno, Takeki Nagamine, Tomoyasu Amano, Hideo Yamamoto, Mamoru Takahashi
The purpose of this study is to measure the hemodynamics on the effect of Valsalva maneuver aiming at pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) using 2-dimensional (2D) phase contrast imaging of magnetic resonance image (MRI), Philips Ingenia 3.0-tesla (T). The maximal inspiration reduced the blood flow rate in various degrees at all measurement positions, superior vena cava (SVC), inferior vena cava (IVC), pulmonary artery (PA), ascending aorta (AA), and descending aorta (DA). This result suggests that the contrast effect in the PA might become weak during general PA phase to give a substantial influence of Valsalva maneuver in the condition after maximum inspiration...
2017: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420762/resting-heart-rate-variability-and-exercise-capacity-in-type-1-diabetes
#4
Luke C Wilson, Karen C Peebles, Neil A Hoye, Patrick Manning, Catherine Sheat, Michael J A Williams, Gerard T Wilkins, Genevieve A Wilson, James C Baldi
People with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have lower exercise capacity (V̇O2max) than their age-matched nondiabetic counterparts (CON), which might be related to cardiac autonomic dysfunction. We examined whether Heart Rate Variability (HRV; indicator of cardiac autonomic modulation) was associated with exercise capacity in those with and without T1D. Twenty-three participants with uncomplicated T1D and 17 matched CON were recruited. Heart rate (HR; ECG), blood pressure (BP; finger photo-plethysmography), and respiratory rate (respiratory belt) were measured during baseline, paced-breathing and clinical autonomic reflex tests (CARTs); deep breathing, lying-to-stand, and Valsalva maneuver...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419557/usefulness-of-the-valsalva-maneuver-without-a-mouthpiece-to-observe-the-hypopharynx-using-transoral-endoscopy
#5
Yasushi Yamasaki, Ryu Ishihara, Kenta Hamada
Transoral endoscopy with narrow band imaging is useful for early detection of pharyngeal cancer.(1) The postcricoid area and the posterior wall of the hypopharynx, however, are still difficult to observe because they're anatomically closed.(2) Although the Valsalva maneuver with transnasal endoscopy has been reportedly useful for opening the closed area,(3) it is difficult with transoral endoscopy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
April 17, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415116/p1007aortic-root-diameters-and-aortic-regurgitation-in-hypertensive-patients-and-normal-subjects
#6
O Vriz, N B Bertn, G Brosolo, E Bossone
Purpose: : The association between aortic root diameters and aortic regurgitation in hypertension (HT) is disputed with lack of understanding of the underline mehanisms lT. We investigate the relationship between aortic root diameters and aortic regurgitation in newly diagnosed and never treated hypertensive patients and in a group healthy subjects. Method: Participants were 175 hypertensives (42 F and 133 M) and 305 normotensives (134 F, 168 M) age matched (mean age 52...
December 1, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415099/p594contrast-transthoracic-echocardiography-as-a-gatekeeper-for-patent-foramen-ovale-closure
#7
M Muratori, G Italiano, E Innocenti, L Fusini, M Mapelli, G Tamborini, S Ghulam Ali, P Gripari, A Maltagliati, F Celeste, M Pepi
Background.: The presence of patent foramen ovale (PFO) has been linked to many illness, including cryptogenic stroke, transient ischemic attack, migraine, platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome and decompression sickness in scuba divers. Transesophageal echocardiography is the gold standard technique for the visualization of atrial septal anatomy, but it is a secondary level exam, not always available, with additional associated costs and not completely free from procedural risks. Standard transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) has a too low sensitivity for PFO screening...
December 1, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411371/-cough-hemicrania-an-overlapping-form-of-headache-case-reports
#8
Isabel Pavão Martins, Pedro Viana
OBJECTIVE: To describe two patients with recurring unilateral brief headaches that fulfilled criteria for both primary cough headache (CH) and chronic paroxysmal hemicrania (CPH). BACKGROUND: CH is typically a bilateral headache, specifically triggered by cough, straining, or other Valsalva maneuvers. The report of cases sharing features with other primary headache disorders, such as CPH, suggest common pathogenic mechanisms. METHODS: Case reports...
April 14, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410953/spontaneous-cerebrospinal-fluid-fistula-in-the-clivus
#9
A Codina Aroca, J R Gras Cabrerizo, M De Juan Delago, H Massegur Solench
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistulas are infrequent and only 10 cases in the literature have been located in the clivus. We describe two new cases of CSF fistulas in this site and review the literature. CASE REPORT: The first patient was a 52-year-old woman referred to our centre for intermittent rhinorrhea that had been diagnosed after an episode of meningitis. The second case was a 69-year-old man who was visited for rhinorrhea of one-year duration; he also developed meningitis during the preoperative study...
April 11, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410267/lacrimal-sac-pneumatocele-following-blunt-nasal-trauma
#10
Sima Das, Mohammad Javed Ali, Smriti Bansal, Manpreet Chugh, Nishi Gupta, Vidya Janaki
Pneumatocele of the lacrimal sac is an uncommon entity and has been rarely reported in literature. The valvular function of the Hasner's valve at the lower end of nasolacrimal duct is presumed to prevent the retrograde reflux of air into the lacrimal sac with increased intranasal pressure as in valsalva maneuver. Loss of this valvular function as noted with persistent positive airway pressure ventilation can cause retrograde air reflux into lacrimal sac. The authors report a case of lacrimal sac pneumatocele which developed following blunt nasal trauma involving the bony nasolacrimal duct...
April 13, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402399/reappraisal-and-new-observations-on-atrial-tachycardia-ablated-from-the-non-coronary-aortic-sinus-of-valsalva
#11
Antonio Madaffari, Anett Große, Markus Frommhold, Santi Raffa, J Christoph Geller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399041/accuracy-of-transthoracic-echocardiography-in-the-assessment-of-proximal-aortic-diameter-in-hypertensive-patients-comparison-with-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#12
Dario Leone, Francesco Tosello, Riccardo Faletti, Giulia Schivazappa, Giulia Bruno, Eleonora Avenatti, Agnese Ravera, Franco Veglio, Alberto Milan
BACKGROUND: Accurate and reproducible measurements of proximal thoracic aorta diameters are essential in the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with aortic dilatation, a condition particularly common in hypertensive patients. AIM: to evaluate the accuracy of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in comparison with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) for the assessment of proximal thoracic aorta diameters in a cohort of hypertensive patients. METHODS: A total of 75 essential hypertensive outpatients previously evaluated by TTE and than by CMR were included in the study...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398529/long-term-results-of-modified-sandwich-repair-of-aortic-root-in-151-patients-with-acute-type-a-aortic-dissection
#13
Yangfeng Tang, Zilin Liao, Lin Han, Hao Tang, Zhigang Song, Zhiyun Xu
OBJECTIVES: Acute type A aortic dissection frequently induces aortic root disease; however, the optimal surgical strategy for aortic root dissection remains a challenge. The objective of this study was to introduce a novel technique for reconstruction of type A dissection to improve patient prognosis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 791 consecutive patients with acute type A aortic dissection between January 2003 and July 2015. Among these patients, 151 were selected (72% men, age 51...
April 6, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396951/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-pectouteropexy-an-alternative-uterus-sparing-technique-for-pelvic-organ-prolapse-surgery
#14
Taner Usta, Tolga Karacan, Ahmet Kale, Sevgin Mutlu, Talha Tıryakı
The aim of this video is to demonstrate the alternative technique of robot-assisted laparoscopic pectouteropexy for uterus preservation in obese patients with pelvic organ prolapse. We present the case report of a 44-year-old patient with apical pelvic organ prolapse. A pelvic examination was performed during a Valsalva maneuver in the dorsal lithotomy position and in the standing position, and the patient was diagnosed with stage III apical prolapse in accordance with the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification system of the International Continence Society (POP-Q: Аа -1, Ва 0, Вр 0, С +2)...
April 10, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393788/transthoracic-echocardiography-versus-transesophageal-echocardiography-for-rupture-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysm
#15
Ira Dhawan, Vishwas Malik, Kamal Prakash Sharma, Neeti Makhija, Neha Pangasa
We report a rare case of sinus of Valsalva aneurysm of both right and left coronary sinus (LCS), with perforation of the LCS opening into the left ventricle. The LCS aneurysm with its perforation was undiagnosed on transthoracic echocardiography emphasizing the role of transesophageal echocardiography in delineating the anatomy.
April 2017: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389467/aorto-right-ventricular-fistula-following-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-using-a-29-mm-sapien-xt-valve
#16
Kazuki Hagiwara, Naritatsu Saito, Kazuhiro Yamazaki, Takeshi Kimura
An 83-year-old man with severe symptomatic aortic valve stenosis underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) using a 29 mm SAPIEN XT valve. He was haemodynamically stable, but developed haemolytic anaemia. Transthoracic echocardiography conducted 7 days after TAVI revealed an abnormal continuous flow from the right sinus of Valsalva adjacent to the implanted valve to the right ventricle. The amount of shunt flow was considered small and the patient was managed with diuretics successfully. He was discharged from the hospital 35 days after TAVI...
April 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389187/continuous-blood-flow-in-the-distal-right-sinus-of-valsalva-after-aortic-valve-replacement-bioprosthetic-valve-dysfunction-paravalvular-leak-iatrogenic-damage-or-another-cause
#17
Katherine K Manupipatpong, Paul S Pagel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 3, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386607/automatic-cystocele-severity-grading-in-ultrasound-by-spatio-temporal-regression
#18
Dong Ni, Xing Ji, Yaozong Gao, Jie-Zhi Cheng, Huifang Wang, Jing Qin, Baiying Lei, Tianfu Wang, Guorong Wu, Dinggang Shen
Cystocele is a common disease in woman. Accurate assessment of cystocele severity is very important for treatment options. The transperineal ultrasound (US) has recently emerged as an alternative tool for cystocele grading. The cystocele severity is usually evaluated with the manual measurement of the maximal descent of the bladder (MDB) relative to the symphysis pubis (SP) during Valsalva maneuver. However, this process is time-consuming and operator-dependent. In this study, we propose an automatic scheme for csystocele grading from transperineal US video...
October 2016: Medical Image Computing and Computer-assisted Intervention: MICCAI ..
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384297/right-to-left-shunt-detection-using-contrast-enhanced-transcranial-doppler-a-comparison-of-provocation-maneuvers-between-coughing-and-a-modified-valsalva-maneuver
#19
Si-Bo Wang, Xiao-Cong Wang, Yan Ma, Kang-Ding Liu, Ying-Qi Xing
Contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler (c-TCD) has been used to detect right-to-left shunts (RLS) because it is highly sensitive and cost-effective. The use of provocation maneuvers, such as physiologic maneuvers (e.g., coughing) and the Valsalva maneuver (VM) to transiently increase right atrial pressure and induce RLS increases the sensitivity of RLS detection. In this study, we sought to determine whether coughing is as effective as the VM in aiding the detection of RLS. We evaluated 162 subjects for RLS, using c-TCD under three different conditions: (i) resting state, (ii) coughing, and (iii) modified VM (m-VM), which involved blowing into a tube connected to a sphygmomanometer at 40 mmHg for 10 s...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383642/multiple-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysms-presenting-as-an-acute-coronary-syndrome
#20
Matthew K Rowe, Christopher Cole, Gerald C Kaye
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
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