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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781840/cardiovascular-autonomic-profile-in-women-with-constitutional-hypotension
#1
Giris Jacob, Franca Barbic, Meytal Glago, Franca Dipaola, Alberto Porta, Raffaello Furlan
BACKGROUND: Constitutional hypotension (CHT) is defined as a SBP below 105 mmHg. As autonomic-related symptoms are frequently reported in CHT, these symptoms suggest that the cardiovascular autonomic control is perturbed in individuals with CHT. METHODS: We investigated the autonomic cardiovascular control of 15 women with CHT and 12 women with NBP (SBP >110 mmHg). We monitored BP and ECG for autonomic function test. Supine and head up tilt (HUT) spectral analysis of RR interval and BP variability, baroreflex sensitivity and plasma levels of plasma renin activity and aldosterone were determined...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780779/sonographic-evaluation-of-bladder-wall-thickness-in-women-with-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction
#2
Un Ju Shin, Jihye Koh, Jiwon Song, Soyun Park, Eun Joo Park, Chung-Hoon Kim, Sung Hoon Kim, Byung Moon Kang, Hee Dong Chae
Objective: To investigate the correlation between bladder wall thickness (BWT) measured by ultrasonography and lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Methods: Forty-eight women with LUTS who underwent urodynamic study and BWT by ultrasonography as outpatients were studied. We assessed LUTS during a medical examination by interview. The thinnest part of the bladder wall was measured by a transabdominal ultrasonography...
May 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780716/commissural-repositioning-in-bicuspid-aortic-valve-repair-with-valsalva-graft
#3
Monica Contino, Andrea Mangini, Claudia Romagnoni, Carlo Antona
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Visualized Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780643/late-diagnosis-of-anomalous-aortic-origin-of-a-coronary-artery-from-the-inappropriate-sinus-of-valsalva-during-investigation-of-chest-pain
#4
Brunna Priscylla Américo Carvalho, Marcio Antônio Dos Santos, Wilson Pedro Guimarães Neto, Júlio César Queiroz De França, Márcio Rogério de Souza Braite, Rodrigo Bottura De Araújo, Isabella Gomes Carvalho, Moacir Fernandes de Godoy
In this work are reported two cases of anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA), with the left main coronary artery (LMCA) arising at the right sinus of Valsalva in a 77-year-old woman and in a 79-year-old man submitted to angiography after positive ischemic tests. The origin of the LMCA or the left descendant artery (LDA) from the right sinus of Valsalva has a prevalence of 0.2%, the origin of the circumflex artery (CXA) from the right sinus 0.5%, and the origin of the right coronary artery (RCA) from the left sinus of Valsalva has a prevalence of 0...
2018: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778242/cardiovascular-responses-to-isometric-handgrip-exercise-in-young-patients-with-recurrent-vasovagal-syncope
#5
Juan Idiaquez, Juan Francisco Idiaquez, Rodrigo Iturriaga
OBJECTIVE: Arterial blood pressure (BP) increased in healthy humans in response to isometric handgrip (IHG), but the pattern of the relative contribution of cardiac output (CO) and total peripheral resistance (TPR) changes to the pressor response is different among individuals. We investigated weather patients with recurrent vasovagal syncope (VVS) have a similar pattern of individual CO, TPR and pressor responses to IHG, as healthy subjects. METHODS: 32 patients (27...
July 2018: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776948/anomalous-aortic-origin-of-a-coronary-artery-aaoca-from-the-opposite-sinus-of-valsalva
#6
Dominika M Zoltowska, Yashwant Agrawal, Guramrinder Singh Thind, Jagadeesh K Kalavakunta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775674/the-prognostic-value-of-the-frontal-qrs-t-angle-is-comparable-to-cardiovascular-autonomic-neuropathy-regarding-long-term-mortality-in-people-with-diabetes-a-population-based-study
#7
O May, C B Graversen, M Ø Johansen, H Arildsen
Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a well known prognostic marker in diabetes. A large angle between the QRS- and the T-wave vector (QRS-T angle) in the electrocardiogram (ECG) has recently been introduced as another marker of poor prognosis. AIM: To assess and compare the long-term predictive power of the frontal plane QRS-T angle with CAN in people with diabetes. METHODS: In 1992-93 people with diabetes in the municipality of Horsens, Denmark, were identified by the prescription method andan age and gender stratified sample of 240 individuals with diabetes were randomly selected...
May 15, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773412/athlete-s-heart-is-the-morganroth-hypothesis-obsolete
#8
Mark J Haykowsky, T Jake Samuel, Michael D Nelson, Andre La Gerche
In 1975, Morganroth and colleagues reported that the increased left ventricular (LV) mass in highly trained endurance athletes versus nonathletes was primarily due to increased end-diastolic volume while the increased LV mass in resistance trained athletes was solely due to an increased LV wall thickness. Based on the divergent remodelling patterns observed, Morganroth and colleagues hypothesised that the increased "volume" load during endurance exercise may be similar to that which occurs in patients with mitral or aortic regurgitation while the "pressure" load associated with performing a Valsalva manoeuvre (VM) during resistance exercise may mimic the stress imposed on the heart by systemic hypertension or aortic stenosis...
May 1, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768514/correction-echocardiographic-diagnosis-of-rare-pathological-patterns-of-sinus-of-valsalva-aneurysm
#9
Yali Yang, Li Zhang, Xinfang Wang, Qing Lü, Lin He, Jing Wang, Bin Wang, Ling Li, Li Yuan, Jinfeng Liu, Shuping Ge, Mingxing Xie
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173122.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757794/delayed-post-caudal-catheter-placement-pseudomeningocele-a-case-report
#10
Victoria A Bradford, Ricardo J Falcon, Timothy R Petersen, Codruta N Soneru
We present a rare case of a 7-month-old infant who developed a pseudomeningocele 16 days after an uneventful caudal catheter placement. The patient did not exhibit neurological deficits or signs of infection, and the mass increased in size with Valsalva maneuver. Pseudomeningocele, an abnormal collection of cerebrospinal fluid around an opening in the dura mater, can be iatrogenic or traumatic. Regional anesthesia is rarely the cause. Recognizing diagnostic features such as the lack of infectious signs and mass compressibility can prevent misdiagnosis and inappropriate invasive treatment...
May 15, 2018: A&A practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756099/can-volumetric-measurement-be-used-in-the-selection-of-treatment-for-inguinoscrotal-hernias
#11
Metin Ertem, Hakan Gök, Volkan Özben, Engin Hatipoğlu, Erdem Yıldız
Objective: Inguinoscrotal hernias are often qualified subjectively as big, giant, scrotal, etc. In order to classify this type of hernia, objective criteria are needed. For this purpose, we aimed to introduce a scrotal volume measurement-based classification system and propose a corresponding surgical plan (open or laparoscopic surgery, anterior or posterior repair) based on volumetric data. Material and Methods: Between October 2012 and October 2013, 30 consecutive male patients with a mean age of 59...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755634/mitroflow-aortic-bioprosthesis-failure-in-type-b-aortic-dissection-preventive-left-main-stenting-in-transapical-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-strategy
#12
Giovanni Alfonso Chiariello, Emmanuel Villa, Antonio Messina, Stefano Marwan Mangini, Massimiliano Rozzi, Margherita Dalla Tomba, Ornella Leonzi, Giovanni Troise
Mitroflow aortic prosthesis dysfunction in case of complex vascular disease is considered a challenging scenario. Because of the high risk for surgical reoperation and the presence of chronic aortic dissection originated from a calcified Kommerel diverticulum, we considered to perform a transapical valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedure. Myocardial ischemia is a dreadful complication reported in valve-in-valve TAVI procedures, mainly in patients with degenerated Mitroflow aortic bioprostheses...
April 2018: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750713/valsalva-maneuver-and-peripapillary-oct-angiography-vessel-density
#13
Gábor Holló
PURPOSE: To investigate the potential influence of breath holding on the results of peripapillary vessel density (VD) measurement with optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA). METHODS: Three peripapillary VD measurements were made at 2-minute intervals on the right eye of 12 healthy young volunteers using the Angiovue/RTvue-XR OCT (software version 2017.1, Phase 7 update) without changing the head and body positions. During the first 2 measurements the volunteers were breathing normally...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749657/fundal-pressure-in-second-stage-of-labor-kristeller-maneuver-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-levator-ani-muscle-avulsion
#14
Aly Youssef, Ginevra Salsi, Ilaria Cataneo, Giuseppina Pacella, Carlotta Azzarone, Maria Chiara Paganotto, Jovana Krsmanovic, Elisa Montaguti, Luisa Cariello, Federica Bellussi, Nicola Rizzo, Gianluigi Pilu
OBJECTIVE: to investigate the association between fundal pressure in the second stage (Kristeller maneuver) and the risk of levator ani muscle (LAM) injury. METHODS: This was a prospective case-control study conducted in our university hospital. We recruited women immediately following their first vaginal delivery. Women who underwent Kristeller maneuver were recruited as cases. For each case, a control (no Kristeller) was recruited matched by BMI, epidural analgesia, second stage duration and birthweight...
May 10, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738177/-microscopic-spermatic-vein-ligation-for-the-treatment-of-varicocele
#15
Qiang Feng, Ming-Xing Qiu
Objective: To explore the effect of spermatic vein ligation under the microscope in the treatment of varicocele (VC). METHODS: A total of 120 VC patients received in our department from September 2011 to February 2015 were randomly divided into an experimental and a control group of equal number, the former treated by microscopic spermatic vein ligation and the latter by conventional open high ligation. Comparisons were made between the two groups of patients in the internal diameters of the spermatic vein during eupnea and Valsalva maneuver, the reflux time of the spermatic vein, blood flow parameters of the testicular artery, and semen quality before and at 3 months after surgery...
December 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737746/-efficacy-of-balloon-eustachian-tuboplasty-combined-with-grommet-insertion-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-dilation-eustachian-tube-dysfunction
#16
Huan Qin, Jun Yang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of balloon Eustachian tuboplasty (BET) combined with grommet insertion in the treatment of chronic dilation Eustachian tube dysfunction (CDETD). METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in 19 patients with CDETD who underwent BET at the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated with Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, from October, 2014 to September, 2016. The ages of these patients ranged from 10 to 67 years...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737629/calibration-of-interface-properties-and-application-to-a-finite-element-model-for-predicting-vena-cava-filter-induced-vein-wall-failure
#17
Alejandra Pérez-Andrés, Estefania Peña
We present a computational framework that integrates experimental techniques and FE modeling to calibrate material fracture parameters of the vena cava and the interaction properties between a retrievable filter (Günther Tulip) and the vena cava wall. The fitted parameters were then used to analyze the interaction of the IVC filter with the vena cava during the deployment process. An idealized cava Finite Element model was then developed including residual stresses and physiological pressure conditions. Filter deployment was simulated and a comprehensive study of tissue-filter interaction was performed by cohesive surface modeling...
May 8, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736240/postoperative-intercostal-lung-hernia
#18
Akane Ishida, Masahide Oki, Hideo Saka, Yukio Seki
Lung hernia is a rare condition defined as the external protrusion of lung tissue from the thorax, which usually occurs after trauma or thoracic surgery. A chest computed tomography while performing the Valsalva manoeuvre is useful for a definitive diagnosis.
July 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726642/-microscopic-spermatic-vein-ligation-for-nutcracker-phenomenon-complicated-with-left-varicocele
#19
Qing-Qiang Gao, Zhi-Peng Xu, Hai Chen, Tao Song, Yu-Tian Dai, Yun Chen
Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of microscopic spermatic vein ligation in the treatment of nutcracker phenomenon (NCP) complicated with left varicocele (VC). METHODS: This retrospective study included 31 cases of NCP complicated with left VC treated in our hospital by subinguinal microscopic ligation of the left spermatic vein (group A, n = 11), open retroperitoneal high ligation of the left spermatic vein (group B, n = 11), or conservative therapy (group C, n = 9)...
August 2017: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725708/outcomes-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-women-undergoing-tot-versus-burch-colposuspension-with-abdominal-sacrocolpopexy
#20
George Lazarou, Evelyn Minis, Bogdan Grigorescu
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To compare postoperative rates of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in patients with pelvic organ prolapse and SUI undergoing abdominal sacrocolpopexy (ASC) with Burch colposuspension or a transobturator tape (TOT) sling. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, medical records of 117 patients who underwent ASC with Burch (n = 60) or TOT (n = 57) between 2008 and 2010 at NYU Winthrop Hospital were assessed. Preoperative evaluation included history, physical examination, cough stress test (CST), and multichannel urodynamic studies (MUDS)...
May 3, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
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