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Hiroaki Osada, Hiroyuki Nakajima, Katsuaki Meshii, Motoaki Ohnaka
A 75-year-old man who had undergone ascending aorta replacement for acute Type A aortic dissection presented with a recurring high fever. Transesophageal echocardiography revealed that a vegetation had formed on the re-dissected intimal flap of the noncoronary sinus of Valsalva. This didactic case suggests that antibiotic prophylactic measures be considered for aortic dissection flaps as for irregular valves susceptible to infective endocarditis.
February 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
Conor F Hynes, Michael D Greenberg, Shawn Sarin, Gregory D Trachiotis
Stanford Type A aortic dissection is a rapidly progressing disease process that is often fatal without emergent surgical repair. A small proportion of Type A dissections go undiagnosed in the acute phase and are found upon delayed presentation of symptoms or incidentally. These chronic lesions may have a distinct natural history that may have a better prognosis and could potentially be managed differently then those presenting acutely. The method of repair depends on location and extent of the false lumen, as well as involvement of critical structures and branch arteries...
February 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
Youri Yordanov, Anthony Chauvin, Dominique Pateron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Rohit Bhoil, Shikha Sood, Sabina Bhoil, Anshul Chamail, R G Sood
Left coronary artery compression syndrome is an uncommon entity and characterized by compression of the LMCA in-between the aorta and an enlarged main pulmonary arterial trunk. It is usually associated with a congenital cardiac defect. Cardiac 64-slice MDCT provides a non-invasive and an accurate method for assessing the degree of dynamic LMCA compression throughout the cardiac cycle, its angulation relative to the left sinus of Valsalva and depiction of pulmonary pathology, making it a valuable tool in the workup of patients suspected of left coronary artery compression...
October 18, 2016: Acute Cardiac Care
Oleg Mamontov, Mikhail Bogachev, Andrey Kozlenoc
OBJECTIVE: To assess the autonomic regulation in patients with various circadian blood pressure profile (CBPP) anomalies that persisted despite of combined antihypertensive therapy. DESIGN AND METHOD: We studied 114 hypertensives aged 56,8 ± 17,9 years receiving combined antihypertensive therapy divided into two groups, with adequate (n = 61) and inadequate (n = 53) CBPP. Groups were comparable in terms of age and number of drugs intake per day (2.8 ± 1...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
W Y Zhang, X P Zhang, J W Chen, Y R Sun, J Wang, H Hu, K X Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate age related changes in urodynamic parameters of women with urinary incontinence. METHODS: From May 2008 to October 2015, a total of 214 patients diagnosed with urinary incontinence in Peking University People's Hospital was involved in this study. Average age was (56.97±10.68) years, ranging from 30 to 82 years, and average history was (8.44±8.85) years, ranging from one month to 50 years. Urodynamic examinations of each patient were taken before operation routinely in Department of Urology, Peking University People's Hospital...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Salvatore Asciutto, Eluisa La Franca, Giuseppe Cirrincione, Marco Caruso
Congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries, although uncommon, have the potential to cause serious myocardial damage, ischemic cardiomyopathy, and sudden cardiac death. We report a rare case of origin of all three coronaries from the right sinus of Valsalva.
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Deepak Ameta, Rajiv Bharat Kharwar, Pallavi Aga, Rishi Sethi, Sharad Chandra, Sudhanshu Kumar Dwivedi, Varun Shankar Narain, Ram Kirti Saran
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a common congenital cardiac anomaly, and rarely, it is associated with sinus of Valsalva aneurysms (SOVAs). And very infrequently, these SOVAs rupture into left side of heart. We hereby report a case of 12-year-old male with BAV with severe aortic stenosis with a large SOVA that ruptured into the left side of the heart. The anatomy was delineated with multimodality imaging; initially with two-dimensional trans-thoracic echocardiography (TTE), and later on with three-dimensional TTE and with multi detector computed tomography...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Renaud de Tayrac, Vincent Letouzey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Over the past 20 years, several randomized studies have compared Valsalva and spontaneous pushing techniques during vaginal delivery. This review summarizes current medical knowledge concerning their maternal and fetal consequences, focusing on pelvic and perineal outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: We selected nine randomized controlled trials comparing Valsalva and spontaneous pushing, and a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial comparing different methods of perineal protection...
October 5, 2016: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Seon-Ah Cha, Jae-Seung Yun, Tae-Seok Lim, Kyoungil Min, Ki-Ho Song, Ki-Dong Yoo, Yong-Moon Park, Yu-Bae Ahn, Seung-Hyun Ko
Cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. This study evaluated the relationship between CAN and recurrent CVD in type 2 diabetes. A total of 206 patients with type 2 diabetes who had a history of CVD within 3 years of enrollment were consecutively recruited from January 2001 to December 2009 and followed-up until December 2015. Cardiovascular autonomic function tests were performed using the following heart rate variability parameters: expiration-to-inspiration ratio, response to Valsalva maneuver and standing...
2016: PloS One
Rafael Plens Teixeira, Pedro Felipe Gomes Nicz, Felipe Lourenço Fernandes, Renner Augusto Raposo Pereira, Roney Orismar Sampaio, Flavio Tarasoutchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Serhat Güler, Burak Tatlı
Sinus pericranii (SP) is an uncommon vascular pathology that is characterized by a nodular structure emerging from the scalp. It is generally asymptomatic. Typically, it is aclose to soft, compressive, fluctuant swelling, intracranial sinus. The swelling increases during the Valsalva maneuver, jugular vein compression, coughing, or crying attacks. The diagnosis was confirmed by CT, MRI, and MR angiography. Here, we conclude that SP is a rare cause of headache and that the asymptomatic lesion become symptomatic as a result of association with pseudotumor cerebri...
November 2015: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Jessica Robinson-Papp, Sandeep K Sharma, Mary Catherine George, David M Simpson
PURPOSE: Urban, minority communities are disproportionately affected by the chronic diseases associated with autonomic neuropathy; however validated measures of autonomic symptoms have not been studied in these complex populations. We sought to validate the Autonomic Symptom Profile (ASP) in a low income, medically complex, urban patient population. METHODS: Ninety-seven adults were recruited from the outpatient neurology clinic of an academic medical center serving the East Harlem neighborhood of New York City...
October 12, 2016: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
Araceli Boraita, Maria-Eugenia Heras, Francisco Morales, Manuel Marina-Breysse, Alicia Canda, Manuel Rabadan, Maria-Isabel Barriopedro, Amai Varela, Alejandro de la Rosa, José Tuñón
BACKGROUND: There is limited information regarding the aortic root upper physiological limits in all planes in elite athletes according to static and dynamic cardiovascular demands and sex. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 3281 healthy elite athletes (2039 men and 1242 women) aged 23.1±5.7 years, with body surface area of 1.9±0.2 m(2) and 8.9±4.9 years and 19.2±9.6 hours/week of training. Maximum end-diastolic aortic root diameters were measured in the parasternal long axis by 2-dimensional echocardiography...
October 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
Diego Raimondo, Aly Youssef, Mohamed Mabrouk, Simona Del Forno, Valentina Martelli, Gianluigi Pilu, Nicola Rizzo, Letizia Zannoni, Roberto Paradisi, Renato Seracchioli
OBJECTIVE: Pelvic floor muscle (PFM) dysfunction seems to play an important role in the pathophysiology of pain in women with with pelvic pain syndromes, including deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). The aim of the study was to evaluate static and dynamic morphometry of PFM in women affected by DIE, in comparison to asymptomatic control women, using three-dimensional (3D) and four-dimensional (4D) transperineal ultrasound. METHODS: A pilot, prospective study was conducted between March 2015 and November 2015, at our tertiary center...
October 8, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Amanda O Fisher-Hubbard, Kilak Kesha, Francisco Diaz, Chantel Njiwaji, PaoLin Chi, Carl J Schmidt
The Valsalva maneuver is used in clinical medicine for the diagnosis and/or treatment of various cardiovascular conditions. It can also be used in activities of daily living, such as defecation. Due to the cardiovascular effects produced during the Valsalva maneuver, it may be contraindicated in certain medical conditions and could be a trigger of sudden cardiac death. The incidence and prevalence of death following Valsalva maneuver in the presence of underlying cardiovascular disease, or "commode cardia," has not been examined...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Keerthi Chigurupati, Kirubanand Senniappan, Shrinivas Gadhinglajkar, Rupa Sreedhar, Thomas Mathew
Classical "Windsock deformity" is associated with ruptured aneurysmal sinus of Valsalva. The echocardiographic definition for Atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) in children based on dimensions is lacking. Rupture of an ASA, though uncommon, may lead to cardiac failure due to acute RV volume overload. An untreated ASA may be complicated with thrombus formation.
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Daniele Bosone, Roberto Fogari, Matteo Cotta Ramusino, Natascia Ghiotto, Elena Guaschino, Annalisa Zoppi, Angela D'Angelo, Alfredo Costa
The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of Holter monitoring for the detection of silent myocardial ischemia (SMI) in elderly type 2 diabetic patients with hypertension and the possible relationship between SMI and cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN). Two hundred and forty-three asymptomatic outpatients, aged 65-75 years, with type 2 diabetes and essential hypertension underwent 24-h ECG monitoring and 5 tests for the evaluation of both parasympathetic (heart rate variability, response to breath deeping, and Valsalva manoeuvre) and sympathetic (cold pressor test and orthostatic hypotension test) autonomic function...
October 6, 2016: Heart and Vessels
Rosa Dolz-Marco, Kenneth Kato, K Bailey Freund, Lawrence A Yannuzzi
PURPOSE: To report a case of unilateral stellate nonhereditary idiopathic foveomacular retinoschisis (SNIFR) in a young male showing structural changes induced by a Valsalva maneuver. METHODS: Case report of a 26-year-old oboist with SNIFR, including multimodal imaging. Eye-tracked spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) was used to compare the retinal architecture at rest and during a Valsalva maneuver. RESULTS: Spectral-domain optical coherence tomography showed macular and peripapillary retinoschisis with no signs of pathologic myopia, optic pit, or vitreoretinal traction...
August 23, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Ahmet Yavuz Balci, Unsal Vural, Rezan Aksoy, M Fatih Özdemir, Seçkin Satilmiş, Mehmet Kizilay, Mutlu Şenocak, Huseyin Şaşkin, Ilyas Kayacioğlu, Ibrahim Yekeler
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to determine the short- and long-term effects of proximal aortic anastomosis, performed during isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with dilatation of the ascending aorta who did not require surgical intervention. METHODS: The study was performed on 192 (38 female and 160 male patients; mean age, 62.1 ± 9.2 years; range, 42-80 years) patients with dilatation of the ascending aorta who underwent CABG surgery between 1 June 2006 and 31 May 2014...
August 22, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
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