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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922820/justifying-british-advertising-in-war-and-austerity-1939-51
#1
Philippa Haughton
Drawing together institutional papers, the trade- and national-press, and Mass-Observation documents, this article examines the changing ways that the Advertising Association justified commercial advertising from 1939 to 1951. It argues that the ability to repeatedly re-conceptualize the social and economic purposes of advertising was central to the industry's survival and revival during the years of war and austerity. This matters because the survival and revival of commercial advertising helps to explain the composition of the post-war mixed economy and the emergence of a consumer culture that became the 'golden age' of capitalism...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911240/understanding-the-prevalence-and-correlates-of-implicit-theories-of-weight-in-the-united-states-insights-from-a-nationally-representative-sample
#2
Lisa A Auster-Gussman, Alexander J Rothman
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this research is to understand how mindsets about weight controllability in the United States relate to population health. We examined the distribution of people's implicit theories of weight, from an incremental (controllable) to an entity (not controllable) mindset, in a nationally representative sample, as well as their relation to: sociodemographic factors, beliefs about behaviour and genetics as causes of obesity and engagement in weight management-relevant behaviours...
September 15, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910996/think-adult-think-child-why-should-staff-caring-for-dying-adults-ask-what-the-death-means-for-children-in-the-family
#3
Sir Al Aynsley-Green
Introduction: Bereaved children and young people in the UK are 'hidden mourners'. Sources of data: Review of primary and secondary evidence on childhood bereavement. Area of agreement: Children experience grief that varies according to the circumstance of death and their cognitive ability. Voluntary organizations can be supportive, but provision is patchy and vulnerable to austerity. Areas of concern: Adult-centric denial of the importance and long-term consequences of childhood grief; uncertainty in how best to relate to bereaved children in faiths and in schools...
September 1, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910474/atropine-eye-drops-a-proposed-field-expedient-substitute-in-the-absence-of-atropine-autoinjectors
#4
Christopher J Calvano, Robert W Enzenauer, Derek L Eisnor, Robert A Mazzoli
Nerve agents are a threat to military and civilian health. The antidote, atropine sulfate, is delivered by autoinjector, which is a limited resource. We propose the use of 1% atropine ophthalmic solution (supplied commercially in 5mL or 15 mL bottles) via oral, ocular, and intranasal administration as an expedient substitute in austere environments.
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910473/optimization-of-simulation-and-moulage-in-military-related-medical-training
#5
Christopher Petersen, Stephen C Rush, Isabelle Gallo, Bryan Dalere, Brian Staak, Litt Moore, Win Kerr, Matthew Chandler, Will Smith
Preparation of Special Operations Forces (SOF) Medics as first responders for the battle space and austere environments is critical to optimize survival and quality of life for our Operators who may sustain serious and complex wounding patterns and illnesses. In the absence of constant clinical exposure for these medics, it is necessary to maximize all available training opportunities. The incorporation of scenario-based training helps weave together teamwork and the ability to practice treatment protocols in a tactical, controlled training environment to reproduce, to some degree, the environment in and stressors under which care will need to be delivered...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910466/surgical-instrument-sets-for-special-operations-expeditionary-surgical-teams
#6
Diane F Hale, Justin C Sexton, Linda C Benavides, Jerry M Benavides, Jonathan B Lundy
BACKGROUND: The deployment of surgical assets has been driven by mission demands throughout years of military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. The transition to the highly expeditious Golden Hour Offset Surgical Transport Team (GHOST- T) now offers highly mobile surgical assets in nontraditional operating rooms; the content of the surgical instrument sets has also transformed to accommodate this change. METHODS: The 102nd Forward Surgical Team (FST) was attached to Special Operations assigned to southern Afghanistan from June 2015 to March 2016...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910465/combat-trousers-as-effective-improvised-pelvic-binders-a-comparative-cadaveric-study
#7
Andrew Loftus, Rhys Morris, Yasmin Friedmann, Ian Pallister, Paul Parker
BACKGROUND: Improvised explosive devices and landmines can cause pelvic fractures, which, in turn, can produce catastrophic hemorrhage. This cadaveric study compared the intrapelvic pressure changes that occurred with the application of an improvised pelvic binder adapted from the combat trousers worn by British military personnel with the commercially available trauma pelvic orthotic device (TPOD). METHODS: Six unembalmed cadavers (three male, three female) were used to simulate an unstable pelvic fracture with complete disruption of the posterior arch (AO/OTA 61-C1) by dividing the pelvic ring anteriorly and posteriorly...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903862/in-a-stable-battlefield-avoid-using-austere-surgical-units-to-meet-the-golden-hour-of-trauma-time-to-care-goal
#8
EDITORIAL
Richard Childers, Paul Parker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893248/the-impact-of-austerity-on-the-health-workforce-and-the-achievement-of-human-resources-for-health-policies-in-ireland-2008-2014
#9
Des Williams, Steve Thomas
BACKGROUND: The global economic crisis saw recessionary conditions in most EU countries. Ireland's severe recession produced pro-cyclical health spending cuts. Yet, human resources for health (HRH) are the most critical of inputs into a health system and an important economic driver. The aim of this article is to evaluate how the Irish health system coped with austerity in relation to HRH and whether austerity allowed and/or facilitated the implementation of HRH policy. METHODS: The authors employed a quantitative longitudinal trend analysis over the period 2008 to 2014 with Health Service Executive (HSE) staff database as the principal source...
September 11, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886784/development-of-a-new-infusion-protocol-for-austere-trauma-resuscitations
#10
Stewart A Stancil
Intravenous fluid therapy for hemorrhagic shock has undergone enormous changes since it was first conducted almost 200 years ago. In the past 40 years especially, practices have dramatically changed with regards to fluid resuscitation. In pre-hospital, combat, austere, and rural emergency medicine the stakes are especially high to deliver an effective and logical resuscitation fluid strategy to a patient that is suffering from hemorrhagic shock. This article follows a prior article published in July 2014. It highlights the development of new cutting edge intravenous therapy regimens that maximize hemodynamic outcomes that can be effected by those providers that care for injured patients without the benefit of ample resources...
September 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885974/melanoma-in-an-active-duty-marine
#11
Samantha J Bartling, Shayna C Rivard, Jon H Meyerle
Given that the majority of active duty service members are young and healthy, potentially malignant diagnoses such as skin cancer may be overlooked. Although melanoma accounts for only approximately 1% of skin cancers, it causes the greatest majority of skin cancer deaths. We present the case of a 27-year-old active duty Marine who presented with a hyperpigmented macule at his lateral neck that was a malignant melanoma in situ. This article reviews risk factors for the development of melanoma, offers guidelines for primary care providers, reviews resources for providers in a deployed or austere environment, offers recommendations for prevention and early diagnosis, and discusses follow up...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885970/essential-medications-for-patients-with-suspected-or-confirmed-ebola-virus-disease-in-resource-limited-environments
#12
William F Pierce, Selena D Ready, John Tyson Chapman, Corrinne Kulick, Anastasia Shields, Jialynn Wang, Kimberly Andrews, Richard W Childs, Carlos Bell, Alexandr Kosyak, Jade Pham
BACKGROUND: In 2014, the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) Commissioned Corps deployed to Monrovia, Liberia, to operate a 25-bed Ebola treatment unit (ETU) constructed by the U.S. Military. The ETU was named the Monrovia Medical Unit (MMU) and was constructed from an U.S. Air Force Expeditionary Medical Support (EMEDS) unit with modifications on the basis of consultation from Médecins Sans Frontières, the World Health Organization, and expert panels from the U.S. Department of Defense and Department of Health and Human Services...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885945/effect-of-novel-continuing-medical-education-curriculum-on-attitudes-and-understanding-of-primary-care-medicine-for-the-naval-surface-provider
#13
Joseph LaGrew, Cameron Hightower, Terrie Vasilopoulos
INTRODUCTION: Naval Surface Forces provide care in austere environments with unique facility, personnel, and material limitations that can put the patient at risk without proper consideration of these circumstances. Tailored shipboard education currently exists but is greatly dependent on the time, preferences, expertise, and ability of a single teaching officer, allowing for significant variability in the level of training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-two individuals were trained in 19 topics presented over 12 months through the Naval Surface Forces Pacific Command Medical Readiness Division to all surface providers on Naval Base San Diego...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864266/the-colorado-humanitarian-surgical-skills-workshop-a-cadaver-based-workshop-to-prepare-residents-for-surgery-in-austere-settings
#14
Yihan Lin, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Robert A Meguid, David P Kuwayama
OBJECTIVE: Interest in humanitarian surgery is high among surgical and obstetric residents. The Colorado Humanitarian Surgical Skills Workshop is an annual 2-day course exposing senior residents to surgical techniques essential in low- and middle-income countries but not traditionally taught in US residencies. We evaluated the course's ability to foster resident comfort, knowledge, and competence in these skills. DESIGN: The cohort of course participants was studied prospectively...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858782/acoustical-emission-analysis-by-unsupervised-graph-mining-a-novel-biomarker-of-knee-health-status
#15
Sinan Hersek, Maziyar Baran Pouyan, Caitlin N Teague, Michael N Sawka, Mindy L Millard-Stafford, Geza F Kogler, Paul Wolkoff, Omer T Inan
OBJECTIVE: To study knee acoustical emission patterns in subjects with acute knee injury immediately following injury and several months after surgery and rehabilitation. METHODS: We employed an unsupervised graph mining algorithm to visualize heterogeneity of the high-dimensional acoustical emission data, and to then derive a quantitative metric capturing this heterogeneity - the graph community factor (GCF). A total of 42 subjects participated in the studies. Measurements were taken once each from 33 healthy subjects with no known previous knee injury, and twice each from 9 subjects with unilateral knee injury: first, within seven days of the injury, and second, 4-6 months after surgery when the subjects were determined ready to start functional activities...
August 29, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856985/health-trends-in-the-wake-of-the-financial-crisis-increasing-inequalities
#16
Kenneth Nelson, Anne Grete Tøge
AIM: The financial crisis that hit Europe in 2007-2008 and the corresponding austerity policies have generated concern about increasing health inequalities, although impacts have been less salient than initially expected. One explanation could be that health inequalities emerged first a few years into the crisis. This study investigates health trends in the wake of the financial crisis and analyses health inequalities across a number of relevant population subgroups, including those defined by employment status, age, family type, gender, and educational attainment...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856669/postmaterialism-and-young-people-s-political-participation-in-a-time-of-austerity
#17
Matt Henn, Ben Oldfield, James Hart
Recent trends suggest that young people in Britain are refraining from engaging in formal political processes. At the same time, they are increasingly expressing support for, and turning toward, a new and diverse range of non-institutionalized forms of political action in order to actualize their interests. Using Inglehart's ideas on postmaterialism, we consider whether this apparent rejection of mainstream politics in favour of less conventional - and sometimes radical - forms of political action is changing over time in Britain, reflecting fluctuating economic conditions witnessed over the last two decades...
August 30, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844186/austerity-and-the-new-age-of-population-health
#18
Mark A Green
The Great Recession of 2007-2008 saw the largest period of economic downturn since the Second World War or the Great Depression of the 1930s. Recessions, however, tend not to have a significant impact on population health. Rather it is how society and governments respond to a recession that has a larger impact on their populations. The dominant political response to the Great Recession was the introduction of austerity programmes aimed at reducing the size of the state. In this Commentary, I briefly review the state of evidence on the changes in population health during austerity...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838588/service-provision-for-stroke-the-greek-paradox
#19
Antigoni Fountouki, Dimitrios Theofanidis
Stroke remains a leading cause of mortality, as well as of subsequent serious long-term physical and mental morbidity. This places special demands for updated clinical excellence and optimum organization of stroke care services. Stroke units have been shown to improve patient outcomes. Thus, many western countries have developed and implemented sophisticated stroke facilities and corresponding public awareness strategies. These cannot be easily "translated" in Greece due to special features on the hospital administration system such as a unique rotation system for acute admissions and long-standing austerity...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810961/resuscitation-of-hypotensive-traumatic-brain-injured-animals-with-spray-dried-plasma-does-not-adversely-alter-physiology-and-improves-blood-brain-barrier-function
#20
Steven McDaniel, Stephanie Golla, Anthony N Moore, Joe DaCorta, Arthur Bode, Shibani Pati, Pramod K Dash, Jing Zhao
INTRODUCTION: According to the Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center and the Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, the number of soldiers who have sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) has risen dramatically over the past decade. Studies have shown that brain damage can be exacerbated if blood loss occurs (often occurring in polytrauma). As blood supply is critical for brain function and survival, TBI patients must be properly resuscitated to maintain blood volume, blood pressure, and cerebral perfusion...
July 2017: Military Medicine
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