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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428817/prevalence-and-correlates-of-adhd-among-adolescents-in-a-beirut-community-sample-results-from-the-bei-psy-study
#1
Elias Ghossoub, Lilian A Ghandour, Fadi Halabi, Pia Zeinoun, Al Amira Safa Shehab, Fadi T Maalouf
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the prevalence, correlates and treatment seeking behavior related to ADHD among adolescents from Lebanon. METHODS: Five hundred and ten adolescents were recruited through multistage stratified cluster sampling of households in Beirut, and separately interviewed along with one parent/legal guardian, using the DAWBA. All adolescents completed the PRQ and the SDQ; the parent/legal guardian also completed the SDQ and provided basic demographic information, including attitudes towards seeking mental health services...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426543/perspectives-and-experiences-related-to-help-seeking-behaviors-a-content-analysis-study-of-iranian-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Leili Rabiei, HeidarAli Abedi, Parvin Abedi, Kourosh Zarea, Reza Masoudi
BACKGROUND: Patients with multiple sclerosis practice help-seeking behaviors largely because of the progression of this physically exhausting disease, which has far reaching psychosocial consequences and requires hospitalization during severe disease exacerbations. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe the perspectives and experiences of Iranian patients with multiple sclerosis regarding help-seeking behaviors. METHODS: A qualitative design, based on the content analysis approach, was used...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426342/perceived-ideal-body-size-of-ghanaian-women-not-too-skinny-but-not-too-fat
#3
Derek Anamaale Tuoyire, Akwasi Kumi-Kyereme, David Teye Doku, Joshua Amo-Adjei
Body size issues are gaining public health attention because of the fast rising epidemic of overweight and obesity across the globe. This study explored Ghanaian women's subjective perceptions regarding ideal body size for women. A purposive sampling strategy was employed in recruiting 36 women across the body weight spectrum from Tamale (n = 17) and Accra (n = 19) in Ghana. Qualitative data were obtained from in-depth interviews using a semi-structured interview guide. Data from the interviews were analysed deductively...
April 20, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426142/integrated-care-in-cancer-what-is-it-how-is-it-used-and-where-are-the-gaps-a-textual-narrative-literature-synthesis
#4
L J Cortis, P R Ward, R A McKinnon, B Koczwara
Integrated care is an underpinning concept of contemporary health care policy proffered as a strategy to overcome the fragmentations in care encountered by people with complex care needs (Shaw et al. [2011] What is Integrated Care? An Overview of Integrated Care in the NHS). Cancer patients have potential to benefit from such policy, often having needs that extend beyond cancer. This paper seeks to understand how the concept of integrated care is used in the cancer literature. A search of leading databases was conducted for original research relating to integrated care or an integration intervention aiming to improve outcomes of cancer patients, and analysed using textual narrative synthesis...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420670/confirmed-early-myocardial-rupture-in-a-patient-with-pulseless-electrical-activity-pea-following-late-presentation-of-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#5
Baskar Sekar, Joe Martins, Sanjiv Petkar
A 69 year old male, an ex-smoker, was admitted with ongoing chest pain of 11 hours duration. Past medical history included treated hypertension and gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. He delayed seeking medical attention as he assumed the pain to be due to indigestion and kept taking antacids without much symptomatic relief. Clinical examination on arrival was unremarkable. Admission 12 lead electrocardiogram (ECG) was diagnostic of a recent anterolateral myocardial infarction (MI) (Figure 1a). Bedside trans-thoracic echocardiogram (TTE) confirmed an established anterolateral MI (Video 1, Figure 1b)...
April 18, 2017: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418404/a-pathway-linking-reward-circuitry-impulsive-sensation-seeking-and-risky-decision-making-in-young-adults-identifying-neural-markers-for-new-interventions
#6
H W Chase, J C Fournier, M A Bertocci, T Greenberg, H Aslam, R Stiffler, J Lockovich, S Graur, G Bebko, E E Forbes, M L Phillips
High trait impulsive sensation seeking (ISS) is common in 18-25-year olds, and is associated with risky decision-making and deleterious outcomes. We examined relationships among: activity in reward regions previously associated with ISS during an ISS-relevant context, uncertain reward expectancy (RE), using fMRI; ISS impulsivity and sensation-seeking subcomponents; and risky decision-making in 100, transdiagnostically recruited 18-25-year olds. ISS, anhedonia, anxiety, depression and mania were measured using self-report scales; clinician-administered scales also assessed the latter four...
April 18, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417319/cognitive-function-and-vascular-risk-factors-among-older-african-american-adults
#7
Ishan C Williams, Moon Ho Park, Siny Tsang, Scott A Sperling, Carol Manning
To evaluate the association between vascular risk factors and cognitive impairment among older African American (AA) adults in a primary care clinic. Participants included 96 AA adults aged 60 years or older who were evaluated for global and domain-specific cognition. Participants were interviewed using the Computerized Assessment of Memory and Cognitive Impairment (CAMCI). The relationship between CAMCI cognitive domain scores and vascular risk factors were examined using hierarchical regression models. Patients who smoked, those with higher SBP/DBP values had lower accuracy rates on CAMCI cognitive domains (attention, executive, memory)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412853/nitrogen-behaviour-during-thermal-drying-of-mechanically-dewatered-biosludge-from-pulp-and-paper-industry
#8
Kati Mustonen, Ivan Deviatkin, Jouni Havukainen, Mika Horttanainen
An ongoing call to implement a circular economy is underway in the European Union, and a specific attention has been placed on the forest industry, which seeks additional recycling routes for its side streams, including biosludge. Biosludge is often dried and incinerated, thus wasting the nitrogen contained therein. This paper describes a study in which the release of nitrogen during thermal drying; the impact of the drying temperatures of 130, 180, and 210°C on the mass of ammonia released; and the potential for recovery of nitrogen from biosludge were examined...
April 17, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407718/perspectives-on-tactile-intervention-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-framework-to-guide-clinical-reasoning-and-future-research
#9
Megan L Auld, Leanne M Johnston
PURPOSE: Many children with cerebral palsy (CP) are known to experience tactile impairments. Research evaluating specific interventions to manage this is, however, minimal. This paper seeks to consolidate current literature and provide a framework to help clinicians and researchers think strategically about tactile treatment selection and future research planning. METHOD: The framework is described via a novel analogy - "The Apartment Block Theory". The theory describes the relative effectiveness of three intervention strategies aimed at overcoming a poorly responsive tactile system: (1) Pressing the buzzer - providing repeated passive tactile stimulation at the periphery; (2) Sneaking in the door - providing active tactile-enhanced motor training that capitalises on the opportunity to provide high-dose tactile input during motor interventions; and (3) Connecting another way - providing visually enhanced touch strategies with the aim of enhancing tactile function, which can be compared to phoning the apartment as an alternative to using the buzzer...
April 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407480/the-landscape-ecology-and-microbiota-of-the-human-nose-mouth-and-throat
#10
REVIEW
Diana M Proctor, David A Relman
Landscape ecology examines the relationships between the spatial arrangement of different landforms and the processes that give rise to spatial and temporal patterns in local community structure. The spatial ecology of the microbial communities that inhabit the human body-in particular, those of the nose, mouth, and throat-deserves greater attention. Important questions include what defines the size of a population (i.e., "patch") in a given body site, what defines the boundaries of distinct patches within a single body site, and where and over what spatial scales within a body site are gradients detected...
April 12, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406684/redundant-encoding-strengthens-segmentation-and-grouping-in-visual-displays-of-data
#11
Christine Nothelfer, Michael Gleicher, Steven Franconeri
The availability and importance of data are accelerating, and our visual system is a critical tool for understanding it. The research field of data visualization seeks design guidelines-often inspired by perceptual psychology-for more efficient visual data analysis. We evaluated a common guideline: When presenting multiple sets of values to a viewer, those sets should be distinguished not just by a single feature, such as color, but redundantly by multiple features, such as color and shape. Despite the broad use of this practice across maps and graphs, it may carry costs, and there is no direct evidence for a benefit...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406351/substance-use-in-undergraduate-students-with-histories-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-the-role-of-impulsivity
#12
Theresa E Egan, Anne E Dawson, Brian T Wymbs
BACKGROUND: Emerging adulthood (18-25 years old) is regarded as a time of identity exploration that includes a peak in risky behaviors, such as substance use and misuse. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is also associated with greater levels of risky behaviors, including substance use and misuse; however, there is a lack of research on substance use by emerging adults with ADHD, in particular the potential mechanisms that may facilitate this risk. OBJECTIVES: The present study builds on the existing research regarding the association between ADHD and substance use by examining roles of multiple facets of impulsivity in facilitating this association during emerging adulthood...
April 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398131/declarations-on-euthanasia-and-assisted-dying
#13
Hamilton Inbadas, Shahaduz Zaman, Sandy Whitelaw, David Clark
Declarations on end of life issues are advocacy interventions that seek to influence policy, raise awareness and call others to action. Despite increasing prominence, they have attracted little attention from researchers. Our study tracks the emergence, content and purpose of declarations concerned with assisted dying and euthanasia, in the global context. We identified 62 assisted dying/euthanasia declarations covering 1974-2016, and analysed them for: originating organization, geographic scope, format, and stated viewpoint on assisted dying/euthanasia...
April 11, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396368/individual-utilisation-thresholds-and-exploring-how-gps-knowledge-of-their-patients-affects-diagnosis-a-qualitative-study-in-primary-care
#14
Matthias Michiels-Corsten, Stefan Bösner, Norbert Donner-Banzhoff
BACKGROUND: One of the tenets of general practice is that continuity of care has a beneficial effect on patient care. However, little is known about how continuity can have an impact on the diagnostic reasoning of GPs.Aim To explore GPs' diagnostic strategies by examining GPs' reflections on their patients' individual thresholds for seeking medical attention, how they arrive at their estimations, and which conclusions they draw.Design and setting Qualitative study with 12 GPs in urban and rural practices in Germany...
April 10, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393966/-comorbidity-in-people-with-depression-seeking-help-at-primary-health-care-centers-in-santiago-chile
#15
Pablo Martínez, Graciela Rojas, Rosemarie Fritsch, Vania Martínez, Paul A Vöhringer, Ariel Castro
BACKGROUND: International evidence has shown the complex interaction between depression and chronic physical diseases. Depression in scenarios involving multiple comorbidities has not received enough attention in Chile. AIM: To characterize the depressed people who consult at Primary Health Care Centers (PHCCs), taking into account the presence of chronic physical or psychiatric comorbidity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of databases used in a clinical trial...
January 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393552/characteristics-and-fall-experiences-of-older-adults-with-and-without-fear-of-falling-outdoors
#16
Tracy Chippendale, Chang Dae Lee
OBJECTIVE: Using a theoretical model that combines an ecological perspective and Bandura's theory of self-efficacy as a guide, we sought to compare experiences and characteristics of community dwelling older adults with and without concern about falling outdoors. METHOD: A survey of randomly selected community dwelling older adults across NYC (N = 120) was conducted using the outdoor falls questionnaire. Descriptive quantitative analyses of participant characteristics were conducted for all participants and for those with and without concern about falling outside...
April 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392765/the-emerging-neuroscience-of-intrinsic-motivation-a-new-frontier-in-self-determination-research
#17
REVIEW
Stefano I Di Domenico, Richard M Ryan
Intrinsic motivation refers to people's spontaneous tendencies to be curious and interested, to seek out challenges and to exercise and develop their skills and knowledge, even in the absence of operationally separable rewards. Over the past four decades, experimental and field research guided by self-determination theory (SDT; Ryan and Deci, 2017) has found intrinsic motivation to predict enhanced learning, performance, creativity, optimal development and psychological wellness. Only recently, however, have studies begun to examine the neurobiological substrates of intrinsic motivation...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391026/radiopharmaceuticals-in-the-elderly-cancer-patient-practical-considerations-with-a-focus-on-prostate-cancer-therapy-a-position-paper-from-the-international-society-of-geriatric-oncology-task-force
#18
John O Prior, Silke Gillessen, Manfred Wirth, William Dale, Matti Aapro, Wim J G Oyen
Molecular imaging using radiopharmaceuticals has a clear role in visualising the presence and extent of tumour at diagnosis and monitoring response to therapy. Such imaging provides prognostic and predictive information relevant to management, e.g. by quantifying active tumour mass using positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). As these techniques require only pharmacologically inactive doses, age and potential frailty are generally not important. However, this may be different for therapy involving radionuclides because the radiation can impact normal bodily function (e...
April 6, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390269/validity-and-reliability-of-the-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-self-report-scale-asrs-v1-1-in-a-clinical-sample-with-eating-disorders
#19
Samantha Carlucci, Iryna Ivanova, Hany Bissada, Giorgio A Tasca
Individuals with eating disorders (EDs) commonly experience comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The shared features of EDs and ADHD, such as inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity, may exacerbate ED symptomatology and pose challenges to treatment. It is important to screen patients with EDs for symptoms of ADHD to optimize their treatment outcomes. However, the psychometrics of common measures of ADHD have not yet been examined within an ED population. An example of such a measure is the ADHD self-report scale (ASRS-v1...
March 30, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390150/quantitative-proteomics-investigation-of-leaves-from-two-sedum-alfredii-crassulaceae-populations-that-differ-in-cadmium-accumulation
#20
Zhongchun Zhang, Huina Zhou, Qi Yu, Yunxia Li, David G Mendoza-Cózatl, Baosheng Qiu, Pingping Liu, Qiansi Chen
Due to extraordinary their capacity to hypertolerate and hyperaccumulate heavy metals in above-ground tissues, hyperaccumulator species have gained wide attention from researchers seeking biotechnologies to manage environmental heavy metal pollution. However, the molecular basis of hyperaccumulation is still far from being fully understood. Here, we used iTRAQ to perform a quantitative proteomics study of the leaves of Sedum alfredii (Crassulaceae) from hyperaccumulating (HP) and non-hyperaccumulating (NHP) populations...
April 8, 2017: Proteomics
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