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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928613/clarifying-the-anatomy-and-physiology-of-totally-anomalous-systemic-venous-connection
#1
REVIEW
Saurabh Kumar Gupta, Rajnish Juneja, Robert H Anderson, Gurpreet S Gulati, Velayoudam Devagorou
The description of totally anomalous systemic venous connection is limited to case reports. In this review, we seek to clarify anatomic, physiologic, and hemodynamic aspects of this extremely rare anomaly. We also present findings of two patients in whom connection of all the systemic veins was anomalous. In the first patient, with usual atrial arrangement, all systemic veins, including the coronary sinus, were connected anomalously to the morphologically left atrium. Limited left-to-right shunt across an atrial septal defect provided the only source of blood flow to the lungs...
September 2017: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928299/a-study-on-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-regarding-mental-health-illnesses-in-amdanga-block-west-bengal
#2
Rivu Basu, Arkaprabha Sau, Soham Saha, Souren Mondal, Pradip Kumar Ghoshal, Sourav Kundu
BACKGROUND: The discourse of mental health is getting its due attention after all these years in India. A major threat to the mental health system is the demand side factors, namely, knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of the general population toward this. In spite of growing concern regarding mental health in India, this kind of study to assess the mental health status has been very few in India, more so in West Bengal. OBJECTIVES: With this background, this study was carried out with the objectives to validate the Community Attitude to Mental Illness (CAMI), to assess the different sociodemographic factors among the study population, to assess the KAP regarding mental illness among the study population...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925328/a-case-report-of-tadalafil-associated-fixed-drug-eruption
#3
Ada W Chiu, Robert Stenstrom
Tadalafil is a drug approved for use in erectile dysfunction, but increasingly being used recreationally. There have only been scant case reports on tadalafil causing fixed drug eruption (FDE). Patients who use tadalafil recreationally are less likely to seek medical attention and the diagnosis can often be missed, given the difficulty in diagnosis. However, clinical examination together with a detailed medication history can provide clinicians with good evidence of the association without invasive biopsies...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919872/follower-centered-perspective-on-feedback-effects-of-feedback-seeking-on-identification-and-feedback-environment
#4
Zhenxing Gong, Miaomiao Li, Yaoyuan Qi, Na Zhang
In the formation mechanism of the feedback environment, the existing research pays attention to external feedback sources and regards individuals as objects passively accepting feedback. Thus, the external source fails to realize the individuals' need for feedback, and the feedback environment cannot provide them with useful information, leading to a feedback vacuum. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of feedback-seeking by different strategies on the supervisor-feedback environment through supervisor identification...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919222/understanding-active-sampling-strategies-empirical-approaches-and-implications-for-attention-and-decision-research
#5
REVIEW
Jacqueline Gottlieb
In natural behavior we actively gather information using attention and active sensing behaviors (such as shifts of gaze) to sample relevant cues. However, while attention and decision making are naturally coordinated, in the laboratory they have been dissociated. Attention is studied independently of the actions it serves. Conversely, decision theories make the simplifying assumption that the relevant information is given, and do not attempt to describe how the decision maker may learn and implement active sampling policies...
August 24, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918410/-just-like-a-normal-pain-what-do-people-with-diabetes-mellitus-experience-when-having-a-myocardial-infarction-a-qualitative-study-recruited-from-uk-hospitals
#6
Nikita Berman, Melvyn Mark Jones, Daan A De Coster
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate the symptoms people with diabetes experience when having a myocardial infarction (MI), their illness narrative and how they present their symptoms to the health service. SETTING: Three London (UK) hospitals (coronary care units and medical wards). PARTICIPANTS: Patients were recruited with diabetes mellitus (DM) (types 1 and 2) with a clinical presentation of MI (ST elevated MI (STEMI), non-ST elevated MI (NSTEMI), acute MI unspecified and cardiac arrest)...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917715/attentional-control-predicts-change-in-bias-in-response-to-attentional-bias-modification
#7
Julian Basanovic, Lies Notebaert, Ben Grafton, Colette R Hirsch, Patrick J F Clarke
Procedures that effectively modify attentional bias to negative information have been examined for their potential to be a source of therapeutic change in emotional vulnerability. However, the degree to which these procedures modify attentional bias is subject to individual differences. This generates the need to understand the mechanisms that influence attentional bias change across individuals. The present study investigated the association between individual differences in attentional control and individual differences in the magnitude of bias change evoked by an attentional bias modification procedure...
September 11, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915379/study-on-the-oxygen-reduction-reaction-catalyzed-by-a-cold-tolerant-marine-strain-phylogenetically-related-to-erythrobacter-citreus
#8
Lianqiang Li, Fei Ding, Lin Sang, Jiaquan Liu, Duolu Mao, Xingjiang Liu, Qiang Xu
As the development of marine economy, the submarine battery with the seawater electrolyte has obtained more and more attentions. Owing to the conventional electrochemical catalysts of the cathodes in seawater battery are expensive, it is to seek the new biological catalysts to improve the electrochemical performance of the cathode and reduce the cost of seawater battery. A novel marine bacterial strain (Strain SQ-32) phylogenetically related to the Erythrobactercitreus strain has been isolated from the sea-bed sludge in the Yellow Sea of China successfully...
September 8, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903598/healthcare-providers-attitude-and-knowledge-regarding-medication-use-in-breastfeeding-women-a-jordanian-national-questionnaire-study
#9
Nour A Al-Sawalha, Abeer Sawalha, Linda Tahaineh, Basima Almomani, Maha Al-Keilani
Medication use among women who have recently given birth is unavoidable in some situations. The aim of this study was to assess the attitude and knowledge of healthcare providers (HCPs) in Jordan about the safe use of medications during breastfeeding. The data were collected from HCPs in maternal and children care centres and hospitals from April 2015 to January 2016, using a self-administered questionnaire. A total of 904 HCPs (79.3%) were enrolled in the study. Half of the participants followed the World Health Organisation's and American Academy of Pediatrics' recommendations...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900686/changes-in-marijuana-use-symptoms-and-emotional-functioning-over-28-days-of-monitored-abstinence-in-adolescent-marijuana-users
#10
Joanna Jacobus, Lindsay M Squeglia, Silvia Escobar, Benjamin M McKenna, Margie Mejia Hernandez, Kara S Bagot, Charles T Taylor, Marilyn A Huestis
RATIONALE: Advancing marijuana prevention and intervention efforts are important given the decreasing perception of harm among adolescents and increasing marijuana legalization. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates how a monitored abstinence protocol may contribute to emotional functioning and changes in marijuana problems that can enhance successful outcomes for non-treatment-seeking adolescent marijuana users. METHODS: Adolescent marijuana users (n = 26) and demographically matched controls (n = 30) completed 28 days of monitored abstinence confirmed by biweekly urine toxicology...
September 12, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899330/rem-sleep-behaviour-disorder-not-just-a-bad-dream
#11
REVIEW
Elie Matar, Simon Jg Lewis
Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) is a parasomnia characterised by the loss of the normal atonia during the REM stage of sleep, resulting in overt motor behaviours that usually represent the enactment of dreams. Patients will seek medical attention due to sleep-related injuries or unpleasant dream content. Idiopathic RBD which occurs independently of any other disease occurs in up to 2% of the older population. Meanwhile, secondary RBD is very common in association with certain neurodegenerative conditions...
September 18, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898707/the-effect-of-prenatal-substance-use-and-maternal-contingent-responsiveness-on-infant-affect
#12
Jean Lowe, Fares Qeadan, Lawrence Leeman, Shikhar Shrestha, Julia M Stephen, Ludmila N Bakhireva
BACKGROUND: The effects of prenatal substance exposure on neurobehavioral outcomes are inherently confounded by the effects of the postnatal environment, making it difficult to disentangle their influence. The goal of this study was to examine the contributing effects of prenatal substance use and parenting style (operationalized as contingent responding during the play episodes of the Still-face paradigm [SFP]) on infant affect. METHODS: A prospective cohort design was utilized with repeated assessment of substance use during pregnancy and the administration of the SFP, which measures infant response to a social stressor, at approximately 6months of age...
September 9, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898506/physical-activity-may-decrease-the-likelihood-of-children-developing-constipation
#13
Sandra Seidenfaden, Orri Thor Ormarsson, Sigrun H Lund, Einar S Bjornsson
AIM: Childhood constipation is common. We evaluated children diagnosed with constipation, who were referred to an Icelandic paediatric emergency department, and determined the effect of lifestyle factors on its aetiology. METHODS: The parents of children who were diagnosed with constipation and participated in a phase IIB clinical trial on laxative suppositories answered an online questionnaire about their children's lifestyle and constipation in March-April 2013...
September 12, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898287/multimodal-cues-provide-redundant-information-for-bumblebees-when-the-stimulus-is-visually-salient-but-facilitate-red-target-detection-in-a-naturalistic-background
#14
Francismeire Jane Telles, Guadalupe Corcobado, Alejandro Trillo, Miguel A Rodríguez-Gironés
Our understanding of how floral visitors integrate visual and olfactory cues when seeking food, and how background complexity affects flower detection is limited. Here, we aimed to understand the use of visual and olfactory information for bumblebees (Bombus terrestris terrestris L.) when seeking flowers in a visually complex background. To explore this issue, we first evaluated the effect of flower colour (red and blue), size (8, 16 and 32 mm), scent (presence or absence) and the amount of training on the foraging strategy of bumblebees (accuracy, search time and flight behaviour), considering the visual complexity of our background, to later explore whether experienced bumblebees, previously trained in the presence of scent, can recall and make use of odour information when foraging in the presence of novel visual stimuli carrying a familiar scent...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893200/an-after-hours-gp-clinic-in-regional-australia-appropriateness-of-presentations-and-impact-on-local-emergency-department-presentations
#15
Kristy Payne, Tegan Dutton, Kate Weal, Maree Earle, Ross Wilson, Jannine Bailey
BACKGROUND: After hours general practice clinics provide medical attention for clients with non-emergency situations but are seeking immediate treatment and unable to wait for a general practitioner during routine opening hours. Evidence on the impact that after hours clinics have on emergency department presentations is equivocal. This study explored outcomes of the Bathurst After Hours General Practice Clinic (BAHGPC). Specifically it examined: clients' perceived urgency of, and satisfaction with their presentation to the BAHGPC; general practitioners' perception of the appropriateness of presentations to the BAHGPC; and whether the frequency of non-urgent and semi-urgent emergency department presentations at Bathurst Base Hospital has changed since the opening of the BAHGPC...
September 11, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890454/the-telegraph-and-the-control-of-material-movements-a-micro-study-about-the-detachment-of-communication-from-transport
#16
Roland Wenzlhuemer
Relatively recent historiographical approaches such as global or transnational history have attracted new attention to telegraphy and its role in processes of globalization. This renewed interest in submarine cables and overland wires has recently provided us with a reasonably good idea of how the global telegraph network developed in the nineteenth century, who its principal designers were, and where it was more and where it was less tight. Little, however, has been said so far about the actual matters communicated telegraphically, certainly not in any systematic fashion...
2017: Technology and Culture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886502/nature-based-solutions-in-the-eu-innovating-with-nature-to-address-social-economic-and-environmental-challenges
#17
Nicolas Faivre, Marco Fritz, Tiago Freitas, Birgit de Boissezon, Sofie Vandewoestijne
Contemporary societies are facing a broad range of challenges, from pressures on human health and well-being to natural capital depletion, and the security of food, water and energy. These challenges are deeply intertwined with global processes, such as climate change and with local events such as natural disasters. The EU's research & innovation (R&I) policy is now seeking to address these challenges from a new perspective, with Nature-Based Solutions, and turn them into innovation opportunities that optimise the synergies between nature, society and the economy...
September 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883283/oncolytic-coxsackievirus-therapy-as-an-immunostimulator
#18
Shohei Miyamoto, Miyako Sagara, Hiroshi Kohara, Kenzaburo Tani
Recently, the active development of oncolytic virotherapy has gathered attention. Enterovirus research seeks to better understand its pathogenicity. In particular, coxsackievirus A21 (CVA21) is a promising candidate for oncolytic virotherapy, and thus is the focus of many clinical trials. We have reported that coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) had potent oncolytic activity for cancer, and induced immunogenic cell death of CVB3-infected cells. We then genetically engineered wild type CVB3 and successfully produced a novel recombinant CVB3-miRT, improving its safety by the introducing an organ-specific miRNA target sequence...
2017: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882104/dysphoric-symptoms-in-relation-to-other-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-among-elderly-in-nursing-homes
#19
Agnes Lindbo, Maria Gustafsson, Ulf Isaksson, Per-Olof Sandman, Hugo Lövheim
BACKGROUND: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are common and varied in the elderly. The aim of the current study was to explore associations between BPSD and dysphoric symptoms at different levels of cognitive impairment. METHODS: Assessments of 4397 elderly individuals living in nursing homes in Sweden were performed. Data on cognitive function and BPSD were collected using the Multi-Dimensional Dementia Assessment Scale (MDDAS). The relationships between dysphoria and eight BPSD factors were plotted against cognitive function to investigate how dysphoria affects BPSD throughout the dementia disease...
September 7, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881932/health-facility-management-and-access-a-qualitative-analysis-of-challenges-to-seeking-healthcare-for-children-under-five-in-uganda
#20
Elizabeth Palchik Allen, Wilson Winstons Muhwezi, Dorcus Kiwanuka Henriksson, Anthony Kabanza Mbonye
While several studies have documented the various barriers that caretakers of children under five routinely confront when seeking healthcare in Uganda, few have sought to capture the ways in which caretakers themselves prioritize their own barriers to seeking services. To that end, we asked focus groups of caretakers to list their five greatest challenges to seeking care on behalf of children under five. Using qualitative content analysis, we grouped responses according to four categories: (1) geographical access barriers; (2) facility supplies, staffing, and infrastructural barriers; (3) facility management and administration barriers (e...
September 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
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