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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334608/factors-associated-with-prolonged-patient-attributable-delay-in-the-diagnosis-of-colorectal-cancer
#1
Irene Zarcos-Pedrinaci, Teresa Téllez, Francisco Rivas-Ruiz, María Del Carmen Padilla-Ruiz, Julia Alcaide, Antonio Rueda, María Luisa Baré, María Manuela Morales Suárez-Varela, Eduardo Briones, Cristina Sarasqueta, Nerea Fernández-Larrea, Antonio Escobar, José María Quintana, Maximino Redondo
Purpose: The delayed diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) may be attributable to sociodemographic characteristics, to aspects of tumour histopathology or to the functioning of the health system. We seek to determine which of these factors most influences prolonged patient-attributable delay (PPAD) in the diagnosis and treatment of CRC. Materials and method: A prospective, multicentre observational study was conducted in 22 Spanish hospitals. In total, 1,785 patients were recruited to the study between 2010 and 2012 and underwent elective or urgent surgery...
January 2, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332553/understanding-trauma-normativeness-normalization-and-help-seeking-in-homeless-mothers
#2
Barbara L Brush, Laura E Gultekin, Elizabeth B Dowdell, Denise M Saint Arnault, Katherine Satterfield
Although trauma-informed approaches guide services to families experiencing homelessness, more emphasis is placed on securing housing than addressing underlying trauma contributing to housing instability. Examining the stories of 29 homeless and/or unstably housed mothers within the broader literature on family trauma and violence, chronic illness, and cultural aspects of family functioning, we define the process of trauma normativeness and normalization that may occur with repeated trauma experiences and argue that rehousing efforts must include concomitant attention to trauma and to understanding how individual, family, community, and cultural factors influence help-seeking behaviors in this vulnerable and growing population...
November 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331976/concealment-of-type-1-diabetes-at-work-in-finland-a-mixed-method-study
#3
Pirjo Hakkarainen, Fehmidah Munir, Leena Moilanen, Kimmo Räsänen, Vilma Hänninen
OBJECTIVES: To explore the possible reasons for concealing type 1 diabetes (T1D) at work. METHODS: The main set of data came from a cross-sectional survey (response rate 49.3%), the participants of which were 688 wage earners with T1D. Concealment of T1D was measured by asking respondents have they ever during their working career hidden their diabetes from their (A) colleagues and (B) line manager. Furthermore, semistructured interviews (n=20) were conducted to obtain deeper understanding...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330741/coronary-artery-aneurysm-regression-after-kawasaki-disease-and-associated-risk-factors-a-3-year-follow-up-study-in-east-china
#4
Yunjia Tang, Wenhua Yan, Ling Sun, Qiuqin Xu, Yueyue Ding, Haitao Lv
Kawasaki disease (KD) is the leading cause of acquired heart disease due to its complicated coronary artery lesions. Up to now, few studies were focused on the status of persistent coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) in KD patients. The present study was designed to identify the coronary artery outcomes and seek the risk factors associated with the regression of CAA in KD patients. One hundred and twenty KD patients with CAA hospitalized in Children's Hospital of Soochow University from Jan 2008 to Dec 2013 were prospectively studied by a 3-year follow-up...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326443/aesthetic-possibilities-in-removable-prosthodontics-part-1-the-aesthetic-spectrum-from-perfect-to-personal
#5
J N Besford, A F Sutton
Patients requiring dentures are getting older and as a result can be difficult to treat owing to various co-morbidities. This series of papers presents an overview of the processes involved in making removable dentures which the patient considers to be functionally and aesthetically successful. We hope not only to provide technical suggestions but also to address the issue of the clinician's, technician's and dental nurse's relationships with the dentally depleted patient. It is increasingly clear from defence organisation reports that this has a decisive effect on the success of this fundamentally difficult enterprise ('The only branch of dentistry in which you are trying to attach something to nothing' [Hubert Aïche])...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325025/towards-an-understanding-of-resilience-responding-to-health-systems-shocks
#6
Johanna Hanefeld, Susannah Mayhew, Helena Legido-Quigley, Frederick Martineau, Marina Karanikolos, Karl Blanchet, Marco Liverani, Esther Yei Mokuwa, Gillian McKay, Dina Balabanova
The recent outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa has drawn attention to the role and responsiveness of health systems in the face of shock. It brought into sharp focus the idea that health systems need not only to be stronger but also more 'resilient'. In this article, we argue that responding to shocks is an important aspect of resilience, examining the health system behaviour in the face of four types of contemporary shocks: the financial crisis in Europe from 2008 onwards; climate change disasters; the EVD outbreak in West Africa 2013-16; and the recent refugee and migration crisis in Europe...
January 9, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323344/updating-osteoimmunology-regulation-of-bone-cells-by-innate-and-adaptive-immunity
#7
REVIEW
Matthew C Walsh, Noriko Takegahara, Hyunsoo Kim, Yongwon Choi
Osteoimmunology encompasses all aspects of the cross-regulation of bone and the immune system, including various cell types, signalling pathways, cytokines and chemokines, under both homeostatic and pathogenic conditions. A number of key areas are of increasing interest and relevance to osteoimmunology researchers. Although rheumatoid arthritis has long been recognized as one of the most common autoimmune diseases to affect bone integrity, researchers have focused increased attention on understanding how molecular triggers and innate signalling pathways (such as Toll-like receptors and purinergic signalling pathways) related to pathogenic and/or commensal microbiota are relevant to bone biology and rheumatic diseases...
January 11, 2018: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322474/pharmacovigilance-in-developing-countries-part-ii-a-path-forward
#8
Shaimaa Elshafie, Anne Marie Roberti, Iman Zaghloul
In recent years, attention to pharmacovigilance has gained momentum in developing countries, however awareness of, and policies or systems for pharmacovigilance in most developing countries still lags sharply behind developed countries. This article proposes different strategies to encourage the introduction and sustain the advancement of robust pharmacovigilance systems in developing countries. To this end, this article seeks to accomplish the ultimate goal of pharmacovigilance in a developing country context; ensuring patient safety and promoting safe and rational use of drugs...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315784/the-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-arab-adolescents-findings-from-jordan
#9
Latefa Ali Dardas, Susan G Silva, Moria J Smoski, Devon Noonan, Leigh Ann Simmons
BACKGROUND: The lack of research regarding the current profile of adolescent depression in the Arab countries in general, and Jordan in particular, makes it difficult to design, implement, and disseminate effective interventions to improve the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adolescent depression in the region. The purpose of this study was to estimate a national prevalence of depressive symptoms among adolescents in Jordan, and to identify characteristics associated with severity of depression...
January 8, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305643/treatment-of-soft-tissue-filler-complications-expert-consensus-recommendations
#10
REVIEW
Fernando Urdiales-Gálvez, Nuria Escoda Delgado, Vitor Figueiredo, José V Lajo-Plaza, Mar Mira, Antonio Moreno, Francisco Ortíz-Martí, Rosa Del Rio-Reyes, Nazaret Romero-Álvarez, Sofía Ruiz Del Cueto, María A Segurado, Cristina Villanueva Rebenaque
BACKGROUND: Dermal fillers have been increasingly used in minimally invasive facial esthetic procedures. This widespread use has led to a rise in reports of associated complications. The aim of this expert consensus report is to describe potential adverse events associated with dermal fillers and to provide guidance on their treatment and avoidance. METHODS: A multidisciplinary group of experts in esthetic treatments convened to discuss the management of the complications associated with dermal fillers use...
January 5, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296555/irritant-contact-keratitis-caused-by-the-bodily-fluids-of-a-brown-marmorated-stink-bug
#11
Yi-Syun Shen, Chao-Chien Hu
PURPOSE: The brown marmorated stink bug is native to Asia (China, Taiwan, Japan, and the Korean peninsula). Its bodily fluids are toxic and irritating to the human skin and eyes. Human case reports are rare. Only one report of irritant contact dermatitis has been published. We report a case of irritant contact keratitis resulting from the chemical components of the bodily fluids of the bug. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case report. RESULTS: A 74-year-old male presented to our emergency department with pain and redness in his right eye, which had been exposed to the bodily fluids of a brown marmorated stink bug...
October 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295012/improving-formal-support-after-sexual-assault-recommendations-from-survivors-living-in-poverty-in-canada
#12
Victoria Sit, Lana Stermac
Despite the extensive and often long-lasting sequelae of sexual assault, a significant majority of survivors do not seek assistance from formal support sources, such as police, medical or mental health professionals, and community-based agencies. While growing attention has been directed toward understanding the help-seeking barriers faced by sexual assault survivors, few studies have explored the experiences of survivors living in poverty and how help-seeking can be improved for this marginalized population...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294842/sexual-coercion-in-the-college-population-a-form-of-risk-taking-behavior
#13
Alisa R Garner, Laura C Spiller, Patrick Williams
The purpose of this study was to examine whether a decision-making model of risk-taking behavior, specifically impulsivity, positive and negative outcome expectation, and sensation seeking, can be extended to motivation for perpetration of sexual coercion. Participants included 276 sexually active college students between the ages of 18 and 25 years old who completed a set of questionnaires: (a) Sexual Experiences Survey, (b) Sensation Seeking Scales, (c) Cognitive Appraisal of Risky Events, (d) Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, and (e) Reckless Behavior Questionnaire...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294648/intimate-partner-violence-variations-in-perpetrators-and-treatment-allocation
#14
T Weber, Yvonne H A Bouman
The division of batterers into subtypes is hardly ever used, neither to describe the type of perpetrator nor to indicate in the clinical decision-making process what treatment should be offered. In this study, a sample of male perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV) who had been advised to seek treatment at a community-based Dutch forensic psychiatric facility ( N = 110), either voluntarily or mandatorily, have been divided into four subtypes based on a model reported by Holtzworth-Munroe and Stuart (1994)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291475/brain-arousal-regulation-in-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd
#15
Maria Strauß, Christine Ulke, Madlen Paucke, Jue Huang, Nicole Mauche, Christian Sander, Tetyana Stark, Ulrich Hegerl
The main aim of the current study was to test the hypothesis that adult patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have less stable brain arousal regulation than healthy controls. We objectively assessed brain arousal regulation using the Vigilance Algorithm Leipzig (VIGALL 2.1) to analyze 15-min resting EEG data of thirty-three ADHD patients and thirty-five matched controls. Based on automatically classified 1-s segments we computed mean EEG-vigilance (indexing arousal level) and arousal stability score (indexing arousal regulation)...
December 18, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291195/self-esteem-propensity-for-sensation-seeking-and-risk-behaviour-among-adults-with-tattoos-and-piercings
#16
Bo-Kyung Hong, Hyo Young Lee
Background: In recent years, increasing numbers of adults and adolescents have opted to undergo tattoo and piercing procedures. Studies among adolescents with tattoo and piercing have usually explored the relationship between one factor and the decision to have tattoos and/or piercings. The aim of this study was to determine relationships between body cosmetic procedures and selfesteem, propensity for sensation seeking, and risk behaviours among adults. Materials and Methods: The subjects were divided into two groups, i...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284699/what-factors-contribute-to-postabortion-contraceptive-uptake-by-young-women-a-program-evaluation-in-10-countries-in-asia-and-sub-saharan-africa
#17
Janie Benson, Kathryn Andersen, Joan Healy, Dalia Brahmi
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancy disproportionately affects young women and adolescents in developing countries. The abortion care setting offers a unique opportunity for adolescents and young women to access a full range of contraceptive services. This evaluation assesses the factors that influence contraceptive uptake among adolescents and young women seeking abortion care in health facilities. METHODS: Following provider training, we analyzed client log book data from 921,918 abortion care cases in 4,881 health facilities in 10 countries from July 2011 through June 2015...
December 28, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279583/psychological-markers-underlying-murder-weapon-profile-a-quantitative-study
#18
M R Kamaluddin, A Othman, K H Ismail, G A Mat Saat
The horrific nature of murder using different types of weapons has been an important focal point of many criminological studies. Weapons that are used in murders seem to play dominant roles in murder investigations as they may provide information leading to arrest. The established factors for weapon usage include environmental context, demography and availability of weapons. However, there is insufficient research attention on the psychological functioning of murderers for particular weapon usage. In light of this, the current study seeks to narrow this gap of information by identifying the influences of psychological traits on weapon usage among a sample of male murderers...
December 2017: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279254/factors-related-to-immediate-response-to-symptoms-in-patients-with-stroke-or-transient-ischaemic-attack
#19
R García Ruiz, J Silva Fernández, R M García Ruiz, M Recio Bermejo, Á Arias Arias, A Santos Pinto, A Lomas Meneses, E Botía Paniagua, J Abellán Alemán
INTRODUCTION: Despite recent advances in the management of acute stroke, fewer than 10% of patients receive reperfusion therapy. One of the main reasons for such a low rate of administration is the delay on the part of patients and their families in seeking medical attention. This study aimed to analyse this delay. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted on consecutive stroke or transient ischaemic attack. Data on sociodemographic and clinical parameters, decision delay, pre-hospital delay, and first medical contact were collected...
December 23, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279214/aversive-events-and-aggression
#20
REVIEW
Christopher L Groves, Craig A Anderson
There is perhaps no finding in psychology that is more consistent than the human motivation to avoid negative experiences and seek out positive ones. The current review details some of the aggression-related consequences that result from failures to avoid these negative experiences. Attention is paid to the theoretical processes at work that produce such effects. A review is conducted of the empirical literature detailing animal and human studies, in the lab and field. Lastly, we briefly discuss future directions in research that may advance our understanding of such effects...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
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