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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222927/coping-with-the-enduring-unpredictability-of-opioid-addiction-an-investigation-of-a-novel-family-focused-peer-support-organization
#1
John F Kelly, Nilo Fallah-Sohy, Julie Cristello, Brandon Bergman
BACKGROUND: Opioid overdose deaths have become a major public health crisis. While efforts have focused mostly on helping opioid-addicted individuals directly, family members suffer also from the grave and enduring unpredictability associated with opioid addiction and often play a vital role in helping addicted loved ones access care. Little is known, however, about resources to help affected family members. Here we describe results from the first quantitative and qualitative investigation of a free and growing support organization for family members of addicted individuals ("Learn to Cope" [LTC]; www...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222846/planning-for-the-leicester-city-football-club-victory-parade
#2
Martin Halse
This paper details the multiagency planning for and delivery of the Leicester City Football Club victory parade at the end of the 2015/16 football season to celebrate the team winning the Barclays Premier League. This is compared and contrasted with the planning and delivery of the reinterment of the mortal remains of King Richard III, which took place in Leicester a little more than 12 months prior. Both events were unprecedentedly high-profile for a comparatively small city and the routes involved had much in common...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187721/assessing-the-link-between-witnessing-inter-parental-violence-and-the-perpetration-of-intimate-partner-violence-in-bangladesh
#3
Md Jahirul Islam, Mosiur Rahman, Lisa Broidy, Syed Emdadul Haque, Yu Mon Saw, Nguyen Huu Chau Duc, Md Nurruzzaman Haque, Md Mostafizur Rahman, Md Rafiqul Islam, Md Golam Mostofa
BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine the influence of witnessing father-to-mother violence on: 1) perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV); and 2) endorsement of attitudes justifying wife beating in Bangladesh. METHODS: This paper used data from the 2007 Bangladesh Demographic Health Survey. The analyses were based on the responses of 3374 ever-married men. Exposure to IPV was determined by men's self-reports of witnessing inter-parental violence in childhood...
February 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185226/memory-and-learning-for-visual-signals-in-time-and-space
#4
Sujala Maharjan, Jason M Gold, Robert Sekuler
Vision is often characterized as a spatial sense, but what does that characterization imply about the relative ease of processing visual information distributed over time rather than over space? Three experiments addressed this question, using stimuli comprising random luminances. For some stimuli, individual items were presented sequentially, at 8 Hz; for other stimuli, individual items were presented simultaneously, as horizontal spatial arrays. For temporal sequences, subjects judged whether each of the last four luminances matched the corresponding luminance in the first four; for spatial arrays, they judged whether each of the right-hand four luminances matched the corresponding left-hand luminance...
February 9, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184087/learning-to-look-from-different-perspectives-what-can-dental-undergraduates-learn-from-an-arts-and-humanities-based-teaching-approach
#5
F Smyth Zahra, K Dunton
By its nature, clinical teaching involves supporting small groups of dental students at the chairside as they treat their own patients. Scaffolding their learning in this way enables observation at close quarters of the various stages of development from early novice, just commencing clinical treatment of patients, to those approaching qualification. The students' main concerns throughout are not primarily with the technical skills required, which they have already been taught in the clinical skills laboratories, but dealing with the complex realities and ambiguities of clinical practice; the 'hidden curriculum' of decision making, judgement calls, issues of communication and what it actually means to be professional...
February 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151816/mobile-technology-in-the-perioperative-arena-rapid-evolution-and-future-disruption
#6
Brian S Rothman, Rajnish K Gupta, Matthew D McEvoy
Throughout the history of medicine, physicians have relied upon disruptive innovations and technologies to improve the quality of care delivered, patient outcomes, and patient satisfaction. The implementation of mobile technology in health care is quickly becoming the next disruptive technology. We first review the history of mobile technology over the past 3 decades, discuss the impact of hardware and software, explore the rapid expansion of applications (apps), and evaluate the adoption of mobile technology in health care...
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125421/engaging-people-with-aphasia-in-design-of-rehabilitation-through-participatory-design-a-way-to-learn-what-they-really-want
#7
Ulla Konnerup
Research literature on participatory design in relation to people with communicative and cognitive disabilities often focuses on the challenges of communication among the participants. This paper presents a case study involving people suffering from communication disabilities after a brain injury (aphasia) early in a design process of an avatar-mediated virtual learning environment for rehabilitation. The example demonstrates how providing time and space and supporting the communication with well-suited tools and artefact opens for firth-hand domain knowledge of living with aphasia...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113348/a-just-in-time-learning-based-monitoring-and-classification-method-for-hyper-hypocalcemia-diagnosis
#8
Xin Peng, Yang Tang, Wangli He, Wenli Du, Feng Qian
This study focuses on the classification and pathological status monitoring of hyper/hypo-calcemia in the calcium regulatory system. By utilizing the Independent Component Analysis (ICA) mixture model, samples from healthy patients are collected, diagnosed, and subsequently classified according to their underlying behaviors, characteristics, and mechanisms. Then, a Just-in-Time Learning (JITL) has been employed in order to estimate the diseased status dynamically. In terms of JITL, for the purpose of the construction of an appropriate similarity index to identify relevant datasets, a novel similarity index based on the ICA mixture model is proposed in this paper to improve online model quality...
January 20, 2017: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102945/learning-based-deformable-image-registration-for-infant-mr-images-in-the-first-year-of-life
#9
Shunbo Hu, Lifang Wei, Yaozong Gao, Yanrong Guo, Guorong Wu, Dinggang Shen
PURPOSE: Many brain development studies have been devoted to investigate dynamic structural and functional changes in the first year of life. To quantitatively measure brain development in such a dynamic period, accurate image registration for different infant subjects with possible large age gap is of high demand. Although many state-of-the-art image registration methods have been proposed for young and elderly brain images, very few registration methods work for infant brain images acquired in the first year of life, because of (a) large anatomical changes due to fast brain development and (b) dynamic appearance changes due to white-matter myelination...
January 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099326/implementation-of-a-needs-based-online-feedback-tool-for-anesthesia-residents-with-subsequent-mapping-of-the-feedback-to-the-acgme-milestones
#10
Pedro Tanaka, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Kim Walker, Jennifer Zocca, Lena Scotto, Alyssa L Bogetz, Alex Macario
BACKGROUND: Optimizing feedback that residents receive from faculty is important for learning. The goals of this study were to (1) conduct focus groups of anesthesia residents to define what constitutes optimal feedback; (2) develop, test, and implement a web-based feedback tool; and (3) then map the contents of the written comments collected on the feedback tool to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) anesthesiology milestones. METHODS: All 72 anesthesia residents in the program were invited to participate in 1 of 5 focus groups scheduled over a 2-month period...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086812/person-centred-care-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-cross-sectional-study-of-patients-desires-for-self-management-support
#11
Kathryn Havas, Clint Douglas, Ann Bonner
BACKGROUND: People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) must self-manage their illness to assist with slowing disease-progression, but this is a complex task requiring support from healthcare professionals. Despite the established importance of person-centred care, people with CKD are rarely consulted regarding their desires for self-management support (SMS). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted face-to-face in a Queensland primary care clinic and distributed Australia-wide via an online interface promoted by Kidney Health Australia during 2015...
January 13, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076801/msmbuilder-statistical-models-for-biomolecular-dynamics
#12
Matthew P Harrigan, Mohammad M Sultan, Carlos X Hernández, Brooke E Husic, Peter Eastman, Christian R Schwantes, Kyle A Beauchamp, Robert T McGibbon, Vijay S Pande
MSMBuilder is a software package for building statistical models of high-dimensional time-series data. It is designed with a particular focus on the analysis of atomistic simulations of biomolecular dynamics such as protein folding and conformational change. MSMBuilder is named for its ability to construct Markov state models (MSMs), a class of models that has gained favor among computational biophysicists. In addition to both well-established and newer MSM methods, the package includes complementary algorithms for understanding time-series data such as hidden Markov models and time-structure based independent component analysis...
January 10, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051893/shame-in-medical-education-a-randomized-study-of-the-acquisition-of-intimate-examination-skills-and-its-effect-on-subsequent-performance
#13
Wolf E Hautz, Therese Schröder, Katja A Dannenberg, Maren März, Henrike Hölzer, Olaf Ahlers, Anke Thomas
THEORY: Although medical students are exposed to a variety of emotions, the impact of emotions on learning has received little attention so far. Shame-provoking intimate examinations are among the most memorable events for students. Their emotions, however, are rarely addressed during training, potentially leading to withdrawal and avoidance and, consequently, performance deficits. However, emotions of negative valance such as shame may be particularly valuable for learning, as they might prompt mental rehearsal...
January 4, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047744/we-a-201-01-memorial-introduction
#14
C Marshall
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047091/we-a-201-02-modern-statistical-modeling
#15
A Niemierko
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046561/we-a-201-00-anne-and-donald-herbert-distinguished-lectureship-on-modern-statistical-modeling
#16
Joseph Deasy
: Chris Marshall: Memorial Introduction Donald Edmonds Herbert Jr., or Don to his colleagues and friends, exemplified the "big tent" vision of medical physics, specializing in Applied Statistics and Dynamical Systems theory. He saw, more clearly than most, that "Making models is the difference between doing science and just fooling around [ref Woodworth, 2004]". Don developed an interest in chemistry at school by "reading a book" - a recurring theme in his story. He was awarded a Westinghouse Science scholarship and attended the Carnegie Institute of Technology (later Carnegie Mellon University) where his interest turned to physics and led to a BS in Physics after transfer to Northwestern University...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040746/sixty-five-years-of-the-long-march-in-protein-secondary-structure-prediction-the-final-stretch
#17
Yuedong Yang, Jianzhao Gao, Jihua Wang, Rhys Heffernan, Jack Hanson, Kuldip Paliwal, Yaoqi Zhou
Protein secondary structure prediction began in 1951 when Pauling and Corey predicted helical and sheet conformations for protein polypeptide backbone even before the first protein structure was determined. Sixty-five years later, powerful new methods breathe new life into this field. The highest three-state accuracy without relying on structure templates is now at 82-84%, a number unthinkable just a few years ago. These improvements came from increasingly larger databases of protein sequences and structures for training, the use of template secondary structure information and more powerful deep learning techniques...
December 31, 2016: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028217/relationship-between-local-structure-and-relaxation-in-out-of-equilibrium-glassy-systems
#18
Samuel S Schoenholz, Ekin D Cubuk, Efthimios Kaxiras, Andrea J Liu
The dynamical glass transition is typically taken to be the temperature at which a glassy liquid is no longer able to equilibrate on experimental timescales. Consequently, the physical properties of these systems just above or below the dynamical glass transition, such as viscosity, can change by many orders of magnitude over long periods of time following external perturbation. During this progress toward equilibrium, glassy systems exhibit a history dependence that has complicated their study. In previous work, we bridged the gap between structure and dynamics in glassy liquids above their dynamical glass transition temperatures by introducing a scalar field called "softness," a quantity obtained using machine-learning methods...
January 10, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009072/taking-the-brakes-off-the-learning-curve
#19
Freja Gheysen, Gabriel Lasne, Mélanie Pélégrini-Issac, Genevieve Albouy, Sabine Meunier, Habib Benali, Julien Doyon, Traian Popa
Motor learning is characterized by patterns of cerebello-striato-cortical activations shifting in time, yet the early dynamic and function of these activations remains unclear. Five groups of subjects underwent either continuous or intermittent theta-burst stimulation of one cerebellar hemisphere, or no stimulation just before learning a new motor sequence during fMRI scanning. We identified three phases during initial learning: one rapid, one slow, and one quasi-asymptotic performance phase. These phases were not changed by left cerebellar stimulation...
December 23, 2016: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007070/the-american-board-of-thoracic-surgery-congenital-fellowship-have-we-lost-our-international-heritage
#20
REVIEW
Vaughn A Starnes, Maura E Sullivan
Since 2005 there have been very few (if any) individuals trained outside of the United States in congenital surgery. Confining congenital training to only programs in the US has with it some unintended consequences. First, we need to recognize that progress is made around the world and not only in the US. Second, we decrease our opportunity to establish international peers, which leads to less opportunity for multi-institutional and multi-national studies and intellectual isolation. Third, we are in a new age of globalization...
January 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual
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