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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108911/traditional-chinese-medicine-for-modern-treatment-of-parkinson-s-disease
#1
REVIEW
Lu Han, Yuan-Hong Xie, Rong Wu, Chen Chen, Yan Zhang, Xiao-Ping Wang
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic and progressive degenerative disorder of brain commonly seen among the elderly. As conventionally medical therapy is of limited relief and potential side effects, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has attracted growing public and professional attention. Therapies such as acupuncture, musical/rhythmic therapy and deep brain stimulation have been gradually proved positively in clinic. In this review, we retrospected the scientific or evidence-based-medicine advances of application and research for modern treatment of PD by CAM, especially traditional Chinese medicine in categories...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107845/usage-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-a-survey-among-indian-dental-professionals
#2
M Suganya, M Vikneshan, U Swathy
OBJECTIVE: CAM therapies are used along with standard medical care. Though there are various medical evidences to prove the effectiveness of CAM therapies in managing medical problems, the evidence for the dental application are still lacking in India. This could be attributed to the non-availability or the insufficient knowledge regarding the use of CAM in dentistry. Hence it is necessary to obtain the baseline knowledge regarding the use of CAM therapies among dentists. METHOD: Cross sectional questionnaire based survey...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107625/gold-nanoshell-mediated-remote-myotube-activation
#3
Attilio Marino, Satoshi Arai, Yanyan Hou, Andrea Degl'Innocenti, Valentina Cappello, Barbara Mazzolai, Young-Tae Chang, Virgilio Mattoli, Madoka Suzuki, Gianni Ciofani
Mild heat stimulation of muscle cells within the physiological range represents an intriguing approach for the modulation of their functions. In this work, photothermal conversion was exploited to remotely stimulate striated muscle cells by using gold nanoshells (NS) in combination with near-infrared (NIR) radiation. Temperature increments of approximately 5°C were recorded by using an intracellular fluorescent molecular thermometer and were demonstrated to efficiently induce myotube contraction. The mechanism at the base of this phenomenon was thoroughly investigated and was observed to be a Ca2+-independent event directly involving actin-myosin interactions...
January 20, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106358/national-vaccine-injury-compensation-program-revisions-to-the-vaccine-injury-table-final-rule
#4
(no author information available yet)
On July 29, 2015, the Secretary of Health and Human Services (the Secretary) published in the Federal Register a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) to amend the regulations governing the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP or program) by proposing revisions to the Vaccine Injury Table (Table). The Secretary based the Table revisions primarily on the 2012 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, "Adverse Effects of Vaccines: Evidence and Causality," the work of nine HHS workgroups who reviewed the IOM findings, and consideration of the Advisory Commission on Childhood Vaccines' (ACCV) recommendations...
19, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105795/the-missing-omes-proposing-social-and-environmental-nomenclature-in-precision-medicine
#5
Matthew M Davis, Thomas P Shanley
In principle, precision medicine incorporates disease prevention and treatment that takes into account individual differences in people's genes, environments, and lifestyles. In practice, research regarding genes attracts more attention and resources than research focused on environments and lifestyles. Such progress-hindering asymmetry may be related to dissimilar naming conventions across scientific domains. We propose a novel "-ome"-based nomenclature that incorporates known social and environmental determinants of human health, and thereby reflects evidence across the full spectrum of scientific endeavors in precision medicine...
January 19, 2017: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105615/-improvement-of-prognostic-and-predictive-network-of-colorectal-cancer-based-upon-the-8th-edition-of-ajcc-colorectal-cancer-staging-system
#6
Hongwei Yao, Hongwei Wu, Yinhua Liu
The 8th edition of AJCC cancer staging system will be launched all over the world in January 1, 2018. The major advances in the 8th edition are the introduction of non-anatomic prognostic and predictive factors supported by I(-II( grade evidence based on histopathology and molecular biology, and the improvement of prognostic assessment system based on these factors, including CEA level, cancer retraction score, circumference margin, lymphatic invasion, peripheral nerve invasion, microsatellite instability, KRAS/NRAS gene mutation and BRAF gene mutation...
January 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105613/-multidisciplinary-team-improves-the-comprehensive-quality-of-colorectal-surgeons
#7
Xinyu Qin, Jianmin Xu, Qingyang Feng
Colorectal cancer is a systemic disease that requires multidisciplinary treatment. The comprehensive quality of colorectal surgeon directly impacts on the efficacy of diagnosis and treatment of colorectal cancer. Multidisciplinary teams help surgeons enhance their ability of evidence-based medicine, improve the quality of main specialty, expand the knowledge of other specialty, enhance the doctor-patient communication, and increase the research level. Thus, multidisciplinary teams can improve the comprehensive quality of colorectal surgeons...
January 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105067/current-state-and-future-prospects-for-psychosomatic-medicine-in-japan
#8
REVIEW
Masato Murakami, Yoshihide Nakai
In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71.6% of medical doctors including psychosomatic internal medicine (PIM) specialists, general internists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, obstetricians and gynecologists, dentists, dermatologists, and others...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104970/geriatric-prescription-in-a-nigerian-tertiary-hospital
#9
Nwani Paul Osemeke, Onwukwe Chikezie Hart, Nwosu Maduaburochukwu Cosmas, Isah Ambrose Ohumagho
OBJECTIVES: To assess the medications prescribed for elderly inpatients on specific days during hospital admission with a view to detecting areas of irrational prescription. METHODS: It was a prospective study of all patients aged 65 years and above admitted to the medical wards of a Nigerian tertiary hospital over a 12-month period. The World Health Organization/International Network of Rational Use of Drugs (WHO/INRUD) drug use indicators were used to assess drug prescriptions on various days of admission...
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103986/-holistic-integrative-medicine-the-road-to-the-future-of-the-development-of-burn-medicine
#10
D M Fan
Holistic integrative medicine is the road to the future of the development of burn medicine. Not only burn medicine, but also human medicine gradually enters the era of holistic integrative medicine. Holistic integrative medicine is different from translational medicine, evidence-based medicine or precision medicine, which integrates the most advanced knowledge and theories in medicine fields with the most effective practices and experiences in clinical specialties to form a new medical system.
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103931/developing-a-framework-to-guide-the-de-adoption-of-low-value-clinical-practices-in-acute-care-medicine-a-study-protocol
#11
Jeanna Parsons Leigh, Daniel J Niven, Jamie M Boyd, Henry T Stelfox
BACKGROUND: Healthcare systems have difficulty incorporating scientific evidence into clinical practice, especially when science suggests that existing clinical practices are of low-value (e.g. ineffective or harmful to patients). While a number of lists outlining low-value practices in acute care medicine currently exist, less is known about how best to initiate and sustain the removal of low-value clinical practices (i.e. de-adoption). This study will develop a comprehensive list of barriers and facilitators to the de-adoption of low-value clinical practices in acute care facilities to inform the development of a framework to guide the de-adoption process...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103721/evidence-based-medicine-ebm-for-undergraduate-medical-students-a-six-step-integrative-approach
#12
Hani Atwa, Adel Abdelaziz
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, there is an increasing interest in practicing evidence-based medicine (EBM) to provide valid and up-to-date information about health problems and procedures for solving these problems. However, studying EBM among other medical education disciplines remains unsatisfactory. AIM: To design and pilot a basic course on EBM for undergraduate medical students in order to raise the awareness of the Saudi medical education community about this discipline...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103632/global-health-and-emergency-care-defining-clinical-research-priorities
#13
Bhakti Hansoti, Adam R Aluisio, Meagan A Barry, Kevin Davey, Brian A Lentz, Payal Modi, Jennifer A Newberry, Melissa H Patel, Tricia A Smith, Alexandra M Vinograd, Adam C Levine
OBJECTIVES: Despite recent strides in the development of Global Emergency Medicine (EM), the field continues to lag in applying a scientific approach to identifying critical knowledge gaps and advancing evidence-based solutions to clinical and public health problems seen in emergency departments worldwide. Here, progress on the Global EM research agenda created at the 2013 Academic Emergency Medicine Global Health and Emergency Care Consensus Conference is evaluated and critical areas for future development in emergency care research internationally are identified...
January 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103536/evidence-based-guidelines-for-the-use-of-tracheostomy-in-critically-ill-patients
#14
Néstor Raimondi, Macarena R Vial, José Calleja, Agamenón Quintero, Albán Cortés, Edgar Celis, Clara Pacheco, Sebastián Ugarte, José M Añón, Gonzalo Hernández, Erick Vidal, Guillermo Chiappero, Fernando Ríos, Fernando Castilleja, Alfredo Matos, Enith Rodriguez, Paulo Antoniazzi, José Mario Teles, Carmelo Dueñas, Jorge Sinclair, Lorenzo Martínez, Ingrid von der Osten, José Vergara, Edgar Jiménez, Max Arroyo, Camilo Rodríguez, Javier Torres, Sebastián Fernandez-Bussy, Joseph L Nates
OBJECTIVES: To provide evidence-based guidelines for tracheostomy in critically ill adult patients and identify areas needing further research. METHODS: A taskforce composed of representatives of 10 member countries of the Pan-American and Iberic Federation of Societies of Critical and Intensive Therapy Medicine and of the Latin American Critical Care Trial Investigators Network developed recommendations based on the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101728/implementation-of-an-evidence-based-biobehavioral-treatment-for-cancer-patients
#15
Marlena M Ryba, Brittany M Brothers, Barbara L Andersen
One aim of dissemination and implementation (DI) research is to study the translation of evidence-based treatments (EBTs) from the research environments of their development and testing to broader communities where they are needed. There are few behavioral medicine DI studies and none in cancer survivorship. A determinant model (Setting, Therapist, Education, imPlementation, and Sustainability (STEPS)) was used to conceptualize DI of mental health treatment and frame a longitudinal study of implementation of a behavioral medicine EBT-a biobehavioral intervention (BBI) for cancer patients...
January 18, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099330/clarifying-the-debate-on-population-based-screening-for-breast-cancer-with-mammography-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-on-mammography-with-bayesian-meta-analysis-and-causal-model
#16
Tony Hsiu-Hsi Chen, Amy Ming-Fang Yen, Jean Ching-Yuan Fann, Paula Gordon, Sam Li-Sheng Chen, Sherry Yueh-Hsia Chiu, Chen-Yang Hsu, King-Jen Chang, Won-Chul Lee, Khay Guan Yeoh, Hiroshi Saito, Supannee Promthet, Chisato Hamashima, Alimin Maidin, Fredie Robinson, Li-Zhong Zhao
BACKGROUND: The recent controversy about using mammography to screen for breast cancer based on randomized controlled trials over 3 decades in Western countries has not only eclipsed the paradigm of evidence-based medicine, but also puts health decision-makers in countries where breast cancer screening is still being considered in a dilemma to adopt or abandon such a well-established screening modality. METHODS: We reanalyzed the empirical data from the Health Insurance Plan trial in 1963 to the UK age trial in 1991 and their follow-up data published until 2015...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099046/death-notification-someone-needs-to-call-the-family
#17
Rachel Ombres, Lauren Montemorano, Daniel Becker
BACKGROUND: The death notification process can affect family grief and bereavement. It can also affect the well-being of involved physicians. There is no standardized process for making death notification phone calls. We assumed that residents are likely to be unprepared before and troubled after. OBJECTIVE: We investigated current death notification practices to develop an evidence-based template for standardizing this process. DESIGN: We used results of a literature review and open-ended interviews with faculty, residents, and widows to develop a survey regarding resident training and experience in death notification by phone...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098628/the-abcdef-bundle-science-and-philosophy-of-how-icu-liberation-serves-patients-and-families
#18
E Wesley Ely
Over the past 20 years, critical care has matured in a myriad of ways resulting in dramatically higher survival rates for our sickest patients. For millions of new survivors comes de novo suffering and disability called "the postintensive care syndrome." Patients with postintensive care syndrome are robbed of their normal cognitive, emotional, and physical capacity and cannot resume their previous life. The ICU Liberation Collaborative is a real-world quality improvement initiative being implemented across 76 ICUs designed to engage strategically the ABCDEF bundle through team- and evidence-based care...
February 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098436/bringing-3d-tumor-models-to-the-clinic-predictive-value-for-personalized-medicine
#19
REVIEW
Kathrin Halfter, Barbara Mayer
Current decision-guiding algorithms in cancer drug treatment are based on decades of research and numerous clinical trials. For the majority of patients, this data is successfully applied for a systemic disease management. For a number of patients however, treatment stratification according to clinically based risk criteria will not be sufficient. The most effective treatment options are ideally identified prior to the start of clinical drug therapy. This review will discuss the implementation of three-dimensional (3D) cell culture models as a preclinical testing paradigm for the efficacy of clinical cancer treatment...
January 18, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097829/barriers-to-conducting-research-a-survey-of-trainees-in-emergency-medicine
#20
Alexander Olaussen, Paul A Jennings, Gerard O'Reilly, Biswadev Mitra, Peter A Cameron
OBJECTIVE: Research underpins evidence-based practice, but there are significant barriers to conducting research relevant to each clinical discipline. Understanding these barriers could allow strategies to reduce their impact. The present study was undertaken to understand specific barriers to research for emergency medicine (EM) trainees. METHODS: EM trainees attending research short courses were surveyed. Free-text responses were classified into themes and a list of pre-specified potential barriers was used for ranking purposes...
January 17, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
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