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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679932/tcnq-molecular-semiconductor-of-the-cu-ii-taab-macrocycle-optical-and-electrical-properties
#1
M E Sánchez Vergara, R Salcedo, Bertha Molina, R Carrera-Téllez, J R Álvarez-Bada, A Hernández-García, V Gómez-Vidales
The present study reports the doping of a semiconducting molecular material through the formation of hydrogen bonds between the macrocycle Cu(II)(TAAB) and the electronic acceptor TCNQ. According to density functional theory (DFT) calculations and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) analysis, the doped compound has the shape of a distorted square pyramid, with four nitrogen atoms in the equatorial position and the apical oxygen atom from the water ligands. These water molecules can generate strong hydrogen bonds with TCNQ and the TAAB metallic complex...
April 11, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679544/1-f-neural-noise-and-electrophysiological-indices-of-contextual-prediction-in-aging
#2
S Dave, T A Brothers, T Y Swaab
Prediction of upcoming words during reading has been suggested to enhance the efficiency of discourse processing. Emerging models have postulated that predictive mechanisms require synchronous firing of neural networks, but to date, this relationship has been investigated primarily through oscillatory activity in narrow frequency bands. A recently-developed measure proposed to reflect broadband neural activity - and thereby synchronous neuronal firing - is 1/f neural noise extracted from EEG spectral power...
April 18, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679018/theory-of-current-driven-skyrmions-in-disordered-magnets
#3
Wataru Koshibae, Naoto Nagaosa
An emergent topological particle in magnets, skyrmion, has several unique features distinct from the other magnetic textures such as domain wall, helical structure, and vortex. It is characterized by a topological integer called skyrmion number N sk , which counts how many times the directions of the magnetic moments wrap the unit sphere. This N sk gives the chiral nature of the skyrmion dynamics, and leads to the extremely small critical current density j c for the current-driven motion in terms of spin transfer torque effect...
April 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678123/binge-drinking-among-young-adults-in-israel-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#4
Maayan Lawental, Anna Kipnis, Khary Rigg
Binge drinking is common among young people, and is an area of concern in many countries worldwide. Israel has seen a steady increase in binge drinking behaviors in recent years among youth and young adults. Using the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as a guiding theoretical framework, this study examines whether attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and intention to engage in binge drinking are correlated with individual participation in binge drinking among young adults aged 18-35 in Israel...
April 20, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678096/developing-an-ehealth-tool-to-support-patient-empowerment-at-home
#5
Kristina Schildmeijer, Carolina Wannheden, Lina Nilsson, Oscar Frykholm, Amanda Hellström, Maria Flink, Mirjam Ekstedt
In previous research we have learned that patients with chronic or complex diseases often experience difficulties when transitioning from hospital care to self-care in their home. We address these difficulties by developing an eHealth tool for patients - ePATH (electronic Patient Activation in Treatment at Home) - intended to empower each patient to manage their individual situation. We have employed a user-centered design process involving both patients and healthcare personnel to specify the content and functionality of ePATH...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676676/abusive-supervision-leader-member-exchange-and-moral-disengagement-a-moderated-mediation-model-of-organizational-deviance
#6
Matthew Valle, K Michele Kacmar, Suzanne Zivnuska, Troy Harting
This paper draws from social exchange theory and social cognitive theory to explore moral disengagement as a potential mediator of the relationship between abusive supervision and organizational deviance. We also explore the moderating effect of leader-member exchange (LMX) on this mediated relationship. Results indicate that employees with abusive supervisors engaged in moral disengagement strategies and subsequently in organizational deviance behaviors. Additionally, this relationship was stronger for those higher in LMX...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676164/the-intimate-partner-flooding-scale
#7
Heather M Foran, Michael Lorber, Jill Malik, Richard E Heyman, Amy M Smith Slep
Dysfunctional conflict resolution behaviors in couples have been long recognized as markers of relationship maladjustment and are, consequently, frequent targets of couple therapy. The process of flooding may play a role. Flooding is the subjective sense of being overwhelmed by the partner's negative affect, which is perceived as unexpected and intense, and feeling as though one's information processing is impaired. It has been theorized that flooding is so aversive as to lead to maladaptive conflict behaviors (e...
April 1, 2018: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676107/-expert-consensus-on-prescription-comment-of-chinese-traditional-patent-medicine-for-promoting-the-rational-use-of-drugs-in-beijing
#8
Rui Jin, Kui-Jun Zhao, Gui-Ming Guo, Bing Zhang, Yu-Guang Wang, Chun-Miao Xue, Yi-Heng Yang, Li-Xia Wang, Guo-Hui Li, Jin-Fa Tang, Li-Xing Nie, Xiang-Lin Zhang, Ting-Ting Zhao, Yi Zhang, Can Yan, Suo-Zhong Yuan, Lu-Lu Sun, Xing-Zhong Feng, Dan Yan
With the growth of number of Chinese patent medicines and clinical use, the rational use of Chinese medicine is becoming more and more serious. Due to the complexity of Chinese medicine theory and the uncertainty of clinical application, the prescription review of Chinese patent medicine always relied on experience in their respective, leading to the uncontrolled of clinical rational use. According to the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) theory and characteristics of the unique clinical therapeutics, based on the practice experience and expertise comments, our paper formed the expert consensus on the prescription review of Chinese traditional patent medicine for promoting the rational use of drugs in Beijing...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675633/vapor-nucleation-paths-in-lyophobic-nanopores
#9
Antonio Tinti, Alberto Giacomello, Carlo Massimo Casciola
In recent years, technologies revolving around the use of lyophobic nanopores gained considerable attention in both fundamental and applied research. Owing to the enormous internal surface area, heterogeneous lyophobic systems (HLS), constituted by a nanoporous lyophobic material and a non-wetting liquid, are promising candidates for the efficient storage or dissipation of mechanical energy. These diverse applications both rely on the forced intrusion and extrusion of the non-wetting liquid inside the pores; the behavior of HLS for storage or dissipation depends on the hysteresis between these two processes, which, in turn, are determined by the microscopic details of the system...
April 19, 2018: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674983/is-there-a-conjunction-fallacy-in-legal-probabilistic-decision-making
#10
Bartosz W Wojciechowski, Emmanuel M Pothos
Classical probability theory (CPT) has represented the rational standard for decision making in human cognition. Even though CPT has provided many descriptively excellent decision models, there have also been some empirical results persistently problematic for CPT accounts. The tension between the normative prescription of CPT and human behavior is particularly acute in cases where we have higher expectations for rational decisions. One such case concerns legal decision making from legal experts, such as attorneys and prosecutors and, more so, judges...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674206/using-extended-theory-of-planned-behavior-to-understand-aspirin-adherence-in-pregnant-women
#11
Chung-Ying Lin, Anders Broström, Per Nilsen, Amir H Pakpour
OBJECTIVE: To use the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) combined with action and coping planning plus global relationship with husband to explain the aspirin adherence in a sample of women with high-risk pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 535 Iranian women (mean age = 32.29 ± 4.98; year of marriage = 6.89 ± 3.61) completed the study. Each participant filled out several questionnaires on TPB (i.e., a widely applied theory describing how behaviors are influenced by beliefs, attitudes, perceived behavioral control and behavioral intentions), action planning, coping planning and relationship with husband at baseline...
April 6, 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674170/theory-of-mind-as-a-link-between-oxytocin-and-maternal-behavior
#12
Anna L MacKinnon, C Sue Carter, Nancy Feeley, Ian Gold, Barbara Hayton, Sangeetha Santhakumaran, Phyllis Zelkowitz
BACKGROUND: Oxytocin is a neuropeptide associated with maternal behavior. However the mechanisms underlying this link remain unclear. In a previous study we observed an indirect effect of increased plasma oxytocin during late pregnancy on early postpartum maternal interactive behavior via theory of mind, as assessed by the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET). The current study aimed to extend these findings by testing whether this indirect effect would hold longitudinally for maternal behavior at 2-3 years postpartum, as well as for an additional observational measure of maternal mind-mindedness...
March 27, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674144/aggregation-and-transport-of-rutile-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-with-montmorillonite-and-diatomite-in-the-presence-of-phosphate-in-porous-sand
#13
Peng Guo, Nan Xu, Duo Li, Xinxing Huangfu, Zuling Li
Crop soil is inevitably contaminated by the excess of phosphate (P) fertilizers. A large amount of nanoparticle titanium dioxide (nTiO2 ) entered soils as well due to the wide use of engineered nanomaterials. It is of great urgency and a high priority to investigate the mechanisms of nTiO2 deposition with the presence of P in crop soils. This study investigated the transport behavior of (1.0 g L-1 ) rutile nTiO2 with two representative clay particles (montmorillonite or diatomite) in the presence of P through the saturated quartz sand...
April 10, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673709/evaluation-of-the-filler-packing-structures-in-dental-resin-composites-from-theory-to-practice
#14
Ruili Wang, Eric Habib, X X Zhu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the packing properties of uniform silica particles and their mixture with secondary particles yielding maximally loaded dental composites. We intend to verify the difference between the idealized models (the close-packed structures and the random-packed structures) and the actual experimental results, in order to provide guidance for the preparation of dental composites. The influence of secondary particle size and the resin composition on the physical-mechanical properties and the rheological properties of the experimental dental composites was also investigated...
April 16, 2018: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673381/mobile-link-a-theory-based-messaging-intervention-for-improving-sexual-and-reproductive-health-of-female-entertainment-workers-in-cambodia-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Carinne Brody, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Dallas Swendenman, Kathryn C Kaplan, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: In Cambodia, HIV prevalence is concentrated in key populations including among female entertainment workers (FEWs) who may engage in direct or indirect sex work. Reaching FEWs with sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services has been difficult because of their hidden and stigmatized nature. Mobile-phone-based interventions may be an effective way to reach this population and connect them with the existing services. This article describes study design and implementation of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a mobile health intervention (the Mobile Link) aiming to improve SRH and related outcomes among FEWs in Cambodia...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673374/why-is-announcement-training-more-effective-than-conversation-training-for-introducing-hpv-vaccination-a-theory-based-investigation
#16
Teri L Malo, Megan E Hall, Noel T Brewer, Christine R Lathren, Melissa B Gilkey
BACKGROUND: Improving healthcare providers' communication about HPV vaccination is critical to increasing uptake. We previously demonstrated that training providers to use presumptive announcements to introduce HPV vaccination improved uptake, whereas training them to use participatory conversations had no effect. To understand how communication training changed provider perceptions and communication practices, we evaluated intermediate outcomes and process measures from our randomized clinical trial, with a particular focus on identifying mechanisms that might explain the announcement training's impact...
April 19, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672666/mediators-of-behavior-change-maintenance-in-physical-activity-interventions-for-young-and-middle-aged-adults-a-systematic-review
#17
Jennifer M Murray, Sarah F Brennan, David P French, Christopher C Patterson, Frank Kee, Ruth F Hunter
Background: Regular physical activity is important for maintaining physical and mental health. Benefits are optimized when physical activity is maintained. Understanding causal mechanisms is important to inform future interventions. Purpose: To investigate mediators of physical activity maintenance. Methods: Six databases were searched (Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Web of Science). Eligibility criteria included adult nonclinical populations, validated measure of physical activity behavior at baseline and at least 6 months postbaseline, control/comparison group(s), and reported mediators of physical activity behavior change...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672098/four-avenues-of-normative-influence-a-research-agenda-for-health-promotion-in-low-and-mid-income-countries
#18
Beniamino Cislaghi, Lori Heise
Health promotion interventions in low and midincome countries (LMIC) are increasingly integrating strategies to change local social norms that sustain harmful practices. However, the literature on social norms and health in LMIC is still scarce. A well-known application of social norm theory in LMIC involves abandonment of female genital cutting (FGC) in West Africa. We argue that FGC is a special case because of its unique relationship between the norm and the practice; health promotion interventions would benefit from a wider understanding of how social norms can influence different types of health-related behaviors...
April 19, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672075/the-telephone-effect-overcoming-initiation-deficits-in-two-settings
#19
Kayci L Vickers, Michael E Keesler, Kelli S Williams, Jeremy Y Charles, Roy H Hamilton
PURPOSE: Disorders of motivation substantially impair an individual's ability to communicate with their families, therapists, and doctors. One method of overcoming initiation deficits is by utilizing the telephone effect, which is the ability for individuals with severe motivation deficits to communicate more readily when speaking on a telephone. However, little is available in the extant literature on how this effect works or how best to integrate this into patient care. This article aims to provide the first report of a proposed mechanism underlying the telephone effect and the first published procedures for eliciting this effect...
April 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671879/harnessing-mhealth-technologies-to-increase-physical-activity-and-prevent-cardiovascular-disease
#20
REVIEW
David I Feldman, W Theodore Robison, Justin M Pacor, Luke C Caddell, Erica B Feldman, Rachel L Deitz, Theodore Feldman, Seth S Martin, Khurram Nasir, Michael J Blaha
Cardiovascular prevention research has increasingly focused on mobile health (mHealth) technologies and their efficacy in helping individuals adhere to heart-healthy recommendations, including daily physical activity levels. By including the use of mHealth technologies in the discussion of physical activity recommendations, clinicians empower patients to play an active daily role in modifying their cardiovascular risk factor profile. In this review, we critically evaluate the mHealth and physical activity literature to determine how these tools may lower cardiovascular risk while providing real-time tracking, feedback and motivation on physical activity levels...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
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