Read by QxMD icon Read

liver lncRNA

Gang Chen, Dongsheng Yu, Xue Nian, Junyi Liu, Ronald J Koenig, Bin Xu, Liang Sheng
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most common form of chronic liver disease, manifests as an over-accumulation of hepatic fat. We have recently shown that mice with genetic knockout of a long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) steroid receptor RNA activator (SRA) (SRAKO) are resistant to high fat diet-induced obesity with a phenotype that includes improved glucose tolerance and attenuated hepatic steatosis. The underlying mechanism was investigated in the present study. We found that hepatic levels of SRA and adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL), a major hepatic triacylglycerol (TAG) hydrolase, were inversely regulated by fasting in mice, and the expression of liver ATGL was induced by SRAKO under normal and high fat diet (HFD) feeding...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
Li-Juan Ding, Yan Li, Shu-Dong Wang, Xin-Sen Wang, Fang Fang, Wei-Yao Wang, Peng Lv, Dong-Hai Zhao, Feng Wei, Ling Qi
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common subtype of liver malignancy, and it is characterized by poor prognosis because of cancer stem cell (CSC)-mediated high postsurgical recurrence rates. Thus, targeting CSCs, or HCC cells with CSC-like properties, is an effective strategy for HCC therapy. Here, using long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) microarray analysis, we identified a novel lncRNA termed lncCAMTA1 that is increased in both liver CSCs and HCC. High lncCAMTA1 expression in HCC indicates poor clinical outcome...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ling Yang, Ping Li, Wenjing Yang, Xiangbo Ruan, Kurtis Kiesewetter, Jun Zhu, Haiming Cao
To systemically identify long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) regulating energy metabolism, we performed transcriptome analyses to simultaneously profile mRNAs and lncRNAs in key metabolic organs in mice under pathophysiologically representative metabolic conditions. Of 4,759 regulated lncRNAs, function-oriented filters yield 359 tissue-specifically regulated and metabolically sensitive lncRNAs that are predicted by lncRNA-mRNA correlation analyses to function in diverse aspects of energy metabolism. Specific regulations of liver metabolically sensitive lncRNAs (lncLMS) by nutrients, metabolic hormones, and key transcription factors were further defined in primary hepatocytes...
October 11, 2016: Cell Metabolism
Ziyang Li, Chaoliang Xiong, Suo Mo, Haiying Tian, Mengqian Yu, Tingting Mao, Qian Chen, Haitao Luo, Quanzhen Li, Jianxin Lu, Yi Zhao, Wei Li
Dyslipidemia has been widely proven to contribute to cardiovascular diseases and other metabolic disorders, especially in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. The overproduction of VLDL is a significant characteristic of dyslipidemia, indicating the dysfunction of hepatic lipid metabolism, from triglyceride synthesis to transport. The fructose-fed Syrian golden hamster is an established animal model for the study of VLDL assembly with insulin resistance, however, it remains unknown how VLDL production is regulated at the transcriptional level due to the absence of a complete hamster genome...
2016: PloS One
Jianjian Zheng, Fujun Yu, Peihong Dong, Limei Wu, Yuan Zhang, Yanwei Hu, Lei Zheng
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process is considered as a key event in the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Hedgehog (Hh) pathway is known to be required for EMT process. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to be involved in a wide range of biological processes. Plasmacytoma variant translocation 1 (PVT1), a novel lncRNA, is often up-regulated in various human cancers. However, the role of PVT1 in liver fibrosis remains undefined. In this study, PVT1 was increased in fibrotic liver tissues and activated HSCs...
August 30, 2016: Oncotarget
Na Fu, Xuemin Niu, Yang Wang, Huijuan Du, Baoyu Wang, Jinghua Du, Ya Li, Rongqi Wang, Yuguo Zhang, Suxian Zhao, Dianxing Sun, Liang Qiao, Yuemin Nan
Long non-coding RNA (LncRNA)-activated by transforming growth factor-beta (LncRNA-ATB) is a key regulator of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) signaling pathway, and is positively correlated with the development of liver cirrhosis and vascular invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the role of LncRNA-ATB in hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver fibrosis remains largely unknown. In the present study, we confirmed a high expression level of LncRNA-ATB in the liver tissues and plasma samples of patients with HCV-related hepatic fibrosis, and the plasma level of LncRNA-ATB was significantly correlated with liver fibrosis stages...
August 2016: Discovery Medicine
Zhen-Zhen Chen, Lan Huang, Ya-Hong Wu, Wen-Jie Zhai, Ping-Ping Zhu, Yan-Feng Gao
Liver cancer has a tendency to develop asymptomatically in patients, so most patients are diagnosed at a later stage. Accumulating evidence implicates that liver tumour-initiating cells (TICs) as being responsible for liver cancer initiation and recurrence. However, the molecular mechanism of liver TIC self-renewal is poorly understood. Here we discover that a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) termed LncSox4 is highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues and in liver TICs. We find that LncSox4 is required for liver TIC self-renewal and tumour initiation...
2016: Nature Communications
Jiejun Shi, Jiangtu He, Jing Lin, Xin Sun, Fenyong Sun, Chao Ou, Cizhong Jiang
Aflatoxin is a natural potent carcinogen and a major cause of liver cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms of hepatocellular carcinogenesis remain largely unexplored. In this study, we profiled global gene expression in liver tissues of rats that developed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) from aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) administration and those that were AFB1-resistant, as well as rats without AFB1 exposure as a control. AFB1 exposure resulted in extensive perturbation in gene expression with different functions in HCC and AFB1 resistance (AR) samples...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jinyu Yu, Junqing Han, Jian Zhang, Guanzhen Li, Hui Liu, Xianping Cui, Yantian Xu, Tao Li, Juan Liu, Chuanxi Wang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignancy of the liver in adults worldwide. Several studies have demonstrated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the development of various types of cancer, including HCC. These findings prompted us to examine the detectability of lncRNAs in blood samples from patients with HCC. In this study, we explored the expression levels of 31 cancer-related lncRNAs in sera from 71 HCC patients and 64 healthy individuals by reverse transcription and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR)...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
X Y Kuang, N Li, Y M Fu, J Li, X G Fan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differential expression profiles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in human liver cell line LO2 with stable expression of hepatitis B x (HBx) gene, and to screen out the lncRNAs which play an important role in HBV-related liver cancer. METHODS: The lncRNA microarray was used to establish the differential expression profiles of lncRNAs, and the methods such as scatter plots and cluster analysis were used to obtain the HBx-related lncRNAs with differential expression...
June 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Le-Chi Ye, Tao Chen, De-Xiang Zhu, Shi-Xu Lv, Jun-Jun Qiu, Jianmin Xu, Feng-Lai Yuan, Ye Wei
Over-expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA)-CLMAT3 is significantly associated with colorectal liver metastasis and is an independent predictor of poor survival for colorectal cancer patients. However, as little is known regarding the role of this gene in the proliferation of colorectal cancer in vitro, we investigated the involvement of lncRNA-CLMAT3 in colorectal cancer cell proliferation. In this study, we demonstrate that lncRNA-CLMAT3 expression was significantly increased in colorectal cancer cells compared with a normal intestinal mucous cell line and that inhibition of lncRNA-CLMAT3 suppressed colorectal cancer cell proliferation in vitro...
July 6, 2016: Oncotarget
R Dong, G-B Liu, B-H Liu, G Chen, K Li, S Zheng, K-R Dong
Hepatoblastoma is the most common liver tumor of early childhood, which is usually characterized by unusual hypervascularity. Recently, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) have emerged as gene regulators and prognostic markers in several cancers, including hepatoblastoma. We previously reveal that lnRNA-TUG1 is upregulated in hepatoblastoma specimens by microarray analysis. In this study, we aim to elucidate the biological and clinical significance of TUG1 upregulation in hepatoblastoma. We show that TUG1 is significantly upregulated in human hepatoblastoma specimens and metastatic hepatoblastoma cell lines...
2016: Cell Death & Disease
Mansi A Parasramka, Tushar Patel
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) are critical regulators of gene expression, and can reprogram the transcriptome to modulate cellular processes involved in cellular growth and differentiation, and thereby contribute to tumorigenesis. In addition to effects on tumor cell growth, survival and cell signaling, lncRNA can modulate cancer stem cell (CSC) behavior, including the expression of pluripotency factors. The identification of lncRNA that are mechanistically linked to cancer stem cell self-renewal and differentiation, or aberrant signaling pathways associated with tumor growth or progression, offer new opportunities for therapeutic intervention...
2016: Stem Cell Investigation
Jing-Jing Yang, Li-Ping Liu, Hui Tao, Wei Hu, Peng Shi, Zi-Yu Deng, Jun Li
Methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2) plays a key role in liver fibrosis. However, the potential mechanism of MeCP2 in liver fibrosis remains unclear. Early reports suggest that LncRNA H19 is important epigenetic regulator with critical roles in cell proliferation, but its role in hepatic fibrosis remains elusive. Sprague-Dawley rats liver fibrosis was generated by 12-weeks treatment with CCl4 intraperitoneal injection. HSC-T6 cells were used in vitro study. The expression levels of MeCP2, H19, IGF1R, α-SMA, and Col1A1 were estimated by Western blotting, qRT-PCR and Immunohistochemistry...
June 1, 2016: Toxicology
Chunjing Jin, Wei Shi, Feng Wang, Xianjuan Shen, Jing Qi, Hui Cong, Jie Yuan, Linying Shi, Bingying Zhu, Xi Luo, Yan Zhang, Shaoqing Ju
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have recently emerged as vital players in tumor biology with potential value in cancer diagnosis, prognosis, and therapeutics. The lncRNA HULC (highly up-regulated in liver cancer) is increased in many malignancies, yet its serum expression profile and clinical value in gastric cancer (GC) patients remain unclear. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) for large-scale analysis of the serum expression of HULC in GC patients reliably detected circulating HULC and revealed that it is upregulated in GC patients...
June 16, 2016: Oncotarget
Elena M Smekalova, Yuri V Kotelevtsev, Dominique Leboeuf, Evgeniya Y Shcherbinina, Anna S Fefilova, Timofei S Zatsepin, Victor Koteliansky
Long non-coding RNAs constitute the most abundant part of the transcribed mammalian genome. lncRNAs affect all essential processes in the living cell including transcription, splicing, translation, replication, shaping of chromatin and post translational modification of proteins. Alterations in lncRNA expression have been linked to a number of diseases; thus, modulation of lncRNA expression holds a huge potential for gene-based therapy. In this review we summarize published data about lncRNAs in the context of hepatic carcinogenesis and liver fibrosis, and the corresponding potential targets for gene therapy...
June 16, 2016: Biochimie
Shi-Peng Li, Hai-Xu Xu, Yao Yu, Jin-Dan He, Zhen Wang, Yan-Jie Xu, Chang-Ying Wang, Hai-Ming Zhang, Rong-Xin Zhang, Jian-Jun Zhang, Zhi Yao, Zhong-Yang Shen
Highly upregulated in liver cancer (HULC), a lncRNA that is considered a key molecule in human liver cancer, has recently been revealed to be involved in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development and progression [1, 2]. It has been reported that HULC can promote tumor invasion and metastasis of HCC, but its function and mechanism of action in HCC have not been elucidated. In this study, we found that HULC was aberrantly up-regulated in HCC tissues and associated with TNM stage, intrahepatic metastases, HCC recurrence, and postoperative survival...
June 7, 2016: Oncotarget
Xianli Gong, Wei Wei, Lan Chen, Zhi Xia, Chengbo Yu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common kinds of malignancies and is closely correlated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Recent evidence has proved that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are implicated in development and progression of cancer. However, the contributions of lncRNAs to HBV-related HCC remain largely unknown. Here, we comprehensively investigated lncRNA expression profiles in HBV-related HCC by annotating and analyzing microarray datasets. By analyzing 42 HCC tissue samples with different etiology (HBV-related, alcohol-related, and primary HCC) and 15 normal liver tissues, we identified 182 lncRNAs that were specifically differentially expressed in HBV-related HCC, namely HBV-related HCC specific lncRNAs(HH-lncRNAs)...
June 7, 2016: Oncotarget
Elena Carnero, Marina Barriocanal, Celia Prior, Juan Pablo Unfried, Victor Segura, Elizabeth Guruceaga, Mónica Enguita, Cristian Smerdou, Pablo Gastaminza, Puri Fortes
The role of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in viral infection is poorly studied. We have identified hepatitis C virus (HCV)-Stimulated lncRNAs (CSRs) by transcriptome analysis. Interestingly, two of these CSRs (PVT1 and UCA1) play relevant roles in tumorigenesis, providing a novel link between HCV infection and development of liver tumors. Expression of some CSRs seems induced directly by HCV, while others are upregulated by the antiviral response against the virus. In fact, activation of pathogen sensors induces the expression of CSR32/EGOT RIG-I and the RNA-activated kinase PKR sense HCV RNA, activate NF-κB and upregulate EGOT EGOT is increased in the liver of patients infected with HCV and after infection with influenza or Semliki Forest virus (SFV)...
July 2016: EMBO Reports
Pingping Zhu, Yanying Wang, Guanling Huang, Buqing Ye, Benyu Liu, Jiayi Wu, Ying Du, Lei He, Zusen Fan
Liver cancer stem cells (CSCs) may contribute to the high rate of recurrence and heterogeneity of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, the molecular mechanisms underlying their self-renewal and differentiation remain largely unknown. Through analysis of transcriptome microarray data, we identified a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) called lnc-β-Catm, which is highly expressed in human HCC tumors and liver CSCs. We found that lnc-β-Catm is required for self-renewal of liver CSCs and tumor propagation in mice...
July 2016: Nature Structural & Molecular Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"