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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751598/complementary-therapies-in-addition-to-medication-for-patients-with-nonchronic-nonradicular-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#1
Samantha Rothberg, Benjamin W Friedman
BACKGROUND: A total of 2.7 million patients present to US emergency departments annually for management of low back pain (LBP). Despite optimal medical therapy, more than 50% remain functionally impaired 3 months later. We performed a systematic review to address the following question: Among patients with nonchronic LBP, does spinal manipulation, massage, exercise, or yoga, when combined with standard medical therapy, improve pain and functional outcomes more than standard medical therapy alone? METHODS: We used published searches to identify relevant studies, supplemented with our own updated search...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619104/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-pain-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-based-mri-based-structural-spine-changes-in-low-back-pain-patients-after-yoga-practice
#2
Shirley Telles, Abhishek K Bhardwaj, Ram K Gupta, Sachin K Sharma, Robin Monro, Acharya Balkrishna
BACKGROUND The present study aimed at determining whether 12 weeks of yoga practice in patients with chronic LBP and MRI-based degenerative changes would result in differences in: (i) self-reported pain, anxiety, and spinal flexibility; and (ii) the structure of the discs or vertebrae. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sixty-two persons with MRI-proven degenerative intervertebral discs (group mean ±S.D., 36.2±6.4 years; 30 females) were randomly assigned to yoga and control groups. However, testing was conducted on only 40 subjects, so only their data are included in this study...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594189/evidence-based-evaluation-of-complementary-health-approaches-for-pain-management-in-the-united-states
#3
REVIEW
Richard L Nahin, Robin Boineau, Partap S Khalsa, Barbara J Stussman, Wendy J Weber
Although most pain is acute and resolves within a few days or weeks, millions of Americans have persistent or recurring pain that may become chronic and debilitating. Medications may provide only partial relief from this chronic pain and can be associated with unwanted effects. As a result, many individuals turn to complementary health approaches as part of their pain management strategy. This article examines the clinical trial evidence for the efficacy and safety of several specific approaches-acupuncture, manipulation, massage therapy, relaxation techniques including meditation, selected natural product supplements (chondroitin, glucosamine, methylsulfonylmethane, S-adenosylmethionine), tai chi, and yoga-as used to manage chronic pain and related disability associated with back pain, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, neck pain, and severe headaches or migraines...
September 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583423/complementary-integrative-therapies-that-work-a-review-of-the-evidence
#4
Benjamin Kligler, Raymond Teets, Melissa Quick
Significant evidence supports the effectiveness and safety of several complementary or integrative treatment approaches to common primary care problems. Acupuncture is effective in the management of chronic low back pain. Mind-body interventions such as cognitive behavior therapy, yoga, tai chi, qi gong, and music therapy may be helpful for treating insomnia. Exercise can reduce anxiety symptoms. Herbal preparations and nutritional supplements can be useful as first-line therapy for certain conditions, such as fish oil for hypertriglyceridemia, St...
September 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550240/cost-effectiveness-of-non-invasive-and-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-literature-review
#5
Lazaros Andronis, Philip Kinghorn, Suyin Qiao, David G T Whitehurst, Susie Durrell, Hugh McLeod
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem, having a substantial effect on peoples' quality of life and placing a significant economic burden on healthcare systems and, more broadly, societies. Many interventions to alleviate LBP are available but their cost effectiveness is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To identify, document and appraise studies reporting on the cost effectiveness of non-invasive and non-pharmacological treatment options for LBP. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified through systematic searches in bibliographic databases (EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, CINAHL and the National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database), 'similar article' searches and reference list scanning...
August 22, 2016: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514611/heart-rate-variability-in-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-randomized-to-yoga-or-standard-care
#6
Shirley Telles, Sachin Kumar Sharma, Ram Kumar Gupta, Abhishek Kumar Bhardwaj, Acharya Balkrishna
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain can alter the autonomic balance with increased sympathetic activity reflected in altered heart rate variability (HRV). It has been proposed that yoga can be useful to correct the autonomic imbalance in patients with chronic pain who have reduced HRV. METHODS AND DESIGNS: In the present randomized controlled trial 62 patients with chronic low back pain associated with altered alignment of intervertebral discs (aged between 20 and 45 years, 32 males) were randomized to 2 groups...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502816/yoga-research-review
#7
REVIEW
Tiffany Field
This paper is a review of empirical studies, review and meta-analysis publications on yoga from the last few years. The review includes demographics/prevalence of yoga as a practice, bibliometric analyses of the yoga publications and the use of yoga for physical fitness and cognitive function. Most of the studies reviewed here involve yoga effects on psychiatric and medical conditions. These include pregnancy, prenatal and postpartum depression; stress, PTSD, anxiety, and obesity; cardiovascular conditions including hypertension; pain syndromes including arthritis, headaches and low back pain; autoimmune conditions including asthma, type II diabetes and multiple sclerosis; immune conditions including HIV and breast cancer; and aging problems including balance, osteoporosis and Parkinson's...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446610/mind-body-exercises-for-nurses-with-chronic-low-back-pain-an-evidence-based-review
#8
REVIEW
Pinky Budhrani-Shani, Donna L Berry, Patricia Arcari, Helene Langevin, Peter M Wayne
Background. Chronic low back pain (CLBP) among nurses is a growing health concern. The multimodal nature of mind-body exercises has potential to impact physiological and psychological processes associated with chronic pain, affording possible advantages over conventional unimodal therapies. This paper summarizes the prevalence of and risk factors for CLBP among nurses, reviews the effectiveness in treating pain and disability of mind-body exercises (yoga and tai chi) for CLBP among the general and nursing population, and describes implications...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346092/exercise-benefits-for-chronic-low-back-pain-in-overweight-and-obese-individuals
#9
Joseph G Wasser, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Laura Ann Zdziarski, Heather K Vincent
Overweight and obese individuals with chronic low back pain (LBP) struggle with the combined physical challenges of physical activity and pain interference during daily life; perceived disability increases, pain symptoms worsen, and performance of functional tasks and quality of life (QOL) decline. Consistent participation in exercise programs positively affects several factors including musculoskeletal pain, perceptions of disability due to pain, functional ability, QOL, and body composition. It is not yet clear, however, what differential effects occur among different easily accessible exercise modalities in the overweight-obese population with chronic LBP...
June 23, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291934/yoga-intervention-and-functional-pain-syndromes-a-selective-review
#10
Roshan Sutar, Suresh Yadav, Geetha Desai
The definition of functional pain syndromes is varied across literature. No effort has been made to see all functional pain disorder groups under broad nomenclature which would exclude conditions for which pathophysiology is strongly known. Since these disorders are commonly treated with alternative treatment modalities and impose significant burden on health utilization, an effort to look into studies on yoga-based interventions on 'functional pain syndromes' (FPS) was made. This study defined FPS as 'Chronic relapsing remitting pain conditions, the origin of which is difficult to trace with no definite physical pathology on clinical suspicion or available laboratory measures and are valid based on subjective pain reporting, associated distress and socio-occupational dysfunction'...
June 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231715/yoga-as-a-treatment-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#11
Douglas G Chang, Jacquelyn A Holt, Marisa Sklar, Erik J Groessl
OBJECTIVES: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) affects millions of people worldwide, and appears to be increasing in prevalence. It is associated not only with pain, but also with increased disability, psychological symptoms, and reduced quality of life. There are various treatment options for CLBP, but no single therapy stands out as being the most effective. In the past 10 years, yoga interventions have been studied as a CLBP treatment approach. The objective of this paper is to review the current literature supporting the efficacy of yoga for CLBP...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Orthopedics & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152528/yoga-in-pregnancy
#12
Shilpa Babbar, Jaye Shyken
Yoga is a mind-body practice that encompasses a system of postures (asana), deep breathing (pranayama), and meditation. Over 36 million Americans practice yoga of which the majority are reproductive-aged women. Literature to support this practice is limited, albeit on the rise. A prenatal yoga practice has been shown to benefit women who suffer from anxiety, depression, stress, low back pain, and sleep disturbances. A small number of studies have been performed in high-risk pregnancies that also demonstrate an improvement in outcomes...
September 2016: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129472/yoga-versus-education-for-veterans-with-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Robert B Saper, Chelsey M Lemaster, A Rani Elwy, Ruth Paris, Patricia M Herman, Dorothy N Plumb, Karen J Sherman, Erik J Groessl, Susan Lynch, Shihwe Wang, Janice Weinberg
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain is the most frequent pain condition in Veterans and causes substantial suffering, decreased functional capacity, and lower quality of life. Symptoms of post-traumatic stress, depression, and mild traumatic brain injury are highly prevalent in Veterans with back pain. Yoga for low back pain has been demonstrated to be effective for civilians in randomized controlled trials. However, it is unknown if results from previously published trials generalize to military populations...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103548/yoga-for-veterans-with-chronic-low-back-pain-design-and-methods-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Erik J Groessl, Laura Schmalzl, Meghan Maiya, Lin Liu, Debora Goodman, Douglas G Chang, Julie L Wetherell, Jill E Bormann, J Hamp Atkinson, Sunita Baxi
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) afflicts millions of people worldwide, with particularly high prevalence in military veterans. Many treatment options exist for CLBP, but most have limited effectiveness and some have significant side effects. In general populations with CLBP, yoga has been shown to improve health outcomes with few side effects. However, yoga has not been adequately studied in military veteran populations. In the current paper we will describe the design and methods of a randomized clinical trial aimed at examining whether yoga can effectively reduce disability and pain in US military veterans with CLBP...
May 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27062965/an-evidence-map-of-yoga-for-low-back-pain
#15
REVIEW
Adam P Goode, Remy R Coeytaux, Jennifer McDuffie, Wei Duan-Porter, Poonam Sharma, Hillary Mennella, Avishek Nagi, John W Williams
OBJECTIVE: Yoga is being increasingly studied as a treatment strategy for a variety of different clinical conditions, including low back pain (LBP). We set out to conduct an evidence map of yoga for the treatment, prevention and recurrence of acute or chronic low back pain (cLBP). METHODS: We searched Medline, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database and ClinicalTrials.gov for randomized controlled trials (RCT), systematic reviews or planned studies on the treatment or prevention of acute back pain or cLBP...
April 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27054602/effect-of-6-months-intense-yoga-practice-on-lipid-profile-thyroxine-medication-and-serum-tsh-level-in-women-suffering-from-hypothyroidism-a-pilot-study
#16
Savitri Nilakanthan, Kashinath Metri, Nagaratna Raghuram, Nagendra Hongasandra
BACKGROUND: A significant number of women in India are suffering from hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is characterized by elevated lipid profiles and thyroid stimulation hormone (TSH). It leads many comorbid conditions such as coronary artery disease, obesity, depression, osteoporosis, sleep apnea, and etc. Yoga is proven to be effective in reducing weight, dyslipidemia, depression and it brings the balance in autonomous nervous system. We aimed to study the effect of 6 months yoga practice on lipid profile, thyroxine requirement and serum TSH in women suffering from hypothyroidism...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27046802/qigong-or-yoga-versus-no-intervention-in-older-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Michael Teut, Judith Knilli, Dorothea Daus, Stephanie Roll, Claudia M Witt
UNLABELLED: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the reduction of chronic lower back pain in older adults using either yoga classes or qigong classes compared with no intervention. Older adults (65 years of age and older) with chronic low back pain were enrolled in and randomly allocated to: 1) yoga (24 classes, 45 minutes each, during 3 months), 2) qigong (12 classes, 90 minutes each, during 3 months), or 3) a control group who received no additional intervention...
July 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27002445/effect-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-vs-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-or-usual-care-on-back-pain-and-functional-limitations-in-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Daniel C Cherkin, Karen J Sherman, Benjamin H Balderson, Andrea J Cook, Melissa L Anderson, Rene J Hawkes, Kelly E Hansen, Judith A Turner
IMPORTANCE: Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) has not been rigorously evaluated for young and middle-aged adults with chronic low back pain. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness for chronic low back pain of MBSR vs cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or usual care. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Randomized, interviewer-blind, clinical trial in an integrated health care system in Washington State of 342 adults aged 20 to 70 years with chronic low back pain enrolled between September 2012 and April 2014 and randomly assigned to receive MBSR (n = 116), CBT (n = 113), or usual care (n = 113)...
March 22, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26941975/from-200-bc-to-2015-ad-an-integration-of-robotic-surgery-and-ayurveda-yoga
#19
Ali Zamir Khan, Geethakrishnan Gopalakrishna Pillai
BACKGROUND: Among the traditional systems of medicine practiced all over the world, Ayurveda and Yoga has a documented history dating back to beyond 200 BC. Robotic and video assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) is an invention of the 21(st) century. We aim to quantify the effects of integration of Ayurveda and Yoga on patients undergoing minimally invasive robotic and VATS. METHODS: Four hundred and fifty-four patients undergoing VATS and robotic thoracic surgery were introduced to a pre and postoperative protocol of Yoga therapy, mediation and oil massages...
February 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26878920/the-effect-of-yoga-on-depression-and-pain-in-adult-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-protocol
#20
Julie A Brinzo, Jeannette T Crenshaw, Laura Thomas, Alysha Sapp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
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