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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302455/physical-activity-and-yoga-based-approaches-for-pregnancy-related-low-back-and-pelvic-pain
#1
REVIEW
Patricia Anne Kinser, Jena Pauli, Nancy Jallo, Mary Shall, Kailee Karst, Michelle Hoekstra, Angela Starkweather
OBJECTIVE: To conduct an integrative review to evaluate current literature about nonpharmacologic, easily accessible management strategies for pregnancy-related low back and pelvic pain (PR-LBPP). DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. STUDY SELECTION: Original research articles were considered for review if they were full-length publications written in English and published in peer-reviewed journals from 2005 through 2015, included measures of pain and symptoms related to PR-LBPP, and evaluated treatment modalities that used a physical exercise- or yoga-based approach for the described conditions...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192793/nonpharmacologic-therapies-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-for-an-american-college-of-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline
#2
Roger Chou, Richard Deyo, Janna Friedly, Andrea Skelly, Robin Hashimoto, Melissa Weimer, Rochelle Fu, Tracy Dana, Paul Kraegel, Jessica Griffin, Sara Grusing, Erika D Brodt
Background: A 2007 American College of Physicians guideline addressed nonpharmacologic treatment options for low back pain. New evidence is now available. Purpose: To systematically review the current evidence on nonpharmacologic therapies for acute or chronic nonradicular or radicular low back pain. Data Sources: Ovid MEDLINE (January 2008 through February 2016), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and reference lists...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192789/noninvasive-treatments-for-acute-subacute-and-chronic-low-back-pain-a-clinical-practice-guideline-from-the-american-college-of-physicians
#3
Amir Qaseem, Timothy J Wilt, Robert M McLean, Mary Ann Forciea
Description: The American College of Physicians (ACP) developed this guideline to present the evidence and provide clinical recommendations on noninvasive treatment of low back pain. Methods: Using the ACP grading system, the committee based these recommendations on a systematic review of randomized, controlled trials and systematic reviews published through April 2015 on noninvasive pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for low back pain. Updated searches were performed through November 2016...
February 14, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145182/yoga-could-help-people-with-chronic-lower-back-pain
#4
(no author information available yet)
Practising yoga can reduce pain and increase functional ability in people with chronic, non-specific lower back pain, suggest the results of a Cochrane Review.
February 1, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#5
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076926/yoga-treatment-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#6
REVIEW
L Susan Wieland, Nicole Skoetz, Karen Pilkington, Ramaprabhu Vempati, Christopher R D'Adamo, Brian M Berman
BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a common, potentially disabling condition usually treated with self-care and non-prescription medication. For chronic low back pain, current guidelines state that exercise therapy may be beneficial. Yoga is a mind-body exercise sometimes used for non-specific low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of yoga for treating chronic non-specific low back pain, compared to no specific treatment, a minimal intervention (e...
January 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751598/complementary-therapies-in-addition-to-medication-for-patients-with-nonchronic-nonradicular-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Samantha Rothberg, Benjamin W Friedman
BACKGROUND: A total of 2.7 million patients present to US emergency departments annually for management of low back pain (LBP). Despite optimal medical therapy, more than 50% remain functionally impaired 3 months later. We performed a systematic review to address the following question: Among patients with nonchronic LBP, does spinal manipulation, massage, exercise, or yoga, when combined with standard medical therapy, improve pain and functional outcomes more than standard medical therapy alone? METHODS: We used published searches to identify relevant studies, supplemented with our own updated search...
January 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619104/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-assess-pain-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-based-mri-based-structural-spine-changes-in-low-back-pain-patients-after-yoga-practice
#8
Shirley Telles, Abhishek K Bhardwaj, Ram K Gupta, Sachin K Sharma, Robin Monro, Acharya Balkrishna
BACKGROUND The present study aimed at determining whether 12 weeks of yoga practice in patients with chronic LBP and MRI-based degenerative changes would result in differences in: (i) self-reported pain, anxiety, and spinal flexibility; and (ii) the structure of the discs or vertebrae. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sixty-two persons with MRI-proven degenerative intervertebral discs (group mean ±S.D., 36.2±6.4 years; 30 females) were randomly assigned to yoga and control groups. However, testing was conducted on only 40 subjects, so only their data are included in this study...
September 13, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594189/evidence-based-evaluation-of-complementary-health-approaches-for-pain-management-in-the-united-states
#9
REVIEW
Richard L Nahin, Robin Boineau, Partap S Khalsa, Barbara J Stussman, Wendy J Weber
Although most pain is acute and resolves within a few days or weeks, millions of Americans have persistent or recurring pain that may become chronic and debilitating. Medications may provide only partial relief from this chronic pain and can be associated with unwanted effects. As a result, many individuals turn to complementary health approaches as part of their pain management strategy. This article examines the clinical trial evidence for the efficacy and safety of several specific approaches-acupuncture, manipulation, massage therapy, relaxation techniques including meditation, selected natural product supplements (chondroitin, glucosamine, methylsulfonylmethane, S-adenosylmethionine), tai chi, and yoga-as used to manage chronic pain and related disability associated with back pain, fibromyalgia, osteoarthritis, neck pain, and severe headaches or migraines...
September 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583423/complementary-integrative-therapies-that-work-a-review-of-the-evidence
#10
REVIEW
Benjamin Kligler, Raymond Teets, Melissa Quick
Significant evidence supports the effectiveness and safety of several complementary or integrative treatment approaches to common primary care problems. Acupuncture is effective in the management of chronic low back pain. Mind-body interventions such as cognitive behavior therapy, yoga, tai chi, qi gong, and music therapy may be helpful for treating insomnia. Exercise can reduce anxiety symptoms. Herbal preparations and nutritional supplements can be useful as first-line therapy for certain conditions, such as fish oil for hypertriglyceridemia, St...
September 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550240/cost-effectiveness-of-non-invasive-and-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-low-back-pain-a-systematic-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Lazaros Andronis, Philip Kinghorn, Suyin Qiao, David G T Whitehurst, Susie Durrell, Hugh McLeod
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a major health problem, having a substantial effect on peoples' quality of life and placing a significant economic burden on healthcare systems and, more broadly, societies. Many interventions to alleviate LBP are available but their cost effectiveness is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To identify, document and appraise studies reporting on the cost effectiveness of non-invasive and non-pharmacological treatment options for LBP. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified through systematic searches in bibliographic databases (EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, CINAHL and the National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database), 'similar article' searches and reference list scanning...
August 22, 2016: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514611/heart-rate-variability-in-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-randomized-to-yoga-or-standard-care
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Shirley Telles, Sachin Kumar Sharma, Ram Kumar Gupta, Abhishek Kumar Bhardwaj, Acharya Balkrishna
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain can alter the autonomic balance with increased sympathetic activity reflected in altered heart rate variability (HRV). It has been proposed that yoga can be useful to correct the autonomic imbalance in patients with chronic pain who have reduced HRV. METHODS AND DESIGNS: In the present randomized controlled trial 62 patients with chronic low back pain associated with altered alignment of intervertebral discs (aged between 20 and 45 years, 32 males) were randomized to 2 groups...
August 11, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502816/yoga-research-review
#13
REVIEW
Tiffany Field
This paper is a review of empirical studies, review and meta-analysis publications on yoga from the last few years. The review includes demographics/prevalence of yoga as a practice, bibliometric analyses of the yoga publications and the use of yoga for physical fitness and cognitive function. Most of the studies reviewed here involve yoga effects on psychiatric and medical conditions. These include pregnancy, prenatal and postpartum depression; stress, PTSD, anxiety, and obesity; cardiovascular conditions including hypertension; pain syndromes including arthritis, headaches and low back pain; autoimmune conditions including asthma, type II diabetes and multiple sclerosis; immune conditions including HIV and breast cancer; and aging problems including balance, osteoporosis and Parkinson's...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27446610/mind-body-exercises-for-nurses-with-chronic-low-back-pain-an-evidence-based-review
#14
REVIEW
Pinky Budhrani-Shani, Donna L Berry, Patricia Arcari, Helene Langevin, Peter M Wayne
Background. Chronic low back pain (CLBP) among nurses is a growing health concern. The multimodal nature of mind-body exercises has potential to impact physiological and psychological processes associated with chronic pain, affording possible advantages over conventional unimodal therapies. This paper summarizes the prevalence of and risk factors for CLBP among nurses, reviews the effectiveness in treating pain and disability of mind-body exercises (yoga and tai chi) for CLBP among the general and nursing population, and describes implications...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346092/exercise-benefits-for-chronic-low-back-pain-in-overweight-and-obese-individuals
#15
REVIEW
Joseph G Wasser, Terrie Vasilopoulos, Laura Ann Zdziarski, Heather K Vincent
Overweight and obese individuals with chronic low back pain (LBP) struggle with the combined physical challenges of physical activity and pain interference during daily life; perceived disability increases, pain symptoms worsen, and performance of functional tasks and quality of life (QOL) decline. Consistent participation in exercise programs positively affects several factors including musculoskeletal pain, perceptions of disability due to pain, functional ability, QOL, and body composition. It is not yet clear, however, what differential effects occur among different easily accessible exercise modalities in the overweight-obese population with chronic LBP...
June 23, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291934/yoga-intervention-and-functional-pain-syndromes-a-selective-review
#16
Roshan Sutar, Suresh Yadav, Geetha Desai
The definition of functional pain syndromes is varied across literature. No effort has been made to see all functional pain disorder groups under broad nomenclature which would exclude conditions for which pathophysiology is strongly known. Since these disorders are commonly treated with alternative treatment modalities and impose significant burden on health utilization, an effort to look into studies on yoga-based interventions on 'functional pain syndromes' (FPS) was made. This study defined FPS as 'Chronic relapsing remitting pain conditions, the origin of which is difficult to trace with no definite physical pathology on clinical suspicion or available laboratory measures and are valid based on subjective pain reporting, associated distress and socio-occupational dysfunction'...
June 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231715/yoga-as-a-treatment-for-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
Douglas G Chang, Jacquelyn A Holt, Marisa Sklar, Erik J Groessl
OBJECTIVES: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) affects millions of people worldwide, and appears to be increasing in prevalence. It is associated not only with pain, but also with increased disability, psychological symptoms, and reduced quality of life. There are various treatment options for CLBP, but no single therapy stands out as being the most effective. In the past 10 years, yoga interventions have been studied as a CLBP treatment approach. The objective of this paper is to review the current literature supporting the efficacy of yoga for CLBP...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Orthopedics & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27152528/yoga-in-pregnancy
#18
Shilpa Babbar, Jaye Shyken
Yoga is a mind-body practice that encompasses a system of postures (asana), deep breathing (pranayama), and meditation. Over 36 million Americans practice yoga of which the majority are reproductive-aged women. Literature to support this practice is limited, albeit on the rise. A prenatal yoga practice has been shown to benefit women who suffer from anxiety, depression, stress, low back pain, and sleep disturbances. A small number of studies have been performed in high-risk pregnancies that also demonstrate an improvement in outcomes...
September 2016: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129472/yoga-versus-education-for-veterans-with-chronic-low-back-pain-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Robert B Saper, Chelsey M Lemaster, A Rani Elwy, Ruth Paris, Patricia M Herman, Dorothy N Plumb, Karen J Sherman, Erik J Groessl, Susan Lynch, Shihwe Wang, Janice Weinberg
BACKGROUND: Chronic low back pain is the most frequent pain condition in Veterans and causes substantial suffering, decreased functional capacity, and lower quality of life. Symptoms of post-traumatic stress, depression, and mild traumatic brain injury are highly prevalent in Veterans with back pain. Yoga for low back pain has been demonstrated to be effective for civilians in randomized controlled trials. However, it is unknown if results from previously published trials generalize to military populations...
April 29, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103548/yoga-for-veterans-with-chronic-low-back-pain-design-and-methods-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Erik J Groessl, Laura Schmalzl, Meghan Maiya, Lin Liu, Debora Goodman, Douglas G Chang, Julie L Wetherell, Jill E Bormann, J Hamp Atkinson, Sunita Baxi
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) afflicts millions of people worldwide, with particularly high prevalence in military veterans. Many treatment options exist for CLBP, but most have limited effectiveness and some have significant side effects. In general populations with CLBP, yoga has been shown to improve health outcomes with few side effects. However, yoga has not been adequately studied in military veteran populations. In the current paper we will describe the design and methods of a randomized clinical trial aimed at examining whether yoga can effectively reduce disability and pain in US military veterans with CLBP...
May 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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