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Adolescent sexual communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899688/source-of-sex-information-and-condom-use-intention-among-latino-adolescents
#1
Jillian S Eversole, Nancy F Berglas, Julianna Deardorff, Norman A Constantine
Adolescence is a common time for sexual initiation and information seeking about sexual health, yet little is known about how adolescents' sources of information about sex influence their sexual beliefs and behaviors. This is particularly true for Latino adolescents, whose sources of sex information and sexual behaviors are vastly understudied. A survey of ninth-grade Latino adolescents (N = 1,186) was employed to examine the relationship between adolescents' primary source of sex information and their intention to use condoms...
November 29, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883927/randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-alcohol-self-harm-and-hiv-prevention-program-for-teens-in-mental-health-treatment
#2
Christianne Esposito-Smythers, Wendy Hadley, Timothy W Curby, Larry K Brown
Adolescents with mental health conditions represent a high-risk group for substance use, deliberate self-harm (DSH), and risky sexual behavior. Mental health treatment does not uniformly decrease these risks. Effective prevention efforts are needed to offset the developmental trajectory from mental health problems to these behaviors. This study tested an adjunctive cognitive-behavioral family-based alcohol, DSH, and HIV prevention program (ASH-P) for adolescents in mental healthcare. A two group randomized design was used to compare ASH-P to an assessment only control (AO-C)...
November 12, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882783/communication-about-sex-and-hpv-among-puerto-rican-mothers-and-daughters
#3
Vivian Colón-López, Natalie Fernández-Espada, Camille Vélez, Velda J Gonzalez, Elba C Diaz-Toro, William A Calo, Lara S Savas, Angela Pattatucci, María E Fernández
OBJECTIVE: Although opportunities to vaccinate against human papillomavirus (HPV) are available, vaccination rates in Puerto Rico remain low. Communication between parents and adolescents about sexual topics may influence decisions about HPV vaccination uptake, particularly among young women; yet, few studies have addressed this issue. This qualitative study explored Puerto Rican mothers' and daughters' communication on sex-related topics, and HPV, including the HPV vaccine. DESIGN: Thirty participants, including 9 mothers and 21 daughters, participated in seven focus groups...
November 24, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862186/a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis-of-adolescents-views-of-sexual-readiness
#4
REVIEW
Michelle Templeton, Maria Lohan, Carmel Kelly, Laura Lundy
AIM: The aim of this study was to synthesize the qualitative evidence investigating adolescents' views on heterosexual readiness. BACKGROUND: Adolescents' understandings of sexual readiness are often missing in research and debates on sexual health and related concepts like sexual consent. Research to date has predominantly focussed on age and socio-cultural predictors of sexual debut, thus failing to explain how adolescents themselves conceptualize their readiness for heterosexual relations...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833070/a-systematic-review-of-apps-using-mobile-criteria-for-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-mcapp
#5
Elizabeth Chen, Emily Rose Mangone
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in the United States and globally represent a high-risk population for unintended pregnancy, which leads to high social, economic, and health costs. Access to smartphone apps is rapidly increasing among youth, but little is known about the strategies that apps employ to prevent pregnancy among adolescents and young adults. Further, there are no guidelines on best practices for adolescent and young adult pregnancy prevention through mobile apps. OBJECTIVE: This review developed a preliminary evaluation framework for the assessment of mobile apps for adolescent and young adult pregnancy prevention and used this framework to assess available apps in the Apple App Store and Google Play that targeted adolescents and young adults with family planning and pregnancy prevention support...
November 10, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831919/parents-as-partners-in-adolescent-hiv-prevention-in-eastern-and-southern-africa-an-evaluation-of-the-current-united-nations-approach
#6
Jane Wathuta
The United Nations's (UN) sustainable development goals (SDGs) include the target (3.3) of ending the HIV/AIDS epidemic by 2030. A major challenge in this regard is to curb the incidence of HIV among adolescents, the number two cause of their death in Africa. In Eastern and Southern Africa, they are mainly infected through heterosexual transmission. Research findings about parental influence on the sexual behavior of their adolescent children are reviewed and findings indicate that parental communication, monitoring and connectedness contribute to the avoidance of risky sexual behavior in adolescents...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788779/the-effects-of-repeated-forced-ethanol-consumption-during-adolescence-on-reproductive-behaviors-in-male-rats
#7
Shannon M Harding, Nicole Mollé, Lisbeth Reyes-Fondeur, Jessica M Karanian
Adolescence is a sensitive period of brain development when changes in hormone levels may have long-lasting effects on synaptic connections and behavior. In humans, alcohol consumption frequently begins during this critical period, although the impact of early exposure has not been fully examined. The current study was designed to investigate short- and long-term effects of repeated forced ethanol consumption during adolescence on emerging reproductive behaviors. Twenty-six young male Long-Evans rats were assigned to ethanol (Young EtOH, n = 12) or water (Young Control, n = 14) groups at postnatal day (P) 32, receiving a modified binge protocol of 3 g/kg of solution via gavage twice per week from P32 to P80...
September 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769762/intimacy-substance-use-and-communication-needs-during-cancer-therapy-a-report-from-the-resilience-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-study
#8
Abby R Rosenberg, Kira Bona, Tyler Ketterl, Claire M Wharton, Joanne Wolfe, K Scott Baker
PURPOSE: The prevalence of intimacy and substance use among adolescents and young adults during cancer therapy has not been well described. METHODS: The "Resilience in Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer" study was a prospective, multicenter, mixed-methods cohort study. English-speaking patients 14-25 years old with newly diagnosed cancer were invited to complete a comprehensive survey at the time of enrollment (T1) and 3-6 months later (T2). Intimate relationships and health behaviors were assessed with questions adapted from the Guidelines for Adolescent Preventative Services assessment...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740921/association-between-exposure-to-sexually-explicit-content-in-the-electronic-media-and-sexual-intentions-of-in-school-adolescents-in-southwest-nigeria
#9
Josephine Adeolu, Eme Owoaje, Adesola Olumide
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents are exposed to a significant amount of sexual content in the media. This has far-reaching effects on their sexual practices as this exposure is occurring at a period when most adolescents are often not sure of the choices to make, and the choices they make during adolescence affect their health when they become adults. The aim of this study was to assess the association between exposure of in-school adolescents to sexual content in the electronic media and their sexual intentions...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740920/immaturity-in-puberty-and-negative-attitudes-toward-reproductive-health-among-indonesian-adolescents
#10
Tantut Susanto, Ruka Saito, Rumiko Kimura, Akiko Tsuda, Noriko Tabuchi, Junko Sugama
BACKGROUND: Complex factors influence adolescents' attitudes. Secondary sexual development and emotional changes are markers of puberty and affect attitudes toward reproductive health (RH). This is especially evident in the society and culture of Indonesia. This study examined the presence of immaturity at puberty and factors associated with negative attitudes toward RH among Indonesian adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 1040 students (aged 11-16 years) selected using multistage random cluster sampling...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710087/projectheartforgirls-com-development-of-a-web-based-hiv-std-prevention-program-for-adolescent-girls-emphasizing-sexual-communication-skills
#11
Laura Widman, Carol E Golin, Seth M Noar, Joy Massey, Mitchell J Prinstein
This article describes the development of ProjectHeartforGirls.com , an interactive web-based program designed to improve sexual communication skills and reduce the risk of HIV/STDs among adolescent girls, a population at heightened risk for negative sexual health outcomes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). Although sexual communication is a critical predictor of safer sex among teens, there are few online interventions that target these skills as a central program component. We developed ProjectHeartforGirls...
October 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696905/association-between-parent-adolescent-communication-about-sex-related-topics-and-hiv-testing-united-states-2006-2013
#12
Alexandra B Balaji, Emeka Oraka, Amy M Fasula, Paula E Jayne, Monique G Carry, Jerris L Raiford
Adolescents need information about sex-related topics in order to reduce risk behavior and engage in healthy sexual decision-making. Parents have the potential to be an important source of this information. Using the 2006-2010 and 2011-2013 National Survey of Family Growth, we examined associations between parent-adolescent communication before age 18 about sex-related topics and HIV testing among respondents aged 18-24 that ever had sexual intercourse (women = 3893; men = 3359). Analyses showed that for both men and women, discussing how to prevent HIV/AIDS and how to use a condom with a parent before age 18 were positively associated with HIV testing...
October 4, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688266/race-and-religious-beliefs-are-associated-with-communication-regarding-reproductive-health-and-preconception-counseling-in-young-women-with-diabetes
#13
Jessica Anne Devido, Susan M Sereika, Susan Merle Cohen, Denise Charron-Prochownik
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between selected internal and external characteristics and communication (intended and actual) with health care providers (HCPs) about reproductive health and preconception counseling among adolescent females with diabetes. METHODS: A descriptive, correlational design was employed to conduct a secondary analysis of baseline data from a multisite, randomized controlled trial. Participants were 110 female adolescents (92% type 1 diabetes)...
September 28, 2016: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683173/investigating-sociodemographic-factors-and-hiv-risk-behaviors-associated-with-social-networking-among-adolescents-in-soweto-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-survey
#14
Janan Janine Dietrich, Fatima Laher, Stefanie Hornschuh, Busisiwe Nkala, Lucy Chimoyi, Kennedy Otwombe, Angela Kaida, Glenda Elisabeth Gray, Cari Miller
BACKGROUND: Internet access via mobile phones and computers facilitates interaction and potential health communication among individuals through social networking. Many South African adolescents own mobile phones and can access social networks via apps. OBJECTIVE: We investigated sociodemographic factors and HIV risk behaviors of adolescent social networking users in Soweto, South Africa. METHODS: We conducted an interviewer-administered, cross-sectional survey of adolescents aged 14-19 years...
2016: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672451/perceptions-and-experiences-about-self-disclosure-of-hiv-status-among-adolescents-with-perinatal-acquired-hiv-in-poor-resourced-communities-in-south-africa
#15
Sphiwe Madiba, Mathildah Mokgatle
Background. There is limited research on the disclosure experiences of adolescents with perinatal acquired HIV (PAH). The study explores how adolescents with PAH experience living with HIV and examined their perceptions and experiences regarding disclosure and onward self-disclosure to friends and sexual partners. Methods. Thematic analysis was used to analyze in-depth interviews conducted with 37 adolescents. Findings. Adolescents received disclosure about their status at mean age of 12 years. They perceived disclosure as necessary and appreciated the truthful communication they received...
2016: AIDS Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639269/more-like-him-me-or-us-the-impact-of-trait-similarity-on-adolescent-women-s-sexual-risk-behaviors-in-relationships
#16
Jennifer L Woods, Devon J Hensel, J Dennis Fortenberry
Ideal partner traits and how they relate to a young woman's current partner and relationship is a knowledge gap in the literature. The objectives of this study were 1) to assess any differences in interpersonal characteristics between a young woman or her partner and relationship and 2) to examine the impact of this difference on sexual monogamy, condom use and frequency of vaginal sex. Study participants (n=387, 14-17 years at enrollment, 90% African American) were recruited from three primary care adolescent health clinics serving areas with high rates of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection (STI); data were drawn from a longitudinal cohort study of sexual relationships and behaviors among young women...
August 17, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619071/associations-between-corpus-callosum-size-and-adhd-symptoms-in-older-adults-the-path-through-life-study
#17
Eileen Luders, Florian Kurth, Debjani Das, Daniela E Oyarce, Marnie E Shaw, Perminder Sachdev, Simon Easteal, Kaarin J Anstey, Nicolas Cherbuin
Neuroimaging studies of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have revealed deviations of the corpus callosum in children and adolescents. However, little is known about the link between callosal morphology and symptoms of inattention or hyperactivity in adulthood, especially later in life. Here, we investigated in a large population-based sample of 280 adults (150 males, 130 females) in their late sixties and early seventies whether ADHD symptoms correlate with callosal thickness. In addition, we tested for significant sex interactions, which were followed by correlation analyses stratified by sex...
October 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605960/communication-of-reproductive-health-information-to-the-rural-girl-child-in-filabusi-zimbabwe
#18
Similo Ngwenya
BACKGROUND: Despite a number of programs aimed at the transfer of reproductive health information, adolescents in Zimbabwe still face unprecedented reproductive challenges. OBJECTIVES: The study sought to explore adolescent girls' knowledge of their sexual and reproductive health; the factors that influence their sexual behaviors and to determine the extent to which adolescents had access to sexual and reproductive health information. METHODS: The case study methodology was used for the study...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578353/reflecting-on-adolescents-evolving-sexual-and-reproductive-health-rights-canvassing-the-opinion-of-social-workers-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#19
Zaynab Essack, Jacintha Toohey, Ann Strode
In South Africa children under the age of 18 are legal minors and considered not fully capable of acting independently. However, in certain defined circumstances the law has granted minors the capacity to act independently, including regarding their sexual and reproductive health (SRH). This study explored the perspectives and practices of 17 social workers from KwaZulu-Natal on legislation relevant to adolescents' evolving sexual and reproductive health and rights and the decriminalisation of consensual underage sex...
May 2016: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557986/what-messages-are-adolescent-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-vmmc-clients-getting-and-how-findings-from-an-observational-study-in-tanzania
#20
Dorica Boyee, Erin Peacock, Marya Plotkin, Augustino Hellar, Hally Mahler, Elizabeth Edouard, Renatus Kisendi, Erick Mlanga, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Katherine Andrinopoulos
Uncircumcised adolescent males in sub-Saharan Africa are an important group to reach with voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) services due to high HIV burden occurring among this age group. Appropriateness of the content and delivery of sexual health and HIV prevention messages to adolescent VMMC clients has not been extensively described. A study was conducted in Tanzania to examine quality, delivery and content of messages provided to adolescent (aged 15-19) and adult (aged 20+) VMMC clients (n = 320)...
August 24, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
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