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Adolescent sexual communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330973/the-effect-of-sex-education-and-life-skills-for-preventive-sexual-risk-behaviours-among-university-of-students-in-thailand
#1
Katekaew Seangpraw, Rattana Somrongthong, Monchanok Choowanthanapakorn, Ramesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Currently, the problem of sexual risk behaviour of adolescents has increased worldwide, including Thailand. This study compared the effectiveness of promoting life skills to prevent sexual risk behaviours among university students in the Phayao Province of Thailand. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was employed with a pre- and post-test study for a sample of freshmen university students. The students were then split into an intervention group comprised of 300 students, with a second group of 250 students from the same faculty as the control group...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324946/realities-and-perspectives-of-adolescent-mothers-in-their-first-pregnancy
#2
Rita de Cássia Andrade Neiva Santos, Raimunda Magalhães da Silva, Maria Veraci Oliveira Queiroz, Herla Maria Furtado Jorge, Aline Veras Morais Brilhante
OBJECTIVE: to understand the trajectory of adolescents regarding the first pregnancy, contemplating realities and perspectives. METHOD: qualitative study, based on the Schütz theoretical framework, with 30 adolescents assisted in an outpatient clinic for adolescents in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. From the narrative interviews carried out in the first semester of 2013, in the return for the first consultation of the puerperium, the communicative processes were identified, the central ideas and units of meanings expressed in the themes were abstracted: I was dating and became pregnant; realities and perspectives...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320447/parents-perspectives-on-family-sexuality-communication-from-middle-school-to-high-school
#3
Jennifer M Grossman, Lisa J Jenkins, Amanda M Richer
Parents' conversations with teens about sex and relationships can play a critical role in improving teenage reproductive health by reducing teens' risky sexual behavior. However, little is known about how teen-parent communication changes from early to middle adolescence and how parents can tailor their communication to address their teens' changing development and experiences during these periods. In this longitudinal qualitative study, U.S. parents (N = 23) participated in interviews when their teens were in early adolescence, then again when the teens were in middle adolescence...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300099/sexual-risk-among-african-american-girls-seeking-psychiatric-care-a-social-personal-framework
#4
Geri Donenberg, Erin Emerson, Mary Ellen Mackesy-Amiti, Faith Fletcher
OBJECTIVE: This study examined individual and social factors associated with sexual risk behavior among African American girls seeking outpatient mental health services across 2 years and key developmental transitions. METHOD: African American females 12-16 years old (M = 14.5; SD = 1.15; n = 266) were recruited from eight outpatient mental health clinics and completed interviewer-administered and computer-assisted measures at baseline, 12, and 24 months. Analyses tested individual attributes (externalizing and internalizing problems) and family context (maternal acceptance-rejection, mother-daughter communication about sex) at baseline, peer influences (peer support of substance use, girlfriend dating behavior) and partner relationship characteristics (rejection sensitivity, partner risk communication frequency and openness) at 12 months, and girls' sexual behavior at 24 months...
January 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280027/gay-and-bisexual-adolescent-boy-s-perspectives-on-parent-adolescent-relationships-and-parenting-practices-related-to-teen-sex-and-dating
#5
Brian A Feinstein, Matthew Thomann, Ryan Coventry, Kathryn Macapagal, Brian Mustanski, Michael E Newcomb
Close parent-adolescent relationships and specific parenting practices (e.g., communication about sex, monitoring) are associated with reduced sexual risk behavior among heterosexual youth. Despite gay/bisexual male youth being at increased risk of HIV, little is known about parental influences on their sexual behavior. As such, the goal of the current study was to examine parent-adolescent relationships and parenting practices related to teen sex and dating from the perspective of gay/bisexual adolescent boys...
December 26, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274605/alexithymia-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-child-sexual-abuse-and-psychological-distress-in-adolescence-a-short-term-longitudinal-study
#6
Martine Hébert, Cyndi Boisjoli, Martin Blais, Essaïd Oussaïd
BACKGROUND: Understanding factors influencing mental health of sexually abused teenagers is essential to orient treatment with this vulnerable population. The purpose of this study was to explore alexithymia as a mediator of the relationship between child sexual abuse and psychological distress using a representative sample of teenagers, while considering gender as a potential moderator. METHODS: Teenagers participating in the Quebec Youths' Romantic Relationships Survey completed measures evaluating a history of child sexual abuse and alexithymia at baseline while psychological distress was evaluated 6 months later...
December 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248095/new-findings-on-child-marriage-in-sub-saharan-africa
#7
Suzanne Petroni, Mara Steinhaus, Natacha Stevanovic Fenn, Kirsten Stoebenau, Amy Gregowski
Despite increasing global attention and commitments by countries to end the harmful practice of child marriage, each year some 15 million girls marry before the age of 18. The preponderance of the evidence produced historically on child marriage comes from South Asia, where the vast majority of child brides live. Far less attention has been paid to child marriage in sub-Saharan Africa, where prevalence rates remain high. The International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) recently conducted research in Kenya, Senegal, Uganda, and Zambia to contribute to greater understanding of the drivers of child marriage in each of these contexts...
September 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175690/human-trafficking-education-for-nurse-practitioners-integration-into-standard-curriculum
#8
Rebecca M Lutz
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking is a crime resulting in serious negative health outcomes for the victims. To provide optimal care, thus improving health outcomes, healthcare providers must be able to identify victims as they seek care for acute and chronic physical illness, communicable diseases, sexually transmitted infections, and mental health disorders (Lederer and Wetzel, 2014; Oram et al., 2012). Unfortunately, healthcare providers lack appropriate knowledge of clues that would lead to victim identification...
November 16, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163667/understanding-the-unique-experiences-perspectives-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-of-very-young-adolescents-somali-refugees-in-ethiopia
#9
Luis Ortiz-Echevarria, Meghan Greeley, Tenaw Bawoke, Linnea Zimmerman, Courtland Robinson, Jennifer Schlecht
Background: Kobe Refugee camp hosts roughly 39,000 refugees displaced from Somalia during the 2011-2012 Horn of Africa Crisis. Sexual and reproductive health, as with the greater issues of health and well-being for adolescents displaced from this crisis remain largely unknown and neglected. In 2013, the Women's Refugee Commission, Johns Hopkins University, and International Medical Corps in Ethiopia, implemented qualitative and quantitative research to explore the factors and risks that impact the health of very young adolescents (VYAs), those 10-14 years of age, in this setting...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161072/sexual-assertiveness-skills-and-sexual-decision-making-in-adolescent-girls-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-online-program
#10
Laura Widman, Carol E Golin, Kristyn Kamke, Jeni L Burnette, Mitchell J Prinstein
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of an interactive, Web-based sexual health program (Health Education and Relationship Training [HEART]) for developing sexual assertiveness skills and enhancing sexual decision-making in adolescent girls. METHODS: Participants were 222 tenth-grade girls (mean age = 15.2; 38% White, 29% Hispanic, 25% Black) in the Southeastern United States who were randomized in fall 2015 to the HEART intervention or an attention-matched control...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146122/health-and-wellbeing-of-indigenous-adolescents-in-australia-a-systematic-synthesis-of-population-data
#11
Peter S Azzopardi, Susan M Sawyer, John B Carlin, Louisa Degenhardt, Ngiare Brown, Alex D Brown, George C Patton
BACKGROUND: Indigenous populations have high rates of disease and premature mortality. Most Indigenous communities are young, and adolescence (age 10-24 years) provides great opportunities for population health gain. However, the absence of a comprehensive account of Indigenous adolescents' health has been a barrier to effective policy. We aimed to report a national health profile for Indigenous adolescents in Australia. METHODS: We undertook a systematic synthesis of population data to report the health and wellbeing of Indigenous adolescents in Australia...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145817/family-context-and-individual-situation-of-teens-before-during-and-after-pregnancy-in-mexico-city
#12
Reyna Sámano, Hugo Martínez-Rojano, David Robichaux, Ana Lilia Rodríguez-Ventura, Bernarda Sánchez-Jiménez, Maria de la Luz Hoyuela, Estela Godínez, Selene Segovia
BACKGROUND: In the last 20 years, adolescent pregnancy has become one of the most critical problems affecting women in Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: This qualitative study was based on in-depth interviews with 29 teen mothers. All of the pregnant teens were from low- to lower-middle-class social strata in the Mexico City metropolitan area. The family (living with the girl) and the individual context of pregnant teens were analysed on the basis of data from at least three interviews: during pregnancy and at approximately 6 and 24 months following delivery...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125323/examining-the-effects-of-mtv-s-16-and-pregnant-on-adolescent-girls-sexual-health-the-implications-of-character-affinity-pregnancy-risk-factors-and-health-literacy-on-message-effectiveness
#13
Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz, Jennifer Stevens Aubrey, Hillary Pennell, Kyung Bo Kim
Health communication strategies to decrease teen pregnancies include the employment of entertainment-education (E-E), which involves embedding health messages in an entertainment media vehicle that is relatable and attractive to the intended audience. MTV's 16 and Pregnant is an example of such an effort as an E-E documentary-style reality show that aimed to reduce the U.S. teen pregnancy rate. A pretest-posttest experiment was conducted with 147 adolescent girls (ages 14-18) to investigate the effectiveness of 16 and Pregnant on beliefs, attitudes, and intentions to avoid teen pregnancy...
November 10, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123360/understanding-the-relationship-between-religiosity-and-caregiver-adolescent-communication-about-sex-within-african-american-families
#14
Tiarney D Ritchwood, Terrinieka W Powell, Isha W Metzger, Gaurav Dave, Giselle Corbie-Smith, Millicent Atujuna, Emily B Vander Schaaf, Mysha Wynn, Feng-Chang Lin, Wenxiao Zhou, Aletha Y Akers
Caregiver-adolescent communication about sex plays a critical role in the sexual socialization of youth. Many caregivers, however, do not engage their youth in such conversations, potentially placing them at risk for negative sexual health outcomes. Lack of caregiver-adolescent communication about sex may be particularly harmful for rural African American youth, as they often report early sex initiation and are disproportionately impacted by STIs. Moreover, sexual communication may be particularly challenging for families with strong religious backgrounds, potentially affecting the occurrence and breadth of topics covered during communication...
November 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104848/cultural-adaptation-of-an-evidence-informed-psychosocial-intervention-to-address-the-needs-of-phiv-youth-in-thailand
#15
Gisselle Pardo, Chutima Saisaengjan, Priya Gopalan, Jintanat Ananworanich, Sudrak Lakhonpon, Danielle Friedman Nestadt, Torsak Bunupuradah, Claude Ann Mellins, Mary McKernan McKay
Globally, pediatric HIV has largely become an adolescent epidemic. Thailand has the highest HIV prevalence in Asia (1.2%), with more than 14,000 children living with HIV. There is growing demand for evidence-based psychosocial interventions for this population that include health and mental health support and sexual risk reduction, which can be integrated into HIV care systems. To address this need, a multidisciplinary team of Thai and US researchers adapted an existing evidence-informed, family-based intervention, The Collaborative HIV Prevention and Adolescent Mental Health Program + (CHAMP+), which has been tested in multiple global trials...
2017: Global Social Welfare: Research, Policy & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097292/messages-about-abstinence-delaying-sexual-debut-and-sexual-decision-making-in-conversations-between-mothers-and-young-adolescents
#16
Kanika Ramchandani, Penelope Morrison, Melanie A Gold, Aletha Y Akers
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the information shared during family discussions about sexuality. From a public health perspective, abstinence is one of the most important sexuality topics parents can talk with adolescents about. We sought to characterize the messages mothers communicate to young adolescents regarding abstinence. DESIGN: Content analysis of dyadic discussions that occurred between June 2011-December 2012 between mothers and their 10-14 years old adolescent sons and daughters...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066934/adolescent-girls-and-young-women-living-with-hiv-preconception-counseling-strategies
#17
Deborah L Jones, Marisa Echenique, JoNell Potter, Violeta J Rodriguez, Stephen M Weiss, Margaret A Fischl
BACKGROUND: Rates of pregnancy among women living with HIV are similar to those in the general population. Unintended pregnancies are also common, and among adolescents and young women perinatally infected (PHIV+) or behaviorally infected (BHIV+) with HIV, planning for both conception and contraception is an important element of HIV care that may be neglected. This pilot study examined the influence of intervention strategies targeting fertility planning, safer conception practices and patient-provider communication...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061229/disclosure-matters-enhancing-patient-provider-communication-is-necessary-to-improve-the-health-of-sexual-minority-adolescents
#18
EDITORIAL
Randolph D Hubach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024764/-it-s-pretty-hard-to-tell-your-mom-and-dad-that-you-re-on-a-method-exploring-how-an-app-could-promote-adolescents-communication-with-partners-and-parent-s-to-increase-self-efficacy-in-long-acting-reversible-contraception-use
#19
Emily B Shakibnia, Sarah E Timmons, Melanie A Gold, Samantha Garbers
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Youth-friendly information and support are integral components to promote adolescents' successful use of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), and smartphone apps offer a promising medium. To inform content development for an app guided by the Health Belief Model, we conducted interviews with adolescent LARC users to assess self-efficacy and experiences with LARC, their communication with partners and parent(s) about LARC, and how apps could support this communication...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970737/association-between-socio-ecological-risk-factor-clustering-and-mental-emotional-and-behavioral-problems-in-hispanic-adolescents
#20
Lila Asfour, Shi Huang, Manuel A Ocasio, Tatiana Perrino, Seth J Schwartz, Daniel J Feaster, Mildred Maldonado-Molina, Hilda Pantin, Guillermo Prado
Compared to non-Hispanic whites, Hispanic adolescents in the U.S. report higher rates of several mental, emotional, and behavioral (MEB) problems such as substance use, sexual risk behaviors, and internalizing and externalizing problems. There is evidence of common pathways in the development of MEB problems with certain subgroups of Hispanic adolescents being at greater risk. In the present article, we report analysis of baseline data for 959 Hispanic adolescents who participated in one of two randomized controlled trials evaluating a family-based preventive intervention...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
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