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Adolescent sexual communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063260/prevalence-of-communication-between-mothers-and-daughters-on-sexuality-and-associated-factors-in-sagamu-southwest-nigeria
#1
Oluwadamilola A Opawale, Victor J Animasahun, Helena J Chapman
BACKGROUND: As adolescents transition from childhood to adulthood, effective mother-daughter communication on sexuality plays a role in reducing high-risk behaviours linked to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and early pregnancy and childbirth. The objective of the study was to examine the prevalence of mother-daughter communication on sexuality and associated factors in Sagamu, southwest Nigeria. METHODS: Using multistage sampling, surveys were conducted using 234 female youth enrolled at a secondary school...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059568/21st-century-parent-child-sex-communication-in-the-united-states-a-process-review
#2
Dalmacio Flores, Julie Barroso
Parent-child sex communication results in the transmission of family expectations, societal values, and role modeling of sexual health risk-reduction strategies. Parent-child sex communication's potential to curb negative sexual health outcomes has sustained a multidisciplinary effort to better understand the process and its impact on the development of healthy sexual attitudes and behaviors among adolescents. This review advances what is known about the process of sex communication in the United States by reviewing studies published from 2003 to 2015...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054806/early-amygdala-or-hippocampus-damage-influences-adolescent-female-social-behavior-during-group-formation
#3
Gilda Moadab, Eliza Bliss-Moreau, Melissa D Bauman, David G Amaral
This study continues a longitudinal analysis of rhesus macaque social behavior following bilateral neonatal ibotenic acid lesions of the amygdala or hippocampus, or sham operations. The social behavior of female subjects was evaluated at a critical developmental time point-the transition to adulthood. At approximately 4 years of age, female subjects were housed in small groups with other female subjects and reproductively viable adult males. As compared with neurologically intact control animals and animals with early amygdala damage, animals with early hippocampal damage were more social with their female peers...
January 5, 2017: Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049542/technology-assisted-intervention-for-parents-of-adolescents-in-residential-substance-use-treatment-protocol-of-an-open-trial-and-pilot-randomized-trial
#4
Sara J Becker, Lynn Hernandez, Anthony Spirito, Selby Conrad
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in residential substance use disorder (SUD) treatment have poor outcomes post-discharge, with follow-up studies suggesting that most adolescents relapse within 90 days. Parenting practices directly influence adolescent SUD outcomes, but parents of adolescents with SUDs are difficult to engage in traditional behavioral treatments. The current study adapts and evaluates a technology-assisted intervention for parents of adolescents in residential SUD treatment. Based on pilot qualitative data with parents, adolescents, and residential staff, we augment an existing computerized intervention (Parenting Wisely; PW) with four in-person coaching sessions, personalized text messages, and an expert-moderated online parent message board...
January 3, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982701/dutch-adolescents-motives-perceptions-and-reflections-toward-sex-related-internet-use-results-of-a-web-based-focus-group-study
#5
Suzan M Doornwaard, Fedde den Boer, Ine Vanwesenbeeck, Carol H C J van Nijnatten, Tom F M Ter Bogt, Regina J J M van den Eijnden
The Internet offers adolescents unique opportunities to actively shape their own sexual media environment. The aim of this study was to gain in-depth insight into Dutch adolescents' motives, perceptions, and reflections toward Internet use for (a) finding information or advice related to romance and sexuality; (b) searching for and viewing pornographic or erotic material; and (c) romantic and sexual communication (i.e., cybersex/sexting). Data were collected through 12 Web-based focus groups (36 adolescents aged 16 to 19 years, 72...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981448/short-term-effects-on-family-communication-and-adolescent-conduct-problems-familias-unidas-in-ecuador
#6
Lourdes Molleda, Yannine Estrada, Tae Kyoung Lee, Sofia Poma, Ana M Quevedo Terán, Cecilia Condo Tamayo, Monica Bahamon, Maria I Tapia, Maria R Velázquez, Hilda Pantin, Guillermo Prado
: Familias Unidas, a Hispanic/Latino-specific, parent-centered intervention, found to be efficacious in improving family functioning and reducing externalizing behaviors among youth in the USA, was recently adapted and tested for use in Ecuador. This study examined the short-term efficacy of Familias Unidas in Ecuador on parent-adolescent communication, parental monitoring of peers, and youth conduct problems. Two hundred thirty-nine youths (ages 12-14 years) and their primary care givers were randomized to either Familias Unidas or Community Practice and assessed pre- and post-intervention...
December 16, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956481/exploring-the-experience-of-african-immigrant-mothers-providing-reproductive-health-education-to-their-daughters-aged-10-to-14-years
#7
Kafuli Agbemenu, Jessica Devido, Martha Ann Terry, Margaret Hannan, Julius Kitutu, Willa Doswell
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents have disproportionate rates of unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections when compared with all other age groups. Mothers are gatekeepers and providers of reproductive health education, which can prevent teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. Reproductive health education provided by African immigrant mothers is influenced by cultural experiences and cultural contexts that are not well understood and have not been studied. This study sought to describe the experience of African mothers living in the United States providing reproductive health education to their daughters aged 10 to 14 years...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927979/caring-for-refugee-youth-in-the-school-setting
#8
Jennifer Leigh Johnson, Joyce Beard, Dena Evans
Annually, over 80,000 refugees enter the United States as a result of political or religious persecution. Of these, approximately 35% to 40% are children and adolescents. Refugees are faced with challenges associated with living conditions, cultural and social norms, and socioeconomic status due to problems occurring in their homelands. These challenges include but are not limited to malnutrition, communicable disease, questionable immunization status, lack of formal education, sexual abuse, violence, torture, human trafficking, homelessness, poverty, and a lack of access to health care...
December 7, 2016: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919863/applying-multiple-data-collection-tools-to-quantify-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-communication-on-twitter
#9
Philip M Massey, Amy Leader, Elad Yom-Tov, Alexandra Budenz, Kara Fisher, Ann C Klassen
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. There are several vaccines that protect against strains of HPV most associated with cervical and other cancers. Thus, HPV vaccination has become an important component of adolescent preventive health care. As media evolves, more information about HPV vaccination is shifting to social media platforms such as Twitter. Health information consumed on social media may be especially influential for segments of society such as younger populations, as well as ethnic and racial minorities...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899688/source-of-sex-information-and-condom-use-intention-among-latino-adolescents
#10
Jillian S Eversole, Nancy F Berglas, Julianna Deardorff, Norman A Constantine
Adolescence is a common time for sexual initiation and information seeking about sexual health, yet little is known about how adolescents' sources of information about sex influence their sexual beliefs and behaviors. This is particularly true for Latino adolescents, whose sources of sex information and sexual behaviors are vastly understudied. A survey of ninth-grade Latino adolescents (N = 1,186) was employed to examine the relationship between adolescents' primary source of sex information and their intention to use condoms...
November 29, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883927/randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-alcohol-self-harm-and-hiv-prevention-program-for-teens-in-mental-health-treatment
#11
Christianne Esposito-Smythers, Wendy Hadley, Timothy W Curby, Larry K Brown
Adolescents with mental health conditions represent a high-risk group for substance use, deliberate self-harm (DSH), and risky sexual behavior. Mental health treatment does not uniformly decrease these risks. Effective prevention efforts are needed to offset the developmental trajectory from mental health problems to these behaviors. This study tested an adjunctive cognitive-behavioral family-based alcohol, DSH, and HIV prevention program (ASH-P) for adolescents in mental healthcare. A two group randomized design was used to compare ASH-P to an assessment only control (AO-C)...
November 12, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882783/communication-about-sex-and-hpv-among-puerto-rican-mothers-and-daughters
#12
Vivian Colón-López, Natalie Fernández-Espada, Camille Vélez, Velda J Gonzalez, Elba C Diaz-Toro, William A Calo, Lara S Savas, Angela Pattatucci, María E Fernández
OBJECTIVE: Although opportunities to vaccinate against human papillomavirus (HPV) are available, vaccination rates in Puerto Rico remain low. Communication between parents and adolescents about sexual topics may influence decisions about HPV vaccination uptake, particularly among young women; yet, few studies have addressed this issue. This qualitative study explored Puerto Rican mothers' and daughters' communication on sex-related topics, and HPV, including the HPV vaccine. DESIGN: Thirty participants, including 9 mothers and 21 daughters, participated in seven focus groups...
November 24, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862186/a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-synthesis-of-adolescents-views-of-sexual-readiness
#13
REVIEW
Michelle Templeton, Maria Lohan, Carmel Kelly, Laura Lundy
AIM: The aim of this study was to synthesize the qualitative evidence investigating adolescents' views on heterosexual readiness. BACKGROUND: Adolescents' understandings of sexual readiness are often missing in research and debates on sexual health and related concepts like sexual consent. Research to date has predominantly focussed on age and socio-cultural predictors of sexual debut, thus failing to explain how adolescents themselves conceptualize their readiness for heterosexual relations...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833070/a-systematic-review-of-apps-using-mobile-criteria-for-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-mcapp
#14
Elizabeth Chen, Emily Rose Mangone
BACKGROUND: Adolescents in the United States and globally represent a high-risk population for unintended pregnancy, which leads to high social, economic, and health costs. Access to smartphone apps is rapidly increasing among youth, but little is known about the strategies that apps employ to prevent pregnancy among adolescents and young adults. Further, there are no guidelines on best practices for adolescent and young adult pregnancy prevention through mobile apps. OBJECTIVE: This review developed a preliminary evaluation framework for the assessment of mobile apps for adolescent and young adult pregnancy prevention and used this framework to assess available apps in the Apple App Store and Google Play that targeted adolescents and young adults with family planning and pregnancy prevention support...
November 10, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831919/parents-as-partners-in-adolescent-hiv-prevention-in-eastern-and-southern-africa-an-evaluation-of-the-current-united-nations-approach
#15
Jane Wathuta
The United Nations's (UN) sustainable development goals (SDGs) include the target (3.3) of ending the HIV/AIDS epidemic by 2030. A major challenge in this regard is to curb the incidence of HIV among adolescents, the number two cause of their death in Africa. In Eastern and Southern Africa, they are mainly infected through heterosexual transmission. Research findings about parental influence on the sexual behavior of their adolescent children are reviewed and findings indicate that parental communication, monitoring and connectedness contribute to the avoidance of risky sexual behavior in adolescents...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788779/the-effects-of-repeated-forced-ethanol-consumption-during-adolescence-on-reproductive-behaviors-in-male-rats
#16
Shannon M Harding, Nicole Mollé, Lisbeth Reyes-Fondeur, Jessica M Karanian
Adolescence is a sensitive period of brain development when changes in hormone levels may have long-lasting effects on synaptic connections and behavior. In humans, alcohol consumption frequently begins during this critical period, although the impact of early exposure has not been fully examined. The current study was designed to investigate short- and long-term effects of repeated forced ethanol consumption during adolescence on emerging reproductive behaviors. Twenty-six young male Long-Evans rats were assigned to ethanol (Young EtOH, n = 12) or water (Young Control, n = 14) groups at postnatal day (P) 32, receiving a modified binge protocol of 3 g/kg of solution via gavage twice per week from P32 to P80...
September 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769762/intimacy-substance-use-and-communication-needs-during-cancer-therapy-a-report-from-the-resilience-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-study
#17
Abby R Rosenberg, Kira Bona, Tyler Ketterl, Claire M Wharton, Joanne Wolfe, K Scott Baker
PURPOSE: The prevalence of intimacy and substance use among adolescents and young adults during cancer therapy has not been well described. METHODS: The "Resilience in Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer" study was a prospective, multicenter, mixed-methods cohort study. English-speaking patients 14-25 years old with newly diagnosed cancer were invited to complete a comprehensive survey at the time of enrollment (T1) and 3-6 months later (T2). Intimate relationships and health behaviors were assessed with questions adapted from the Guidelines for Adolescent Preventative Services assessment...
January 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740921/association-between-exposure-to-sexually-explicit-content-in-the-electronic-media-and-sexual-intentions-of-in-school-adolescents-in-southwest-nigeria
#18
Josephine Adeolu, Eme Owoaje, Adesola Olumide
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents are exposed to a significant amount of sexual content in the media. This has far-reaching effects on their sexual practices as this exposure is occurring at a period when most adolescents are often not sure of the choices to make, and the choices they make during adolescence affect their health when they become adults. The aim of this study was to assess the association between exposure of in-school adolescents to sexual content in the electronic media and their sexual intentions...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740920/immaturity-in-puberty-and-negative-attitudes-toward-reproductive-health-among-indonesian-adolescents
#19
Tantut Susanto, Ruka Saito, Rumiko Kimura, Akiko Tsuda, Noriko Tabuchi, Junko Sugama
BACKGROUND: Complex factors influence adolescents' attitudes. Secondary sexual development and emotional changes are markers of puberty and affect attitudes toward reproductive health (RH). This is especially evident in the society and culture of Indonesia. This study examined the presence of immaturity at puberty and factors associated with negative attitudes toward RH among Indonesian adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 1040 students (aged 11-16 years) selected using multistage random cluster sampling...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710087/projectheartforgirls-com-development-of-a-web-based-hiv-std-prevention-program-for-adolescent-girls-emphasizing-sexual-communication-skills
#20
Laura Widman, Carol E Golin, Seth M Noar, Joy Massey, Mitchell J Prinstein
This article describes the development of ProjectHeartforGirls.com , an interactive web-based program designed to improve sexual communication skills and reduce the risk of HIV/STDs among adolescent girls, a population at heightened risk for negative sexual health outcomes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2013). Although sexual communication is a critical predictor of safer sex among teens, there are few online interventions that target these skills as a central program component. We developed ProjectHeartforGirls...
October 2016: AIDS Education and Prevention: Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education
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