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Miller fisher variant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612899/recurrent-miller-fisher-a-new-case-report-and-a-literature-review
#1
F Barbato, A Di Paolantonio, M Distefano, A Mastrorosa, M Sabatelli, S Servidei, M Luigetti
Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS) is considered to be an uncommon variant of Guillain-Barré Syndrome. The disease is clinically characterized by acute ataxia of limbs, areflexia and ophthalmoplegia, although the set of symptoms and signs can be quite heterogeneous, with a benign and monophasic course. We describe a case of recurrent MFS where there have been four clinical episodes occurred with complete remission after each relapse. Last recurrence was treated with oral steroids. The reported frequency of recurrent MFS in literature is variable as well as the best treatment in these cases...
May 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514704/guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-variants-forms-fruste-reclassification-with-new-criteria
#2
Fu Liong Hiew, Rahmansah Ramlan, Shanthi Viswanathan, Santhi Puvanarajah
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and electrophysiological characteristics of various distinctive classical and localised Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) subtypes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical characteristics and electrophysiological data of sixty-one consecutive patients admitted between 2012 and 2015 were systematically analysed and reclassified according to the new GBS clinical classification. Neurophysiology was evaluated with Hadden et al...
July 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444683/-atypical-guillain-barre-syndrome-clustering-is-it-necessary-to-reconsider-the-diagnostic-criteria-and-microbiological-protocol
#3
A Dominguez-Mayoral, C Gutierrez, J M Lopez-Dominguez, S Eichau, J Abril, G Navarro-Mascarell, M A Quesada-Garcia, M Ramos, M Alvarez-Lopez, C Menendez-De Leon, G Izquierdo
INTRODUCTION: Guillain-Barre syndrome is classically defined as a symmetrical ascending acute polyradiculoneuropathy, although there are atypical variants that make diagnosis difficult. CASE REPORTS: The medical data of six patients in our hospital area are collected during the first quarter of 2013. Lumbar punctures, imaging, neurophysiological studies, ganglioside antibodies and serologies have been proposed in all cases. We focus on the atypical features as late hyporeflexia, increased frequency of asymmetry and distal paresis and initial fever...
May 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397145/a-case-of-atypical-ophthalmoplegia-after-chikungunya-fever
#4
Paromita Dutta, Ankita Sharma
PURPOSE: This study aims to report an unusual case of bilateral diffuse ophthalmoplegia with levator sparing, in a patient after an episode of Chikungunya fever. METHODS: Case report of a five-year-old girl with inability to move both eyes along with decreased near vision. RESULT AND CONCLUSION: Bilateral external ophthalmoplegia has been described as a part of the spectrum of ocular manifestations of this arbovirus-associated fever. This is the first report of its kind in a pediatric patient...
April 10, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367386/a-case-of-miller-fisher-syndrome-and-literature-review
#5
Sumera Bukhari, Javier Taboada
Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS)  was first recognized by James Collier in 1932 as a clinical triad of ataxia, areflexia, and ophthalmoplegia. Later, it was described in 1956 by Charles Miller Fisher as a possible variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Here, we write a case of a patient with atypical presentation of this clinical triad as the patient presented with double vision initially due to unilateral ocular involvement that progressed to bilateral ophthalmoplegia. He developed weakness of the lower extremities and areflexia subsequently...
February 22, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284899/diplopia-and-ptosis-after-diarrhea-a-diagnostic-challenge
#6
Thomas Hasler, Astrid Stückelberger, Etienne Ott, Johannes Blum
A woman developed transient diplopia and ptosis of the left eyelid after a Campylobacter infection. The symptoms were interpreted as a Miller Fisher syndrome, a variant of Guillain Barré syndrome.
March 8, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259232/guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Eelco F M Wijdicks, Christopher J Klein
Guillain-Barré syndrome is an acute inflammatory immune-mediated polyradiculoneuropathy presenting typically with tingling, progressive weakness, and pain. Variants and formes frustes may complicate recognition. The best known variant is the sensory ataxic form of Miller Fisher syndrome, which also affects the oculomotor nerves and the brain stem. Divergent pathologic mechanisms lead to demyelinating, axonal, or mixed demyelinating-axonal damage. In the demyelinating form, yet to be identified antigens are inferred by complement activation, myelin destruction, and macrophage-activated cleanup...
March 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236132/double-read-of-skeletal-surveys-in-suspected-non-accidental-trauma-what-we-learned
#8
Boaz Karmazyn, Elise M Miller, Sara E Lay, James M Massey, Matthew R Wanner, Megan B Marine, S Gregory Jennings, Fangqian Ouyang, Roberta A Hibbard
BACKGROUND: Missing a fracture in a child on skeletal surveys for suspected non-accidental trauma can have devastating results. Double-read has the potential to improve fracture detection. However the yield of double-read is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine the advantage of double-read versus single-read of radiographic skeletal surveys for suspected non-accidental trauma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed in two phases. In the first phase (April 2013 to September 2013), double-read was performed for all skeletal surveys obtained during weekday working hours...
February 24, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090073/a-case-of-miller-fisher-syndrome-thromboembolic-disease-and-angioedema-association-or-coincidence
#9
Nooshin Salehi, Eric D Choi, Roger C Garrison
BACKGROUND Miller Fisher Syndrome is characterized by the clinical triad of ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia, and is considered to be a variant of Guillain-Barre Syndrome. Miller Fisher Syndrome is observed in approximately 1-5% of all Guillain-Barre cases in Western countries. Patients with Miller Fisher Syndrome usually have good recovery without residual deficits. Venous thromboembolism is a common complication of Guillain-Barre Syndrome and has also been reported in Miller Fisher Syndrome, but it has generally been reported in the presence of at least one prothrombotic risk factor such as immobility...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067631/schwann-cells-are-activated-by-atp-released-from-neurons-in-an-in-vitro-cellular-model-of-miller-fisher-syndrome
#10
Umberto Rodella, Samuele Negro, Michele Scorzeto, Elisanna Bergamin, Kees Jalink, Cesare Montecucco, Nobuhiro Yuki, Michela Rigoni
The neuromuscular junction is exposed to different types of insult, including mechanical trauma, toxins and autoimmune antibodies and, accordingly, has retained through evolution a remarkable ability to regenerate. Regeneration is driven by multiple signals that are exchanged among the cellular components of the junction. These signals are largely unknown. Miller Fisher syndrome is a variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome caused by autoimmune antibodies specific for epitopes of peripheral axon terminals. Using an animal model of Miller Fisher syndrome, we recently reported that a monoclonal anti-polysialoganglioside GQ1b antibody plus complement damages nerve terminals with production of mitochondrial hydrogen peroxide, which activates Schwann cells...
May 1, 2017: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974981/an-overlapping-case-of-miller-fisher-syndrome-bickerstaff-s-encephalitis-and-the-asman-variant-of-guillain-barre-syndrome
#11
E J Pegg, S K Chhetri, U G Lekwuwa, T Majeed
A 56-year-old man presented with a 3-day history of progressive tingling of the hands, unsteadiness, and diplopia. He was initially diagnosed clinically with Miller Fisher Syndrome (MFS) but later developed limb weakness consistent with Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) and subsequently reduced consciousness consistent with Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis (BBE). Neurophysiology revealed an axonal motor and sensory neuropathy, in keeping with the Acute Motor and Sensory Axonal Neuropathy (AMSAN) variant of GBS...
2016: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844039/increased-prevalence-of-autoimmune-disease-within-c9-and-ftd-mnd-cohorts-completing-the-picture
#12
Zachary A Miller, Virginia E Sturm, Gamze Balci Camsari, Anna Karydas, Jennifer S Yokoyama, Lea T Grinberg, Adam L Boxer, Howard J Rosen, Katherine P Rankin, Maria Luisa Gorno-Tempini, Giovanni Coppola, Daniel H Geschwind, Rosa Rademakers, William W Seeley, Neill R Graff-Radford, Bruce L Miller
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of autoimmune disease in symptomatic C9ORF72 (C9) mutation carriers and frontotemporal dementia with motor neuron disease (FTD/MND) cohorts. METHODS: In this case-control study, we reviewed the clinical histories of 66 patients with FTD/MND and 57 symptomatic C9 carriers (24 overlapping cases), a total of 99 charts, for history of autoimmune disease. The prevalence of autoimmune disease in C9 and FTD/MND cohorts was determined by χ(2) and Fisher exact comparisons between the combined C9 and FTD/MND group with normal control, Alzheimer disease, and progressive supranuclear palsy cohorts, as well as comparisons within C9 and FTD/MND cohorts...
December 2016: Neurology® Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673265/poster-373-a-immunoglobulin-treatment-of-miller-fisher-variant-of-acute-demyelinating-inflammatory-polyneuropathy-with-underlying-chronic-inflammatory-demyelinating-polyneuropathy-a-case-report
#13
John W Hawkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618602/long-term-effect-of-rituximab-in-a-case-with-late-onset-rasmussen%C3%A2-s-encephalitis-with-anti-ganglioside-iggq1b-and-anti-gad-antibodies-positivity-case-report
#14
Gabriela Timarova, Iveta Lisa, Peter Kukumberg
Rasmussen's encephalitis is a rare autoimmune encephalitis usually involving one brain hemisphere, presenting with refractory epileptic seizures, and neurological and cognitive decline. Only 10% of cases start later in adolescence/adulthood. The only effective treatment for refractory seizures in childhood is hemispherectomy. For late-onset cases with mild neurological deficit the hemispherectomy is usually postponed because of its severe consequences. Immunotherapy shows some temporal effect for seizure control and slowing the brain atrophy, mainly in late onset Rasmussen's encephalitis...
July 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616001/top-100-cited-articles-on-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-a-bibliometric-analysis
#15
Jee-Eun Kim, Jong Kuk Kim, Kang Min Park, Yerim Kim, Dae Young Yoon, Jong Seok Bae
Since the first description of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) 100 years ago, the concept of this syndrome has changed remarkably. The purpose of our study was to identify and characterize the most-cited articles that have contributed to advancing the understanding of GBS. Based on the database of Journal Citation Reports, we selected 554 journals that were considered as potential sources of reports on studies related to clinical neurology and general medicine. The Web of Science search tools were used to identify the most-cited articles relevant to GBS or other variants in the selected journals...
December 2016: Journal of the Peripheral Nervous System: JPNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597525/an-animal-model-of-miller-fisher-syndrome-mitochondrial-hydrogen-peroxide-is-produced-by-the-autoimmune-attack-of-nerve-terminals-and-activates-schwann-cells
#16
Umberto Rodella, Michele Scorzeto, Elisa Duregotti, Samuele Negro, Bryan C Dickinson, Christopher J Chang, Nobuhiro Yuki, Michela Rigoni, Cesare Montecucco
The neuromuscular junction is a tripartite synapse composed of the presynaptic nerve terminal, the muscle and perisynaptic Schwann cells. Its functionality is essential for the execution of body movements and is compromised in a number of disorders, including Miller Fisher syndrome, a variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome: this autoimmune peripheral neuropathy is triggered by autoantibodies specific for the polysialogangliosides GQ1b and GT1a present in motor axon terminals, including those innervating ocular muscles, and in sensory neurons...
December 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437164/miller-fisher-syndrome-a-case-report-highlighting-heterogeneity-of-clinical-features-and-focused-differential-diagnosis
#17
Ilya V Yepishin, Randall Z Allison, David A Kaminskas, Natalia M Zagorski, Kore K Liow
Miller Fisher Syndrome (MFS) is a rare variant of Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) that has a geographically variable incidence. It is largely a clinical diagnosis based on the cardinal clinical features of ataxia, areflexia, and opthalmoplegia, however, other neurological signs and symptoms may also be present. Serological confirmation with the anti-GQ1b antibody is available and allows for greater diagnostic certainty in the face of confounding symptoms. A self-limiting course is typical of MFS. The following case report is that of a patient who presented with generalized weakness, somatic pain, inability to walk, and diplopia following an upper respiratory illness...
July 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239355/miller-fisher-syndrome-are-anti-gad-antibodies-implicated-in-its-pathophysiology
#18
Ioannis E Dagklis, Sotirios Papagiannopoulos, Varvara Theodoridou, Dimitrios Kazis, Ourania Argyropoulou, Sevasti Bostantjopoulou
Miller-Fisher syndrome (MFS) is considered as a variant of the Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) and its characteristic clinical features are ophthalmoplegia, ataxia, and areflexia. Typically, it is associated with anti-GQ1b antibodies; however, a significant percentage (>10%) of these patients are seronegative. Here, we report a 67-year-old female patient who presented with the typical clinical features of MFS. Workup revealed antibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) in relatively high titers while GQ1b antibodies were negative...
2016: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26936605/c1q-targeted-inhibition-of-the-classical-complement-pathway-prevents-injury-in-a-novel-mouse-model-of-acute-motor-axonal-neuropathy
#19
Rhona McGonigal, Madeleine E Cunningham, Denggao Yao, Jennifer A Barrie, Sethu Sankaranarayanan, Simon N Fewou, Koichi Furukawa, Ted A Yednock, Hugh J Willison
INTRODUCTION: Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune disease that results in acute paralysis through inflammatory attack on peripheral nerves, and currently has limited, non-specific treatment options. The pathogenesis of the acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) variant is mediated by complement-fixing anti-ganglioside antibodies that directly bind and injure the axon at sites of vulnerability such as nodes of Ranvier and nerve terminals. Consequently, the complement cascade is an attractive target to reduce disease severity...
March 2, 2016: Acta Neuropathologica Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26926844/reply-pharyngeal-cervical-brachial-miller-fisher-overlap-a-possible-central-variant
#20
LETTER
Kai-Zheong Lim, Nirosen Vijiaratnam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Muscle & Nerve
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