Read by QxMD icon Read

Focal adhesion kinase

Yu Zhu, Yingxin Gu, Shichong Qiao, Linyi Zhou, Junyu Shi, Hongchang Lai
Microorganisms are frequently introduced to dental implants during surgery and start the race for the surface with host cells before osseointegration occurs. The aim of the study was to endow implant surfaces with biological functions that reliably select cells over microbes. Nano-structured tantalum (Ta) has exhibited excellent compatibility. Thus, nano-structured Ta films were deposited on the sand-blasted, large grit and acid-etched (SLA) titanium by the magnetron sputtering method, thus forming hierarchical micro/nanostructured surfaces...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Naser Jafari, Qiaodan Zheng, Liqing Li, Wei Li, Lei Qi, Jianyong Xiao, Tianyan Gao, Cai Huang
Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate 5-kinase type I γ (PIPKIγ90) ubiquitination and subsequent degradation regulate focal adhesion assembly, cell migration and invasion. However, it is unknown how upstream signals control PIPKIγ90 ubiquitination or degradation. Here, we show that p70S6K1 (S6K1), a downstream target of mTOR, phosphorylates PIPKIγ90 at T553 and S555, and that S6K1-mediated PIPKIγ90 phosphorylation is essential for cell migration and invasion. Moreover, PIPKIγ90 phosphorylation is required for the development of focal adhesions and invadopodia, key machineries for cell migration and invasion...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Nisha Durand, Ligia I Bastea, Jason Long, Heike Döppler, Kun Ling, Peter Storz
Focal adhesions (FAs) are highly dynamic structures that are assembled and disassembled on a continuous basis. The balance between the two processes mediates various aspects of cell behavior, ranging from cell adhesion and spreading to directed cell migration. The turnover of FAs is regulated at multiple levels and involves a variety of signaling molecules and adaptor proteins. In the present study, we show that in response to integrin engagement, a subcellular pool of Protein Kinase D1 (PKD1) localizes to the FAs...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
Svetlana Demyanenko, Anatoly Uzdensky
In ischemic stroke, cell damage propagates from infarct core to surrounding tissue. To reveal proteins involved in neurodegeneration and neuroprotection, we explored the protein profile in penumbra surrounding the photothrombotic infarct core induced in rat cerebral cortex by local laser irradiation after Bengal Rose administration. Using antibody microarrays, we studied changes in expression of 224 signaling proteins 1, 4, or 24 h after photothrombotic infarct compared with untreated contralateral cortex...
October 22, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Jianhua Zhu, Jing Luo, Yongchao Li, Min Jia, Yueqin Wang, Yan Huang, Shuhong Ke
High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a ubiquitous nuclear protein with multi-functions and plays an important role in tumorigenesis and metastasis in various human cancers. In the present study, we found that HMGB1 induced migration of in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells by up-regulating integrin αvβ3 expression. Further investigation evidenced that HMGB1 activated Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and NF-κB, which was responsible for αvβ3 up-regulation. Furthermore, HMGB1-induced integrin αvβ3 expression led to focal adhesion kinase (FAK) phosphorylation and increased paxillin and talin mRNA expression...
October 18, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Qian Lu, Jihong Wang, Junshu Jiang, Shengnan Wang, Qilan Jia, Yue Wang, Weiping Li, Qin Zhou, Li Lv, Qingwei Li
BACKGROUND: The RGD-toxin protein Lj-RGD3 is a naturally occurring 118 amino acid peptide that can be obtained from the salivary gland of the Lampetra japonica fish. This unique peptide contains 3 RGD (Arg-Gly-Asp) motifs in its primary structure. Lj-RGD3 is available in recombinant form (rLj-RGD3) and can be produced in large quantities using DNA recombination techniques. The pharmacology of the three RGD motif-containing peptides has not been studied. This study investigated the protective effects of rLj-RGD3, a novel polypeptide, against ischemia/reperfusion-induced damage to the brain caused by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in a rat stroke model...
2016: PloS One
Marc A Antonyak, Richard A Cerione
Intercellular communication mediated by extracellular vesicles (EVs), membrane-enclosed packages released by cells, plays important roles in several physiological and pathological settings. Moreover, EVs have been shown to contain molecular signatures that reflect their cell of origin, raising the possibility that EV cargo could potentially be used to diagnose disease. However, for this to occur, a better understanding of the differences between EVs generated by normal and diseased cells is needed. We recently discovered that the content and function of one major class of EVs, microvesicles (MVs), changes upon the induction of oncogenic transformation...
October 18, 2016: Small GTPases
Jasjeet Bhullar, Veena M Bhopale, Ming Yang, Kinjal Sethuraman, Stephen R Thom
This investigation explored the mechanism for microparticles (MPs) production by human and murine platelets exposed to high pressures of inert gases. Results demonstrate that MPs production occurs via an oxidative stress response in a dose-dependent manner and follows the potency series N2 > Ar > He. Gases with higher van der Waals volumes or polarizability such as SF6 and N2O, or hydrostatic pressure, do not cause MPs production. Singlet O2 is generated by N2, Ar and He, which is linked to NADPH oxidase (NOX) activity...
October 14, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Fa-Min Zeng, Yang-Min Xie, Lian-Di Liao, Li-Yan Li, Bo Chen, Jian-Jun Xie, Li-Yan Xu, En-Min Li
The key molecular events that contribute to tumorigenesis are incompletely understood. The aim of the present study was to characterize and compare the biological phenotypes of three human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) and/or human papillomavirus 16 E6 and E7‑immortalized esophageal epithelial cell lines, NE2‑hTERT (NE2), NE3‑E6E7‑hTERT (NE3) and NEcA6‑E6E7‑hTERT (NEcA6). The present study used soft‑agar colony formation assays, tumorigenicity assays in nude mice, and cell proliferation, adhesion and migration assays to identify the biological characteristics of NE2, NE3 and NEcA6 cells...
October 6, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Jing-Yi Li, Li-Li Zheng, Ting-Ting Wang, Min Hu
BACKGROUND: Melanoma is a type of cancer that develops from the pigment-containing cells. Until now, its pathological mechanisms remain largely unknown. The aim of this study was to identify metastasis-related microRNA (miRNAs) and gain an understanding of the biological functions in the metastasis of melanoma. METHODS: We searched the PubMed and Gene Expression Omnibus database to collect miRNA expression profiling datasets about melanoma, with key words of "melanoma", "miRNA", "microarray", and "gene expression profiling"...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Husni Elbahesh, Silke Bergmann, Charles J Russell
Influenza A viruses (IAVs) cause numerous pandemics and yearly epidemics resulting in ~500,000 annual deaths globally. IAV modulates cellular signaling pathways at every step of the infection cycle. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) has been shown to play a critical role in endosomal trafficking of influenza A viruses, yet it is unclear how FAK kinase activity regulates IAV replication. Using mini-genomes derived from H1N1, H5N1 and H7N9 viruses, we dissected RNA replication by IAVs independent of viral entry or release...
October 13, 2016: Virology
Naotaka Nakazawa, Aneesh R Sathe, G V Shivashankar, Michael P Sheetz
Substrate rigidity affects many physiological processes through mechanochemical signals from focal adhesion (FA) complexes that subsequently modulate gene expression. We find that shuttling of the LIM domain (domain discovered in the proteins, Lin11, Isl-1, and Mec-3) protein four-and-a-half LIM domains 2 (FHL2) between FAs and the nucleus depends on matrix mechanics. In particular, on soft surfaces or after the loss of force, FHL2 moves from FAs into the nucleus and concentrates at RNA polymerase (Pol) II sites, where it acts as a transcriptional cofactor, causing an increase in p21 gene expression that will inhibit growth on soft surfaces...
October 14, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Kamil Kowalski, Aleksandra Kołodziejczyk, Maria Helena Sikorska, Jagoda Płaczkiewicz, Paulina Cichosz, Magdalena Kowalewska, Wladyslawa Streminska, Katarzyna Janczyk-Ilach, Marta Koblowska, Anna Fogtman, Roksana Iwanicka-Nowicka, Maria A Ciemerych, Edyta Brzoska
The skeletal muscle regeneration occurs due to the presence of tissue specific stem cells - satellite cells. These cells, localized between sarcolemma and basal lamina, are bound to muscle fibers and remain quiescent until their activation upon muscle injury. Due to pathological conditions, such as extensive injury or dystrophy, skeletal muscle regeneration is diminished. Among the therapies aiming to ameliorate skeletal muscle diseases are transplantations of the stem cells. In our previous studies we showed that Sdf-1 (stromal derived factor -1) increased migration of stem cells and their fusion with myoblasts in vitro...
October 13, 2016: Cell Adhesion & Migration
J C Soria, H K Gan, S P Blagden, R Plummer, H T Arkenau, M Ranson, T R J Evans, G Zalcman, R Bahleda, A Hollebecque, C Lemech, E Dean, J Brown, D Gibson, V Peddareddigari, S Murray, N Nebot, J Mazumdar, L Swartz, K R Auger, R A Fleming, R Singh, M Millward
BACKGROUND: Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is important in cancer growth, survival, invasion, and migration. The purpose of this study was to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD) of the FAK inhibitor, GSK2256098, in cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The dose of GSK2256098 was escalated, in cohorts of patients with advanced cancer, from 80 to 1500 mg, oral twice daily (BID), until the MTD was determined...
October 11, 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Hui Zhao, Wei Wang, Jie Zhang, Tuo Liang, Guang-Pu Fan, Zhi-Wei Wang, Pei-De Zhang, Xu Wang, Jing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Osteopontin (OPN) is a pleiotropic cytokine, which has been shown to a close relationship with cardiac fibrosis. Overexpression of OPN in cardiomyocytes induces dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). This research is to study whether inhibition of OPN could reduce myocardial remodelling in DCM, and if this process is focal adhesion kinase (FAK) dependent, which is recently found an important signal molecule in fibrosis. METHOD: Eight-week-old cTnTR(141W) transgenic mouse of DCM were injected with OPN-shRNA in left ventricular free wall, which could inhibit the OPN expression...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Andrew W Holle, Alistair J McIntyre, Jared Kehe, Piyumi Wijesekara, Jennifer L Young, Ludovic G Vincent, Adam J Engler
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) receive differentiation cues from a number of stimuli, including extracellular matrix (ECM) stiffness. The pathways used to sense stiffness and other physical cues are just now being understood and include proteins within focal adhesions. To rapidly advance the pace of discovery for novel mechanosensitive proteins, we employed a combination of in silico and high throughput in vitro methods to analyze 47 different focal adhesion proteins for cryptic kinase binding sites. High content imaging of hMSCs treated with small interfering RNAs for the top 6 candidate proteins showed novel effects on both osteogenic and myogenic differentiation; Vinculin and SORBS1 were necessary for stiffness-mediated myogenic and osteogenic differentiation, respectively...
October 10, 2016: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
Daria R Bulanova, Yevhen A Akimov, Anne Rokka, Teemu D Laajala, Tero Aittokallio, Petri Kouvonen, Teijo Pellinen, Sergey G Kuznetsov
G-Protein Coupled Receptor (GPCR), Class C, Group 5, Member A (GPRC5A) has been implicated in several malignancies. The underlying mechanisms, however, remain poorly understood. Using a panel of human cell lines, we demonstrate that CRISPR/Cas9-mediated knockout and RNAi-mediated depletion of GPRC5A impairs cell adhesion to integrin substrates: collagens I and IV, fibronectin, as well as to extracellular matrix proteins derived from the Engelbreth-Holm-Swarm (EHS) mouse sarcoma (Matrigel). Consistent with the phenotype, knock-out of GPRC5A correlated with a reduced integrin β1 (ITGB1) protein expression, impaired phosphorylation of the focal adhesion kinase (FAK), and lower activity of small GTPases RhoA and Rac1...
October 7, 2016: Cell Adhesion & Migration
Takayuki Kishi, Taira Mayanagi, Sadahiro Iwabuchi, Toshihide Akasaka, Kenji Sobue
The regulation of cell-substrate adhesion is tightly linked to the malignant phenotype of tumor cells and plays a role in their migration, invasion, and metastasis. Focal adhesions (FAs) are dynamic adhesion structures that anchor the cell to the extracellular matrix. Myocardin-related transcription factors (MRTFs), co-regulators of the serum response factor (SRF), regulate expression of a set of genes encoding actin cytoskeletal/FA-related proteins. Here we demonstrated that the forced expression of a constitutively active MRTF-A (CA-MRTF-A) in B16F10 melanoma cells induced the up-regulation of actin cytoskeletal and FA proteins, resulting in FA reorganization and the suppression of cell migration...
September 30, 2016: Oncotarget
Mengsi Hu, Minghua Fan, Junhui Zhen, Jiangong Lin, Qun Wang, Zhimei Lv, Rong Wang
Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase that regulates cell adhesion, proliferation and differentiation. In the present study, a rat model of high fat diet-induced hypercholesterolaemia was established to investigate the involvement of FAK in lipid disorder-related kidney diseases. We showed focal fusion of podocyte foot process that occurred at as early as 4 weeks in rats consuming high fat diet, preceding the onset of proteinuria when aberrant phosphorylation of FAK was found...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Huairong Zhang, Bo Gao, Bingyin Shi
Aim. We aim to identify protein kinases involved in the pathophysiology of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) in order to provide potential therapeutic targets for kinase inhibitors and unfold possible molecular mechanisms. Materials and Methods. The gene expression profile of GSE27155 was analyzed to identify differentially expressed genes and mapped onto human protein kinases database. Correlation of kinases with PTC was addressed by systematic literature search, GO and KEGG pathway analysis. Results. The functional enrichment analysis indicated that "mitogen-activated protein kinases pathway" expression was extremely enriched, followed by "neurotrophin signaling pathway," "focal adhesion," and "GnRH signaling pathway...
2016: Disease Markers
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"