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Jones fracture

Paige A Culotta, James E Crowe, Quynh-Anh Tran, Jeremy Y Jones, Amy R Mehollin-Ray, H Brandon Tran, Marcella Donaruma-Kwoh, Cristina T Dodge, Elizabeth A Camp, Andrea T Cruz
BACKGROUND: Young children with suspected abusive head trauma often receive skull radiographs to evaluate for fractures as well as computed tomography (CT) of the head to assess for intracranial injury. Using a CT as the primary modality to evaluate both fracture and intracranial injury could reduce exposure to radiation without sacrificing performance. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sensitivity of CT head with (3-D) reconstruction compared to skull radiographs to identify skull fractures in children with suspected abusive head trauma...
October 15, 2016: Pediatric Radiology
Andrew R Hsu, Robert B Anderson
Physicians need to be aware of a variety of foot and ankle injuries that commonly occur in American football, including turf toe, Jones fractures, Lisfranc injuries, syndesmotic and deltoid disruption, and Achilles ruptures. These injuries are often complex and require early individual tailoring of treatment and rehabilitation protocols. Successful management and return to play requires early diagnosis, a thorough work-up, and prompt surgical intervention when warranted with meticulous attention to restoration of normal foot and ankle anatomy...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Louis V DeFazio, Guido A LaPorta
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Calcaneal fractures are a serious injury with significant associated morbidity. Bilateral calcaneal fractures complicate issues even further, due to the physical disability that the patient is left with. One of the major issues with any calcaneal fracture is the risk of soft tissue compromise caused by the traumatic nature of the injury. A percutaneous approach allows the soft tissue envelope to remain viable, while still fixating the fractures. The purpose of this presentation is to highlight the use of percutaneous repair, the role of external fixation in calcaneal fractures, and lastly discuss the outcome for this particular patient...
September 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Fredric D Wolinsky, Yiyue Lou, Stephanie W Edmonds, Sylvie F Hall, Michael P Jones, Nicole C Wright, Kenneth G Saag, Peter Cram, Douglas W Roblin
In cross-sectional studies, patient activation has been associated with better health behaviors, health outcomes, and health-care experiences. Moreover, tailored interventions have led to clinically meaningful improvements in patient activation, as well as health outcomes over time. We tested whether a tailored patient-activation letter communicating bone mineral density (BMD) test results plus an educational brochure improved patient activation scores and levels at 12 and 52 wk post-baseline as the mechanism leading to enhanced bone healthcare...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
Peter Nolte, Robert Anderson, Elton Strauss, Zhe Wang, Liuyi Hu, Zekun Xu, R Grant Steen
INTRODUCTION: Whether to treat metatarsal fractures conservatively or surgically is controversial. We test a hypothesis that metatarsal fractures treated conservatively with non-invasive low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) obtain heal rates comparable to current surgical techniques. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective observational cohort study, using patient outcomes from a prospectively-collected LIPUS registry required by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration...
September 13, 2016: Injury
K Thirunavukkarasu, C A Swearingen, J L Oskins, C Lin, H H Bui, S B Jones, L A Pfeifer, B H Norman, P G Mitchell, M G Chambers
OBJECTIVE: Autotaxin is a secreted lysophospholipase that mediates the conversion of lysophosphatidyl choline (LPC) to lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), a bioactive lipid mediator. Autotaxin levels in plasma and synovial fluid correlate with disease severity in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The goal of this study was to develop and characterize a novel small molecule inhibitor of autotaxin to inhibit LPA production in vivo and determine its efficacy in animal models of musculoskeletal pain...
September 13, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
Armin Arshi, Jeremiah R Cohen, Jeffrey C Wang, Sharon L Hame, David R McAllister, Kristofer J Jones
BACKGROUND: Treatment of patellofemoral instability has evolved as our understanding of the relevant pathoanatomy has improved. In light of these developments, current practice patterns and management trends have likely changed to reflect these advancements; however, this has not been evaluated in a formal study. PURPOSE: To determine nationwide patient demographics, surgical trends, and postoperative complications associated with the operative management of patellar instability surgery...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Sarah D Linnstaedt, JunMei Hu, Andrea Y Liu, April C Soward, Kenneth A Bollen, Henry E Wang, Phyllis L Hendry, Erin Zimny, Christopher Lewandowski, Marc-Anthony Velilla, Kathia Damiron, Claire Pearson, Robert Domeier, Sangeeta Kaushik, James Feldman, Mark Rosenberg, Jeffrey Jones, Robert Swor, Niels Rathlev, Samuel A McLean
INTRODUCTION: A motor vehicle collision (MVC) is one of the most common life-threatening events experienced by individuals living in the USA. While most individuals recover following MVC, a significant proportion of individuals develop adverse post-traumatic sequelae such as post-traumatic stress disorder or persistent musculoskeletal pain. Adverse post-traumatic sequelae are common, morbid and costly public health problems in the USA and other industrialised countries. The pathogenesis of these disorders following MVC remains poorly understood...
2016: BMJ Open
Derek A Jones, James P Gaewsky, Mireille E Kelley, Ashley A Weaver, Anna N Miller, Joel D Stitzel
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to reconstruct 4 real-world motor vehicle crashes (MVCs), 2 with lumbar vertebral fractures and 2 without vertebral fractures in order to elucidate the MVC and/or restraint variables that increase this injury risk. METHODS: A finite element (FE) simplified vehicle model (SVM) was used in conjunction with a previously developed semi-automated tuning method to arrive at 4 SVMs that were tuned to mimic frontal crash responses of a 2006 Chevrolet Cobalt, 2012 Ford Escape, 2007 Hummer H3, and 2002 Chevrolet Cavalier...
September 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Kai B Kang, Scott Jones, Amjad Ahmad, Heather E Moss
We report a case of a 16 year-old healthy male, who experienced loss of vision in the right eye immediately after getting punched by a fist. His visual acuity improved to 20/20 within hours, and the optic nerve head appeared normal. CT scan of the orbits showed fractures of the right inferior orbital wall and lamina papyracea. The morning after the injury, he awoke with right eye vision decline to count fingers. There was pallid optic nerve swelling. MRI scan of the orbits showed right medial rectus enlargement and no optic canal abnormalities...
2016: Neuro-ophthalmology
Stephanie W Edmonds, Peter Cram, Yiyue Lou, Michael P Jones, Douglas W Roblin, Kenneth G Saag, Nicole C Wright, Fredric D Wolinsky
BACKGROUND: Undiagnosed, or diagnosed and untreated osteoporosis (OP) increases the likelihood that falls result in hip fractures, decreased quality of life (QOL), and significant medical expenditures among older adults. We tested whether a tailored dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) test result letter and an accompanying educational bone-health brochure affected patient satisfaction, QOL, or OP knowledge. METHODS: The Patient Activation after DXA Result Notification (PAADRN) study was a double-blinded, pragmatic, randomized trial which enrolled patients from 2012 to 2014...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Ashley K Losing, Justin M Jones, Adis Keric, Steven E Briggs, David D Leedahl
Ketamine is a promising alternative agent for pain control that offers benefit to traditional strategies, particularly in the setting of rib fracture. Current pharmacologic therapies have clear adverse effects, and other options may be invasive, cost prohibitive, or marginally effective. We describe three consecutive patients with traumatic injuries including rib fracture for which a ketamine infusion was utilized as part of their pain control strategy.  For each patient, use of a ketamine infusion trended toward reduced opioid requirements with stable pain scores...
July 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
Thai Lan N Tran, Karen J Brasel, Riyad Karmy-Jones, Susan Rowell, Martin A Schreiber, David V Shatz, Roxie M Albrecht, Mitchell J Cohen, Marc A DeMoya, Walter L Biffl, Ernest E Moore, Nicholas Namias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 18, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Suzanne Barker-Collo, Alice Theadom, Kelly Jones, Valery L Feigin, Michael Kahan
BACKGROUND: Use of International Classification of Disease (ICD) codes for traumatic brain injury (TBI) in healthcare administrative databases may underestimate the epidemiology of TBI. The present study examined the use of ICD-10 codes in a population-based New Zealand sample. METHODS: TBI related ICD-codes within the New Zealand health database were examined for all incident cases from a population-based TBI sample (n = 1,369). Impact of age, gender, ethnicity, presence/absence of skull fracture, where the case was located (i...
2016: Neuroepidemiology
Morgan Jones, Hean Wu Kang, Christopher O'Neill, Paul Maginn
Radial nerve injury is a recognised complication associated with humeral shaft fracture. A case of iatrogenic radial nerve injury is presented following fracture reduction. The relevant anatomy, challenges in management of humeral fractures with associated radial nerve injury, and the importance of detailed clinical assessment and documentation are discussed.
2016: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
Christiane G Kruppa, Justin D Khoriaty, Debra L Sietsema, Marcel Dudda, Thomas A Schildhauer, Clifford B Jones
INTRODUCTION: With an incidence of less than 0.2% of all pediatric fractures, pelvic ring injuries are rare. Historically they were conservatively treated, but because malunion and long-term morbidity are associated with unstable injuries, a trend towards operative treatment can be observed. The purpose was to determine clinical and radiographic outcomes following these complex pediatric pelvic ring injuries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This Level IV retrospective analysis was completed at a private orthopaedic practice in association with a Level One teaching trauma center...
October 2016: Injury
Martin F Hoffmann, Debra L Sietsema, Clifford B Jones
INTRODUCTION: Different reasons for lost to follow-up are assumed. Besides "objective" reasons, "subjective" reasons and satisfaction contribute to treatment adherence. Retrospective studies usually lack the possibility of acquisition of additional outcome information. Purpose of this study was to determine outcome and factors for patients not returning for follow-up. METHODS: Between 2002 and 2009, 380 patients underwent internal fixation for tibial plateau fractures...
July 21, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Al-Achraf Khoriati, Carl Jones, Yael Gelfer, Alex Trompeter
The definitive treatment of paediatric femoral diaphyseal fractures remains controversial. Modalities of treatment vary mostly according to age, with fracture pattern and site having a lesser impact. Current evidence is reflective of this variation with most evidence cited by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons being level 4 or 5. The authors present a review of the most up-to-date evidence relating to the treatment of these fractures in each age group. In an attempt to clarify the current trends, we have produced an algorithm for decision-making based on the experience from our own tertiary referral level 1 major trauma centre...
August 2016: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
Veronique D Hauschild, Anna Schuh, Bonnie J Taylor, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Bruce H Jones
Although falls continue to be a leading mechanism of serious injuries among military populations, interventions must target activities or hazards that can be controlled or managed. This project aimed to identify activities most frequently associated with Army soldier fall-related injuries to prioritize prevention strategies for this substantial health burden. Narrative data from Army safety, medical evacuation, and casualty reporting systems were reviewed to select incidents meeting inclusion criteria and assign established codes...
June 2016: MSMR
Kohei Fujitaka, Akira Taniguchi, Shinji Isomoto, Norihiro Samoto, Kazuya Sugimoto, Tsukasa Kumai, Yasuhito Tanaka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
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