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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921481/negative-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-three-cases-of-anterior-tibial-cortex-stress-fractures
#1
Ralph Smith, M Moghal, J L Newton, N Jones, J Teh
Anterior mid-tibial cortex stress fractures (ATCSF) are uncommon and notoriously challenging to treat. They are termed high risk due to their predilection to prolonged recovery, nonunion and complete fracture. Early diagnosis is essential to avoid progression and reduce fracture complications. Imaging plays a key role in confirming the diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is accepted as the gold standard modality due to its high accuracy and nonionizing properties. This report describes three cases of ATCSFs in recreational athletes who had positive radiographic findings with no significant MRI changes...
September 18, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890064/evaluating-the-utilization-of-prophylactic-inferior-vena-cava-filters-in-trauma-patients
#2
Lloyd M Jones, Quyen D Chu, Navdeep Samra, Bo Hu, Wayne W Zhang, Tze-Woei Tan
BACKGROUND: The lack of evidence-based guidelines on the use of prophylactic inferior vena cava filters (IVCF) in patients after trauma has led to variation of its application. We seek to understand the national trend of the use of prophylactic IVCF in a trauma population. 

 METHODS: A retrospective review of the National Trauma Databank (2002-2014) was performed to identify patients who received an IVCF after trauma. Those without a pre-existing venous thromboembolism (VTE) or discharge diagnosis of VTE were classified as receiving prophylactic IVCF...
September 7, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870623/development-of-fracture-liaison-services-what-have-we-learned
#3
K E Shipman, A Doyle, H Arden, T Jones, N J Gittoes
Due to dramatic improvements in life expectancy we are seeing a rapidly growing population of older people. Increasing frailty and susceptibility to fragility fractures are becoming pressing issues for both the individuals that suffer them as well as society, through pressures on health and social care budgets. The success of fracture liaison services, co-ordinated programmes enhancing the management of the fracture, osteoporosis, frailty and falls risk, is undisputed. To achieve optimal outcomes, however, it is important to have a standardisation of design, scope and structure of the service...
September 1, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843290/safe-return-to-driving-after-volar-plating-of-distal-radius-fractures
#4
Christopher M Jones, Randle W Ramsey, Asif Ilyas, Jack Abboudi, William Kirkpatrick, Thomas Kalina, Charles Leinberry
PURPOSE: A major concern for patients following distal radius fracture fixation is when they can resume driving. This decision has medical, legal, and safety considerations, but there are no evidence-based guidelines to assist the surgeon. The goal of this study was to observe when patients are capable of safely resuming driving following surgical fixation of the distal radius. METHODS: Patients undergoing volar plating of a distal radius fracture were prospectively enrolled...
September 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840151/epidemiology-of-navicular-injury-at-the-nfl-combine-and-their-impact-on-an-athlete-s-prospective-nfl-career
#5
Bryan Vopat, Brendin R Beaulieu-Jones, Gregory Waryasz, Kevin J McHale, George Sanchez, Catherine A Logan, James M Whalen, Christopher W DiGiovanni, Matthew T Provencher
BACKGROUND: Navicular injuries can result in persistent pain, posttraumatic osteoarthritis, and diminished performance and function. PURPOSE: To determine the epidemiology of navicular fracture in players participating in the National Football League (NFL) Scouting Combine and evaluate the impact of a navicular injury on the NFL draft position and NFL game play compared with matched controls. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
August 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817157/extent-and-morbidity-of-lateralization-of-a-trochanteric-fixation-nail-blade
#6
Phillip A Sandifer, Robert M Hulick, Matthew L Graves, Clay A Spitler, George V Russell, Josie M Hydrick, LaRita C Jones, Patrick F Bergin
This study examined the incidence and risk factors associated with lateral helical blade migration and trochanteric pain with the trochanteric fixation nail. A retrospective review was performed of 141 cases of pertrochanteric femur fracture treated with a trochanteric fixation nail at a level I trauma center over a period of 42 months. Exclusion criteria included follow-up of less than 60 days, preexisting osteonecrosis of the femoral head, and prophylactic trochanteric fixation nail treatment. Patient demographics, operative findings, and radiographic findings were recorded...
August 17, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812014/surgical-approach-may-influence-survival-of-large-diameter-head-metal-on-metal-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-6-to-10-year-follow-up-study
#7
Chih-Chien Hu, Tsan-Wen Huang, Shih-Jie Lin, Po-Chun Lin, Feng-Chih Kuo, Kuo-Ti Peng, Kuo-Chin Huang, Hsin-Nung Shih, Mel S Lee
Large-diameter head (LDH) metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) has lost popularity because of metal allergy or ALTRs (adverse local tissue reactions) in the past decade. Whether the surgical approach may influence the survival of LDH-MoM-THA has not been reported. From 2006 to 2009, we performed 96 LDH-MoM-THAs on 80 patients using an in situ head-neck assembly technique through a modified Watson-Jones approach. With a mean follow-up of 8.4 years (range, 6.3-10.1 years), the implant survival rate was 100%...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802536/incidence-of-glove-perforation-during-hand-surgical-procedures
#8
Kevin F Lutsky, Christopher Jones, Jack Abboudi, William Kirkpatrick, Fred Liss, Charles Leinberry, Asif Ilyas, Dennis Martin, Pedro K Beredjiklian
PURPOSE: To determine the rate of glove perforation during hand surgery. METHODS: We prospectively examined the rate of glove perforations among 10 fellowship-trained hand surgeons at our institution during a 6 week period. Gloves were tested for perforation using a water-fill technique at the conclusion of each surgical procedure. Surgeons recorded the presence of any glove perforations. RESULTS: Eleven perforations were identified in 10 gloves among 600 surgical procedures during the study period...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783777/orthophosphorus-contributions-to-total-phosphorus-concentrations-and-loads-in-iowa-agricultural-watersheds
#9
Keith E Schilling, Sea-Won Kim, Christopher S Jones, Calvin F Wolter
Phosphorus (P) is delivered to streams as episodic particulate P and more continuous soluble P (orthophosphorus [OP]), and it is important to determine the proportion of each P form in river water to more effectively design remedial measures. In this study, we evaluated the annual mean ratios of OP to total P (TP) concentrations and loads in 12 Iowa rivers and found systematic variation in the ratios. The OP/TP ratios were >60% in two tile-drained watersheds of the Des Moines Lobe and in a shallow fractured bedrock watershed in northeast Iowa, whereas in southern and western Iowa, OP contributions to TP were <30%...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717816/prospective-associations-of-low-muscle-mass-and-function-with-10-year-falls-risk-incident-fracture-and-mortality-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#10
S Balogun, T Winzenberg, K Wills, D Scott, G Jones, D Aitken, M L Callisaya
OBJECTIVES: Purpose: To compare the performance of low muscle mass and function with falls risk, incident fracture and mortality over 10 years. METHODS: 1041 participants (50% women; mean age 63±7.5 years) were prospectively followed for 10 years. Falls risk was measured using the Physiological Profile Assessment, fractures were self-reported and mortality was ascertained from the death registry. Appendicular lean mass (ALM) was assessed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677405/a-retrospective-case-series-of-carbon-fiber-plate-fixation-of-ankle-fractures
#11
Zachariah W Pinter, Kenneth S Smith, Parke W Hudson, Caleb W Jones, Ryan Hadden, Osama Elattar, Ashish Shah
Distal fibula fractures represent a common problem in orthopaedics. When fibula fractures require operative fixation, implants are typically made from stainless steel or titanium alloys. Carbon fiber implants have been used elsewhere in orthopaedics for years, and their advantages include a modulus of elasticity similar to that of bone, biocompatibility, increased fatigue strength, and radiolucency. This study hypothesized that carbon fiber plates would provide similar outcomes for ankle fracture fixation as titanium and steel implants...
July 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632662/treatment-of-incomplete-jones-fractures-with-low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-lipus
#12
Tateishi Tomohiko, Tsuyoshi Nagase, Teruhiko Nakagawa, Tsuchiya Masamitsu
OBJECTIVE: Stress fractures of the proximal epiphysis of the fifth metatarsal bone (termed Jones fracture) frequently occur in both senior high-school-age and older contestant-level soccer players, and its incidence in Japanese soccer players is higher than that in European players. Surgery is most commonly indicated for a complete fracture, and about 3 months are required before the patient is able to return to the sport. We have performed a "Jones fracture screening" to reduce the incidence of these fractures...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632657/role-of-computed-tomography-in-the-classification-of-pediatric-pelvic-fractures-revisited
#13
Melissa A Bent, William L Hennrikus, Johan E Latorre, Douglas G Armstrong, Brian Shaw, Kerwyn C Jones, Lee S Segal
OBJECTIVES: To determine the need for computerized tomography (CT) scans in the assessment of pediatric pelvic fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective Chart Review. SETTING: Level-1 Pediatric Trauma Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Thirty pediatric trauma patients with pelvic fractures who have obtained both a radiograph and CT scan. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Fleiss Kappa coefficient to compare interreliability...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624555/sacral-neuromodulation-device-heating-during-lumbar-and-pelvic-magnetic-resonance-imaging-a-phantom-study
#14
Adrienne Quirouet, Pallab K Bhattacharyya, Elodi J Dielubanza, Bradley C Gill, Stephen E Jones, Howard B Goldman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate radiofrequency-induced temperature rises associated with performing lumbar and pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies with an implanted sacral neuromodulation device using a phantom model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An accepted phantom model of radiofrequency-induced heating in human tissue was used to measure the temperature rise in the stimulator lead electrodes and impulse generator under the conditions used during routine clinical lumbar and pelvic MRIs in a 1...
June 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602783/patient-reported-reasons-for-nonadherence-to-recommended-osteoporosis-pharmacotherapy
#15
Sylvie F Hall, Stephanie W Edmonds, Yiyue Lou, Peter Cram, Douglas W Roblin, Kenneth G Saag, Nicole C Wright, Michael P Jones, Fredric D Wolinsky
OBJECTIVES: As many as one-half of patients recommended for osteoporosis pharmacotherapy do not take their medications. To identify intervention targets, we examined patient characteristics associated with nonadherence to recommended pharmacotherapy and their reasons for nonadherence. METHODS: Data come from the Patient Activation after DXA Result Notification (PAADRN) study, a randomized controlled trial of 7749 patients aged 50 years or older presenting for dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at 3 health centers in the United States...
July 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600328/multicenter-experience-evaluating-transcatheter-pulmonary-valve-replacement-in-bovine-jugular-vein-contegra-right-ventricle-to-pulmonary-artery-conduits
#16
Brian H Morray, Doff B McElhinney, Younes Boudjemline, Marc Gewillig, Dennis W Kim, Elena K Grant, Martin L Bocks, Mary H Martin, Aimee K Armstrong, Darren Berman, Saar Danon, Mark Hoyer, Jeffrey W Delaney, Henri Justino, Athar M Qureshi, Jeffery J Meadows, Thomas K Jones
BACKGROUND: Follow-up of transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) with the Melody valve has demonstrated good short-term and long-term outcomes, but there are no published studies focused on valve performance in the Contegra bovine jugular vein conduit. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a retrospective, multicenter study of the short- and intermediate-term outcomes of Melody TPVR within the Contegra conduit in the right ventricle to pulmonary artery position...
June 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594586/differences-in-function-and-fracture-risk-in-postmenopausal-women-with-and-without-a-recent-distal-radius-fracture
#17
Katie L Crockett, Saija Kontulainen, Jon Farthing, Phil Chilibeck, Brenna Bath, Adam Baxter-Jones, Cathy Arnold
A distal radius fracture (DRF) is commonly the first fracture to occur in early postmenopausal women. The reasons for sustaining a DRF may be related to fall risk, bone fragility or both. The objective of this study was to compare functional and fracture risk status in postmenopausal women with and without a recent DRF and explore the relationships between function, grip strength and fracture risk status. METHODS: Seventy-seven women age 50-78 with (n=32) and without (n=45) a history of DRF in the past 2 years participated...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579126/forefoot-adduction-is-a-risk-factor-for-jones-fracture
#18
Adam E Fleischer, Rebecca Stack, Erin E Klein, Jeffrey R Baker, Lowell Weil, Lowell Scott Weil
Jones fractures are among the most common fractures of the foot; however, much remains unknown about their etiology. The purpose of the present study was to further examine the risk factors of forefoot and hindfoot alignment on Jones fractures using an epidemiologic study design. We used a retrospective, matched, case-control study design. Cases consisted of patients with acute, isolated Jones fractures confirmed on plain film radiographs seen at our institute from January 2009 to December 2013. Patients presenting with pain unrelated to metatarsal fractures served as controls...
September 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545727/postoperative-weight-bearing-and-patient-reported-outcomes-at-one-year-following-tibial-plateau-fractures
#19
Dominic Thewlis, Francois Fraysse, Stuart A Callary, Viju Daniel Verghese, Claire F Jones, David M Findlay, Gerald J Atkins, Mark Rickman, Lucian B Solomon
Tibial plateau fractures are complex and the current evidence for postoperative rehabilitation is weak, especially related to the recommended postoperative weight bearing. The primary aim of this study was to investigate if loading in the first 12 weeks of recovery is associated with patient reported outcome measures at 26 and 52 weeks postoperative. We hypothesized that there would be no association between loading and patient reported outcome measures. Seventeen patients, with a minimum of 52-week follow-up following fragment-specific open reduction and internal fixation for tibial plateau fracture, were selected for this retrospective analysis...
July 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523940/delay-in-estrogen-commencement-is-associated-with-lower-bone-mineral-density-in-turner-syndrome
#20
H H Nguyen, P Wong, B J Strauss, G Jones, P R Ebeling, F Milat, A Vincent
OBJECTIVE: Turner syndrome (TS) is associated with hypogonadism, osteoporosis and fractures. We investigated the prevalence and risk factors for low bone density and fractures in a TS cohort. METHODS: We included 76 TS patients (median age 28.5 years) attending a tertiary hospital between 1998 and 2015 who underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Spine and femoral neck (FN) areal bone mineral density (aBMD) were compared with those of a control group. To adjust for smaller bone size, bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) was calculated...
May 19, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
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