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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457408/-double-plate-fixation-via-combined-approaches-for-the-treatment-of-old-tibial-plateau-fractures-of-schatzker-type-iv
#1
Hong-Lue Tan, Peng-Yi Dai, Wei-Feng Liu, Yan-Hao Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical efficacy of double-plate fixation for the treatment of old tibial plateau fractures with Schatzker type IV through anterior midline and posteromedial approaches. METHODS: From July 2013 to July 2015, 15 patients with old tibial plateau fractures were treated with internal fixation using locking reconstructive plate for the posteromedial fragment and anatomical locking plate for anteromedial fragment through antero midline and posteromedial approaches...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456708/meniscal-allograft-transplantation-using-a-novel-all-arthroscopic-technique-with-specifically-designed-instrumentation
#2
Ya-Dong Zhang, Shu-Xun Hou, Hong-Bin Zhong, Yi-Chao Zhang, Dian-Zhong Luo
The present study describes a novel all-arthroscopic technique for medial and lateral meniscal allograft transplantation (MAT). Surgical instruments were specifically designed to assist in the all-arthroscopic approach for MAT. The bone plug attachment technique, either the arthroscopic-assisted or all-arthroscopic approach, attaches bone plugs to the anterior and posterior horns. In the present study, two sets of surgical implements were designed: One to produce bone plugs of predefined sizes in the anterior and posterior horns of the allograft meniscus (bone plug implements) and a second to create bone tunnels in the receptor tibial plateau to hold the bone plugs (bone tunnel implements)...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456371/rarely-encountered-seldom-considered-posterior-tibial-nerve-schwannoma-mimicking-lumbar-radiculopathy
#3
Dhruv Kumar Agarwal, Eswararao Thamatapu, Sugat Sanyal, Prasad Krishnan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456068/magnetic-resonance-imaging-diagnosis-of-medial-meniscal-ramp-lesions-in-patients-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries
#4
Kazuhisa Hatayama, Masanori Terauchi, Kenichi Saito, Jun Aoki, Satoshi Nonaka, Hiroshi Higuchi
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for diagnosing ramp lesions, to compare them between 1.5- and 3-T MRI, and to evaluate whether bone contusion of the posterior lip of the medial tibial plateau was associated with ramp lesions. METHODS: For 155 knees that underwent primary ACL reconstruction, we prospectively examined for ramp lesions and medial meniscal body tears on MRI. MRI diagnosis of ramp lesions required high signal irregularity of the capsular margin or separation in the meniscocapsular junction of the medial meniscus posterior horn on sagittal images...
February 15, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455498/-radiologic-observation-of-the-blood-supply-changes-around-the-knee-with-osteoarthritis
#5
Jin-Song Liu, Zhi-Yao Li
OBJECTIVE: To compare blood supply changes around the knee joint between normal and osteoarthritis knee. METHODS: From June 2014 to June 2015, 30 patients with knee osteoarthritis and 30 healthy adults were recruited. In osteoarthritis group, there were 9 males and 21 females, with a mean age of (65.967±7.132) years old(ranged, 53 to 82 years old), and the mean arterial pressure was(93.462±7.633) mmHg. In control group, there were 9 males and 21 females, with a mean age of (62...
August 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451811/role-of-tendoscopy-in-treating-stage-ii-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction
#6
Alessio Bernasconi, Francesco Sadile, Matthew Welck, Nazim Mehdi, Julien Laborde, François Lintz
BACKGROUND: Stage II tibialis posterior tendon dysfunction (PTTD) resistant to conservative therapies is usually treated with invasive surgery. Posterior tibial tendoscopy is a novel technique being used in the assessment and treatment of posterior tibial pathology. The aims of this study were (1) to clarify the role of posterior tibial tendon tendoscopy in treating stage II PTTD, (2) to arthroscopically classify spring ligament lesions, and (3) to compare the arthroscopic assessment of spring ligament lesions with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonographic (US) data...
February 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449003/upper-partial-fibulectomy-improves-knee-biomechanics-and-function-and-decreases-knee-pain-of-osteoarthritis-a-pilot-and-biomechanical-study
#7
Yong Nie, Jun Ma, ZeYu Huang, Bin Xu, Shuo Tang, Bin Shen, Virginia Byers Kraus, FuXing Pei
To investigate the change in clinical outcomes and biomechanical properties of the knee in response to upper partial fibulectomy. Sixteen patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (KOA) underwent upper partial fibulectomy. Visual analog scale (VAS) pain, the hospital for special surgery knee score (HSS), hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle (measured in the frontal plane), and flexion/extension range of motion of the knee were assessed before and up to 6 months after surgery. Patients were evaluated for gait parameters and overall peak knee adduction moment (KAM)...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445968/arthroscopic-direct-meniscal-extrusion-reduction-surgical-tips-to-reduce-persistent-meniscal-extrusion-in-meniscal-root-repair
#8
Bancha Chernchujit, Renaldi Prasetia
Meniscal extrusion (ME) is defined as extension of the meniscal margin by at least 3 mm beyond the tibial margin. The main purpose of meniscal root repair is to restore the anatomy and function of the meniscus. Therefore, the reduction in the ME is one of the important objective outcomes. Nevertheless, the reduced meniscal extrusion was obtained in limited patients after meniscal root repair. This technical note described the arthroscopic direct meniscal extrusion reduction as surgical tips to reduce persistent meniscal extrusion in posterior meniscal root repair...
February 14, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439600/initial-experience-with-the-outback-catheter-for-targeted-reentry-during-subintimal-angioplasty-of-the-infragenicular-arteries
#9
Athanasios Diamantopoulos, Serafino Santonocito, Narayanan Thulasidasan, Panos Gkoutzios, Irfan Ahmed, Hany Zayed, Konstantinos Katsanos
PURPOSE: To report use of the Outback reentry device for targeted distal reentry during subintimal recanalization of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) in the infragenicular arteries. METHODS: During an 18-month period, the Outback device was applied in 10 patients (mean age 71.8±18.8 years; 8 men) to achieve reentry at the infragenicular segment following either unsuccessful spontaneous reentry after subintimal crossing of a CTO or when a targeted reentry was desired...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433583/mid-term-survivorship-of-cruciate-retaining-versus-posterior-stabilized-total-knee-arthroplasty-using-modular-mini-keel-tibial-implants
#10
Cheng-Pang Yang, Kuo-Yao Hsu, Yu-Han Chang, Yi-Sheng Chan, Hsin-Nung Shih, Alvin Chao-Yu Chen
BACKGROUND: Reports of diverse outcomes in modular mini-keel tibial componentry for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have raised concerns about early aseptic loosening. Cruciate-retaining (CR) prostheses, using mini-keel implants, have yet to be reported and compared to posterior-stabilizing (PS) designs. METHODS: A retrospective, case-matched study of 91 consecutive TKAs (n = 46 CR; n = 45 PS prostheses), using modular mini-keel tibial componentry with a 45-mm drop down stem extension, was conducted...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433381/collateral-circulation-between-angiosomes-in-the-feet-of-diabetic-patients
#11
Erkan Orhan, Ömer Özçağlayan
Objectives The main factor in the healing of foot ulcers in diabetic patients is adequate perfusion. There is no consensus on whether direct or indirect revascularization is more effective in leg revascularization. At the centre of that debate, there is a disagreement about whether collateral circulation is sufficient or not. Our aim is to evaluate collateral circulation activity between angiosomes in the feet of diabetic patients by evaluating the level of occlusion in leg arteries and comparing the angiosome regions that have necrosis...
January 1, 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430489/posterior-cruciate-ligament-current-concepts-review
#12
REVIEW
Santiago Pache, Zachary S Aman, Mitchell Kennedy, Gilberto Yoshinobu Nakama, Gilbert Moatshe, Connor Ziegler, Robert F LaPrade
The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is the largest and strongest ligament in the human knee, and the primary posterior stabilizer. Recent anatomy and biomechanical studies have provided an improved understanding of PCL function. PCL injuries are typically combined with other ligamentous, meniscal and chondral injuries. Stress radiography has become an important and validated objective measure in surgical decision making and post-operative assessment. Isolated grade I or II PCL injuries can usually be treated non-operatively...
January 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430394/both-posterior-root-lateral-medial-meniscus-tears-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-rupture-the-step-by-step-systematic-arthroscopic-repair%C3%A2-technique
#13
Bancha Chernchujit, Renaldi Prasetia
The occurrence of posterior root tear of both the lateral and medial menisci, combined with anterior cruciate ligament rupture, is rare. Problems may be encountered such as the difficulty to access the medial meniscal root tear, the confusing circumstances about which structure to repair first, and the possibility of the tunnel for each repair to become taut inside the tibial bone. We present the arthroscopy technique step by step to overcome the difficulties in an efficient and time-preserving manner.
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429245/-effects-of-expanded-anterolateral-approach-for-tibial-plateau-fractures-involved-the-posterolateral-column
#14
Y W Zhao, J B Xie, G Z Ding
Objective: To explore the short-term effects of expanded anterolateral approach in treating fracture involved the posterolateral tibial plateau. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the clinical data from 16 patients undergoing extended anterolateral approach for fracture involved the posterolateral tibial plateau in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College between January 2013 and July 2016 was done. The patients were treated with 3.5 mm proximal "L" type proximal tibial locking compression plate with four locking screws through the nail row technique...
January 30, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428984/tibial-component-coverage-and-rotational-alignment-accuracy-after-mobile-bearing-total-knee-arthroplasty
#15
Yoshinori Ishii, Hideo Noguchi, Junko Sato, Hana Ishii, Koji Todoroki, Shin-Ichi Toyabe
BACKGROUND: Tibial component coverage (TCC) and tibial rotational angle (TRA) have been studied simultaneously in simulations, but not in clinical studies after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purposes of this study were (1) to evaluate TCC and rotational setting postoperatively in mobile-bearing TKA patients and (2) to compare the results with previously published simulation data. METHODS: We prospectively examined 100 patients who underwent primary TKA using the LCS® Total Knee System (LCS) posterior cruciate ligament-substituting prosthesis...
February 10, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425835/the-influence-of-internal-and-external-tibial-rotation-offsets-on-knee-joint-and-ligament-biomechanics-during-simulated-athletic-tasks
#16
Nathaniel A Bates, Rebecca J Nesbitt, Jason T Shearn, Gregory D Myer, Timothy E Hewett
BACKGROUND: Following anterior cruciate ligament injury and subsequent reconstruction transverse plane tibiofemoral rotation becomes underconstrained and overconstrained, respectively. Conflicting reports exist on how rotations influence loading at the knee. This investigation aimed to determine the mechanical effects of internal and external tibial rotation offsets on knee kinematics and ligament strains during in vitro simulations of in vivo recorded kinematics. METHOD: A 6-degree-of-freedom robotic manipulator arm was used to articulate 11 cadaveric tibiofemoral joint specimens through simulations of four athletic tasks produced from in vivo recorded kinematics...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419689/surgical-reconstruction-of-the-fascia-lata-and-posterior-tibial-artery-perforator-flap-to-treat-children-with-simultaneous-injury-to-the-achilles-tendon-and-heel-skin
#17
Chu-Zhao Lin, Xue Xia, Hu Wang, Dong-Xin Liu
Children with simultaneous injury to the Achilles tendon and heel skin remain a challenge for clinicians. The purpose of this study is to evaluate a combined surgical procedure involving use of the fascia lata to reconstruct the Achilles tendon, and the posterior tibial artery perforator flap to cover the accompanying heel skin injury.Between February 2010 and February 2013, 8 children (3 females and 5 males) between 3 and 12 years of age, with a median age of 7.5 years, were hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416985/posterior-tibial-tendon-endoscopic-debridement-for-stage-i-and-ii-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction
#18
Jeffrey Wake, Kevin Martin
Adult acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD), formerly known as posterior tibial tendon (PTT) dysfunction, is one of the most common problems of the foot and ankle. It was first described as tendon failure but has since been revealed as ligamentous failure in addition. AAFD is a spectrum of deformities that ranges from tenosynovitis (stage I) to AAFD (stages II-IV). Regarding mild stage I and stage II disease, it was once standard to perform an open synovectomy completely removing the inflamed synovium; this procedure required a large 6-cm medial ankle incision...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416979/posterior-lateral-meniscus-root-reattachment-with-suture-anchors-an-arthroscopic-technique
#19
Adrián Cuéllar, Asier Cuéllar, Alberto Sánchez, Ricardo Cuéllar
The posterior lateral meniscus root (PLMR) provides the circumferential tension required to stabilize the lateral meniscus. Thus, preservation of the PLMR is important to prevent an increase in tibiofemoral contact pressure, which could result in osteoarthritis. We describe an all-arthroscopic approach to the fixation of PLMR using suture anchors through associated posterolateral arthroscopic portals that result in a more favorable inclination of the anchors. Initially, the anatomical insertion site of the root on the tibial plateau is debrided, 1 to 2 anchors are placed through the posterolateral portals into the root's footprint area, and the meniscus is finally sutured from the posterolateral portals...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413770/results-of-subtalar-arthroereisis-for-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction-stage-iia1-based-on-35-patients
#20
Antonio Viladot Voegeli, Nicolás Fontecilla Cornejo, Juan Andrés Serrá Sandoval, Fernando Alvarez Goenaga, Ramón Viladot Pericé
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological results obtained in the treatment of adult flexible flatfoot secondary to posterior tibial dysfunction with subtalar arthroereisis using a Kalix ® endorthesis. METHODS: 35 patients (37 feet) were studied, having been operated between January 2010 and January 2015 for reducible flatfoot secondary to posterior tibial tendon dysfunction stage IIA1 of Bluman. RESULTS: The average follow up was 47...
February 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
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