keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Visceral obesity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29931482/discrepancies-between-bmi-and-classic-cardiovascular-risk-factors
#1
Stefanie R van Mil, Guy H E J Vijgen, Astrid van Huisstede, Boudewijn Klop, Gert-Jan M van de Geijn, Erwin Birnie, Gert-Jan Braunstahl, Guido H H Mannaerts, L Ulas Biter, Manuel Castro Cabezas
BACKGROUND: Obesity is related to increased cardiovascular risk. It is unknown whether increasing levels of obesity also increase levels of cardiovascular risk factors and systemic inflammation. This study describes the relationship between classic cardiovascular risk factors and inflammatory markers with BMI in a group of obese and non-obese subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Obese subjects (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 ; n = 576; mean ± SD BMI 43.8 ± 7.58 kg/m2 ) scheduled for bariatric surgery were included...
June 21, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928260/liver-enlargement-predicts-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-in-morbidly-obese-women
#2
Giovanna Scartabelli, Giorgia Querci, Letizia Marconi, Giovanni Ceccarini, Paolo Piaggi, Paola Fierabracci, Guido Salvetti, Giovanni Cizza, Salvatore Mazzeo, Jacopo Vitti, Slava Berger, Antonio Palla, Ferruccio Santini
Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is frequently present in patients with severe obesity, but its prevalence especially in women is not well defined. OSAHS and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease are common conditions, frequently associated in patients with central obesity and metabolic syndrome and are both the result of the accumulation of ectopic fat mass. Identifying predictors of risk of OSAHS may be useful to select the subjects requiring instrumental sleep evaluation. In this cross-sectional study, we have investigated the potential role of hepatic left lobe volume (HLLV) in predicting the presence of OSAHS...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926516/serum-albumin-inflammation-and-nutrition-in-end-stage-renal-disease-c-reactive-protein-is-needed-for-optimal-assessment
#3
EDITORIAL
Hideyuki Mukai, Hilda Villafuerte, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Bengt Lindholm, Peter Stenvinkel
Low serum albumin (S-Alb) is a frequent feature of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) that independently predicts mortality. Serum albumin has mainly been considered a biomarker of visceral protein and immunocompetence status, fundamental to nutritional assessment. However, low S-albumin level is associated with persistent systemic inflammation and many bodies of evidence show that S-Alb has a limited role as a marker of nutritional status. We reported that a low S-Alb concentration was an independent risk factor for poor outcome in ESRD only in the presence of systemic inflammation...
June 21, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926348/melatonin-treatment-suppresses-appetite-genes-and-improves-adipose-tissue-plasticity-in-diet-induced-obese-zebrafish
#4
G Montalbano, M Mania, F Abbate, M Navarra, M C Guerrera, R Laura, J A Vega, M Levanti, A Germanà
PURPOSE: Overweight and obesity are important risk factors for diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and premature death in modern society. Recently, numerous natural and synthetic compounds have been tested in diet-induced obese animal models, to counteract obesity. Melatonin is a circadian hormone, produced by pineal gland and extra-pineal sources, involved in processes which have in common a rhythmic expression. In teleost, it can control energy balance by activating or inhibiting appetite-related peptides...
June 20, 2018: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924824/effect-of-adiposity-on-tissue-specific-adiponectin-secretion
#5
James Reneau, Matthew Goldblatt, Jon Gould, Tammy Kindel, Andrew Kastenmeier, Rana Higgins, L Rosemary Rengel, Katherine Schoyer, Roland James, Brittaney Obi, Andrea Moosreiner, Kay Nicholson, Daisy Sahoo, Srividya Kidambi
Circulating adiponectin levels are lower in individuals with increased BMI and central adiposity. However, they are paradoxically higher in those with peripheral adiposity. We hypothesized that adiponectin secretion from central and peripheral adipose tissue depots may be associated with adiposity levels and its distribution. A total of 55 subjects (69% women) undergoing elective abdominal surgery (mean age: 53 ± 13 years) were recruited. Health history, anthropometrics, and cardiovascular disease risk factor measurements were obtained...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923295/dapagliflozin-a-sglt2-inhibitor-slows-the-progression-of-renal-complications-through-the-suppression-of-renal-inflammation-er-stress-and-apoptosis-in-pre-diabetic-rats
#6
Krit Jaikumkao, Anchalee Pongchaidecha, Nuttawud Chueakula, La-Ongdao Thongnak, Keerati Wanchai, Varanuj Chatsudthipong, Nipon Chattipakorn, Anusorn Lungkaphin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor dapagliflozin has been shown to exert both anti-diabetic and anti-obesity effects in metabolic syndrome. However, the effects of dapagliflozin on the renal complications associated with metabolic dysfunction in diet-induced obesity (DIO) are not fully understood. In this study, to work towards a resolution of these issues, we evaluated the renoprotective roles of dapagliflozin in pre-diabetic rats. METHODS: DIO was induced by feeding a high-fat diet (HF) to male Wistar rats for 16 weeks...
June 19, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921800/interaction-between-an-adcy3-genetic-variant-and-two-weight-lowering-diets-affecting-body-fatness-and-body-composition-outcomes-depending-on-macronutrient-distribution-a-randomized-trial
#7
Leticia Goni, Jose Ignacio Riezu-Boj, Fermín I Milagro, Fernando J Corrales, Lourdes Ortiz, Marta Cuervo, J Alfredo Martínez
The adenylate cyclase 3 ( ADCY3 ) gene is involved in the regulation of several metabolic processes including the development and function of adipose tissue. The effects of the ADCY3 rs10182181 genetic variant on changes in body composition depending on the macronutrient distribution intake after 16 weeks of the dietary intervention were tested. The ADCY3 genetic variant was genotyped in 147 overweight or obese subjects, who were randomly assigned to one of the two diets varying in macronutrient content: a moderately-high-protein diet and a low-fat diet...
June 19, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916924/how-to-best-assess-abdominal-obesity
#8
Hongjuan Fang, Elizabeth Berg, Xiaoguang Cheng, Wei Shen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Abdominal obesity, especially the increase of visceral adipose tissue (VAT), is closely associated with increased mortality related to cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and fatty liver disease. This review provides an overview of the recent advances for abdominal obesity measurement. RECENT FINDINGS: Compared to simple waist circumference, emerging three-dimensional (3D) body-scanning techniques also measure abdominal volume and shape. Abdominal dimension measures have been implemented in bioelectrical impedance analysis to improve accuracy when estimating VAT...
June 18, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914985/inhibition-of-cd36-reduces-visceral-fat-accumulation-and-improves-insulin-resistance-in-diet-induced-obese-bdnf-val66met-mice
#9
Jiwon Yang, Keun Woo Park, Sunghee Cho
Obesity-induced metabolic dysfunctions increase risk of vascular diseases including type II diabetes and stroke. While managing obesity is an interest to address the worldwide health problem, how genetic variability affects human obesity development and specific targets for obesity-related metabolic disease have not been thoroughly studied. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the brain derived neurotropic factor (BDNF) gene that results in the substitution of a valine to a methionine at codon 66 ( val66met ) occurs with a high frequency in humans...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914623/efficacy-of-tea-catechin-rich-beverages-to-reduce-abdominal-adiposity-and-metabolic-syndrome-risks-in-obese-and-overweight-subjects-a-pooled-analysis-of-6-human-trials
#10
REVIEW
Masanobu Hibi, Hideto Takase, Masaki Iwasaki, Noriko Osaki, Yoshihisa Katsuragi
This post hoc pooled analysis assessed the effectiveness of green tea catechins (GTC) to reduce the risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) associated with abdominal fat reduction, because previous findings are unclear. Data were pooled from six human trials (n=921, 505 men) comparing the effects of GTC-containing beverages (540-588 mg GTC/beverage) and a placebo beverage. Outcome measures were abdominal fat [total fat area (TFA), visceral fat area (VFA), subcutaneous fat area (SFA)], and MetS risk. We estimated mean changes from baseline and calculated confidence intervals (CI) to assess reductions in abdominal fat accumulation and MetS improvement...
July 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914129/obesity-related-metabolic-risk-in-sedentary-hispanic-adolescent-girls-with-normal-bmi
#11
Gert-Jan van der Heijden, Zhiyue J Wang, Zili D Chu, Morey Haymond, Pieter J J Sauer, Agneta L Sunehag
Hispanic adolescent girls with normal BMI frequently have high body fat %. Without knowledge of body fat content and distribution, their risk for metabolic complications is unknown. We measured metabolic risk indicators and abdominal fat distribution in post-pubertal Hispanic adolescent girls with Normal BMI (N-BMI: BMI < 85th percentile) and compared these indicators between girls with Normal BMI and High Fat content (N-BMI-HF: body fat &ge; 27%; n = 15) and Normal BMI and Normal Fat content (N-BMI-NF: body fat < 27%; n = 8)...
June 15, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914095/dose-dependent-effects-of-multispecies-probiotic-supplementation-on-the-lipopolysaccharide-lps-level-and-cardiometabolic-profile-in-obese-postmenopausal-women-a-12-week-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Monika Szulińska, Igor Łoniewski, Saskia van Hemert, Magdalena Sobieska, Paweł Bogdański
During the postmenopausal period, the risk of cardiovascular diseases is increased in many obese women and is associated with a worse cardiometabolic profile and a sub-chronic low-grade systemic inflammation caused by a gut barrier permeability dysfunction. Here, we tested whether administration of two different dosages of the multispecies probiotic Ecologic&reg; Barrier influenced the cardiometabolic biochemical parameters and lipopolysaccharide levels, the latter used as a marker of increased gut permeability in obese postmenopausal women...
June 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908753/abdominal-obesity-and-insulin-resistance-after-an-episode-of-acute-pancreatitis
#13
Ruma G Singh, Sayali A Pendharkar, Aya Cervantes, Jaelim Cho, Victor Miranda-Soberanis, Maxim S Petrov
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence indicates that individuals after an episode of acute pancreatitis (AP) are at an increased risk of developing metabolic derangements. While the link between general obesity and insulin resistance (IR) is well established, only a few studies have investigated the association between abdominal obesity and IR. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between abdominal obesity and several indices of IR in individuals after an episode of AP. METHODS: Patients were eligible for this cross-sectional study if they were previously admitted with a primary diagnosis of AP based on the recent international guidelines...
May 1, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907844/insulin-suppression-of-fatty-acid-skeletal-muscle-enzyme-activity-in-postmenopausal-women-and-improvements-in-metabolic-flexibility-and-lipoprotein-lipase-with-aerobic-exercise-and-weight-loss
#14
Alice S Ryan, Heidi K Ortmeyer
BACKGROUND: Obesity and insulin resistance are characterized by metabolic inflexibility, a condition described as an inability to switch from fat oxidation during fasting to carbohydrate oxidation during hyperinsulinemia. The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of metabolic flexibility in 103 obese (37-59% fat), sedentary (VO2 max: 19.4 ± 0.5 ml/kg/min), postmenopausal (45-76 years) women, and changes in metabolic flexibility with exercise and weight loss interventions...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904612/proteomic-identification-of-potential-markers-of-myosteatosis-in-human-urine
#15
Holger Husi, Alisdair MacDonald, Richard J E Skipworth, Janice Miller, Andrew Cronshaw, Kenneth C H Fearon, James A Ross
Myosteatosis, the infiltration of fat in skeletal muscle, is associated with lower skeletal muscle density (SMD) as detected by computed tomography (CT). It increases with aging and obesity and is thought to play a role in the aetiology of insulin resistance and type II diabetes. The clinical significance of myosteatosis in cancer cachexia, however, remains to be determined. Along with demonstrable subcutaneous and visceral lipolysis, myosteatosis may also be a key component of the syndrome. We aimed to investigate the use of human urine as a non-invasive way to screen for molecular biomarkers of myosteatosis/reduced SMD using SELDI-TOF mass spectrometry...
June 2018: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903183/-effects-of-exercise-and-resveratrol-on-retinol-binding-protein-4-blood-glucose-and-insulin-sensitivity-in-aged-obese-rats
#16
Jiaqin Cui, Youping Bai, Lin Wu, Mingming Sun, Chan Lin, Haoyue Zhang, Min Su, Weiwei Song
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of exercise and resveratrol on retinol binding protein 4( RBP4) mRNA and protein expression in visceral adipose tissue, plasma RBP4 concentration and blood glucose and insulin sensitivity of aged obese rats. METHODS: To establish elderly obese SD rat model, 6 aged rats of natural growth were selected normal group, 24 obese rats were randomly divided into four groups: obesity control group, exercise group, resveratrol group, exercise combined with resveratrol group...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899524/microrna-30-modulates-metabolic-inflammation-by-regulating-notch-signaling-in-adipose-tissue-macrophages
#17
Kathryn Miranda, Xiaoming Yang, Marpe Bam, E Angela Murphy, Prakash S Nagarkatti, Mitzi Nagarkatti
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a pandemic disorder that is characterized by accumulation of adipose tissue and chronic low-grade inflammation that is driven primarily by adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs). While ATM polarization from pro-(M1) to anti-(M2) inflammatory phenotype influences insulin sensitivity and energy expenditure, the mechanisms of such a switch are unclear. In the current study, we identified epigenetic pathways including microRNAs (miR) in ATMs that regulate obesity-induced inflammation...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895473/visceral-adiposity-index-is-associated-with-increased-urinary-albumin-excretion-a-population-based-study
#18
Kan Sun, Diaozhu Lin, Feng Li, Yiqin Qi, Wanting Feng, Meng Ren, Li Yan, Dan Liu
BACKGROUND: The effects of visceral fat accumulation on the renal damage have drawn much attention. We aimed to investigate the possible relationship between visceral adiposity and albuminuria. METHODS: We included information from a population-based study in 9473 subjects aged 40 years or older. As a novel and valid indicator for visceral adipose function, visceral adiposity index (VAI) was determined by gender-specific equations and calculated using simple anthropometric and functional parameters...
June 2, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895033/metabolic-syndrome-in-hypopituitarism
#19
Dragana Miljić, Vera Popovic
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and mortality rates from cardiovascular causes are increased in patients with hypopituitarism. Features of obesity, visceral adiposity, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and hypertension are common in these patients. Unreplaced growth hormone (GH) deficiency and inadequate replacement of other hormone insufficiencies may be responsible for the adverse body composition and metabolic profile associated with hypopituitarism. Recently, fatty liver disease was added to this unfavorable metabolic phenotype...
2018: Frontiers of Hormone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895010/metabolic-syndrome-in-thyroid-disease
#20
K Alexander Iwen, Rebecca Oelkrug, Hannes Kalscheuer, Georg Brabant
Cardiometabolic risk factors like abdominal obesity, hyperglycemia, low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, elevated triglycerides, and hypertension are defined as metabolic syndrome (MetS), which represents one of the most frequent endocrine disorders particularly in a society with increasing weight problems. As more and more evidence is accumulated that thyroid hormones affect components of the MetS, the present review aims to summarize the rapidly expanding knowledge on the pathophysiological interaction between thyroid hormone status and MetS...
2018: Frontiers of Hormone Research
keyword
keyword
50893
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"