keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Elbow extension test

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319883/the-influence-of-a-depressed-scapular-alignment-on-upper-limb-neural-tissue-mechanosensitivity-and-local-pressure-pain-sensitivity
#1
Patricia Martínez-Merinero, Enriqe Lluch, Tomas Gallezo-Izquierdo, Daniel Pecos-Martín, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Susana Nuñez-Nagy, Deborah Falla
BACKGROUND: A depressed scapular alignment could lead to prolonged and repetitive stress or compression of the brachial plexus, resulting in sensitization of neural tissue. However, no study has investigated the influence of alignment of the scapulae on sensitization of upper limb neural tissue in otherwise asymptomatic people. In this case-control study, we investigate the influence of a depressed scapular alignment on mechanosensitivity of the upper limb peripheral nervous system as well as pressure pain thresholds (PPT)...
March 10, 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314869/-operative-treatment-of-terrible-triad-injury-of-the-elbow-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation
#2
R Babst, C Schraner, F J P Beeres
AIM OF SURGERY: Reconstruction of the most important ligamentous and osseus structures of the elbow after terrible triad injury via the radial head to the lateral collateral ligament complex (LCL) and if necessary beginning at the coronoid process. The aim is a stable concentrically guided elbow with early functional follow-up treatment. The approach depends on the intraoperatively tested stability. INDICATIONS: Osteoligamentous terrible triad injury pattern with or without subluxation position following reduction and temporary immobilization...
March 17, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298058/effect-of-pitching-consecutive-days-in-youth-fast-pitch-softball-tournaments-on-objective-shoulder-strength-and-subjective-shoulder-symptoms
#3
S Andrew Skillington, Robert H Brophy, Rick W Wright, Matthew V Smith
BACKGROUND: The windmill pitching motion has been associated with risk for shoulder injury. Because there are no pitching limits on youth fast-pitch softball pitchers, these athletes often pitch multiple games across consecutive days. Strength changes, fatigue levels, and shoulder pain that develop among female fast-pitch pitchers over the course of consecutive days of pitching have not been investigated. HYPOTHESIS: Over the course of 2- and 3-day fast-pitch softball tournaments, pitchers will develop progressive objective weakness and increased subjective shoulder fatigue and pain without complete recovery between days...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269367/spring-operated-wearable-enhancer-for-arm-rehabilitation-springwear-after-stroke
#4
Ji Chen, Peter S Lum
A 5-DOF spring actuated exoskeleton, called SpringWear, was developed to increase range of motion in the affected arms of stroke patients. Theoretically perfect gravity compensation is provided at the shoulder elevation DOF. Additional torque is provided to assist weakness in forearm supination and elbow extension. Three stroke patients were tested. All of the assisted joints increased in range of motion, and larger gains should be possible with refinements in the available torque profiles. Additionally, finger range of motion was increased in one subject when asked to open the hand while holding the shoulder at 90 degrees of elevation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260202/biochemical-responses-and-physical-performance-during-high-intensity-resistance-circuit-training-in-hypoxia-and-normoxia
#5
Domingo J Ramos-Campo, Jacobo A Rubio-Arias, Stéphane Dufour, Linda Chung, Vicente Ávila-Gandía, Pedro E Alcaraz
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of hypoxia on metabolic and acid-base balance, blood oxygenation, electrolyte, and half-squat performance variables during high-resistance circuit (HRC) training. METHODS: Twelve resistance-trained subjects participated in this study. After a 6RM testing session, participants performed three randomized trials of HRC: normoxia (NORM: FiO2 = 0.21), moderate hypoxia (MH: FiO2 = 0.16), or high hypoxia (HH: FiO2 = 0...
March 4, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227609/spring-operated-wearable-enhancer-for-arm-rehabilitation-springwear-after-stroke
#6
Ji Chen, Peter S Lum, Ji Chen, Peter S Lum, Ji Chen, Peter S Lum
A 5-DOF spring actuated exoskeleton, called SpringWear, was developed to increase range of motion in the affected arms of stroke patients. Theoretically perfect gravity compensation is provided at the shoulder elevation DOF. Additional torque is provided to assist weakness in forearm supination and elbow extension. Three stroke patients were tested. All of the assisted joints increased in range of motion, and larger gains should be possible with refinements in the available torque profiles. Additionally, finger range of motion was increased in one subject when asked to open the hand while holding the shoulder at 90 degrees of elevation...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222541/augmented-effects-of-emg-biofeedback-interfaced-with-virtual-reality-on-neuromuscular-control-and-movement-coordination-during-reaching-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Ji Won Yoo, Dong Ryul Lee, Young Joo Cha, Sung Hyun You
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to compare therapeutic effects of an electromyography (EMG) biofeedback augmented by virtual reality (VR) and EMG biofeedback alone on the triceps and biceps (T:B) muscle activity imbalance and elbow joint movement coordination during a reaching motor taskOBJECTIVE: To compare therapeutic effects of an electromyography (EMG) biofeedback augmented by virtual reality (VR) and EMG biofeedback alone on the triceps and biceps muscle activity imbalance and elbow joint movement coordination during a reaching motor task in normal children and children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP)...
January 30, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169136/in-vitro-wear-of-ultrahigh-molecular-weight-polyethylene-and-vitamin-e-blended-highly-cross-linked-polyethylene-in-linked-semiconstrained-total-elbow-replacement-prostheses
#8
Oludele O Popoola, Brian L Kincaid, Kimberly Mimnaugh, Mark Marqueling
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to develop a clinically relevant in vitro elbow wear test and to compare the polyethylene wear of 2 total elbow replacement prostheses, one that uses conventional gamma-irradiated polyethylene (CPE) and one that uses vitamin E blended and cross-linked polyethylene (VE-HXPE) bushings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The test protocol applied 0° to 85° flexion-extension motions and imposed a constant 4.5° varus malalignment of the ulnar relative to the humeral implant under a variable joint load profile at a frequency of 1 Hz...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164716/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-muscle-strength-in-late-adolescence-and-long-term-risk-of-early-heart-failure-in-swedish-men
#9
Martin Lindgren, Maria Åberg, Maria Schaufelberger, David Åberg, Linus Schiöler, Kjell Torén, Annika Rosengren
Aims To investigate the association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and muscle strength in late adolescence and the long-term risk of heart failure (HF). Methods A cohort was created of Swedish men enrolled in compulsory military service between 1968 and 2005 with measurements for CRF and muscle strength ( n = 1,226,623; mean age 18.3 years). They were followed until 31 December 2014 for HF hospitalization as recorded in the Swedish national inpatient registry. Results During the follow-up period (median (interquartile range) 28...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149411/the-relationship-between-maximum-isometric-strength-and-ball-velocity-in-the-tennis-serve
#10
Ernest Baiget, Francisco Corbi, Juan Pedro Fuentes, Jaime Fernández-Fernández
The aims of this study were to analyze the relationship between maximum isometric strength levels in different upper and lower limb joints and serve velocity in competitive tennis players as well as to develop a prediction model based on this information. Twelve male competitive tennis players (mean ± SD; age: 17.2 ± 1.0 years; body height: 180.1 ± 6.2 cm; body mass: 71.9 ± 5.6 kg) were tested using maximum isometric strength levels (i.e., wrist, elbow and shoulder flexion and extension; leg and back extension; shoulder external and internal rotation)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128085/antiphospholipid-syndrome-with-anti%C3%AE-2glicoprotein-1-antibodies-as-the-cause-of-recurrent-tibial-vein-thrombosis-in-sapho-syndrome
#11
Hanna Przepiera-Będzak, Marek Brzosko
The antiphospholipid antibody syndrome is defined by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies in patients with recurrent venous or arterial thromboembolism (1). SAPHO syndrome is a rare disease, characterized by specific clinical manifestations of synovitis, acne pustulosis, hyperostosis, and osteitis. It is a disease that manifests with a combination of osseous and articular manifestations associated with skin lesions (2). Venous thrombosis complicating SAPHO syndrome seems to be uncommon with an unclear pathogenesis (3-9)...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087121/upper-extremity-outcome-measures-for-collagen-vi-related-myopathy-and-lama2-related-muscular-dystrophy
#12
Roxanna M Bendixen, Jocelyn Butrum, Mina S Jain, Rebecca Parks, Bonnie Hodsdon, Carmel Nichols, Michelle Hsia, Leslie Nelson, Katherine C Keller, Michelle McGuire, Jeffrey S Elliott, Melody M Linton, Irene C Arveson, Fatou Tounkara, Ruhi Vasavada, Elizabeth Harnett, Monal Punjabi, Sandra Donkervoort, Jahannaz Dastgir, Meganne E Leach, Anne Rutkowski, Melissa Waite, James Collins, Carsten G Bönnemann, Katherine G Meilleur
Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) comprises a rare group of genetic muscle diseases that present at birth or early during infancy. Two common subtypes of CMD are collagen VI-related muscular dystrophy (COL6-RD) and laminin alpha 2-related dystrophy (LAMA2-RD). Traditional outcome measures in CMD include gross motor and mobility assessments, yet significant motor declines underscore the need for valid upper extremity motor assessments as a clinical endpoint. This study validated a battery of upper extremity measures in these two CMD subtypes for future clinical trials...
March 2017: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052417/c8-cross-transfer-for-the-treatment-of-caudal-brachial-plexus-avulsion-in-three-dogs
#13
Pierre Moissonnier, Claude Carozzo, Jean-Laurent Thibaut, Catherine Escriou, Antoine Hidalgo, Stéphane Blot
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cervical nerve 8 cross-transfer technique (C8CT) as a part of surgical treatment of caudal brachial plexus avulsion (BPA) in the dog. STUDY DESIGN: Case series. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs suspected to have caudal BPA based on neurological examination and electrophysiological testing (n = 3). METHODS: The distal stump of the surgically transected contralateral C8 ventral branch (donor) was bridged to the proximal stump of the avulsed C8 ventral branch (recipient) and secured with 9-0 polypropylene suture under an operating microscope...
January 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979366/does-the-saline-load-test-still-have-a-role-in-the-orthopaedic-world-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Benjamin B Browning, Anthony V Ventimiglia, Anant Dixit, Emmanuel Illical, William P Urban, Julio J Jauregui
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the efficacy of Saline load tests (SLTs) to evaluate extension of periarticular wounds into capsule in emergent settings. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature to evaluate the accuracy of the SLT in diagnosing penetrating joint injuries in the elbow, wrist, shoulder, knee, or ankle. RESULTS: The SLT values to determine knee arthrotomies vary from 73.8 mL to 194 mL with sensitivities ranging between 91% and 99% depending on the size of the laceration...
December 2016: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976985/analysis-of-elbow-muscle-strength-parameters-in-brazilian-jiu-jitsu-practitioners
#15
Bruno Follmer, Rodolfo André Dellagrana, Luis Antonio Pereira de Lima, Walter Herzog, Fernando Diefenthaeler
Upper-body dynamic and isometric maximum strength are essential components for success in Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ). This study was aimed at analysing strength parameters in the elbow flexor and extensor muscles of BJJ practitioners. Participants (n = 28) performed maximum isometric contractions of elbow flexors and extensors to determine peak torque (PT), rate of force development (RFD), and the torque-angle (T-A) relationship at elbow angles of 45°, 60°, 75°, 90°, 105°, and 120°. Additionally, concentric and eccentric PTs were measured at 1...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942265/correlations-between-changes-in-undercarboxylated-osteocalcin-and-muscle-function-in-hypoparathyroidism
#16
Torben Harslof, Tanja Sikjaer, Leif Mosekilde, Bente L Langdahl, Lars Rejnmark
BACKGROUND: Muscles and bones are interconnected. Recent studies suggest that undercarboxylated osteocalcin from bone may affect muscle mass and strength. There are, however, no prospective human data on this relationship. METHODS: We previously treated patients with hypoparathyroidism with intact Parathyroid Hormone (PTH) or placebo in a six-month randomized, placebo-controlled trial and demonstrated a marked increase in undercarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC) in the PTH-treated group...
July 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941328/upper-extremity-function-predicts-adverse-health-outcomes-among-older-adults-hospitalized-for-ground-level-falls
#17
Bellal Joseph, Nima Toosizadeh, Tahereh Orouji Jokar, Michelle R Heusser, Jane Mohler, Bijan Najafi
BACKGROUND: Despite National Surgical Quality Improvement guidelines to integrate frailty into surgical elder assessments, a quick, accurate, and simple frailty assessment tool suitable for busy clinical settings is still not available. Recently, we have demonstrated that a simple upper-extremity function (UEF) test based on wearable sensors could identify frailty with high agreement with conventional assessments by testing 20-s repetitive elbow flexion and extension. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether UEF parameters are sensitive for predicting adverse health outcomes in bedbound older adults admitted to hospital due to ground-level fall injuries...
December 10, 2016: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914843/hemiarthroplasty-for-the-treatment-of-distal-humeral-fractures-midterm-clinical-results
#18
Mark Schultzel, Karl Scheidt, Christopher C Klein, Steven J Narvy, Brian K Lee, John M Itamura
BACKGROUND: Total elbow arthroplasty is a treatment for unreconstructable distal humeral fractures; however, longevity of the implant remains a concern in younger, more active patients. Distal humeral hemiarthroplasty (DHH) offers an alternative with multiple advantages. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 10 patients who underwent DHH for distal humeral fractures during a 4-year period (2008-2012) by a single surgeon. Patients underwent testing of range of motion, Mayo Elbow Performance Score, Disabilities of Arm, Shoulder and Hand, visual analog scale, Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation, and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons scores...
March 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904213/functional-outcome-of-intraarticular-distal-humerus-fracture-fixation-using-triceps-sparing-paratricipital-approach
#19
Vishal Yadav, Pulak Sharma, Ashish Gohiya
BACKGROUND: Displaced intraarticular distal humerus fracture has been conventionally treated operatively with various triceps disrupting approaches. These approaches are associated with several complications, such as triceps weakness, nonunion or delayed union of osteotomy, implant prominence, and delayed mobilization of the elbow. We present the functional outcome of intraarticular distal humerus fracture fixation using a triceps-sparing paratricipital approach which allows early elbow mobilization and preserving triceps strength...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900706/anatomical-variations-of-the-trochlear-notch-angle-mri-analysis-of-78-elbows
#20
G Giannicola, M Scacchi, P Sedati, S Gumina
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the anatomical variations of the trochlear notch angle, nor do we know whether the cartilaginous layer modifies the trochlear bony contour. Our aim was to assess the variability of the bony and cartilaginous trochlear notch angles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed 78 healthy elbows (39 patients, 19 females and 20 males) with a mean age of 28 years (range 21-32). High-definition MRI coronal scans at the level of the flexion-extension axis were performed...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
keyword
keyword
50884
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"