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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716350/progress-and-priorities-for-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-in-kenya-a-countdown-to-2015-country-case-study
#1
Emily C Keats, Anthony Ngugi, William Macharia, Nadia Akseer, Emma Nelima Khaemba, Zaid Bhatti, Arjumand Rizvi, John Tole, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Progress in reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) in Kenya has been inconsistent over the past two decades, despite the global push to foster accountability, reduce child mortality, and improve maternal health in an equitable manner. Although several cross-sectional assessments have been done, a systematic analysis of RMNCH in Kenya was needed to better understand the push and pull factors that govern intervention coverage and influence mortality trends...
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700612/assessing-development-assistance-for-child-survival-between-2000-and-2014-a-multi-sectoral-perspective
#2
Chunling Lu, Annie Chu, Zhihui Li, Jian Shen, Subu Subramanian, Kenneth Hill
BACKGROUND: The majority of Countdown countries did not reach the fourth Millennium Development Goal (MDG 4) on reducing child mortality, despite the fact that donor funding to the health sector has drastically increased. When tracking aid invested in child survival, previous studies have exclusively focused on aid targeting reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH). We take a multi-sectoral approach and extend the estimation to the four sectors that determine child survival: health (RMNCH and non-RMNCH), education, water and sanitation, and food and humanitarian assistance (Food/HA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681668/towards-an-understanding-of-the-multilevel-factors-associated-with-maternal-health-care-utilization-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#3
Sanjeev Sridharan, Arnab Dey, Aparna Seth, Dharmendra Chandurkar, Kultar Singh, Katherine Hay, Rachael Gibson
BACKGROUND: This paper explores the multilevel factors associated with maternal health utilization in India's most populous state, Uttar Pradesh. 3 key utilization practices: registration of pregnancy, receipt of antenatal care, and delivery at home are examined for district and individual level predictors. The data is based on 5666 household surveys conducted as part of a baseline evaluation of the Uttar Pradesh Technical Support Unit (UPTSU.) program. OBJECTIVES: This intervention aims to assist the Government of Uttar Pradesh in increasing the efficiency, effectiveness, and equity of service delivery across a continuum of reproductive, maternal, new-born, child, and adolescent health (RMNCH+A) outcomes...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607675/improving-coverage-measurement-for-reproductive-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-gaps-and-opportunities
#4
Melinda K Munos, Cynthia K Stanton, Jennifer Bryce
BACKGROUND: Regular monitoring of coverage for reproductive, maternal, neonatal, and child health (RMNCH) is central to assessing progress toward health goals. The objectives of this review were to describe the current state of coverage measurement for RMNCH, assess the extent to which current approaches to coverage measurement cover the spectrum of RMNCH interventions, and prioritize interventions for a novel approach to coverage measurement linking household surveys with provider assessments...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350378/developing-a-dataset-to-track-aid-for-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-2003-2013
#5
Christopher Grollman, Leonardo Arregoces, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Catherine Pitt, Timothy Powell-Jackson, Justine Hsu, Giulia Greco, Josephine Borghi
We created a dataset to generate estimates of donor-reported 'official development assistance' and private grants (ODA+) to reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH) by donor, recipient country and activity type over the period 2003-2013. We collected disbursement information from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Creditor Reporting System (CRS) in January 2015. All 2.1 million records across all sectors were coded based on donor name, project title, short and long descriptions, and CRS code describing the purpose of the disbursement...
March 28, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334970/expenditure-tracking-and-review-of-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-policy-in-pakistan
#6
Muhammad Ashar Malik, Abdul Sattar Nahyoun, Arjumand Rizvi, Zaid Ahmad Bhatti, Zulfiqar Ahmad Bhutta
Since 2001 substantial resources have been allocated to the reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health sector (RMNCH) in Pakistan. Many new programmes have been started and coverage of some existing programmes has been extended to un-served and rural areas. Despite these efforts the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5 were not achieved (2000-15). Maternal Mortality Ratio was reduced to 170 per 100 000 live births (target 100) by 2013 at an annual reduction rate of 3.6% (1990-2013). Against the target of 46 per 1000 live births, the Under Five Mortality Rate was reduced to 81 per 1000 live births by 2015 at an annual reduction rate of 2...
July 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928874/improving-quality-of-care-through-payment-for-performance-examining-effects-on-the-availability-and-stock-out-of-essential-medical-commodities-in-tanzania
#7
Peter Binyaruka, Josephine Borghi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of payment for performance (P4P) on the availability and stock-out rate of reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH) medical commodities in Tanzania and assess the distributional effects. METHODS: The availability of RMNCH commodities (medicines, supplies and equipment) on the day of the survey, and stock-outs for at least one day in the 90 days prior to the survey, was measured in 75 intervention and 75 comparison facilities in January 2012 and 13 months later...
January 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924107/newborn-healthcare-in-urban-india
#8
REVIEW
J Sharma, D Osrin, B Patil, S B Neogi, M Chauhan, R Khanna, R Kumar, V K Paul, S Zodpey
The rapid population growth in urban India has outpaced the municipal capacity to build essential infrastructures that make life in cities safe and healthy. Local and national governments alike are grappling with the challenges of urbanization with thousands migrating from villages to cities. Thus, urbanization in India has been accompanied by a concentration of poverty and urban public healthcare has emerged as one of the most pressing priorities facing our country. Newborn mortality rates in urban settings are lower than rural areas, early neonatal deaths account for greater proportion than late neonatal deaths...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836080/a-cross-sectional-mixed-study-of-the-opportunity-to-improve-maternal-postpartum-care-in-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-services-in-the-kaya-health-district-of-burkina-faso
#9
Danielle Yugbaré Belemsaga, Aristide Bado, Anne Goujon, Els Duysburgh, Olivier Degomme, Seni Kouanda, Marleen Temmerman
OBJECTIVE: To propose a rationale to improve maternal postpartum care in reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) services. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional mixed study in the Kaya health district in Burkina Faso based on two data collection exercises conducted between December 2012 and May 2013. A household survey of 757 mothers in their first year after delivery was processed. It was complemented with a qualitative analysis using in-depth interviews with key informants, focus group discussions with mothers, and participant observation...
November 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716088/eregistries-indicators-for-the-who-essential-interventions-for-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health
#10
Vicki Flenady, Aleena M Wojcieszek, Ingvild Fjeldheim, Ingrid K Friberg, Victoria Nankabirwa, Jagrati V Jani, Sonja Myhre, Philippa Middleton, Caroline Crowther, David Ellwood, David Tudehope, Robert Pattinson, Jacqueline Ho, Jiji Matthews, Aurora Bermudez Ortega, Mahima Venkateswaran, Doris Chou, Lale Say, Garret Mehl, J Frederik Frøen
BACKGROUND: Electronic health registries - eRegistries - can systematically collect relevant information at the point of care for reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH). However, a suite of process and outcome indicators is needed for RMNCH to monitor care and to ensure comparability between settings. Here we report on the assessment of current global indicators and the development of a suite of indicators for the WHO Essential Interventions for use at various levels of health care systems nationally and globally...
September 30, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634540/coverage-and-inequalities-in-maternal-and-child-health-interventions-in-afghanistan
#11
Nadia Akseer, Zaid Bhatti, Arjumand Rizvi, Ahmad S Salehi, Taufiq Mashal, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Afghanistan has made considerable gains in improving maternal and child health and survival since 2001. However, socioeconomic and regional inequities may pose a threat to reaching universal coverage of health interventions and further health progress. We explored coverage and socioeconomic inequalities in key life-saving reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH) interventions at the national level and by region in Afghanistan. We also assessed gains in child survival through scaling up effective community-based interventions across wealth groups...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634209/countdown-to-2015-country-case-studies-what-can-analysis-of-national-health-financing-contribute-to-understanding-mdg-4-and-5-progress
#12
Carlyn Mann, Courtney Ng, Nadia Akseer, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Josephine Borghi, Tim Colbourn, Patricia Hernández-Peña, Luis Huicho, Muhammad Ashar Malik, Melisa Martinez-Alvarez, Spy Munthali, Ahmad Shah Salehi, Mekonnen Tadesse, Mohammed Yassin, Peter Berman
BACKGROUND: Countdown to 2015 (Countdown) supported countries to produce case studies that examine how and why progress was made toward the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5. Analysing how health-financing data explains improvements in RMNCH outcomes was one of the components to the case studies. METHODS: This paper presents a descriptive analysis on health financing from six Countdown case studies (Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Malawi, Pakistan, Peru, and Tanzania), supplemented by additional data from global databases and country reports on macroeconomic, health financing, demographic, and RMNCH outcome data as needed...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634035/countdown-to-2015-country-case-studies-systematic-tools-to-address-the-black-box-of-health-systems-and-policy-assessment
#13
Neha S Singh, Luis Huicho, Hoviyeh Afnan-Holmes, Theopista John, Allisyn C Moran, Tim Colbourn, Chris Grundy, Zoe Matthews, Blerta Maliqi, Matthews Mathai, Bernadette Daelmans, Jennifer Requejo, Joy E Lawn
BACKGROUND: Evaluating health systems and policy (HSP) change and implementation is critical in understanding reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH) progress within and across countries. Whilst data for health outcomes, coverage and equity have advanced in the last decade, comparable analyses of HSP changes are lacking. We present a set of novel tools developed by Countdown to 2015 (Countdown) to systematically analyse and describe HSP change for RMNCH indicators, enabling multi-country comparisons...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633919/countdown-to-2015-country-case-studies-what-have-we-learned-about-processes-and-progress-towards-mdgs-4-and-5
#14
Corrina Moucheraud, Helen Owen, Neha S Singh, Courtney Kuonin Ng, Jennifer Requejo, Joy E Lawn, Peter Berman
BACKGROUND: Countdown to 2015 was a multi-institution consortium tracking progress towards Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5. Case studies to explore factors contributing to progress (or lack of progress) in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH) were undertaken in: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, China, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Niger, Pakistan, Peru, and Tanzania. This paper aims to identify cross-cutting themes on how and why these countries achieved or did not achieve MDG progress...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27371550/a-scoping-review-of-cost-benefit-analysis-in-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-what-we-know-and-what-are-the-gaps
#15
REVIEW
Chandana Maitra, Andrew Hodge, Eliana Jimenez Soto
Growing evidence suggests that early life investments in health are associated with improved human capital and economic outcomes. Various recent global studies have simulated the expected economic returns from alternative packages of interventions in reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health (RMNCH). However, very little is known about the comparability of estimates of the economic returns of RMNCH interventions across studies in low and middle income countries. Our study aims to fill this gap. We performed a comprehensive scoping review of the recent literature (2000-2013) on the economic returns (i...
December 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27072119/reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-key-messages-from-disease-control-priorities-3rd-edition
#16
REVIEW
Robert E Black, Carol Levin, Neff Walker, Doris Chou, Li Liu, Marleen Temmerman
As part of Disease Control Priorities 3rd Edition, the World Bank will publish a volume on Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health that identifies essential cost-effective health interventions that can be scaled up to reduce maternal, newborn, and child deaths, and stillbirths. This Review summarises the volume's key findings and estimates the effect and cost of expanded implementation of these interventions. Recognising that a continuum of care from the adolescent girl, woman, or mother to child is needed, the volume includes details of preventive and therapeutic health interventions in integrated packages: Maternal and Newborn Health and Child Health (along with folic acid supplementation, a key reproductive health intervention)...
December 3, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27013314/the-un-commission-on-life-saving-commodities-3-years-on-global-progress-update-and-results-of-a-multicountry-assessment
#17
Paul M Pronyk, Bennett Nemser, Blerta Maliqi, Nora Springstubb, Diana Sera, Rouslan Karimov, Elizabeth Katwan, Benedicte Walter, Pascal Bijleveld
BACKGROUND: In September, 2012, the UN Commission on Life Saving Commodities (UNCoLSC) outlined a plan to expand availability and access to 13 life saving commodities. We profile global and country progress against these recommendations between 2012 and 2015. METHODS: For 12 countries in sub-Saharan Africa that were off-track to achieve the Millennium Development Goals for maternal and child survival, we reviewed key documents and reference data, and conducted interviews with ministry staff and partners to assess the status of the UNCoLSC recommendations...
April 2016: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26933951/transformative-innovations-in-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-over-the-next-20-years
#18
REVIEW
Cyril M Engmann, Sadaf Khan, Cheryl A Moyer, Patricia S Coffey, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
As part of the "Grand Convergence: Aligning Technologies and Realities in Global Health" Collection, Cyril Engmann and colleagues discuss promising innovations that have the potential to move the RMNCH agenda forward.
March 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26917871/reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-in-the-community-task-sharing-between-male-and-female-health-workers-in-an-indian-rural-context
#19
Sara J Elazan, Ariel E Higgins-Steele, Jean Christophe Fotso, Mila H Rosenthal, Dharitri Rout
BACKGROUND: Male community health workers (CHWs) have rarely been studied as an addition to the female community health workforce to improve access and care for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH). OBJECTIVE: To examine how male health activists (MHAs) coordinated RMNCH responsibilities with existing female health workers in an Indian context. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Interviews from male and female CHWs were coded around community-based engagement, outreach services, and links to facility-based care...
January 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26433718/supply-side-dimensions-and-dynamics-of-integrating-hiv-testing-and-counselling-into-routine-antenatal-care-a-facility-assessment-from-morogoro-region-tanzania
#20
Selena J An, Asha S George, Amnesty E LeFevre, Rose Mpembeni, Idda Mosha, Diwakar Mohan, Ann Yang, Joy Chebet, Chrisostom Lipingu, Abdullah H Baqui, Japhet Killewo, Peter J Winch, Charles Kilewo
BACKGROUND: Integration of HIV into RMNCH (reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health) services is an important process addressing the disproportionate burden of HIV among mothers and children in sub-Saharan Africa. We assess the structural inputs and processes of care that support HIV testing and counselling in routine antenatal care to understand supply-side dynamics critical to scaling up further integration of HIV into RMNCH services prior to recent changes in HIV policy in Tanzania...
2015: BMC Health Services Research
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