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Alexander Tadeu Sverzut, Grasiele Edilaine Crippa, Marco Morra, Paulo Tambasco de Oliveira, Marcio Mateus Beloti, Adalberto Luiz Rosa
The investigation of titanium (Ti) surface modifications aiming to increase implant osseointegration is one of the most active research areas in dental implantology. This study was carried out to evaluate the benefits of coating Ti with type I collagen on the osseointegration of dental implants. Acid etched Ti implants (AETi), either untreated or coated with type I collagen (ColTi), were placed in dog mandibles for three and eight weeks for histomorphometric, cellular and molecular evaluations of bone tissue response...
June 2012: Biomedical Materials
Nadan Rustemovic, Silvija Cukovic-Cavka, Marko Brinar, Davor Radić, Milorad Opacic, Rajko Ostojic, Boris Vucelic
BACKGROUND: Using standard diagnostic algorithms it is not always possible to establish the correct phenotype of inflammatory bowel disease which is essential for therapeutical decisions. Endoscopic ultrasound elastography is a new endoscopic procedure which can differentiate the stiffness of normal and pathological tissue by ultrasound. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the role of transrectal ultrasound elastography in distiction between Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. METHODS: A total 30 Crohn's disease, 25 ulcerative colitis, and 28 non-inflammatory bowel disease controls were included...
October 20, 2011: BMC Gastroenterology
M Morra, C Cassinelli, G Cascardo, D Bollati, R Rodriguez Y Baena
Microrough, doubly acid etched titanium surfaces (Ti) were further modified by amination and covalent coupling of fibrillar collagen type I (ColTi). Human Mesenchymal Cells (HMC) adhesion and growth, and relevant osteogenic differentiation in nonosteogenic (basal) medium were evaluated by fluorescence microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and RT-PCR for a three-week period. Results show strongly enhanced HMC adhesion and cell density at short experimental time on ColTi, together with complete spreading of the cell body over the microrough surface topography...
February 2011: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Liang-jing Wang, Shu-jie Chen, Jian-min Si
OBJECTIVE: To examine the efficacy of Muscovite on acetic acid-induced ulcerative colitis in rats, and to research the mechanisms of intestinal mucosal protection. METHOD: Ulcerative colitis was induced in rats by intracolonic injection of 2 mL of 7% acetic acid. Rats were treated with three different doses of the Muscovite and SASP at random by intracolonic injecion, the normal saline was considered as control group. The rats were sacrificed and the colons were excised and opened longitudinally...
December 2005: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Yu-lin Yang, Ding-ming Wang, Xing-qun Tang, San-ju Tao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2004: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
J Wehkamp, B Schwind, K R Herrlinger, S Baxmann, K Schmidt, M Duchrow, C Wohlschläger, A C Feller, E F Stange, K Fellermann
Human alpha-defensins contribute to local intestinal host defense as part of innate immunity and may be of major relevance in microbial infection and chronic inflammatory bowel disease. The objective was to investigate human defensin 5 and 6 (HD-5, HD-6) mRNA expression by RT-PCR from colonic biopsies and peptide expression by immunohistochemistry from colonic resections under basal and inflammatory conditions. Both alpha-defensins were induced by proinflammatory cytokines in cell culture. HD-5 mRNA expression was enhanced in both idiopathic and nonidiopathic inflammatory states of the large bowel [32% of control vs 73% of unspecific colitis, 69% of Crohn's disease (CD) and 73% of ulcerative colitis (UC)], whereas HD-6 was specifically related to CD and UC (14% in controls vs 20% in unspecific coltis, 49% in CD and 42% in UC)...
June 2002: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
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