Read by QxMD icon Read

flexible bronchoscopy

Karan Madan, Anant Mohan, Ritesh Agarwal, Vijay Hadda, Gopi C Khilnani, Randeep Guleria
Background: There is a lack of contemporaneous data on the practices of flexible bronchoscopy in India. Aim: The aim of the study was to study the prevalent practices of flexible bronchoscopy across India. Methods: The "Indian Bronchoscopy Survey" was a 98-question, online survey structured into the following sections: general information, patient preparation and monitoring, sedation and topical anesthesia, procedural/technical aspects, and bronchoscope disinfection/staff protection...
March 2018: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Chantal Y Spencer, Jennifer Millman, Keila Veiga, Alfin G Vicencio
Asthma encompasses numerous phenotypes that may require alternate approaches to diagnosis and therapy, particularly for patients whose symptoms remain poorly controlled despite escalating treatment. We describe 3 patients with apparent asthma who demonstrated unusual findings on cryobiopsy by flexible bronchoscopy and responded to therapy directed against autoimmune disease.
February 15, 2018: Pediatrics
Elliot Heward, Syed F Hashmi, Ignacio Malagon, Rajesh Shah, Julian Barker, Kandadai S Rammohan
Background Recent evidence surrounding the use of venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in treating acute respiratory failure has led to the expansion of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation services worldwide. The high rate of complications related to venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation often requires intervention by specialist thoracic surgeons. This study aimed to investigate the role of specialist thoracic surgeons within the multidisciplinary team managing these high-risk patients. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 90 patients who received venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation at our tertiary referral center between December 2011 and May 2015...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Amanda J McCambridge, Richard Paul Boesch, John J Mullon
Bronchoscopy has long been used as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool in medicine, with a wide range of appropriate sedative options. Flexible bronchoscopy is generally performed with sedation, and the choice of sedative is generally left to the practice pattern of the performing bronchoscopist. The concept of sedation is complex, with varying degrees of consciousness. A literature search was conducted on MEDLINE from 1969 to 2016, and appropriate data were reviewed. Randomized, controlled trials and prospective cohort studies were considered of highest impact...
March 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
Leonardo Donato, Thi Mai Hong Tran, Uzair K Ghori, Ali I Musani
Although controversy over the role of flexible versus rigid bronchoscopy for airway foreign body management persists, the effort should focus on prevention of aspiration of foreign bodies instead. This article discusses several recent advances in the bronchoscopic management of congenital tracheal stenosis, pediatric airway stenting, and the use of different types of lasers in children. The lack of randomized clinical trials leaves pediatric interventional bronchoscopic procedures without much national or international standards or guidelines...
March 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
Antoinette Flannery, Cyrus Daneshvar, Hervé Dutau, David Breen
Interventional pulmonology has grown significantly over the last 2 decades and is now seen as an essential component in thoracic oncology care. The rigid bronchoscope occupies a central role in this specialty and offers many important advantages over the flexible scope when performing therapeutic procedures on central airways. Although stenting practices have evolved, it is generally accepted that stents offer an important treatment option for selected patients with benign and malignant airway diseases. This article discusses rigid bronchoscopy and stenting, future challenges, complications of the procedure and stents, and future directions...
March 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
Semra Bilaçeroğlu
Endobronchial ablative therapies, such as mechanical debulking, laser therapy, electrocautery, argon plasma coagulation, cryotherapy, brachytherapy, photodynamic therapy, microdebrider bronchoscopy, resector balloon deobstruction, and intratumoral chemotherapy, are performed through a rigid or flexible bronchoscope in palliating or curing symptomatic malignant and benign airway lesions to improve symptoms, quality of life, and survival. Technical factors together with patient- and lesion-specific features determine the therapy of choice, as each therapy is different in capacity, limitation, and complications...
March 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
Russell J Miller, Roberto F Casal, Donald R Lazarus, David E Ost, George A Eapen
Flexible bronchoscopy has changed the course of pulmonary medicine. As technology advances, the role of the flexible bronchoscope for both diagnostic and therapeutic indications is continually expanding. This article reviews the historical development of the flexible bronchoscopy, fundamental uses of the flexible bronchoscope as a tool to examine the central airways and obtain diagnostic tissue, and the indications, complications, and contraindications to flexible bronchoscopy.
March 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
Eun Kyung Choi, Shiback Lee, Deokhee Lee, Sang-Jin Park
Rigid bronchoscopy is commonly used as the standard method to diagnosis and remove obstructive material from the tracheobronchial tree. However, a rigid bronchoscope has limitations when removing a foreign body with surface properties that make it difficult to grasp. We experienced a case that involved the removal of a mucoid impaction, which was accompanied by a near-total unilateral lung collapse, using a Fogarty catheter with flexible bronchoscopy.
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Le Wang, Sukun Lu, Zhishan Feng, Lanfeng Li, Bo Niu, Jinfeng Shuai, Lijie Cao, Guixia Li, Jianhua Liu
The treatment role of flexible bronchoscopy (FOB) for pediatric refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP) has been well documented. Besides, the application indication of FOB is also studied in patients with general MPP (GMPP), especially in those with large pulmonary lesions. This study was designed to examine the diagnostic value of bronchoscopic features for RMPP.The FOB and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) were adopted for pediatric patients who showed clinical and radiograph indications. On the basis of the final diagnosis on discharge, patients were divided into general and refractory MPP groups...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Emily M DeBoer, Jennifer Wagner, Miranda E Kroehl, Joseph Albietz, Robin Shandas, Robin R Deterding, Matthew J Rustici
INTRODUCTION: Training in pediatric flexible bronchoscopy (FB) is predominantly completed on patients. Early trainees are less accurate and slower than experienced bronchoscopists. This report describes the development of a three-dimensional printed airway model and describes how the model was used to teach learners basic FB skills. METHODS: Postgraduate year two (PGY2) pediatric residents completing a 1-month pediatric pulmonology rotation with minimal previous exposure to FB were randomized into a simulation trainee group (n = 18) or a control resident group (n = 9)...
January 29, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Karan Madan, Shiba K Biswal, Saurabh Mittal, Vijay Hadda, Anant Mohan, Gopi C Khilnani, Ravindra M Pandey, Randeep Guleria
BACKGROUND: The ideal concentration of lignocaine for topical anesthesia in bronchoscopy remains investigational. In this randomized, double blind study, we compared 1% versus 2% lignocaine for topical anesthesia. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing bronchoscopy were randomized to receive either 1% or 2% lignocaine solution by spray-as-you-go technique. All received 10% lignocaine spray to the oropharynx along with nasal 2% lignocaine gel. Nebulized lignocaine was not administered...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
Toyomitsu Sawai, Takumi Nakao, Satoru Koga, Shotaro Ide, Sumako Yoshioka, Nobuko Matsuo, Hiroshi Mukae
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis and cryptococcosis co-infection usually occurs in immunosuppressed patients with impaired cell-mediated immunity. However, there are few reports about such co-infection in non-HIV patients without underlying diseases. Here, we report a case of miliary tuberculosis with co-existing pulmonary cryptococcosis in non-HIV patient without underlying diseases. CASE PRESENTATION: An 84-year-old Asian female presented to our hospital with complaints of a 1-week history of abdominal pain and appetite loss...
January 16, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Amithash Marulaiah Prabhudev, Bharti Chogtu, Rahul Magazine
BACKGROUND: Sedation during flexible bronchoscopy is desirable, but the drugs and the dosage protocols that are used vary. OBJECTIVE: To study and compare the effects of midazolam with fentanyl-midazolam combination during flexible bronchoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 144 patients, from October 2013 to July 2015. They answered Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Anxiety subscale and a prebronchoscopy questionnaire to assess their expectation toward flexible bronchoscopy...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
Trisha V Vigneswaran, Eva Kapravelou, Aaron J Bell, Andrew Nyman, Kuberan Pushparajah, John M Simpson, Andrew Durward, Vita Zidere
A right aortic arch (RAA) with a left arterial duct (LAD) together encircle the trachea and have the potential to cause tracheobronchial compression and published guidelines recommend bronchoscopy in symptomatic patients. The aim of the study was to describe the incidence of tracheal compression in a cohort of prenatally diagnosed RAA and LAD. Retrospective review of clinical course and imaging of prenatal cases of RAA and LAD assessed with flexible bronchoscopy over an 11-year period. 34 cases of prenatally diagnosed RAA with LAD underwent bronchoscopy at median age of 9 months (range 0...
January 6, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
František Salajka
Bronchoscopic examination has a key role in diagnosing or further specifying of a broad spectrum of respiratory diseases. Although classic bronchoscopy with its rigid instrumentation still upholds its position, the vast majority of procedures are performed with flexible bronchoscopes. Diagnostic possibilities are broadened by new technical findings and procedures, such as endobronchial ultrasonography, examination through autofluorescence, navigated bronchoscopy and others. The material for cytological, microbiological or other examinations can be sampled through a whole number of procedures using specialized instruments...
2018: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
Y S Li, S L Guo, X H Yi, M L Xiao, X X Jin, Y Xiao, X Y Zhu, X Li, L W Dai, Z Ao, X Z Liu, M Ding
Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of transbronchial cryobiopsy (TBCB) for the etiologic evaluation of diffuse lung disease (DLD). Methods: Between December 2015 to April 2017, a total of 38 patients with DLD met the inclusion criteria for TBCB in the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, and 35 of them consented to undergo the procedure under rigid or flexible bronchoscopy. On the tissues obtained from the 35 patients, histopathologic and microbiological evaluations were performed, and together with clinical and radiological manifestations, diagnoses were made and the efficacy of TBCB in the diagnosis of DLD was confirmed, and then therapies were planned accordingly...
December 12, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Rahil Giti, Massood Hosseinzadeh
Flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy is often the initial technique for diagnosis of lung and bronchial tumors. Many studies have shown the high accuracy rate of bronchial washing and brushing cytology in the evaluation of neoplastic and non-neoplastic bronchopulmonary lesions. The aim of this study is to emphasize the value of the bronchial cytologic findings for diagnosis of non-neoplastic bronchopulmonary lesions. In a cross-sectional study, we retrieved all cases with bronchial washing and brushing cytology from 21 Mach 2014 to 21 December 2015...
October 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
S R Fang, Y J Liu, N J Su, Y Shu, W Gu
Objective: To investigate the feasibility of using bispectral index monitoring in sedation and analgesia for bronchoscopy. Methods: Totally 285 patients admitted to the Respiratory Medicine Department of Nanjing First Hospital for bronchoscopy between June 2016 and December 2016 were assigned, according to their own wishes, into a conscious sedation group (171 cases receiving local anesthesia and conscious sedation, 89 males, 82 females, mean age 59±10 years) and a control group (114 cases undergoing local anesthesia, 59 males, 55 females, average age 61±12 years)...
December 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Hemanshoo Thakkar, Manasvi Upadhyaya, Iain E Yardley
AIM: Oesophagealatresia/tracheo-oesophageal fistula (OA-TOF) is associated with tracheomalacia (TM). In our institution it is routine for OA-TOF patients to undergo dynamic flexible bronchoscopy (DFB) assessing both the site of the fistula and the presence or absence of TM. We aimed to determine the value of this investigation as a screening tool to predict subsequent symptomatic tracheomalacia in these patients. METHODS: All patients with OA-TOF who underwent DFB at the time of initial repair between June 2014 and November 2016 were included prospectively...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"