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Deglution disorders

J Finsterer, C Stöllberger, T Pulgram
BACKGROUND: Atrioesophageal fistulas (AEF) are a life-threatening complication of left atrial ablation for atrial fibrillation or other atrial rhythm disorders, which mostly manifest as neurological deficits. AEFs result in an overflow of esophageal contents into the left atrium with subsequent systemic embolization. RESULTS: AEFs have been reported in 40 patients, including 18 males, between 35 and 72 years of age. AEFs manifested clinically between 3 and 36 days following the ablation...
February 2011: Der Nervenarzt
Daniela Iacob, Otilia Fufezan, Dorin Farcau, Natalia Hagău, Constantin Ciuce
Achalasia is a primary esophageal motor disorder of unknown etiology characterized by insufficient lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation in response to deglution. We present the case of a child diagnosed with asthma, with no response to asthma treatment. On account of associating dysphagia, regurgitation of food and weight loss he was given an abdominal ultrasound that revealed a massive dilated and narrowing of its distal segment esophagus. Ultrasound examination proved to be a good diagnostic tool, reorienting from the initial asthma diagnosis to the correct achalasia diagnosis, confirmed through barium swallow, upper digestive endoscopy and esophageal manometry...
March 2010: Medical Ultrasonography
D A De Luis, O Izaola, R Prieto, M Mateos, R Aller, G Cabezas, S Rojo, C Terroba, T Martín, L Cuéllar
BACKGROUND: Decrease in the capacity to deglution solids and liquids is a problem in many people, this problem decreases quality of life. The main objective of our work was to evaluate the influence in elderly ambulatory patients with dysphagia of a texture modified diet ready to use on nutritional parameters and quality of life. METHODS: We enrolled 29 patients from Nutrition Department with dysphagia and an age over 70 years. Patients received a texture modified diet supplemented with dehydrated nutritional products (Resource Ready) (1,633 kcal, 59,9 g proteins (16%), 52,1 g lipids (29%), 231,7 g carbohydrates (57%), 11,1g de fiber, 82 mg cholesterol)...
January 2009: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
L Alcázar, P Jerez, J C Gómez-Angulo, M Tamarit, R Navarro, J M Ortega, P Aragonés, F Salazar, J M Del Pozo
Forestier's disease or diffuse idiophatic skeletal hyperostosis is a systemic reumathological abnormality of unknown etiology. It produces calcificationossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament. The low dorsal region is the most affected in the raquis. These patients are tipically asymptomatic or with few symptoms (minimal joint pain, spinal pain, stiffness). Dysphagia is the most common symptom when the disease affects the cervical spine; less frequent is dyspnea, both secondary to extrinsic compression of the esophagus and trachea...
August 2008: Neurocirugía
Ludmiła Halczy-Kowalik, Rościsław Wysocki, Violetta Posio
PURPOSE: The coordination of the respiratory and alimentary function is indispensable to transport the food from the oral cavity to the stomach without aspiration risk. Disturbances during pharyngeal phase of swallowing, registered after oral tumour excision, are caused by diminishing of the tongue shape, decreasing of gustatory sensitivity and oral stereognosis. The aim of the work is to estimate the influence the oral tissue excision to the pharyngeal phase of deglution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: videoradiological examination of deglutition by W...
2006: Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis
M Faubel Serra, L Pardo Mateu, F Perez Climent, M T Llavero Segovia, B Cano Cuenca, E Grau Alario, F Gimenez Vaillo, P Canals Ruiz
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a progressive degenerative neuromuscular disease of insidious onset. It involves upper and lower motor neurons and causes both spastic and atrophic muscular symptoms. More than one fourth of patients have complaints relating to the head and neck (bulbar palsy); thus, the otolaryngologist may be the first physician to see them. In bulbar forms of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, voice and/or swallowing difficulties are often the initial signs of disturbance. Predominant symptoms are slurred speech, hoarseness, dysphagia, and dyspnea...
2006: Anales Otorrinolaringológicos Ibero-americanos
R C H Scheffer, M Samsom, A Haverkamp, J Oors, G S Hebbard, H G Gooszen
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the effect of fundoplication on liquid and solid bolus transit across the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) in relation to EGJ dynamics and dysphagia. METHODS: Twelve patients with gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) were studied before and after fundoplication. Concurrent high-resolution EGJ manometry and fluoroscopy were performed whilst swallowing liquid barium and a solid bolus. The EGJ transit time, EGJ opening duration, transit efficacy, and EGJ relaxation were measured...
August 2005: American Journal of Gastroenterology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 1952: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
A Sasaki
Postoperative swallowing disorders have been studied in 17 consecutive esophageal cancer patients who had undergone an esophagectomy with a lymph node dissection and a cervical anastomosis via the posterior mediastinal route. The patients were divided into two groups: those manifesting postoperative abnormal aspiration episodes (aspiration group: 6 cases), and those without such episodes (non-aspiration group: 11 cases). Pharyngoesophageal manometry and scintigraphic measurement of the oropharyngeal transit of a liquid bolus was done on 14th postoperative day and at hospital discharge...
June 1994: Nihon Geka Gakkai Zasshi
F Mearin, M Papo, J R Malagelada
Achalasia is considered a primary motility disorder confined to the oesophagus. The lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS) in achalasia is frequently hypertonic and manifests absent or incomplete relaxation in response to deglution. On the other hand, the LOS and the proximal stomach act physiologically as a functional unit whereby relaxation of the LOS during deglution is associated with receptive relaxation of the proximal stomach. Thus, this study investigated the hypothesis that impaired LOS relaxation in patients with achalasia might be associated with impaired relaxation of the proximal stomach...
March 1995: Gut
T Onodera, A Yamashita, Y Yoshioka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1982: [Kango Gijutsu]: [Nursing Technique]
M L Falk, J R Delaney, R L Litt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1979: Angle Orthodontist
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