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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541217/towards-concurrent-data-transmission-exploiting-plasmid-diversity-by-bacterial-conjugation
#1
Bige D Unluturk, M Siblee Islam, Sasitharan Balasubramaniam, Stepan Ivanov
The progress of molecular communication is tightly connected to the progress of nanomachine design. State-of-the-art states that nanomachines can be built either from novel nanomaterials by the help of nanotechnology or they can be built from living cells which are modified to function as intended by synthetic biology. With the growing need of biomedical applications of MC, we focus on developing bio-compatible communication systems by engineering the cells to become MC nanomachines. Since this approach relies on modifying cellular functions, the improvements in the performance can only be achieved by integrating new biological properties...
May 23, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534785/efficient-hardware-implementation-of-real-time-low-power-movement-intention-detector-system-using-fft-and-adaptive-wavelet-transform
#2
Alireza Chamanzar, Mahdi Shabany, Alireza Malekmohammadi, Sara Mohammadinejad
The brain-computer interfacing (BCI), a platform to extract features and classify different motor movement tasks from noisy and highly correlated electroencephalogram signals, is limited mostly by the complex and power-hungry algorithms. Among different techniques recently devised to tackle this issue, real-time onset detection, due to its negligible delay and minimal power overhead, is the most efficient one. Here, we propose a novel algorithm that outperforms the state-of-the-art design by sixfold in terms of speed, without sacrificing the accuracy for a real-time, hand movement intention detection based on the adaptive wavelet transform with only 1 s detection delay and maximum sensitivity of 88% and selectivity of 78% (only 7% loss of sensitivity)...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527559/patient-safety-consultants-adding-to-patient-care-or-overhead-costs
#3
EDITORIAL
Heather Ead
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526423/pseudoparalysis-a-systematic-review-of-term-definitions-treatment-approaches-and-outcomes-of-management-techniques
#4
REVIEW
John M Tokish, Thomas C Alexander, Michael J Kissenberth, Richard J Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Pseudoparalysis remains one of the most challenging conditions in shoulder surgery. Long thought of as an unsolvable problem, recent advances in surgical techniques offer potential return of overhead motion in the setting of massive irreparable rotator cuff tears. This article summarizes the available literature including existing definitions and the results of different treatment approaches regarding range of motion, outcome scores, and reversal. METHODS: In accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, a systematic review of the MEDLINE database, Cochrane database, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Google Scholar database was performed for studies that defined a preoperative shoulder group as having pseudoparalysis...
June 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523274/identification-of-braf-positive-cases-based-on-whole-slide-image-analysis
#5
Vlad Popovici, Aleš Křenek, Eva Budinská
A key requirement for precision medicine is the accurate identification of patients that would respond to a specific treatment or those that represent a high-risk group, and a plethora of molecular biomarkers have been proposed for this purpose during the last decade. Their application in clinical settings, however, is not always straightforward due to relatively high costs of some tests, limited availability of the biological material and time, and procedural constraints. Hence, there is an increasing interest in constructing tissue-based surrogate biomarkers that could be applied with minimal overhead directly to histopathology images and which could be used for guiding the selection of eventual further molecular tests...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522828/efficient-wideband-numerical-simulations-for-nanostructures-employing-a-drude-critical-points-dcp-dispersive-model
#6
Qiang Ren, Jogender Nagar, Lei Kang, Yusheng Bian, Ping Werner, Douglas H Werner
A highly efficient numerical approach for simulating the wideband optical response of nano-architectures comprised of Drude-Critical Points (DCP) media (e.g., gold and silver) is proposed and validated through comparing with commercial computational software. The kernel of this algorithm is the subdomain level discontinuous Galerkin time domain (DGTD) method, which can be viewed as a hybrid of the spectral-element time-domain method (SETD) and the finite-element time-domain (FETD) method. An hp-refinement technique is applied to decrease the Degrees-of-Freedom (DoFs) and computational requirements...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513271/college-pitchers-demonstrate-directional-differences-in-shoulder-joint-position-sense-compared-to-controls
#7
John Andrew Badagliacco, Andrew Karduna
CONTEXT: The relationship between overhead throwing and its effect on proprioception is not well understood. It is important to gain a better understanding of how these are related to protect overhead athletes from an increased risk of injury. OBJECTIVE: To investigate proprioceptive alterations in the overhead thrower's shoulder. DESIGN: Cross-Sectional Study. Independent variables are: limb (dominant and non-dominant), group (thrower or control), and target angle...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508763/radiological-outcomes-of-overhead-traction-therapy-for-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-in-non-ambulatory-children
#8
Marcin K Waśko, Szymon Pietrzak, Anna Szarejko, Waldemar Przybysz, Tomasz Parol, Jarosław Czubak
BACKGROUND: Infants with a dislocated and unstable hip that does not lend itself to stabilisation may be treated using overhead traction to achieve gradual reduction of the hip joint. The aim of this paper was to analyse the radiological outcomes of overhead traction therapy and the effect of duration of traction on the occurrence of complications and final treatment outcomes. Material and methodd. A retrospective analysis of medical records of 26 children (34 affected hips) involved three independent observers assessing radiological parameters before the surgery and at follow-up visits at least two years after the therapy...
April 12, 2017: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505076/comprehensive-and-highly-accurate-measurements-of-crane-runways-profiles-and-fastenings
#9
Dirk Dennig, Johannes Bureick, Johannes Link, Dmitri Diener, Christian Hesse, Ingo Neumann
The process of surveying crane runways has been continually refined due to the competitive situation, modern surveying instruments, additional sensors, accessories and evaluation procedures. Guidelines, such as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 12488-1, define target values that must be determined by survey. For a crane runway these are for example the span, the position and height of the rails. The process has to be objective and reproducible. However, common processes of surveying crane runways do not meet these requirements sufficiently...
May 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504932/generalizing-pooling-functions-in-cnns-mixed-gated-and-tree
#10
Chen-Yu Lee, Patrick Gallagher, Zhuowen Tu
In this paper, we seek to improve deep neural networks by generalizing the pooling operations that play a central role in the current architectures. We pursue a careful exploration of approaches to allow pooling to learn and to adapt to complex and variable patterns. The two primary directions lie in: (1) learning a pooling function via (two strategies of) combining of max and average pooling, and (2) learning a pooling function in the form of a tree-structured fusion of pooling filters that are themselves learned...
May 12, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498227/mechanisms-and-treatments-for-shoulder-injuries-in-overhead-throwing-athletes
#11
Jason L Zaremski, Joseph G Wasser, Heather K Vincent
Shoulder injuries in overhead throwing athletes are very common. Throwing volume and mechanical forces that are placed on the glenohumeral joint and associated soft tissue structures are contributors. Poor biomechanics and weak links in the kinetic chain place this athletic population at increased risk for shoulder injuries. Common biomechanical deficiencies in overhead throwing athletes typically involve poor sequential timing of muscle activity and insufficient coordination also presented in shoulder elevation and other functional tasks...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489910/random-domain-name-and-address-mutation-rdam-for-thwarting-reconnaissance-attacks
#12
Kai Wang, Xi Chen, Yuefei Zhu
Network address shuffling is a novel moving target defense (MTD) that invalidates the address information collected by the attacker by dynamically changing or remapping the host's network addresses. However, most network address shuffling methods are limited by the limited address space and rely on the host's static domain name to map to its dynamic address; therefore these methods cannot effectively defend against random scanning attacks, and cannot defend against an attacker who knows the target's domain name...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486196/factors-controlling-headspace-pressure-in-a-manual-manometric-bmp-method-can-be-used-to-produce-a-methane-output-comparable-to-ampts
#13
H Himanshu, M A Voelklein, J D Murphy, J Grant, P O'Kiely
The manual manometric biochemical methane potential (mBMP) test uses the increase in pressure to calculate the gas produced. This gas production may be affected by the headspace volume in the incubation bottle and by the overhead pressure measurement and release (OHPMR) frequency. The biogas and methane yields of cellulose, barley, silage and slurry were compared with three incubation bottle headspace volumes (50, 90 and 180ml; constant 70ml total medium) and four OHPMR frequencies (daily, each third day, weekly and solely at the end of experiment)...
April 26, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481298/vulnerability-and-diversity-aware-anonymization-of-personally-identifiable-information-for-improving-user-privacy-and-utility-of-publishing-data
#14
Abdul Majeed, Farman Ullah, Sungchang Lee
Personally identifiable information (PII) affects individual privacy because PII combinations may yield unique identifications in published data. User PII such as age, race, gender, and zip code contain private information that may assist an adversary in determining the user to whom such information relates. Each item of user PII reveals identity differently, and some types of PII are highly identity vulnerable. More vulnerable types of PII enable unique identification more easily, and their presence in published data increases privacy risks...
May 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475336/performance-of-td-dft-for-excited-states-of-open-shell-transition-metal-compounds
#15
Bingbing Suo, Kaiyuan Shen, Zhendong Li, Wenjian Liu
Time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) has been very successful in accessing low-lying excited states of closed-shell systems. However, it is much less so for excited states of open-shell systems: unrestricted Kohn-Sham based TD-DFT (U-TD-DFT) often produces physically meaningless excited states due to heavy spin contaminations, whereas restricted Kohn-Sham based TD-DFT often misses those states of lower energies. A much better variant is the explicitly spin-adapted TD-DFT (X-TD-DFT) [J. Chem. Phys...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467381/distributed-and-modular-can-based-architecture-for-hardware-control-and-sensor-data-integration
#16
Diego P Losada, Joaquín L Fernández, Enrique Paz, Rafael Sanz
In this article, we present a CAN-based (Controller Area Network) distributed system to integrate sensors, actuators and hardware controllers in a mobile robot platform. With this work, we provide a robust, simple, flexible and open system to make hardware elements or subsystems communicate, that can be applied to different robots or mobile platforms. Hardware modules can be connected to or disconnected from the CAN bus while the system is working. It has been tested in our mobile robot Rato, based on a RWI (Real World Interface) mobile platform, to replace the old sensor and motor controllers...
May 3, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464930/comparative-costs-and-activity-from-a-sample-of-uk-clinical-trials-units
#17
Daniel Hind, Barnaby C Reeves, Sarah Bathers, Christopher Bray, Andrea Corkhill, Christopher Hayward, Lynda Harper, Vicky Napp, John Norrie, Chris Speed, Liz Tremain, Nicola Keat, Mike Bradburn
BACKGROUND: The costs of medical research are a concern. Clinical Trials Units (CTUs) need to better understand variations in the costs of their activities. METHODS: Representatives of ten CTUs and two grant-awarding bodies pooled their experiences in discussions over 1.5 years. Five of the CTUs provided estimates of, and written justification for, costs associated with CTU activities required to implement an identical protocol. The protocol described a 5.5-year, nonpharmacological randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted at 20 centres...
May 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461966/management-of-the-first-episode-of-traumatic-shoulder-dislocation
#18
REVIEW
Michele Boffano, Stefano Mortera, Raimondo Piana
Shoulder joint dislocation is the most common joint dislocation seen in the emergency department.Traumatic dislocation may cause damage to the soft-tissues surrounding the shoulder joint and sometimes to the bone. The treatment, which aims at restoration of a fully functioning, pain-free and stable shoulder, includes either conservative or surgical management preceded by closed reduction of the acute dislocation.Conservative management usually requires a period of rest, generally involving immobilisation of the arm in a sling, even though it is still debated whether to immobilise the shoulder in internal or external rotation...
February 2017: EFORT Open Rev
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458448/evaluating-the-improvement-in-shear-wave-speed-image-quality-using-multidimensional-directional-filters-in-the-presence-of-reflection-artifacts
#19
Samantha L Lipman, Ned C Rouze, Mark L Palmeri, Kathryn R Nightingale
Shear waves propagating through interfaces where there is a change in stiffness cause reflected waves that can lead to artifacts in shear wave speed (SWS) reconstructions. Two-dimensional (2-D) directional filters are commonly used to reduce in-plane reflected waves; however, SWS artifacts arise from both in- and out-of-imaging-plane reflected waves. Herein, we introduce 3-D shear wave reconstruction methods as an extension of the previous 2-D estimation methods and quantify the reduction in image artifacts through the use of volumetric SWS monitoring and 4-D-directional filters...
August 2016: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456279/calibration-transfer-of-a-raman-spectroscopic-quantification-method-from-at-line-to-in-line-assessment-of-liquid-detergent-compositions
#20
D Brouckaert, J-S Uyttersprot, W Broeckx, T De Beer
The industrial production of liquid detergent compositions entails delicate balance of ingredients and process steps. In order to assure high quality and productivity in the manufacturing line, process analytical technology tools such as Raman spectroscopy are to be implemented. Marked chemical specificity, negligible water interference and high robustness are ascribed to this process analytical technique. Previously, at-line calibration models have been developed for determining the concentration levels of the being studied liquid detergents main ingredients from Raman spectra...
June 8, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
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