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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334122/a-laboratory-evaluation-of-chemigation-to-manage-stink-bugs-hemiptera-pentatomidae
#1
Xing Wei, Phillip M Roberts, Wesley M Porter, Calvin D Perry, Michael D Toews
Application of insecticides for stink bug management through overhead irrigation, also called chemigation, could reduce application costs, soil compaction, and applicator exposure, while enabling growers to treat multiple fields simultaneously. The objective of these laboratory experiments was to compare knockdown, survival, and efficacy of insecticides when appropriately diluted for ground sprayer and chemigation applications. Treatments included water, bifenthrin [0.11 kg (AI)/ha] and dicrotophos [0.56 kg (AI)/ha] diluted for a ground sprayer (93...
February 11, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327936/guidock-vnc-using-a-graphical-desktop-sharing-system-to-provide-a-browser-based-interface-for-containerized-software
#2
Varun Mittal, Ling-Hong Hung, Jayant Keswani, Daniel Kristiyanto, Sung Bong Lee, Ka Yee Yeung
Background: Software container technology such as Docker can be used to package and distribute bioinformatics workflows consisting of multiple software implementations and dependencies. However, Docker is a command line based tool and many bioinformatics pipelines consist of components that require a graphical user interface. Findings: We present a container tool called GUIdock-VNC that uses a graphical desktop sharing system to provide a browser-based interface for containerized software...
February 24, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327443/correcting-delayed-circadian-phase-with-bright-light-therapy-predicts-improvement-in-adhd-symptoms-a-pilot-study
#3
Rachel E Fargason, Aaron D Fobian, Lauren M Hablitz, Jodi R Paul, Brittny A White, Karen L Cropsey, Karen L Gamble
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common condition with comorbid insomnia reported in >70% of children and adults. These patients demonstrate delays in sleep-wake rhythms, nocturnal rise in melatonin, and early morning rise in cortisol. Given that standard psychopharmacologic treatments for ADHD often do not completely control symptoms in participants with circadian rhythm delay, we sought to test whether bright light therapy (BLT) advances circadian rhythms and further reduces ADHD symptoms over standard treatments...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322881/the-cost-of-implementing-two-small-media-interventions-to-promote-hpv-vaccination
#4
Siddharth S Karanth, David R Lairson, Danmeng Huang, Lara S Savas, Sally W Vernon, María E Fernández
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost of implementing lay health worker delivered print-based photonovella intervention and iPad-based tailored interactive multimedia intervention (TIMI) to promote Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake and completion among Hispanic parents of daughters 9-17years old. METHODS: We recruited 301 participants in control, 422 in photonovella, and 239 in TIMI clinics. Intervention costs were estimated using micro-costing from the societal perspective...
March 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306308/application-of-a-resource-theory-for-magic-states-to-fault-tolerant-quantum-computing
#5
Mark Howard, Earl Campbell
Motivated by their necessity for most fault-tolerant quantum computation schemes, we formulate a resource theory for magic states. First, we show that robustness of magic is a well-behaved magic monotone that operationally quantifies the classical simulation overhead for a Gottesman-Knill-type scheme using ancillary magic states. Our framework subsequently finds immediate application in the task of synthesizing non-Clifford gates using magic states. When magic states are interspersed with Clifford gates, Pauli measurements, and stabilizer ancillas-the most general synthesis scenario-then the class of synthesizable unitaries is hard to characterize...
March 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304367/all-direction-random-routing-for-source-location-privacy-protecting-against-parasitic-sensor-networks
#6
Na Wang, Jiwen Zeng
Wireless sensor networks are deployed to monitor the surrounding physical environments and they also act as the physical environments of parasitic sensor networks, whose purpose is analyzing the contextual privacy and obtaining valuable information from the original wireless sensor networks. Recently, contextual privacy issues associated with wireless communication in open spaces have not been thoroughly addressed and one of the most important challenges is protecting the source locations of the valuable packages...
March 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299643/retention-of-the-first-trial-effect-in-gait-slip-among-community-living-older-adults
#7
Xuan Liu, Tanvi Bhatt, Shuaijie Wang, Feng Yang, Yi-Chung Clive Pai
"First-trial effect" characterizes the rapid adaptive behavior that changes the performance outcome (from fall to non-fall) after merely a single exposure to postural disturbance. The purpose of this study was to investigate how long the first-trial effect could last. Seventy-five (≥ 65 years) community-dwelling older adults, who were protected by an overhead full body harness system, were retested for a single slip 6-12 months after their initial exposure to a single gait-slip. Subjects' body kinematics that was used to compute their proactive (feedforward) and reactive (feedback) control of stability was recorded by an eight-camera motion analysis system...
February 2017: Geroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299434/pathologies-of-the-shoulder-and-elbow-affecting-the-overhead-throwing-athlete
#8
REVIEW
Sean Wo, Hyojeong Mulcahy, Michael L Richardson, Felix S Chew, Albert Gee, Jason Hsu, Jack Porrino
The overhead-throwing athlete is susceptible to a variety of predictable disease entities affecting the shoulder and elbow. While the pathophysiology and nomenclature of these diseases are ubiquitous throughout the clinical literature, this information is sparse within the radiology domain. We provide a comprehensive review of these unique injuries with accompanying imaging features in an effort to enhance the role of the radiologist during the management of the overhead thrower. When appropriately recognized and described, the imaging features aid in establishing a diagnosis and ultimately the implementation of appropriate clinical management...
March 16, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293282/modeling-and-optimization-of-nanoemulsion-containing-sorafenib-for-cancer-treatment-by-response-surface-methodology
#9
Zahra Izadiyan, Mahiran Basri, Hamid Reza Fard Masoumi, Roghayeh Abedi Karjiban, Norazlinaliza Salim, Kamyar Shameli
The aim of this study is the development of nanoemulsions for intravenous administration of Sorafenib, which is a poorly soluble drug with no parenteral treatment. The formulation was prepared by a high energy emulsification method and optimized by response surface methodology. The effects of overhead stirring time, high shear rate, high shear time, and cycles of high-pressure homogenizer were studied in the preparation of nanoemulsion loaded with Sorafenib. Most of the particles in nanoemulsion are spherical in shape, the smallest particle size being 82...
2017: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289818/patients-expectations-of-shoulder-instability-repair
#10
Johannes E Plath, Tim Saier, Matthias J Feucht, Philipp Minzlaff, Gernot Seppel, Sepp Braun, Daniel Hatch, Andreas B Imhoff
PURPOSE: To analyze and compare patient expectations of primary and revision shoulder stabilization and to assess the factors associated with patients' expectations. METHODS: Pre-operative patient expectations after shoulder instability repair were prospectively assessed using a self-designed questionnaire. The survey included questions on the expected level and type of return to sports, instability, pain, risk of osteoarthritis, and overall shoulder condition. RESULTS: One-hundred and forty-five patients (99 primary; 46 revision repair) were included...
March 13, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287685/care-of-shoulder-pain-in-the-overhead-athlete
#11
Joseph Chorley, Richard E Eccles, Armand Scurfield
Shoulder complaints are common in the overhead athlete. Understanding the biomechanics of throwing and swimming requires understanding the importance of maintaining the glenohumeral relationship of the shoulder. Capsular laxity, humeral retrotorsion, glenoid retroversion, glenohumeral internal rotation deficit, and scapular dyskinesis can all contribute to shoulder dysfunction and pain. Injuries are more likely during peak height velocity, especially when coupled with overuse, previous injuries not adequately treated, or change in the demands on the shoulder such as a new technique, bigger field, or longer race...
March 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287434/a-novel-joint-power-and-feedback-bit-allocation-interference-alignment-scheme-for-wireless-sensor-networks
#12
Shibao Li, Chang He, Yixin Wang, Yang Zhang, Jianhang Liu, Tingpei Huang
It is necessary to improve the energy efficiency of batteries in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). The multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) technique has become an important means to ameliorate WSNs, and interference management is the core of improving energy efficiency. A promising approach is interference alignment (IA), which effectively reduces the interference and improves the throughput of a system in the MIMO interference channels. However, the IA scheme requires perfect channel state information (CSI) at all transceivers in practice, which results in considerable feedback overhead...
March 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284923/vascular-quadrilateral-space-syndrome-in-three-overhead-throwing-athletes-an-underdiagnosed-cause-of-digital-ischemia
#13
Johnathon Rollo, David Rigberg, Hugh Gelabert
Vascular quadrilateral space syndrome (vQSS) is an underdiagnosed cause of extremity ischemia, pain and paresthesia in overhand throwing athletes. The mechanism of vQSS is thought to result from repeated abduction and external rotation of the arm leading to a distraction injury of the posterior circumflex humoral artery (PCHA) as this courses through the quadrilateral space. This trauma may cause dissection and dissecting aneurysm formation. Thrombus from this arterial injury then embolizes down the arm resulting in the symptomatic presentation...
March 8, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278457/collaborative-index-embedding-for-image-retrieval
#14
Wengang Zhou, Houqiang Li, Jian Sun, Qi Tian
In content-based image retrieval, SIFT feature and the feature from deep convolutional neural network (CNN) have demonstrated promising performance. To fully explore both visual features in a unified framework for effective and efficient retrieval, we propose a collaborative index embedding method to implicitly integrate the index matrices of them. We formulate the index embedding as an optimization problem from the perspective of neighborhood sharing and solve it with an alternating index update scheme. After the iterative embedding, only the embedded CNN index is kept for on-line query, which demonstrates significant gain in retrieval accuracy, with very economical memory cost...
March 1, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277169/predicted-endurance-times-during-overhead-work-influences-of-duty-cycle-and-tool-mass-estimated-using-perceived-discomfort
#15
Deepti Sood, Maury A Nussbaum, Kris Hager, Helen C Nogueira
A need for overhead work remains in several industries and such work is an important risk factor for shoulder musculoskeletal problems. In this study, we evaluated the effects of duty cycle and tool mass on endurance times during overhead work. A psychophysical approach was used, via a new methodology that was implemented to more efficiently estimate endurance times (rather than through direct measurements). Participants performed a simulated overhead task in specified combinations of tool mass and duty cycle...
February 21, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276991/evaluation-of-common-elbow-pathologies-a-focus-on-physical-examination
#16
Joseph Laratta, Jon-Michael Caldwell, Joseph Lombardi, William Levine, Christopher Ahmad
Elbow tendinopathy accounts for the majority of elbow pathology in patients presenting to upper extremity and sports medicine surgeons. With increased participation in overhead sports in an aging population, the incidence of elbow injuries has risen. A comprehensive knowledge of elbow anatomy and biomechanical function of the elbow complex is prerequisite in the assessment of patients with elbow injuries; however, a thorough understanding of alternative and confounding pathologies is essential for accurate diagnosis...
February 22, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276988/are-professional-handball-players-at-risk-for-developing-a-glenohumeral-internal-rotation-deficit-in-their-dominant-arm
#17
Pedro Seabra, Carola F Van Eck, Márcia Sá, João Torres
OBJECTIVES: Overhead athletes, such as baseball players, have been shown to have adaptive changes in the shoulder range of motion (ROM) of their dominant arm. Professional handball players are a unique subtype of overhead athletes with very different demands from baseball players. The aim of this study was to determine if professional handball players demonstrate differences in shoulder ROM between their dominant and non-dominant arm and try to relate them with new variables. METHODS: Fifty professional male handball players were included and completed a questionnaire regarding age at which they started to play, number of hours they practice a week, field position and arm dominance...
February 28, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276144/malpractice-reduction-and-standardization-of-care-2-sides-of-the-same-coin
#18
Steven L Clark
The tort system in the U.S. functions poorly in adjudicating blame and providing compensation for adverse medical outcomes, and the overhead costs of this system are exorbitant. (Studdert etal.NEngJMed2006;354: 2024-33) The question is whether the system can be improved within the constraints of fairness and justice to both patients and providers, and the financial realities of a broken U.S. health care system. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
March 9, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269031/towards-development-of-a-mobile-rf-doppler-sensor-for-continuous-heart-rate-variability-and-blood-pressure-monitoring
#19
Insoo Kim, Yusuf A Bhagat
The standard in noninvasive blood pressure (BP) measurement is an inflatable cuff device based on the oscillometric method, which poses several practical challenges for continuous BP monitoring. Here, we present a novel ultra-wide band RF Doppler radar sensor for next-generation mobile interface for the purpose of characterizing fluid flow speeds, and for ultimately measuring cuffless blood flow in the human wrist. The system takes advantage of the 7.1~10.5 GHz ultra-wide band signals which can reduce transceiver complexity and power consumption overhead...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268694/adaptive-data-processing-for-real-time-nutrition-monitoring
#20
Anahita Hosseini, Haik Kalantarian, Majid Sarrafzadeh
The issue of time-series segmentation refers to the division of continuous sensor data into discrete windows, each of which are processed individually and assigned a class label. Unlike offline data processing scenarios, segmentation for low-power wearable devices must balance the juxtaposed aims of accuracy and computational efficiency. In this paper, we propose a novel scheme for segmentation of sparse sensor data using an adaptive window size approach. Our results are benchmarked on an audio-based nutrition monitoring dataset, and show a reduction in processing overhead of 68% compared to the baseline with fixed window sizes...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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