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Survivors of childhood cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222219/longitudinal-follow-up-of-adult-survivors-of-ewing-sarcoma-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study
#1
Neyssa M Marina, Qi Liu, Sarah S Donaldson, Charles A Sklar, Gregory T Armstrong, Kevin C Oeffinger, Wendy M Leisenring, Jill P Ginsberg, Tara O Henderson, Joseph P Neglia, Marilyn A Stovall, Yutaka Yasui, R Lor Randall, David S Geller, Leslie L Robison, Kirsten K Ness
BACKGROUND: Ewing sarcoma survivors (ESSs) are at increased risk for treatment-related complications. The incidence of treatment-related morbidity and late mortality with aging is unknown. METHODS: This study reports survival probabilities, estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method, and the cumulative incidence of cause-specific mortality and chronic conditions among ESSs in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study who were treated between 1970 and 1986. Piecewise exponential models were used to estimate relative rates (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for these outcomes...
February 21, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214419/recommendations-for-gonadotoxicity-surveillance-in-male-childhood-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-report-from-the-international-late-effects-of-childhood-cancer-guideline-harmonization-group-in-collaboration-with-the-pancaresurfup-consortium
#2
REVIEW
Roderick Skinner, Renee L Mulder, Leontien C Kremer, Melissa M Hudson, Louis S Constine, Edit Bardi, Annelies Boekhout, Anja Borgmann-Staudt, Morven C Brown, Richard Cohn, Uta Dirksen, Alexsander Giwercman, Hiroyuki Ishiguro, Kirsi Jahnukainen, Lisa B Kenney, Jacqueline J Loonen, Lilian Meacham, Sebastian Neggers, Stephen Nussey, Cecilia Petersen, Margarett Shnorhavorian, Marry M van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Hanneke M van Santen, William H B Wallace, Daniel M Green
Treatment with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or surgery that involves reproductive organs can cause impaired spermatogenesis, testosterone deficiency, and physical sexual dysfunction in male pubertal, adolescent, and young adult cancer survivors. Guidelines for surveillance and management of potential adverse effects could improve cancer survivors' health and quality of life. Surveillance recommendations vary considerably, causing uncertainty about optimum screening practices. This clinical practice guideline recommended by the International Late Effects of Childhood Cancer Guideline Harmonization Group in collaboration with the PanCareSurFup Consortium, developed using evidence-based methodology, critically synthesises surveillance recommendations for gonadotoxicity in male childhood, adolescent, and young adult (CAYA) cancer survivors...
February 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205419/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-late-sequelae-in-long-term-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Peter Scholz-Kreisel, Claudia Spix, Maria Blettner, Susan Eckerle, Jörg Faber, Philipp Wild, Hiltrud Merzenich, Ulrike Hennewig
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are well-known late effects of childhood cancer and research on these late effects is a highly important emerging field. We conducted a systematic review with a meta-analysis to give an overview of the current evidence and the prevalence of late cardiovascular events. PROCEDURE: We included publications in which the study populations were children and adolescents who survived cancer. Outcome was defined as all cardiovascular clinical and subclinical endpoints or diagnoses appearing at least one year after cancer diagnosis...
February 16, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182813/second-malignant-neoplasms-in-childhood-cancer-survivors-treated-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-oncology-centre
#4
Jia Wei Lim, Frances Sh Yeap, Yiong Huak Chan, Allen Ej Yeoh, Thuan Chong Quah, Poh Lin Tan
Introduction: One of the most feared complications of childhood cancer treatment is second malignant neoplasms (SMNs). This study evaluates the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of SMNs in a tertiary paediatric oncology centre in Singapore. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on patients diagnosed with childhood cancer under age 21 and treated at the National University Hospital, Singapore, from January 1990 to 15 April 2012. Case records of patients with SMNs were reviewed. Results: We identified 1124 cases of childhood cancers with a median follow-up of 3...
January 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176655/epigenetics-in-clinical-management-of-children-and-adolescents-with-brain-tumors
#5
Andres Morales La Madrid, Mark W Kieran
Central nervous system (CNS) tumors represent the second most prevalent group of cancers in children and adolescents, yet account for the majority of childhood cancer-related deaths and considerable morbidity among survivors, due to high-intensity non-selective standard therapies delivered to immature nervous system structures undergoing development. These tumors arise at different ages -not infrequently very early in life-, in different locations and cellular contexts, have varied cell types of origin, and have heterogeneous responses to the "classic" current therapeutic approaches...
February 3, 2017: Current Cancer Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169481/adverse-health-outcomes-and-health-concerns-among-survivors-of-various-childhood-cancers-perspectives-from-mothers
#6
C C Hsiao, S S Chiou, H-T Hsu, P C Lin, Y M Liao, L-M Wu
Advanced therapies have improved outcomes and also resulted in a growing risk of long-term adverse health events. This study intends to estimate incidences of adverse health events and examine differences in adverse health events among childhood cancer survivors, and to understand the concerns of mothers after their child has completed cancer treatment. An explanatory sequential mixed-method was used. A total of 201 paediatric cancer survivors' mothers with mean age 43.6 years were recruited. Of the survivors, 12...
February 7, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165611/psychosexual-development-and-satisfaction-in-long-term-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-neurotoxic-treatment-intensity-as-a-risk-indicator
#7
Vicky Lehmann, Marrit A Tuinman, Madelaine C Keim, Adrien M Winning, Randal S Olshefski, Rajinder P S Bajwa, Mariët Hagedoorn, Cynthia A Gerhardt
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for impairment in psychosexual development and satisfaction among adult survivors of childhood cancer are poorly understood. The authors compared psychosexual outcomes between survivors and healthy controls, and tested whether at-risk survivors can be identified by 1) treatment neurotoxicity or 2) diagnosis. METHODS: A total of 144 young adult survivors of childhood cancer and 144 matched controls completed questionnaires regarding psychosexual development, sexual satisfaction, and satisfaction with relationship status...
February 6, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161937/gonadal-and-sexual-dysfunction-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#8
Ju Young Yoon, Hyeon Jin Park, Hee Young Ju, Jong Hyung Yoon, Jin Soo Chung, Sang Hyun Hwang, Dong Ock Lee, Hye Young Shim, Byung-Kiu Park
Purpose: Few studies have addressed gonadal and sexual dysfunctions in childhood cancer survivors. We evaluated the prevalence rates and risk factors for gonadal failure among adolescent/young adult childhood cancer survivors and their sexual function. Materials and Methods: Subjects were childhood cancer survivors aged 15-29 years who had completed therapy more than two years ago. Demographic and medical characteristics were obtained from the patients' medical records...
January 25, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153840/diagnosis-of-endocrine-disease-endocrine-late-effects-of-childhood-cancer-and-its-treatments
#9
Wassim Chemaitilly, Laurie Cohen
Endocrine complications are frequently observed in childhood cancer survivors (CCS). One of two CCS will experience at least one endocrine complication during the course of his / her lifespan, most commonly as a late-effect of cancer treatments, especially radiotherapy and alkylating agent chemotherapy. Endocrine late-effects include impairments of the hypothalamus / pituitary, thyroid, and gonads, as well as decreased bone mineral density and metabolic derangements leading to obesity and/or diabetes mellitus...
February 2, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150383/evaluation-of-a-joint-adult-and-pediatric-clinic-for-cancer-survivorship-care
#10
Vicki Kam, Eleanor Hendershot, Loretta Anderson, Stacey Marjerrison
OBJECTIVES: The best model of care for long-term follow-up of survivors of childhood cancer is uncertain. We describe the care experience provided by the joint adult/pediatric AfterCare Clinic at the McMaster Children's Hospital. Secondary outcomes include an evaluation of cancer worry, self-management skills, and loss to follow-up rates. METHODS: AfterCare Clinic patients aged 19-29 years were approached for study participation between January and March 2016. Data were collected from a cross-sectional survey, consisting of the Cancer Care Experience Questionnaire (CCEQ), Cancer Worry Scale (CWS), and Self-Management Skills Scale (SMSS)...
February 2, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134478/parents-preferences-for-the-organisation-of-long-term-follow-up-of-childhood-cancer-survivors
#11
J Vetsch, C S Rueegg, L Mader, E Bergstraesser, M Diezi, C E Kuehni, G Michel
Parents take an important role in follow-up of young cancer survivors. We aimed to investigate (1) parents' preferences for organisation of follow-up (including content, specialists involved and models of care), and (2) parents' and children's characteristics predicting preference for generalist vs. specialist-led follow-up. We sent a questionnaire to parents of childhood cancer survivors aged 11-17 years. We assessed on a 4-point Likert scale (1-4), parents' preferences for organisation of long-term follow-up...
January 30, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130711/the-right-to-be-forgotten-a-change-in-access-to-insurance-and-loans-after-childhood-cancer
#12
Agnès Dumas, Rodrigue Allodji, Brice Fresneau, Dominique Valteau-Couanet, Chiraz El-Fayech, Hélène Pacquement, Anne Laprie, Tan Dat Nguyen, Pierre-Yves Bondiau, Ibrahima Diallo, Catherine Guibout, Carole Rubino, Nadia Haddy, Odile Oberlin, Gilles Vassal, Florent de Vathaire
PURPOSE: Access to insurance for a loan or a mortgage is an important issue for childhood cancer survivors. The aim of this study was to describe difficulties experienced by adult survivors. METHODS: A total of 1920 survivors treated before the age of 18 in five French cancer centers responded to a questionnaire in 2010. Survivors who had tried to obtain a loan were asked if they had experienced difficulties, which were defined as experiencing rejection, higher premiums, or exclusions...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121073/implementing-guidelines-proposed-definitions-of-neuropsychology-services-in-pediatric-oncology
#13
Katherine T Baum, Stephanie K Powell, Lisa A Jacobson, Marsha N Gragert, Laura A Janzen, Iris Paltin, Celiane M Rey-Casserly, Greta N Wilkening
Several organizations have published guidelines for the neuropsychological care of survivors of childhood cancer. However, there is limited consensus in how these guidelines are applied. The model of neuropsychology service delivery is further complicated by the variable terminology used to describe recommended services. In an important first step to translate published guidelines into clinical practice, this paper proposes definitions for specific neuropsychological processes and services, with the goal of facilitating consistency across sites to foster future clinical program development and to clarify clinical practice guidelines...
January 25, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118063/anthropometry-in-long-term-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#14
Laura Collins, Lesley Beaumont, Amy Cranston, Stefanie Savoie, Trishana Nayiager, Ronald Barr
PURPOSE: Body mass index (BMI) is an inadequate measure of nutritional status in children and adolescents with cancer as it does not distinguish muscle from adipose tissue. However, arm anthropometry offers simple assessments of fat mass and lean body mass; especially valuable in low- and middle-income countries where the great majority of young people with cancer live and access to sophisticated expensive measures of body composition is markedly limited. METHODS: The nutritional status of 75 long-term survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia was assessed by arm anthropometry, in addition to BMI, in a cross-sectional cohort study...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112817/study-many-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-lack-follow-up-care
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109448/associates-of-engagement-in-adult-oriented-follow-up-care-for-childhood-cancer-survivors
#16
EDITORIAL
Karim Thomas Sadak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100435/suicide-in-survivors-of-childhood-and-young-adult-cancers
#17
Vicki Brower
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098955/the-impact-of-childhood-cancer-perceptions-of-adult-survivors
#18
Victoria W Willard, James L Klosky, Chenghong Li, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Tara M Brinkman, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Sean Phipps
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to describe perceptions and associated risk factors of the impact of cancer on functional outcomes, including social relationships, exercise, finances, and religion, among adult survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Evaluable participants included 3001 adult survivors (mean age, 32.5 years; range, 18.3-63.8 years; 24.1 years from diagnosis; 50.8% male; 84.9% Caucasian) who were enrolled in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort study...
January 18, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081550/ninth-grade-school-performance-in-danish-childhood-cancer-survivors
#19
Klaus Kaae Andersen, Anne Katrine Duun-Henriksen, Marie Hoffmann Frederiksen, Jeanette Falck Winther
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors can experience learning problems resulting in lower-than-expected attained education as adults. It is unclear whether learning problems manifest already during adolescence. METHODS: We analysed nationwide Danish registries on school grades for Danish children during 2001-2014. Applying a matched design we compared grades of childhood cancer survivors to children without cancer at ninth grade. We estimated grade differences by subject and its correlation to cancer site and age at diagnosis...
January 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080169/family-oriented-support-famos-development-and-feasibility-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-families-of-childhood-cancer-survivors
#20
Hanin Salem, Christoffer Johansen, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Jeanette Falck Winther, Peder Skov Wehner, Henrik Hasle, Steen Rosthøj, Anne E Kazak, Pernille E Bidstrup
BACKGROUND: We developed and tested the feasibility of a manualized psychosocial intervention, FAMily-Oriented Support (FAMOS), a home-based psychosocial intervention for families of childhood cancer survivors. The aim of the intervention is to support families in adopting healthy strategies to cope with the psychological consequences of childhood cancer. The intervention is now being evaluated in a nationwide randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS AND DESIGN: FAMOS is based on principles of family systems therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy, and is delivered in six sessions at home...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
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