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Survivors of childhood cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100435/suicide-in-survivors-of-childhood-and-young-adult-cancers
#1
Vicki Brower
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098955/the-impact-of-childhood-cancer-perceptions-of-adult-survivors
#2
Victoria W Willard, James L Klosky, Chenghong Li, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Tara M Brinkman, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Sean Phipps
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to describe perceptions and associated risk factors of the impact of cancer on functional outcomes, including social relationships, exercise, finances, and religion, among adult survivors of childhood cancer. METHODS: Evaluable participants included 3001 adult survivors (mean age, 32.5 years; range, 18.3-63.8 years; 24.1 years from diagnosis; 50.8% male; 84.9% Caucasian) who were enrolled in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort study...
January 18, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081550/ninth-grade-school-performance-in-danish-childhood-cancer-survivors
#3
Klaus Kaae Andersen, Anne Katrine Duun-Henriksen, Marie Hoffmann Frederiksen, Jeanette Falck Winther
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors can experience learning problems resulting in lower-than-expected attained education as adults. It is unclear whether learning problems manifest already during adolescence. METHODS: We analysed nationwide Danish registries on school grades for Danish children during 2001-2014. Applying a matched design we compared grades of childhood cancer survivors to children without cancer at ninth grade. We estimated grade differences by subject and its correlation to cancer site and age at diagnosis...
January 12, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080169/family-oriented-support-famos-development-and-feasibility-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-families-of-childhood-cancer-survivors
#4
Hanin Salem, Christoffer Johansen, Kjeld Schmiegelow, Jeanette Falck Winther, Peder Skov Wehner, Henrik Hasle, Steen Rosthøj, Anne E Kazak, Pernille E Bidstrup
BACKGROUND: We developed and tested the feasibility of a manualized psychosocial intervention, FAMily-Oriented Support (FAMOS), a home-based psychosocial intervention for families of childhood cancer survivors. The aim of the intervention is to support families in adopting healthy strategies to cope with the psychological consequences of childhood cancer. The intervention is now being evaluated in a nationwide randomized controlled trial (RCT). METHODS AND DESIGN: FAMOS is based on principles of family systems therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy, and is delivered in six sessions at home...
January 12, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070769/emotional-distress-impacts-quality-of-life-evaluation-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study
#5
I-Chan Huang, Tara M Brinkman, Gregory T Armstrong, Wendy Leisenring, Leslie L Robison, Kevin R Krull
PURPOSE: We compared health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between adult survivors of childhood cancer and siblings by investigating the mediating role of emotional distress on HRQOL assessment, and examining the extent to which emotional distress affected the item responses of HRQOL measures given the same underlying HRQOL (i.e., measurement non-invariance). METHODS: Cancer survivors (7103) and siblings (390) enrolled in Childhood Cancer Survivor Study who completed the SF-36 measuring HRQOL and the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 measuring anxiety, depression, and somatization were analyzed...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069148/childhood-leukaemia-survivors-experiences-of-long-term-follow-ups-in-an-endocrine-clinic-a-focus-group-study
#6
Anna Pålsson, Marlene Malmström, Cecilia Follin
: The survival rate after childhood cancer has improved markedly and today more than 80% of patients will survive. Many childhood cancer survivors suffer from late complications due to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Survivors of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL), treated with cranial radiotherapy, are at a particularly high risk of having endocrine complications. PURPOSE: To illuminate childhood ALL survivors' experiences of a long-term follow-up in an endocrine clinic...
February 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068236/cerebrovascular-diseases-in-childhood-cancer-survivors-role-of-the-radiation-dose-to-willis-circle-arteries
#7
Chiraz El-Fayech, Nadia Haddy, Rodrigue Sètchéou Allodji, Cristina Veres, Fara Diop, Amar Kahlouche, Damien Llanas, Angela Jackson, Carole Rubino, Catherine Guibout, Hélène Pacquement, Odile Oberlin, Cécile Thomas-Teinturier, Pierre-Yves Scarabin, Jean Chavaudra, Dimitry Lefkopoulos, Maurice Giroud, Yannick Bejot, Valérie Bernier, Christian Carrie, Ibrahima Diallo, Florent de Vathaire
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of radiation dose received to the circle of Willis (WC) during radiation therapy (RT) and of potential dose-response modifiers on the risk of stroke after treatment of childhood cancer. METHODS: We evaluated the risk factors for stroke in a cohort of 3172 5-year survivors of childhood cancer who were followed up for a median time of 26 years. Radiation doses to the WC and brain structures were estimated for each of the 2202 children who received RT...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067869/clinical-and-biological-markers-of-premature-aging-after-autologous-sct-in-childhood-cancer
#8
A Vatanen, M Hou, T Huang, O Söder, T Jahnukainen, M Kurimo, T H Ojala, T Sarkola, M Turanlahti, U M Saarinen-Pihkala, K Jahnukainen
The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of frailty and physical health limitations among long-term survivors of high-risk neuroblastoma (HR NBL) and to investigate whether frail health is associated with variables of cardiovascular function, markers of inflammation and telomere length. A national study cohort of 19 (median age 22, range 16-30 years) long-term (>10 years) HR NBL survivors was studied and the findings were compared with 20 age- and sex-matched controls. Frailty was defined as ⩾3 of the following conditions: low muscle mass, low energy expenditure, slow running and weakness...
January 9, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060114/factors-associated-with-noncompliance-with-long-term-follow-up-care-among-pediatric-cancer-survivors
#9
Katie A Devine, Adrienne Viola, Peter Capucilli, Olle Jane Z Sahler, Jeffrey R Andolina
Most childhood cancer survivors do not receive risk-based care through a survivorship program, but factors associated with dropping out of care are unclear. This study aimed to identify characteristics of pediatric cancer survivors who do not return to a cancer center survivorship program for recommended care after at least 1 visit compared with those who continue to attend. Patient characteristics (demographics, school functioning, psychiatric history) and treatment characteristics (diagnosis, treatment) were abstracted from medical records for all eligible patients...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056411/chemotherapy-related-late-adverse-effects-on-ovarian-function-in-female-survivors-of-childhood-and-young-adult-cancer-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Annelies Overbeek, Marleen H van den Berg, Flora E van Leeuwen, Gertjan J L Kaspers, Cornelis B Lambalk, Eline van Dulmen-den Broeder
BACKGROUND: Anti-cancer treatment may reduce the fertile life span and induce premature menopause. This review aims to provide an overview of the available literature on effects of chemotherapy only on the incidence of ovarian dysfunction and to evaluate the relationship between dose of chemotherapy, age at time of treatment, and time since treatment in female survivors of childhood and young adult cancer. METHODS: A comprehensive search of electronic databases was performed (search date December 2015)...
November 24, 2016: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050709/experiences-with-the-survivorship-care-plan-in-primary-care-providers-of-childhood-cancer-survivors-a-mixed-methods-approach
#11
Neel S Iyer, Hannah-Rose Mitchell, Daniel J Zheng, Wilhelmenia L Ross, Nina S Kadan-Lottick
PURPOSE: Focusing on primary care providers (PCPs) of known childhood cancer survivors, we used a mixed methods approach to understand providers' experiences with the survivorship care plan (SCP), as well as preferences and barriers regarding survivorship care. METHODS: The SCP was sent to 202 eligible PCPs of patients attending a regional survivorship clinic. The PCPs then completed quantitative postal surveys. Sixteen PCPs underwent an additional qualitative interview...
January 3, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048529/tu-h-campus-tep2-02-flash-irradiation-improves-the-therapeutic-index-following-gi-tract-irradiation
#12
E Schueler, S Trovati, G King, F Lartey, M Rafat, B Loo, P Maxim
PURPOSE: To investigate and characterize the radiobiological effectiveness of very high dose rate radiotherapy (FLASH) compared to conventional irradiation in an in vivo model. METHODS: The gastrointestinal (GI) tract of C57BL/6 mice were irradiated with doses ranging between 10 and 18 Gy using a custom stereotactic jig. A Varian Clinac 21EX was modified to allow dose rates ranging from 0.05 to 240 Gy/s at the position of the mirror. With the gantry at 180 degrees, the jig holding the individual animals was placed above the mirror to take advantage of the reduced source to target distance...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039505/factors-supporting-cardiomyopathy-screening-among-at-risk-adult-survivors-of-pediatric-malignancies
#13
Cheryl L Cox, Liang Zhu, Rohit P Ojha, Brenda D Steen, Susan Ogg, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson
PURPOSE: Anthracyclines and chest irradiation place adult survivors of childhood cancer at risk of cardiomyopathy; many survivors do not obtain the recommended screening. Based on our recent clinical trial, the addition of telephone counseling to a printed survivorship care plan more than doubled survivors' risk-based screening. Here, we sought to measure the impact of specific factors targeted in the intervention for their impact on survivors' screening participation. METHODS: Study population-survivors participating in a randomized longitudinal intervention trial...
December 30, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039368/long-term-neurologic-health-and-psychosocial-function-of-adult-survivors-of-childhood-medulloblastoma-pnet-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study
#14
Allison A King, Kristy Seidel, Chongzhi Di, Wendy M Leisenring, Stephanie Mabry Perkins, Kevin R Krull, Charles A Sklar, Daniel M Green, Gregory T Armstrong, Lonnie K Zeltzer, Elizabeth Wells, Marilyn Stovall, Nicole J Ullrich, Kevin C Oeffinger, Leslie L Robison, Roger J Packer
BACKGROUND: Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant childhood brain tumor, although long-term risks for chronic neurologic health and psychosocial functioning in aging adult survivors are incompletely characterized. METHODS: The Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (CCSS) includes 380 five-year survivors of medulloblastoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET; median age at follow-up: 30 y, interquartile range 24-36) and sibling comparison (n = 4031). Cumulative incidence of neurologic health conditions was reported...
December 29, 2016: Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035022/approach-for-classification-and-severity-grading-of-long-term-and-late-onset-health-events-among-childhood-cancer-survivors-in-the-st-jude-lifetime-cohort
#15
Melissa M Hudson, Matthew J Ehrhardt, Nickhill Bhakta, Malek Baassiri, Hesham Eissa, Wassim Chemaitilly, Daniel M Green, Daniel A Mulrooney, Gregory T Armstrong, Tara M Brinkman, James L Klosky, Kevin R Krull, Noah D Sabin, Carmen L Wilson, I-Chan Huang, Johnnie K Bass, Karen Hale, Sue Kaste, Raja B Khan, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Yutaka Yasui, Vijaya M Joshi, Saumini Srinivasan, Dennis Stokes, Mary Ellen Hoehn, Matthew Wilson, Kirsten K Ness, Leslie L Robison
Characterization of toxicity associated with cancer and its treatment is essential to quantify risk, inform optimization of therapeutic approaches for newly diagnosed patients, and guide health surveillance recommendations for long-term survivors. The National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) provides a common rubric for grading severity of adverse outcomes in cancer patients that is widely used in clinical trials. The CTCAE has also been used to assess late cancer treatment-related morbidity, but is not fully representative of the spectrum of events experienced by pediatric and aging adult survivors of childhood cancer...
December 29, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028762/screening-for-thyroid-cancer-in-survivors-of-childhood-and-young-adult-cancer-treated-with-neck-radiation
#16
Emily S Tonorezos, Dana Barnea, Chaya S Moskowitz, Joanne F Chou, Charles A Sklar, Elena B Elkin, Richard J Wong, Duan Li, R Michael Tuttle, Deborah Korenstein, Suzanne L Wolden, Kevin C Oeffinger
BACKGROUND: The optimal method of screening for thyroid cancer in survivors of childhood and young adult cancer exposed to neck radiation remains controversial. Outcome data for a physical exam-based screening approach are lacking. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of adult survivors of childhood and young adult cancer with a history of neck radiation followed in the Adult Long-Term Follow-Up Clinic at Memorial Sloan Kettering between November 2005 and August 2014...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009650/cancer-related-cognitive-impairment-in-children
#17
Amanda D Hutchinson, Susan M Pfeiffer, Carlene Wilson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review recent research on cancer-related cognitive impairment (CRCI) in children, including correlational studies and interventions in which outcomes have included cognitive test performance, neuroimaging or academic performance. RECENT FINDINGS: Impairments in processing speed, working memory, executive function and attention continue to be demonstrated in survivors of childhood cancers. Children receiving radiation treatment for their cancer demonstrate greater impairment than those who undergo surgery and/or chemotherapy without radiation...
December 21, 2016: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984354/predictors-of-suboptimal-follow-up-in-pediatric-cancer-survivors
#18
Leana May, David D Schwartz, Ernest Frugé, Larry Laufman, Suzanne Holm, Kala Kamdar, Lynnette Harris, Julienne Brackett, Sule Unal, Gulsah Tanyildiz, Rosalind Bryant, Hilary Suzawa, Zoann Dreyer, M Fatih Okcu
Attendance to follow-up care after completion of cancer treatment is an understudied area. We examined demographic, clinical, and socioeconomic predictors of follow-up by pediatric cancer patients at a large center in 442 newly diagnosed patients using multivariable logistic regression analyses. Patients who did not return to clinic for at least 1000 days were considered lost to follow-up. Two hundred forty-two (54.8%) patients were lost. In multivariable analyses, the following variables were independent predictors of being lost to follow-up: treatment with surgery alone (odds ratio [OR]=6...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975342/health-related-behaviour-among-children-of-childhood-cancer-survivors-in-germany
#19
M Balcerek, T Schuster, E Korte, J Seidel, R Schilling, H Hölling, A Borgmann-Staudt
Childhood cancer survivors fear that previous therapy could not only impair their own but also their children's health. We examined whether health-related behaviour in children of childhood cancer survivors differs from the general population.Our first nationwide survey wave (2013-2014) surveyed offspring health in 396 German childhood cancer survivors known to have a child of their own. Answers about health behaviour were analysed using descriptive statistics. Data were collected for 418 offspring and 394 could be integrated for matched-pair analyses with data from the German general population (KIGGS, n=17 641)...
December 14, 2016: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974192/gh-deficiency-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Francesco Felicetti, Nicoletta Fortunati, Emanuela Arvat, Enrico Brignardello
Childhood cancer survivors (CCS) are a fast growing population, but late adverse effects of cancer therapies are not rare. In CCS treated with cranial radiotherapy, growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is a well-known occurrence and the potential impact of GH replacement therapy on the global outcome of CCS is under continuous evaluation. In the present review, we discuss advantages and disadvantages of GH replacement therapy in survivors of pediatric malignancies, taking into consideration the different reasons for treating GHD during childhood or adult life...
December 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
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