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Guidelines Adherence Antibiotic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326959/use-of-antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-tooth-extractions-dental-implants-and-periodontal-surgical-procedures
#1
Katie J Suda, Heather Henschel, Ursula Patel, Margaret A Fitzpatrick, Charlesnika T Evans
Background: Guidelines for antibiotics prior to dental procedures for patients with specific cardiac conditions and prosthetic joints have changed, reducing indications for antibiotic prophylaxis. In addition to guidelines focused on patient comorbidities, systematic reviews specific to dental extractions and implants support preprocedure antibiotics for all patients. However, data on dentist adherence to these recommendations are scarce. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of veterans undergoing tooth extractions, dental implants, and periodontal procedures...
January 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317801/is-there-a-conflict-between-general-practitioners-applying-guidelines-for-antibiotic-prescribing-and-including-their-patients-preferences
#2
Anne Em Brabers, Thamar Em Van Esch, Peter P Groenewegen, Karin Hek, Pé Mullenders, Liset Van Dijk, Judith D De Jong
Objectives: One perceived barrier to guideline adherence is the existence of conflicting patient preferences. We examined whether patient preferences influence the prescription of antibiotics in general practice, and how this affects guideline adherence. We hypothesized that preferences play a larger role in prescribing antibiotics if the guideline allows for preferences to be taken into account, ie, if prescribing antibiotics is an option which can be considered rather than a clear recommendation to prescribe or not...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278993/adherence-to-gold-guidelines-in-the-inpatient-copd-population
#3
Melissa Lipari, Amber Lanae Smith, Pramodini B Kale-Pradhan, Sheila M Wilhelm
PURPOSE: The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease guidelines provide recommendations to manage chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) exacerbations. This study assessed the management of inpatient COPD exacerbations at an urban teaching hospital. METHODS: A retrospective cohort analysis of adults admitted between December 2010 and August 2012 with a COPD exacerbation was conducted. Patient demographics, length of stay (LOS), Charlson comorbidity score, inpatient pulmonary medications, and 30-day readmission were collected...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273072/monitoring-adherence-to-guidelines-of-antibiotic-use-in-pediatric-pneumonia-the-marea-study
#4
Pasquale Di Pietro, Ornella Della Casa Alberighi, Michela Silvestri, Maria Angela Tosca, Anna Ruocco, Giorgio Conforti, Giovanni A Rossi, Elio Castagnola, Maria Caterina Merlano, Simona Zappettini, Salvatore Renna
BACKGROUND: Children are the most vulnerable population exposed to the use of antibiotics often incorrectly prescribed for the treatment of infections really due to viruses rather than to bacteria. We designed the MAREA study which consisted of two different studies: i) a surveillance study to monitor the safety/efficacy of the antibiotics for the treatment of pneumonia (CAP), pharyngotonsillitis and acute otitis media in children younger than 14 yrs old, living in Liguria, North-West Italy and ii) a pre-/post-interventional study to evaluate the appropriateness of antibiotic prescription for the treatment these infections...
December 22, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240786/time-trend-analysis-2009-2016-of-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-isolated-in-italy-following-the-introduction-of-the-combined-antimicrobial-therapy
#5
Paola Stefanelli, Maria Fenicia Vescio, Maria Paola Landini, Ivano Dal Conte, Alberto Matteelli, Antonio Cristaudo, Marina Gaino, Marco Cusini, Anna Maria Barbui, Antonella Mencacci, Rosella De Nittis, Valeria Ghisetti, Elena Stroppiana, Anna Carannante
INTRODUCTION: Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) antimicrobial susceptibility trends to azithromycin, cefixime and ceftriaxone were analyzed, from 2009 to 2016, to monitor changing antimicrobial susceptibility concomitant with the change in prescribing practice in 2012 from cefixime, or ceftriaxone, to ceftriaxone plus azithromycin. Patient characteristics predictive to be infected by antibiotic resistant N. gonorrhoeae were estimated. Finally, the protocol for the treatment of gonorrhoea, in comparison with the international guidelines, was also evaluated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228960/cross-sectional-survey-on-the-use-and-impact-of-the-danish-national-antibiotic-use-guidelines-for-companion-animal-practice
#6
Lisbeth Rem Jessen, Tina Møller Sørensen, Zenia Littau Lilja, Maja Kristensen, Tine Hald, Peter Damborg
BACKGROUND: The Danish antibiotic use guidelines for companion animal practice were published by the Danish Veterinary Association in 2012. Since then, national surveillance data indicate a 10% reduction in the total use of antibiotics for companion animals, particularly a marked reduction in the use of third generation cephalosporins. The aim of the study was to assess if and how the guidelines have impacted diagnostic and antibiotic prescription habits of the users, and to identify user perceived barriers to implementation...
December 11, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189611/appropriate-and-inappropriate-treatment-of-acute-otitis-media-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#7
Sarah Rothman, Jacob Pitaro, Asher Hackett, Eran Kozer, Haim Gavriel, Limor Muallem-Kalmovich, Ephraim Eviatar, Tal Marom
BACKGROUND: Over-treatment of acute otitis media (AOM) with antibiotics is common, and poses a high burden on healthcare systems. METHODS: Records of children 6-36 months of age with AOM visiting a university-affiliated pediatric emergency department (PED) between 2014-2016 were reviewed for the treatment given: watchful waiting (WW) vs. antibiotics. If antibiotics were prescribed, the type and duration were recorded. We evaluated appropriate and inappropriate treatment rates of eligible AOM cases, in respect to the local guidelines, which encourage WW in most mild-moderate cases...
November 16, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169340/situational-analysis-of-antibiotic-use-and-resistance-in-ghana-policy-and-regulation
#8
Saviour Kwame Yevutsey, Kwame Ohene Buabeng, Moses Aikins, Berko Panyin Anto, Richard B Biritwum, Niels Frimodt-Møller, Martha Gyansa-Lutterodt
BACKGROUND: Antibiotics have played an essential role in decreasing morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases. However, indiscriminate use and unrestricted access is contributing to the emergence of bacterial resistance. This paper reports on a situational analysis of antimicrobial use and resistance in Ghana, with focus on policy and regulation. METHODS: Relevant policy documents, reports, regulations and enactments were reviewed. PubMed and Google search engines were used to extract relevant published papers...
November 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162681/clusters-of-practice-in-peritoneal-dialysis-in-france-data-from-the-catheter-section-of-the-rdplf
#9
Antoine Lanot, Clemence Bechade, Christian Verger, Emmanuel Fabre, Isabelle Vernier, Thierry Lobbedez
BACKGROUND: Peritonitis is a major cause of peritoneal dialysis (PD) failure. Recommendations for the prevention of peritonitis are available, but wide variations exist in the peritonitis rate among countries and PD units. The objective of this study was to describe the different pattern of practices in France. METHODS: This was a retrospective, multicenter study based on data from the French Language Peritoneal Dialysis Registry. Center practices were described and mapped...
November 21, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136646/the-effect-of-interventions-aiming-to-optimise-the-prescription-of-antibiotics-in-dental-care-a-systematic-review
#10
Christin Löffler, Femke Böhmer
BACKGROUND: Abundant evidence in dentistry suggests that antibiotics are prescribed despite the existence of guidelines aiming to reduce the development of antibiotic resistance. This review investigated (1) which type of interventions aiming to optimise prescription of antibiotics exist in dentistry, (2) the effect of these interventions and (3) the specific strengths and limitations of the studies reporting on these interventions. METHOD: Literature search was based on Medline, Embase, Global Health, Cochrane CENTRAL, ClinicalTrials...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129177/copd-x-australian-and-new-zealand-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-2017-update
#11
Ian A Yang, Juliet L Brown, Johnson George, Sue Jenkins, Christine F McDonald, Vanessa M McDonald, Kirsten Phillips, Brian J Smith, Nicholas A Zwar, Eli Dabscheck
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by persistent respiratory symptoms and chronic airflow limitation, and is associated with exacerbations and comorbidities. Advances in the management of COPD are updated quarterly in the national COPD guidelines, the COPD-X plan, published by Lung Foundation Australia in conjunction with the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand and available at http://copdx.org.au. Main recommendations: Spirometry detects persistent airflow limitation (post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC < 0...
November 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108473/caesarean-section-wound-infections-and-antibiotic-use-a-retrospective-case-series-in-a-tertiary-referral-hospital-in-the-gambia
#12
Alex Aulakh, Patrick Idoko, Suzanne T Anderson, Wendy Graham
Ours is the first published study to examine post-Caesarean section (CS) wound infections in The Gambia. We explored risk factors and clinical management retrospectively at a large referral hospital over a 12-month period. A total of 777 cases were identified and records for 682 (88%) were retrieved. The CS rate was 21.8% and the wound infection rate 13.2%. Risk factors included: length of labour; decision-to-incision time and stillbirth. Only 7.4% of women received preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis, but all women received multiple-dose, postoperative antibiotics...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101616/a-multifaceted-intervention-to-reduce-guideline-non-adherence-among-prescribing-physicians-in-dutch-hospitals
#13
Jacqueline M Bos, Stephanie Natsch, Patricia M L A van den Bemt, Johan L W Pot, J Elsbeth Nagtegaal, Andre Wieringa, Gert Jan van der Wilt, Peter A G M De Smet, Cornelis Kramers
Background Despite the potential of clinical practice guidelines to improve patient outcomes, adherence to guidelines by prescribers is inconsistent. Objective The aim of the study was to determine whether an approach of introducing an educational programme for prescribers in the hospital combined with audit and feedback by the hospital pharmacist reduces non-adherence of prescribing physicians to key pharmacotherapeutic guidelines. Setting This prospective intervention study with a before-after design evaluated patients at surgical, urological and orthopaedic wards...
December 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083083/fever-under-3-months-and-the-full-septic-screen-time-to-think-again-a-retrospective-cohort-study-at-a-tertiary-level-paediatric-hospital
#14
Patrick Aldridge, Arjun Rao, Rebecca Sethumadavan, Nancy Briggs
AIM: To assess adherence to the Iocal guideline (LG) for the management of fever in infants under 3 months and whether the application of a risk-stratified protocol (RSP) to this population would miss any serious bacterial infections (SBI) compared to current practice (CP) and LG. METHODS: All presentations to the authors' Emergency Department of infants 0-3 months with fever from 1 July 2015 to 28 April 2016 were included (n = 219), along with a detailed analysis of CP...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071221/evaluating-adherence-of-health-care-team-to-standard-guideline-of-colistin-use-at-intensive-care-units-of-a-referral-hospital-in-shiraz-southwest-of-iran
#15
Afsaneh Vazin, Iman Karimzadeh, Atiyeh Zand, Nazafarin Hatami-Mazinani, Dena Firouzabadi
Purpose: To evaluate colistin use according to global standard drug consumption in intensive care units of a referral hospital in Shiraz, Iran Methods: A prospective, interventional study was performed during an 11 month period on 100 patients admitted to ICUs of a teaching hospital being treated with colistin for at least 3 subsequent doses. Required demographic, clinical, and paraclinical data were gathered by a pharmacist. Fifteen indexes were considered to evaluate colistin use. A clinical pharmacist reviewed indication and dose of colistin at the time of prescribing this agent...
September 2017: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067624/are-guidelines-on-the-management-of-non-tuberculous-mycobacteria-lung-infections-respected-and-what-are-the-consequences-for-patients-a-french-retrospective-study-from-2007-to-2014
#16
N El-Zeenni, S Chanoine, C Recule, J-P Stahl, M Maurin, B Camara
Diagnosis and treatment of lung infections caused by non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) remain challenging. Adherence of the clinicians to the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) 2007 guidelines is often incomplete. Between 2007 and 2014, in Grenoble Alpes University Hospital, France, 132 patients had NTM-positive cultures from lower respiratory tract (LRT) samples. We retrospectively collected diagnosis, treatment, and outcome data of patients, and evaluated the adherence of clinicians to ATS/IDSA guidelines and the consequences of patients' prognoses...
October 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052109/assessments-of-opportunities-to-improve-antibiotic-prescribing-in-an-emergency-department-a-period-prevalence-survey
#17
Tristan T Timbrook, Aisling R Caffrey, Anais Ovalle, Maya Beganovic, William Curioso, Melissa Gaitanis, Kerry L LaPlante
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 30% of all outpatient antimicrobials are inappropriately prescribed. Currently, antimicrobial prescribing patterns in emergency departments (ED) are not well described. Determining inappropriate antimicrobial prescribing patterns and opportunities for interventions by antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASP) are needed. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed among a random sample of non-admitted, adult patients who received an antimicrobial prescription in the ED from January 1 to December 31, 2015...
December 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991775/evidence-based-practice-in-using-antibiotics-for-acute-tonsillitis-in-primary-care-practice
#18
Valentina Risteska Nejashmikj, Snezana Stojkovska, Irena Kondova Topuzovska, Katarina Stavrikj
The increased use of antibiotics for acute tonsillitis is a public health problem. 80% of the antibiotic prescriptions for acute tonsillitis are done in the Primary Care practice (PCP). The inappropriate use of the antibiotic causes bacterial resistance and treatment failure. Only patients with acute tonsillitis caused by Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GAS) have benefit of the antibiotic treatment, which is a predict cause in 5-20%. In order to assess the antibiotic prescribing for acute tonsillitis by the doctors in the PCP in Macedonia we use the data from the national project about antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory tract infections which was conducted in November 2014 during a period of 4 weeks as part of the E-quality program sponsored by the IPCRG...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991315/-impact-of-rational-use-of-antibiotics-in-a-third-level-clinic-in-colombia
#19
Christian J Pallares, Juan C Cataño
BACKGROUND: The increasing resistance of bacteria to antibiotics threatens the survival of patients and health costs. AIM: To determine the impact of an antimicrobial stewardship program in bacterial resistance and antibiotic consumption. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Quasi experimental study in a third level clinic in the city of Medellin, that evaluate in two time periods (pre-intervention between October 2012 and September 2013 and post intervention between October 2013 and September 2014) the impact of an antimicrobial stewardship program in terms of antibiotic consumption and bacterial ecology...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970157/initial-empiric-antibiotic-therapy-for-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-chinese-hospitals
#20
Xiaomeng Nie, Yesheng Li, Zhangwei Yang, Hui Wang, Sanyong Jin, Yang Jiao, Mark L Metersky, Yi Huang
OBJECTIVES: Studies on treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in China are very scarce. This study was performed to investigate empirical antibiotic practices for patients hospitalized with CAP in China and the risk factors for treatment failure. METHODS: Data was collected from a national Chinese hospitalization database. Adult patients who were diagnosed as CAP between October 1st, 2014, and September 30th, 2015 were identified. We studied initial empiric antibiotic regimens, microbiologic sampling, treatment failure, in hospital mortality, and length of hospital stay (LOS)...
September 29, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
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