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Guidelines Adherence Antibiotic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887585/reduction-in-antibiotic-prescribing-for-respiratory-tract-infections-in-swedish-primary-care-a-retrospective-study-of-electronic-patient-records
#1
Mia Tyrstrup, Anders Beckman, Sigvard Mölstad, Sven Engström, Christina Lannering, Eva Melander, Katarina Hedin
BACKGROUND: Swedish studies on antibiotic use in primary care have been based on one-week registrations of infections. In order to study adherence to guidelines, analyses based on large databases that provide information on diagnosis linked prescriptions, are needed. This study describes trends in management of infections in Swedish primary care particularly with regards to antibiotic prescribing and adherence to national guidelines. METHODS: A descriptive study of Sweden's largest database regarding diagnosis linked antibiotic prescription data, the Primary care Record of Infections in Sweden (PRIS), for the years 2008, 2010 and 2013...
November 25, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884552/estimated-saving-of-antibiotics-in-pharyngitis-and-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-if-general-practitioners-used-rapid-tests-and-followed-guidelines
#2
Carles Llor, Ana Moragas, Josep M Cots, Beatriz González López-Valcárcel
INTRODUCTION: General practitioners (GP) in Spain do not have access to rapid tests and adherence to guidelines is usually suboptimal. The aim of the study is to evaluate the estimated number of antibiotics that could have been saved if GPs had appropriately used these tests and had followed the guidelines. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Primary care centres from eight Autonomous Communities in Spain. PARTICIPANTS: GPs who had not participated in previous studies on rational use of antibiotics...
November 21, 2016: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861568/appropriateness-of-intrapartum-antibiotic-prophylaxis-to-prevent-neonatal-group-b-streptococcus-disease
#3
Aida Bianco, Elisabetta Larosa, Claudia Pileggi, Maria Pavia
The aims of this study were to describe the adherence to CDC guidelines for intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) and to identify possible factors influencing noncompliance with guidelines. We conducted a retrospective study in Italy. Our cohort included women in whom antenatal Group B Streptococcus (GBS) screening was not performed, was performed, but results were not available at the time of labor or delivery and women who were positive for GBS colonization. The indications for complete execution of IAP according to revised CDC guidelines was evaluated...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861259/tailored-perioperative-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-in-urological-surgery-myth-or-reality
#4
Magnus J Grabe, Karl-Johan Lundström
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The controversies surrounding perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis (AMP) are about the use and especially misuse of antibiotics. The overall lack of evidence to facilitate a rational perioperative AMP policy in urological surgery and the postoperative infectious complications remain a challenge. Therefore, a basic tool to aid decision-making would be useful. A model based on the patients' risk factors, the level of contamination and grading of surgical procedures is discussed...
November 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816564/community-health-workers-provide-integrated-community-case-management-using-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-test-kits
#5
Bright C Orji, Namratha Rao, Elizabeth Thompson, William R Brieger, Emmanuel 'Dipo Otolorin
BACKGROUND: Throughout Nigeria malaria is an endemic disease. Efforts to treat malaria can also be combined with other illnesses including pneumonia and diarrhea, which are killing children under five years of age. The use of Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) aids early diagnosis of malaria and informs when other illnesses should be considered. Those with positive RDT results should be treated with Artemisinin-based Combination Therapy (ACTs), while those with negative RDTs results are further investigated for pneumonia and diarrhea...
October 26, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814677/a-single-center-observational-study-on-emergency-department-clinician-non-adherence-to-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-treatment-of-uncomplicated-urinary-tract-infections
#6
Catherine Zatorski, Mark Zocchi, Sara E Cosgrove, Cynthia Rand, Gillian Brooks, Larissa May
BACKGROUND: The Emergency Department (ED) is a frequent site of antibiotic use; poor adherence with evidence-based guidelines and broad-spectrum antibiotic overuse is common. Our objective was to determine rates and predictors of inappropriate antimicrobial use in patients with uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI) compared to the 2010 International Clinical Practice Guidelines (ICPG). METHODS: A single center, prospective, observational study of patients with uncomplicated UTI presenting to an urban ED between September 2012 and February 2014 that examined ED physician adherence to ICPG when treating uncomplicated UTIs...
November 4, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803507/role-of-atypical-bacteria-in-hospitalized-patients-with-nursing-home-acquired-pneumonia
#7
Laura Meyer-Junco
Background: Nursing home-acquired pneumonia (NHAP) has been identified as one of the leading causes of mortality and hospitalization for long-term care residents. However, current and previous pneumonia guidelines differ on the appropriate management of NHAP in hospitalized patients, specifically in regard to the role of atypical bacteria such as Chlamydiae pneumonia, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, and Legionella. Objectives: The purpose of this review is to evaluate clinical trials conducted in hospitalized patients with NHAP to determine the prevalence of atypical bacteria and thus the role for empiric antibiotic coverage of these pathogens in NHAP...
October 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757036/new-developments-in-acne-treatment-role-of-combination-adapalene-benzoylperoxide
#8
Su Youn Kim, Falk R Ochsendorf
The fixed-dose combination adapalene 0.1%/benzoylperoxide 2.5% (A/BPO) was introduced as an acne vulgaris therapeutic in 2007. It combines anti-inflammatory, keratolytic, comedolytic, and antibacterial properties. Thus, it addresses several pathophysiological factors involved in the pathophysiology of acne. This review highlights the rationale for the use of this fixed-dose combination product, its therapeutic efficacy including effects on adherence and quality of life, its use for different forms of acne, and the side-effect profile...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747832/general-practitioners-prescribing-patterns-at-primary-healthcare-centers-in-national-health-insurance-gezira-sudan
#9
Bashir Mohamed Elmahi Yousif, Siripen Supakankunti
BACKGROUND: The appropriate use of medicines is essential for the provision of quality health services, patient safety, and the rational use of health resources. In Sudan, general practitioners (GPs) provide 80 % of insured patients' health services. Pharmaceutical service costs have been increasing since 2010. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to use the World Health Organization (WHO) and International Network for the Rational Use of Drugs prescribing indicators to assess prescription quality among GPs in different types of primary healthcare centers (PHCCs) within the National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) in Gezira State, Sudan...
September 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723904/-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-management-of-helicobacter-pylori-a-survey-among-german-gastroenterologists-in-private-practice
#10
S Miehlke, R Loibl, S Meszaros, J Labenz
Purpose: The acceptance and realization of clinical guidelines in daily routine practice is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the behaviour of private gastroenterologists in Germany with respect to the diagnostic and therapeutic management of H. pylori infection in times of increasing antibiotic resistance. Methods: Between 12/2014 and 02/2015 a standardized questionnaire with 19 multiple choice questions were sent to 1507 private gastroenterologists in Germany. The data were electronically captured and analyzed using SurveyMonkey...
October 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692463/variability-in-management-of-first-cerebrospinal-fluid-shunt-infection-a-prospective-multi-institutional-observational-cohort-study
#11
Tamara D Simon, Matthew P Kronman, Kathryn B Whitlock, Nancy Gove, Samuel R Browd, Richard Holubkov, John R W Kestle, Abhaya V Kulkarni, Marcie Langley, David D Limbrick, Thomas G Luerssen, Jerry Oakes, Jay Riva-Cambrin, Curtis Rozzelle, Chevis Shannon, Mandeep Tamber, John C Wellons, William E Whitehead, Nicole Mayer-Hamblett
OBJECTIVES: To describe the variation in approaches to surgical and antibiotic treatment for first cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt infection and adherence to Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective cohort study of children undergoing treatment for first CSF infection at 7 Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network hospitals from April 2008 through December 2012. Univariate analyses were performed to describe the study population...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670801/clinical-practice-audit-of-perioperative-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-do-routine-academic-activities-improve-adherence-to-practice-guidelines
#12
Mehul Agrawal, Pramod Kumar Sharma, S P Dhaneria
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial prophylaxis should be used in circumstances where efficacy has been demonstrated and benefits outweigh the risk. Each hospital must have an antibiotic policy that is implementable and fully adhered to. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in 209 patients, admitted to swards of various surgical departments including surgery, obstetrics & gynaecology (O&G), otorhinolaryngology (ENT) and orthopaedics. Relevant antimicrobial use data of each patient was collected in a customized Case Record Form (CRF) from day one until patient was discharged...
September 26, 2016: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664820/usefulness-of-quality-indicators-for-antibiotic-use-case-study-for-the-netherlands
#13
Alike W van der Velden, Monique Roukens, Ewoudt van de Garde, Marco Lourens, Stephanie Natsch
QUALITY PROBLEM: Inappropriate antibiotic use drives development of antimicrobial resistance. Worldwide, guideline adherence for antibiotic treatment of infectious disease is far from optimal. Insight in prescribing quality is pivotal for healthcare professionals and policy makers to intervene appropriately. INITIAL ASSESSMENTS: European countries uniformly monitor antibiotic use, which is reported yearly by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control...
September 24, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567604/rational-use-of-antibiotics-by-community-health-workers-and-caregivers-for-children-with-suspected-pneumonia-in-zambia-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-study
#14
Kirstie Graham, Chomba Sinyangwe, Sarala Nicholas, Rebecca King, Samuel Mukupa, Karin Källander, Helen Counihan, Mark Montague, James Tibenderana, Prudence Hamade
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is an issue of growing global concern. One key strategy to minimise further development of resistance is the rational use of antibiotics, by providers and patients alike. Through integrated community case management (iCCM), children diagnosed with suspected pneumonia are treated with antibiotics; one component of an essential package to reduce child mortality and increase access to health care for remote populations. Through the use of clinical algorithms, supportive supervision and training, iCCM also offers the opportunity to improve the rational use of antibiotics and limit the spread of resistance in resource-poor contexts...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540225/how-well-do-outpatient-prescriptions-adhere-to-good-antimicrobial-stewardship
#15
Hirminder Ubhi, Mitul Patel, Lisa Ludwig
AIM: Aims of the study included evaluation of outpatient antibiotic prescribing practices relating to good Antimicrobial Stewardship1 focusing on documentation of indication and duration. METHOD: Prescriptions dispensed at the Outpatient Pharmacy over a 6 week were evaluated. Data collected include patient's hospital identification in full, the antibiotic prescribed, duration of treatment, indication (in a specifically allocated area on the prescription) and route of administration, prescriber speciality and grade...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540193/an-audit-of-the-paediatric-empiric-anti-infective-guidelines-and-anti-infective-drug-dose-table-for-children
#16
Sanna Zaffar, Penny Fletcher
AIM: To assess compliance with paediatric empiric anti-infective guidelines and anti-infective drug dose table for children. METHOD: Data collection was carried out on the paediatric wards. EXCLUSIONS: ▸ Bone marrow transplant patients (BMT).▸ Patients not on empirical anti-infective treatmentData were collected prospectively between January and 30 February 2015. A data collection form was completed and data analysed using Excel. STANDARDS: (1) 90% adherence to the paediatric guidelines for empirical anti-infectives treatment(2) 90% prescriptions have the indication recorded in either the drug charts or notes(3) 90% prescriptions have duration recorded of treatment/review date on drug chart or medical notes(4) 95% initial doses should adhere to the anti-infective drug dose table for children RESULTS: Data were collected from 50 patients; eight were subsequently excluded as they were not on empirical treatment or were prescribed antibiotics started prior to admission giving a final sample for analysis of 42...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540192/review-of-independent-nurse-prescribing-in-a-paediatric-cystic-fibrosis-cf-and-respiratory-population
#17
Gabis Chana, Michelle Tabberner, Wendy Nixon, Sue Frost, Leslie Barrett, Maya Desai, Lucy Paskin
AIM: With pressures on junior doctors' availability in the NHS, non-medical prescribing is topical. Independent Nurse Prescribers (INPs) can prescribe any licensed medicine for any medical condition within their level of competence.1 An audit was undertaken of the four INPs employed by the Respiratory Department evaluating current prescribing practices. METHOD: The requirement for this audit was identified by the multidisciplinary team (MDT) and Trust approval was obtained...
September 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524422/determinants-of-practice-patterns-in-pediatric-uti-management
#18
R E Selekman, I E Allen, H L Copp
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection (UTI) affects 10% of girls and 3% of boys by age 16. Both the American Academy of Pediatrics and National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence Guidelines recommend urine testing prior to initiation of antibiotic treatment and the use of local antibiograms to guide empiric antibiotic therapy. Urine culture results not only provide the opportunity to halt empiric therapy if there is no bacterial growth, but also allow for tailoring of broad-spectrum therapy...
July 5, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500346/avoiding-inadequate-intrapartum-antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-group-b-streptococci
#19
Sarah Bienenfeld, Laura G Rodriguez-Riesco, Kent D Heyborne
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the frequency and reasons for inadequate group B streptococci (GBS) prophylaxis at our institution and to estimate what proportion of cases can be avoided with perfect protocol adherence. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of neonates born to GBS-colonized women who received inadequate prophylaxis between April 30, 2013, and May 1, 2014. The maternal chart was analyzed to categorize each case as avoidable (adequate time on labor and delivery to receive antibiotics 4 hours before birth and β-lactam antibiotic-eligible) or unavoidable and to determine whether a violation of the 2010 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) protocol (delayed or incorrect antibiotics) occurred...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484018/impact-of-an-evidence-based-guideline-on-the-management-of-community-acquired-bacterial-meningitis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#20
J M Costerus, M C Brouwer, M W Bijlsma, M W Tanck, A van der Ende, D van de Beek
OBJECTIVES: To study the impact of an evidence-based guideline on the management of community-acquired bacterial meningitis. METHODS: We performed an interrupted time series analysis in a prospective nationwide cohort study from 2006 to 2015. The guideline stresses the importance of cranial imaging before lumbar puncture (LP) in selected patients based on clinical criteria, and early treatment with amoxicillin and a third-generation cephalosporin for adults with suspected community-acquired bacterial meningitis...
November 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
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