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Depression Athletes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902497/service-providers-attitudes-toward-athletes-with-eating-disorders
#1
Siobhain McArdle, Mary M Meade, Emma Burrows
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the nature and extent of Athlete Support Personnel's (ASP's) attitudes and beliefs toward athletes with symptoms of anorexia nervosa (AN) compared with those with symptoms of depression. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study with a survey instrument. SETTING: Sport and Exercise Science Professional Bodies and Associations in the Republic of Ireland, Northern Ireland, and mainland United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred fifty-two ASP...
November 29, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900184/symptoms-and-risk-factors-of-depression-during-and-after-the-football-career-of-elite-female-players
#2
Birgit Prinz, Jiří Dvořák, Astrid Junge
BACKGROUND: The mental health of elite athletes has received increasing attention in recent years, but no study has evaluated the career-time prevalence of depression, and very few have analysed risk factors of mental health problems during or after the career. METHODS: 157 (response rate 64.1%) female players who played in the German First League answered an anonymous online survey on details of their football career, stressful and helpful conditions, depression and need of psychotherapeutic support during and after the football career...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900164/prevalence-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-top-level-male-and-female-football-players
#3
Astrid Junge, Nina Feddermann-Demont
BACKGROUND: Scientific studies on the prevalence of mental health problems in elite athletes are rare, and most have had considerable methodological limitations, such as low response rate and heterogeneous samples. AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of depression and anxiety in top-level football players in comparison to the general population, and to analyse potential risk factors. METHODS: Players of all first league (FL) and of four U-21 football teams in Switzerland were asked to answer a questionnaire on player's characteristics, the Centre of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894209/the-prevalence-and-risk-indicators-of-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-current-and-former-dutch-elite-athletes
#4
Vincent Gouttebarge, Ruud Jonkers, Maarten Moen, Evert Verhagen, Paul Wylleman, Gino Kerkhoffs
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and comorbidity of symptoms of common mental disorders (distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, eating disorders, adverse alcohol use) among current and former Dutch elite athletes, and to explore the inference between potential risk indicators (severe injury, surgery, life events, sport career dissatisfaction, social support) and the outcomes measures under investigation. Cross-sectional analyses were conducted on baseline questionnaires from an ongoing prospective cohort study among 203 current and 282 former elite Dutch athletes (response rate: 28% among current athletes and 95% among former athletes)...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843436/lifetime-multiple-mild-traumatic-brain-injuries-are-associated-with-cognitive-and-mood-symptoms-in-young-healthy-college-students
#5
Kyle C Vynorius, Alyssa M Paquin, Daniel R Seichepine
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Repetitive mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI, also known as concussion) has been associated with a range of long-term mood and cognitive deficits, including executive dysfunction. Previous research in athletes suggests that cognitive and mood problems are associated with a history of repetitive mTBI. However, to date, no studies have examined the impact of a lifetime accumulation of repetitive mTBIs on cognition, particularly executive functioning, and mood in a sample of young adults who were not athletes...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824235/radial-shock-wave-therapy-effect-on-pain-and-motor-performance-in-a-paralympic-athlete-a-case-report
#6
Laura Mori, Lucio Marinelli, Elisa Pelosin, Matteo Gambaro, Roberto Trentini, Giovanni Abbruzzese, Carlo Trompetto
BACKGROUND: Recent studies demonstrated the usefulness of Radial Shock Waves Therapy (RSWT) in treating hypertonia in patients affected by cerebral palsy (CP), stroke, and dystonia. RSWT have never been used to treat spasticity in disabled athletes. CASE REPORT: An athlete affected by tetraparesis due to CP underwent three RSWT sessions in a week. We assessed muscular tone using the Modified Ashworth scale (MAS), pain and fatigue experienced during athletic performance with Visual Analogic Scale (VAS) and Borg scale Category-Ratio anchored at number 10 (Borg CR10)...
November 8, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812342/commentary-the-experience-of-depression-during-careers-of-elite-male-athletes
#7
COMMENT
Monna Arvinen-Barrow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793838/cohort-profile-examining-neighbourhood-activities-in-built-living-environments-in-london-the-enable-london-olympic-park-cohort
#8
Bina Ram, Claire M Nightingale, Mohammed T Hudda, Venediktos V Kapetanakis, Anne Ellaway, Ashley R Cooper, Angie Page, Daniel Lewis, Steven Cummins, Billie Giles-Corti, Peter H Whincup, Derek G Cook, Alicja R Rudnicka, Christopher G Owen
PURPOSE: The Examining Neighbourhood Activities in Built Living Environments in London (ENABLE London) project is a natural experiment which aims to establish whether physical activity and other health behaviours show sustained changes among individuals and families relocating to East Village (formerly the London 2012 Olympics Athletes' Village), when compared with a control population living outside East Village throughout. PARTICIPANTS: Between January 2013 and December 2015, 1497 individuals from 1006 households were recruited and assessed (at baseline) (including 392 households seeking social housing, 421 seeking intermediate and 193 seeking market rent homes)...
October 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771523/it-isn-t-all-just-fun-and-games-collegiate-participation-in-extracurricular-activities-and-risk-for-generalized-and-sexual-harassment-psychological-distress-and-alcohol-use
#9
Meredith McGinley, Kathleen M Rospenda, Li Liu, Judith A Richman
Collegiate extracurricular activities, despite their benefits, may place students at an increased risk for experiencing harassment. This study utilizes multiple waves of data from an online longitudinal survey to examine how participation in college activities (intramural sports, fraternities/sororities, school clubs) relates to experiences of sexual and generalized harassment and outcomes (psychological distress, heavy alcohol use) among undergraduates (N = 1852, 58.6% female, 57.4% White) in the Midwestern United States...
December 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747793/a-preliminary-study-of-the-effectiveness-of-an-allostatic-closed-loop-acoustic-stimulation-neurotechnology-in-the-treatment-of-athletes-with-persisting-post-concussion-symptoms
#10
Charles H Tegeler, Catherine L Tegeler, Jared F Cook, Sung W Lee, Lee Gerdes, Hossam A Shaltout, Christopher M Miles, Sean L Simpson
BACKGROUND: Effective interventions are needed for individuals with persisting post-concussion symptoms. High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring (HIRREM®) is an allostatic, closed-loop, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology, designed to facilitate relaxation and self-optimization of neural oscillations. METHODS: Fifteen athletes (seven females, mean age 18.1 years, SD 2.6) with persisting post-concussion symptoms received 18.7 (SD 6...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718590/experiences-with-and-perceptions-of-workplace-bullying-among-athletic-trainers-in-the-secondary-school-setting
#11
William A Pitney, Celest Weuve, Stephanie M Mazerolle
CONTEXT: Workplace bullying (WPB) has recently received much attention in society. Research on WPB in athletic training practice settings is limited. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of WPB in the secondary school setting and explore the factors related to it. DESIGN: Mixed-methods study. SETTING: Secondary school. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 567 athletic trainers (women = 322 [56...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637402/repetitive-head-impacts-and-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy
#12
REVIEW
Ann C McKee, Michael L Alosco, Bertrand R Huber
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a distinctive neurodegenerative disease that occurs as a result of repetitive head impacts. CTE can only be diagnosed by postmortem neuropathologic examination of brain tissue. CTE is a unique disorder with a pathognomonic lesion that can be reliably distinguished from other neurodegenerative diseases. CTE is associated with violent behaviors, explosivity, loss of control, depression, suicide, memory loss and cognitive changes. There is increasing evidence that CTE affects amateur athletes as well as professional athletes and military veterans...
October 2016: Neurosurgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603761/psychological-and-physiological-markers-of-stress-in-concussed-athletes-across-recovery-milestones
#13
Michael G Hutchison, Lynda Mainwaring, Arrani Senthinathan, Nathan Churchill, Scott Thomas, Doug Richards
BACKGROUND: Sport-related concussions are associated with a range of physical, cognitive, and behavioral disturbances that are highly variable across individuals. Much remains unknown about the effects of sport concussion, and changes in markers of psychological and physiological stress over the recovery timeline. OBJECTIVE: To examine psychological (mood, stress, sleep quality, and symptoms) and physiological (heart rate variability and salivary cortisol) measures in concussed athletes over clinical recovery milestones...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551023/diagnosis-threat-and-injury-beliefs-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Samantha N Carter-Allison, Sebastian Potter, Katharine Rimes
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis threat is a psychosocial factor proposed to contribute to poor cognitive outcomes following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). The current research explored diagnosis threat impact on objective and subjective cognitive performance in a "high risk" population of athletes. Two possible moderators of diagnosis threat - injury beliefs and suggestibility - were also investigated. METHOD: Seventy-six participants with a history of mTBI were recruited through sports clubs and randomized to a months threat group (instructions drew attention to mTBI history) or a control group (no mention of mTBI)...
August 22, 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532478/former-abusers-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-exhibit-decreased-testosterone-levels-and-hypogonadal-symptoms-years-after-cessation-a-case-control-study
#15
Jon Jarløv Rasmussen, Christian Selmer, Peter Busch Østergren, Karen Boje Pedersen, Morten Schou, Finn Gustafsson, Jens Faber, Anders Juul, Caroline Kistorp
AIMS: Abuse of anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) is highly prevalent among male recreational athletes. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of AAS abuse on reproductive hormone levels and symptoms suggestive of hypogonadism in current and former AAS abusers. METHODS: This study had a cross-sectional case-control design and involved 37 current AAS abusers, 33 former AAS abusers (mean (95%CI) elapsed duration since AAS cessation: 2.5 (1.7; 3...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497835/the-postpartum-triathlete
#16
Jill Thein-Nissenbaum
The postpartum period in a woman's life is filled with numerous changes, including physical changes, changes in sleep habits, and learning how to best care for a newborn. A common goal among postpartum women is to either begin or resume an active lifestyle, which often includes physical activity such as running, biking and swimming. The postpartum athlete may discover barriers that prevent her from returning to or beginning an exercise routine. These obstacles include muscle weakness, fatigue, depression and physical changes that require exercise modification...
September 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488101/osteoarthritis-is-associated-with-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-former-elite-athletes
#17
Nannet Schuring, Haruhito Aoki, Janine Gray, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Mike Lambert, Vincent Gouttebarge
PURPOSE: The primary aim was to establish the association between osteoarthritis (OA) and the occurrence and comorbidity of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD: distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, adverse alcohol use) in a group of former elite athletes (rugby, football, ice hockey, Gaelic sports and cricket). A secondary aim was to explore this association in the subgroups of sports. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis was performed on the baseline questionnaires from five prospective cohort studies conducted between April 2014 and January 2016 in former elite athletes of rugby, football, ice hockey, Gaelic sports and cricket...
August 3, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486418/the-experience-of-depression-during-the-careers-of-elite-male-athletes
#18
Steve Doherty, Barbara Hannigan, Mark J Campbell
The topic of depression during the career of elite male athletes has been the subject of much public interest and attention in recent years. Despite numerous debates and personal disclosures within the media, there is a dearth of published research directly exploring the phenomenon. This study sought to explore how elite male athletes experience depression during their sporting careers. Eight former/current elite male athletes who had previously publically self-identified as having experienced depression while participating in sport were recruited for this study...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27463033/psychiatric-medication-preferences-of-sports-psychiatrists
#19
Claudia L Reardon, Shane Creado
OBJECTIVES: When prescribing psychiatric medications to athletes, it is important to consider issues that are especially important for this population, including side effects, safety concerns, and anti-doping policies. Only one report, from 2000, describes the prescribing preferences of psychiatrists who work with athletes. This manuscript aims to update the findings from that report, so as to help inform prescribing practices of primary care physicians, psychiatrists, and other clinicians who work with athletes...
July 26, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378988/comparison-of-athletes-proneness-to-depressive-symptoms-in-individual-and-team-sports-research-on-psychological-mediators-in-junior-elite-athletes
#20
Insa Nixdorf, Raphael Frank, Jürgen Beckmann
Depression among elite athletes is a topic of increasing interest and public awareness. Currently, empirical data on elite athletes' depressive symptoms are rare. Recent results indicate sport-related mechanisms and effects on depression prevalence in elite athlete samples; specific factors associated with depression include overtraining, injury, and failure in competition. One such effect is that athletes competing in individual sports were found to be more prone to depressive symptoms than athletes competing in team sports...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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