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Depression Athletes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795636/athletic-identity-and-psychiatric-symptoms-following-retirement-from-varsity-sports
#1
Zarina A Giannone, Colleen J Haney, David Kealy, John S Ogrodniczuk
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence identifying adjustment difficulties among retiring athletes, research investigating factors that contribute to post-retirement complications is limited. Athletic identity may be an important determinant of adverse adaptation to sport retirement. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to address the influence of athletic identity on post-retirement depression and anxiety symptoms among varsity athletes. METHOD: An anonymous, online survey regarding athletic identity and psychiatric symptoms was completed by 72 self-identified varsity athletes during their final season of competition and 3 months after retiring from sport...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776836/adolescent-athletic-participation-patterns-and-self-perceived-competence-associations-with-later-participation-depressive-symptoms-and-health
#2
Jennifer P Agans, Sara K Johnson, Richard M Lerner
Physical activity is important for well-being across the life span. However, links between patterns of adolescent activity, competence perceptions, and young adult outcomes are underexplored. We used data from seven waves of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development (N = 5,961) to assess patterns of adolescent athletic participation, whether these patterns were associated with self-perceived athletic competence and young adult physical activity, depressive symptoms, and health, and associations between changes in participation across adolescence and young adult outcomes...
September 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738884/health-status-and-health-behaviors-among-citizen-endurance-nordic-skiers-in-the-united-states
#3
Paul J Anderson, Ralph S Bovard, Mohammad Hassan Murad, Timothy J Beebe, Zhen Wang
BACKGROUND: More than two-thirds of Americans are overweight or obese (69%) placing them at high risk for a wide array of chronic diseases. Physical activity anchors most approaches to obesity prevention and weight management, but physical activity levels remain low in the general US population. As a group, citizen athletes who compete in Nordic skiing events such as the American Birkebeiner participate in fitness cultures that promote physical activity. METHODS: During October-November 2014, we emailed a 48 question online survey to 23,611 individuals who had participated in the American Birkebeiner ski event, the largest citizen ski race in North America...
July 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701496/the-spectrum-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Andrew R Mayer, Davin K Quinn, Christina L Master
OBJECTIVE: This review provides an in-depth overview of diagnostic schema and risk factors influencing recovery during the acute, subacute (operationally defined as up to 3 months postinjury), and chronic injury phases across the full spectrum of individuals (e.g., athletes to neurosurgery patients) with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Particular emphasis is placed on the complex differential diagnoses for patients with prolonged postconcussive symptoms. METHODS: Select literature review and synthesis...
August 8, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673414/psychiatric-comorbidities-in-sports
#5
REVIEW
Claudia L Reardon
Athletes are not immune to mental illness, despite outward appearances of strength and wellness. Depression and anxiety disorders may occur in athletes at least as commonly as in the general population. Eating disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and substance use disorders may occur even more frequently in athletes than in the general population. Thus, it is imperative that medical professionals across all specialties are aware of these psychiatric comorbidities, and how to initiate evaluation for and treatment of them...
August 2017: Neurologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672325/association-of-playing-high-school-football-with-cognition-and-mental-health-later-in-life
#6
Sameer K Deshpande, Raiden B Hasegawa, Amanda R Rabinowitz, John Whyte, Carol L Roan, Andrew Tabatabaei, Michael Baiocchi, Jason H Karlawish, Christina L Master, Dylan S Small
Importance: American football is the largest participation sport in US high schools and is a leading cause of concussion among adolescents. Little is known about the long-term cognitive and mental health consequences of exposure to football-related head trauma at the high school level. Objective: To estimate the association of playing high school football with cognitive impairment and depression at 65 years of age. Design, Setting, and Participants: A representative sample of male high school students who graduated from high school in Wisconsin in 1957 was studied...
August 1, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615996/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-safety-and-efficacy-of-creatine-supplementation-in-exercise-sport-and-medicine
#7
REVIEW
Richard B Kreider, Douglas S Kalman, Jose Antonio, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Robert Wildman, Rick Collins, Darren G Candow, Susan M Kleiner, Anthony L Almada, Hector L Lopez
Creatine is one of the most popular nutritional ergogenic aids for athletes. Studies have consistently shown that creatine supplementation increases intramuscular creatine concentrations which may help explain the observed improvements in high intensity exercise performance leading to greater training adaptations. In addition to athletic and exercise improvement, research has shown that creatine supplementation may enhance post-exercise recovery, injury prevention, thermoregulation, rehabilitation, and concussion and/or spinal cord neuroprotection...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613407/school-mental-healthcare-services-using-internet-based-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-young-male-athletes-in-japan
#8
Ryo Sekizaki, Takahiro Nemoto, Naohisa Tsujino, Chieko Takano, Chie Yoshida, Taiju Yamaguchi, Naoyuki Katagiri, Yutaka Ono, Masafumi Mizuno
AIM: Preventive intervention and treatment using internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT) can be easily administered to school students, as they are quite familiar with internet tools. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness and contribution of iCBT to mental healthcare in a school setting. METHODS: Eighty Japanese high school boys who were participating in a sports specialist course were enrolled in this study. The participants were randomly assigned to either the iCBT intervention group or the control group...
June 14, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601589/sharpsports-mental-health-awareness-research-project-prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-depressive-symptoms-and-life-stress-in-elite-athletes
#9
Sarah Beable, Mark Fulcher, Arier C Lee, Bruce Hamilton
OBJECTIVES: Our study aims to estimate the prevalence of symptoms of depression and daily life hassles in elite athletes. DESIGN: A cross-sectional prospective epidemiological study design. METHODS: An online anonymous survey was administered during a 2-month period from May to July 2015. Athletes 18 years of age (or older) who were members of the High Performance Sport New Zealand programme were invited to participate. Of 370 potential participants, 187 completed responses were received (51%)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28564743/forced-retirement-from-professional-rugby-union-is-associated-with-symptoms-of-distress
#10
James Craig Brown, Gino Kerkhoffs, Mike I Lambert, Vincent Gouttebarge
Rugby has a higher injury burden than other popular sports, such as football. Athletes who are forced to retire as a result of injury are associated with poor mental health. With its high injury burden, professional rugby players might be at risk of mental health conditions associated with injury-related forced retirement. This study aimed to compare mental health between former professional rugby players who were and weren't forced to retire. A questionnaire including the 4DSQ (distress), GHQ-12 (anxiety/depression), PROMIS short-form (sleep disturbance) and AUDIT-C (alcohol misuse) was completed by retired professional players from Ireland, France and South Africa...
July 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557857/consumption-of-a-5-mg-melatonin-supplement-does-not-affect-32-2-kilometer-cycling-time-trial-performance
#11
Kyle J Brandenberger, Christopher P Ingalls, Jeffrey C Rupp, J Andrew Doyle
Some studies suggest that exogenous melatonin supplementation may improve athletic performance in hot humid environments because of its precooling effect. However, melatonin is also consumed as a sleep aid for its depressive effects on the central nervous system, which may hinder performance. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine whether consuming a 5 mg supplement of melatonin would affect performance in a laboratory-simulated 32.2 kilometer cycling time trial. The time trial was conducted in a thermoneutral environment to separate CNS depressive effects of the melatonin from the cooling effects...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515545/traumatic-brain-injury-and-neuropsychiatric-complications
#12
REVIEW
Saeed Ahmed, Hema Venigalla, Hema Madhuri Mekala, Sara Dar, Mudasar Hassan, Shahana Ayub
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when a blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating injury results in damage to the brain. It is the most frequent cause of hospitalization in young people with a higher prevalence in men. TBI is the leading cause of disability and mortality between the ages 1 and 45. TBI can be caused either by the direct result of trauma or due to a complication of the primary injury. The most common etiological factors for TBI are falls, road traffic accidents, violent physical assaults, and injuries associated with athletic activities...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508888/association-among-practice-frequency-on-depression-and-stress-among-competitive-us-male-wheelchair-rugby-athletes-with-tetraplegia
#13
S L Silveira, T Ledoux, M Cottingham, D C Hernandez
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether frequency of training is related to self-reported lower psychological distress, defined as depressive symptomology and perceived stress, among the US male wheelchair rugby athletes with tetraplegia. SETTING: United States. METHODS: Survey data were collected on a convenience sample at wheelchair rugby tournaments from January-April 2016. Participants self-reported depressive symptomology (CES-D-10), perceived stress scale (PSS), and frequency of rugby practice...
May 16, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480859/the-effects-of-non-functional-overreaching-and-overtraining-on-autonomic-nervous-system-function-in-highly-trained-athletes
#14
T Kajaia, L Maskhulia, K Chelidze, V Akhalkatsi, Z Kakhabrishvili
Aim of the study was to compare the ANS functioning, as measured by heart rate variability (HRV), in athletes with non-functional overreaching (NFO) and overtraining syndrome (OTS) and in athletes without NFO/OTS. In 43 athletes with NFO/OTS, 40 athletes without NFO/OTS, as well as in 35 sedentary subjects the ANS function was evaluated with the Autonomic Balance Test, based on the HRV analysis of resting heart rate recordings. Results of the study show lower HRV and lower vagal influence along with increased sympathetic cardiovascular control in athletes with non-functional overreaching and particularly in athletes with overtraining, than in highly trained athletes without NFO/OTS...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478818/the-multi-factorial-origins-of-chronic-traumatic-encephalopathy-cte-symptomology-in-post-career-athletes-the-athlete-post-career-adjustment-ap-ca-model
#15
Michael Gaetz
CTE has two prominent components: the pathophysiology that is detected in the brain postmortem and the symptomology that is present in the interval between retirement and end of life. CTE symptomology has been noted to include memory difficulties, aggression, depression, explosivity, and executive dysfunction at early stages progressing to problems with attention, mood swings, visuospatial difficulties, confusion, progressive dementia, and suicidality (e.g. McKee et al. (2012), Omalu et al. (2010a-c), McKee et al...
May 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455362/a-systematic-review-of-potential-long-term-effects-of-sport-related-concussion
#16
REVIEW
Geoff Manley, Andrew J Gardner, Kathryn J Schneider, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Julian Bailes, Robert C Cantu, Rudolph J Castellani, Michael Turner, Barry D Jordan, Christopher Randolph, Jiří Dvořák, K Alix Hayden, Charles H Tator, Paul McCrory, Grant L Iverson
OBJECTIVE: Systematic review of possible long-term effects of sports-related concussion in retired athletes. DATA SOURCES: Ten electronic databases. STUDY SELECTION: Original research; incidence, risk factors or causation related to long-term mental health or neurological problems; individuals who have suffered a concussion; retired athletes as the subjects and possible long-term sequelae defined as >10 years after the injury. DATA EXTRACTION: Study population, exposure/outcome measures, clinical data, neurological examination findings, cognitive assessment, neuroimaging findings and neuropathology results...
June 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441037/preseason-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-prospective-injury-risk-in-collegiate-athletes
#17
Hongmei Li, Jennifer J Moreland, Corinne Peek-Asa, Jingzhen Yang
BACKGROUND: Psychological risk factors are increasingly recognized as important in sport-related injury prevention. Understanding how these psychological factors may affect the risk of injuries could help design effective prevention programs. PURPOSE: To determine the effect of reported preseason anxiety and depressive symptoms on the risk of injuries during a prospective season in a cohort of collegiate athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389219/somatic-effects-of-aas-abuse-a-30-years-follow-up-study-of-male-former-power-sports-athletes
#18
A S Lindqvist Bagge, T Rosén, C Fahlke, C Ehrnborg, B O Eriksson, T Moberg, I Thiblin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between somatic health and former abuse of AAS in former elite male athletes 30 years after the end of their active sports career. DESIGN: Retrospective follow-up study. METHODS: N=996 former elite male athletes were sent a questionnaire concerning sociodemographic variables, previous and past sport activity and lifetime prevalence of seeking professional help for health problems...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387557/a-physiological-approach-to-prolonged-recovery-from-sport-related-concussion
#19
REVIEW
John Leddy, John G Baker, Mohammad Nadir Haider, Andrea Hinds, Barry Willer
Management of the athlete with postconcussion syndrome (PCS) is challenging because of the nonspecificity of PCS symptoms. Ongoing symptoms reflect prolonged concussion pathophysiology or conditions such as migraine headaches, depression or anxiety, chronic pain, cervical injury, visual dysfunction, vestibular dysfunction, or some combination of these. In this paper, we focus on the physiological signs of concussion to help narrow the differential diagnosis of PCS in athletes. The physiological effects of exercise on concussion are especially important for athletes...
March 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385561/a-multifactorial-evaluation-of-illness-risk-factors-in-athletes-preparing-for-the-summer-olympic-games
#20
Michael K Drew, Nicole Vlahovich, David Hughes, Renee Appaneal, Kirsten Peterson, Louise Burke, Bronwen Lundy, Mary Toomey, David Watts, Gregory Lovell, Stephan Praet, Shona Halson, Candice Colbey, Silvia Manzanero, Marijke Welvaert, Nic West, David B Pyne, Gordon Waddington
OBJECTIVES: Illness can disrupt training and competition performance of athletes. Few studies have quantified the relative contribution of the known medical, behavioural and lifestyle risk factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Olympic athletes from 11 sports (n=221) were invited to complete questionnaires administered nine months before the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. These included the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Questionnaire (DASS-21), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Dispositional Resilience Scale (DRS), Recovery-Stress Questionnaire (REST-Q-52 item), Low Energy in Females Questionnaire (LEAF-Q), a modified Personal and Household Hygiene questionnaire, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and custom-made questionnaires on probiotic usage and travel...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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