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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159546/sport-related-concussion-and-mental-health-outcomes-in-elite-athletes-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Simon M Rice, Alexandra G Parker, Simon Rosenbaum, Alan Bailey, Daveena Mawren, Rosemary Purcell
BACKGROUND: Elite athletes can experience a diverse range of symptoms following post-concussive injury. The impact of sport-related concussion on specific mental health outcomes is unclear in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to appraise the evidence base regarding the association between sport-related concussion and mental health outcomes in athletes competing at elite and professional levels. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Cinahl databases was conducted...
November 20, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148628/clinical-significance-of-st-depression-at-exercise-stress-testing-in-competitive-athletes-usefulness-of-coronary-ct-during-screening
#2
Fabio Sperandii, Emanuele Guerra, Eliana Tranchita, Carlo Minganti, Chiara Lanzillo, Antonia Nigro, Federico Quaranta, Attilio Parisi, Mauro DI Roma, Luciano Maresca, Federica Fagnani, Leonardo Calò
BACKGROUND: Congenital coronary anomalies (CCAs) and coronary artery disease (CAD) arouse intense scientific and clinical interest in sports medicine and sports cardiology medical communities because of their potential to trigger sudden cardiac death (SCD) in athletes. Exercise stress testing represent the first instrumental assessment to evaluate electrocardiographic changes during effort. Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is an advanced accurate noninvasive imaging modality for excluding CAD and abnormalities of origin and course of coronary vessels...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146296/anomalous-origin-of-coronary-arteries-from-the-wrong-sinus-in-athletes-diagnosis-and-management-strategies
#3
Vincenzo Palmieri, Salvatore Gervasi, Massimiliano Bianco, Roberta Cogliani, Barbara Poscolieri, Francesco Cuccaro, Riccardo Marano, Mario Mazzari, Cristina Basso, Paolo Zeppilli
AIMS: Although anomalous origin of left (AOLCA) and right coronary artery (AORCA) from the wrong sinus may cause sudden death (SD) in athletes, early diagnosis and management of these anomalies are still challenging. We analysed clinical/instrumental profiles of athletes identified with AOLCA/AORCA focusing our attention on diagnosis, management and follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS: We report 23 athletes (17 males, mean age 27±17yrs.), 6 with AOLCA and 17 with AORCA...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135565/pediatric-and-adolescent-anterior-shoulder-instability-clinical-management-of-first-time-dislocators
#4
Kenneth M Lin, Evan W James, Elad Spitzer, Peter D Fabricant
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to discuss the epidemiology, pathoanatomy, diagnosis, and clinical management of pediatric and adolescent patients following a first-time shoulder dislocation. RECENT FINDINGS: Shoulder instability is becoming increasingly common as pediatric and adolescent patients engage in earlier organized sports competition. Recommended treatment following a first-time glenohumeral dislocation event in adolescents depends on several factors, but surgical stabilization is becoming more frequently performed...
November 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131365/gut-microbiota-and-body-composition-in-anorexia-nervosa-inpatients-in-comparison-to-athletes-overweight-obese-and-normal-weight-controls
#5
Sabrina Mörkl, Sonja Lackner, Wolfram Müller, Gregor Gorkiewicz, Karl Kashofer, Andreas Oberascher, Annamaria Painold, Anna Holl, Peter Holzer, Andreas Meinitzer, Harald Mangge, Sandra Holasek
OBJECTIVES: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a heterogeneous eating disorder associated with alterations of body structure and the gut microbiome. We aimed to investigate the gut microbiota composition of a large female cohort including different BMI groups and activity levels along with body composition parameters. METHOD: 106 female participants were included in this cross-sectional study: AN patients (n = 18), athletes (n = 20), normal weight (n = 26), overweight (n = 22), and obese women (n = 20)...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120225/descriptive-values-for-dancers-on-baseline-concussion-tools
#6
Lauren McIntyre, Marc Campo
CONTEXT:   Capturing baseline data before a concussion can be a valuable tool in individualized care. However, not all athletes, including dancers, have access to baseline testing. When baseline examinations were not performed, clinicians consult normative values. Dancers are unique athletes; therefore, describing values specific to dancers may assist those working with these athletes in making more informed decisions. OBJECTIVE:   To describe values for key concussion measures of dancers...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098623/the-igf1-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway-in-mediating-exercise-induced-cardiac-hypertrophy-and-protection
#7
Kate L Weeks, Bianca C Bernardo, Jenny Y Y Ooi, Natalie L Patterson, Julie R McMullen
Regular physical activity or exercise training can lead to heart enlargement known as cardiac hypertrophy. Cardiac hypertrophy is broadly defined as an increase in heart mass. In adults, cardiac hypertrophy is often considered a poor prognostic sign because it often progresses to heart failure. Heart enlargement in a setting of cardiac disease is referred to as pathological cardiac hypertrophy and is typically characterized by cell death and depressed cardiac function. By contrast, physiological cardiac hypertrophy, as occurs in response to chronic exercise training (i...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056598/prevalence-of-illness-poor-mental-health-and-sleep-quality-and-low-energy-availability-prior-to-the-2016-summer-olympic-games
#8
Michael Drew, Nicole Vlahovich, David Hughes, Renee Appaneal, Louise M Burke, Bronwen Lundy, Margot Rogers, Mary Toomey, David Watts, Gregory Lovell, Stephan Praet, Shona L Halson, Candice Colbey, Silvia Manzanero, Marijke Welvaert, Nicholas P West, David B Pyne, Gordon Waddington
OBJECTIVE: Establish the prevalence of illness symptoms, poor sleep quality, poor mental health symptoms, low energy availability and stress-recovery state in an Olympic cohort late in the 3 months prior to the Summer Olympic Games. METHODS: Olympic athletes (n=317) from 11 sports were invited to complete questionnaires administered 3 months before the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. These questionnaires included the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale, Dispositional Resilience Scale, Recovery-Stress Questionnaire (REST-Q-52 item), Low Energy Availability in Females Questionnaire (LEAF-Q), Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and custom-made questionnaires on probiotic usage and travel...
October 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047222/validation-of-the-german-version-of-the-ford-insomnia-response-to-stress-test
#9
Arne Dieck, Susanne Helbig, Christopher L Drake, Jutta Backhaus
The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of a German version of the Ford Insomnia Response to Stress Test with groups with and without sleep problems. Three studies were analysed. Data set 1 was based on an initial screening for a sleep training program (n = 393), data set 2 was based on a study to test the test-retest reliability of the Ford Insomnia Response to Stress Test (n = 284) and data set 3 was based on a study to examine the influence of competitive sport on sleep (n = 37)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977294/sleep-quality-and-its-association-with-psychological-symptoms-in-adolescent-athletes
#10
Gabriel Cordeiro Gomes, Muana Hiandra Pereira Dos Passos, Hítalo Andrade Silva, Valéria Mayaly Alves de Oliveira, Wbinayara Alves Novaes, Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui, Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo
OBJECTIVE: To verify the prevalence of poor sleep quality and its association with personal characteristics and symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress in amateur adolescent athletes. METHODS: 309 adolescent athletes aged between 10 and 19 years were enrolled. Data collection included: a structured questionnaire, with personal information; the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21). Results are described in mean and standard deviation (numeric variables) and absolute and relative frequencies (categorical variables)...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961069/symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-and-related-stressors-in-danish-professional-football-and-handball
#11
Özgür Kilic, Haruhito Aoki, Rasmus Haagensen, Claus Jensen, Urban Johnson, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Vincent Gouttebarge
The aim of the study was twofold, namely (i) to determine the prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMDs) among current and retired professional football and handball players and (ii) to explore the relationship of psychosocial stressors with the outcome measures under study. A total of 1155 players were enrolled in an observational study based on a cross-sectional design. Questionnaires based on validated scales were set up and distributed among current and retired professional football and handball players by the Danish football and handball players' union...
September 29, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919268/depression-and-sports-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#12
Antoine Yrondi, David Brauge, Johanne LeMen, Christophe Arbus, Jérémie Pariente
CONTEXT: Head injuries are risk factors for chronic depressive disorders, but this association remains poorly explored with regards to concussion. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to evaluate the incidence of depressive symptoms and depression after sports-related concussion. We also endeavored to identify the response elements regarding the pathophysiology of these symptoms. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed and Embase was conducted focusing on papers published until 1st December, 2016, according to PRISMA criteria The following MESH terms were used: (concussion or traumatic brain injury) and sport and (depression or depressive disorder)...
September 14, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917115/comparisons-of-depression-anxiety-well-being-and-perceptions-of-the-built-environment-amongst-adults-seeking-social-intermediate-and-market-rent-accommodation-in-the-former-london-olympic-athletes-village
#13
Bina Ram, Aparna Shankar, Claire M Nightingale, Billie Giles-Corti, Anne Ellaway, Ashley R Cooper, Angie Page, Steven Cummins, Daniel Lewis, Peter H Whincup, Derek G Cook, Alicja R Rudnicka, Christopher G Owen
The Examining Neighbourhood Activities in Built Living Environments in London (ENABLE London) study provides a unique opportunity to examine differences in mental health and well-being amongst adults seeking social, intermediate (affordable rent), and market-rent housing in a purpose built neighbourhood (East Village, the former London 2012 Olympic Athletes' Village), specifically designed to encourage positive health behaviours. Multi-level logistic regression models examined baseline differences in levels of depression, anxiety and well-being across the housing groups...
September 13, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912725/enhanced-strength-and-sprint-levels-and-changes-in-blood-parameters-during-a-complete-athletics-season-in-800-m-high-level-athletes
#14
Beatriz Bachero-Mena, Fernando Pareja-Blanco, Juan J González-Badillo
The purpose of this study was to analyze changes in sprint, strength, hematological, and hormonal parameters in high-level 800 m athletes during a complete athletics season. Thirteen male athletes of national and international level in 800 m (personal best ranging from 1:43 to 1:58 min:ss) participated in this study. A total of 5 tests were conducted during a complete athletics season. Athletes performed sprint tests (20 and 200 m), countermovement jump (CMJ), jump squat (JS), and full squat (SQ) tests. Blood samples (red and white blood profile) and hormones were collected in test 1 (T1), test 3 (T3), and test 5 (T5)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911275/associations-between-retirement-reasons-chronic-pain-athletic-identity-and-depressive-symptoms-among-former-professional-footballers
#15
George Sanders, Clare Stevinson
BACKGROUND: Retirement from professional sport has been recognised as a major psychological stressor, and there is a need to identify factors that increase the risk of mental health problems after career termination. The current study examined associations between career-ending injury, chronic pain, athletic identity, and depressive symptomology in retired professional footballers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 307 retired male footballers who had played within a professional United Kingdom league...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895619/symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-in-professional-rugby-an-international-observational-descriptive-study
#16
Vincent Gouttebarge, Phil Hopley, Gino Kerkhoffs, Evert Verhagen, Wayne Viljoen, Paul Wylleman, Mike I Lambert
The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders among professional rugby players across countries. A cross-sectional analysis of the baseline questionnaires from an ongoing prospective cohort study was conducted. Nine national players' associations and three rugby unions distributed questionnaires based on validated scales for assessing symptoms of common mental disorders. Among the whole study sample (N=990; overall response rate of 28%), prevalence (4-week) of symptoms of common mental disorders ranged from 15% for adverse alcohol use to 30% for anxiety/depression...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872439/do-exercisers-with-musculoskeletal-injuries-report-symptoms-of-depression-and-stress
#17
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Claire Gudex, Kjeld Andersen, Anders Bo Bojesen, Uffe Jørgensen
CONTEXT: Sports injuries in athletes can lead to negative emotional responses in terms of anger, anxiety, confusion, and sadness. Severe injuries can be understood as a stressful life event with increased levels of psychological distress, but injury assessment and rehabilitation typically focuses on somatic symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of depression and emotional stress, and measure self-rated health in regular exercisers presenting to a sports medicine clinic with musculoskeletal injury...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870119/a-history-of-concussions-is-associated-with-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-in-former-male-professional-athletes-across-a-range-of-sports
#18
Vincent Gouttebarge, Haruhito Aoki, Michael Lambert, William Stewart, Gino Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: Recent reports suggest that exposure to repetitive concussions in sports is associated with an increased risk of symptoms of distress, anxiety and depression, sleep disturbance or substance abuse/dependence (typically referred as symptoms of common mental disorders[CMD]) and of later development of neurodegenerative disease, in particular chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). The primary aim of this study was to explore the relationship between sports career-related concussions and the subsequent occurrence of symptoms of CMD among former male professional athletes retired from football (soccer), ice hockey and rugby (union)...
September 13, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859004/effects-of-the-nurse-athlete-program-on-the-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-physical-health-and-mental-well-being-of-new-graduate-nurses
#19
David P Hrabe, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Jacalyn Buck, Loraine T Sinnott
Recognizing that transition from nursing student to point-of-care nurse can be a stressful time period in one's career. A pilot study at a large Midwestern medical center tested the preliminary effects of a health-oriented workshop, the Nurse Athlete, on new graduate nurses' healthy lifestyle beliefs, healthy lifestyle behaviors, depressive and anxiety symptoms, as well as health outcomes. The Nurse Athlete workshop, provided in partnership with Johnson & Johnson's Human Performance Institute (HPI), used materials from HPI's Corporate Athlete program...
October 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826314/a-prospective-cohort-study-on-symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-among-dutch-elite-athletes
#20
Vincent Gouttebarge, Ruud Jonkers, Maarten Moen, Evert Verhagen, Paul Wylleman, Gino Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: Scientific knowledge about symptoms of common mental disorders in elite sports is scarce. Consequently, the objectives of the study were to (i) establish the 12-month incidence of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMD; distress, anxiety/depression, sleep disturbance, adverse alcohol use, eating disorders) among Dutch elite athletes and (ii) explore their potential association with several stressors (being injured, recent life events, career dissatisfaction). METHODS: A prospective cohort study with a 12-month follow-up period was conducted...
August 28, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
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