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Type1 diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754350/beneficial-metabolic-effects-of-dietary-epigallocatechin-gallate-alone-and-in-combination-with-exendin-4-in-high-fat-diabetic-mice
#1
Nupur M Pathak, Paul J B Millar, Varun Pathak, Peter R Flatt, Victor A Gault
OBJECTIVE: Significant attempts are being made to generate multifunctional, hybrid or peptide combinations as novel therapeutic strategies for type 2 diabetes, however this presents key challenges including design and pharmaceutical development. In this study, we evaluated metabolic properties of oral nutritional supplement epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in combination with GLP-1 agonist exendin-4 in a mouse model of dietary-induced diabetes and obesity. METHODS: EGCG, exendin-4 or combination of both were administered twice-daily over 28 days to high fat (HF) mice on background of low-dose streptozotocin...
July 25, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428696/gamma-amino-butyric-acid-attenuates-brain-oxidative-damage-associated-with-insulin-alteration-in-streptozotocin-treated-rats
#2
N A Eltahawy, H N Saada, A S Hammad
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the role of γ-amino butyric acid (GABA) in insulin disturbance and hyperglycemia associated with brain oxidative damage in streptozotocin-treated rats. Streptozotocin (STZ) was administered to male albino rats as a single intraperitoneal dose (60 mg/kg body weight). GABA (200 mg/Kg body weight/day) was administered daily via gavages during 3 weeks to STZ-treated-rats. Male albino rats Sprague-Dawley (10 ± 2 weeks old; 120 ± 10 g body weight) were divided into 4 groups of 6 rats and treated in parallel...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391136/increasing-incidence-of-type-1-diabetes-between-1986-and-2015-in-bauru-brazil
#3
Carlos Antonio Negrato, José Roberto Pereira Lauris, Ieso Braz Saggioro, Maria Cristina Morato Corradini, Pricila Rubia Borges, Maria Cristina Crês, Aluysio Leal Junior, Maria Fatima Soares Guedes, Marilia Brito Gomes
AIMS: To assess temporal trends in the incidence of type 1 diabetes in Bauru, São Paulo State, Brazil from 1986 to 2015. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The yearly incidence of type 1 diabetes (per 100,000/yr) from 1986 to 2015 was determined in children ≤14yr of age, using individual case notification and the capture and recapture method. RESULTS: During thirty years (1986-2015), 302 cases were diagnosed in our population. The overall incidence was of 12...
May 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324986/electrocardiographic-waveforms-fitness-check-device-technique-for-sudden-cardiac-death-risk-screening
#4
O J Escalona, M Mendoza
A novel cardiac health device technique development for reliable, non-invasive and cost-effective heart screening in preventive cardiovascular healthcare is presented. In particular, identification of apparently healthy individuals involved in sports activities (particularly in the young, age <; 35 years) who may be at-risk of sudden-cardiac-death (SCD) is mainly focused here. Nevertheless, the same device technique may be prospectively extended for detecting cardiovascular abnormalities in children and adolescents with type1-diabetes, and also in detecting patients with Brugada syndrome...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227258/electrocardiographic-waveforms-fitness-check-device-technique-for-sudden-cardiac-death-risk-screening
#5
O J Escalona, M Mendoza, O J Escalona, M Mendoza, O J Escalona, M Mendoza
A novel cardiac health device technique development for reliable, non-invasive and cost-effective heart screening in preventive cardiovascular healthcare is presented. In particular, identification of apparently healthy individuals involved in sports activities (particularly in the young, age <; 35 years) who may be at-risk of sudden-cardiac-death (SCD) is mainly focused here. Nevertheless, the same device technique may be prospectively extended for detecting cardiovascular abnormalities in children and adolescents with type1-diabetes, and also in detecting patients with Brugada syndrome...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072841/a-small-insulinomimetic-molecule-also-improves-insulin-sensitivity-in-diabetic-mice
#6
Sandip Mukherjee, Mrittika Chattopadhyay, Sushmita Bhattacharya, Suman Dasgupta, Sahid Hussain, Saitanya K Bharadwaj, Dhrubajyoti Talukdar, Abul Usmani, Bhola S Pradhan, Subeer S Majumdar, Pronobesh Chattopadhyay, Satinath Mukhopadhyay, Tushar K Maity, Mihir K Chaudhuri, Samir Bhattacharya
Dramatic increase of diabetes over the globe is in tandem with the increase in insulin requirement. This is because destruction and dysfunction of pancreatic β-cells are of common occurrence in both Type1 diabetes and Type2 diabetes, and insulin injection becomes a compulsion. Because of several problems associated with insulin injection, orally active insulin mimetic compounds would be ideal substitute. Here we report a small molecule, a peroxyvanadate compound i.e. DmpzH[VO(O2)2(dmpz)], henceforth referred as dmp, which specifically binds to insulin receptor with considerable affinity (KD-1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034690/impact-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-on-thyroid-function-tests-in-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#7
Homeira Rashidi, Seyed Bahman Ghaderian, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Forogh Hoseini
The aim of current study was to evaluate the function of thyroid during diabetic acidosis, just after the treatment and two weeks after the treatment. This was the analytic study. The study subjects included 20 patients, aged 18-36 years old, with type1 diabetes and diabetic ketoacidosis. All subjects were evaluated for thyroid function tests such as triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4), T3 resin uptake (T3RU), free T3 (FT3), free T4 (FT4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), before treatment. After completing DKA treatment and two weeks after discharge, the thyroid function tests were repeated on the subjects and the results were analyzed using paired T-test, ANOVA or repeated measure and Pearson correlation tests...
December 14, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973209/cost-effectiveness-of-insulin-degludec-treatment-in-patients-with-type1-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-systematic-review
#8
X Yue, H J Guan, J Wu, X Bai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855634/identification-of-novel-targets-of-diabetic-nephropathy-and-pedf-peptide-treatment-using-rna-seq
#9
Ana Rubin, Anna C Salzberg, Yuka Imamura, Anzor Grivitishvilli, Joyce Tombran-Tink
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a major complication of type1 and type 2 diabetes. Understanding how diabetes regulate transcriptome dynamics in DN is important for understanding the biology of the disease and for guiding development of new treatments. RESULTS: We analyzed the kidney transcriptome of a DN mouse model, D2.B6-Ins2 (Akita) /MatbJ, before/after treatment with P78-PEDF. Age, weight, and gender-matched mice and wild-type (wt) littermates were treated at 6 weeks (early treatment) or 12 weeks (late treatment) of age for the duration of 6 weeks...
November 17, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855231/association-of-newly-diagnosed-type-1-diabetes-and-autoimmune-pancreatitis
#10
Laila Ennazk, Ghizlane El Mghari, Nawal El Ansari
Autoimmune pancreatitis is a new nosological entity in which a lymphocytic infiltration of the exocrine pancreas is involved. The concomitant onset of autoimmune pancreatitis and type 1 diabetes has been recently described suggesting a unique immune disturbance that compromises the pancreatic endocrine and exocrine functions. We report a case of type1 diabetes onset associated with an autoimmune pancreatitis in a young patient who seemed to present a type 2 autoimmune polyglandular syndrome. This rare association offers the opportunity to better understand pancreatic autoimmune disorders in type 1 diabetes...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826544/a-prospective-multi-country-observational-trial-to-compare-the-incidences-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-the-month-of-ramadan-the-preceding-month-and-the-following-month-dkar-international
#11
Elamin I E Abdelgadir, Mohamed M Hassanein, Alaaeldin M K Bashier, Sulaf Abdelaziz, Salwa Baki, Asma Chadli, Sara Askaoui, El Ansari Nawal, Ines S Slim, El Mghari Ghizlane, Khadija Hafidh, Fatheya Alawadi
BACKGROUND: 1.7 billion Muslims worldwide obey divine commands of fasting for a month. This may increase the probability of the acute complications of diabetes during the fasting period. DESIGN AND METHODS: We primarily aimed to compare the incidences and duration of Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) admissions during Ramadan compared to the month before (Shaaban) and the month after (Shawal) as well as the average pre-Ramadan six months' admissions. Our secondary objective was to assess the different incidence of DKA between Ramadan and the other months regarding precipitating factors, fasting practices in people admitted with DKA and gender differences...
2016: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765490/impact-of-diabetes-education-on-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-control-in-children
#12
Daniel E Alonso Martín, M Belén Roldán Martín, M Ángeles Álvarez Gómez, Rosa Yelmo Valverde, María Martín-Frías, Milagros Alonso Blanco, Raquel Barrio Castellanos
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes education is an essential tool to achieve treatment objectives in type1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The aim of this study was to determine if understanding of diabetes by caregivers/patients or sociodemographic factors affect blood glucose control in children and adolescents with T1DM. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The level of knowledge of 105 caregivers of children and adolescents with T1DM was assessed using a survey adapted to the type of treatment used (multiple dose insulin [MDI] or continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion [CSII])...
December 2016: Endocrinología y Nutrición: órgano de la Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729932/the-effects-of-dosage-and-the-routes-of-administrations-of-streptozotocin-and-alloxan-on-induction-rate-of-type1-diabetes-mellitus-and-mortality-rate-in-rats
#13
Ataroalsadat Mostafavinia, Abdodlah Amini, Seyed Kamran Ghorishi, Ramin Pouriran, Mohammad Bayat
The approach and novelty of this scientific work was to formulate the appropriate Streptozotocin (STZ) and Alloxan dosage in different routes of administration to imply minimum mortality rate and high incidence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in the rat experiment model. Rats were randomly divided into STZ, Alloxan and control groups. 1-Alloxan group was divided into two subgroups: intraperitoneal (ip) subgroups which received a single dose of, 140, 120, 100 and 80 mg/kg; and the subcutaneous (sc) subgroups which received a single dose of, 120, 110, 100, 90, and 80 mg/kg...
September 2016: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427135/translation-validation-and-effectiveness-of-self-care-inventory-in-assessing-adherence-to-diabetes-treatment
#14
Tuba Mumtaz, Samsaam Ali Haider, Jamil Ahmad Malik, Annette Marie La Greca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of an Urdu translation of Self Care Inventory for measuring adherence to diabetes treatment. METHODS: The correlational cross-sectional study was conducted in October and November, 2011, and data was collected from outpatient department of public-sector hospitals of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan. Patients included had diabetes type1 or type 2, while those with severe diabetic complications, including nephropathy, neuropathy, diabetic foot, and renal disease or any psychiatric comorbidity, were excluded...
July 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27381993/concise-review-markers-for-assessing-human-stem-cell-derived-implants-as-%C3%AE-cell-replacement-in-type-1-diabetes
#15
REVIEW
Daniel Pipeleers, Thomas Robert, Ines De Mesmaeker, Zhidong Ling
: A depleted β-cell mass causes diabetes complications that cannot be avoided by insulin administration. β-Cell replacement can stop their development when restoring insulin's homeostatic role. This requires a sufficient number and an adequate functional state of the β cells, together defined as "functional β-cell mass." Intraportal implants of human pancreatic islet cells correct hyperglycemia in patients with type 1 diabetes, but this effect is transient and often incomplete. Studies to improve outcome are hindered by shortage in donor pancreases...
October 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353561/the-role-of-osteopontin-in-the-pathogenesis-and-complications-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-children
#16
Mohamed A Talat, Laila Metwaly Sherief, Hosam Fathy El-Saadany, Anwar Ahmed Rass, Rabab M Saleh, Maha Mahmoud Hamed Sakr
OBJECTIVE: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is the most common chronic metabolic disorder of childhood and adolescence. Osteopontin plays a significant role in the development and progression of several autoimmune diseases. Moreover, osteopontin promotes adipose tissue inflammation, dysfunction, and insulin resistance. To investigate the levels of serum osteopontin in pediatric patients with T1DM and to explore if these levels have a role in the prediction of diabetes complications. METHODS: This was a case-control study conducted at the Endocrinology unit of the Children's Hospital of Zagazig University in Egypt, from October 2014 to December 2015...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27025794/metabolic-memory-phenomenon-in-diabetes-mellitus-achieving-and-perspectives
#17
REVIEW
Alexander Berezin
Diabetes mellitus (DM) exhibits raised prevalence worldwide. There is a large body of evidence regarding the incidence of DM closely associates with cardiovascular (CV) complications. In this context, hyperglycaemia, oxidant stress, and inflammation are key factors that contribute in CV events and disease in type1 and type 2 DM, even when metabolic control was optimal and/or intensive glycemic control was implemented. It has been suggested that the effect of poor metabolic control or even transient episodes of hyperglycemia in DM associates in particularly with worsening ability of endogenous vasoreparative systems that are mediated epigenetic changes in several cells (progenitor cells, stem cells, mononuclears, immune cells), and thereby lead to so called "vascular glycemic memory" or "metabolic memory"...
April 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26870116/clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis-at-the-intensive-care-unit-of-a-university-hospital
#18
Faiza Qari
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were assessing the frequency of clinical characteristics of patients with severe Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) who were admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) and investigating the relationship between paraclinical (glucose, anion gap, and serum bicarbonate) and clinical parameters in patients with severe DKA. METHOD: A retrospective chart review of all adult patients with DKA who were admitted to the ICU at King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia between January 2012 and December 2013...
November 2015: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26854796/serological-screening-for-celiac-disease-in-a-northern-italian-child-and-adolescent-population-after-the-onset-of-type-1-diabetes-a-retrospective-longitudinal-study-of-a-7-year-period
#19
Marina Bianchi, Massimo Cartabia, Antonio Clavenna, Ida Fortino, Angela Bortolotti, Luca Merlino, Maurizio Bonati
AIM: To evaluate the temporal trend and extent of screening for celiac disease in an Italian pediatric population of incident type 1 diabetes in the period 2006-2011, providing information on adherence to guidelines in primary care. METHODS: Using the Lombardy region's administrative database, 1-17-year-old children and adolescents diagnosed with type 1 diabetes during the 2006-2011 period were identified. Among these patients, the number screened for celiac disease was calculated on the basis of specific antibodies...
June 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26616842/periodontal-microorganisms-and-cardiovascular-risk-markers-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-and-without-diabetes
#20
Anwar T Merchant, Georges J Nahhas, R Paul Wadwa, Jiajia Zhang, Yifan Tang, Lonnie R Johnson, David M Maahs, Franziska Bishop, Ricardo Teles, Elaine H Morrato
BACKGROUND: A subset of periodontal microorganisms has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is the leading complication of type 1 diabetes (t1DM). The authors therefore evaluated the association between periodontal microorganism groups and early markers of CVD in youth with t1DM. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted among youth aged 12 to 19 years at enrollment; 105 had t1DM for ≥5 years and were seeking care at the Barbara Davis Center, University of Colorado, from 2009 to 2011, and 71 did not have diabetes...
April 2016: Journal of Periodontology
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