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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813086/translation-and-validation-of-the-life-satisfaction-index-for-adolescents-scale-with-neuromuscular-disorders-lsi-a-brazil
#1
Valdecir Antonio Simon, Edmar Zanoteli, Margarete Andreozzi Vaz Pereira Simon, Maria Bernadete Dutra de Resende, Umbertina Conti Reed
Objective: To validate the Life Satisfaction Index for Adolescents (LSI-A) scale, parent version and patient version, for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD). Methods: The parent version of the instrument was divided into Groups A, B, C and D; and the patient version, divided into B, C and D. For the statistical calculation, the following tests were used: Cronbach's α, ICC, Pearson and the ROC Curve...
August 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813082/middle-cerebral-artery-aneurysms-aneurysm-angiographic-morphology-and-its-relation-to-pre-operative-and-intra-operative-rupture
#2
Iracema Araújo Estevão, Bruno Camporeze, Antonio Santos de Araujo, Breno Nery, Ápio Claudio Martins Antunes, Timothy R Smith, Paulo Henrique Pires de Aguiar
Objective: Correlate the middle cerebral artery bifurcation aneurysm morphology with the pre-operative and intra-operative risk of rupture. Methods: Forty patients with 46 middle cerebral artery bifurcation aneurysms were treated microsurgically by the same surgeon. Aneurysms were classified according to shape and the Fisher test was applied to analyze the effect of morphology on the pre-operative and intra-operative rupture. Results: Pre-operative and intra-operative ruptures were observed in 8/46 patients (17...
August 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813075/violence-in-schools-and-the-voice-of-teachers
#3
Rodrigo Dornelas, Thaynara Alves Dos Santos, Daniela Sena de Oliveira, Roxane de Alencar Irineu, Aline Brito, Kelly Silva
Purpose: To correlate self-reporting of voice disorders with habits that impact voice production and situations of violence experienced by teachers. Methods: The study involved 41 elementary-school teachers of rural and urban areas. Two instruments were used for data collection: The Vocal Production Condition - Teacher (CPV-P) questionnaire and the Screening Index for Voice Disorders - ITDV. The chi-square test was used to verify association among variables with a significance level of 5%...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813074/oral-narrative-of-individuals-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder
#4
Giulia Ganthous, Natalia Freitas Rossi, Célia Maria Giacheti
Purpose: To investigate and compare the oral narrative of individuals with FASD and individuals with typical language development (TLD), as well as to correlate the narrative performance with the score from 4-Digit Diagnostic Code. Methods: Participants were 20 individuals with FASD, of both genders, with chronological age between 6 and 16 years, and 20 individuals with TLD, same gender and similar to the FASD group in age and socioeconomic status. The oral narrative was elicited using the book Frog, where are you? and the data were analyzed in terms of macrostructure, microstructure and global coherence level...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813073/functional-health-literacy-and-quality-of-life-of-high-school-adolescents-in-state-schools-in-belo-horizonte
#5
Poliana Cristina Rocha, Dálian Cristina Rocha, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose: To investigate the association between functional health literacy and sociodemographic factors, quality of life, self-perception of health, and perception of contexts of violence in adolescents in state schools in Belo Horizonte. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analytical observational study with a probabilistic sample of 384 adolescents between 15 and 19 years old. Data collection was carried out in schools and included self-reporting questionnaires to assess the functional health literacy, socioeconomic classification, self-perceived health, and quality of life...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813072/stage-of-readiness-of-patients-with-behavioral-dysphonia-in-pre-and-post-group-voice-therapy-assessments
#6
Bianca Oliveira Ismael da Costa, Priscila Oliveira Costa Silva, Renata Serrano de Andrade Pinheiro, Hêmmylly Farias da Silva, Anna Alice Figueirêdo de Almeida
Purpose: To verify the efficacy of group voice therapy in the stage of readiness and identify which items of the URICA-Voice range are more sensitive to post-therapy change in patients with behavioral dysphonia. Methods: An intervention study was conducted on 49 patients with behavioral dysphonia. An eclectic approach to group therapy was implemented over eight sessions, the first and last sessions consisting of assessments. The URICA-Voice range was used to evaluate the stage of readiness at pre- and post-therapy assessments...
August 10, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813068/cultural-adaptation-of-the-short-self-regulation-questionnaire-suggestions-for-the-speech-area
#7
Anna Alice Almeida, Mara Behlau
Purpose: To present the translated and linguistic and culturally adapted version of the Short self-regulation Questionnaire (SSRQ) for the Brazilian Portuguese and to check its applicability to patients with dysphonia. Methods: The SSRQ is a tool used to evaluate the ability to self-regulate behavior; it has 31 items and generates three scores: total index of individual self-regulation capacity and partial scores for goal setting and impulse control. Each item should be scored by means of a Likert-type 5-point scale; the total score ranges from 29 to 145 points...
August 14, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812935/motivations-for-learning-of-family-medicine-residents-trained-in-competency-based-education
#8
Oksana Babenko, Olga Szafran, Sudha Koppula, Lillian Au
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Family physicians regularly encounter clinical uncertainty and ambiguity and thus, are expected to engage in on-going learning to respond to changing needs of family practice. Using Achievement Goal Theory, the objective of this study was to examine motivations for learning of family medicine residents in a competency-based program. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study, employing a survey methodology with family medicine residents at the mid-point of training at a Canadian university...
August 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812917/predictive-role-of-cha2ds2-vasc-score-for-cardiovascular-events-and-death-in-patients-with-arterial-hypertension-and-stable-sinus-rhythm
#9
Carmine Mazzone, Giovanni Cioffi, Cosimo Carriere, Giulia Barbati, Giorgio Faganello, Giulia Russo, Antonella Cherubini, Gianfranco Sinagra, Nadia Zeriali, Andrea Di Lenarda
Background The CHA2DS2-VASc score well stratifies the risk for thromboembolic events in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients. This score may also predict thromboembolic events in sinus rhythm populations. Purpose The purpose of this study was to assess the prognostic role of CHA2DS2-VASc in a Caucasian community population of patients with arterial hypertension and sinus rhythm. Methods A total of 12,599 arterial hypertension residents not receiving anticoagulation were selected from a community population in Trieste between November 2009 and October 2014: 11,159 sinus rhythm and 1440 NVAF patients...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812814/a-comparison-of-iran-and-uk-eq-5d-3l-value-sets-based-on-visual-analogue-scale
#10
Aliasghar A Kiadaliri
BACKGROUND: Preference weights for EQ-5D-3L based on visual analogue scale (VAS) has recently been developed in Iran. The aim of the current study was to compare performance of this value set against the UK VAS-based value set. METHODS: The mean scores for all possible 243 health states were compared using Student t test. Absolute agreement and consistency were investigated using concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) and Bland-Altman plot. Health gains for 29 403 possible transitions between pairs of EQ-5D-3L health states were compared...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812802/diplomacy-and-health-the-end-of-the-utilitarian-era
#11
Sebastian Kevany, Marcus Matthews
Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA), as a system of allocative efficiency for global health programs, is an influential criterion for resource allocation in the context of diplomacy and inherent foreign policy decisions therein. This is because such programs have diplomatic benefits and costs that can be uploaded from the recipient and affect the broader foreign policy interests of the donor and the diplomacy landscape between both parties. These diplomatic implications are vital to the long-term success of both the immediate program and any subsequent programs; hence it is important to articulate them alongside program performance, in terms of how well their interrelated interventions were perceived by the communities served...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812537/leveraging-network-analytics-to-infer-patient-syndrome-and-identify-causal-genes-in-rare-disease-cases
#12
Andreas Krämer, Sohela Shah, Robert Anthony Rebres, Susan Tang, Daniel Rene Richards
BACKGROUND: Next-generation sequencing is widely used to identify disease-causing variants in patients with rare genetic disorders. Identifying those variants from whole-genome or exome data can be both scientifically challenging and time consuming. A significant amount of time is spent on variant annotation, and interpretation. Fully or partly automated solutions are therefore needed to streamline and scale this process. RESULTS: We describe Phenotype Driven Ranking (PDR), an algorithm integrated into Ingenuity Variant Analysis, that uses observed patient phenotypes to prioritize diseases and genes in order to expedite causal-variant discovery...
August 11, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812529/approaches-to-evaluate-lung-inflammation-in-translational-research
#13
David K Meyerholz, Jessica C Sieren, Amanda P Beck, Heather A Flaherty
Inflammation is a common feature in several types of lung disease and is a frequent end point to validate lung disease models, evaluate genetic or environmental impact on disease severity, or test the efficacy of new therapies. Questions relevant to a study should be defined during experimental design and techniques selected to specifically address these scientific queries. In this review, the authors focus primarily on the breadth of techniques to evaluate lung inflammation that have both clinical and preclinical applications...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812453/ergonomic-evaluation-of-a-new-truck-seat-design-a-field-study
#14
Michelle Cardoso, Fred Fulton, Colin McKinnon, Jack P Callaghan, Michel J Johnson, Wayne J Albert
A postural evaluation of commercial licensed truck drivers was conducted to determine the ergonomic benefits of a truck seat prototype in comparison to an Industry standard seat. Twenty commercially licensed truck drivers were recruited to perform a 90-min driving task. Postures were assessed using accelerometers and a backrest and seat pan pressure mapping system. Subjective discomfort measurements were monitored using two questionnaires: ratings of perceived discomfort (RPD) and the automotive seating discomfort questionnaire (ASDQ)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812435/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-compared-with-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-in-patients-with-anaemia
#15
Paola D'Errigo, Fausto Biancari, Stefano Rosato, Corrado Tamburino, Marco Ranucci, Gennaro Santoro, Marco Barbanti, Martina Ventura, Danilo Fusco, Fulvia Seccareccia
OBJECTIVES: We compared the outcome of anaemic patients undergoing transcatheter (TAVI) and surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) for severe aortic valve stenosis. METHODS: Anaemic patients (haemoglobin <13.0 g/dL in men and <12.0 g/dL in women) undergoing TAVI and SAVR from the OBSERVANT study were the subjects of this analysis. RESULTS: Preoperative anaemia was an independent predictor of 3-year mortality after either TAVI (HR 1...
August 16, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812432/addressing-compassion-fatigue-and-stress-of-special-education-teachers-and-professional-staff-using-mindfulness-and-prayer
#16
Lori M Sharp Donahoo, Beverly Siegrist, Dawn Garrett-Wright
Alternative therapies are promising nursing interventions for improvement of compassion fatigue in educators working in special education. A convenience sample of 27 teachers and professional staff working in special education participated in a quasi-experimental pilot study and completed a pre/posttest of demographic questions, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) (10-item) and Professional Quality of Life (ProQOL). All attended a presentation on stress, compassion satisfaction (CS), mindfulness, prayer, and social support...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812431/oral-administration-of-curcumin-attenuates-visceral-hyperalgesia-through-inhibiting-phosphorylation-of-trpv1-in-rat-model-of-ulcerative-colitis
#17
Mei Yang, Juan Wang, Chunxue Yang, Hongxiu Han, Weifang Rong, Guohua Zhang
Background Curcumin has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects. The present study was designed to explore the potential therapeutic effects of curcumin on visceral hyperalgesia and inflammation in a rat model of ulcerative colitis. We observed the effects of orally administered curcumin on the disease activity index, histological change in colon, colorectal distension-induced abdominal withdrawal reflex, the expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and phosphorylated TRPV1 in dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis rats...
January 2017: Molecular Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812415/quality-of-life-after-orbito-facial-trauma
#18
Gitanjali Sharma, Apjit Kaur
In the wake of high incidence of orbito-facial trauma, there has been a growing need to assess not only the visual outcome, but also the psychological impact of the traumatic event. This is a single questionnaire based evaluation of 100 consecutive patients with orbito-facial trauma (blow-out and Le fort type II and III fractures) at six months of trauma. 84% of the patients had a NEI VFQ- 25 score of less than 50, with 49% having a score less than 25, reflecting the grim impact the trauma has on the quality of life...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812410/good-outcome-scores-and-high-satisfaction-rate-after-primary-total-ankle-replacement
#19
Ilka Kamrad, Åke Carlsson, Anders Henricson, Håkan Magnusson, Magnus K Karlsson, Björn E Rosengren
Background and purpose - Total ankle replacement (TAR) is gaining popularity for treatment of end-stage ankle arthritis. Large patient-centered outcome studies are, however, few. Here, we report data from the Swedish Ankle Registry. Patients and methods - We examined outcomes after primary TAR in patients from the Swedish Ankle Registry using PROMs (Patient Reported Outcome Measures; generic: EQ-5D and SF-36, region specific: SEFAS (Self-Reported Foot and Ankle Score), and a question on satisfaction). We included 241 patients registered with primary TAR between 2008 and 2016 and who completed PROMs preoperatively and postoperatively up to 24 months...
August 16, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812405/simple-screening-tools-predict-death-and-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-rheumatic-disease
#20
M Breunig, S Kleinert, S Lehmann, C Kneitz, M Feuchtenberger, H-P Tony, C E Angermann, G Ertl, S Störk
OBJECTIVES: Patients with rheumatic disease (RD) have an increased mortality risk compared with the general population, mainly due to cardiovascular disease (CVD). We aimed to identify patients at high risk of CVD and mortality by comparing three screening tools suitable for clinical practice. METHOD: In this prospective, single-centre study, consecutive patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic autoimmune disease (SAI), or spondyloarthritides (SpA) including psoriatic arthritis underwent a comprehensive cardiovascular risk assessment...
August 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
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