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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909868/dental-age-estimation-in-the-living-after-completion-of-third-molar-mineralization-new-data-for-gustafson-s-criteria
#1
M Timme, W H Timme, A Olze, C Ottow, S Ribbecke, H Pfeiffer, R Dettmeyer, A Schmeling
There is a need for dental age estimation methods after completion of the third molar mineralization. Degenerative dental characteristics appear to be suitable for forensic age diagnostics beyond the 18th year of life. In 2012, Olze et al. investigated the criteria studied by Gustafson using orthopantomograms. The objective of this study was to prove the applicability and reliability of this method with a large cohort and a wide age range, including older individuals. For this purpose, 2346 orthopantomograms of 1167 female and 1179 male Germans aged 15 to 70 years were reviewed...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905816/cementocyte-cell-death-occurs-in-rat-cellular-cementum-during-orthodontic-tooth-movement
#2
Humihiro Matsuzawa, Naoko Toriya, Yuya Nakao, Moe Konno-Nagasaka, Toshiya Arakawa, Miki Okayama, Itaru Mizoguchi
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the mechanism of root resorption during orthodontic treatment, we examined cementocyte cell death and root resorption in the cellular cementum on the pressure side during experimental tooth movement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using 8-week-old male Wistar rats, the right first molar was pushed mesiobuccally with a force of 40 g by a Ni-Ti alloy wire while the contralateral first molar was used as a control. Localization and number of cleaved caspase-3-positive and single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) - positive cells were evaluated using dual-label immunohistochemistry with anticleaved caspase-3 and anti-ssDNA antibodies...
December 1, 2016: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897460/current-evidence-on-the-socket-shield-technique-a-systematic-review
#3
Amit Srikant Gharpure, Neel B Bhatavadekar
The recently popularised socket shield technique involves intentional retention of a thin buccal section of the remnant root at the time of immediate implant placement to preserve the buccal crestal bone from resorption. The objective of this systematic review was to assess the literature available on the socket-shield technique and weigh its biological plausibility and long-term clinical prognosis. A Systematic Search was performed in PubMed-Medline, Embase, Web of Knowledge, Google Scholar and Cochrane Central for clinical/ animal studies up to May 2016 without restrictions of language, duration, and follow-up...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871286/maxillary-calcifying-epithelial-odontogenic-tumor-with-sinus-and-buccal-vestibule-extension-a-case-report-and-immunohistochemical-study
#4
Cristina Munteanu, Daniel Pirici, Alex Emilian Stepan, Adrian Camen, Claudiu Margaritescu
BACKGROUND: Calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT) is a rare benign neoplasia, locally aggressive, that tends to invade bone and adjacent soft tissues. This case report describes the thirteenth known case of CEOT with maxillary sinus extension and the second one that also involves the buccal vestibule mucosa with peculiar histopathological and immunohistochemical data. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report the case of a 45-year-old female with a CEOT diagnosed and treated at the Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Department, County Clinical Emergency Hospital of Craiova, Romania...
November 21, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860247/preservation-of-root-cementum-a-comparative-evaluation-of-power-driven-versus-hand-instruments
#5
E Bozbay, F Dominici, A Y Gokbuget, S Cintan, L Guida, M S Aydin, A Mariotti, A Pilloni
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of three distinct periodontal treatment methods in comparison with hand instrumentation on residual cementum of periodontal diseased teeth. Cementum can influence the activities of periodontal cells and may play an important regulatory role in periodontal treatment. The ideal method for periodontal therapy involves removal of biofilm, calculus and endotoxin while preserving root cementum. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight caries free, single-rooted teeth in patients diagnosed with severe chronic periodontitis were treated using four different methods prior to extraction...
November 16, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844417/systematically-optimized-ketoprofen-loaded-novel-proniosomal-formulation-for-periodontitis-in-vitro-characterization-and-in-vivo-pharmacodynamic-evaluation
#6
N K Yadav, Sanju Nanda, Gajanand Sharma, O P Katare
Various preclinical/clinical studies support the effectiveness of ketoprofen in periodontitis; however, the literature reveals that novel delivery systems have been less explored for the drug in periodontitis. The current investigation aims to explore the potential of a pro-vesicular approach-based proniosomal drug delivery of ketoprofen for its effectiveness and validation in experimental periodontal disease (EPD). Formulations were developed using I-optimal mixture design. Developed formulations were characterized for entrapment efficiency, vesicle size, and in vitro drug release...
November 14, 2016: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836805/cementum-structure-in-beluga-whale-teeth
#7
S R Stock, L A Finney, A Telser, E Maxey, S Vogt, J S Okasinski
: A large fraction of the volume of Beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) teeth consists of cementum, a mineralized tissue which grows throughout the life of the animal and to which the periodontal ligaments attach. Annular growth bands or growth layer groups (GLGs) form within Beluga cementum, and this study investigates GLG structure using x-ray fluorescence mapping and x-ray diffraction mapping with microbeams of synchrotron radiation. The Ca and Zn fluorescent intensities and carbonated hydroxyapatite (cAp) diffracted intensities rise and fall together and match the light-dark bands visible in transmitted light micrographs...
November 8, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821544/phosphate-and-vitamin-d-prevent-periodontitis-in-x-linked-hypophosphatemia
#8
M Biosse Duplan, B R Coyac, C Bardet, C Zadikian, A Rothenbuhler, P Kamenicky, K Briot, A Linglart, C Chaussain
X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH) is a rare genetic skeletal disease where increased phosphate wasting in the kidney leads to hypophosphatemia and prevents normal mineralization of bone and dentin. Here, we examined the periodontal status of 34 adults with XLH and separated them according to the treatment they received for hypophosphatemia. We observed that periodontitis frequency and severity were increased in adults with XLH and that the severity varied according to the hypophosphatemia treatment. Patients who benefited from an early and continuous vitamin D and phosphate supplementation during their childhood presented less periodontal attachment loss than patients with late or incomplete supplementation...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811065/cellular-and-molecular-pathways-leading-to-external-root-resorption
#9
REVIEW
A Iglesias-Linares, J K Hartsfield
External apical root resorption during orthodontic treatment implicates specific molecular pathways that orchestrate nonphysiologic cellular activation. To date, a substantial number of in vitro and in vivo molecular, genomic, and proteomic studies have supplied data that provide new insights into root resorption. Recent mechanisms and developments reviewed here include the role of the cellular component-specifically, the balance of CD68(+), iNOS(+) M1- and CD68(+), CD163(+) M2-like macrophages associated with root resorption and root surface repair processes linked to the expression of the M1-associated proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor, inducible nitric oxide synthase, the M1 activator interferon γ, the M2 activator interleukin 4, and M2-associated anti-inflammatory interleukin 10 and arginase I...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800194/concrescence-cone-beam-computed-tomography-imaging-perspective
#10
Ali Zakir Syed, LeelaSubhashini Choudary Alluri, Dhiraj Mallela, Troy Frazee
Concrescence is a form of twinning, formed by the confluence of cementum of two teeth at the root level. The diagnosis of concrescence has largely relied on the conventional 2D imaging. The 2D imaging has inherent limitations such as distortion and superimposition. Cone-Beam CT eliminates these limitations. The aim of this article was to describe a case of dental abnormality using Cone-Beam CT imaging modality. Volumetric data demonstrated confluence of left mandibular third molar with a paramolar, a supernumerary tooth...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797795/cemento-ossifying-fibroma-of-mandible-mimicking-complex-composite-odontome
#11
Hitesh Sudarshan Dewan, Sudarshan Kumar Dewan, Sumit Bahl, Parth Tushar Parekh
Cemento-ossifying fibroma (COF) is a fibro-osseous lesion or non-odontogenic tumour that affects craniofacial bones. These lesions are included in the spectrum of fibro-osseous lesions arising from periodontal ligament cells, which can deposit combination of cementum and bone surrounded by fibrous tissue. It clinically, macroscopically and radiologically resembles complex composite odontome and can be differentiated only on the basis of histopathology. They usually occur solitarily as a painless and expansile spherical or ovoid jawbone mass that may displace the roots of adjacent teeth...
October 19, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790732/root-coverage-using-porcine-collagen-matrix-with-fibroblast-growth-factor-2-a-pilot-study-in-dogs
#12
Jae Kook Cha, Yoo-Kyung Sun, Jung-Seok Lee, Seong-Ho Choi, Ui-Won Jung
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) in combination with porcine collagen matrix (CM) for coverage of gingival recession defects in dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In five male mongrel dogs, labial gingival recession defects were surgically created in the lower-third incisors bilaterally. The defects were randomly assigned to the CM/FGF-2 group (experimental) or the CM-only group (control). Standardised clinical photographs and silicone impressions were taken at 4 and 16 weeks of healing to calculate the remaining recession area...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783845/cementogenesis-and-osteogenesis-in-periodontal-tissue-regeneration-by-recombinant-human-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-3-a-pilot-study-in-papio-ursinus
#13
Ugo Ripamonti, Ruqayya Parak, Roland M Klar, Caroline Dickens, Therese Dix-Peek, Raquel Duarte
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate cementogenesis and alveolar bone induction during in vivo periodontal tissue regeneration upon implantation of hTGF-β3 in furcation defects of Papio ursinus and to evaluate the feasibility of gene expression studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Class II furcation defects (day 0) were prepared in mandibular first and second molars of three P. ursinus and on day 30 implanted with and without 75 μg hTGF-β3 in Matrigel(®) matrix...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777167/zanthoxylum-piperitum-reversed-alveolar-bone-loss-of-periodontitis-via-regulation-of-bone-remodeling-related-factors
#14
Mi Hye Kim, Hye Ji Lee, Jung-Chul Park, Jongki Hong, Woong Mo Yang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Zanthoxylum piperitum (ZP) has been used to prevent toothache in East Asia. AIM OF STUDY: In this study, we investigated the effects of ZP on periodontitis along with alveolar bone loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned into 4 groups; non-ligated (NOR), ligated and treated vehicle (CTR), ligated and treated 1mg/mL ZP (ZP1), and ligated and treated 100mg/mL ZP (ZP100)...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776885/understanding-external-cervical-resorption-in-vital-teeth
#15
Athina M Mavridou, Esther Hauben, Martine Wevers, Evert Schepers, Lars Bergmans, Paul Lambrechts
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the 3-dimensional (3D) structure and the cellular and tissue characteristics of external cervical resorption (ECR) in vital teeth and to understand the phenomenon of ECR by combining histomorphological and radiographic findings. METHODS: Twenty-seven cases of vital permanent teeth displaying ECR were investigated. ECR diagnosis was based on clinical and radiographic examination with cone-beam computed tomographic imaging...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770435/a-scoping-review-of-root-canal-revascularization-relevant-aspects-for-clinical-success-and-tissue-formation
#16
REVIEW
M C M Conde, L A Chisini, R Sarkis-Onofre, H S Schuch, J E Nör, F F Demarco
The aim of this scoping study was to evaluate the survival rate and nature of tissue formed inside root canals of human immature permanent teeth with necrotic pulps (NIPT) under root canal revascularization (RCR). The search was performed in SciVerse Scopus®, PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science®, BIREME and in the grey literature up to November 2015. The keywords were selected using MeSH terms and DECs. Two independent reviewers scrutinized the records obtained considering specific inclusion criteria. The included studies were evaluated in accordance with a modified Arksey and O' Malley's framework...
October 22, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761672/histologic-tissue-response-to-furcation-perforation-repair-using-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-or-dental-pulp-stem-cells-loaded-onto-treated-dentin-matrix-or-tricalcium-phosphate
#17
H Bakhtiar, H Mirzaei, M R Bagheri, N Fani, F Mashhadiabbas, M Baghaban Eslaminejad, D Sharifi, M H Nekoofar, Pmh Dummer
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare the effect of treated dentine matrix (TDM) and tricalcium phosphate (TCP) scaffolds on odontogenic differentiation and mineralization of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) in furcation perforations created in the pulp chamber floor of premolar teeth in dogs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: DPSCs were isolated and cultured from the dental pulp of the maxillary left second and third premolars of dogs. The DPSCs were loaded on TCP (SC+TCP) and TDM (SC+TDM) scaffolds and inserted into intentionally perforated pulp chamber floors of premolars in dogs; six teeth were used for each group...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761392/periosteum-as-a-lateral-pedicle-graft-for-the-treatment-of-single-tooth-root-recession-a-novel-approach
#18
Avadhesh Kumar, Shalini Kaushal, Neelu Verma, Deepti Chandra
The treatment of gingival recession defects is indicated for esthetic and functional reasons to reduce root sensitivity, to remove muscle pull, to create or augment keratinized tissue, and to prevent disease progression. The presence of sufficient amount of periosteum adjacent to gingival recession defects makes it a suitable graft. The adult human periosteum is a highly vascular connective tissue with immense regenerative potential. It contains fibroblasts, osteogenic progenitor cells, and stem cells as a result of which it has the ability to differentiate into fibroblast, osteoblast, chondrocytes, adipocytes, and skeletal myocytes...
September 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757536/cementogenic-genes-in-human-periodontal-ligament-stem-cells-are-downregulated-in-response-to-osteogenic-stimulation-while-upregulated-by-vitamin-c-treatment
#19
Philippe Gauthier, Zongdong Yu, Quynh T Tran, Fazal-Ur-Rehman Bhatti, Xiaofei Zhu, George T-J Huang
Regeneration of periodontal tissues, particularly cementum, is key to regaining periodontal attachment and health. Human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) have been shown to be a good cell source to regenerate periodontal tissues. However, their subpopulations and the differentiation induction in relation to cementogenic lineages is unclear. Thus, we aim to examine the expression of cementum-associated genes in PDLSC subpopulations and determine the effect of broadly used osteogenic stimulus or vitamin C (VC) on the expression of cementogenic and osteogenic genes in PDLSCs...
October 18, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752176/-durability-of-protective-effect-of-resin-based-coating-material-on-root-surface
#20
H Y Tian, P Yu, C Y Yuan, W Zhang, Y X Qiu, D H Li, X J Liang, X Y Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the durability of resin-based root-surface coating material and all-in-one self-etching adhesive on root surface in vitro. METHODS: Human extracted premolars or molars with intact roots were selected. The cementum was removed using a periodontal scaler to expose root dentin. The root surface was coated with an acid-resistant nail varnish, leaving a window of 3 mm×3 mm on the exposed dentin.The window was covered with either PRG Barrier Coat (PRG) or Clearfil S3 Bond (CS3)...
October 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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