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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120400/fibrin-enhanced-canonical-wnt-signaling-directs-plasminogen-expression-in-cementoblasts
#1
Saeed Ur Rahman, Chan Ho Park, Jeong-Hwa Baek, Hyun-Mo Ryoo, Kyung Mi Woo
Cementum is a mineralized layer on the tooth's root surface and facilitates the biomechanical anchoring of fibrous connective tissues as a part of tooth-supportive complexes. Previously, we observed that OCCM30 cementoblasts cultured on fibrin matrices underwent apoptosis due to fibrin degradation through the expression of proteases. Here, we demonstrated that OCCM30 on fibrin matrices (OCCM30-fibrin) enhanced canonical Wnt signaling, which directed to plasminogen expression. The OCCM30-fibrin showed higher levels of Wnt3a expression, nuclear translocation of β-catenin, and T-cell factor (TCF) optimal motif (TOP) reporter activity than the cells on tissue culture dishes (OCCM30-TCD), indicating that the OCCM30-fibrin enhanced canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109319/histological-evaluation-of-the-effect-of-platelet-rich-plasma-on-pulp-regeneration-in-nonvital-open-apex-teeth-an-animal-study
#2
Jamileh Ghoddusi, Amir Maghsudlu, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Amirhossein Jafarian, Maryam Forghani
AIM: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP), which is a concentration of growth factors found in platelets, may be a suitable material for pulp regeneration. The aim of this animal study was a histological evaluation of PRP on pulp regeneration in nonvital teeth with immature apices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 premolar dogs' teeth were chosen for this study. After general anesthesia, the teeth were exposed, and subsequently, pulps were removed and the cavities were opened to the oral cavity...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098237/-comparative-evaluation-of-marginal-microleakage-of-three-different-resins-in-class-v-composite-restorations
#3
Zheng Zhu, Ya-Qin Zhu
PURPOSE: To compare and evaluate microleakage at the occlusal wall and cervical wall in Class V cavities restored with Ivoclar Tetric N Ceram Bulk Fill composite, Tetric N Flow composite and N Ceram nanocomposite. METHODS: Sixty-six extracted human maxillary premolars, which were intact and healthy, were randomly assigned into 3 groups (n=22). Standardized Class V cavities were prepared on the buccal surface of maxillary premolars. The occlusal walls of the cavities were located on the enamel and the cervical walls were located on dentin and cementum...
June 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093986/static-magnetic-fields-promote-osteoblastic-cementoblastic-differentiation-in-osteoblasts-cementoblasts-and-periodontal-ligament-cells
#4
Eun-Cheol Kim, Jaesuh Park, Il Keun Kwon, Suk-Won Lee, Su-Jung Park, Su-Jin Ahn
Purpose: Although static magnetic fields (SMFs) have been used in dental prostheses and osseointegrated implants, their biological effects on osteoblastic and cementoblastic differentiation in cells involved in periodontal regeneration remain unknown. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of SMFs (15 mT) on the osteoblastic and cementoblastic differentiation of human osteoblasts, periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs), and cementoblasts, and to explore the possible mechanisms underlying these effects...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089903/intravesicular-phosphatase-phospho1-function-in-enamel-mineralization-and-prism-formation
#5
Mirali Pandya, Lauren Rosene, Colin Farquharson, José L Millán, Thomas G H Diekwisch
The transport of mineral ions from the enamel organ-associated blood vessels to the developing enamel crystals involves complex cargo packaging and carriage mechanisms across several cell layers, including the ameloblast layer and the stratum intermedium. Previous studies have established PHOSPHO1 as a matrix vesicle membrane-associated phosphatase that interacts with matrix vesicles molecules phosphoethanolamine and phosphocholine to initiate apatite crystal formation inside of matrix vesicles in bone. In the present study, we sought to determine the function of Phospho1 during amelogenesis...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079935/periodontal-regeneration-induced-by-porous-alpha-tricalcium-phosphate-with-immobilized-basic-fibroblast-growth-factor-in-a-canine-model-of-2-wall-periodontal-defects
#6
Kazuya Matsuse, Yoshiya Hashimoto, Sachiro Kakinoki, Tetsuji Yamaoka, Shosuke Morita
We evaluated the effect of porous alpha-tricalcium phosphate (α-TCP) with immobilized basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on periodontal regeneration in a canine model of 2-wall periodontal defects. Identical bone defects were made in the canine mandible; six defects in each animal were filled with porous α-TCP with bFGF bound via heparin (bFGF group), and the remaining defects were filled with unmodified porous α-TCP (control group). Micro-computed tomography and histological evaluation were performed at 2, 4, and 8 weeks post-implantation...
October 27, 2017: Medical Molecular Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050020/root-surface-caries-rationale-behind-good-diagnostic-practice
#7
Ole Fejerskov, Bente Nyvad
Root surfaces, which with increasing age become exposed to dental biofilms, will react to the intermittent pH fluctuations at the interface between the biofilm and the cementum/dentin surface. If dental biofilm is left undisturbed in stagnation sites in the dentition, the underlying mineral surfaces may gradually develop dental caries characterized by a subsurface loss of mineral. In root surfaces, the demineralization is accompanied by microbial invasion of the cementum and dentin resulting in a pulpo-dentinal defense reaction...
2017: Monographs in Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050019/endogenous-enzymes-in-root-caries
#8
Tchilalo Boukpessi, Suzanne Menashi, Catherine Chaussain
Similar to coronal caries, root caries results from a disequilibrium of the de-remineralization balance in favor of the demineralization process. It mainly involves a bacterial shift in favor of an increase in the proportion of acidogenic and aciduric bacteria. This process permanently damages the dental mineralized tissues, namely the dental cementum and dentin. In addition to the demineralization and exposure of the dentin or the cementum organic matrix, acid production by cariogenic bacteria induces the activation of endogenous (host-derived) enzymes within the dentin and saliva...
2017: Monographs in Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050017/specificities-of-caries-on-root-surface
#9
Nailê Damé-Teixeira, Clarissa Cavalcanti Fatturi Parolo, Marisa Maltz
Variations in organic and inorganic composition and morphology may determine different susceptibilities of root surfaces to caries. Subsequent to gingival recession, root surfaces become exposed and those areas where Sharpey's fibers system was once inserted into the cementum are converted into canals for microbial penetration. In the presence of a cariogenic root biofilm, the fermentable carbohydrate from diet is converted into organic acid, and the root caries lesion is initiated in the exposed root site...
2017: Monographs in Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045803/chitosan-based-trilayer-scaffold-for-multitissue-periodontal-regeneration
#10
E M Varoni, S Vijayakumar, E Canciani, A Cochis, L De Nardo, G Lodi, L Rimondini, M Cerruti
Periodontal regeneration is still a challenge for periodontists and tissue engineers, as it requires the simultaneous restoration of different tissues-namely, cementum, gingiva, bone, and periodontal ligament (PDL). Here, we synthetized a chitosan (CH)-based trilayer porous scaffold to achieve periodontal regeneration driven by multitissue simultaneous healing. We produced 2 porous compartments for bone and gingiva regeneration by cross-linking with genipin either medium molecular weight (MMW) or low molecular weight (LMW) CH and freeze-drying the resulting scaffolds...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978578/management-of-extensive-external-apical-root-resorption-leading-to-root-perforation
#11
Robia Ghafoor, Sadia Tabassum, Muhammad Hasan Hameed
Resorption is both a physiological and pathological process which results in loss of hard tissues of the tooth, i.e , cementum and dentine and the surrounding bone. External resorption is much more common than internal resorption and can occur when tooth is luxated or avulsed. If remained unchecked, resorption can eventually lead to loss of the tooth. Timely management of the affected tooth can slow down the resorptive lesion and increase the prognosis of the survival of the tooth. This case report describes the surgical management of extensive external root resorption leading to perforation of apical one-third of the root area which was managed through root canal along with periapical surgery and bone grafting...
October 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977730/histomorphometric-analysis-of-the-healing-process-after-the-replantation-of-rat-teeth-maintained-in-bovine-milk-whey-and-whole-milk
#12
Ana Paula Simões Corrêa, Pedro Henrique Silva Gomes Ferreira, Sônia Regina Panzarini, Celso Koogi Sonoda, Eliana Aparecida Caliente, Wilson Roberto Poi
BACKGROUND/AIM: In cases of tooth avulsion, a minimal extra-alveolar dry storage period or the use of a suitable storage medium is crucial to maintaining the vitality of the periodontal ligament. Whey has similar properties to milk and has therefore been investigated as a storage medium for avulsed teeth. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the repair process after replantation of rat teeth kept in whey and whole milk. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-six male rats were divided into four groups of nine animals...
October 4, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965367/healing-of-2-wall-intrabony-defects-treated-with-a-novel-emd-liquid-a-preclinical-study-in-monkeys
#13
Yoshinori Shirakata, Richard J Miron, Yukiya Shinohara, Toshiaki Nakamura, Kotaro Sena, Naoto Horai, Dieter D Bosshardt, Kazuyuki Noguchi, Anton Sculean
AIM: To investigate the effect of a novel enamel matrix derivative formulation (EMD-liquid or Osteogain) combined with an absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) on periodontal wound healing in intrabony defects in monkeys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chronic 2-wall intrabony defects were created at the distal aspect of 8 teeth in 3 monkeys (Macaca fascicularis). The 24 defects were randomly assigned to one of the following treatments: (1) Open flap debridement (OFD) + ACS alone, (2) OFD + Emdogain + ACS (Emdogain/ACS), (3) OFD + Osteogain + ACS (Osteogain/ACS), or (4) OFD alone...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962729/relationship-between-root-resorption-and-individual-variation-in-the-calcium-phosphorous-ratio-of-cementum
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Eriko Yao-Umezawa, Masaru Yamaguchi, Mami Shimizu, Jun Kikuta, Kunihiro Suzuki, Kazutaka Kasai
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether individual variation in the hardness and chemical composition of the cementum in the root apex affects the degree of root resorption. METHODS: In a previous study, we evaluated the Vickers hardness scale of 50 extracted teeth. For this study, we classified the 50 extracted teeth into soft, moderate, and hard groups according to the Vickers hardness scale. Then, we randomly selected 7 teeth from each group and measured the resorbed areas of the apical cementum in vitro using human osteoclast precursor cells...
October 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902892/neanderthal-and-denisova-tooth-protein-variants-in-present-day-humans
#15
Clément Zanolli, Mathilde Hourset, Rémi Esclassan, Catherine Mollereau
Environment parameters, diet and genetic factors interact to shape tooth morphostructure. In the human lineage, archaic and modern hominins show differences in dental traits, including enamel thickness, but variability also exists among living populations. Several polymorphisms, in particular in the non-collagenous extracellular matrix proteins of the tooth hard tissues, like enamelin, are involved in dental structure variation and defects and may be associated with dental disorders or susceptibility to caries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901023/mosasaurs-and-snakes-have-a-periodontal-ligament-timing-and-extent-of-calcification-not-tissue-complexity-determines-tooth-attachment-mode-in%C3%A2-reptiles
#16
Aaron R H LeBlanc, Denis O Lamoureux, Michael W Caldwell
Squamates present a unique challenge to our understanding of dental evolution in amniotes because they are the only extant tooth-bearing group for which a ligamentous tooth attachment is considered to be absent. This has led to the assumption that mammals and crocodilians have convergently evolved a ligamentous tooth attachment, composed of root cementum, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone, whereas squamates are thought to possess a single bone of attachment tissue that fuses teeth to the jaws. The identity and homology of tooth attachment tissues between squamates, crocodilians, and mammals have thus been a focal point of debate for decades...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889456/harmine-promotes-periodontal-ligament-cell-induced-tissue-regeneration
#17
H-C Lim, B-Y Cha, S U Song, J-H Yun
OBJECTIVE: to investigate whether harmine has a promotive effect on human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs)-induced tissue regeneration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Various concentrations of harmine on hPDLCs proliferation were tested. Osteogenic and cementogenic characteristics were examined in hPDLC/rhBMP-2 and hPDLC/harmine by alizarin red S staining, real-time PCR, and Western blotting assay. The activity of harmine was investigated in an ectopic transplantation nude mouse model...
September 10, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866368/overlapping-functions-of-bone-sialoprotein-and-pyrophosphate-regulators-in-directing-cementogenesis
#18
M Ao, M B Chavez, E Y Chu, K C Hemstreet, Y Yin, M C Yadav, J L Millán, L W Fisher, H A Goldberg, M J Somerman, B L Foster
Although acellular cementum is essential for tooth attachment, factors directing its development and regeneration remain poorly understood. Inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi), a mineralization inhibitor, is a key regulator of cementum formation: tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (Alpl/TNAP) null mice (increased PPi) feature deficient cementum, while progressive ankylosis protein (Ank/ANK) null mice (decreased PPi) feature increased cementum. Bone sialoprotein (Bsp/BSP) and osteopontin (Spp1/OPN) are multifunctional extracellular matrix components of cementum proposed to have direct and indirect effects on cell activities and mineralization...
September 1, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861710/healing-of-root-and-surrounding-periodontium-after-root-damage-with-miniscrew-implants-a-histomorphologic-study-in-dogs
#19
Yingtao Lv, Zhaoqiang Zhang, Yuan Su, Peiyan Yuan, Weiqun Ma, Wenhua Huang, Pingping Xu
OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the detailed healing process of the roots and surrounding periodontium [cementum, periodontal ligament (PDL), and bone] at different time points after intentional root damage with miniscrew implants (MSIs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: After cone-beam computed tomography examination and measurement, a total of 78 premolar and molar roots from five beagle dogs were intentionally damaged by implanting miniscrews in the interradicular region...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853506/-measurements-of-mechanical-properties-and-morphology-of-root-canal-in-maxillary-primary-anterior-teeth
#20
Hu Jia, Liu He, Cai Qing, Deng Xuliang
Objective This study aimed to measure the taper and diameter of root canal, as well as the elastic modulus and hardness in the root dentin of maxillary primary anterior teeth. Methods Patients under general anesthesia who needed root canal therapy in the maxillary primary anterior teeth were selected. Silicone impression material was used to take impressions. The impressions were scanned, and the taper and diameter of root canal were measured. Maxillary primary anterior teeth were collected in vitro. The elastic modulus and hardness of root dentin was tested...
August 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
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