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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334868/pulmonary-metastasis-from-giant-cell-tumor-of-bone-clinical-outcome-prior-to-the-introduction-of-molecular-target-therapy
#1
Munehisa Kito, Seiichi Matusmoto, Keisuke Ae, Taisuke Tanizawa, Tabu Gokita, Hiroshi Kobayashi, Keiko Hayakawa, Yuki Funauchi
Objective: We analyzed the risk factors for pulmonary metastasis from giant cell tumor of bone and aimed to discuss their therapeutic strategy and appropriate follow-up period. Methods: We analyzed 141 patients of giant cell tumor of bone. The variables analyzed included age, gender, primary site, Campanacci grading, surgical treatment on the primary lesion, radiotherapy and local recurrence. Results: Pulmonary metastasis occurred in 12 patients...
March 4, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331824/volume-versus-diameter-assessment-of-small-pulmonary-nodules-in-ct-lung-cancer-screening
#2
REVIEW
Daiwei Han, Marjolein A Heuvelmans, Matthijs Oudkerk
Currently, lung cancer screening by low-dose chest CT is implemented in the United States for high-risk persons. A disadvantage of lung cancer screening is the large number of small-to-intermediate sized lung nodules, detected in around 50% of all participants, the large majority being benign. Accurate estimation of nodule size and growth is essential in the classification of lung nodules. Currently, manual diameter measurements are the standard for lung cancer screening programs and routine clinical care. However, European screening studies using semi-automated volume measurements have shown higher accuracy and reproducibility compared to diameter measurements...
February 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331822/risk-assessment-in-relation-to-the-detection-of-small-pulmonary-nodules
#3
REVIEW
John K Field, Michael W Marcus, Matthijs Oudkerk
The National Lung Cancer Screening trial (NLST) demonstrated that individuals assigned to the LDCT screening arm had a 20% lower mortality than those who were assigned to the conventional chest radiography. The NLST was thoroughly analyzed by the US Preventive Task Force on CT Screening and they recommended that lung cancer screening should be implemented. A number of other countries have also recommended implementation, whilst others are awaiting the outcome of the NELSON Trial. However, recommendations for the management of CT screen detected nodules have only recently had any clarity...
February 2017: Translational Lung Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331796/an-unexpected-finding-in-a-man-with-multiple-pulmonary-nodules-a-pleural-effusion-and-respiratory-failure
#4
Yik Lam Pang, Quentin Jones
We report the case of a 47-year old Caucasian man with a history of depression and high alcohol intake who presented with a one-month history of weight loss, dry cough and abdominal pain. He had no smoking history of note. The patient was treated for a suspected chest infection, however developed respiratory failure and was intubated. A CT showed multiple pulmonary nodules, left pleural thickening extending to the mediastinum and bilateral pleural effusions-larger on the left, suggestive of disseminated malignancy...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331122/an-autopsy-case-report-of-adult-t-cell-leukemia-accompanied-by-rheumatoid-arthritis-mimicking-diffuse-panbronchiolitis
#5
Tomoko Shiraishi, Hiroshi Ishimoto, Kentaro Akata, Toshinori Kawanami, Kazuhiro Yatera, Hiroshi Mukae
A 50-year-old female with a history of chronic sinusitis and rheumatoid arthritis visited our department with repetitive lower respiratory tract infections of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Her chest CT showed diffuse panbronchiolitis-like pulmonary lesions, her blood examination revealed atypical lymphocytes, and she was serologically positive for anti-human T-lymphotrophic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) antibody. Her rheumatoid arthritis had been well-controlled after biological agent treatment followed by anti-inflammatory analgesic treatment...
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331023/pulmonary-kaposi-sarcoma-presenting-as-complete-lung-consolidation
#6
Ahmad Alwassia, Ziyad Alshathri, Rahul Khosla, Samuel V Spagnolo
The patient in our case presented with progressive dyspnoea and cough. Chest radiograph reveals complete opacification of the hemithorax. Complete lung consolidation was not seen on chest CT. The patient in this case had extensive pulmonary and endobronchial Kaposi sarcoma (KS) that led to complete consolidation of the right lung that was diagnosed via bronchoscopy. After diagnosis, he was restarted on antiretroviral therapy and single-agent chemotherapy for treatment of pulmonary KS.
March 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329750/optoelectronic-plethysmography-in-clinical-practice-and-research-a-review
#7
Carlo Massaroni, Elena Carraro, Andrea Vianello, Sandra Miccinilli, Michelangelo Morrone, Irisz K Levai, Emiliano Schena, Paola Saccomandi, Silvia Sterzi, John W Dickinson, Samantha Winter, Sergio Silvestri
BACKGROUND: Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) is a non-invasive motion capture method to measure chest wall movements and estimate lung volumes. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the clinical findings and research applications of OEP in the assessment of breathing mechanics across populations of healthy and diseased individuals. METHODS: A bibliographic research was performed with the terms "opto-electronic plethysmography," "optoelectronic plethysmography," and "optoelectronic plethysmograph" in 50 digital library and bibliographic search databases resulting in the selection of 170 studies...
March 23, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329055/chylous-pericardial-effusion-after-pulmonary-lobectomy
#8
Weixiong Yang, Canqiao Luo, Zhenguo Liu, Chao Cheng
Chylous pericardial effusion is a rarely reported complication of lung cancer surgery. Here, we report a case of an elderly man who suffered chylous pericardial effusion after radical right upper lung resection for cancer. The massive chylous effusion first occurred in the pericardium, drained to the right chest after the drainage of the hydropericardium and subsequently moved back to the pericardium again. Lymphoscintigraphy examination indicated that a chylous fistula was present in the plane of the tracheal carina...
March 17, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327896/a-randomised-phase-iii-study-of-72%C3%A2-hour-infusional-versus-bolus-bleomycin-in-bep-bleomycin-etoposide-and-cisplatin-chemotherapy-to-treat-igcccg-good-prognosis-metastatic-germ-cell-tumours-te-3
#9
J Shamash, S-J Sarker, R Huddart, S Harland, J K Joffe, D Mazhar, A Birtle, J White, K Chowdhury, P Wilson, M R Marshall, S Vinnicombe
Background: Bleomycin is an integral part of combination chemotherapy in germ cell tumours. Pulmonary toxicity often necessitates drug cessation and death occurs in 1-2% of patients. A continuous infusion of bleomycin might reduce lung toxicity when compared to the conventional weekly boluses given as part of standard BEP chemotherapy. Patients and Methods: A phase 3 trial was conducted based on 212 men with IGCCCG good prognosis metastatic germ cell tumours with 1:1 randomisation...
February 21, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327204/lung-adenocarcinoma-with-thyroid-metastasis-a-case-report
#10
A Dao, H Jabir, A Taleb, N Benchakroun, Z Bouchbika, T Nezha, H Jouhadi, S Sahraoui, A Benider
BACKGROUND: The metastases of a primary lung cancer over the thyroid gland are extremely rare. We report on an unusual presentation of thyroid metastasis of lung cancer in order to improve the management of similar cases. CASE PRESENTATION: Three years ago, a Moroccan male 59-year-old was admitted for dyspnea, dry cough, and chest pain. He had smoked about 30 cigarette packs a year. Clinical examination revealed a right thyroid nodule. Chest and neck computed tomography (CT) scan showed a proximal left tumor in contact with the pulmonary artery and revealed a suspected nodule in the right lobe of the thyroid with homolateral neck node...
March 21, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326180/are-physicians-in-primary-health-care-able-to-recognize-pulmonary-fibrosis
#11
Minna Purokivi, Ulla Hodgson, Marjukka Myllärniemi, Eija-Riitta Salomaa, Riitta Kaarteenaho
Background: The early diagnosis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) has become increasingly important due to evolving treatment options. IPF patients experience a significant delay in receiving an accurate diagnosis, thus delayed access to tertiary care is associated with higher mortality independently from disease severity. Objective: The aims were to evaluate whether there had been a delay in the referral process, and to determine whether the referring doctors had suspected IPF or other interstitial lung disease (ILD) already during the time of referral...
2017: European Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325788/decompression-illness-with-hypovolemic-shock-and-neurological-failure-symptoms-after-two-risky-dives-a-case-report
#12
Sebastian Klapa, Johannes Meyne, Wataru Kähler, Frauke Tillmans, Henning Werr, Andreas Binder, Andreas Koch
Hypovolemia is known to be a predisposing factor of decompression illness (DCI) while diving. The typical clinically impressive neurological symptoms of DCI may distract from other symptoms such as an incipient hypovolemic shock. We report the case of a 61-year-old male Caucasian, who presented with an increasing central and peripheral neural failure syndrome and massive hypovolemia after two risky dives. Computed tomography (CT) scans of the chest and Magnetic resonance imaging scans of the head revealed multiple cerebral and pulmonary thromboembolisms...
March 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324989/non-contact-real-time-estimation-of-intrapulmonary-pressure-and-tidal-volume-for-chronic-heart-failure-patients
#13
Vinh Phuc Tran, Adel Ali Al-Jumaily
Long-term continuous patient monitoring is required in many health systems for monitoring and analytical diagnosing purposes. It has been recognized that these types of monitoring systems have shortcomings related to patient comfort and/or functionality. Non-contact monitoring systems have been developed to address some of these shortcomings. One of such systems is non-contact physiological vital signs assessments for Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) patients. This paper presents a novel pulmonary ventilation model that defines the relationship between the intrapulmonary pressure and the chest displacement...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324924/automatic-tissue-characterization-of-air-trapping-in-chest-radiographs-using-deep-neural-networks
#14
Awais Mansoor, Geovanny Perez, Gustavo Nino, Marius George Linguraru
Significant progress has been made in recent years for computer-aided diagnosis of abnormal pulmonary textures from computed tomography (CT) images. Similar initiatives in chest radiographs (CXR), the common modality for pulmonary diagnosis, are much less developed. CXR are fast, cost effective and low-radiation solution to diagnosis over CT. However, the subtlety of textures in CXR makes them hard to discern even by trained eye. We explore the performance of deep learning abnormal tissue characterization from CXR...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324617/rare-localized-extralobar-sequestration-with-congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-a-case-report
#15
Satoshi Nagasaka, Satsuki Kina, Yoshihito Arimoto, Fumi Yokote, Tsuyoshi Uchida, Hirochika Matsubara
Extralobar sequestrations constitute a rare form of congenital pulmonary airway malformations that are difficult to diagnose. Here, we report a rare case of a localized extralobar sequestration in the right superior portion of the mediastinum accompanied by congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation.A 19-year-old man presented with a right upper mediastinal mass that was detected using chest radiography, had a history of left spontaneous pneumothorax, and had undergone a bullectomy 4 years previously.The initial diagnosis included a mature teratoma and a bronchogenic cyst in the mediastinum; however, the presence of a cystic mass in the right upper lobe of the lung prompted further examination...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323731/thymic-carcinoma-with-endobronchial-metastasis-a-case-report
#16
Makoto Nagamata, Yusuke Okuma, Yukio Hosomi, Tsunekazu Hishima
Thymic carcinoma is a rare cancer, accounting for only 1% to 4% of thymic epithelial tumors. Endobronchial metastasis is a rare presentation of these tumors. A 64-year-old man presented with a cough. Lung cancer was suspected because a chest radiograph showed a 7-cm mass in the left pulmonary hilum. Computed tomography showed a mass in the anterior mediastinum and an infiltrate in the upper lobe of the left lung. Bronchoscopy demonstrated bilateral polypoid tumors in the left B bronchus and the right B bronchus...
April 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323673/clinical-pearls-of-maternal-critical-care-part-2-sickle-cell-disease-in-pregnancy
#17
Vinod Patil, Gamunu Ratnayake, Galina Fastovets
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current review outlines the challenges in managing pregnant women with sickle-cell anemia, who are at risk of becoming critically ill during pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: Sickle obstetric patients pose unique challenges to the anesthetist and intensivist. We discuss the role of prophylactic transfusions for specific indications like acute anemia and twin pregnancies. The management and prevention of vaso-occlusive crises and chest crisis are also outlined...
March 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321190/skeletal-dysplasias-growing-therapy-for-growing-bones
#18
REVIEW
Angie C Jelin, Elizabeth O'Hare, Karin Blakemore, Eric B Jelin, David Valle, Julie Hoover-Fong
Skeletal dysplasias represent a large and diverse group of rare conditions affecting collagen and bone. They can be clinically classified based on radiographic and physical features, and many can be further defined at a molecular level (Bonafe et al., 2015). Early diagnosis is critical to proper medical management including pharmacologic treatment when available. Patients with severe skeletal dysplasias often have small chests with respiratory insufficiency or airway obstruction and require immediate intubation after birth...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321110/primary-pulmonary-diffuse-large-b-cell-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Ziqiang Zhu, Wei Liu, Omar Mamlouk, James E O'Donnell, Debabrata Sen, Boris Avezbakiyev
BACKGROUND Primary pulmonary diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is extremely rare neoplasm representing only 0.5-1% of primary pulmonary malignancies. These patients usually have non-specific clinical presentation and radiological findings. Therefore, it is important to increase awareness of this rare disease, as the correct characterization of the tumors will have therapeutic and prognostic implications. CASE REPORT We present the case of a middle-aged Hispanic woman with chronic cough and an abnormal chest X-ray revealing a lung mass, who was found to have primary pulmonary DLBCL...
March 21, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318196/-paradoxical-reaction-to-antituberculosis-treatment-in-an-immunocompetent-girl-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#20
Ignacio Ruiz Del Olmo Izuzquiza, Claudia Orden Rueda, Laura Ochoa Gómez, Nuria Clavero Montañés, Enrique Berdún Chéliz, Carmelo Guerrero Laleona
Paradoxical reaction to antituberculosis treatment is rare in paediatric population. We report a 9-year-old girl with high fever and productive cough for the last three weeks. Tuberculine test and Quantiferon were positive, erythrocyte sedimentation rate was 64 mm/h, culture and polymerase chain reaction for M. tuberculosis negative, and chest X ray showed a widened right mediastinum. Tuberculosis was diagnosed, therefore treatment with standard doses of rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide and ethambutol was started...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
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