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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324862/taking-two-to-tango-fmri-analysis-of-improvised-joint-action-with-physical-contact
#1
Léa A S Chauvigné, Michel Belyk, Steven Brown
Many forms of joint action involve physical coupling between the participants, such as when moving a sofa together or dancing a tango. We report the results of a novel two-person functional MRI study in which trained couple dancers engaged in bimanual contact with an experimenter standing next to the bore of the magnet, and in which the two alternated between being the leader and the follower of joint improvised movements. Leading showed a general pattern of self-orientation, being associated with brain areas involved in motor planning, navigation, sequencing, action monitoring, and error correction...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276380/a-multicenter-controlled-study-for-dementia-prevention-through-physical-cognitive-and-social-activities-gestalt-kompakt
#2
Anna Streber, Karim Abu-Omar, Christian Hentschke, Alfred Rütten
Prevention of dementia is a public health priority. Physical activity (PA) can reduce the risk of dementia, but the majority of people remain sedentary. We conducted a multicenter controlled study with older adults (60+ years). We hypothesized that an evidence-based PA intervention - GEhen, Spielen und Tanzen Als Lebenslange Tätigkeiten - kompakt [walking, playing and dancing as lifelong activities-compact] (GESTALT-kompakt) - would lead to significantly larger improvements in PA levels (step counts/Fitbit Zip™), cognitive functions (DemTect) and social activities (Social Activity Log), compared to an active control group...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238298/enhancement-of-pleasure-during-spontaneous-dance
#3
Nicolò F Bernardi, Antoine Bellemare-Pepin, Isabelle Peretz
Dancing emphasizes the motor expression of emotional experiences. The bodily expression of emotions can modulate the subjective experience of emotions, as when adopting emotion-specific postures and faces. Thus, dancing potentially offers a ground for emotional coping through emotional enhancement and regulation. Here we investigated the emotional responses to music in individuals without any prior dance training while they either freely danced or refrained from movement. Participants were also tested while imitating their own dance movements but in the absence of music as a control condition...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237356/the-influence-of-injury-definition-on-injury-burden-in-pre-professional-ballet-and-contemporary-dancers
#4
Sarah J Kenny, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
Study Design Cohort study. Background Multiple operational definitions of injury exist in dance research. The influence that these different injury definitions have on epidemiological estimations of injury burden among dancers warrants investigation. Objective To describe the influence of injury definition on injury prevalence, incidence, and severity in pre-professional ballet and contemporary dancers. Methods Dancers registered in full-time pre-professional ballet [n=85, 77 females, median age 15-years (range 11-19)] and contemporary [n=60, 58 females, median age 19-years (range 17-30)] training completed weekly online questionnaires (modified Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre's Questionnaire on Health Problems) using three injury definitions: (1) time-loss (unable to complete ≥1 class/rehearsal/performance ≥1 day(s) beyond onset); (2) medical attention; (3) any complaint...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236712/automatic-detection-and-decoding-of-honey-bee-waggle-dances
#5
Fernando Wario, Benjamin Wild, Raúl Rojas, Tim Landgraf
The waggle dance is one of the most popular examples of animal communication. Forager bees direct their nestmates to profitable resources via a complex motor display. Essentially, the dance encodes the polar coordinates to the resource in the field. Unemployed foragers follow the dancer's movements and then search for the advertised spots in the field. Throughout the last decades, biologists have employed different techniques to measure key characteristics of the waggle dance and decode the information it conveys...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230170/the-dancing-brain-structural-and-functional-signatures-of-expert-dance-training
#6
Agnieszka Z Burzynska, Karolina Finc, Brittany K Taylor, Anya M Knecht, Arthur F Kramer
Dance - as a ritual, therapy, and leisure activity - has been known for thousands of years. Today, dance is increasingly used as therapy for cognitive and neurological disorders such as dementia and Parkinson's disease. Surprisingly, the effects of dance training on the healthy young brain are not well understood despite the necessity of such information for planning successful clinical interventions. Therefore, this study examined actively performing, expert-level trained college students as a model of long-term exposure to dance training...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218770/korean-adults-have-lower-physical-function-despite-longer-exercise-times-compared-with-their-japanese-counterparts-a-japan-korea-comparative-study
#7
Songee Jung, Yoshiro Okubo, Yosuke Osuka, Satoshi Seino, Joonsung Park, Hosung Nho, Kiyoji Tanaka
AIM: We aimed to compare the level of physical function (PF) and habitual exercise between older Japanese and Korean adults. METHODS: A comparative study was carried out on 1069 community-dwelling older Japanese and Korean adults (mean age 73.9 ± 5.2 years). The participants were asked to complete a self-reported questionnaire regarding habitual exercise and covariates. PF age, a composite measure of PF, was derived from the 12 items, using principal component analysis...
December 7, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209188/age-related-decline-of-wrist-position-sense-and-its-relationship-to-specific-physical-training
#8
Ann Van de Winckel, Yu-Ting Tseng, Daniel Chantigian, Kaitlyn Lorant, Zinat Zarandi, Jeffrey Buchanan, Thomas A Zeffiro, Mia Larson, Becky Olson-Kellogg, Jürgen Konczak, Manda L Keller-Ross
Perception of limb and body positions is known as proprioception. Sensory feedback, especially from proprioceptive receptors, is essential for motor control. Aging is associated with a decline in position sense at proximal joints, but there is inconclusive evidence of distal joints being equally affected by aging. In addition, there is initial evidence that physical activity attenuates age-related decline in proprioception. Our objectives were, first, to establish wrist proprioceptive acuity in a large group of seniors and compare their perception to young adults, and second, to determine if specific types of training or regular physical activity are associated with preserved wrist proprioception...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189992/effects-of-exergaming-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-adipokine-levels-in-women
#9
Maria Guadalupe Soares Amorim, Maurício Dias de Oliveira, Daiane Santos Soares, Leandro da Silva Borges, Alexandre Dermargos, Elaine Hatanaka
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of exergaming on the cardiovascular risk factors and adipokine levels of women engaged in the music video game Just Dance using the Xbox 360 Kinect console. Triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, FFA, CRP, TNF-α, Il-1β, IL-6, leptin, and resistin were measured in sedentary women before and 1 month after the practice of exergaming. We also evaluated anthropometric parameters. Our results indicate that total serum cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL were reduced by 64, 29, and 12%, respectively...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179887/biomechanical-analysis-of-dance-for-parkinson-s-disease-a-paradoxical-case-study-of-balance-and-gait-effects
#10
Kristen L Sowalsky, Jill Sonke, Lori J P Altmann, Leonardo Almeida, Chris J Hass
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to measure the effects of a dance training program on subjective and objective balance and gait measures in a person with Parkinson's disease. DESIGN AND SETTING: The participant was measured via clinical scales and biomechanical balance and gait analyses pre- and post-16 weeks of dance participation at the University Center for Arts in Medicine. The dance program consisted of 75 minute sessions three days a week. RESULTS: Improved clinical scales included the Schwab and England scale (+10%), falls efficacy scale (-11 points), six-minute walk (+15...
November 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166986/a-retrospective-assessment-of-return-to-function-in-dance-after-physical-therapy-for-common-dance-injuries
#11
Emily Junck, Megan Richardson, Faye Dilgen, Marijeanne Liederbach
An injury that causes a dancer to take time away from training or performance can be career ending, and thus it is important for dancers to have accurate expectations when considering treatment options. Thus far, few studies have reported functional outcomes after injury in dancers, which may be different than for the general athletic population. Therefore, our study sought to determine functional outcomes in dancers after operative and non-operative treatment for common dance injuries. Our outcome measures included a subjective assessment of the degree to which a dancer had returned to his or her previous level of dance, the SF-12 survey, and the WHO functional outcome scale modified for dance...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166984/a-comparison-of-musculo-articular-stiffness-and-maximal-isometric-plantar-flexion-and-knee-extension-force-in-dancers-and-untrained-individuals
#12
Paige E Rice, Herman van Werkhoven, Denzel J Dejournette, Reed D Gurchiek, John W Mackall, Jeffrey M McBride
Dance involves a high volume of aesthetic, stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) actions, which may cause unique adaptations to performance. The strength dancers possess to withstand such frequency of SSCs remains elusive. The extensive training that dancers experience from a young age, however, yields anatomical and strength development that may contrast with that of untrained individuals. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate differences in musculo-articular stiffness and maximal isometric plantar flexion and knee extension force between dancers and untrained individuals...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140777/computer-graphics-animation-for-objective-self-evaluation
#13
Yoko Usui, Katsumi Sato, Shinichi Watabe
The increased number of students enrolling in dance classes in Japan has resulted in a shortage of qualified instructors, leaving classes to be taught by instructors who are not trained in dance. The authors developed a system specifically designed to help nonqualified dance instructors teach dance using motion capture and animation. The goal is to allow dancers to easily self-evaluate their own performances by comparing it to a standard example.
November 2017: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112056/effects-of-a-resistance-training-intervention-on-strength-power-and-performance-in-adolescent-dancers
#14
Rebecca A Dowse, Mike R McGuigan, Craig Harrison
Dowse, RA, McGuigan, MR, and Harrison, C. Effects of a resistance training intervention on strength, power, and performance in adolescent dancers. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2017-The aim of this study was to determine whether a 9-week resistance training program could have a significant effect on maximum lower-body strength and power, dynamic balance, and dance performance in adolescent dancers. Twelve competitive adolescent female dancers trained in jazz, ballet, and contemporary were recruited from local dance schools and assigned to a resistance training group (dance experience 9...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035984/risk-factors-for-lower-extremity-injuries-among-contemporary-dance-students
#15
Christine van Seters, Rogier M van Rijn, Marienke van Middelkoop, Janine H Stubbe
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether student characteristics, lower-extremity kinematics, and strength are risk factors for sustaining lower-extremity injuries in preprofessional contemporary dancers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Codarts University of the Arts. PATIENTS: Forty-five first-year students of Bachelor Dance and Bachelor Dance Teacher. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: At the beginning of the academic year, the injury history (only lower-extremity) and student characteristics (age, sex, educational program) were assessed using a questionnaire...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027544/long-term-effects-of-exercise-and-physical-therapy-in-people-with-parkinson-disease
#16
REVIEW
Margaret K Mak, Irene S Wong-Yu, Xia Shen, Chloe L Chung
Parkinson disease (PD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative movement disorder with symptoms reflecting various impairments and functional limitations, such as postural instability, gait disturbance, immobility and falls. In addition to pharmacological and surgical management of PD, exercise and physical therapy interventions are also being actively researched. This Review provides an overview of the effects of PD on physical activity - including muscle weakness, reduced aerobic capacity, gait impairment, balance disorders and falls...
November 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994332/ultrasonography-findings-and-physical-examination-outcomes-in-dancers-with-and-without-patellofemoral-pain
#17
Itzhak Siev-Ner, Myriam D Stern, Shay Tenenbaum, Alexander Blankstein, Aviva Zeev, Nili Steinberg
OBJECTIVES: To identify whether a physical examination for patello-femoral pain (PFP) is related to ultrasonography findings at the knee, and to identify possible factors related to PFP in young dancers. METHODS: Sixty-seven young female dancers (7th grade, aged 12.8±0.5) from three schools with identical special dance programs were included in the study. All the dancers were interviewed for demographic details, dance background, and training intensity; were evaluated for anthropometric measurements; underwent physical examination of both knees for PFP and for knee range of motion (ROM); and, had ultrasonography assessment for pathologies and of anatomical parts of their knees...
October 10, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993484/interneurons-in-the-honeybee-primary-auditory-center-responding-to-waggle-dance-like-vibration-pulses
#18
Hiroyuki Ai, Kazuki Kai, Ajayrama Kumaraswamy, Hidetoshi Ikeno, Thomas Wachtler
Female honeybees use the "waggle dance" to communicate the location of nectar sources to their hive mates. Distance information is encoded in the duration of the waggle phase (von Frisch, 1967). During the waggle phase, the dancer produces trains of vibration pulses, which are detected by the follower bees via Johnston's organ located on the antennae. To uncover the neural mechanisms underlying the encoding of distance information in the waggle dance follower, we investigated morphology, physiology, and immunohistochemistry of interneurons arborizing in the primary auditory center of the honeybee (Apis mellifera)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991848/the-feedback-tango-an-integrative-review-and-analysis-of-the-content-of-the-teacher-learner-feedback-exchange
#19
Robert Bing-You, Kalli Varaklis, Victoria Hayes, Robert Trowbridge, Heather Kemp, Dina McKelvy
PURPOSE: To conduct an integrative review and analysis of the literature on the content of feedback to learners in medical education. METHOD: Following completion of a scoping review in 2016, the authors analyzed a subset of articles published through 2015 describing the analysis of feedback exchange content in various contexts: audiotapes, clinical examination, feedback cards, multisource feedback, videotapes, and written feedback. Two reviewers extracted data from these articles and identified common themes...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987007/honey-bee-foraging-induces-upregulation-of-early-growth-response-protein-1-hormone-receptor-38-and-candidate-downstream-genes-of-the-ecdysteroid-signalling-pathway
#20
A S Singh, A Shah, A Brockmann
In honey bees, continuous foraging at an artificial feeder induced a sustained upregulation of the immediate early genes early growth response protein 1 (Egr-1) and hormone receptor 38 (Hr38). This gene expression response was accompanied by an upregulation of several Egr-1 candidate downstream genes: ecdysone receptor (EcR), dopamine/ecdysteroid receptor (DopEcR), dopamine decarboxylase and dopamine receptor 2. Hr38, EcR and DopEcR are components of the ecdysteroid signalling pathway, which is highly probably involved in learning and memory processes in honey bees and other insects...
October 7, 2017: Insect Molecular Biology
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