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Child suicide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044718/child-and-family-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-applications-for-suicide-prevention
#1
Sally M Weinstein, Rick A Cruz, Ashley R Isaia, Amy T Peters, Amy E West
Despite high rates of suicide ideation (SI) and behavior in youth with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD), little work has examined how psychosocial interventions impact suicidality among this high-risk group. The current study examined SI outcomes in a randomized clinical trial comparing Child- and Family-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CFF-CBT) for PBD versus psychotherapy treatment-as-usual (TAU). Although not designed for suicide prevention, CFF-CBT addresses child and family factors related to suicide risk and thus was hypothesized to generalize to the treatment of suicidality...
October 16, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035840/characteristics-of-mexican-children-and-adolescents-who-died-by-suicide-a-study-of-psychological-autopsies
#2
Thelma Beatriz González-Castro, Carlos Alfonso Tovilla-Zárate, Yazmín Hernández-Díaz, Isela E Juárez-Rojop, Alejandra Giovanna León-Garibay, Crystell Guadalupe Guzmán-Priego, Lilia López-Narváez, Ana Frésan
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, suicide in children and adolescents has increased considerably, becoming the second cause of death in this age group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify characteristics and factors that could precipitate deaths by suicide in children and adolescents. METHODS: Using the psychological autopsy method, we studied 28 suicide cases of children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years old. Socio-demographic factors, characteristics of the suicide and family history were documented...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033460/mortality-and-morbidity-in-the-21-st-century
#3
Anne Case, Angus Deaton
We build on and extend the findings in Case and Deaton (2015) on increases in mortality and morbidity among white non-Hispanic Americans in midlife since the turn of the century. Increases in all-cause mortality continued unabated to 2015, with additional increases in drug overdoses, suicides, and alcohol-related liver mortality, particularly among those with a high-school degree or less. The decline in mortality from heart disease has slowed and, most recently, stopped, and this combined with the three other causes is responsible for the increase in all-cause mortality...
2017: Brookings Papers on Economic Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030216/disrupted-physiological-reactivity-among-children-with-a-history-of-suicidal-ideation-moderation-by-parental-expressed-emotion-criticism
#4
Kiera M James, Mary L Woody, Cope Feurer, Anastacia Y Kudinova, Brandon E Gibb
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to examine physiological reactivity during parent-child interactions in children with and without a history of suicidal ideation (SI), a group known to be at increased risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors in the future. We also examined the potential moderating role of parental expressed emotion-criticism (EE-Crit) to determine whether the presence of parental criticism may help to identify a subgroup of children with a history of SI most at risk for physiological dysregulation...
October 10, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022520/prevalence-of-suicidal-behaviour-and-associated-factors-in-a-large-sample-of-chinese-adolescents
#5
X C Liu, H Chen, Z Z Liu, J Y Wang, C X Jia
AIMS: Suicidal behaviour is prevalent among adolescents and is a significant predictor of future suicide attempts (SAs) and suicide death. Data on the prevalence and epidemiological characteristics of suicidal behaviour in Chinese adolescents are limited. This study was aimed to examine the prevalence, characteristics and risk factors of suicidal behaviour, including suicidal thought (ST), suicide plan (SP) and SA, in a large sample of Chinese adolescents. METHOD: This report represents the first wave data of an ongoing longitudinal study, Shandong Adolescent Behavior and Health Cohort...
October 12, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981221/-depression-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#6
M Al Husni Al Keilani, V Delvenne
Child and adolescent depression is often unknown due to its varied and heterogeneous clinical presentation that makes the diagnosis complex. Indeed, it differs from adult depression by some aspects as the absence of depressive experience. It is a major risk factor for suicide, dropping out of school and social isolation. We will identify the specific clinical signs to make a diagnosis in children and adolescents and to identify therapeutic approaches. On the other hand, we will try to highlight the risk factors of depression...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977429/determination-of-propofol-by-gc-ms-and-fast-gc-ms-tof-in-two-cases-of-poisoning
#7
Paolo Procaccianti, Fiorenza Farè, Antonella Argo, Eleonora Casagni, Sebastiano Arnoldi, Sara Facheris, Giacomo Luca Visconti, Gabriella Roda, Veniero Gambaro
Two cases of suspected acute and lethal intoxication caused by propofol were delivered by the judicial authority to the Department of Sciences for Health Promotion and Mother-Child Care in Palermo, Sicily. In the first case a female nurse was found in a hotel room, where she lived with her mother; four 10 mg/mL vials and two 20 mg/mL vials of propofol were found near the decedent along with syringes and needles. In the second case a male nurse was found in the operating room of a hospital, along with a used syringe...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954160/suicide-in-childhood-a-literatura-review
#8
Girliani Silva de Sousa, Marília Suzi Pereira Dos Santos, Amanda Tabosa Pereira da Silva, Jaqueline Galdino Albuquerque Perrelli, Everton Botelho Sougey
This is an integrated review of specific literature on the main factors associated to suicidal behavior in children under 14 years. Data were retrieved from PubMed and PsycInfo databases for the 1980-2016 period, with the following descriptors: "risk of suicide"; "children"; "suicide"; "childhood". Twenty-nine papers complied with the eligibility criteria of the review and were thus selected and analyzed. Results pointed to an association of suicide with neurobiological, school-related, social and mental factors, among which the role of impulsivity stands out...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929523/follow-up-protocol-was-useful-for-children-whose-parents-attended-emergency-departments-after-partner-violence-substance-abuse-or-a-suicide-attempt
#9
Eva M M Hoytema van Konijnenburg, Maj Gigengack, Arianne H Teeuw, Tessa Sieswerda-Hoogendoorn, Sonja N Brilleslijper-Kater, Boudien C Flapper, Ramón J L Lindauer, Johannes B van Goudoever, Johanna H van der Lee
AIM: This was a one-year follow-up of families referred to support services after the parents visited the emergency department due to intimate partner violence, substance abuse or a suicide attempt. Its aim was to evaluate the well-being of any children. METHODS: Data on families identified a year earlier by the Amsterdam protocol were gathered from child protective services and parent and child self-reports in two Dutch regions from 2012-2015. RESULTS: We included 399 children (52%) boys with a median age of eight years (range 1-18) in the study using child protective services data...
September 19, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921761/risk-factors-leading-to-increased-rehospitalization-rates-among-adolescents-admitted-to-an-acute-care-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-hospital
#10
Logan McCarthy, Lisa M Pullen, Jennifer Savage, Jonathan Cayce
PROBLEM: Suicide is the third leading cause of death in adolescents in the United States, with suicidal behavior peaking in adolescence. Suicidal and self-harming behavior is often chronic, with an estimated 15-30% of adolescents who attempt suicide having a second suicide attempt within a year. The focus of acute psychiatric hospitalization is on stabilization of these psychiatric symptoms resulting at times in premature discharge. Finding from studies based on high rehospitalization rates among adolescents admitted to an acute psychiatric hospital indicates that adolescents continue to experience crisis upon discharge from an acute psychiatric hospital, leading to the question of whether or not these adolescents are being discharged prematurely...
May 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886759/epigenetic-regulation-of-the-kappa-opioid-receptor-by-child-abuse
#11
Pierre-Eric Lutz, Jeffrey A Gross, Sabine K Dhir, Gilles Maussion, Jennie Yang, Alexandre Bramoulle, Michael J Meaney, Gustavo Turecki
BACKGROUND: Experiences of abuse and neglect during childhood are major predictors of the emergence of depressive and suicidal behaviors throughout life. The underlying biological mechanisms, however, remain poorly understood. Here, we focused on the opioid system as a potential brain substrate mediating these effects. METHODS: Postmortem samples from three brain structures regulating social bonds and emotions were analyzed. Groups were constituted of depressed individuals who died by suicide, with or without a history of severe child abuse, and of psychiatrically healthy control subjects...
July 27, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885894/comparison-of-self-identified-minor-attracted-persons-who-have-and-have-not-successfully-refrained-from-sexual-activity-with-children
#12
Lisa Cohen, Nwayieze Ndukwe, Zimri Yaseen, Igor Galynker
The present study compares community-based minor-attracted persons (MAPs) with and without histories of sexual activity with children. MAP actors (N = 342) were significantly older than non-actors (N = 223), with longer duration of pedophilic attraction, more antisocial traits, greater attraction to boys, greater difficulty controlling their attraction, and more positive attitudes toward adult-child sexual activity. Additionally, more MAP actors reported prior mental health treatment, nonsexual offenses, and childhood sexual and nonsexual abuse...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879455/suicide-in-children-and-adolescents-a-tunisian-perspective-from-2009-to-2015
#13
Wael Majdoub, Amal Mosbahi, Maroua Naouar, Meriem Beji, Jihene Mannai, Elyes Turki
This study presents the characteristics of child and adolescent suicides which occurred in Kairouan, Tunisia. Data were collected from autopsy records of the Forensic Department of the University Hospital Ibn El Jazzar of Kairouan. General characteristics of suicides among children and adolescents (under the age of 18) between 2009 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 49 cases, with a female predominance (61.2%) and a mean age of 15.4 ± 2.1, were registered. Most of the victims were from rural areas (93...
September 7, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865661/methods-to-assess-adverse-childhood-experiences-of-children-and-families-toward-approaches-to-promote-child-well-being-in-policy-and-practice
#14
Christina D Bethell, Adam Carle, James Hudziak, Narangerel Gombojav, Kathleen Powers, Roy Wade, Paula Braveman
BACKGROUND: Advances in human development sciences point to tremendous possibilities to promote healthy child development and well-being across life by proactively supporting safe, stable and nurturing family relationships (SSNRs), teaching resilience, and intervening early to promote healing the trauma and stress associated with disruptions in SSNRs. Assessing potential disruptions in SSNRs, such as adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), can contribute to assessing risk for trauma and chronic and toxic stress...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859190/comparative-effectiveness-and-safety-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-pharmacotherapy-for-childhood-anxiety-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Zhen Wang, Stephen P H Whiteside, Leslie Sim, Wigdan Farah, Allison S Morrow, Mouaz Alsawas, Patricia Barrionuevo, Mouaffaa Tello, Noor Asi, Bradley Beuschel, Lubna Daraz, Jehad Almasri, Feras Zaiem, Laura Larrea-Mantilla, Oscar J Ponce, Annie LeBlanc, Larry J Prokop, Mohammad Hassan Murad
Importance: Childhood anxiety is common. Multiple treatment options are available, but existing guidelines provide inconsistent advice on which treatment to use. Objectives: To evaluate the comparative effectiveness and adverse events of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pharmacotherapy for childhood anxiety disorders. Data Sources: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and SciVerse Scopus from database inception through February 1, 2017...
August 31, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852995/-key-topics-in-austrian-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-2007-2017
#16
Andreas Karwautz, Cvetka F Lipuš, Martin Fuchs
The medical speciality "Child and Adolescent Psychiatry" exists since 2007. 2015 a new training regulation defined an increment to "Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapeutic Medicine". To document the achievements in research within the last 10 years for the first time, all papers listed in Pubmed and all books published by the member of the ÖGKJP were summarized. Additionally, the clinical/scientific key aspects of all large teaching centres were documented.All members of the ÖGKJP are scientifically active in various areas of child psychiatry...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837954/is-parity-status-associated-with-bipolar-disorder-clinical-features-severity-or-evolution
#17
Sarah Tebeka, Yann Le Strat, Caroline Dubertret
OBJECTIVE: To assess prospectively the association of the number of past pregnancies on the evolution of bipolar disorder (BD). METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2 waves of the National Epidemiologic Study of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), a representative sample of the US population of 34,653 participants. All women diagnosed with BD were included. The number of children and BD's characteristics, i.e. BD type, age of onset, hospitalization and suicide attempt, and lifetime psychiatrics comorbidity were assessed at wave 1...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830865/suicide-and-suicide-attempts-among-women-in-the-manitoba-mothers-and-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-cohort-a-retrospective-matched-analysis-using-linked-administrative-data
#18
Deepa Singal, Marni Brownell, Dan Chateau, Elizabeth Wall-Wieler, Sally Longstaffe, Ana Hanlon-Dearman, Leslie L Roos
BACKGROUND: Women who give birth to children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) may be at increased risk for suicide; however, there are few data in this area. The objective of this study was to compare rates of suicide between women who had given birth to children with FASD and women who had not given birth to children with FASD during critical periods in their lives, including before pregnancy, during pregnancy, during the postpartum period (maternal death) and until the end of the study period...
August 17, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816058/tscc-and-tscyc-screening-forms-in-a-clinical-sample-reliability-validity-and-creating-local-clinical-norms
#19
Jeffrey N Wherry, Catherine E Dunlop
Clinical norms were developed for two screening tools recently developed by Briere and published by Psychological Assessment Resources. The screening measures were derived from the most predictive items of the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) and the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children (TSCYC). Both screening measures (TSCC-Screening Form and TSCYC-Screening Form) have a total of 20 items measuring general trauma (12 items) and sexual concerns (8 items). Briere and Wherry report on the reliability and validity of the instrument when used with a normative group of children who are not identified as abused...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810956/the-reasons-for-living-scale-military-version-assessing-protective-factors-against-suicide-in-a-military-sample
#20
Anne-Marie Deutsch, R Gregory Lande
INTRODUCTION: Military suicide rates have been rising over the past decade and continue to challenge military treatment facilities. Assessing suicide risk and improving treatments are a large part of the mission for clinicians who work with uniformed service members. This study attempts to expand the toolkit of military suicide prevention by focusing on protective factors over risk factors. In 1983, Marsha Linehan published a checklist called the Reasons for Living Scale, which asked subjects to check the reasons they choose to continue living, rather than choosing suicide...
July 2017: Military Medicine
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