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Child suicide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924694/exploring-gender-and-racial-ethnic-differences-in-the-effects-of-child-sexual-abuse
#1
Sandra Gray, Susan Rarick
Child sexual abuse (CSA) has been linked to a number of adverse effects including hypersexuality (HYP), substance use (SUB), suicidality (SUI), and depression (DEP). Despite a plethora of research on CSA, little is known about how it affects adolescents and the cultural factors that influence their coping styles. This study was founded on social-cultural coping theory and the model of traumagenic dynamics of sexual abuse, suggesting that CSA consequences lead to maladaptive coping mechanisms influenced by sociocultural factors...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921145/the-burden-of-bereavement-early-onset-depression-and-impairment-in-youths-bereaved-by-sudden-parental-death-in-a-7-year-prospective-study
#2
Steven Pham, Giovanna Porta, Candice Biernesser, Monica Walker Payne, Satish Iyengar, Nadine Melhem, David A Brent
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to determine the long-term impact of sudden parental death on youths and pathways between youth bereavement and impairment. METHODS: Youths (N=216) who lost a parent to suicide, accident, or sudden natural death and nonbereaved youths (N=172) were followed periodically for up to 7 years. The incidence and prevalence of disorder and of functional impairment, as well as pathways to impairment, were assessed using Cox and mixed-effects logistic regression and structural equation modeling...
June 20, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895221/ethical-challenges-experienced-by-public-health-nurses-related-to-adolescents-use-of-visual-technologies
#3
Hilde Laholt, Kim McLeod, Marilys Guillemin, Ellinor Beddari, Geir Lorem
BACKGROUND: Visual technologies are central to youth culture and are often the preferred communication means of adolescents. Although these tools can be beneficial in fostering relations, adolescents' use of visual technologies and social media also raises ethical concerns. AIMS: We explored how school public health nurses identify and resolve the ethical challenges involved in the use of visual technologies in health dialogues with adolescents. RESEARCH DESIGN: This is a qualitative study utilizing data from focus group discussions...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884152/the-impact-of-child-maltreatment-on-non-suicidal-self-injury-data-from-a-representative-sample-of-the-general-population
#4
Rebecca C Brown, Stefanie Heines, Andreas Witt, Elmar Braehler, Joerg M Fegert, Daniela Harsch, Paul L Plener
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment is an identified risk factor for Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI). The aim of the current study was to investigate effects of different types of maltreatment, and mediating effects of depression and anxiety on NSSI in the general population. METHODS: A representative sample of the German population, comprising N = 2498 participants (mean age = 48.4 years (SD = 18.2), 53.3% female) participated in this study. Child maltreatment was assessed using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ),NSSI was assessed with a question on lifetime engagement in NSSI, depressive symptoms were assessed by the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2) and anxiety symptoms by the General Anxiety Disorder questionnaire (GAD-2)...
June 8, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879094/vital-signs-trends-in-state-suicide-rates-united-states-1999-2016-and-circumstances-contributing-to-suicide-27-states-2015
#5
Deborah M Stone, Thomas R Simon, Katherine A Fowler, Scott R Kegler, Keming Yuan, Kristin M Holland, Asha Z Ivey-Stephenson, Alex E Crosby
INTRODUCTION: Suicide rates in the United States have risen nearly 30% since 1999, and mental health conditions are one of several factors contributing to suicide. Examining state-level trends in suicide and the multiple circumstances contributing to it can inform comprehensive state suicide prevention planning. METHODS: Trends in age-adjusted suicide rates among persons aged ≥10 years, by state and sex, across six consecutive 3-year periods (1999-2016), were assessed using data from the National Vital Statistics System for 50 states and the District of Columbia...
June 8, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29875729/childhood-maltreatment-pathological-personality-dimensions-and-suicide-risk-in-young-adults
#6
Giorgio Falgares, Daniela Marchetti, Giovanna Manna, Pasquale Musso, Osmano Oasi, Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Sandro De Santis, Maria C Verrocchio
Several studies have demonstrated that child maltreatment (psychological, physical, and sexual abuse, and neglect) may be a significant factor in the development of pathological personality traits that increase the risk for suicidal ideation and behavior from adolescence to adulthood. Currently, the challenge is to understand how different forms of early negative experiences render an individual prone to develop specific personality traits and, in turn, be more vulnerable to suicide risk. To understand the relationship between childhood maltreatment and personality dimensions in suicide risk, our study aims to explore the role of self-criticism and dependency, two different pathological personality traits, as potential mediators of the link between different types of childhood maltreatment and suicide risk in young adults...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872879/-suicidal-tendencies-in-adolescence-dysfunctional-familiar-communication-as-risk-factor
#7
REVIEW
S Radde, S Gutwinski, F Stuke, A Fuchs, M Schouler-Ocak, F Bermpohl, J Henssler
BACKGROUND: Suicide is one of the four most common causes of death in adolescence worldwide. Although it is well known that suicidal people often have insufficient communication strategies, the importance of family communication for adolescent suicidality has not yet been sufficiently explored. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide a systematic review of family communication as a risk factor for adolescent suicidal tendencies and to develop treatment recommendations...
June 5, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872673/the-impact-of-pediatric-skin-disease-on-self-esteem
#8
REVIEW
K L Vivar, L Kruse
Background: Pediatric skin disorders can affect children's self-esteem, relationships with caregivers and peers, and performance in school and activities. Objective: This review describes common pediatric congenital and acquired dermatologic disorders and the impact that these disorders can have on children's self-esteem. Methods: A review of current, English-language literature was conducted with use of the PubMed database. Search terms included atopic dermatitis, acne, infantile hemangiomas, port wine stains, congenital melanocytic nevi, hidradenitis suppurativa, and self-esteem...
March 2018: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859554/-p-and-dp-examining-symptom-level-bifactor-models-of-psychopathology-and-dysregulation-in-clinically-referred-children-and-adolescents
#9
John D Haltigan, Madison Aitken, Tracey Skilling, Joanna Henderson, Lisa Hawke, Marco Battaglia, John Strauss, Peter Szatmari, Brendan F Andrade
OBJECTIVE: This study examined cross-informant evidence for a general factor of psychopathology ("P") and a narrower, clinically oriented dysregulation general factor based on the Dysregulation Profile ("DP") in a large clinical sample of children and adolescents. We also compared the magnitude of P and DP general factor associations with self-harm and suicidal ideation as an indicator of criterion validity. METHOD: Itemwise data from the Child Behavior Checklist (N = 2,934; 4-18 years of age) were analyzed using confirmatory bifactor modeling and replicated in a supplementary analysis using Youth Self Report data (N = 2,395)...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848080/suicide-and-self-harm-related-internet-use
#10
Prianka Padmanathan, Lucy Biddle, Robert Carroll, Jane Derges, John Potokar, David Gunnell
BACKGROUND: The rise in Internet use adds a new dimension to suicide prevention. We investigated suicide/self-harm (S/Sh)-related Internet use among patients presenting to hospital with self-harm. METHOD: We asked 1,198 adult and 315 child and adolescent patients presenting to hospital following self-harm in a city in South West England about Internet use associated with their hospital presentation. Associations between Internet use and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were investigated using multivariable logistic regression models...
May 31, 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804155/menarche-and-menstrual-problems-are-associated-with-non-suicidal-self-injury-in-adolescent-girls
#11
Xianchen Liu, Zhen-Zhen Liu, Fang Fan, Cun-Xian Jia
Menstrual problems and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) are common in adolescent girls. This study examined whether onset of menstruation and menstrual problems were related to NSSI in Chinese female adolescents. A total of 5696 adolescent girls participated in the baseline survey of Shandong Adolescent Behavior and Health Cohort (SABHC) study in Shandong, China. A structured questionnaire was used to ask about participants' lifetime and last-year NSSI, age at menarche, menstrual cycle interval, menstrual flow length, menstrual irregularity, period pain, body weight and height, and demographics...
May 26, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796968/recommendations-for-the-use-of-ect-in-pregnancy-literature-review-and-proposed-clinical-protocol
#12
Heather Burrell-Ward, John A Fromson, Joseph J Cooper, Gildasio De Oliveira, Marcela Almeida
Psychiatric disorders are common in pregnancy, affecting 15-29% of pregnant women. Untreated depression has negative health consequences for mother and fetus. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective option for the treatment of severe depression, high suicide risk, catatonia, medication-resistant illness, psychotic agitation, severe physical decline, and other life-threatening conditions. To our knowledge, however, there is no literature that consolidates all the evidence on maternal and fetal risks associated with untreated depression, medications, and ECT then translating it into one cohesive protocol that could serve as a management guide and a source of reassurance to health-care providers involved in such practice...
May 23, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791676/suicide-in-brazilian-indigenous-communities-clustering-of-cases-in-children-and-adolescents-by-household
#13
Thomas Adriano Lazzarini, Crhistinne Cavalheiro Maymone Gonçalves, Walter Martins Benites, Liliane Ferreira da Silva, Daniel Henrique Tsuha, Albert Icksang Ko, Robert Rohrbaugh, Jason Randolph Andrews, Julio Croda
OBJECTIVE To estimate age and sex-specific suicide rates, compare suicide rates between indigenous communities, and quantify the frequency of intrafamilial suicide clustering. METHODS We performed a retrospective cohort study involving 14,666 indigenous individuals in reservations in Dourados, state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, from 2003 through 2013 using national and local census. RESULTS The overall suicide rate was 73.4 per 100,000 person-years. Adolescent males aged 15-19 and girls aged 10-14 had the highest rates for each sex at 289...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789775/pathological-internet-use-an-important-comorbidity-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-prevalence-and-correlation-patterns-in-a-naturalistic-sample-of-adolescent-inpatients
#14
Martin Fuchs, David Riedl, Astrid Bock, Gerhard Rumpold, Kathrin Sevecke
Background: Few studies have examined the prevalence of problematic internet use (PIU) in young people undergoing inpatient treatment in child and adolescent psychiatry centers. The aims of our study were thus (a) to assess the frequency of comorbid PIU in a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients and compare it with a control group of nonreferred adolescents and (b) to gain insights into correlations between PIU and psychiatric comorbidities. Methods: 111 child and adolescent psychiatry inpatients (CAP-IP, mean age 15...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753435/-acceptability-of-the-systematic-screening-of-suicidal-adolescents-in-emergency-departments
#15
Gabrielle Stoven, Jonathan Lachal, Erick Gokalsing, Lucie Baux, Louis Jehel, Michel Spodenkiewicz
Studies of adolescent suicide screening tools have increased with the development of questionnaires that can be used in paediatric emergency departments. This article proposes a literature review of the acceptability of such interventions. Although these tools are well accepted when they are systematized, their usefulness is determined by the availability of child psychiatric care with the right balance between the adolescent's confidentiality and parental involvement.
May 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706155/the-workforce-shortage-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatrists-is-it-time-for-a-different-approach
#16
EDITORIAL
Robert L Findling, Ekaterina Stepanova
Psychiatric disorders affect a large number of children around the world. Recent data have reported that approximately 10% to 13% of children have a serious emotional disturbance with significant functional impairment, suggesting that at least 1 in 10 children require mental health services.1,2 Approximately half the adults with mental illness received their diagnosis before 15 years of age3 and close to three fourths of mental health disorders start by the mid-20s.4 Mental illnesses are associated with a large disease burden because these conditions lead to increases in morbidity, mortality, and financial costs...
May 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694369/wearable-sensors-detect-childhood-internalizing-disorders-during-mood-induction-task
#17
Ellen W McGinnis, Ryan S McGinnis, Jessica Hruschak, Emily Bilek, Ka Ip, Diana Morlen, Jamie Lawler, Nestor L Lopez-Duran, Kate Fitzgerald, Katherine L Rosenblum, Maria Muzik
There is a significant need to develop objective measures for identifying children under the age of 8 who have anxiety and depression. If left untreated, early internalizing symptoms can lead to adolescent and adult internalizing disorders as well as comorbidity which can yield significant health problems later in life including increased risk for suicide. To this end, we propose the use of an instrumented fear induction task for identifying children with internalizing disorders, and demonstrate its efficacy in a sample of 63 children between the ages of 3 and 7...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675280/what-can-happen-when-postpartum-anxiety-progresses-to-psychosis-a-case-study
#18
Vesna Pirec
This case report describes a primipara without documented psychiatric history prior to complicated delivery. Onset of severe insomnia and anxiety was right after childbirth but not treated. Obsessive thinking pattern became more prominent. The patient became depressed and sought psychiatric help four months after delivery. Insomnia was then treated pharmacologically. Anxiety and depression persisted, suicidal ideation emerged, and the patient became confused, indecisive, overwhelmed, and delusional regarding her child's health...
2018: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672475/suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-students-in-grades-8-10-and-12-utah-2015
#19
Marissa L Zwald, Francis B Annor, Amanda Wilkinson, Mike Friedrichs, Anna Fondario, Angela C Dunn, Allyn Nakashima, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Ivey-Stephenson
Suicidal thoughts and behaviors among youths are important public health concerns in Utah, where the suicide rate among youths consistently exceeds the national rate and has been increasing for nearly a decade (1). In March 2017, CDC was invited to assist the Utah Department of Health (UDOH) with an investigation to characterize the epidemiology of fatal and nonfatal suicidal behaviors and identify risk and protective factors associated with these behaviors, among youths aged 10-17 years. This report presents findings related to nonfatal suicidal behaviors among Utah youths...
April 20, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667699/lean-perspectives-a-case-for-implementing-parent-child-relational-problem-screening
#20
Bryson C Okeoma
The purpose of the current study was to make a case for instituting parent-child relational problem (PCRP) screening as a standard of care in pediatric inpatient psychiatric units due to increasing evidence that PCRP may be an underreported problem that affects more adolescents than currently realized. Adolescents who are admitted to the hospital for mood exacerbation, suicidal ideation, self-harm behavior, or behavioral escalation may improve and be discharged. However, these adolescents often are readmitted, which may be associated with parent-child relational factors...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
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