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Child suicide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453272/building-the-child-safety-collaborative-innovation-and-improvement-network-how-does-it-work-and-what-is-it-achieving
#1
Jennifer B Leonardo, Rebecca S Spicer, Maria Katradis, Jennifer Allison, Rebekah Thomas
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether the Child Safety Collaborative Innovation and Improvement Network (CS CoIIN) framework could be applied in the field of injury and violence prevention to reduce fatalities, hospitalizations and emergency department visits among 0-19 year olds. SAMPLE: Twenty-one states/jurisdictions were accepted into cohort 1 of the CS CoIIN, and 14 were engaged from March 2016 through April 2017. A quality improvement framework was used to test, implement and spread evidence-based change ideas (strategies and programs) in child passenger safety, falls prevention, interpersonal violence prevention, suicide and self-harm prevention and teen driver safety...
February 16, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442549/age-at-exposure-to-parental-suicide-and-the-subsequent-risk-of-suicide-in%C3%A2-young-people
#2
Kuan-Ying Lee, Chung-Yi Li, Kun-Chia Chang, Tsung-Hsueh Lu, Ying-Yeh Chen
BACKGROUND: We investigated the age at exposure to parental suicide and the risk of subsequent suicide completion in young people. The impact of parental and offspring sex was also examined. METHOD: Using a cohort study design, we linked Taiwan's Birth Registry (1978-1997) with Taiwan's Death Registry (1985-2009) and identified 40,249 children who had experienced maternal suicide (n = 14,431), paternal suicide (n = 26,887), or the suicide of both parents (n = 281)...
January 2018: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441804/using-social-media-to-explore-the-consequences-of-domestic-violence-on-mental-health
#3
Mingming Liu, Jia Xue, Nan Zhao, Xuefei Wang, Dongdong Jiao, Tingshao Zhu
A great deal of research has focused on the negative consequences of domestic violence (DV) on mental health. However, current studies cannot provide direct and reliable evidence on the impacts of DV on mental health in a short term as it is not feasible to measure mental health shortly before and after an unpredictable event like DV. This study aims to explore the short-term outcomes of DV on individuals' mental health. We collected a sample of 232 victims (77% female) and 232 nonvictims (gender and location matched with 232 victims) on Sina Weibo...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438124/friendly-faces-characteristics-of-children-and-adolescents-with-repeat-visits-to-a-specialized-child-psychiatric-emergency-program
#4
Mollie Marr, Sarah M Horwitz, Ruth Gerson, Amy Storfer-Isser, Jennifer F Havens
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric mental health emergency department (ED) visits continue to rise with 19% to 62% of youth presenting to the ED ultimately returning for a mental health-related complaint. To better understand the needs of children returning to the ED, this study examines the clinical, demographic, and environmental factors associated with revisits to a dedicated child psychiatric ED. METHODS: Clinical factors, home environment, and mental health service utilization of 885 children presenting to a dedicated child psychiatric ED over a 1-year period were abstracted by retrospective chart review...
February 12, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437752/towards-high-quality-useful-practice-guidelines-for-child-and-youth-mental-health-disorders-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-consensus-exercise
#5
Kathryn Bennett, Stephanie Duda, Melissa Brouwers, Peter Szatmari, Amanda Newton, John McLennan, Purnima Sundar, Kristin Cleverley, Alice Charach, Joanna Henderson, Darren Courtney, Maureen Rice
INTRODUCTION: The quality of clinical practice guidelines (PGs) has not been evaluated in child and youth mental health (CYMH). To address this gap, we will: (1) conduct a systematic review (SR) to answer the question 'among eligible PGs relevant to the prevention or treatment of CYMH conditions, which PGs meet criteria for minimum and high quality?'; (2) apply nominal group methods to create recommendations for how CYMH PG quality, completeness and usefulness can be strengthened. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: SR: Potentially eligible PGs will be identified in 12 databases using a reproducible search strategy developed by a research librarian...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431142/do-eps-change-their-clinical-behaviour-in-the-hallway-or-when-a-companion-is-present-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
Hanni Stoklosa, Meredith Scannell, Zheng Ma, Bernard Rosner, Ashley Hughes, J Stephen Bohan
OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to determine whether emergency physicians (EPs) felt their standard patient evaluation practice was modified by two non-private clinical encounters: hallway encounters and encounters during which a companion was present. METHODS: We administered an iteratively developed cross-sectional survey at an annual national professional meeting. We used logistic regression to compare relationships among non-private clinical encounters and predictors of interest...
February 3, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430692/mental-health-care-needs-and-preferences-for-mothers-of-children-with-a-disability
#7
K-M Gilson, E Davis, S Johnson, J Gains, D Reddihough, K Williams
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with a disability are at increased risk of poor mental health compared with mothers of typically developing children. The aim of the study was to describe the mental health care needs and preferences for support of mothers of children and young people aged 0-25 years with a disability. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was used, using an online survey with 294 mothers of children with a disability. Questions were asked about mental health, perceived need for support, barriers to accessing mental health care, and preferences for support...
February 12, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428879/examining-the-association-between-suicidal-behaviors-and-referral-for-mental-health-services-among-children-involved-in-the-child-welfare-system-in-ontario-canada
#8
Philip Baiden, Barbara Fallon
Although various studies have investigated factors associated with mental health service utilization, few studies have examined factors associated with referral for mental health services among maltreated children. The objective of this study was to examine the association between suicidal thoughts and self-harming behavior and referral for mental health services among children involved in the Child Welfare System in Ontario, Canada. Data for this study were obtained from the Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2013...
February 8, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425129/suicidal-ideation-among-youth-living-in-the-slums-of-kampala-uganda
#9
Rachel Culbreth, Monica H Swahn, David Ndetei, Lynnette Ametewee, Rogers Kasirye
The purpose of this study is to examine the factors associated with suicidal ideation among youth living in the slums of Kampala, Uganda. Analyses are based on cross-sectional survey data, collected in 2014, of a convenience sample (n = 1134) of urban service-seeking youth participating in a Uganda Youth Development Link drop-in center. Logistic regression analyses were computed to determine the psychosocial factors associated with suicidal ideation. Among youth participants, 23.54% (n = 266) reported suicidal ideation in the past year...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416991/adolescent-health-in-urban-india
#10
REVIEW
S Ramadass, Sanjeev Kumar Gupta, Baridalyne Nongkynrih
Adolescence is the period in human growth and development that occurs after childhood and before adulthood, from ages 10 to 19 years. It is a period of dynamic brain development. During this period, adolescents learn from the social behavior and environmental surroundings of their community. Because of rapid urbanization without accounting for the basic health-care amenities, health disparities tend to arise. In this review, we have tried to describe the health profile of adolescents in urban India. Relevant articles were extracted from PubMed and related websites...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409473/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-clinical-sample-of-adolescents-the-role-of-comorbidities-and-gender
#11
Judit Balázs, Dóra Győri, Lili Olga Horváth, Gergely Mészáros, Dóra Szentiványi
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible association between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) with special focus on the role of comorbidities and gender in a clinical sample of adolescents with both a dimensional and a categorical approach to psychopathology. METHODS: Using a structured interview, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Kid and a self-rated questionnaire, the Deliberate Self-Harm Inventory, the authors examined 202 inpatient adolescents (aged: 13-18 years) in the Vadaskert Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Hospital and Outpatient Clinic, Budapest, Hungary...
February 6, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407853/the-relationship-between-child-protection-contact-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-canadian-adults-with-a-child-abuse-history
#12
Tracie O Afifi, Jill McTavish, Sarah Turner, Harriet L MacMillan, C Nadine Wathen
Despite being a primary response to child abuse, it is currently unknown whether contact with child protection services (CPS) does more good than harm. The aim of the current study was to examine whether contact with CPS is associated with improved mental health outcomes among adult respondents who reported experiencing child abuse, after adjusting for sociodemographic factors and abuse severity. The data were drawn from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health (CCHS-2012), which used a multistage stratified cluster design (household-level response rate = 79...
February 1, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407536/differential-associations-between-patterns-of-child-maltreatment-and-comorbidity-in-adult-depressed-patients
#13
Jeannette Brodbeck, Eva Fassbinder, Ulrich Schweiger, Antje Fehr, Christina Späth, Jan Philipp Klein
BACKGROUND: Types of maltreatment often co-occur and it is unclear how maltreatment patterns impact on comorbidity in depressed patients. METHODS: We analysed associations of maltreatment patterns with a broad range of comorbidities assessed with diagnostic interviews in 311 treatment-seeking depressed outpatients. RESULTS: Latent class analyses identified a "no maltreatment class" (39%), a "mild to moderate abuse and neglect class" (34%), a "severe abuse and neglect class" (14%) and a "severe neglect class" (13%)...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397445/population-attributable-risk-of-factors-associated-with-the-repetition-of-self-harm-behaviour-in-young-people-presenting-to-clinical-services-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Katrina Witt, Allison Milner, Matthew J Spittal, Sarah Hetrick, Jo Robinson, Jane Pirkis, Gregory Carter
The repetition of hospital-treated self-harm by young people is common. However, little work has summarised the modifiable factors associated with this. A thorough understanding of those factors most strongly associated with repetition could guide the development of relevant clinical interventions. We systematically reviewed four databases (EMBASE, Medline, PubMed and PsycINFO) until 15 April 2016 to identify all observational studies of factors for the repetition of self-harm or suicide reattempts (together referred to as 'self-harm behaviour') in young people...
February 3, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389917/surveillance-for-violent-deaths-national-violent-death-reporting-system-18-states-2014
#15
Katherine A Fowler, Shane P D Jack, Bridget H Lyons, Carter J Betz, Emiko Petrosky
PROBLEM/CONDITION: In 2014, approximately 59,000 persons died in the United States as a result of violence-related injuries. This report summarizes data from CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent deaths from 18 U.S. states for 2014. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, location of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics. REPORTING PERIOD COVERED: 2014...
February 2, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386448/-some-attentional-points-in-the-clinical-aspects-of-trauma-care
#16
Toshiko Sawaguchi, Toshiko Kamo
Almost all patients requiring care for a combination of sexual, physiological, and psychological trauma, suffer from psychological or mental illness. Mental symptoms are well known to be associated with the violence very well and assailants have a violence dependency but it is not a well known mental disease. Changing of roles between being an assailant and being a victim is observed in half of the patients. In patients with trauma, hyperarousal and apathy appears simultaneously, and avoidance symptoms, intrusion symptoms, and crashed sleep, dissociation are also recognized...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382632/a-smartphone-app-blueice-for-young-people-who-self-harm-open-phase-1-pre-post-trial
#17
Paul Stallard, Joanna Porter, Rebecca Grist
BACKGROUND: Recent years have seen a significant increase in the availability of smartphone apps for mental health problems. Despite their proliferation, few apps have been specifically developed for young people, and almost none have been subject to any form of evaluation. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to undertake a preliminary evaluation of a smartphone app (BlueIce), coproduced with young people and designed to help young people manage distress and urges to self-harm...
January 30, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369655/early-parental-loss-and-intimate-relationships-in-adulthood-a-nationwide-study
#18
Beverley Lim Høeg, Christoffer Johansen, Jane Christensen, Kirsten Frederiksen, Susanne Oksbjerg Dalton, Atle Dyregrov, Per Bøge, Annemarie Dencker, Pernille Envold Bidstrup
Being able to form and maintain intimate relationships is an essential part of development and the early loss of a parent may negatively affect this ability. This study investigates the association between parental loss before the age of 18 years and the formation and dissolution of marriage and cohabitation relationships in adulthood, in relation to factors that may help identify potentially vulnerable subgroups of bereaved children, that is, sex of the deceased parent, cause of death and child's age at the time of death...
January 25, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363929/best-practices-in-managing-child-and-adolescent-behavioral-health-emergencies-digest
#19
Vera Feuer, Joshua Rocker, Babar M Saggu, Jason M Andrus, Molly Wormley
Behavioral health emergencies most commonly present as depression, suicidal behavior, aggression, and severe disorganization. Emergency clinicians should avoid relying solely on past medical history or previous psychiatric diagnoses that might prematurely rule out medical pathologies. Treatments for behavioral health emergencies consist of de-escalation interventions aimed at preventing agitation, aggression, and harm. This issue reviews medical pathologies and underlying causes that can result in psychiatric presentations and summarizes evidence-based practices to evaluate, manage, and refer patients with behavioral health emergencies...
January 22, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357671/the-management-of-young-people-who-self-harm-by-new-zealand-infant-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-cutting-edge-or-cutting-corners
#20
Hiran Thabrew, Ernest Gandeza, Giselle Bahr, David Bettany, Chris Bampton, Emily Cooney, Nikki Coleman, Jemaima Tiatia-Seath
OBJECTIVES: Self-harm is common in New Zealand (NZ) young people and can have short-term and long-term consequences, including suicide. This study was undertaken to examine the extent to which evidence-based approaches for addressing self-harm are offered by Infant, Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (ICAMHS). METHODS: A national survey of ICAMHS practitioners working with young people who self-harm was undertaken between May and July 2016. RESULTS: Responses from 23 out of 30 ICAMHS confirmed self-harm was a familiar presentation and most commonly associated with diagnoses of depression, anxiety and borderline personality disorder...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
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