keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Child suicide

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419887/unpacking-the-impact-of-adverse-childhood-experiences-on-adult-mental-health
#1
Melissa T Merrick, Katie A Ports, Derek C Ford, Tracie O Afifi, Elizabeth T Gershoff, Andrew Grogan-Kaylor
Exposure to childhood adversity has an impact on adult mental health, increasing the risk for depression and suicide. Associations between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and several adult mental and behavioral health outcomes are well documented in the literature, establishing the need for prevention. The current study analyzes the relationship between an expanded ACE score that includes being spanked as a child and adult mental health outcomes by examining each ACE separately to determine the contribution of each ACE...
April 15, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416429/-life-threatening-sleepwalking-elpenor-s-syndrome-in-a-10-year-old-child
#2
M-A Madigand-Tordjman, P-J Egler, F Bertran, M Jokic, F Guénolé
Though benign in the majority of cases, sleepwalking sometimes causes injuries due, among other causes, to falls. Such accidents can be life-threatening - a situation that has been termed Elpenor syndrome (in reference to an accident experienced by a character in Homer's epic The Odyssey) - in particular when entailing defenestration. This syndrome has been described in adults and adolescents; we report here a case in a child. OBSERVATION: This 10-year-old girl was admitted at night to our hospital after a 3-m fall at home...
April 14, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412615/suicide-risk-among-young-children-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-follow-up-study
#3
Takeo Fujiwara, Junko Yagi, Hiroaki Homma, Hirobumi Mashiko, Keizo Nagao, Makiko Okuyama
On 11 March 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent tsunami hit East Japan. We aim to investigate the impact of trauma experiences related to the earthquake on suicide risk among young children, stratified by child sex. Participants at baseline were children who were exposed to the 2011 disaster at preschool age (affected area, n=198; unaffected area, n=82, total n=280). From July 2013 to May 2014, suicide risk was assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID) in a follow-up interview conducted by a child psychiatrist or psychologist (N=210, follow-up rate: 75%)...
April 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406661/lifetime-history-of-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-incarcerated-women-in-israel
#4
Gila Chen, Keren Gueta
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates that rates of death by suicide are higher among female inmates compared with male inmates and the general population. Despite the high rate of lifetime suicidality, little is known about the predictors of suicidality for these women. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to examine sociodemographic, criminological, and psychological variables associated with a history of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among incarcerated women. METHOD: This cross-sectional study investigated a history of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a sample of 46 Israeli incarcerated women...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395894/burden-of-separation-and-suicide-risk-of-prisoners-with-minor-children
#5
Sinja Krüger, Stefan Priebe, Rosemarie Fritsch, Adrian P Mundt
The present study aimed to explore the burden of separation from children and its relationship with suicide risk in prisoners with minor children at the moment of admission into the penal justice system. Suicide risk was assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview in newly admitted female (n=198) and male (n=229) prisoners in Santiago de Chile. The burden of separation from minor children was rated on a numeric rating scale. Both genders showed high burden of separation from children at imprisonment...
April 8, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394249/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-short-term-psychoanalytic-psychotherapy-versus-brief-psychosocial-intervention-in-adolescents-with-unipolar-major-depression-impact-a-multicentre-pragmatic-observer-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Ian M Goodyer, Shirley Reynolds, Barbara Barrett, Sarah Byford, Bernadka Dubicka, Jonathan Hill, Fiona Holland, Raphael Kelvin, Nick Midgley, Chris Roberts, Rob Senior, Mary Target, Barry Widmer, Paul Wilkinson, Peter Fonagy
BACKGROUND: Although there are effective psychological treatments for unipolar major depression in adolescents, whether or not one or more of the available therapies maintain reduced depressive symptoms 1 year after the end of treatment is not known. This is a non-trivial issue because maintaining lowered depressive symptoms below a clinical threshold level reduces the risk for diagnostic relapse into the adult years. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether or not either of two specialist psychological treatments, cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) or short-term psychoanalytic psychotherapy (STPP), is more effective than a reference brief psychosocial intervention (BPI) in maintaining reduction of depression symptoms in the year after treatment...
March 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355042/contributing-factors-and-mental-health-outcomes-of-first-suicide-attempt-during-childhood-and-adolescence-results-from-a-nationally-representative-study
#7
Hugo Peyre, Nicolas Hoertel, Coline Stordeur, Gaële Lebeau, Carlos Blanco, Kibby McMahon, Romain Basmaci, Cédric Lemogne, Frédéric Limosin, Richard Delorme
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether risk factors for suicide attempts differ in children and adolescents and to categorize adulthood mental health outcomes of child and adolescent suicide attempters in the general population. METHODS: Using a large (N = 34,653), nationally representative US adult sample, the 2004-2005 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, we examined whether individuals who first attempted suicide during childhood (under the age of 13 years) differ from those who first attempted suicide during adolescence (13 through 17 years) in (1) contributing factors for first suicide attempt, including mental disorders and traumatic experiences that occurred before the first suicide attempt, parental history of mental disorders, and family poverty and (2) adulthood mental health outcomes, including lifetime and current prevalence of DSM-IV psychiatric disorders and quality of life measures...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344844/effort-reward-imbalance-at-work-parental-support-and-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-from-chinese-dual-earner-families
#8
Jian Li, Adrian Loerbroks, Johannes Siegrist
BACKGROUND: In contemporary China, most parents are dual-earner couples and there is only one child in the family. We aimed to examine the associations of parents' work stress with suicidal ideation among the corresponding adolescent. We further hypothesized that low parental support experienced by adolescents may mediate the associations. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from school students and their working parents were used, with 907 families from Kunming City, China...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262260/-suicidal-attempts-in-child-and-adolescent-and-bipolar-disorders
#9
N Dugand, S Thümmler, C Pradier, F Askenazy
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent psychiatrists are frequently confronted with suicide attempts and comorbid mood disorders. Diagnoses of juvenile bipolar disorders (BD) are rare and controversial and standardized assessment is helpful for a reliable diagnosis. The main objective of this study was to identify the number of juvenile bipolar disorder diagnoses according to DSM-5 criteria in a population of children and adolescents hospitalized for suicide attempts. Secondary objectives were the assessment of a patient's characteristics and the comparison of suicide attempt recurrence during 12 months of follow-up...
March 2, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261867/suicidal-ideation-depressive-symptomatology-and-self-concept-a-comparison-between-mexican-institutionalized-and-noninstitutionalized-children
#10
Ana-Maria Chavez-Hernandez, Fredi-Everardo Correa-Romero, Irma-Beatriz Acosta-Rojas, Karen-Viviana Cardoso-Espindola, Gustavo M Padilla-Gallegos, Isabel Valadez-Figueroa
Previous research reports a significant prevalence of child depression worldwide and self-concept as a predictor of depression and suicide behavior. Although suicide in children is an increasing problem in Mexico, there are scarce studies reporting risk factors and none of children in foster care institutions. This was a comparative, ex post facto study whose aim was to analyze associations between suicidal ideation, depression, and self-concept in two paired samples of Mexican children (83 institutionalized and 83 noninstitutionalized)...
March 6, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242365/young-men-s-suicidal-behavior-depression-crime-and-substance-use-risks-linked-to-childhood-teasing
#11
David C R Kerr, Gianluca Gini, Deborah M Capaldi
The consequences in adulthood of bullying, teasing, and other peer victimization experiences in childhood rarely have been considered in prospective studies. Studies of peer victimization are mixed regarding whether negative outcomes are explained by pre-existing child vulnerabilities. Furthermore, replication of prior studies with broader definitions and other methods and demographic groups is needed. Based on mother, father, and teacher reports at ages 10-12 years, we classified American boys (n=206) from higher delinquency neighborhoods as perpetrators of teasing, victims, perpetrator-victims, or uninvolved (n=26, 35, 29, and 116, respectively)...
February 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230432/nursing-children-and-young-people-what-mental-health-training-is-required
#12
Leah Thomas
AIM: The aim of this research was to investigate the views of children and young people's nurses on the mental health training they had received and what recommendations they would make for future staff training. METHOD: Nine such nurses who had experience of nursing young people following self-harm or a suicide attempt were recruited. Data were collected using individual 45-minute semi-structured interviews and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221282/characteristics-and-triage-of-children-presenting-in-mental-health-crisis-to-emergency-departments-at-detroit-regional-hospitals
#13
Kristen Williams, Amanda R Levine, David M Ledgerwood, Alireza Amirsadri, Leslie H Lundahl
OBJECTIVES: The number of children in the United States utilizing emergency department (ED) services for psychiatric crises is increasing, and psychiatric-related ED visits disproportionately burden hospital resources. Yet, there is limited available information on the epidemiology and outcomes of pediatric mental health emergencies. The present study sought to characterize pediatric mental health-related ED presentations in a large urban center and identify factors predictive of inpatient hospitalization...
February 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212195/suicide-in-guyana-nurses-perspectives
#14
Maureen Anthony, Carla Groh, Jean Gash
Guyana, an English-speaking country on the north coast of South America, has the highest suicide rate in the world. Nurses are an integral part of the healthcare team working with patients experiencing psychological distress and are uniquely qualified to add to the discourse on factors contributing to the high suicide rate in Guyana. The purpose of this study was to explore the attitudes and experiences of nurses and nurse assistants in Guyana related to suicide. Nine registered nurses and nurse assistants who worked at a private hospital in Georgetown, Guyana, were recruited to participate in a focus group...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185670/the-relationship-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-males-results-from-a-nationally-representative-united-states-sample
#15
Sarah Turner, Tamara Taillieu, Kristene Cheung, Tracie O Afifi
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the associations between childhood sexual abuse (CSA), co-occurrence with other types of maltreatment and adult mental health outcomes, specifically among males. The objectives of this study were to: 1) determine the prevalence of males who have experienced a) childhood maltreatment without CSA; b) CSA without other forms of childhood maltreatment; and c) CSA along with other forms of childhood maltreatment; and 2) determine the relationship between CSA among males and mood, anxiety, substance and personality disorders and suicide attempts...
February 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185109/further-evaluation-of-associations-between-reactive-and-proactive-aggression-and-suicidal-behavior-in-a-treatment-seeking-sample-of-youth
#16
Paula J Fite, Jonathan Poquiz, Andrew L Frazer, Nicholas Reiter
This study examined associations between reactive and proactive functions of aggression and suicidal behavior in a sample of outpatient treatment seeking youth (n = 111, 60.5% male) ranging from 6 to 17 years of age (Mean age = 10.57 years). Additionally, hope was evaluated as a moderator of these associations. Child reports of measures were used to evaluate associations. When also considering the variance associated with child depressive symptoms and hope, reactive, but not proactive, aggression was uniquely associated with suicidal behavior...
February 10, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165762/extended-release-guanfacine-in-pediatric-anxiety-disorders-a-pilot-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Jeffrey R Strawn, Scott N Compton, Brigitte Robertson, Anne Marie Albano, Mohamed Hamdani, Moira A Rynn
OBJECTIVE: This is a feasibility study evaluating the safety, tolerability, and potential anxiolytic efficacy of the α2 agonist guanfacine extended-release (GXR) in children and adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), separation anxiety disorder (SAD), or social phobia/social anxiety disorder. METHODS: Youth aged 6-17 years with a primary diagnosis of GAD, SAD, and/or social anxiety disorder were treated with flexibly dosed GXR (1-6 mg daily, n = 62) or placebo (n = 21) for 12 weeks...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165685/a-tragic-trend-why-terrorists-use-female-and-child-suicide-bombers
#18
John Sawicki
The Oct. 10, 2015, suicide bomber attack at the village of Baga Sola in Chad killed and wounded dozens. Amid a long litany of terrible attacks launched by the Islamist group Boko Haram, this one was notable not so much for its severity, but for its perpetra- tors: one male, two females and two child bombers.
July 2016: Health Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164140/epidemiology-of-pediatric-burns-and-future-prevention-strategies-a-study-of-475-patients-from-a-high-volume-burn-center-in-north-india
#19
Amol Dhopte, V K Tiwari, Pankaj Patel, Rahul Bamal
BACKGROUND: Pediatric burns have a long-term social impact. This is more apparent in a developing country such as India, where their incidence and morbidity are high. The aim of this study was to provide recent prospective epidemiological data on pediatric burns in India and to suggest future preventive strategies. METHODS: Children up to 18 years old admitted to the Department of Burns, Plastic & Maxillofacial Surgery, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, between January and December 2014 were included in the study...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132000/computerised-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-depression-in-adolescents-feasibility-results-and-4-month-outcomes-of-a-uk-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Barry Wright, Lucy Tindall, Elizabeth Littlewood, Victoria Allgar, Paul Abeles, Dominic Trépel, Shehzad Ali
OBJECTIVES: Computer-administered cognitive-behavioural therapy (CCBT) may be a promising treatment for adolescents with depression, particularly due to its increased availability and accessibility. The feasibility of delivering a randomised controlled trial (RCT) comparing a CCBT program (Stressbusters) with an attention control (self-help websites) for adolescent depression was evaluated. DESIGN: Single centre RCT feasibility study. SETTING: The trial was run within community and clinical settings in York, UK...
January 27, 2017: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
5081
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"