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Malignant fibrous histiocytoma

D Zhao, L Zheng, X M Lü, M W Huang, Y Shi, X L Ma, J Yan, J G Zhang
Objective: To investigate the clinical application and preliminary results of (125)I radioactive seeds brachytherapy in the comprehensive treatment of the pediatric soft tissue sarcoma in head and neck. Methods: A total of 24 pediatric patients with soft tissue sarcoma in head and neck were treated at Peking University School of Stomatology from April 2012 to July 2015. The data was collected and analyzed through statistical methods, which included the pathological type, gender, age, tumor location, volume, treatment and the clinical results after the application of (125)I radioactive seeds brachytherapy...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
K Harati, B Behr, A Daigeler, T Hirsch, F Jacobsen, M Renner, A Harati, C Wallner, M Lehnhardt, M Becerikli
BACKGROUND: The cytostatic effects of the polyphenol curcumin and Viscum album extract (VAE) were assessed in soft-tissue sarcoma (STS) cells. METHODS: Eight human STS cell lines were used: fibrosarcoma (HT1080), liposarcoma (SW872, T778, MLS-402), synovial sarcoma (SW982, SYO1, 1273), and malignant fibrous histiocytoma (U2197). Primary human fibroblasts served as control cells. Cell proliferation, viability, and cell index (CI) were analyzed by BrdU assay, MTT assay, and real-time cell analysis (RTCA)...
January 3, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
Sally Ogden, Srikrishna Harave, Jo McPartland, Bernadette Brennan, Lee Jeys, Paul Losty, Barry Pizer
Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) is a rare soft tissue tumour with intermediate malignant potential. We report the case of a patient with local recurrence of AFH in two locations and lymph node metastases 18 months after primary surgical excision. The patient was treated with six cycles of ifosfamide and doxorubicin chemotherapy and a further three courses of ifosfamide monotherapy. Reassessment imaging showed a good response to chemotherapy with reduction in size of the two tumours of local recurrence and the lymph node metastases...
December 24, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Chang-Yeong Jeong, Choung-Soo Kim
Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma, previously called malignant fibrous histiocytoma, usually arises in the extremities and retroperitoneum. Primary laryngeal undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma is very rare, with only 63 cases having been reported in the literature as of 2015. The disease has a poor prognosis because of problems with local recurrence and metastasis. Wide resection has been recommended as a treatment modality in previous reports. We report a case of undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma of the vocal fold in a 64-year-old man presenting with rapid growth...
December 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Georgios P Fragulidis, Andreas Polydorou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
Wankun Chen, Yajun Xu, Jing Zhong, Huihui Wang, Meilin Weng, Qian Cheng, Qichao Wu, Zhirong Sun, Hui Jiang, Minmin Zhu, Yu Ren, Pingbo Xu, Jiawei Chen, Changhong Miao
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma amplified sequence 1 (MFHAS1) is a predicted oncoprotein that demonstrates tumorigenic activity in vivo; however, the mechanisms involved are unknown. Macrophages are divided into the pro-inflammatory M1 and anti-inflammatory/protumoral M2 subtypes. Tumor cells can induce M2 polarization of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) to promote metastasis; but the underlying pathways require to be elucidated. In this study, we detected a positive association between MFHAS1 expression in TAMs and human colorectal cancer (CRC) TNM stage...
October 21, 2016: Oncotarget
Matthias Benndorf, Jakob Neubauer, Mathias Langer, Elmar Kotter
PURPOSE: In the diagnostic process of primary bone tumors, patient age, tumor localization and to a lesser extent sex affect the differential diagnosis. We therefore aim to develop a pretest probability calculator for primary malignant bone tumors based on population data taking these variables into account. METHODS: We access the SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program of the National Cancer Institute, 2015 release) database and analyze data of all primary malignant bone tumors diagnosed between 1973 and 2012...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Xiaoning Guo, Tang Liu, Xiaoyang Li, Zhihong Li, Dan Peng, Xiangsheng Zhang, Qing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy of the resection of periacetabular malignant tumors and the reconstruction with modular endoprosthesis.
 METHODS: From August 2006 to December 2012, 22 patients with periacetabular malignant tumors, who received the resection and reconstruction with modular prosthesis, were retrospectively reviewed. There were 11 males and 11 females, and the average age was 44 (16-65) years old. Pathological results showed there were 13 cases of chondrosarcoma, 5 cases of osteosarcoma, 2 cases of Ewing's sarcoma, 1 case of maligant fibrous histiocytoma, and 1 case of giant cell tumor...
September 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
G A Frank, Yu Yu Andreeva, L V Moskvina, G D Efremov, S I Samoilova
The paper reviews the 2016 WHO classification of prostate tumors, notes the alterations made, and describes approaches to the diagnosis of cancer types and grades. It also gives original photomicrographs from the authors' collection. The main alterations were as follows: - The types of prostate adenocarcinoma were added by pleomorphic giant-cell carcinoma; oncocytic (8290/3) and lymphoepithelial (8082/3) carcinomas were excluded. - Grade III prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) was substituted for high grade PIN (8148/2)...
July 2016: Arkhiv Patologii
T G Wilson, P Jenkins, A Hoschtitzky, M McCabe
To date, there have been less than a 100 confirmed case reports of primary cardiac malignant fibrous histiocytomas, a rare form of sarcoma. In this report, we discuss the case of a 15-year-old girl who initially presented with a histiocytic cerebral sarcoma that was treated with aggressive resection and chemotherapy. Three years later, the same patient developed increasing shortness of breath and was found to have a high-grade pleomorphic undifferentiated cardiac sarcoma that likely represents the primary tumour from which the cerebral lesion metastasised...
2016: Ecancermedicalscience
Arash Moradi, Abolfazl Afsharfard, Khashayar Atqiaee
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a rare tumor that mostly involves adults aged 50 to 70. The most common anatomic location is the lower extremities. MFH of the retroperitoneum usually manifests late in its course and may be initially mistaken with other more common diagnosis. Here, the authors describe a 60-year-old man that was brought to the emergency department with a chief complaint of periumbilical abdominal pain. Our patient presented with symptoms consistent with a symptomatic aortic aneurysm, but a mass was encountered during surgery...
2016: Case Reports in Surgery
Yu-Ren Chen, Yu-Cheng Kuo, Cheng-Nan Hsu, Te-Chun Hsieh, Chia-Hung Kao
A 68-year-old man underwent serial F-FDG PET/CT scan follow-up for lung cancer. Then 5.5 years after the initial F-FDG PET/CT scan, the presumed benign bone tumor in the left clavicle showed markedly increased FDG uptake during follow-up; in contrast, the Tc-MDP bone scan paradoxically exhibited no apparent interval change since last bone scan 5.5 years earlier. He underwent a CT-guided biopsy, and the pathological diagnosis was benign fibrous histiocytoma. The result was consistent with the lack of progression in Tc-MDP bone scan, whereas the F-FDG PET/CT scan gave a false-positive impression of malignant transformation...
October 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Chee Kiang Tay, Mariko Siyue Koh, Angela Takano, Marie Christine Aubry, William R Sukov, Andrew L Folpe
Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH), a rare soft tissue tumor of borderline malignancy, typically occurs in the subcutis of the accessible soft tissues, most often in children and young adults. Lymph node and/or distant metastasis is seen in <2% of patients with AFH. Exceptionally rare examples of AFH have been reported in visceral locations, including the lung. We report a genetically confirmed primary pulmonary AFH in a 70-year-old woman with mediastinal lymph node metastasis, representing to the best of our knowledge the first report of metastases from a visceral AFH...
August 17, 2016: Human Pathology
Y P Chen, X N Jiang, J P Lu, H Zhang, X Q Li, G Chen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathologic features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of extranodal Rosai-Dorfman disease(RDD)of the breast. METHODS: Twelve cases of extranodal RDD of the breast were analyzed using hematoxylin-eosin stain and immunohistochemical staining.The morphological features and immunophenotype were observed by light microscopy, accompanied with a review of the literature. RESULTS: Twelve cases of extranodal RDD of the breast are presented...
August 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Bülent Özkurt, Kerem Başarır, Yusuf H Yıldız, Mahmut Kalem, Yener Sağlık
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate patients diagnosed with malignant fibrous histiocytoma and investigate the possible prognostic factors associated with duration of survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study, which was conducted between May 1994 and September 2013, included 14 patients diagnosed as malignant fibrous histiocytoma (12 males, 2 females; median age 48 years; range 17 to 64 years). We evaluated patients' demographic features, location of the pathology, histological findings, surgical margins, and treatment modalities and investigated the effects of these parameters on survival...
August 2016: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
Andrzej Smereczyński, Katarzyna Kołaczyk, Elżbieta Bernatowicz
This article focuses on various cancerous lesions that are found beyond organs in the intra-abdominal fat and can be visualized with ultrasonography. These lesions are divided into five groups. The first group includes primary benign tumors containing adipocytes, such as lipoma, lipoblastoma, hibernoma and other lesions with an adipose tissue component, such as myolipoma, angiomyolipoma, myelolipoma and teratoma. The second group comprises primary malignant adipocytecontaining tumors, including liposarcoma and immature teratoma...
June 2016: Journal of Ultrasonography
Francesco Cian, Sarah Whiteoak, Jennifer Stewart
A 12-year-old British Warmblood mare was examined by the referring veterinarian for evaluation of a cutaneous lesion on the dorsal thorax to the right of the midline. Cytologic examination of fine-needle aspirates from the mass was supportive of a giant cell tumor of soft parts (GCTSP). Laser surgical excision and postoperative methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) photodynamic therapy (PDT) were performed. Histologic examination of the mass confirmed the cytologic diagnosis. At 8 months from surgery, no evidence of recurrence has been observed...
September 2016: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Song-Feng Xu, Xiu-Chun Yu, Ming Xu, Yong-Cheng Hu, Xiao-Ping Liu
OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the functional results and emotional acceptance after scapulectomy for various malignant shoulder tumors. METHODS: Eight patients with malignant shoulder tumors who had undergone scapulectomy between April 2004 and March 2014 were retrospectively reviewed. They comprised seven men and one woman their mean age was 54 years (range, 24-69 years). All patients were diagnosed by pathological examination of biopsy specimens. The tumors were metastatic in four cases, having originated from a primary carcinoma of the liver in one patient, the lung in one patient and the kidney in two patients...
May 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
Sung-Bae Park, Seong Kweon Hong
Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) mainly occurs in the extremities, trunk and retroperitoneum. However, MFH of the mesentery is very rare, and locally recurred MFH is even rarer. MFH is severely malignant and invasive regionally. The neoplasm can spread quickly. This report is about a case of a recurred MFH in the mesentery, which locally recurred within 3 years from the original operation. The patient (female, age 71) underwent a resection of the small bowl and mesentery of the recurrent MFH with negative resection margins...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Wuyang Ji, Miner Zhong, Yan You, K E Hu, Bin Wu
A 68-year-old woman was admitted to the Peking Union Medical College Hospital with a 6-week history of fever of undetermined origin. The computed tomography scan revealed a space-occupying lesion in the ascending colon and colonic endoscopy revealed a protrusive lesion in the initial segment of the ascending colon, occupying 3/5 of the lumen. Pathological examination of a biopsy specimen revealed malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH). The patient then underwent a laparotomy for right hemicolectomy and en bloc lymph node dissection...
June 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
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