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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909799/thyroid-gland-visualization-with-3d-4d-ultrasound-integrated-hands-on-imaging-in-anatomical-dissection-laboratory
#1
John L Carter, Ankura Patel, Gabriel Hocum, Brion Benninger
PURPOSE: In teaching anatomy, clinical imaging has been utilized to supplement the traditional dissection laboratory promoting education through visualization of spatial relationships of anatomical structures. Viewing the thyroid gland using 3D/4D ultrasound can be valuable to physicians as well as students learning anatomy. The objective of this study was to investigate the perceptions of first-year medical students regarding the integration of 3D/4D ultrasound visualization of spatial anatomy during anatomical education...
December 1, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909613/the-novel-laparoscopic-training-3d-model-in-urology-with-surgical-anatomic-remarks-fresh-frozen-cadaveric-tissue
#2
REVIEW
Emre Huri, Mehmet Ezer, Eddie Chan
Laparoscopic surgery is routinely used to treat many urological conditions and it is the gold standard treatment option for many surgeries such as radical nephrectomy. Due to the difficulty of learning, laparoscopic training should start outside the operating room. Although it is a very different model of laparoscopic training; the aim of this review is to show the value of human cadaveric model for laparoscopic training and present our experience in this area. Fresh frozen cadaveric model in laparoscopic training, dry lab, cadaveric model, animal models and computer based simulators are the most commonly used models for laparoscopic training...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909002/anatomy-of-subcortical-structures-predicts-age-related-differences-in-skill-acquisition
#3
Sima Chalavi, Hamed Zivari Adab, Lisa Pauwels, Iseult A M Beets, Peter van Ruitenbeek, Matthieu P Boisgontier, Thiago Santos Monteiro, Celine Maes, Stefan Sunaert, Stephan P Swinnen
Skill acquisition capabilities vary substantially from one individual to another. Volumetric brain studies have demonstrated that global volume of several subcortical structures predicts variations in learning outcome in young adults (YA) and older adults (OA). In this study, for the first time, we utilized shape analysis, which offers a more sensitive detection of subregional brain anatomical deformations, to investigate whether subregional anatomy of subcortical structures is associated with training-induced performance improvement on a bimanual task in YA and OA, and whether this association is age-dependent...
November 30, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887620/anatomy-meets-dentistry-linking-anatomy-and-clinical-practice-in-the-preclinical-dental-curriculum
#4
Nicole Rafai, Martin Lemos, Lieven Nils Kennes, Ayichah Hawari, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép, Irmgard Classen-Linke
BACKGROUND: Establishing a strong link early on between preclinical coursework and the clinical context is necessary for students to be able to recognize the practical relevance of the curriculum during their preclinical anatomical courses and to transfer knowledge more easily. Our objective was to enhance the clinical relevance of a preclinical anatomy course for second-year medical students of dentistry by implementing an interdisciplinary skills training course on "Palpation of the Head and Neck Muscles" and to measure the learning outcomes...
November 25, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885151/sushruta-father-of-plastic-surgery-in-benares
#5
Khushbir Bath, Sourabh Aggarwal, Vishal Sharma
Sushruta has been regarded as one of the pioneers of surgery. He performed procedures with crude surgical instruments that paved the path for today's operations. However, his existence is shrouded in myth and mystery. Sushruta belonged to a rich heritage of learned scholars and practiced and taught surgery at Benares University around 600BC. His work is assembled into a monumental thesis, possibly the first text book on surgery, the 'Sushruta Samhita' where he describes surgical instruments, procedures, illnesses, medicinal plants and preparation, dissection and the study of human anatomy, embryology and fractures...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882040/a-new-model-of-master-of-philosophy-in-physiological-sciences
#6
H R Ahmad, F M Arain, N A Khan
The objectives of Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Physiological Sciences are: 1) to describe the new ways in which anatomy, biochemistry and physiology on one hand, and microbiology, pathology and pharmacology on other hand meet their functional requirements through multidisciplinary integrated concepts; 2) to elucidate relationships between cell biology, molecular biology and molecular genetics by connecting dots of how cell functions are driven by molecules and being controlled by genes. This forms the basis of cell, molecular and genetics [CMG] module upon which 7 multidisciplinary modules of Physiological Sciences follow; 3) these 24 credit hours provide the physiological basis for PhD studies as well as faculty development to enhance learning abilities of medical student; 4) the modules constitute Cardio- Respiratory Physiological Sciences, GI and Renal Physiological Sciences, Neurosciences, Endo-Reproductive Physiological Sciences...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870925/quantitative-and-qualitative-analysis-of-student-tutors-as-near-peer-teachers-in-the-gross-anatomy-course
#7
J Walser, A Horneffer, W Oechsner, M Huber-Lang, S Gerhardt-Szep, A Boeckers
INTRODUCTION: Peer teaching is a well-established teaching method in medical education. During the 2012/13 winter term, the Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology in Ulm, Germany, introduced a longitudinal didactics program ("Train the Tutor": TtT) to train student tutors as near-peer teachers (NPT) in the dissection course (DC). Twenty-three of 38 tutors participated in the programme. Our study describes the educational concept and the NPTs' activities in the dissection course. METHODS: NPTs documented their activities on a daily basis in the form of semi-structured reports...
November 18, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870531/evaluation-of-an-innovative-hands-on-anatomy-centered-ultrasound-curriculum-to-supplement-graduate-gross-anatomy-education
#8
Danielle F Royer, Ross Kessler, Jeffrey R Stowell
Ultrasound (US) can enhance anatomy education, yet is incorporated into few non-medical anatomy programs. This study is the first to evaluate the impact of US training in gross anatomy for non-medical students in the United States. All 32 master's students enrolled in gross anatomy with the anatomy-centered ultrasound (ACUS) curriculum were recruited. Mean Likert ratings on pre- and post-course surveys (100% response rates) were compared to evaluate the effectiveness of the ACUS curriculum in developing US confidence, and gauge its impact on views of US...
November 21, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860396/distributed-retrieval-practice-promotes-superior-recall-of-anatomy-information
#9
John L Dobson, Jose Perez, Tracy Linderholm
Effortful retrieval produces greater long-term recall of information when compared to studying (i.e., reading), as do learning sessions that are distributed (i.e., spaced apart) when compared to those that are massed together. Although the retrieval and distributed practice effects are well-established in the cognitive science literature, no studies have examined their additive effect with regard to learning anatomy information. The aim of this study was to determine how the benefits of retrieval practice vary with massed versus distributed learning...
November 16, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836858/assessment-of-first-year-medical-students-perceptions-of-teaching-and-learning-through-team-based-learning-sessions
#10
Adam S Obad, Ahmed A Peeran, Mohammad Abrar Shareef, Wissal J Alsheikh, Dana A Kalagi, Abdulhadi A AlAmodi, Tehreem A Khan, Abdul Ahad Shaikh, Paul Ganguly, Ahmed Yaqinuddin
Team-based learning (TBL) is an emerging teaching and learning strategy being employed in medical schools. The College of Medicine at Alfaisal University has adopted a TBL approach as an instructional method for first-year medical students. The aim of the present study was to describe the TBL method employed at Alfaisal University College of Medicine and to assess first-year medical students' perceptions of this learning modality for the anatomy- and physiology-based blocks/courses in organ systems form of curriculum...
December 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833871/establishing-a-temporal-bone-laboratory-in-teaching-institutes-to-train-future-otorhinolaryngologists-and-fundamentals-of-temporal-bone-laboratory-considerations-and-requirements
#11
David Victor Kumar Irugu, Amit Chirom Singh, Kapil Sikka, J Bhinyaram, Suresh Chandra Sharma
Temporal bone dissection has important role in educating, and training the surgeons. Temporal bone has complicated three dimensional anatomy and it is challenging for young surgeons to understand and operate. Not knowing the anatomy may cause serious consequences to patient due to injury to vital structures. It is important to learn temporal bone harvesting techniques, preservation of specimens, fixation and to reduce the health hazards posed by these specimens by taking safety measures. Spending more time in temporal bone laboratory and repeated dissection of temporal bones provides the skills necessary in the operating room for future generation...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833681/pilot-point-of-care-ultrasound-curriculum-at-harvard-medical-school-early-experience
#12
Joshua S Rempell, Fidencio Saldana, Donald DiSalvo, Navin Kumar, Michael B Stone, Wilma Chan, Jennifer Luz, Vicki E Noble, Andrew Liteplo, Heidi Kimberly, Minna J Kohler
INTRODUCTION: Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is expanding across all medical specialties. As the benefits of US technology are becoming apparent, efforts to integrate US into pre-clinical medical education are growing. Our objective was to describe our process of integrating POCUS as an educational tool into the medical school curriculum and how such efforts are perceived by students. METHODS: This was a pilot study to introduce ultrasonography into the Harvard Medical School curriculum to first- and second-year medical students...
November 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830594/a-digital-anatomical-study-of-the-corona-mortis-in-females
#13
Yan Han, Ping Liu, Chunlin Chen, Hui Duan, Lan Chen, Yikai Xu, Ruiying Chen, Hongxin Pan, Chunmei Zhao, Lei Tang
INTRODUCTION: We used an approach different from traditional anatomy to construct a three-dimensional (3D) model of the corona mortis (CMOR) through contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scanning. This will provide an aid for the understanding of the fine anatomy of the CMOR, as well as surgical procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A medical image processing system was used to process computed tomography scanning data collected from 330 cases of female patients...
November 10, 2016: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830064/evaluating-the-educational-environment-of-an-international-animal-model-based-wet-lab-course-for-undergraduate-students
#14
Michail Ch Sideris, Apostolos E Papalois, Thanos Athanasiou, Ioannis Dimitropoulos, Korina Theodoraki, Francois Sousa Dos Santos, Georgios Paparoidamis, Nikolaos Staikoglou, Dimitrios Pissas, Peter C Whitfield, Alexandros Rampotas, Savvas Papagrigoriadis, Vassilios Papalois, Georgios Zografos, Georgios Tsoulfas
BACKGROUND: Essential Skills in the management of Surgical Cases - ESMSC is an International Combined Applied Surgical Science and Wet Lab course aimed at the undergraduate level. ESMSC combines interactive basic science workshops and case-based learning, with basic surgical training modules (BST) on Ex Vivo and In Vivo swine model. In Vivo Dissections include more advanced modules i.e. Abdominal Anatomy Dissections and Cardiac Transplant. AIM: To evaluate the educational environment of a novel course, as well as to compare Medical students' perceptions across various groups...
December 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826231/mice-lacking-brinp2-or-brinp3-or-both-exhibit-behaviors-consistent-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#15
Susan R Berkowicz, Travis J Featherby, James C Whisstock, Phillip I Bird
Background:Brinps 1-3, and Astrotactins (Astn) 1 and 2, are members of the Membrane Attack Complex/Perforin (MACPF) superfamily that are predominantly expressed in the mammalian brain during development. Genetic variation at the human BRINP2/ASTN1 and BRINP1/ASTN2 loci has been implicated in neurodevelopmental disorders. We, and others, have previously shown that Brinp1(-/-) mice exhibit behavior reminiscent of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Method: We created Brinp2(-/-) mice and Brinp3(-/-) mice via the Cre-mediated LoxP system to investigate the effect of gene deletion on anatomy and behavior...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823593/snorkel-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair-versus-fenestrated-endovascular-aneurysm-repair-is-it-a-competition
#16
REVIEW
Adam Tanious, Jason T Lee, Murray Shames
The endovascular treatment of juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) can be performed by either a standard endovascular stent graft with additional snorkle grafts to aorta branches (snorkel endovascular aneurysm repair) or implantation of a fenestrated stent graft (fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair). While many vascular surgeons consider snorkel endovascular aneurysm repair and fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair to be competing techniques or alternate strategies, published procedural outcomes suggest more complementary roles...
March 2016: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818606/modeling-4d-pathological-changes-by-leveraging-normative-models
#17
Bo Wang, Marcel Prastawa, Andrei Irimia, Avishek Saha, Wei Liu, S Y Matthew Goh, Paul M Vespa, John D Van Horn, Guido Gerig
With the increasing use of efficient multimodal 3D imaging, clinicians are able to access longitudinal imaging to stage pathological diseases, to monitor the efficacy of therapeutic interventions, or to assess and quantify rehabilitation efforts. Analysis of such four-dimensional (4D) image data presenting pathologies, including disappearing and newly appearing lesions, represents a significant challenge due to the presence of complex spatio-temporal changes. Image analysis methods for such 4D image data have to include not only a concept for joint segmentation of 3D datasets to account for inherent correlations of subject-specific repeated scans but also a mechanism to account for large deformations and the destruction and formation of lesions (e...
October 2016: Computer Vision and Image Understanding: CVIU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806192/medical-student-use-of-facebook-to-support-preparation-for-anatomy-assessments
#18
James D Pickering, Suzanne R Bickerdike
The use of Facebook to support students is an emerging area of educational research. This study explored how a Facebook Page could support Year 2 medical (MBChB) students in preparation for summative anatomy assessments and alleviate test anxiety. Overall, Facebook analytics revealed that in total 49 (19.8% of entire cohort) students posted a comment in preparation for either the first (33 students) or second (34) summative anatomy assessments. 18 students commented in preparation for both. In total, 155 comments were posted, with 83 for the first and 72 for the second...
November 2, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802370/online-dissection-audio-visual-resources-for-human-anatomy-undergraduate-medical-students-usage-and-learning-outcomes
#19
Derek L Choi-Lundberg, William A Cuellar, Anne-Marie M Williams
In an attempt to improve undergraduate medical student preparation for and learning from dissection sessions, dissection audio-visual resources (DAVR) were developed. Data from e-learning management systems indicated DAVR were accessed by 28% ± 10 (mean ± SD for nine DAVR across three years) of students prior to the corresponding dissection sessions, representing at most 58% ± 20 of assigned dissectors. Approximately 50% of students accessed all available DAVR by the end of semester, while 10% accessed none...
November 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790469/student-project-in-anatomy-spa-making-the-first-year-medical-students-responsible-and-creative
#20
Satheesha B Nayak, Snigdha Mishra, Bincy M George, Naveen Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Creativity is a combination of ones' capacity to think outside the box, the gained knowledge and the passion for creating something. It very easily and effectively provides the creator a chance to be responsible for his/her creation and acts as a confidence booster for him/her. Creativity is inherent, but needs to be polished and nurtured. If nurtured well through proper motivation, the creator excels leaps and bounds. It develops an empathetic behaviour in the creator, when he allows his creations to be used by others...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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