keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

anatomy learning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637483/analyzing-human-decisions-in-igrt-of-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-to-teach-image-registration-algorithms-what-experts-know
#1
Eva Maria Stoiber, Nina Bougatf, Hendrik Teske, Christian Bierstedt, Dieter Oetzel, Jürgen Debus, Rolf Bendl, Kristina Giske
BACKGROUND: In IGRT of deformable head-and-neck anatomy, patient setup corrections are derived by rigid registration methods. In practice, experienced radiation therapists often correct the resulting vectors, thus indicating a different prioritization of alignment of local structures. Purpose of this study is to transfer the knowledge experts apply when correcting the automatically generated result (pre-match) to automated registration. METHODS: Datasets of 25 head-and-neck-cancer patients with daily CBCTs and corresponding approved setup correction vectors were analyzed...
June 21, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631297/an-augmented-reality-tool-for-learning-spatial-anatomy-on-mobile-devices
#2
Nishant Jain, Patricia Youngblood, Matthew Hasel, Sakti Srivastava
INTRODUCTION: Augmented Realty (AR) offers a novel method of blending virtual and real anatomy for intuitive spatial learning. Our first aim in the study was to create a prototype AR tool for mobile devices. Our second aim was to complete a technical evaluation of our prototype AR tool focused on measuring the system's ability to accurately render digital content in the real world. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We imported Computed Tomography (CT) data derived virtual surface models into a 3D Unity engine environment and implemented an AR algorithm to display these on mobile devices...
June 20, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628732/understanding-neurophobia-reasons-behind-impaired-understanding-and-learning-of-neuroanatomy-in-cross-disciplinary-healthcare-students
#3
Muhammad Asim Javaid, Shelly Chakraborty, John F Cryan, Harriët Schellekens, André Toulouse
Recent studies have highlighted a fear or difficulty with the study and understanding of neuroanatomy among medical and healthcare students. This has been linked with a diminished confidence of clinical practitioners and students to manage patients with neurological conditions. The underlying reasons for this difficulty have been queried among a broad cohort of medical, dental, occupational therapy, and speech and language sciences students. Direct evidence of the students' perception regarding specific difficulties associated with learning neuroanatomy has been provided and some of the measures required to address these issues have been identified...
June 19, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624845/web-based-teaching-video-packages-on-anatomical-education
#4
Mehmet Asim Ozer, Figen Govsa, Ayse Hilal Bati
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to study the effect of web-based teaching video packages on medical students' satisfaction during gross anatomy education. The objective was to test the hypothesis that individual preference, which can be related to learning style, influences individual utilization of the video packages developed specifically for the undergraduate medical curriculum. METHODS: Web-based teaching video packages consisting of Closed Circuit Audiovisual System and Distance Education of Anatomy were prepared...
June 17, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619402/global-health-values-of-a-multidirectional-near-peer-training-program-in-surgery-pathology-anatomy-research-methodology-and-medical-education-for-haitian-rwandan-and-canadian-medical-students
#5
Malik Elharram, Trish Dinh, Annie Lalande, Susan Ge, Sophie Gao, Geoffroy Noël
BACKGROUND: As health care delivery increasingly requires providers to cross international borders, medical students at McGill University, Canada, developed a multidirectional exchange program with Haiti and Rwanda. The program integrates surgery, pathology, anatomy, research methodology, and medical education. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to explore the global health value of this international training program to improve medical education within the environment of developing countries, such as Haiti and Rwanda, while improving sociocultural learning of Canadian students...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608992/student-and-recent-graduate-perspectives-on-radiological-imaging-instruction-during-basic-anatomy-courses
#6
Andrew W Phillips, Hunter Eason, Christopher M Straus
Recently, faculty at Pritzker School of Medicine, The University of Chicago, have made efforts to improve the depth of radiological anatomy knowledge that students have, but no insights exist as to student and resident opinions of how clinically helpful deep anatomical understanding is. A single-institution survey of second- and fourth-year medical students and postgraduate year 1-4 residents from 11 specialties, composed of five-point Likert questions, sample examination questions, and narrative response questions, was distributed in 2015...
June 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608954/experience-from-an-optional-dissection-course-in-a-clinically-orientated-concept-to-complement-system-based-anatomy-in-a-reformed-curriculum
#7
Elisabeth Eppler, Steffen Serowy, Karl Link, Luis Filgueira
Profound anatomical knowledge is the basis for modern demands in medicine and surgery, but many countries worldwide including Australia and New Zealand have discontinued offering dissection courses to medical and dental students during the past decades. This educational project done in Australia aimed at enhancing basic and advanced anatomy teaching by engaging a sub-group of second-year undergraduate students of a compulsory prosection- and model-based anatomy course (n = 54/170) in an optional multimodal course, which should easily articulate with a vertical curriculum...
June 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603907/a-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-a-low-cost-3d-printed-bronchoscopy-simulator
#8
T H Pedersen, J Gysin, A Wegmann, M Osswald, S R Ott, L Theiler, R Greif
Low-fidelity, simulation-based psychomotor skills training is a valuable first step in the educational approach to mastering complex procedural skills. We developed a cost-effective bronchial tree simulator based on a human thorax computed tomography scan using rapid-prototyping (3D-print) technology. This randomised, single-blind study evaluated how realistic our 3D-printed simulator would mimic human anatomy compared with commercially available bronchial tree simulators (Laerdal(®) Airway Management Trainer with Bronchial Tree and AirSim Advance Bronchi, Stavanger, Norway)...
June 12, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602884/autostereoscopic-3d-neuronavigation-to-the-sella-technical-note
#9
A Nimer Amr, Jens Conrad, Sven Kantelhardt, Alf Giese
BACKGROUND: A drawback of conventional neuronavigation is the necessity of focusing on 2D-images in three planes at the same time to determine one's position in the operation field. A solution would be to merge the images into a single 3D-image that mirrors the actual anatomy. This solution has hitherto been hindered by technical limitations. The introduction of holographic-glassless 3D-monitors paved the way to 3D-navigation. OBJECTIVE: We present our experience with 3D-neuronavigation as exemplified by navigation to and within the sella...
June 5, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599822/a-large-scale-peer-teaching-programme-acceptance-and-benefit
#10
Elisabeth Schuetz, Barbara Obirei, Daniela Salat, Julia Scholz, Dagmar Hann, Kathrin Dethleffsen
INTRODUCTION: The involvement of students in the embodiment of university teaching through peer-assisted learning formats is commonly applied. Publications on this topic exclusively focus on strictly defined situations within the curriculum and selected target groups. This study, in contrast, presents and evaluates a large-scale structured and quality-assured peer teaching programme, which offers diverse and targeted courses throughout the preclinical part of the medical curriculum. METHODS: The large-scale peer teaching programme consists of subject specific and interdisciplinary tutorials that address all scientific, physiological and anatomic subjects of the preclinical curriculum as well as tutorials with contents exceeding the formal curriculum...
June 6, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592695/unravelling-the-role-of-the-hippocampus-in-reversal-learning
#11
Adrià Vilà-Balló, Ernest Mas-Herrero, Pablo Ripollés, Marta Simó, Júlia Miró, David Cucurell, Diana López-Barroso, Montserrat Juncadella, Josep Marco-Pallarés, Mercè Falip, Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells
Research in reversal learning has mainly focused on the functional role of dopamine and striatal structures in driving behavior on the basis of classic reinforcement learning mechanisms. However, recent evidence indicates that beyond classic RL adaptations, individuals may also learn the inherent task structure and anticipate the occurrence of reversals. A candidate structure to support such task representation is the hippocampus, which might create a flexible representation of the environment that can be adaptively applied to goal-directed behavior...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589063/teaching-the-retropubic-midurethral-sling-using-a-novel-cadaver-and-model-based-approach
#12
Sallie Oliphant, Eliza Beth Littleton, Gabriella Gosman, Gary Sutkin
OBJECTIVE: To measure the impact of a model-based teaching program on resident comfort and skill with retropubic midurethral sling (MUS). STUDY DESIGN: Residents were assessed before and after a retropubic MUS teaching session, which included a brief lecture and three interactive teaching stations (cadaver pelvis, retropubic MUS pelvic model, cystoscopy model). Self-assessment measures included MUS-related visual analog scale (VAS), Likert, and open-ended questions...
May 2, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585747/a-biologically-plausible-action-selection-system-for-cognitive-architectures-implications-of-basal-ganglia-anatomy-for-learning-and-decision-making-models
#13
Andrea Stocco
Several attempts have been made previously to provide a biological grounding for cognitive architectures by relating their components to the computations of specific brain circuits. Often, the architecture's action selection system is identified with the basal ganglia. However, this identification overlooks one of the most important features of the basal ganglia-the existence of a direct and an indirect pathway that compete against each other. This characteristic has important consequences in decision-making tasks, which are brought to light by Parkinson's disease as well as genetic differences in dopamine receptors...
June 6, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581912/use-of-a-garment-as-an-alternative-to-body-painting-in-equine-musculoskeletal-anatomy-teaching
#14
Mariana M Sattin, Vickitoriana K A Silva, Rafael M Leandro, Roberto P P Foz Filho, Mauricio M De Silvio
Living anatomy is gaining increasing popularity as an alternative to the use of preserved cadaver specimens in musculoskeletal anatomy teaching. This article describes the development of a garment painted with musculoskeletal structures as an alternative to body painting. Garments offer some advantages over traditional body painting in anatomy teaching. The technique can be used across different disciplines, enhances students' ability to identify anatomic structures in living bodies, and provides insights into the topography of one or more body systems at the same time...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581279/improved-software-to-browse-the-serial-medical-images-for-learning
#15
Koojoo Kwon, Min Suk Chung, Jin Seo Park, Byeong Seok Shin, Beom Sun Chung
The thousands of serial images used for medical pedagogy cannot be included in a printed book; they also cannot be efficiently handled by ordinary image viewer software. The purpose of this study was to provide browsing software to grasp serial medical images efficiently. The primary function of the newly programmed software was to select images using 3 types of interfaces: buttons or a horizontal scroll bar, a vertical scroll bar, and a checkbox. The secondary function was to show the names of the structures that had been outlined on the images...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580526/deformable-appearance-pyramids-for-anatomy-representation-landmark-detection-and-pathology-classification
#16
Qiang Zhang, Abhir Bhalerao, Charles Hutchinson
PURPOSE: Representation of anatomy appearance is one of the key problems in medical image analysis. An appearance model represents the anatomies with parametric forms, which are then vectorised for prior learning, segmentation and classification tasks. METHODS: We propose a part-based parametric appearance model we refer to as a deformable appearance pyramid (DAP). The parts are delineated by multi-scale local feature pyramids extracted from an image pyramid. Each anatomy is represented by an appearance pyramid, with the variability within a population approximated by local translations of the multi-scale parts and linear appearance variations in the assembly of the parts...
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578926/the-use-of-porcine-corrosion-casts-for-teaching-human-anatomy
#17
Lada Eberlova, Vaclav Liska, Hynek Mirka, Zbynek Tonar, Stanislav Haviar, Milos Svoboda, Jan Benes, Richard Palek, Michal Eminger, Jachym Rosendorf, Patrik Mik, Sarah Leupen, Alois Lametschwandtner
In teaching and learning human anatomy, anatomical autopsy and prosected specimens have always been indispensable. However, alternative methods must often be used to demonstrate particularly delicate structures. Corrosion casting of porcine organs with Biodur E20(®) Plus is valuable for teaching and learning both gross anatomy and, uniquely, the micromorphology of cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, and urogenital systems. Assessments of casts with a stereomicroscope and/or scanning electron microscope as well as highlighting cast structures using color coding help students to better understand how the structures that they have observed as two-dimensional images actually exist in three dimensions, and students found using the casts to be highly effective in their learning...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575538/willingness-toward-organ-and-body-donation-among-anatomy-professors-and-students-in-mexico
#18
Alejandro Quiroga-Garza, Cynthia Guadalupe Reyes-Hernández, Pablo Patricio Zarate-Garza, Claudia Nallely Esparza-Hernández, Jorge Gutierrez-de la O, David de la Fuente-Villarreal, Rodrigo Enrique Elizondo-Omaña, Santos Guzman-Lopez
Most anatomists agree that cadaver dissection serves as a superior teaching tool in human anatomy education. However, attitudes toward body donation vary widely between different individuals. A questionnaire was developed to determine the attitudes toward body and organ donation among those who learn the most from cadavers: medical students, medical student teaching assistants, medical students involved in research, and anatomy professors. A cross-sectional, prospective study was designed in which the questionnaire was distributed among first-year human anatomy students before undertaking cadaver dissection at the beginning of the semester, and then again after a commemoration service at the end of the course...
June 2, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575530/the-skeletons-in-our-closet-e-learning-tools-and-what-happens-when-one-side-does-not-fit-all
#19
Sonya E Van Nuland, Kem A Rogers
In the anatomical sciences, e-learning tools have become a critical component of teaching anatomy when physical space and cadaveric resources are limited. However, studies that use empirical evidence to compare their efficacy to visual-kinesthetic learning modalities are scarce. The study examined how a visual-kinesthetic experience, involving a physical skeleton, impacts learning when compared with virtual manipulation of a simple two-dimensional (2D) e-learning tool, A.D.A.M. Interactive Anatomy. Students from The University of Western Ontario, Canada (n = 77) participated in a dual-task study to: (1) investigate if a dual-task paradigm is an effective tool for measuring cognitive load across these different learning modalities; and (2) to assess the impact of knowledge recall and spatial ability when using them...
June 2, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559176/results-from-multiple-prospective-single-center-clinical-trials-of-the-off-the-shelf-p-branch-fenestrated-stent-graft
#20
Mark A Farber, Matthew J Eagleton, Tara M Mastracci, James F McKinsey, Raghuveer Vallabhaneni, Björn Sonesson, Nuno Dias, Timothy Resch
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to report prospective data of an off-the-shelf fenestrated endograft (Zenith p-Branch; Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind) from four centers for the treatment of patients with pararenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: Data were combined from four single-center investigational studies conducted in the United States and Europe. The p-Branch endograft consists of a proximal off-the-shelf component incorporating a scallop for the celiac artery, a superior mesenteric artery fenestration, and two conical pivot fenestrations to preserve flow to the renal vessels...
May 27, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
keyword
keyword
50799
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"