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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341812/optional-anatomy-and-physiology-e-learning-resources-student-access-learning-approaches-and-academic-outcomes
#1
Richard Guy, Bruce Byrne, Marian Dobos
Anatomy and physiology interactive video clips were introduced into a blended learning environment, as an optional resource, and were accessed by ~50% of the cohort. Student feedback indicated that clips were engaging, assisted understanding of course content, and provided lecture support. Students could also access two other optional online resources, lecture capture recordings and an interactive atlas of anatomy, and individuals were tracked with respect to their access behavior, learning approach, and subject score...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338131/gross-anatomy-education-for-south-african-undergraduate-physiotherapy-students
#2
Dorothy A Shead, Ronel Roos, Benita Olivier, Amadi O Ihunwo
Eight faculties in South Africa offer undergraduate physiotherapy training with gross anatomy included as a basis for clinical practice. Little information exists about anatomy education for this student body. A 42-question peer-reviewed survey was distributed to physiotherapy gross anatomy course coordinators in all the eight faculties. Seven coordinators from six (75%) of the universities responded. Two respondents' data from the same university were pooled. Collected data show that staff qualifications and experience varied widely and high to average staff to student ratios exist between faculties...
January 16, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338121/does-confucianism-allow-for-body-donation
#3
REVIEW
D Gareth Jones, Jing-Bao Nie
Confucianism has been widely perceived as a major moral and cultural obstacle to the donation of bodies for anatomical purposes. The rationale for this is the Confucian stress on xiao (filial piety), whereby individuals' bodies are to be intact at death. In the view of many, the result is a prohibition on the donation of bodies to anatomy departments for the purpose of dissection. The role of dissection throughout the development of anatomy within a Confucian context is traced, and in contemporary China the establishment of donation programs and the appearance of memorial monuments is noted...
January 16, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334421/a-survey-of-tooth-morphology-teaching-methods-employed-in-the-united-kingdom-and-ireland
#4
M Lone, J P McKenna, J F Cryan, E J Downer, A Toulouse
BACKGROUND: Tooth morphology is a central component of the dental curriculum and is applicable to all dental specialities. Traditional teaching methods are being supplemented with innovative strategies to tailor teaching and accommodate the learning styles of the recent generation of students. METHODS: An online survey was compiled and distributed to the staff involved in teaching tooth morphology in the United Kingdom and Ireland to assess the importance of tooth morphology in the dentistry curriculum and the methodologies employed in teaching...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314722/influence-of-study-approaches-and-course-design-on-academic-success-in-the-undergraduate-anatomy-laboratory
#5
Courtney D Eleazer, Rebecca Scopa Kelso
Many pre-health professional programs require completion of an undergraduate anatomy course with a laboratory component, yet grades in these courses are often low. Many students perceive anatomy as a more challenging subject than other coursework, and the resulting anxiety surrounding this perception may be a significant contributor to poor performance. Well-planned and deliberate guidance from instructors, as well as thoughtful course design, may be necessary to assist students in finding the best approach to studying for anatomy...
January 4, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291066/incubation-environment-impacts-the-social-cognition-of-adult-lizards
#6
Harry Siviter, D Charles Deeming, M F T van Giezen, Anna Wilkinson
Recent work exploring the relationship between early environmental conditions and cognition has shown that incubation environment can influence both brain anatomy and performance in simple operant tasks in young lizards. It is currently unknown how it impacts other, potentially more sophisticated, cognitive processes. Social-cognitive abilities, such as gaze following and social learning, are thought to be highly adaptive as they provide a short-cut to acquiring new information. Here, we investigated whether egg incubation temperature influenced two aspects of social cognition, gaze following and social learning in adult reptiles (Pogona vitticeps)...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287862/using-simulators-to-teach-pediatric-airway-procedures-in-an-international-setting
#7
Marissa A Schwartz, Katherine R Kavanagh, Steven J Frampton, Iain A Bruce, Tulio A Valdez
INTRODUCTION: There has been a growing shift towards endoscopic management of laryngeal procedures in pediatric otolaryngology. There still appears to be a shortage of pediatric otolaryngology programs and children's hospitals worldwide where physicians can learn and practice these skills. Laryngeal simulation models have the potential to be part of the educational training of physicians who lack exposure to relatively uncommon pediatric otolaryngologic pathology. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the utility of pediatric laryngeal models to teach laryngeal pathology to physicians at an international meeting...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283505/application-of-flipped-classroom-pedagogy-to-the-human-gross-anatomy-laboratory-student-preferences-and-learning-outcomes
#8
Timothy R Fleagle, Nicholas C Borcherding, Jennie Harris, Darren S Hoffmann
To improve student preparedness for anatomy laboratory dissection, the dental gross anatomy laboratory was transformed using flipped classroom pedagogy. Instead of spending class time explaining the procedures and anatomical structures for each laboratory, students were provided online materials to prepare for laboratory on their own. Eliminating in-class preparation provided the opportunity to end each period with integrative group activities that connected laboratory and lecture material and explored clinical correlations...
December 28, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251831/a-longitudinal-study-in-learning-preferences-and-academic-performance-in-first-year-medical-school
#9
Yenya Hu, Hong Gao, Marcia M Wofford, Claudio Violato
This is a longitudinal study of first year medical students that investigates the relationship between the pattern change of the learning preferences and academic performance. Using the visual, auditory, reading-writing, and kinesthetic inventory at the beginning of the first and second year for the same class, it was found that within the first year, 36% of the class remained unimodal (single) modality learners (SS), 14% changed from unimodal to multimodality learners (SM), 27% changed from multimodality to unimodal modality learners (MS) and 21% remained as multimodality learners (MM)...
December 18, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243452/laparoscopic-appendectomy
#10
Ville Sallinen, Panu Mentula
Laparoscopic appendectomy has practically replaced open surgery. Appendectomy, i.e. surgical excision of the appendix, is one of the most common procedures of a specializing surgeon, and serves to help learn the basics of laparoscopy - first by following and later independently performing the operation. Properative preparation, precise diagnosis, correct surgical technique and follow-up treatment are the cornerstones of successful care. The anatomy of the patient must be considered in the placement of trocars...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236359/the-relationship-between-student-engagement-with-online-content-and-achievement-in-a-blended-learning-anatomy-course
#11
Rodney A Green, Laura Y Whitburn, Anita Zacharias, Graeme Byrne, Diane L Hughes
Blended learning has become increasingly common in higher education. Recent findings suggest that blended learning achieves better student outcomes than traditional face-to-face teaching in gross anatomy courses. While face-to-face content is perceived as important to learning there is less evidence for the significance of online content in improving student outcomes. Students enrolled in a second-year anatomy course from the physiotherapy (PT), exercise physiology (EP), and exercise science (ES) programs across two campuses were included (n = 500)...
December 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236354/how-comprehensive-are-research-studies-investigating-the-efficacy-of-technology-enhanced-learning-resources-in-anatomy-education-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Lauren Clunie, Neil P Morris, Viktoria C T Joynes, James D Pickering
Anatomy education is at the forefront of integrating innovative technologies into its curricula. However, despite this rise in technology numerous authors have commented on the shortfall in efficacy studies to assess the impact such technology-enhanced learning (TEL) resources have on learning. To assess the range of evaluation approaches to TEL across anatomy education, a systematic review was conducted using MEDLINE, the Educational Resources Information Centre (ERIC), Scopus, and Google Scholar, with a total of 3,345 articles retrieved...
December 13, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235388/early-outcomes-of-the-t-branch-off-the-shelf-multibranched-stent-graft-in-urgent-thoracoabdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#13
Konstantinos Spanos, Tilo Kölbel, Myrto Theodorakopoulou, Franziska Heidemann, Fiona Rohlffs, Eike Sebastian Debus, Nikolaos Tsilimparis
PURPOSE: To assess the short-term outcomes of the multibranched off-the-shelf t-Branch stent-graft for urgent thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair and to evaluate the impact on outcomes of the learning curve and adherence to the instruction for use (IFU). METHODS: Between 2014 and 2017, 42 patients (mean age 73.3±7 years; 26 men) underwent urgent TAAA treatment using the t-Branch stent-graft [18 in the early (2014-2015) period and 24 in the late (2016-2017) period]...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229445/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography
#14
REVIEW
Richard F Spaide, James G Fujimoto, Nadia K Waheed, Srinivas R Sadda, Giovanni Staurenghi
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was one of the biggest advances in ophthalmic imaging. Building on that platform, OCT angiography (OCTA) provides depth resolved images of blood flow in the retina and choroid with levels of detailed far exceeding that obtained with older forms of imaging. This new modality is challenging because of the need for new equipment and processing techniques, current limitations of imaging capability, and rapid advancements in both imaging and in our understanding of the imaging and applicable pathophysiology of the retina and choroid, and the requirement for understanding the origins of image artifacts...
December 8, 2017: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225162/can-ultrasound-be-used-to-improve-the-palpation-skills-of-physicians-in-training-a-prospective-study
#15
Ryan Woods, Steve J Wisniewski, Daniel R Lueders, Thomas P Pittelkow, Dirk R Larson, Jonathan T Finnoff
BACKGROUND: Accurate diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders relies heavily upon the physical examination, including accurate palpation of musculoskeletal structures. The literature has suggested there has been deterioration of physical examination skills among medical students and residents in part due to increased reliance on advanced imaging. It has been shown that knowledge of musculoskeletal anatomy and physical examination skills improve with the use of ultrasound; however, the literature is limited...
December 7, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205960/what-do-medical-students-learn-from-dissection
#16
Natasha A M S Flack, Helen D Nicholson
Dissection has long been the accepted method for teaching anatomy to medical students. More recently, some educators have suggested that easier, cheaper, alternative methods are just as effective. But what do the students think? This paper aimed to identify what undergraduate medical students learn, how they cope, and what effects participating in dissection has on them as individuals. A cohort of 267 second year medical students at Otago Medical School were invited to complete three online surveys; before their first dissection laboratory class, after their first musculoskeletal system dissection and following the last semester of studying anatomy...
December 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205947/online-instructional-anatomy-videos-student-usage-self-efficacy-and-performance-in-upper-limb-regional-anatomy-assessment
#17
Tracey Langfield, Kay Colthorpe, Louise Ainscough
Allied health professionals concur that a sound knowledge of practical gross anatomy is vital for the clinician, however, human anatomy courses in allied health programs have been identified as high-risk for attrition and failure. While anatomists and clinicians agree that learning anatomy via human cadaveric instruction is the preferred method, students vary in their reaction to the cadaveric learning experience and have differing levels of anatomy self-efficacy. This study investigated whether student self-efficacy had an effect on student usage of supplemental instructional videos and whether the use of videos had an impact on student self-efficacy and/or learning...
December 4, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204737/initial-slovenian-experience-with-mitraclip-therapy-careful-selection-of-patients-is-crucial-for-optimal-outcome
#18
Jana Ambrožič, Marta Cvijič, Mojca Bervar, Špela Mušič, Matjaž Bunc
BACKGROUND: MitraClip is a percutaneous mitral repair technology increasingly used for high surgical risk patients with primary or secondary mitral regurgitation. We describe initial Slovenian experience with MitraClip and discuss the importance of identifying the suitable candidates for this procedure. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the first 10 patients (mean age 75.6 ± 6.9 years, logistic Euroscore 28.4 ± 10.9%) with severe and moderate to severe mitral regurgitation (8 secondary, 1 primary and 1 mixed etiology) who underwent a MitraClip procedure between January 2015 and February 2017...
December 4, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198688/hanging-hepato-atrial-anastomosis-in-deceased-donor-liver-transplantation-for-budd-chiari-syndrome-with-extensive-vena-cava-obliteration-a-case-report
#19
S Y Hong, B-W Kim, H-J Wang, I-G Kim, X-G Hu
INTRODUCTION: Although outcomes of liver transplantation (LT) have improved as the result of progress in surgical procedures, a failure to restore sufficient graft outflow may yield fatal consequences including graft dysfunction and even graft loss to date. In particular, patients with pre-existing obliterated venous drainage, such as those with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS), are at high risk of having venous complications followed by conventional LT. In selected cases, the transplant surgeons are compelled to modify the surgical procedures of LT from the conventional procedure...
December 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197705/a-real-time-and-registration-free-framework-for-dynamic-shape-instantiation
#20
Xiao-Yun Zhou, Guang-Zhong Yang, Su-Lin Lee
Real-time 3D navigation during minimally invasive procedures is an essential yet challenging task, especially when considerable tissue motion is involved. To balance image acquisition speed and resolution, only 2D images or low-resolution 3D volumes can be used clinically. In this paper, a real-time and registration-free framework for dynamic shape instantiation, generalizable to multiple anatomical applications, is proposed to instantiate high-resolution 3D shapes of an organ from a single 2D image intra-operatively...
November 30, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
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