keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

anatomy learning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774599/deep-convolutional-neural-network-for-segmentation-of-knee-joint-anatomy
#1
Zhaoye Zhou, Gengyan Zhao, Richard Kijowski, Fang Liu
PURPOSE: To describe and evaluate a new segmentation method using deep convolutional neural network (CNN), 3D fully connected conditional random field (CRF), and 3D simplex deformable modeling to improve the efficiency and accuracy of knee joint tissue segmentation. METHODS: A segmentation pipeline was built by combining a semantic segmentation CNN, 3D fully connected CRF, and 3D simplex deformable modeling. A convolutional encoder-decoder network was designed as the core of the segmentation method to perform high resolution pixel-wise multi-class tissue classification for 12 different joint structures...
May 17, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769495/analyses-of-the-neuroanatomy-portion-of-the-anatomy-question-papers-for-written-summative-assessment-at-the-medical-undergraduate-level-in-bangladesh
#2
M Akter, K M Shamim, N F Amin
Neuroanatomy is a vital part of the undergraduate medical (MBBS) Anatomy curriculum of different universities of Bangladesh. The teaching-learning and assessment of Neuroanatomy have gone through significant changes in current times in various parts of the world. Neuroanatomy textbooks are supposed to be useful reflectors of these changes and of the present inclinations. The importance of an understanding approach towards Neuroanatomy is beyond doubt. Consequently, the contemporary Neuroanatomy books are inclined more towards an understanding approach in their presentation...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769058/efficacy-of-standardized-training-on-a-virtual-reality-simulator-to-advance-knee-and-shoulder-arthroscopic-motor-skills
#3
Stefan Rahm, Karl Wieser, David E Bauer, Felix Wa Waibel, Dominik C Meyer, Christian Gerber, Sandro F Fucentese
BACKGROUND: Most studies demonstrated, that training on a virtual reality based arthroscopy simulator leads to an improvement of technical skills in orthopaedic surgery. However, how long and what kind of training is optimal for young residents is unknown. In this study we tested the efficacy of a standardized, competency based training protocol on a validated virtual reality based knee- and shoulder arthroscopy simulator. METHODS: Twenty residents and five experts in arthroscopy were included...
May 16, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767571/student-perceptions-of-veterinary-anatomy-practical-classes-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Erica Gummery, Kate A Cobb, Liz H Mossop, Malcolm A Cobb
Using cadaveric material to teach veterinary students poses many challenges. However, little research exists on the contribution of this traditional approach to student learning. This longitudinal study aimed to investigate student perceptions of cadaver-based anatomy classes in a vertically integrated veterinary curriculum at the University of Nottingham's School of Veterinary Medicine and Science. Likert-scale statements and free-text boxes were used in a questionnaire distributed to second-year veterinary students (response rate 59%, 61/103)...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762912/professional-and-personal-competency-development-in-near-peer-tutors-of-gross-anatomy-a-longitudinal-mixed-methods-study
#5
Simone Alvarez, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
There are many benefits to peer and near-peer tutoring. The current literature suggests that near-peer teaching within the domain of gross anatomy may lead to the development of numerous competencies for burgeoning medical professionals. The aim of this study was a quantitative and qualitative approach to explore which professional and personal competencies anatomy tutors developed as a result of their teaching activities in a gross anatomy course at a medical school in Germany. For a period of 18 months, 24 peer tutors were followed and queried multiple times via questionnaire and semi-structured interviews...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762904/the-design-and-evaluation-of-a-master-of-science-program-in-anatomical-sciences-at-queen-s-university-canada
#6
Klodiana Kolomitro, Leslie W MacKenzie, David Wiercigroch, Lorraine Godden
The purpose of this study was to describe the design and evolution of a unique and successful Master of Science program in anatomical sciences at one Canadian post-secondary institution and to evaluate its long-term impact on student learning. This program prepares students to teach anatomy and design curricula in the anatomical sciences and is structured around three pillars of competency-content (disciplinary knowledge and transferable skills), pedagogy, and inquiry. Graduates of the program from the last ten years were surveyed, to better understand the knowledge, skills, and habits of mind they have adopted and implemented since completion...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762903/the-role-of-anatomy-computer-assisted-learning-on-spatial-abilities-of-medical-students
#7
Bruno Guimarães, João Firmino-Machado, Stanislav Tsisar, Benedita Viana, Marco Pinto-Sousa, Pedro Vieira-Marques, Ricardo Cruz-Correia, Maria Amélia Ferreira
Currently, medical education context poses different challenges to anatomy, contributing to the introduction of new pedagogical approaches, such as computer-assisted learning (CAL). This approach provides insight into students' learning profiles and skills that enhance anatomy knowledge acquisition. To understand the influence of anatomy CAL on spatial abilities, a study was conducted. A total of 671 medical students attending Musculoskeletal (MA) and Cardiovascular Anatomy (CA) courses, were allocated to one of three groups (MA Group, CA Group, MA + CA Group)...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761077/anatomical-cadaver-study-of-endolaryngeal-vascularization-focus-on-the-glottis-supraglottis-and-subglottis-from-the-transoral-microsurgical-point-of-view
#8
Pietro Perotti, Marco Ferrari, Nausica Montalto, Davide Lancini, Alberto Paderno, Fabiola Incandela, Barbara Buffoli, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella, Cesare Piazza
Introduction: Carbon dioxide laser coagulation during transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) for laryngeal cancer allows control of bleeding from vessels smaller than 0.5 mm. Therefore, larger arteries and veins must be carefully managed by clipping and/or monopolar cautery. The aim of this paper is to detail endolaryngeal vascular anatomy and identify areas of possible bleeding during TLM. Methods: We performed an anatomical study on a series of 11 fresh-frozen human cadavers...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760363/-education-of-physiology-in-nursing-school-common-issues-and-measures-with-pharmacology
#9
Yuka Saeki
Anatomy, physiology or pharmacology is the important subject in nursing education. Nursing education is established in a law since 1951. Although the law is revised many times according to social situation, the subjects like physiology have been positioned as a basic specialized subject in the law now. Physiology is educated at 1st grade in most nursing school. However, there are some problems in educating physiology. First, academic ability in nursing students tend to decline recently. For example, there are some students who cannot solve simple arithmetic...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759952/head-and-neck-anatomy-effect-of-focussed-near-peer-teaching-on-anatomical-confidence-in-undergraduate-medical-students
#10
Simon Morris, Max Sallis Osborne, Duncan Bowyer
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of near-peer head and neck anatomy teaching on undergraduates and to quantify the benefit from a focussed teaching course. Near-peer teaching involves colleagues within close seniority and age proximity teaching one another on a specified topic. DESIGN: Small group teaching sessions were delivered to medical students on 3 key areas of ENT anatomy. Participants were given a precourse and postcourse questionnaire to determine the benefit attained from the course...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757817/brief-report-of-a-novel-advanced-practice-provider-led-course-for-ultrasound-novices
#11
Christan D Santos, Mariah Q Rose, Amanda D Tomlinson, Diane C McLaughlin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Formal training for ultrasound use is essential for critical care providers. Despite a national increase in the utilization of advanced practice providers in critical care, ultrasound education is not routinely provided in their training programs. This study describes and evaluates a 1-day advanced care provider (APP)-led course designed to provide fellow APPs with the skills to obtain and evaluate basic ultrasound images. METHODS: A 15-question pretest was administered via anonymous use of a clicker response system...
February 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742328/anonymous-body-or-first-patient-a-status-report-and-needs-assessment-regarding-the-personalization-of-donors-in-dissection-courses-in-german-austrian-and-swiss-medical-schools
#12
Friederike Hasselblatt, David A C Messerer, Oliver Keis, Tobias M Böckers, Anja Böckers
Many Anglo-American universities have undertaken a paradigm shift in how the dissection of human material is approached, such that students are encouraged to learn about the lives of body donors, and to respectfully "personalize" them as human beings, rather than treating the specimens as anonymous cadavers. For the purposes of this study, this provision of limited personal information regarding the life of a body donor will be referred to as "personalization" of body donors. At this time, it is unknown whether this paradigm shift in the personalization of body donors can be translated into the German-speaking world...
May 6, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741720/nerve-surgeons-assessment-of-the-role-of-eduard-pernkopf-s-atlas-of-topographic-and-applied-human-anatomy-in-surgical-practice
#13
Andrew Yee, Demetrius M Coombs, Sabine Hildebrandt, William E Seidelman, J Henk Coert, Susan E Mackinnon
BACKGROUND: Pernkopf's atlas of Anatomy contains anatomical plates with detailed images of the peripheral nerves. Its use is controversial due to the author's association with the "Third Reich" and the potential depiction of victims of the Holocaust. The ethical implications of using this atlas for informing surgical planning have not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To (1) assess the role of Pernkopf's atlas in nerve surgeons' current practice and (2) determine whether a proposal for its ethical handling may provide possible guidance for use in surgery and surgical education...
May 8, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735113/anatomy-physiology-and-clinical-syndromes-of-the-basal-ganglia-a-brief-review
#14
Arash Fazl, Jori Fleisher
Movement disorders typically arise from dysfunction of the basal ganglia (BG), cerebellum, or both. The BG-a group of deep, subcortical structures-form complex circuits that shape motor control and motor learning, as well as limbic and associative functions. In this article, we summarize the anatomy and physiology of the BG and cerebellum, and briefly highlight the clinical syndromes that may arise in the context of their injury or dysfunction.
April 2018: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729763/editorial-commentary-anteromedial-meniscofemoral-ligament-of-the-anterior-horn-of-the-medial-meniscus-i-ve-never-seen-that-before-but-has-it-seen-me
#15
EDITORIAL
Eric W Nelson
Although there is frequently an element of variability found in human anatomy, we tend to think of anatomic structures as following the pattern in which we, as surgeons, most frequently encounter them. Though it is possible that a variant pattern of a commonly encountered anatomic structure has "never been seen" by us as surgeons, the constant process of learning sometimes leads us to ask ourselves whether we have truly never encountered such a structure or condition before or whether we simply did not recognize it when it "saw us...
May 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727331/10th-anniversary-of-alpps-lessons-learned-and-quo-vadis
#16
Hauke Lang, Eduardo de Santibañes, Hans J Schlitt, Massimo Malagó, Thomas van Gulik, Marcel A Machado, Elio Jovine, Stefan Heinrich, Giuseppe Maria Ettorre, Albert Chan, Roberto Hernandez-Alejandro, Ricardo Robles Campos, Per Sandström, Michael Linecker, Pierre-Alain Clavien
OBJECTIVE: Associating Liver Partition and Portal vein ligation for Staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) has been tested in various indications and clinical scenarios, leading to steady improvements in safety. This report presents the current status of ALPPS. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: ALPPS offers improved resectability, but drawbacks are regularly pointed out regarding safety and oncologic benefits. METHODS: During the 12th biennial congress of the European African-Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Association (Mainz, Germany, May 23-26, 2017) an expert meeting "10th anniversary of ALPP" was held to discuss indications, management, mechanisms of regeneration, as well as pitfalls of this novel technique...
May 1, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723637/multidimensional-co-segmentation-of-longitudinal-brain-mri-ensembles-in-the-presence-of-a-neurodegenerative-process
#17
Shiri Gordon, Irit Dolgopyat, Itamar Kahn, Tammy Riklin Raviv
MRI Segmentation of a pathological brain poses a significant challenge, as the available anatomical priors that provide top-down information to aid segmentation are inadequate in the presence of abnormalities. This problem is further complicated for longitudinal data capturing impaired brain development or neurodegenerative conditions, since the dynamic of brain atrophies has to be considered as well. For these cases, the absence of compatible annotated training examples renders the commonly used multi-atlas or machine-learning approaches impractical...
April 30, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708268/ultrasonography-in-undergraduate-medical-education-a-systematic-review
#18
Joshua J Davis, Corinne E Wessner, Jacqueline Potts, Arthur K Au, Charles A Pohl, J Matthew Fields
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the evidence of educational outcomes associated with teaching ultrasonography (US) to medical students. METHODS: A review of databases through 2016 was conducted for research studies that reported data on teaching US to medical students. Each title and abstract were reviewed by teams of 2 independent abstractors to determine whether the article would be ordered for full-text review and subsequently by 2 independent authors for inclusion...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698413/proof-of-concept-of-a-workflow-methodology-for-the-creation-of-basic-canine-head-anatomy-veterinary-education-tool-using-augmented-reality
#19
Roxie Christ, Julien Guevar, Matthieu Poyade, Paul M Rea
Neuroanatomy can be challenging to both teach and learn within the undergraduate veterinary medicine and surgery curriculum. Traditional techniques have been used for many years, but there has now been a progression to move towards alternative digital models and interactive 3D models to engage the learner. However, digital innovations in the curriculum have typically involved the medical curriculum rather than the veterinary curriculum. Therefore, we aimed to create a simple workflow methodology to highlight the simplicity there is in creating a mobile augmented reality application of basic canine head anatomy...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693206/3d-printed-model-improves-clinical-assessment-of-surgeons-on-anatomy
#20
Bin Zheng, Xiaolin Wang, Yixiong Zheng, Jiexiong Feng
Performing surgical procedures often requires a surgeon to develop a skill to create 3-dimensional (3D) mental model on patient's anatomy. Question remains whether the touching on the 3D printed model can facilitate learning of patient anatomy than viewing the rendered virtual on-screen model. The printed and the virtual 3D model were developed from CT films taken from a 4-year-old girl, who had dysplasia of the hip in the left hip. Eleven subjects were called to report measures on six key anatomical features on the hips...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
keyword
keyword
50799
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"