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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227009/a-machine-learning-framework-for-auto-classification-of-imaging-system-exams-in-hospital-setting-for-utilization-optimization
#1
Meru A Patil, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy, Jacob John, Meru A Patil, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy, Jacob John, Meru A Patil, Jacob John, Ravindra B Patil, P Krishnamoorthy
In clinical environment, Interventional X-Ray (IXR) system is used on various anatomies and for various types of the procedures. It is important to classify correctly each exam of IXR system into respective procedures and/or assign to correct anatomy. This classification enhances productivity of the system in terms of better scheduling of the Cath lab, also provides means to perform device usage/revenue forecast of the system by hospital management and focus on targeted treatment planning for a disease/anatomy...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216229/trans-ulnar-catheterization-and-coronary-interventions-from-technique-to-outcomes
#2
REVIEW
Sudhakar Sattur, Maninder Singh, Edo Kaluski
The ulnar artery is similar in size to the radial artery, however it is more difficult to palpate and access. For those physicians who mastered trans-ulnar access (TUA) this access site serves as an alternative to trans radial access (TRA) when the radial artery access is rendered suboptimal (by palpation, ultrasound examination or previous procedural records) or when encountering TRA difficulties or failure. The manuscript describes the anatomy, suggested technique, procedural success and complications associated with TUA...
February 1, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207721/clinical-anatomy-e-cases-a-five-year-follow-up-of-learning-analytics
#3
Geoffrey Braatvedt, Amelia Tekiteki, Holly Britton, John Wallace, Manish Khanolkar
AIMS: To examine the length of stay and need for intensive care of people admitted with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) to a single centre between 1988 and 2011. METHODS: Patients aged ≥15 years admitted for the first time with DKA (plasma glucose ≥ 10mmol/L and a bicarbonate concentration ≤15mmol/L and a pH <7.35, and raised plasma or urine ketones or anion gap) to Auckland City Hospital from 1988-2011 were identified retrospectively. The patients were divided into four cohorts (1988-1996; 1997-2001; 2002-2006; 2007-2011)...
February 17, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203151/cerebellar-tdcs-effects-on-conditioned-eyeblinks-using-different-electrode-placements-and-stimulation-protocols
#4
Linda Beyer, Giorgi Batsikadze, Dagmar Timmann, Marcus Gerwig
There is good evidence that the human cerebellum is involved in the acquisition and timing of classically conditioned eyeblink responses (CRs). Animal studies suggest that the cerebellum is also important in CR extinction and savings. Cerebellar transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) was reported to modulate CR acquisition and timing in a polarity dependent manner. To extent previous findings three experiments were conducted using standard delay eyeblink conditioning. In a between-group design, effects of tDCS were assessed with stimulation over the right cerebellar hemisphere ipsilaterally to the unconditioned stimulus (US)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188200/stop-think-a-simple-approach-to-encourage-the-self-assessment-of-learning
#5
Richard Guy, Bruce Byrne, Marian Dobos
A simple "stop think" approach was developed to encourage the self-assessment of learning. A key element was the requirement for students to rate their feeling of difficulty before [FOD(pre)] and after [FOD(post)] completing each of three authentic anatomy and physiology concept map exercises. The cohort was divided into low- (group L) and high-performing (group H) groups (based on final subject marks). Both FOD(pre) (group L) and FOD(post) (groups L and H) were significantly negatively correlated with score for some maps...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187513/collaboration-to-accelerate-proteogenomics-cancer-care-the-department-of-veterans-affairs-department-of-defense-and-the-national-cancer-institute-s-applied-proteogenomics-organizational-and-learning-apollo-network
#6
L D Fiore, H Rodriguez, C D Shriver
The ability to interrogate cancer at the proteogenomic level has the potential to transform oncology care from trial-and-error treatment strategies based on the anatomy and genomic profiling of tumors to one that is precisely based on the tumor's molecular profile. The next step in the evolution of precision oncology is developing proteogenomic approaches that make no exclusive assumptions a priori as to the molecular level of the patient's disease. The DoD, VA, and NCI responded to the Cancer Moonshot initiative by linking each agency's unique capabilities in clinical and basic science, computing, and high-throughput sequencing...
February 10, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185316/applying-translabial-ultrasound-to-detect-synthetic-slings-you-can-do-it-too-a-comparison-of-urology-trainees-to-an-attending-radiologist
#7
Jim K Shen, Daniel Faaborg, Glenn Rouse, Isaac Kelly, Roger Li, Muhannad Alsyouf, Kristene Myklak, Brian Distelberg, Andrea Staack
AIMS: Translabial ultrasound (TUS) is a useful tool for identifying and assessing synthetic slings. This study evaluates the ability of urology trainees to learn basic pelvic anatomy and sling assessment on TUS. METHODS: Eight urology trainees (six residents and two medical students) received a lecture reviewing basic anatomy and sling assessment on TUS followed by review of two training cases. Next, they underwent a 126-question examination assessing their ability to identify anatomic planes and structures in those planes, identify the presence of slings, and assess the location and intactness of a sling...
February 10, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179175/-to-operate-versus-not-to-operate-in-low-resource-settings-an-example-of-aneurysm-surgery-in-rural-iran-and-the-impact-of-mastery-of-neurosurgical-anatomy
#8
Dylan Griswold, Arnau Benet, Halima Tabani, Michael T Lawton, Ali Tayebi Meybodi
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has a global incidence of 9/100,000. In low-resource settings, where neurosurgical capacity is diminished through fewer human and technological resources, neurosurgeons may not be prepared to operate on aneurysmal SAH. Through a case illustration of an Iranian neurosurgeon faced with a decision to operate on a patient presenting with aneurysmal SAH in a low-resource setting, we highlight the importance of mastery of neurosurgical anatomy, which was critical in achieving a favorable patient outcome...
February 4, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178726/clinical-anatomy-e-cases-a-five-year-follow-up-of-learning-analytics
#9
Vivek Perumal, Russell Butson, Phil Blyth, Ben Daniel
AIM: This article explores the development and user experiences of a supplementary e-learning resource (clinical anatomy e-cases) for medical students, across a five-year teaching period. METHODS: A series of online supplementary e-learning resources (the clinical anatomy e-cases) were developed and introduced to the regional and clinical anatomy module of the medicine course. Usage analytics were collected online from a cohort of third-year medical students and analysed to gain a better understanding of how students utilised these resources...
January 27, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170167/effects-of-image-based-and-text-based-active-learning-exercises-on-student-examination-performance-in-a-musculoskeletal-anatomy-course
#10
M Melissa Gross, Mary C Wright, Olivia S Anderson
Research on the benefits of visual learning has relied primarily on lecture-based pedagogy, but the potential benefits of combining active learning strategies with visual and verbal materials on learning anatomy has not yet been explored. In this study, the differential effects of text-based and image-based active learning exercises on examination performance were investigated in a functional anatomy course. Each class session was punctuated with an average of 12 text-based and image-based active learning exercises...
February 7, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164732/technical-aspects-of-implanting-the-t-branch-off-the-shelf-multibranched-stent-graft-for-thoracoabdominal-aneurysms
#11
Nikolaos Tsilimparis, Beatrice Fiorucci, Eike Sebastian Debus, Fiona Rohlffs, Tilo Kölbel
PURPOSE: To describe the planning and technique for implantation of the t-Branch off-the-shelf multibranched aortic endograft. TECHNIQUE: Total endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aneurysms (TAAAs) with branched endografts is one of the most important paradigm shifts in the past decade. The t-Branch endograft, an off-the-shelf multibranched graft introduced in the European market in late 2012, allows treatment of patients with suitable anatomy in both the elective and urgent settings to avoid delays related to manufacturing time of custom-made devices...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159600/oral-anticoagulant-use-after-bariatric-surgery-a-literature-review-and-clinical-guidance
#12
REVIEW
Karlyn A Martin, Craig R Lee, Timothy M Farrell, Stephan Moll
Bariatric surgery may alter the absorption, distribution, metabolism and/or elimination (disposition) of orally administered drugs via changes to the gastrointestinal tract anatomy, body weight, and adipose tissue composition. As some patients who have undergone bariatric surgery will need therapeutic anticoagulation for various indications, appropriate knowledge is needed regarding anticoagulant drug disposition and resulting efficacy and safety in this population. We review general considerations about oral drug disposition in patients after bariatric surgery, as well as existing literature on oral anticoagulation after bariatric surgery...
January 31, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154775/three-dimensional-printing-review-of-application-in-medicine-and-hepatic-surgery
#13
Rui Yao, Gang Xu, Shuang-Shuang Mao, Hua-Yu Yang, Xin-Ting Sang, Wei Sun, Yi-Lei Mao
Three-dimensional (3D) printing (3DP) is a rapid prototyping technology that has gained increasing recognition in many different fields. Inherent accuracy and low-cost property enable applicability of 3DP in many areas, such as manufacturing, aerospace, medical, and industrial design. Recently, 3DP has gained considerable attention in the medical field. The image data can be quickly turned into physical objects by using 3DP technology. These objects are being used across a variety of surgical specialties. The shortage of cadaver specimens is a major problem in medical education...
December 2016: Cancer Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145266/the-pipeline-of-physiology-courses-in-community-colleges-to-university-medical-school-and-beyond
#14
REVIEW
Jenny McFarland, Pamela Pape-Lindstrom
Community colleges are significant in the landscape of undergraduate STEM (science technology, engineering, and mathematics) education (9), including biology, premedical, and other preprofessional education. Thirty percent of first-year medical school students in 2012 attended a community college. Students attend at different times in high school, their first 2 yr of college, and postbaccalaureate. The community college pathway is particularly important for traditionally underrepresented groups. Premedical students who first attend community college are more likely to practice in underserved communities (2)...
December 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135037/anatomy-education-environment-measurement-inventory-a-valid-tool-to-measure-the-anatomy-learning-environment
#15
Siti Nurma Hanim Hadie, Asma' Hassan, Zul Izhar Mohd Ismail, Mohd Asnizam Asari, Aaijaz Ahmed Khan, Fazlina Kasim, Nurul Aiman Mohd Yusof, Husnaida Abdul Manan Sulong, Tg Fatimah Murniwati Tg Muda, Wan Nor Arifin, Muhamad Saiful Bahri Yusoff
Students' perceptions of the education environment influence their learning. Ever since the major medical curriculum reform, anatomy education has undergone several changes in terms of its curriculum, teaching modalities, learning resources, and assessment methods. By measuring students' perceptions concerning anatomy education environment, valuable information can be obtained to facilitate improvements in teaching and learning. Hence, it is important to use a valid inventory that specifically measures attributes of the anatomy education environment...
January 30, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135034/using-collaborative-two-stage-examinations-to-address-test-anxiety-in-a-large-enrollment-gateway-course
#16
Kimberly A Fournier, Jannelle Couret, Jason B Ramsay, Joshua L Caulkins
Large enrollment foundational courses are perceived as "high stakes" because of their potential to act as barriers for progression to the next course or admittance to a program. The nature of gateway courses makes them ideal settings to explore the relationship between anxiety, pedagogical interventions, and student performance. Here, two-stage collaborative examinations were implemented to improve test-taking skills and address widespread test anxiety in an introductory human anatomy course. Test anxiety data were collected (using the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire) before the first examination and last examination...
January 30, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133417/concatenated-spatially-localized-random-forests-for-hippocampus-labeling-in-adult-and-infant-mr-brain-images
#17
Lichi Zhang, Qian Wang, Yaozong Gao, Guorong Wu, Dinggang Shen
Automatic labeling of the hippocampus in brain MR images is highly demanded, as it has played an important role in imaging-based brain studies. However, accurate labeling of the hippocampus is still challenging, partially due to the ambiguous intensity boundary between the hippocampus and surrounding anatomies. In this paper, we propose a concatenated set of spatially-localized random forests for multi-atlas-based hippocampus labeling of adult/infant brain MR images. The contribution in our work is two-fold...
March 15, 2017: Neurocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129720/effective-methods-of-teaching-and-learning-in-anatomy-as-a-basic-science-a-beme-systematic-review-beme-guide-no-44
#18
C Dominique Losco, William D Grant, Anthony Armson, Amanda J Meyer, Bruce F Walker
BACKGROUND: Anatomy is a subject essential to medical practice, yet time committed to teaching is on the decline, and resources required to teach anatomy is costly, particularly dissection. Advances in technology are a potential solution to the problem, while maintaining the quality of teaching required for eventual clinical application. AIM: To identify methods used to teach anatomy, including those demonstrated to enhance knowledge acquisition and retention. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL, ERIC, Academic OneFile, ProQuest, SAGE journals and Scopus were search from the earliest entry of each database to 31 August 2015...
January 27, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120632/learning-methods-and-strategies-of-anatomy-among-medical-students-in-two-different-institutions-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#19
Omar A Al-Mohrej, Noura K Al-Ayedh, Emad M Masuadi, Nader S Al-Kenani
BACKGROUND: Anatomy instructors adopt individual teaching methods and strategies to convey anatomical information to medical students for learning. Students also exhibit their own individual learning preferences. Instructional methods preferences vary between both instructors and students across different institutions. AIMS: In attempt to bridge the gap between teaching methods and the students' learning preferences, this study aimed to identify students' learning methods and different strategies of studying anatomy in two different Saudi medical schools in Riyadh...
January 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099982/-e-learning-in-ent-usage-in-university-medical-centers-in-germany
#20
Peter Freiherr von Saß, Thomas Klenzner, Kathrin Scheckenbach, Adam Chaker
E-learning is an essential part of innovative medical teaching concepts. The challenging anatomy and physiology in ENT is considered particularly suitable for self-assessed and adaptive e-learning. Usage and data on daily experience with e-learning in German ENT-university hospitals are currently unavailable and the degree of implementation of blended learning including feed-back from medical students are currently not known. We investigated the current need and usage of e-learning in academic ENT medical centers in Germany...
January 18, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
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