Read by QxMD icon Read

anatomy learning

Karl Philipp Kutzner, Joachim Pfeil
Bone- and soft-tissue sparing short stems are increasingly used in total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, there are a large variety of models of short stems, differing in design and function. Calcar-guided short stems provide an anatomical curvature in the medial calcar region, thus, positioning is done individually alongside the calcar in the "round-the-corner" technique. Depending on the level of the neck's osteotomy, stems can be aligned individually in a large bandwidth of varus- and valgus anatomies...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Ruobing Huang, Ana Namburete, Alison Noble
We present a general framework for automatic segmentation of fetal brain structures in ultrasound images inspired by recent advances in machine learning. The approach is based on a region descriptor that characterizes the shape and local intensity context of different neurological structures without explicit models. To validate our framework, we present experiments to segment two fetal brain structures of clinical importance that have quite different ultrasonic appearances-the corpus callosum (CC) and the choroid plexus (CP)...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Imaging
Steven R Dolly, Yang Lou, Mark A Anastasio, Hua Li
It is widely known that the optimization of imaging systems based on objective, task-based measures of image quality via computer-simulation requires the use of a stochastic object model (SOM). However, the development of computationally tractable SOMs that can accurately model the statistical variations in human anatomy within a specified ensemble of patients remains a challenging task. Previously reported numerical anatomic models lack the ability to accurately model inter-patient and inter-organ variations in human anatomy among a broad patient population, mainly because they are established on image data corresponding to a few of patients and individual anatomic organs...
March 14, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Andreas Jerrentrup, Tobias Mueller, Ulrich Glowalla, Meike Herder, Nadine Henrichs, Andreas Neubauer, Juergen R Schaefer
TV series such as "House MD", "Grey´s Anatomy" or "Emergency Room" are well perceived by medical students. Seminars featuring medical TV series such as "House MD" might serve as door-opener to attract medical students to learn more about rare diseases. The TV series "House MD" is troublesome for the main character Dr. House is an excellent diagnostician but at the same time a rather misanthropic person. Therefore, lecturing medicine with the help of "House MD" requires constant evaluation...
2018: PloS One
Polly R Husmann, Valerie Dean O'Loughlin
The concept and existence of learning styles has been fraught with controversy, and recent studies have thrown their existence into doubt. Yet, many students still hold to the conventional wisdom that learning styles are legitimate, and may adapt their outside of class study strategies to match these learning styles. Thus, this study aims to assess if undergraduate anatomy students are more likely to utilize study strategies that align with their hypothetical learning styles (using the VARK analysis from Fleming and Mills, , Improve Acad...
March 13, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
Hisanaga Horie, Koji Koinuma, Homare Ito, Ai Sadatomo, Daishi Naoi, Yoshihiko Kono, Yoshiyuki Inoue, Mitsuaki Morimoto, Makiko Tahara, Alan K Lefor, Naohiro Sata, Takahiro Sasaki, Hideharu Sugimoto
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic lateral pelvic lymph node dissection (LPLD) is technically challenging because of the complicated anatomy of the pelvic wall. To overcome this difficulty, we introduced preoperative 3-D simulation. The aim of the study is to investigate the usefulness of preoperative 3-D simulation for the safe conduct of laparoscopic LPLD for rectal cancer. METHODS: After undergoing colonoscopy, patients were brought to the radiology suite where multi-detector row CT was performed...
March 12, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Venkataramana Kandi, Parimala Reddy Basireddy
Introduction Medical education involves training necessary to become a physician or a surgeon. This includes various levels of training like undergraduate, internship, and postgraduate training. Medical education can be quite complex, since it involves training in pre-clinical subjects (anatomy, physiology, biochemistry), the para-clinical subjects (microbiology, pathology, pharmacology, and forensic medicine), and a discrete group of clinical subjects that include general medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynaecology, ear, nose and throat specialization, paediatrics, cardiology, pulmonology, dermatology, ophthalmology, and orthopaedics, and many other clinical specializations and super specialities (cardio-thoracic surgery, neurosurgery, etc...
January 5, 2018: Curēus
Ismail Memon
Cadaver dissection is considered a tool for studying the structural details of the human body. Lately, conflicting opinions regarding the utility of this modality in medical training have been published in medical literature. This review of literature was done to examine the status of anatomy teaching with cadaver dissection in traditional, modern, and postgraduate medical training across the world. Literature published in the English language on topics related to cadaver dissection in the past three decades was scrutinized using different search engines...
March 12, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
C P R Triepels, D M Koppes, S M J Van Kuijk, H E Popeijus, W H Lamers, T van Gorp, J J Futterer, R F P M Kruitwagen, K J B Notten
Gaining sufficient knowledge of anatomy is an important part of medical education. Factors that influence how well students learn anatomical structures include available sources, learning time and study assistance. This study explores the attitude of medical students with regard to studying anatomy and evaluates possibilities for improvement of training in anatomy. Twenty medical students participated in a focus group meeting. Based on this focus group, an online survey consisting of 27 questions was developed and distributed amongst medical students of Maastricht University, the Netherlands...
February 28, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Ana I L Namburete, Weidi Xie, Mohammad Yaqub, Andrew Zisserman, J Alison Noble
Methods for aligning 3D fetal neurosonography images must be robust to (i) intensity variations, (ii) anatomical and age-specific differences within the fetal population, and (iii) the variations in fetal position. To this end, we propose a multi-task fully convolutional neural network (FCN) architecture to address the problem of 3D fetal brain localization, structural segmentation, and alignment to a referential coordinate system. Instead of treating these tasks as independent problems, we optimize the network by simultaneously learning features shared within the input data pertaining to the correlated tasks, and later branching out into task-specific output streams...
February 21, 2018: Medical Image Analysis
James Nonde, Ahmed Adam, Abdullah Ebrahim Laher
Objectives To validate the newly designed Ultra-Sound guided Suprapubic Catheter Insertion Trainer (US-SCIT) model against the real life experience, by enrolling participants with prior confidence in the technique of US-guided Supra-Pubic Catheter (SPC) insertion. Methods The US-SCIT was self-constructed from common disposables and equipment found in the Emergency Department (ED). A validation questionnaire was completed by all participants, after SPC insertion on the US-CIT model. Results Fifty participants enrolled in the study...
February 27, 2018: Urology
Somin Wadhwa, Aishwarya Gupta, Shubham Dokania, Rakesh Kanji, Ganesh Bagler
Prediction of adverse drug reactions is an important problem in drug discovery endeavors which can be addressed with data-driven strategies. SIDER is one of the most reliable and frequently used datasets for identification of key features as well as building machine learning models for side effects prediction. The inherently unbalanced nature of this data presents with a difficult multi-label multi-class problem towards prediction of drug side effects. We highlight the intrinsic issue with SIDER data and methodological flaws in relying on performance measures such as AUC while attempting to predict side effects...
2018: PloS One
Richard J Wakefield, Asoka Weerasinghe, Patrick Tung, Laura Smith, James Pickering, Tendekayi Msimanga, Mohit Arora, Karen Flood, Pawan Gupta, Suzanne Bickerdike, James McLaughlan, Ashley Uttley, Jean Wilson, Tony Evans, Stephen Wolstenhulme, Trudie E Roberts
Whether ultrasound (US) should be incorporated into a medical undergraduate curriculum remains a matter of debate within the medical education arena. There are clear potential benefits to its early introduction particularly with respect to the study of living anatomy and physiology in addition to the learning of clinical skills and procedures required for the graduate clinical practice. However, this needs to be balanced against what is perceived as an added value in addition to financial and time constraints which may potentially lead to the sacrifice of other aspects of the curriculum...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
Kaitlen O Woodfin, Corey Johnson, Renee Parker, Caroline Mikach, Molly Johnson, Susan P McMullan
Interdisciplinary collaboration is key to safe surgical positioning. Although the surgical procedure dictates the patient's position, surgeons, anesthesia care providers, intraoperative nurses, and ancillary staff members must work together to achieve the goal of safe positioning. Correct patient positioning includes the provision of adequate access to the surgical site for the surgeon and surgical assistants. Surgical positions may put the patient at risk of injury. Understanding human anatomy, including the nerves commonly affected by each surgical position, can help the surgical team prevent accidental and irreversible patient injury...
March 2018: AORN Journal
Guang Yang, Xiahai Zhuang, Habib Khan, Shouvik Haldar, Eva Nyktari, Lei Li, Ricardo Wage, Xujiong Ye, Greg Slabaugh, Raad Mohiaddin, Tom Wong, Jennifer Keegan, David Firmin
PURPOSE: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common heart rhythm disorder and causes considerable morbidity and mortality, resulting in a large public health burden that is increasing as the population ages. It is associated with atrial fibrosis, the amount and distribution of which can be used to stratify patients and to guide subsequent electrophysiology ablation treatment. Atrial fibrosis may be assessed non-invasively using late gadolinium-enhanced (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) where scar tissue is visualised as a region of signal enhancement...
February 26, 2018: Medical Physics
S M Masudur Rahman Al Arif, Karen Knapp, Greg Slabaugh
The cervical spine is a highly flexible anatomy and therefore vulnerable to injuries. Unfortunately, a large number of injuries in lateral cervical X-ray images remain undiagnosed due to human errors. Computer-aided injury detection has the potential to reduce the risk of misdiagnosis. Towards building an automatic injury detection system, in this paper, we propose a deep learning-based fully automatic framework for segmentation of cervical vertebrae in X-ray images. The framework first localizes the spinal region in the image using a deep fully convolutional neural network...
April 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
Ashley A Blackwell, Mark Banovetz, Qandeel, Ian Q Whishaw, Douglas G Wallace
Arm and hand use by the mouse have been studied in a variety of tasks in order to understand the structure of skilled movements and motor learning, the anatomy and function of neural pathways, and to develop animal models of neurological conditions. The present study describes string-pulling by the mouse, a behavior in which a mouse uses hand-over-hand movements to pull down a string that hangs from the top of a test cage. Mice both spontaneously string-pull and also string-pull to obtain cashew nuts tied to the end of the string as food reward...
February 20, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
Mohammed Alghoul
Blepharoplasty is one of the most commonly performed cosmetic surgical procedures. To date it remains the most powerful method of periorbital rejuvenation when compared to other non-surgical modalities, especially in the aging face. Despite that, the procedure has its shortcomings that include a steep learning curve, prolonged recovery and potential for appearance and life-changing complications. Attaining successful outcomes rely on solid understanding of facial topography, patient and technique selection, and, when appropriate, following a conservative approach...
February 21, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Sarah J Anderson, Kent G Hecker, Olave E Krigolson, Heather A Jamniczky
In anatomy education, a key hurdle to engaging in higher-level discussion in the classroom is recognizing and understanding the extensive terminology used to identify and describe anatomical structures. Given the time-limited classroom environment, seeking methods to impart this foundational knowledge to students in an efficient manner is essential. Just-in-Time Teaching (JiTT) methods incorporate pre-class exercises (typically online) meant to establish foundational knowledge in novice learners so subsequent instructor-led sessions can focus on deeper, more complex concepts...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Rachel Reiter, Matt Viehdorfer, Kimmy Hescock, Terri Clark, Sarah Nemanic
The goal of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an interactive radiology software application that we developed to enhance learning of normal canine radiographic anatomy. All first-year veterinary medical students were eligible to participate in this subject pre-test-post-test experimental design. When presented with the software application, all students had completed two terms of gross anatomy in which the complete anatomy of the dog had been taught using a combination of lectures and laboratory dissections, including radiographic examples...
2018: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"