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nanomaterials, chemistry

Anaïs Pitto-Barry, Alexandru Lupan, Markus Zegke, Thomas Swift, Amr A A Attia, Rianne M Lord, Nicolas P E Barry
Half-sandwich metal complexes are of considerable interest in medicinal, material, and nanomaterial chemistry. The design of libraries of such complexes with particular reactivity and properties is therefore a major quest. Here, we report the unique and peculiar reactivity of eight apparently 16-electron half-sandwich metal (ruthenium, osmium, rhodium, and iridium) complexes based on benzene-1,2-dithiolato and 3,6-dichlorobenzene-1,2-dithiolato chelating ligands. These electron-deficient complexes do not react with electron-donor pyridine derivatives, even with the strong σ-donor 4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) ligand...
September 19, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
A Król, P Pomastowski, K Rafińska, V Railean-Plugaru, B Buszewski
Zinc oxide (ZnO), as a material with attractive properties, has attracted great interest worldwide, particularly owing to the implementation of the synthesis of nano-sized particles. High luminescent efficiency, a wide band gap (3.36eV), and a large exciton binding energy (60meV) has triggered intense research on the production of nanoparticles using different synthesis methods and on their future applications. ZnO nanomaterials can be used in industry as nano-optical and nano-electrical devices, in food packaging and in medicine as antimicrobial and antitumor agents...
August 26, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Yong Liu, Xingyu Jiang
The intrinsic limitations of conventional batch synthesis have hindered its applications in both solving classical problems and exploiting new frontiers. Microfluidic technology offers a new platform for chemical synthesis toward either molecules or materials, which has promoted the progress of diverse fields such as organic chemistry, materials science, and biomedicine. In this review, we focus on the improved performance of microreactors in handling various situations, and outline the trend of microfluidic synthesis (microsynthesis, μSyn) from simple microreactors to integrated microsystems...
September 15, 2017: Lab on a Chip
Shannon L Eichmann, Nancy A Burnham
Globally, a small percentage of oil is recovered from reservoirs using primary and secondary recovery mechanisms, and thus a major focus of the oil industry is toward developing new technologies to increase recovery. Many new technologies utilize surfactants, macromolecules, and even nanoparticles, which are difficult to deploy in harsh reservoir conditions and where failures cause material aggregation and sticking to rock surfaces. To combat these issues, typically material properties are adjusted, but recent studies show that adjusting the dispersing fluid chemistry could have significant impact on material survivability...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Jianfeng Guo, Kamil Rahme, Yan He, Lin-Lin Li, Justin D Holmes, Caitriona M O'Driscoll
Development of multifunctional nanomaterials, one of the most interesting and advanced research areas in the field of nanotechnology, is anticipated to revolutionize cancer diagnosis and treatment. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are now being widely utilized in bio-imaging and phototherapy due to their tunable and highly sensitive optical and electronic properties (the surface plasmon resonance). As a new concept, termed "theranostics," multifunctional AuNPs may contain diagnostic and therapeutic functions that can be integrated into one system, thereby simultaneously facilitating diagnosis and therapy and monitoring therapeutic responses...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Juan Pellico, Jesús Ruiz-Cabello, Irene Fernández-Barahona, Lucía Gutiérrez, Ana V Lechuga-Vieco, Jose A Enríquez, M Puerto Morales, Fernando Herranz
Iron oxide nanomaterial is a typical example of a magnetic resonance imaging probe for negative contrast. It has also been shown how this nanomaterial can be synthesized for positive contrast by modification of the composition and size of the core. However, the role of the organic coating in the relaxometric properties is largely unexplored. Here, maghemite nanoparticles with either excellent positive or very good negative contrast performance are obtained by modifying coating thickness while the core is kept unchanged...
September 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Ken Ling, Fang Men, Wei-Ci Wang, Ya-Qun Zhou, Hao-Wen Zhang, Da-Wei Ye
Carbon monoxide (CO) is attracting increasing attention because of its role as a gasotransmitter with cytoprotective and homeostatic properties. Carbon monoxide-releasing molecules (CO-RMs) are spatially and temporally controlled CO releasers that exhibit superior and more effective pharmaceutical traits than gaseous CO because of their chemistry and structure. Experimental and preclinical research in animal models has shown the therapeutic potential of inhaled CO and CO-RMs, and the biological effects of CO and CO-RMs have also been observed in preclinical trials via the genetic modulation of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Abdulaziz Almalik, Hicham Benabdelkamel, Afshan Masood, Ibrahim O Alanazi, Ibrahim Alradwan, Majed A Majrashi, Assim A Alfadda, Waleed M Alghamdi, Haitham Alrabiah, Nicola Tirelli, Ali H Alhasan
Studying the interactions of nanoparticles (NPs) with serum proteins is necessary for the rational development of nanocarriers. Optimum surface chemistry is a key consideration to modulate the formation of the serum protein corona (PC) and the resultant immune response. We investigated the constituent of the PC formed by hyaluronic acid-coated chitosan NPs (HA-CS NPs). Non-decorated chitosan NPs (CS NPs) and alginate-coated chitosan NPs (Alg-CS NPs) were utilized as controls. Results show that HA surface modifications significantly reduced protein adsorption relative to controls...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yingge Shi, Guanjian Zeng, Dazhuang Xu, Meiying Liu, Ke Wang, Zhen Li, Lihua Fu, Qingsong Zhang, Xiaoyong Zhang, Yen Wei
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are a type of one-dimensional carbon nanomaterials that possess excellent physicochemical properties and have been potentially utilized for a variety of applications. Surface modification of CNTs with polymers is a general route to expand and improve the performance of CNTs and has attracted great research interest over the past few decades. Although many methods have been developed previously, most of these methods still showed some disadvantages, such as low efficiency, complex experimental procedure and harsh reaction conditions etc...
November 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
D Zappi, R Caminiti, G M Ingo, C Sadun, C Tortolini, M L Antonelli
Main purpose of the work is assembling, testing and optimizing new disposable amperometric biosensors to analyze substances in different application fields as agribusiness, clinical chemistry and environment protection. Many kinds of modified electrodes have been prepared and tested to build portable devices to analyze quickly many analytes, in a simple and cost-effective manner. Bare electrodes of the screen-printed type, with silver as reference, have been used for modification. The glassy carbon electrodes with multi-walled carbon nanotubes or graphene or gold nanoparticles depositions were modified with generation IV ionic liquids...
December 1, 2017: Talanta
Tyson J MacCormack, Amanda M Rundle, Michael Malek, Abhilash Raveendran, Maria-Victoria Meli
Engineered nanomaterials can alter the structure and/or function of biological membranes and membrane proteins but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. We addressed this using a Langmuir phospholipid monolayer containing an active transmembrane protein, glucose-6-phosphatase (G6Pase). Gold nanoparticles (nAu) with varying ligand shell composition and hydrophobicity were synthesized, and their partitioning in the membrane and effects on protein activity characterized. nAu incorporation did not alter the macroscopic properties of the membrane...
2017: PloS One
Thai Phuong Nguyen, Wei-Chang Chang, Yen-Chih Lai, Ta-Chih Hsiao, De-Hao Tsai
In this work, we develop an aerosol-based, time-resolved ion mobility-coupled mass characterization method to investigate colloidal assembly of graphene oxide (GO)-silver nanoparticle (AgNP) hybrid nanostructure on a quantitative basis. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and zeta potential (ZP) analysis were used to provide visual information and elemental-based particle size distributions, respectively. Results clearly show a successful controlled assembly of GO-AgNP by electrostatic-directed heterogeneous aggregation between GO and bovine serum albumin (BSA)-functionalized AgNP under an acidic environment...
August 16, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Qiong Hu, Qiangwei Wang, Gengzhi Sun, Jinming Kong, Xueji Zhang
The development of convenient and efficient strategies without involving any complex nanomaterials or enzymes for signal amplification is of great importance in bioanalytical applications. In this work, we report the use of electrochemically mediated surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-eATRP) as a novel amplification strategy based on the de novo growth of polymers (dnGOPs) for the electrochemical detection of DNA. Specifically, the capture of target DNA (tDNA) by the immobilized peptide nucleic acid (PNA) probes provides a high density of phosphate groups for the subsequent attachment of ATRP initiators onto the electrode surface by means of the phosphate-Zr(4+)-carboxylate chemistry, followed by the de novo growth of electroactive polymer via the SI-eATRP...
September 5, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Sara T Humes, Shannon Hentschel, Candice M Lavelle, L Cody Smith, John A Lednicky, Navid B Saleh, Tara Sabo-Attwood
Nanomaterials (NMs) of various types, including carbon nanotubes (CNTs), can interfere with standard quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) assays, resulting in inaccurate gene expression measurements; however, the precise step in the qRT-PCR pipeline where this interference occurs has not been well described. Here, we investigated where in the process surface-oxidized multi-walled CNTs (oxMWNTs) inhibited qRT-PCR measurement of the expression of the housekeeping gene GAPDH and explored several strategies to minimize such inhibition...
August 1, 2017: BioTechniques
Tianshu Wu, Meng Tang
Nanotechnology had matured significantly during the last two decades as it has transitioned from bench top science to applied technology. Even though the issue of safety of nanotechnology has been raised nearly one decade ago, the rapid progress in development and use of nanomaterials has not yet been matched by toxicological investigations. Many recent studies have simply outlined the toxic effects of nanoparticles (NPs), but few have systematically addressed their potentially adverse biological effects on target organs...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
Chen Luo, Chaolun Wang, Xing Wu, Jian Zhang, Junhao Chu
Two-dimensional (2D) ultra-thin materials beyond graphene with rich physical properties and unique layered structures are promising for applications in electronics, chemistry, energy, and bioscience, etc. The interaction mechanisms among the structures, chemical compositions and physical properties of 2D layered materials are critical for fundamental nanosciences and the practical fabrication of next-generation nanodevices. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), with its high spatial resolution and versatile external fields, is undoubtedly a powerful tool for the static characterization and dynamic manipulation of nanomaterials and nanodevices at the atomic scale...
August 7, 2017: Small
Jeroen B Guinée, Reinout Heijungs, Martina G Vijver, Willie J G M Peijnenburg
Although technological and environmental benefits are important stimuli for nanotechnology development, these technologies have been contested from an environmental point of view. The steady growth of applications of engineered nanomaterials has heated up the debate on quantifying the environmental repercussions. The two main scientific methods to address these environmental repercussions are risk assessment and life-cycle assessment. The strengths and weaknesses of each of these methods, and the relation between them, have been a topic of debate in the world of traditional chemistry for over two decades...
August 4, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
Huan Tang, Ying Zhao, Xiaonan Yang, Dongmei Liu, Penghui Shao, Zhigao Zhu, Sujie Shan, Fuyi Cui, Baoshan Xing
A comparative experimental and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation study was carried out to investigate the aggregation of graphene oxide (GO). Mechanisms behind the effects of solution chemistries (pH, metal ions, and tannic acid (TA)) and GO topology (carboxyl content, GO size, and GO thickness) were uncovered. For example, MD results showed that more hydrogen bonds formed between GO and water at higher pH, according well with the increased hydrophilicity of GO calculated based on contact angle measurements...
August 21, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Jawwad A Darr, Jingyi Zhang, Neel M Makwana, Xiaole Weng
Nanomaterials are at the leading edge of the emerging field of nanotechnology. Their unique and tunable size-dependent properties (in the range 1-100 nm) make these materials indispensable in many modern technological applications. In this Review, we summarize the state-of-art in the manufacture and applications of inorganic nanoparticles made using continuous hydrothermal flow synthesis (CHFS) processes. First, we introduce ideal requirements of any flow process for nanoceramics production, outline different approaches to CHFS, and introduce the pertinent properties of supercritical water and issues around mixing in flow, to generate nanoparticles...
September 13, 2017: Chemical Reviews
Jue Deng, Chao Wang, Guozhen Guan, Hao Wu, Hong Sun, Longbin Qiu, Peining Chen, Zhiyong Pan, Hao Sun, Bo Zhang, Renchao Che, Huisheng Peng
The determination of structural evolution at the atomic level is essential to understanding the intrinsic physics and chemistries of nanomaterials. Mechanochemistry represents a promising method to trace structural evolution, but conventional mechanical tension generates random breaking points, which makes it unavailable for effective analysis. It remains difficult to find an appropriate model to study shear deformations. Here, we synthesize high-modulus carbon nanotubes that can be cut precisely, and the structural evolution is efficiently investigated through a combination of geometry phase analysis and first-principles calculations...
August 22, 2017: ACS Nano
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