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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225818/heat-induced-radiolabeling-and-click-chemistry-a-powerful-combination-for-generating-multifunctional-nanomaterials
#1
Hushan Yuan, Moses Q Wilks, Georges El Fakhri, Marc D Normandin, Charalambos Kaittanis, Lee Josephson
A key advantage of nanomaterials for biomedical applications is their ability to feature multiple small reporter groups (multimodality), or combinations of reporter groups and therapeutic agents (multifunctionality), while being targeted to cell surface receptors. Here a facile combination of techniques for the syntheses of multimodal, targeted nanoparticles (NPs) is presented, whereby heat-induced-radiolabeling (HIR) labels NPs with radiometals and so-called click chemistry is used to attach bioactive groups to the NP surface...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215075/iron-oxide-surface-chemistry-the-effect-of-chemical-structure-on-binding-in-benzoic-acid-and-catechol-derivatives
#2
Katalin V Korpany, Dorothy D Majewski, Cindy T Chiu, Shoronia N Cross, Amy Szuchmacher Blum
Excellent performance of functionalized iron oxide nanoparticles in nanomaterial and biomedical applications often relies on achieving attachment of ligands to the iron oxide surface both in sufficient number and with proper orientation. Towards this end, we determine relationships between ligand chemical structure and surface binding on magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles for a series of related benzoic acid and catechol derivatives. Ligand exchange was used to introduce the model ligands, and the resulting nanoparticles were characterized by FTIR-ATR, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and nanoparticle solubility behavior...
February 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206749/graphene-intermetallic-ptpb-nanoplates-composites-for-boosting-electrochemical-detection-of-h2o2-released-from-cells
#3
Yingjun Sun, Mingchuan Luo, Xiangxi Meng, Jing Xiang, Lei Wang, Qiushi Ren, Shaojun Guo
Rational design and construction of electrocatalytic nanomaterials is vital for improving the sensitivity and selectivity of non-enzymatic electrochemical sensors. Here, we report a novel graphene supported intermetallic PtPb nanoplates (PtPb/G) nanocomposite as enhanced electrochemical sensing platform for high-sensitivity detection of H2O2 in neutral solution and also released from the cells. The intermetallic PtPb nanoplates are first synthesized via a simple wet-chemistry process, and subsequently assembled on graphene via a solution-phase self-assembly approach...
February 16, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191931/laser-synthesis-and-processing-of-colloids-fundamentals-and-applications
#4
Dongshi Zhang, Bilal Gökce, Stephan Barcikowski
Driven by functionality and purity demand for applications of inorganic nanoparticle colloids in optics, biology, and energy, their surface chemistry has become a topic of intensive research interest. Consequently, ligand-free colloids are ideal reference materials for evaluating the effects of surface adsorbates from the initial state for application-oriented nanointegration purposes. After two decades of development, laser synthesis and processing of colloids (LSPC) has emerged as a convenient and scalable technique for the synthesis of ligand-free nanomaterials in sealed environments...
February 13, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186775/stability-limits-and-defect-dynamics-in-ag-nanoparticles-probed-by-bragg-coherent-diffractive-imaging
#5
Y Liu, P P Lopes, W Cha, R Harder, J Maser, E Maxey, M J Highland, N M Markovic, S O Hruszkewycz, G B Stephenson, H You, A Ulvestad
Dissolution is critical to nanomaterial stability, especially for partially dealloyed nanoparticle catalysts. Unfortunately, highly active catalysts are often not stable in their reactive environments, preventing widespread application. Thus, focusing on the structure-stability relationship at the nanoscale is crucial and will likely play an important role in meeting grand challenges. Recent advances in imaging capability have come from electron, X-ray, and other techniques but tend to be limited to specific sample environments and/or two-dimensional images...
February 17, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183655/differential-cytotoxicity-and-internalization-of-graphene-family-nanomaterials-in-myocardial-cells
#6
Flavio F Contreras-Torres, Andrés Rodríguez-Galván, Carlos E Guerrero-Beltrán, Erick Martínez-Lorán, Eduardo Vázquez-Garza, Nancy Ornelas-Soto, Gerardo García-Rivas
Given the well-known physical properties of graphene oxide (GO), numerous applications for this novel nanomaterial have been recently envisioned to improve the performance of biomedical devices. However, the toxicological assessment of GO, which strongly depends on the used material and the studied cell line, is a fundamental task that needs to be performed prior to its use in biomedical applications. Therefore, the toxicological characterization of GO is still ongoing. This study contributes to this, aiming to synthesize and characterize GO particles and thus investigate their toxic effects in myocardial cells...
April 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168663/engineered-nanomaterials-their-physicochemical-characteristics-and-how-to-measure-them
#7
Rambabu Atluri, Keld Alstrup Jensen
Numerous types of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) are commercially available and developments move towards producing more advanced nanomaterials with tailored properties. Such advanced nanomaterials may include chemically doped or modified derivatives with specific surface chemistries; also called higher generation or multiconstituent nanomaterials. To fully enjoy the benefits of nanomaterials, appropriate characterisation of ENMs is necessary for many aspects of their production, use, testing and reporting to regulatory bodies...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165357/recent-advances-in-silicon-nanomaterial-based-fluorescent-sensors
#8
REVIEW
Houyu Wang, Yao He
During the past decades, owing to silicon nanomaterials' unique optical properties, benign biocompatibility, and abundant surface chemistry, different dimensional silicon nanostructures have been widely employed for rationally designing and fabricating high-performance fluorescent sensors for the detection of various chemical and biological species. Among of these, zero-dimensional silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs) and one-dimensional silicon nanowires (SiNWs) are of particular interest. Herein, we focus on reviewing recent advances in silicon nanomaterials-based fluorescent sensors from a broad perspective and discuss possible future directions...
February 3, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159519/intracellular-responsive-dual-delivery-by-endosomolytic-polyplexes-carrying-dna-anchored-porous-silicon-nanoparticles
#9
Mohammad-Ali Shahbazi, Patrick Vingadas Almeida, Alexandra Correia, Barbara Herranz-Blanco, Neha Shrestha, Ermei Mäkilä, Jarno Salonen, Jouni Hirvonen, Hélder A Santos
Bioresponsive cytosolic nanobased multidelivery has been emerging as an enormously challenging novel concept due to the intrinsic protective barriers of the cells and hardly controllable performances of nanomaterials. Here, we present a new paradigm to advance nano-in-nano integration technology amenable to create multifunctional nanovehicles showing considerable promise to overcome restrictions of intracellular delivery, solve impediments of endosomal localization and aid effectual tracking of nanoparticles...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155937/controlled-aggregation-and-cell-uptake-of-thermoresponsive-polyoxazoline-grafted-superparamagnetic-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#10
Steffen Kurzhals, Noga Gal, Ronald Zirbs, Erik Reimhult
Hydrophilic polymer-coated iron oxide nanoparticles are potential materials for a plethora of applications in the biotechnological field. Typical such polymers, e.g. dextran or poly(ethylene glycol), lack the ability to tailor the biological response to an environmental trigger, while common responsive polymers such as poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) or poly(acrylic acid) are not suitable for biomedical applications. We present the synthesis and characterization of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles with thermoresponsive polyoxazoline brushes grafted at unprecedented density using nitrodopamine anchor chemistry...
February 3, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139927/continuous-in-flight-synthesis-for-on-demand-delivery-of-ligand-free-colloidal-gold-nanoparticles
#11
Paul Maguire, David Rutherford, Manuel Macias-Montero, Charles Mahony, Colin Kelsey, Mark Tweedie, Fátima Pérez-Martin, Harold McQuaid, Declan Diver, Davide Mariotti
We demonstrate an entirely new method of nanoparticle chemical synthesis based on liquid droplet irradiation with ultralow (<0.1 eV) energy electrons. While nanoparticle formation via high energy radiolysis or transmission electron microscopy-based electron bombardment is well-understood, we have developed a source of electrons with energies close to thermal which leads to a number of important and unique benefits. The charged species, including the growing nanoparticles, are held in an ultrathin surface reaction zone which enables extremely rapid precursor reduction...
January 31, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124552/advances-on-aryldiazonium-salt-chemistry-based-interfacial-fabrication-for-sensing-applications
#12
Chaomin Cao, Yin Zhang, Cheng Jiang, Meng Qi, Guozhen Liu
Aryldiazonium salts as coupling agents for surface chemistry have evidenced their wide applications for the development of sensors. Combined with advances in nanomaterials, current trends in sensor science and a variety of particular advantages of aryldiazonium salt chemistry in sensing have driven the aryldiazonium salt-based sensing strategies to grow at an astonishing pace. This review focuses on the advances in the use of aryldiazonium salts for modifying interfaces in sensors and biosensors during the past decade...
February 6, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120117/investigation-of-graphene-based-nanomaterial-as-nanocarrier-for-adsorption-of-paclitaxel-anticancer-drug-a-molecular-dynamics-simulation-study
#13
Zohre Hasanzade, Heidar Raissi
In this work, molecular dynamics simulations are used to study the adsorption of paclitaxel (PTX) drug on the graphene-based nanomaterials including graphene (G), graphene oxide (GO), and functionalized GO with chitosan (GO-CS). The drug is adsorbed through different patterns on the surface of graphene-based nanomaterials. Our results show that PTX on graphene is adsorbed more quickly than other systems. Comparing center of mass (COM) in GO and GO-CS systems indicated that PTX approaches GO-CS surface faster than GO surface...
February 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116390/recent-progress-in-cellulose-nanocrystals-sources-and-production
#14
REVIEW
Djalal Trache, M Hazwan Hussin, M K Mohamad Haafiz, Vijay Kumar Thakur
Cellulose nanocrystals, a class of fascinating bio-based nanoscale materials, have received a tremendous amount of interest both in industry and academia owing to its unique structural features and impressive physicochemical properties such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, renewability, low density, adaptable surface chemistry, optical transparency, and improved mechanical properties. This nanomaterial is a promising candidate for applications in fields such as biomedical, pharmaceuticals, electronics, barrier films, nanocomposites, membranes, supercapacitors, etc...
January 24, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111875/black-phosphorus-rediscovered-from-bulk-to-monolayer
#15
Rui Gusmao, Zdenek Sofer, Martin Pumera
Phosphorus is a non-metal with several allotropes, from the highly reactive white phosphorus to the thermodynamically stable black phosphorus (BP) with a puckered orthorhombic layered structure. The bulk form of BP was synthesized for the first time more than a century ago, in 1914, not receiving much attention until very recently rediscovered, in 2014, joining the new wave of 2D layered nanomaterials. BP can be exfoliated to a single sheet structure with tunable direct band, semiconducting, high carrier mobility at room temperature and in-plane anisotropic layered structure...
January 23, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106367/alignment-of-carbon-nanotubes-in-carbon-nanotube-fibers-through-nanoparticles-a-route-for-controlling-mechanical-and-electrical-properties
#16
Muhammad Mohsin Hossain, Md Akherul Islam, Hossain Shima, Mudassir Hasan, Moonyong Lee
This is the first study that describes how semiconducting ZnO can act as an alignment agent in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) fibers. Because of the alignment of CNTs through the ZnO nanoparticles linking groups, the CNTs inside the fibers were equally distributed by the attraction of bonding forces into sheetlike bunches, such that any applied mechanical breaking load was equally distributed to each CNT inside the fiber, making them mechanically robust against breaking loads. Although semiconductive ZnO nanoparticles were used here, the electrical conductivity of the aligned CNT fiber was comparable to bare CNT fibers, suggesting that the total electron movement through the CNTs inside the aligned CNT fiber is not disrupted by the insulating behavior of ZnO nanoparticles...
February 3, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098453/surface-engineered-multifunctional-eu-gd2o3-nanoplates-for-targeted-and-ph-responsive-drug-delivery-and-imaging-applications
#17
Arindam Saha, Subas Chandra Mohanta, Kashmiri Deka, Pritam Deb, Parukuttyamma Sujatha Devi
In this paper, we report the synthesis of surface-engineered multifunctional Eu:Gd2O3 triangular nanoplates with small size and uniform shape via a high-temperature solvothermal technique. Surface engineering has been performed by a one-step polyacrylate coating, followed by controlled conjugation chemistry. This creates the desired number of surface functional groups that can be used to attach folic acid as a targeting ligand on the nanoparticle surface. To specifically deliver the drug molecules in the nucleus, the folate density on the nanoparticle surface has been kept low...
February 1, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093991/cancer-nanotechnology-recent-trends-and-developments-in-strategies-for-targeting-cancer-cells-to-improve-cancer-imaging-and-treatment
#18
Jingyao Xu, Xiaoling Zhou, Yifei Li, Yudan Tian
Nanotechnology is a multidisciplinary field, which have the potential to cover applications in many subjects such as biology, chemistry and physics. The combined efforts of these subjects can lead to the successful engineering of nanodevices and nanovectors for targeted delivery and sensing/detection of cancer cells/tissues. The modulation of nanomaterials at surface and bulk level further adds value to this technology and develop strategies for early detection of precancerous and malignant cells from biological fluids...
January 16, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088122/a-comparative-study-on-the-effects-of-ultrathin-luminescent-graphene-oxide-quantum-dot-goqd-and-graphene-oxide-go-nanosheets-on-the-interfacial-interactions-and-mechanical-properties-of-an-epoxy-composite
#19
B Karimi, B Ramezanzadeh
The reinforcement effect of graphene oxide nanosheets on the mechanical properties of an epoxy coating has been extensively studied. However, the effect of graphene oxide quantum dot (GOQD) as a new unique carbon based nanomaterial (with lateral dimension of 5-6nm and thickness of one carbon atom) on the mechanical properties of epoxy coating has not been reported and compared with GO yet. So this study aims at fabrication of a high-performance polymer composite with unique mechanical properties using GOQD nanosheets...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078952/recent-advances-in-green-nanoparticulate-systems-for-drug-delivery-efficient-delivery-and-safety-concern
#20
Pik-Ling Lam, Wai-Yeung Wong, Zhaoxiang Bian, Chung-Hin Chui, Roberto Gambari
Nanotechnology manipulates therapeutic agents at the nanoscale for the development of nanomedicines. However, there are current concerns over nanomedicines, mainly related to the possible toxicity of nanomaterials used for health medications. Due to their small size, they can enter the human body more readily than larger sized particles. Green chemistry encompasses the green synthesis of drug-loaded nanoparticles by reducing the use of hazardous materials in the synthesis process, thus reducing the adverse health impacts of pharmaceutics...
January 12, 2017: Nanomedicine
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