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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437671/a-case-report-on-esophageal-tuberculosis-a-rare-entity
#1
Vatsal Khanna, Abhilash Kumar, Naveen Alexander, Parmasivam Surendran
This is a case report of a rare form of tuberculosis in a patient presenting with dysphagia. Patient was subjected to upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, which revealed an ulcerative growth in the distal esophagus. Histopathology revealed esophageal tuberculosis. Patient was managed conservatively with Anti-Tuberculosis Treatment (ATT). Follow up endoscopy after two months revealed resolution of the growth and patient was symptomatically better. In spite of the rare nature of the disease, it can be managed effectively with ATT to avoid complications (fistula, stricture, and esophageal perforation), which might warrant surgery...
April 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428908/metastatic-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-colon-from-esophageal-cancer
#2
Natasha Garg, Constance Stoehr, Yan Shi Zhao, Heather Rojas, Chung-Tsen Hsueh
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma represents 4% of all cancers in the United States. Patients with esophageal cancer frequently present with locally advanced disease, and about 40% of patients have evidence of metastatic disease on presentation. Common sites of metastasis include liver, lung and bone. Here, we present a rare case of colonic metastasis from primary esophageal SCC. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old Caucasian male with a history of 20-pack-year cigarette smoking received surgery and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced SCC of larynx...
2017: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424985/postoperative-complications-and-functional-outcome-after-esophageal-atresia-repair-results-from-longitudinal-single-center-follow-up
#3
Florian Friedmacher, Birgit Kroneis, Andrea Huber-Zeyringer, Peter Schober, Holger Till, Hugo Sauer, Michael E Höllwarth
BACKGROUND: Esophageal atresia (EA) and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) represent major therapeutic challenges, frequently associated with serious morbidities following surgical repair. The aim of this longitudinal study was to assess temporal changes in morbidity and mortality of patients with EA/TEF treated in a tertiary-level center, focusing on postoperative complications and their impact on long-term gastroesophageal function. METHODS: One hundred nine consecutive patients with EA/TEF born between 1975 and 2011 were followed for a median of 9...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417001/minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer-according-to%C3%A2-the-location-of-the-tumor-experience-of-251-patients
#4
Lei Chen, Xi Liu, Rong Wang, Yuncang Wang, Tao Zhang, Dewei Gao, Linggen Gao
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is increasingly used for the treatment of esophageal cancer. However, the ideal approach of MIE is not yet standardized. We explore the ideal approach of MIE according to the location of the tumor and compare the clinical outcomes between patients with cancer arising in the upper third of the esophagus and those with tumors involving the middle and lower third of the esophagus. METHODS: We included patients with esophageal carcinoma and had clear indications for MIE...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410201/incidence-and-survival-differences-in-esophageal-cancer-among-ethnic-groups-in-the-united-states
#5
Zheling Chen, Yinghong Ren, Xianglin L Du, Jiao Yang, Yanwei Shen, Shuting Li, Yunying Wu, Meng Lv, Danfeng Dong, Enxiao Li, Wei Li, Peijun Liu, Jin Yang, Min Yi
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to identify the differences in incidence, clinicopathological features, and survival in esophageal cancer among ethnic groups in the United States and to determine the reasons for the differences. RESULT: A total of 49,766 patients were included. Black and Asian groups had a higher proportion of squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) (85.5% and 75.4%, respectively) and mid-esophagus tumor (43.2% and 37.7% respectively) than the non-Hispanic white and Hispanic white groups...
March 30, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408932/huge-lymphangioma-of-the-esophagus-resected-by-endoscopic-piecemeal-mucosal-resection
#6
Dinghai Luo, Liping Ye, Weidan Wu, Haihong Zheng, Xinli Mao
We present an unusual case of a 41-year-old male patient with a large lymphangioma of the esophagus. Endoscopy revealed that the structure measured 60 × 10 mm in the mucosa and the submucosa and had a heterogenous echo pattern. The esophageal mass was successfully resected by endoscopic piecemeal mucosal resection. However, most esophageal lymphangiomas that are larger than 2 cm in diameter reported in the literature can be removed only through open surgery. Thus far, we know of no reported cases of endoscopic resection as a treatment for this case...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397296/reconstruction-of-late-esophagus-perforation-after-anterior-cervical-spine-fusion-with-an-adipofascial-anterolateral-thigh-free-flap-a-case-report
#7
Ruben Coelho, Tomas Ekberg, Malin Svensson, Maria Mani, Andres Rodriguez-Lorenzo
Reconstruction of late esophageal perforation usually requires flap surgery to achieve wound healing. However, restoring the continuity between the digestive tract and retropharyngeal space to allow for normal swallowing remains a technical challenge. In this report, we describe the use of a thin and pliable free adipofascial anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap in a 47-year-old tetraplegic man with a history of C5-C6 fracture presented with a large posterior esophagus wall perforation allowing an easier flap insetting for a successful wound closure...
April 11, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396805/adult-onset-dysphagia-right-sided-aortic-arch-ductus-diverticulum-and-retroesophageal-ligamentum-arteriosum-comprising-an-obstructing-vascular-ring
#8
Ankur Sinha, Hitesh Raheja, Vinod Namana, Sunil Abrol, Stephan Kamholz, Vijay Shetty
A 49-year-old African American male patient with no past medical history was admitted because of 3 months of difficulty swallowing solid and liquid foods. He had constant retrosternal discomfort and appeared malnourished. The chest radiograph revealed a right sided aortic arch with tracheal deviation to the left. A swallow study confirmed a fixed esophageal narrowing at the level of T6. Contrast enhanced Computed Tomography (CT) angiogram of the chest and neck revealed a mirror image right aortic arch with a left sided cardiac apex and a prominent ductus diverticulum (measuring 1...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391268/a-modified-tracheal-transaction-approach-for-the-repair-of-nonmalignant-tracheoesophageal-fistulas-a-report-of-5-cases
#9
Jie Liu, Wei Wu, Shaoyan Liu, Zhengang Xu, Jian Wang, Baowei Li
BACKGROUND: A postintubation tracheoesophageal fistula is a rare complication of a tracheotomy. Surgical repair is the only viable option for these patients, but the repair techniques presented in the literature vary. METHODS: We used a modified tracheal transaction approach to repair 5 cases of nonmalignant tracheoesophageal fistulas. The procedure was performed with a low cervical collar incision, and the trachea was transected directly. All the procedures were only carried out in the surgical field created by tracheostomy and paratracheal and esophageal dissection was no longer necessary...
April 8, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384630/esophageal-cancer-new-insights-into-a-heterogenous-disease
#10
Sebastian Krug, Patrick Michl
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer represents a heterogeneous malignancy mostly diagnosed in advanced stages. Worldwide, squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) continue to be the most prevalent subtype; however, in the Western countries, the incidence of adenocarcinomas is increasing and will exceed that of SCC in the near future. During the last decade, several landmark trials contributed to a better understanding of the disease and emphasized the importance of multimodal treatment protocols. SUMMARY: With the introduction of perioperative or neoadjuvant approaches, the survival of both subtypes of esophageal cancer has significantly improved...
April 7, 2017: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382500/impact-of-esophageal-flexion-level-on-the-surgical-outcome-in-patients-with-sigmoid-esophageal-achalasia
#11
Kazuto Tsuboi, Nobuo Omura, Fumiaki Yano, Masato Hoshino, Se-Ryung Yamamoto, Shunsuke Akimoto, Takahiro Masuda, Hideyuki Kashiwagi, Katsuhiko Yanaga
PURPOSE: Esophageal achalasia can be roughly divided into non-sigmoid and sigmoid types. Laparoscopic surgery has been reported to be less than optimally effective for sigmoid type. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of the esophageal flexion level on the clinical condition and surgical outcomes of patients with sigmoid esophageal achalasia. METHODS: The subjects were 36 patients with sigmoid esophageal achalasia who had been observed for >1 year after surgery...
April 5, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378266/comparison-of-forced-air-warming-systems-in-prevention-of-intraoperative-hypothermia
#12
Volkan Alparslan, Alparslan Kus, Tulay Hosten, Mehmet Ertargin, Dilek Ozdamar, Kamil Toker, Mine Solak
In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of forced-air warming upper body blankets and forced-air warming underbody blankets on intraoperative hypothermia in patients who were planned to undergo open abdominal surgical operations in which extensive heat loss occurs. This prospective and randomized study included 92 patients who would undergo lower abdominal surgery under general anesthesia. Patients were randomized by closed envelope method and divided into two groups. Group I (n:46) included the patients who would receive warming with forced-air warming upper body blanket, and Group II (n:46) consisted of the patients who received warming with forced-air warming underbody blanket...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375477/clinical-outcomes-of-definitive-chemoradiotherapy-using-carboplatin-and-paclitaxel-in-esophageal-cancer
#13
M A P van Ruler, F P Peters, M Slingerland, M Fiocco, D A R H Grootenboers, A J E Vulink, C A M Marijnen, K J Neelis
Patients with nonmetastatic esophageal cancer not suitable for surgery can be treated with definitive chemoradiotherapy with curative intent. The purpose of this retrospective study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes of definitive chemoradiotherapy using carboplatin and paclitaxel. Medical records were reviewed of patients treated for nonmetastatic squamous cell or adenocarcinoma of the esophagus between January 2009 and December 2013 in two collaborating institutes. Treatment consisted of external beam radiotherapy (28 fractions of 1...
April 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375474/minimally-invasive-substernal-colonic-transposition-for-corrosive-strictures-of-the-upper-aerodigestive-tract
#14
J K Banerjee, R Saranga Bharathi
Corrosive upper aerodigestive tract strictures are conventionally treated by open surgery. Surgical advancements permit these strictures to be addressed with minimal invasion. Corrosive strictures treated minimally invasively over a 2-year period (2014-2015) were audited. Colonic mobilization and retrosternal tunneling were performed laparoscopically. The left colic vessel-based isoperistaltic colonic/ileocolonic segment was transposed substernally into the neck, aided by miniceliotomy. Proximal anastomosis was side-to-side esophagocolic in all patients except those who underwent pharyngolaryngectomy or partial laryngectomy, where pharyngocolic/pyriform fossa-ileal anastomosis was employed...
April 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372456/paraesophageal-hernia-and-gastric-volvulus-an-uncommon-etiology-of-vomiting-and-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#15
Gonçalo Nunes, Marta Patita, Vítor Fernandes, Jorge Fonseca
The authors report the case of a 75 year-old woman admitted to the emergency room with abdominal pain and coffee ground vomiting. Marked epigastric distension with tenderness and signs of severe dehydration were present. Upper GI endoscopy showed a black esophagus covered by a large amount of dark fluid, diffuse hyperaemia and superficial erosions. Marked distortion of gastric anatomy caused by stomach rotation and a large paraesophageal hernia was observed and the pylorus was not identified. Chest X-ray and CT scan confirmed the presence of an organoaxial gastric volvulus with antero superior rotation and incarceration of the gastric antrum, which was located above the diaphragm...
April 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371632/thoracoscopic-enucleation-in-the-left-decubitus-position-for-leiomyoma-of-the-upper-thoracic-esophagus-utility-of-preoperative-diagnosis-applying-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration
#16
Mitsutoshi Ishii, Shinsuke Takeno, Takahiro Nishida, Atsushi Nanashima, Yoshimasa Kubota, Hiroshi Kawakami, Yoshiko Umekita, Yutaka Akiyama
INTRODUCTION: We report a relatively rare case of esophageal leiomyoma in the upper thoracic esophagus enucleated by thoracoscopic procedures. The usefulness of preoperative diagnosis and an adequate surgical approach are described along with a review of the relevant literature. PRESENTAION OF CASE: A submucosal tumor 45mm in diameter was detected in the upper thoracic esophagus of a 69-year-old man. The tumor was preoperatively diagnosed from histopathological biopsy under endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364148/robotic-valvuloplastic-esophagogastrostomy-using-double-flap-technique-following-proximal-gastrectomy-technical-aspects-and-short-term-outcomes
#17
Susumu Shibasaki, Koichi Suda, Masaya Nakauchi, Kenji Kikuchi, Shinichi Kadoya, Yoshinori Ishida, Kazuki Inaba, Ichiro Uyama
BACKGROUND: Valvuloplastic esophagogastrostomy by double flap technique (VEG-DFT) is a promising procedure to prevent reflux after proximal gastrectomy (PG), and is achieved by the burial of the abdominal esophagus into the gastric submucosa; however, laparoscopic VEG-DFT is technically demanding due to complicated suturing and ligation maneuvers. The present study was designed to determine the feasibility and safety of robotic VEG-DFT. METHODS: After robotic PG, seromuscular flaps were extracorporeally created at the anterior wall of the remnant stomach through a small umbilical incision...
March 31, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359500/uniportal-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-resection-of-a-giant-midesophageal-diverticulum
#18
Francesco Paolo Caronia, Alfonso Fiorelli, Mario Santini, Attilio Ignazio Lo Monte
We describe a new video-assisted technique for the management of a giant midesophageal diverticulum using a single 5-cm port. It maintained the same principles of the traditional open technique as diverticulectomy, myotomy, and fundoplication. The better visualization of the main esophageal body, diverticulum, and esophagogastric junction and the better alignment of the stapler cartridge to the longitudinal axis of the esophagus are all technical factors supporting our procedure. Heavily calcified mediastinal lymph nodes and diffuse pleural adhesions are the main contraindications...
April 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355101/pioneer-robotic-serra-doria-operation-for-recurrent-achalasia-after-heller-s-cardiomyotomy-a-new-quondam-procedure
#19
Bruno Zilberstein, Maurice Youssef Franciss, Aletheia Genovesi, Paula Volpe, Carlos Eduardo Domene, Leandro Cardoso Barchi
INTRODUCTION: Recurrence of achalasia may occur in 10%-20% of cases operated by Heller's cardiomyotomy. Most of these patients will require further surgery to relieve symptoms. Major technical difficulties can be found in these reoperations. CASE REPORT: A 50-year-old female patient with relapsed idiopathic achalasia after Heller's technique was treated with an unusual procedure, for the first time in the literature, by minimally invasive access with robotic assistance...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353175/current-concepts-in-treatment-of-barrett-s-esophagus-with-and-without-dysplasia
#20
Francisco Schlottmann, Marco G Patti
BACKGROUND: Around 10-15% of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease will develop Barrett's esophagus (BE). The development of novel endoscopic modalities has changed the management of BE in the last decade. AIM: The aim of this study was to review the current evidence for the treatment of BE with and without dysplasia. RESULTS: In patients with BE without dysplasia, antireflux surgery should not be suggested as a modality to prevent the malignant transformation of BE, but its indications should be the same as for other patients with gastroesophageal reflux...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
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