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A Ochocka, A Pasztaleniec
Herein, we report the response of indices based on phytoplankton and zooplankton and their combination to different nutrient concentrations in lakes. The study was carried out in ten lakes in northeastern Poland. Integrated samples were collected from the epilimnion during the summer of 2012-2013. Secchi disk visibility (SD), total phosphorus (TP), total nitrogen (TN), and chlorophyll a were used as proxies for eutrophication. We calculated 16 plankton indices: two phytoplankton indices, six crustacean indices, five rotiferan indices, two zooplankton diversity indices, and one combined phytoplankton and zooplankton index...
November 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
John C Clamp, Tapas Chatterjee, Gregorio Fernandez-Leborans
The colonial peritrich ciliate Epistylis anastatica (Linnaeus, 1767) was discovered living as an epibiont on Mesocyclops isabellae Dussart & Fernando, 1988 collected from a pond in Andhra Pradesh state, India. This is the first report of Epistylis on this host, and a description of its morphological characteristics is provided. The biomass of colonies of E. anastatica relative to that of their hosts was relatively high, being greater than that of the host in some cases (8.11 mm<sup>3</sup> vs. 1...
September 16, 2016: Zootaxa
Martha Angélica Gutiérrez-Aguirre, Adrián Cervantes-Martínez
Description and meristic analysis of eleven species of Microcyclops recorded in America were performed based on the examination of type specimens and fresh material. Microscopic analysis of oral appendages, such as the shape and armature of the distal coxal endite of the maxilla, the ornamentation on the caudal surface of the antenna, and the intercoxal sclerites and armament of the inner basis of all swimming appendages, were characteristics that allowed the differentiation between species. Among these species, our study confirmed the synonymy of Microcyclops diversus Kiefer, 1935 with Microcyclops ceibaensis (Marsh, 1919)...
2016: ZooKeys
R Radhika, S Bijoy Nandan, M Harikrishnan
Morphological identification of the marine cyclopoid copepod Dioithona rigida in combination with sequencing a 645 bp fragment of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase c subunit I (mtCOI) gene, collected from offshore waters of Kavarathi Island, Lakshadweep Sea, is presented in this study. Kiefer in 1935 classified Dioithona as a separate genus from Oithona. The main distinguishing characters observed in the collected samples, such as the presence of well-developed P5 with 2 setae, 5 segmented urosome, 12 segmented antennule, compact dagger-like setae on the inner margin of proximal segment of exopod ramus in P1-P4 and engorged portion of P1-bearing a spine, confirmed their morphology to D...
August 23, 2016: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
Su Youn Baek, Kuem Hee Jang, Eun Hwa Choi, Shi Hyun Ryu, Sang Ki Kim, Jin Hee Lee, Young Jin Lim, Jimin Lee, Jumin Jun, Myounghai Kwak, Young-Sup Lee, Jae-Sam Hwang, Balu Alagar Venmathi Maran, Cheon Young Chang, Il-Hoi Kim, Ui Wook Hwang
Copepods, small aquatic crustaceans, are the most abundant metazoan zooplankton and outnumber every other group of multicellular animals on earth. In spite of ecological and biological importance in aquatic environment, their morphological plasticity, originated from their various lifestyles and their incomparable capacity to adapt to a variety of environments, has made the identification of species challenging, even for expert taxonomists. Molecular approaches to species identification have allowed rapid detection, discrimination, and identification of cryptic or sibling species based on DNA sequence data...
2016: PloS One
Fabiano Paschoal, Kazuya Nagasawa, José Luis Luque
A new species of the monotypic genus Leposphilus Hesse, 1866 (Cyclopoida: Philichthyidae), Leposphilus vogti n. sp., is described based on adult female and male specimens from the interorbital canals of Micropogonias furnieri (Desmarest) (Sciaenidae) in Sepetiba Bay, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The new species differs from its only congener, L. labrei Hesse, 1866, by the following combination of characters in the adult female: a globular cephalosome, a two-segmented maxilla, and fourth abdominal somite fused to caudal ramus; and in the adult male: presence of maxilliped, leg 3 with five setae, and caudal rami tipped with six setae...
June 2016: Systematic Parasitology
Georgina D Cepeda, Marina E Sabatini, Cristina L Scioscia, Fernando C Ramírez, María D Viñas
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.552.6083.].
2016: ZooKeys
Georgina D Cepeda, Marina E Sabatini, Cristina L Scioscia, Fernando C Ramírez, María D Viñas
The marine cyclopoid Oithona similis sensu lato Claus, 1866, is considered to be one of the most abundant and ubiquitous copepods in the world. However, its minimal original diagnosis and the unclear connection with its (subjective) senior synonym Oithona helgolandica Claus, 1863, may have caused frequent misidentification of the species. Consequently, it seems possible that several closely related but distinct forms are being named Oithona similis or Oithona helgolandica without explicit and accurate discrimination...
2016: ZooKeys
Hoda Hassan El-Rashidy, Geoffrey Allan Boxshall
Two species of parasitic copepods from the genus Bomolochus von Nordmann, 1832 (Cyclopoida: Bomolochidae) are redescribed in detail, based on material collected from the gills of Red Sea fishes. Host material was caught at El-tor, near Sharm El-Sheikh, and in the Gulf of Suez, Egypt. Both sexes of Bomolochus bellones Burmeister, 1835 were collected from the gills of a needlefish Tylosurus choram (Rüppell) caught in the Gulf of Suez. This is a new host record. The female is well characterised so only the male is described...
February 2016: Systematic Parasitology
Felipe Muriel-Hoyos, Ana María Santana-Piñeros, Yanis Cruz-Quintana, Eduardo Suárez-Morales
A new copepod species, Ergasilus curticrus n. sp. is described based on 14 female specimens collected from the gills of the characid teleost Bryconops giacopinii Fernández-Yépez, captured in the Vichada River Basin in Colombia. The new species has a unique combination of characters including: (i) 2-segmented endopods in legs 1 and 4; (ii) a semi-pinnate, falciform seta on the terminal segment of the first leg exopod; (iii) a 1-segmented fourth leg exopod; (iv) a reduced fifth leg with a single seta; and (v) a circular structure fused to a groove near the lateral margins of the second pedigerous tergite...
November 2015: Systematic Parasitology
Seong Yong Moon, Jeong-Hoon Lee, Doo Nam Kim
A new species of Anchistrotos Brian, 1906 (Copepoda: Cyclopoida: Taeniacanthidae), parasitic in the branchial cavities of the filamentous shrimpgoby Myersina filifer (Valenciennes) (Perciformes: Gobiidae) from Korea is described. The new species is most closely related to A. tangi Venmathi Maran, Moon & Adday, 2014, but differs from it by the following combination of characters in the adult female: the U-shaped rostrum, the distal margin of the anal somite lacks patches of spinules, the proximal segment of the maxilliped is without seta, and the maxilliped claw is armed with long and small naked setae...
October 2015: Systematic Parasitology
Susumu Ohtsuka, Ephrime Metillo, Geoffrey A Boxshall
Paramacrochiron chironecicola n. sp. (Copepoda: Cyclopoida: Macrochironidae) is described from the highly venomous box jellyfish Chironex sp. collected from Malampaya Sound, Palawan Island, The Philippines. This is the first record of copepods associated with cubozoan medusae, although other cnidarian groups such scyphozoans, hydrozoans, and anthozoans are common hosts for symbiotic copepods. The infection sites were on the subumbrella, pedalium, and rhopalium, but also rarely on the adradial furrow. The new species is distinguished from other congeners by a combination of the following features: (1) the fifth pedigerous somite dorsally covering the anterior part of the female genital double-somite; (2) the fine structures of the antenna (relative lengths of segments) and maxilliped (positions of terminal elements) of the female; (3) the relatively long outer spines on the exopodal segments of legs 1-4; (4) the relatively long and thick female leg 5 bearing a long protopodal seta which reaches to the distal margin of the exopod; (5) the relatively short caudal ramus in the female; and (6) the plump prosome and short urosome in the male...
April 2015: Zoological Science
Maíra Pombo, Alexander Turra, Fabiano Paschoal, José Luis Luque
A new species of copepod, Colobomatus stelliferi n. sp., belonging to the cyclopoid family Philichthyidae Vogt, 1877 is proposed based on female specimens collected from the mandibular canals of three species of sciaenid teleosts: Stellifer brasiliensis (Schultz) (type-host), S. rastrifer (Jordan) and S. stellifer (Bloch), collected in Caraguatatuba Bay, State of São Paulo, Brazil. The new species can be distinguished from its closest congeners by the absence of lateral processes in the genital somite, the presence of one cephalic process in the cephalosome and one pair of dorso-lateral processes on the fused pedigerous somites...
2015: Zootaxa
Geoffrey Allan Boxshall, Myles O'Reilly
A new genus and species of parasitic copepod, Gadilicola daviesi n. g., n. sp., is described based on material found on two different scaphopod host species collected in deep water (2,900-2,910 m) in the Rockall Trough, North East Atlantic. The copepods inhabit the posterior mantle cavity of their scaphopod hosts, Polyschides olivi (Sacchi) and Pulsellum lofotense (M. Sars). Both sexes are described. The female body comprises an unsegmented prosomal trunk and a 2-segmented urosome and is more modified than that of the smaller male which comprises a 4-segmented prosome and 3-segmented urosome...
February 2015: Systematic Parasitology
Eduardo Suárez-Morales, Juan M Fuentes-Reinés
Plankton samples obtained from the lagoon system Laguna Navío Quebrado, in northern Colombia, yielded male and female specimens of an undescribed cyclopoid copepod of the genus Halicyclops. The new species belongs to the highly diverse and widely distributed thermophilus-complex. It closely resembles Halicyclopsclarkei Herbst, 1982 from Louisiana and Halicyclopsbowmani Rocha & Iliffe, 1993 from Bermuda. These species share the same armature of P1-P4EXP3, with a 3443 spine formula and the terminal antennary segment with 5 setae...
2014: ZooKeys
Venmathi B A Maran, Seong Yong Moon, Thamir Katea Adday
A new species of parasitic copepod Anchistrotos tangi sp. n. (Cyclopoida: Taeniacanthidae) is described based on adult female specimens collected from the gills of hilsa shad, Tenualosa ilisha (Hamilton, 1822) (Actinopterygii: Clupeidae) captured off Iraq. The new species differs from its congeners by having the following combination of characters in the adult female: 1) the rostral area sclerotised; 2) the presence of row of spinules on the proximal and distal margins of the anal somite; 3) the maxilliped claw with 2 long whip-like setae just crossing the distal edge of claw with serrated terminal margin; and 4) the leg 5 ornamented with patched spinules distally...
October 2014: Folia Parasitologica
Andrew E Christie
Crustaceans of the subclass Copepoda are key components of essentially all aquatic ecosystems as they serve both as the primary consumers of phytoplankton and/or as major food sources for a wide variety of higher-level consumers. The dominant group of copepods in most freshwater ecosystems is the Cyclopoida; members of this order are routinely used as environmental indicators, and some predatory species are used for the biological control of disease-causing mosquitoes. Given their ecological and disease control importance, it is surprising that little is known about endocrine control in cyclopoids...
January 15, 2015: General and Comparative Endocrinology
M Belal Hossain, David J Marshall
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that increasing ocean acidification (OA) should have strong direct and indirect influences on marine invertebrates. While most theory and application for OA is based on relatively physically-stable oceanic ecological systems, less is known about the effects of acidification on nearshore and estuarine systems. Here, we investigated the structuring of a benthic infaunal community in a tropical estuarine system, along a steep salinity and pH gradient, arising largely from acid-sulphate groundwater inflows (Sungai Brunei Estuary, Borneo, July 2011- June 2012)...
2014: Aquatic Biosystems
Balu Alagar Venmathi Maran, Seong Yong Moon, Thamir K Adday, Najim R Khamees, Jung-Goo Myoung
A new species of bomolochid copepod Nothobomolochus ilhoikimi sp. n., (Cyclopoida), is described based on adult females collected from the gills of hilsa shad Tenualosa ilisha (Hamilton) (Actinopterygii, Clupeidae) captured in waters off Iraq. The new species differs from its congeners by having the following combination of characters in the adult female: 1) anal somite not spinulate; 2) paragnath blunt and robust; 3) maxilla with slender proximal segment and distal segment with 2 accessory processes terminally; 4) the distal exopodal segment of leg 1 with 3 small spines; and 5) the terminal endopodal segment of leg 4 carrying one long and one short spine...
October 2014: Acta Parasitologica
Ying-Bing Su, Li-Xia Wang, Sheng-Chao Kong, Lu Chen, Rui Fang
The complete mitochondrial genome of Lernaea cyprinacea is 14,656 bp in size, containing 13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 transfer RNA genes, two rRNA genes (12S and 16S), as well as two non-coding regions (NCRs, the control regions). The genome organization, nucleotide composition and codon usage do not differ significantly from other Copepodas. The complete mitogenome sequence information of L. cyprinacea provides useful data for further studies on phylogenetics, stock evaluation and conservation genetics...
2016: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
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