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proximal humerus fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630838/a-case-report-of-an-unusual-case-of-tuberculous-osteomyelitis-causing-spontaneous-pathological-fracture-of-humerus-in-a-middle-aged-female
#1
Umesh Birole, Ashish Ranade, Mahesh Mone
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is a major health problem worldwide. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis is often secondary to some primary foci in lungs. There are reports of tuberculous osteomyelitis involving maxilla, ulna, femur, and shoulder joint but none have reported pathological fracture in humeral diaphysis due to tuberculosis osteomyelitis without shoulder joint involvement. We report a case of pathological fracture of humerus diaphysis due to tuberculous osteomyelitis with normal articular space...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626630/arthroscopic-removal-of-proximal-humerus-plates-in-chronic-post-traumatic-shoulder-stiffness
#2
Deepak N Bhatia
Proximal humerus fracture fixation may be complicated by persistent postsurgical stiffness or implant-related problems. Arthroscopic plate removal is a cosmetic and functionally beneficial procedure; however, the procedure is technically difficult in the presence of severe subdeltoid scarring. The technique described here shows an arthroscopic subdeltoid adhesiolysis and proximal humerus plate removal using systematic access to 5 regions of screw positions on the plate. After initial glenohumeral adhesiolysis, a thorough subacromial and subdeltoid bursectomy is performed...
April 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607872/vascularized-fibula-based-physis-transfer-a-follow-up-study-of-longitudinal-bone-growth-and-complications
#3
Ronnie L Shammas, Yash J Avashia, Alfredo E Farjat, Anthony A Catanzano, L Scott Levin, William C Eward, Brian E Brigman, Detlev Erdmann
BACKGROUND: The vascularized free fibula epiphyseal transfer provides an option for the preservation of limb lengthening after resection of the proximal humerus in pediatric sarcoma patients. The purpose of this study was to provide a long-term follow-up of longitudinal growth patterns and outcomes after free fibula epiphyseal transfer in upper extremity reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective review of 4 patients who underwent free fibula epiphyseal transfer after oncologic resection of the proximal humerus for osteosarcoma was performed...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601085/validity-of-humerus-fracture-classification-in-the-swedish-fracture-register
#4
David Wennergren, Stina Stjernström, Michael Möller, Mikael Sundfeldt, Carl Ekholm
BACKGROUND: The ability to correctly classify fractures is of importance for choosing the appropriate treatment and for providing appropriate data for research and quality registers. In the Swedish Fracture Register (SFR) fractures of all types are registered by the attending physician, often a junior doctor. For the majority of fractures, a modified AO/OTA classification is used. This study aimed to validate the accuracy of classification of humerus fractures in the SFR and also at providing insight into inherent classification uncertainties...
June 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567159/humeral-tip-apex-distance-as-a-prognostic-marker-for-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-203-patients
#5
Dominik Saul, Tobias Himmelmann, Klaus Dresing
BACKGROUND: Humeral head fractures and their postoperative outcome remain a challenging problem in surgical daily routine. Predictive factors for loss of fixation are rare. OBJECTIVE: Determination of predictive factors for the failure of osteosynthesis with the loss of fixation or migration of screws in humeral head fractures. METHOD: From 1995 to 2011, 408 patients with proximal humeral fractures [mean age 66.6 years, 50.9-82.3 years] and osteosynthesis were analyzed...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560796/postoperative-evaluation-of-reduction-loss-in-proximal-humeral-fractures-a-comparison-of-plain-radiographs-and-computed-tomography
#6
Xiao-Yang Jia, Yan-Xi Chen, Min-Fei Qiang, Kun Zhang, Hao-Bo Li, Yu-Chen Jiang, Yi-Jie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative CT images with plain radiographs for measuring prognostic factors of reduction loss of fractures of the proximal part of the humerus. METHODS: A total of 65 patients who sustained fractures of the proximal humerus treated with locking plates from June 2012 to October 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 24 men and 41 women, with a mean age of 60.0 years (range, 22-76 years). According to the Neer classification system of proximal humeral fracture, there were 26 two-part, 27 three-part and 12 four-part fractures of the proximal part of the humerus, and all fractures were treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) using locked plating...
May 30, 2017: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551937/-a-new-player-in-the-field-of-shoulder-surgery-the-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty
#7
REVIEW
Ido Stahl, Daniel Dreyfuss, Bezalel Peskin, Doron Norman, Ofer Levy, Nir Hous
Reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in its modern design was first introduced over 25 years ago and approved by the American FDA over ten years ago. This type of prosthesis allows treatment of glenohumeral joint disease among patients with severe rotator cuff deficiency once thought to be inoperable. Modifications to the prosthesis design, along with improved surgical technique, led to better clinical outcomes and lower complication rates, which subsequently led to an increase in the usage of this implant device...
March 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538289/a-three-dimensional-analysis-of-the-fracture-planes-in-pediatric-lateral-humeral-condyle-fractures-for-image-based-pin-positioning-during-fixation
#8
Do Young Park, Jae Ho Cho, Doo-Hyung Lee, Wan-Sun Choi, Jun Young Bang, Xiang Yun Yin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the 3 dimensional morphology of pediatric lateral condylar physeal fractures using 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) and to identify optimal pin positions for percutaneous pinning. DESIGN: Prospective case series of consecutively treated patients SETTING:: Tertiary university hospital setting. PATIENTS: Preoperative 3D-CTs in pediatric surgical candidates diagnosed with lateral condylar physeal fractures INTERVENTION:: Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning was performed...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529869/septic-arthritis-of-the-shoulder-with-proximal-humerus-osteomyelitis-treated-by-ilizarov-shoulder-arthrodesis
#9
John Kendall, Martin McNally
Septic arthritis of the shoulder can destroy the glenohumeral joint resulting in significant pain, instability and poor function. Surgical treatment is notoriously difficult with significant risk of complications. Shoulder arthrodesis has been performed using both internal and external fixation but has high complication rates in the presence of infection. We present our experience of managing a patient with significant pain and loss of function as a result of septic arthritis of the shoulder following infected proximal humeral fracture fixation with associated proximal humeral osteomyelitis...
2017: Journal of bone and joint infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522075/retrospective-analysis-of-proximal-humeral-fracture-dislocations-managed-with-locked-plates
#10
Vivek Trikha, Vivek Singh, Buddhadeb Choudhury, Saubhik Das
BACKGROUND: Fracture-dislocation is the extreme variant of injury to the proximal humerus that occurs more commonly in young adults as a result of high-velocity trauma. We evaluated the functional and radiologic outcome of fixation of proximal humeral fracture-dislocations with locked plates. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 33 proximal humeral fracture-dislocations in 29 patients with a mean age of 35 years (range, 19-60 years) treated by open reduction and internal fixation with locked plates between January 2009 and December 2013...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500457/an-alternative-technique-for-greater-tuberosity-fractures-use-of-the-mesh-plate
#11
Yelena Bogdan, Elizabeth B Gausden, Robert Zbeda, David L Helfet, Dean G Lorich, David S Wellman
INTRODUCTION: Isolated greater tuberosity (GT) fractures (AO 11-A1) tend to occur in the younger patient population and are poorly managed by most precontoured proximal humerus locking plates. The goal of this study was to identify and assess an alternative treatment strategy for greater tuberosity fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all cases of isolated greater tuberosity fractures treated with a 2.4/2.7 mesh plate (Synthes) between 2010 and 2015 was conducted...
May 12, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499398/biomechanical-evaluation-of-a-novel-dualplate-fixation-method-for-proximal-humeral-fractures-without-medial-support
#12
Yu He, Yaoshen Zhang, Yan Wang, Dongsheng Zhou, Fu Wang
BACKGROUND: Comminuted fractures of the proximal humerus are generally treated with the locking plate system, and clinical results are satisfactory. However, unstable support of the medial column results in varus malunion and screw perforation. We designed a novel medial anatomical locking plate (MLP) to directly support the medial column. Theoretically, the combined application of locking plate and MLP (LPMP) would directly provide strong dual-column stability. We hypothesized that the LPMP could provide greater construct stability than the locking plate alone (LP), locking plate combined with a fibular graft (LPSG), and locking plate combined with a distal radius plate (LPDP)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497166/biomechanical-evaluation-of-straight-antegrade-nailing-in-proximal-humeral-fractures-the-rationale-of-the-proximal-anchoring-point
#13
Simon A Euler, Maximilian Petri, Melanie B Venderley, Grant J Dornan, Werner Schmoelz, Travis Lee Turnbull, Michael Plecko, Franz S Kralinger, Peter J Millett
PURPOSE: Varus failure is one of the most common failure modes following surgical treatment of proximal humeral fractures. Straight antegrade nails (SAN) theoretically provide increased stability by anchoring to the densest zone of the proximal humerus (subchondral zone) with the end of the nail. The aim of this study was to biomechanically investigate the characteristics of this "proximal anchoring point" (PAP). We hypothesized that the PAP would improve stability compared to the same construct without the PAP...
May 11, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480574/description-of-the-incidence-clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-proximal-limb-and-pelvic-fracture-in-hong-kong-racehorses-2003-2014
#14
L McGlinchey, M J Hurley, C Riggs, S M Rosanowski
REASONS FOR PERFORMING THE STUDY: Few studies have described the incidence of proximal limb and pelvic fractures (PLPF) occurring in Thoroughbred racehorses on race-day and during training. There is limited information regarding clinical presentation and future racing career in PLPF cases. OBJECTIVES: Describe the incidence, clinical presentation and outcome of PLPF sustained by horses in racing and training at the Hong Kong Jockey Club (HKJC) between 2003 and 2014...
May 8, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475669/stabilized-incidence-in-proximal-humeral-fractures-of-elderly-women-nationwide-statistics-from-finland-in-1970-2015
#15
Pekka Kannus, Seppo Niemi, Harri Sievänen, Jari Parkkari
Background: Low-trauma fractures of elderly women are a major public health concern. Methods: We determined the current trend in the absolute number and incidence (per 100,000 persons) of fresh low-trauma fractures of the proximal humerus among 80-year-old or older Finnish women by taking into account all women who were admitted to Finnish hospitals for primary treatment of such a fracture between 1970 and 2015. Results: The number of low-trauma fractures of the proximal humerus among 80-year-old or older Finnish women rose continuously between 1970 (32 fractures) and 2015 (568 fractures), whereas the age-adjusted fracture rate (showing a clear rise from 87 fractures per 100,000 persons in 1970 to 304 fractures in 1995) became stabilized between 1995 and 2015 (297 fractures per 100,000 persons in 2015)...
May 5, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467336/early-results-for-treatment-of-two-and-three-part-fractures-of-the-proximal-humerus-using-contours-php-proximal-humeral-plate
#16
Alessio Biazzo, Carlo Cardile, Luca Brunelli, Paolo Ragni, Daniele Clementi
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: The management of displaced 2- and 3-part fractures of the proximal humerus is controversial, both in younger and in elderly patients. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the functional results of the Contours Proximal Humerus Plate (OrthofixR, Bussolengo,Verona, Italy), for the treatment of displaced 2- and 3-part fractures of the proximal humerus. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 55 patients with proximal humerus fractures, who underwent osteosynthesis with Contours Proximal Humerus Plate from December 2011 to March 2015...
April 28, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459709/the-humeral-implant-in-shoulder-arthroplasty
#17
Jay D Keener, Peter Nissen Chalmers, Ken Yamaguchi
Humeral hemiarthroplasty, anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty, and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty all rely on a prosthetic articular surface fixed to the proximal humerus. Humeral implant designs have changed considerably as a result of improved understanding of proximal humeral anatomy and prosthetic biomechanics. Fixed, monoblock implants have been superseded by modular implants with variable inclination, offset, version, and stem length. Press-fit designs now commonly have surface coatings that allow bony ingrowth...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458733/what-is-the-optimal-reconstruction-option-after-the-resection-of-proximal-humeral-tumors-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Andrew Dubina, Brian Shiu, Mohit Gilotra, S Ashfaq Hasan, Daniel Lerman, Vincent Y Ng
PURPOSE: The proximal humerus is a common location for both primary and metastatic bone tumors. There are numerous reconstruction options after surgical resection. There is no consensus on the ideal method of reconstruction. METHODS: A systematic review was performed with a focus on the surgical reconstructive options for lesions involving the proximal humerus. RESULTS: A total of 50 articles and 1227 patients were included for analysis. Reoperation rates were autograft arthrodesis (11%), megaprosthesis (10%), RSA (17%), hemiarthroplasty (26%), and osteoarticular allograft (34%)...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455477/long-term-outcomes-of-cemented-versus-cementless-humeral-components-in-arthroplasty-of-the-shoulder-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#19
J-D Werthel, G Lonjon, S Jo, R Cofield, J W Sperling, B T Elhassan
AIMS: In the initial development of total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA), the humeral component was usually fixed with cement. Cementless components were subsequently introduced. The aim of this study was to compare the long-term outcome of cemented and cementless humeral components in arthroplasty of the shoulder. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients who underwent primary arthroplasty of the shoulder at our institution between 1970 and 2012 were included in the study...
May 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442913/fracture-risk-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-possible-risk-factors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Ardeshir Moayeri, Mahmoud Mohamadpour, Seyedeh Fatemeh Mousavi, Ehsan Shirzadpour, Safoura Mohamadpour, Mansour Amraei
AIM: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have an increased risk of bone fractures. A variable increase in fracture risk has been reported depending on skeletal site, diabetes duration, study design, insulin use, and so on. The present meta-analysis aimed to investigate the association between T2DM with fracture risk and possible risk factors. METHODS: Different databases including PubMed, Institute for Scientific Information, and Scopus were searched up to May 2016...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
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