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Christina Arieta Kuksin, Lisa M Minter
An association between certain autoimmune conditions and increased risk of developing lymphoma is well documented. Recent evidence points to NOTCH signaling as a strong driver of autoimmunity. Furthermore, a role for NOTCH in various lymphomas, including classical Hodgkin lymphoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and T cell lymphoma has also been described. In this mini-review, we will outline what is known about involvement of NOTCH signaling in those autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis and primary Sjörgren's syndrome, which show an increased risk for subsequent diagnosis of lymphoma...
2015: Frontiers in Oncology
Gerd Wallukat, Ingolf Schimke
Agonistic autoantibodies (AABs) against G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) are present mainly in diseases of the cardiovascular system or in diseases associated with cardiovascular disturbances. The increasing knowledge about the role of autoantibodies against G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR-AABs) as pathogenic drivers, the resulting development of strategies aimed at their removal or neutralization, and the evidenced patient benefit associated with such therapies have created the need for a summary of GPCR-AAB-associated diseases...
May 2014: Seminars in Immunopathology
Orrin Devinsky, Adam Schein, Souhel Najjar
Systemic autoimmune disorders affect multiple organ systems. Brain involvement commonly causes seizures, which may be the presenting symptom. Systemic lupus erythematosus, Sjorgren's syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, sarcoidsosis, celiac disease, Crohn's disease, Behcet's, and Hashimoto's encephalopathy are reviewed. Mechanisms underlying CNS pathology in systemic autoimmune disorders-and specifically factors predisposing these patients-are discussed, including vascular disease (e.g., prothrombotic state, anticardiolipin antibody, emboli, vasculitis), antineuronal antibodies, immune complexes, cytokines, metabolic disorders, infection, and therapy...
March 2013: Epilepsy Currents
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 1947: Lancet
G Westhoff, A Zink
According to the classification criteria of the American-European Consensus Group (AECG), the prevalence of primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) of about 0.2% in the adult population and a yearly incidence of 4/100.000 in the general population are far lower than previously assumed. Moreover, the repeatedly reported male/female ratio of 1:9 seems to lie more in the range of 1:20. Male pSS patients show fewer immunological, histopathological or sialographic findings and organ involvement. Information on age at disease onset has also changed over the last decade...
February 2010: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
B Friedman, H Gernand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1946: California and Western Medicine
A Azeroual, A Benomar, H Harmouche, N Daoudi, E H Ait Benhaddou, M Yahyaoui, A Maaouni
Primary Sjogren's syndrome is an autoimmune exocrinopathy with various extraglandular complications. Central neurological manifestations were described in 20 percent of cases. Cerebellar syndrome is uncommon in Sjogren's syndrome, but can occur after diagnosis, or rarely as an inaugural sign of the disease. We report the case of a 54-year-old man who presented a cerebellar syndrome with xerostomy and xerophthalmos. The diagnosis of primary Sjorgren's syndrome was confirmed on the accessory salivary gland biopsy...
December 2007: Revue Neurologique
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 26, 1949: Acta Medica Scandinavica
Michael W Pill
A large dataset of integrated pharmacy and medical claims, extracted from independent third-party databases, is being combined with disease benchmarking technology to facilitate analysis of inpatient, outpatient, ancillary services, and pharmaceutical utilization and costs. The Disease Benchmarks Program was developed to create opportunities for health care decision makers to evaluate the entire health care continuum in a disease-specific fashion. The Benchmarks program is valuable because of its flexibility and because it depicts what is occurring in clinical practice...
January 2005: Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy: JMCP
Akihiro Konno, Kensuke Takada, Junzo Saegusa, Mitsuyoshi Takiguchi
Subpopulations of infiltrating lymphocytes, professional antigen-presenting cells (APCs), and Th1/Th2 cytokines that could initiate an autoimmune sialodacryoadenitis were studied in the IQI/Jic mouse model of primary Sjögren's syndrome. Although lymphocytic infiltrations were first seen in submandibular glands (SMGs) of females and in lacrimal glands (LGs) of males at 8 weeks of age, clusters of MHC class II+, CD11c+, B7-2+ dendritic cells (DCs) were already localized in these tissues at 4 weeks. At 8 weeks, the infiltrating lymphocytes consisted of almost equal numbers of B cells and CD4+ T cells...
June 2003: Autoimmunity
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1960: Journal of the Maine Medical Association
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1955: New Zealand Medical Journal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 1953: Nordisk Medicin
B Sjörgren, Z Wang, B M Larsson, K Larsson, P H Larsson, P Westerholm
OBJECTIVES: The inhalation of dust from swine confinement buildings causes inflammatory responses in the airways with a rise of interleukin-6 (IL-6). The purpose of this study was to confirm the increase in serum IL-6 after inhalation of swine dust and investigate a possible increase in plasma fibrinogen. METHODS: Eight healthy nonsmoking volunteers inhaled dust for 4 hours inside a swine confinement building. Inhalable dust and endotoxin were sampled. The concentrations of IL-6 and fibrinogen were determined in serum and plasma...
February 1999: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
P Berlit
Vasculitis, restricted to the central nervous system, may be an iodiopathic disorder or may be secondary to toxins, infections or neoplasm. Alternatively, it may be part of a systemic autoimmune disease. Temporal arteritis presents with headache, jay claudication, polymyalgia rheumatica and constitutional symptoms. Hemispheric strokes occur in 10%, especially in the territory supplied by the posterior or the middle cerebral arteries. Corticosteroids are the treatment of choice. Isolated angitis of the central nervous system is an idiopathic recurrent inflammatory disease of the small and medium-sized vessels, confirmed to the brain and the spinal cord...
July 1996: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
J L Senécal, S Chartier, N Rothfield
OBJECTIVE: To define the clinical manifestations, autoantibody associations, optimal treatment, and prognosis of hypergammaglobulinemic purpura associated with systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases. METHODS: Of 303 consecutive patients with systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases evaluated over 5 years, 17 French Canadian patients with hypergammaglobulinemic purpura with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) (n = 12) or another systemic autoimmune rheumatic disease (n = 5) were identified and followed prospectively...
May 1995: Journal of Rheumatology
J G Routsias, M Sakarellos-Daitsiotis, E Detsikas, A G Tzioufas, C Sakarellos, H M Moutsopoulos
Previous studies demonstrated a possible antigenic relation between the carboxyl terminal portion of anti-Ro60kD autoantigen and a nucleocapsid protein (N) of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV). In order to investigate whether anti-Ro60kD autoantibodies react with the VSV homologous region of the Ro60kD protein we synthesized, according to Merrifield's method, the EYRKKMDI octapeptide (8p) sharing a common sequence with the N protein of VSV. Sera from 61 patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases (34 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 21 Sjörgren's syndrome (SS) and six rheumatoid arthritis (RA)) as well as 59 from normal blood donors were tested for the presence of anti-Ro60kD autoantibodies by ELISA and immunoblot (IB) and anti-8p antibodies by ELISA...
December 1994: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
D V Parums
This article reviews the histopathological, clinical and immunological features of the arteritides. Based on these criteria, a classification scheme is proposed that includes infectious and non-infectious causes. Included in the non-infectious arteritides are: hypersensitivity vasculitis including serum sickness. Henoch-Schönlein purpura, mixed cryoglobulinaemia, hypocomplementaemia, drug and malignancy-associated vasculitis; arteritides of small and medium-sized arteries including polyarteritis nodosa, Kawasaki's disease, Wegener's granulomatosis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, necrotizing sarcoid granulomatosis, thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease) and localized forms of arteritis; arteritides involving large, medium and small-sized arteries which includes giant cell (temporal) arteritis, Takayasu's disease and arteritis of collagen-vascular disease (rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic fever, Behçet's disease, Sjörgren's syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosis and systemic sclerosis...
July 1994: Histopathology
E Ståhle, R Bergström, S O Nyström, B Edlund, I Sjörgren, L Holmberg
Consecutive patients operated on for left ventricular aneurysm from 1970 through August 1989 (n = 303) were evaluated with respect to survival. Early mortality, i.e. within 30 days, was 8.9%; 23% in patients who underwent aneurysm resection alone, 8.1% in cases of aneurysm resection with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), and 6.3% in those undergoing CABG only. Multivariate logistic regression revealed that advanced New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class, non-use of the internal mammary artery as a graft and thromboendarterectomy increased the early risk...
1994: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
H Murata, Y Kita, A Sakamoto, I Matsumoto, R Matsumura, T Sugiyama, M Sueishi, K Takabayashi, I Iwamoto, Y Saitoh, K Nishioka, T Sumida
To analyze the mechanism of interstitial nephritis in patients with Sjörgren's syndrome (SS), we examined the TCR repertoire of infiltration T cells in kidney, labial salivary glands, and PBLs using a PCR. The repertoire of the TCR V beta gene on infiltrating T cells from the kidneys of SS patients was more restricted than those on infiltrating T cells in labial salivary glands and PBL. The TCR V beta 2 gene was expressed predominantly in six of seven (86%) SS patients. Junctional sequences of cDNAs encoding the V beta 2 gene on infiltrating T cells in the kidneys of five SS patients showed that some of the cells expanded clonally, indicating Ag-driven stimulation rather than superantigen-induced proliferation...
October 15, 1995: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
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